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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144889/testing-for-questionable-research-practices-in-a-meta-analysis-an-example-from-experimental-parapsychology
#1
Dick J Bierman, James P Spottiswoode, Aron Bijl
We describe a method of quantifying the effect of Questionable Research Practices (QRPs) on the results of meta-analyses. As an example we simulated a meta-analysis of a controversial telepathy protocol to assess the extent to which these experimental results could be explained by QRPs. Our simulations used the same numbers of studies and trials as the original meta-analysis and the frequencies with which various QRPs were applied in the simulated experiments were based on surveys of experimental psychologists...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26493715/human-brain-to-brain-interface-prelude-to-telepathy
#2
Tariq K Halasa, Lahari Surapaneni, Mithun G Sattur, Andrew R Pines, Rami James N Aoun, Bernard R Bendok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26488918/extrasensory-perception-experiences-and-childhood-trauma-a-rorschach-investigation
#3
Giuseppe Scimeca, Antonio Bruno, Gianluca Pandolfo, Giulia La Ciura, Rocco A Zoccali, Maria R A Muscatello
This study investigated whether people who report recurrent extrasensory perception (ESP) experiences (telepathy, clairvoyance, and precognition) have suffered more traumatic experiences and traumatic intrusions. Thirty-one nonclinical participants reporting recurrent ESP experiences were compared with a nonclinical sample of 31 individuals who did not report recurrent ESP phenomena. Past traumatic experiences were assessed via a self-report measure of trauma history (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire); traumatic intrusions were assessed via a performance-based personality measure (Rorschach Traumatic Content Index)...
November 2015: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26048628/automated-tests-for-telephone-telepathy-using-mobile-phones
#4
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, Leonidas Avraamides
OBJECTIVE: To carry out automated experiments on mobile phones to test for telepathy in connection with telephone calls. STUDY METHOD: Subjects, aged from 10 to 83, registered online with the names and mobile telephone numbers of three or two senders. A computer selected a sender at random, and asked him to call the subject via the computer. The computer then asked the subject to guess the caller׳s name, and connected the caller and the subject after receiving the guess...
July 2015: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25808468/bridging-the-reductive-and-the-synthetic-some-reflections-on-the-clinical-implications-of-synchronicity
#5
Angela Connolly
When Jung introduced the concepts of synchronicity and the psychoid unconscious, he expanded analytical psychology into decidedly uncanny territory. Despite the early interest shown by Freud, anomalous phenomena such as telepathy have become a taboo subject in psychoanalysis. Today, however, there is an increasing interest in thought transference and synchronicity, thus opening the way for a fruitful exchange between different psychoanalytical schools on their clinical implications. I propose to examine some of the ambiguities of Jung's thinking, to clarify how we define synchronicity, the relationship between synchronicities and parapsychological events, and their clinical significance...
April 2015: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25165003/haunted-thoughts-of-the-careful-experimentalist-psychical-research-and-the-troubles-of-experimental-physics
#6
Richard Noakes
This paper analyses the relationship between the 'elusive' science of psychical research and experimental physics in the period approximately, 1870-1930. Most studies of the relationship between psychical research and the established sciences have examined the ways in which psychical researchers used theories in the established sciences to give greater plausibility to their interpretations of such puzzling phenomena as telepathy, telekinesis and ectoplasm. A smaller literature has examined the use of laboratory instruments to produce scientific evidence for these phenomena...
December 2014: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25145941/what-do-mind-readers-know-and-what-do-we-know-about-mind-readers
#7
Jacqueline D Woolley
In this commentary, I raise various questions about Kim and Harris's fascinating findings. I ask what kind of knowledge children expect telepathic individuals to have, who children might consider to be good mind readers, why children value telepathy, and how puzzled children are by telepathy. I suggest potential ways to address some of these questions and end by reiterating the importance of probing individual differences in scepticism and credulity.
November 2014: British Journal of Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24974626/-is-the-brain-the-creator-of-psychic-phenomena-or-is-a-paradigm-shift-inevitable
#8
EDITORIAL
Ernesto Bonilla
Every day new scientific information is appearing that cannot be explained using the classical Newtonian model and is calling for the emergence of a new paradigm that would include the explanation of such phenomena as telepathy, clairvoyance, presentiment, precognition, out of the body experiences, psychic healing, after-death communication, near-death experiences and reincarnation. The materialist paradigm which considers the brain as the sole cause of consciousness and psychic phenomena has been challenged by a new paradigm that seems to demonstrate that there is not a cause-effect relationship between brain activity and psychic phenomena but only a correlation between them, since these phenomena can be experienced without the body and appear to have an extra-cerebral origin (cosmic field, cosmic consciousness?)...
June 2014: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24948740/the-cultural-evolution-of-mind-reading
#9
REVIEW
Cecilia M Heyes, Chris D Frith
It is not just a manner of speaking: "Mind reading," or working out what others are thinking and feeling, is markedly similar to print reading. Both of these distinctly human skills recover meaning from signs, depend on dedicated cortical areas, are subject to genetically heritable disorders, show cultural variation around a universal core, and regulate how people behave. But when it comes to development, the evidence is conflicting. Some studies show that, like learning to read print, learning to read minds is a long, hard process that depends on tuition...
June 20, 2014: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24536834/long-distance-experiments-in-telepathy
#10
F BATEMAN, S G SOAL
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1950: Journal of the American Society for Psychical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24502184/-distant-mental-influence-on-living-organisms
#11
REVIEW
Ernesto Bonilla
This article reviews studies of distant mental influence on living organisms, including mental suggestions of sleeping and awakening, mental influence at long distances, mental interactions with remote biological systems, mental effects on physiological activity and the sense of being stared at. Significant effects of distant mental influence have been shown in several randomized controlled trials in humans, animals, plants, bacteria and cells in the laboratory. Although distant mental influence on living organisms appears to contradict our ordinary sense of reality and the laws defined by conventional science, several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the observed effects; they include skeptical, signal transfer, field, multidimensional space/time and quantum mechanics hypotheses...
December 2013: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24228817/experiences-of-possession-and-paranormal-phenomena-among-women-in-the-general-population-are-they-related-to-traumatic-stress-and-dissociation
#12
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyüz
This study sought to determine the prevalence of experiences of possession and paranormal phenomena (PNP) in the general population and their possible relations to each other and to traumatic stress and dissociation. The study was conducted on a representative female sample recruited from a town in central eastern Turkey. The Dissociative Disorders Interview Schedule, the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and borderline personality disorder sections of the Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV Axis-I and Personality Disorders, and the Childhood Abuse and Neglect Questionnaire were administered to 628 women...
2014: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23762246/enhancing-pseudo-telepathy-in-the-magic-square-game
#13
Lukasz Pawela, Piotr Gawron, Zbigniew Puchała, Jan Sładkowski
We study the possibility of reversing an action of a quantum channel. Our principal objective is to find a specific channel that reverses as accurately as possible an action of a given quantum channel. To achieve this goal we use semidefinite programming. We show the benefits of our method using the quantum pseudo-telepathy Magic Square game with noise. Our strategy is to move the pseudo-telepathy region to higher noise values. We show that it is possible to reverse the action of a noise channel using semidefinite programming...
2013: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23558452/cognitive-experiences-reported-by-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-axis-ii-comparison-subjects-a-16-year-prospective-follow-up-study
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mary C Zanarini, Frances R Frankenburg, Michelle M Wedig, Garrett M Fitzmaurice
OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed three main types of disturbed cognition: nonpsychotic thought (odd thinking, unusual perceptual experiences, and nondelusional paranoia), quasi-psychotic thought, and true psychotic thought in patients with borderline personality disorder followed prospectively for 16 years. They also compared the rates of these disturbed cognitions with those reported by axis II comparison subjects. METHOD: The cognitive experiences of 362 inpatients (290 borderline patients and 72 axis II comparison subjects) were assessed at study entry using the cognitive section of the Revised Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines...
June 2013: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23355763/psychical-research-and-the-origins-of-american-psychology-hugo-m%C3%A3-nsterberg-william-james-and-eusapia-palladino
#15
Andreas Sommer
Largely unacknowledged by historians of the human sciences, late-19th-century psychical researchers were actively involved in the making of fledgling academic psychology. Moreover, with few exceptions historians have failed to discuss the wider implications of the fact that the founder of academic psychology in America, William James, considered himself a psychical researcher and sought to integrate the scientific study of mediumship, telepathy and other controversial topics into the nascent discipline. Analysing the celebrated exposure of the medium Eusapia Palladino by German-born Harvard psychologist Hugo Münsterberg as a representative example, this article discusses strategies employed by psychologists in the United States to expel psychical research from the agenda of scientific psychology...
April 2012: History of the Human Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23294092/a-bayes-factor-meta-analysis-of-recent-extrasensory-perception-experiments-comment-on-storm-tressoldi-and-di-risio-2010
#16
COMMENT
Jeffrey N Rouder, Richard D Morey, Jordan M Province
Psi phenomena, such as mental telepathy, precognition, and clairvoyance, have garnered much recent attention. We reassess the evidence for psi effects from Storm, Tressoldi, and Di Risio's (2010) meta-analysis. Our analysis differs from Storm et al.'s in that we rely on Bayes factors, a Bayesian approach for stating the evidence from data for competing theoretical positions. In contrast to more conventional analyses, inference by Bayes factors allows the analyst to state evidence for the no-psi-effect null as well as for a psi-effect alternative...
January 2013: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23002296/policing-epistemic-deviance-albert-von-schrenck-notzing-and-albert-moll-1
#17
Andreas Sommer
Shortly after the death of Albert von Schrenck-Notzing (1862-1929), the doyen of early twentieth century German para psychology, his former colleague in hypnotism and sexology Albert Moll (1862-1939) published a treatise on the psychology and pathology of parapsychologists, with Schrenck-Notzing serving as a prototype of a scientist suffering from an 'occult complex'. Moll's analysis concluded that parapsychologists vouching for the reality of supernormal phenomena, such as telepathy, clairvoyance, telekinesis and materialisations, suffered from a morbid will to believe, which paralysed their critical faculties and made them cover obvious mediumistic fraud...
April 2012: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22869999/protracted-parahippocampal-activity-associated-with-sean-harribance
#18
Michael A Persinger, Kevin S Saroka
AIMS: Previous research published by Venkatasubramanian et al. (2008) in this journal showed markedly enhanced functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity within the right parahippocampal region of a gifted person while he experienced accurate telepathic impression. The present research is designed to discern if Sean Harribance, a reliable psychic who reported independently verified accurate histories of others during his intuitive state, would also show similar enhancement as measured by standardized low resolution electromagnetic tomography (sLORETA)...
July 2012: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22611911/-criminology-and-superstition-at-the-turn-of-the-19th-century
#19
Christian Bachhiesl
Criminology, which institutionalised at university level at the turn of the 19th century, was intensively engaged in the exploration of superstition. Criminologists investigated the various phenomena of superstition and the criminal behaviour resulting from it. They discovered bizarre (real or imagined) worlds of thought and mentalities, which they subjected to a rationalistic regime of interpretation in order to arrive at a better understanding of offences and crimes related to superstition. However, they sometimes also considered the use of occultist practices such as telepathy and clairvoyance to solve criminal cases...
March 2012: Archiv Für Kriminologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22489379/a-phenomenological-study-of-spontaneous-spiritual-and-paranormal-experiences-in-a-21st-century-sample-of-normal-people
#20
Fredrick James Woodard
Summary.-This paper presents a phenomenological study using the methodology of Woodard's phenomenological and perceptual research. This method examines individuals' internal meanings during spontaneous spiritual and paranormal experiences, as described from their point of view. A group of 40 adults was phenomenologically interviewed after they responded to a newspaper announcement in New Hampshire asking for volunteers who had had spiritual and paranormal experiences. Using the method, Six Individual Situated Structures and a General Structure were identified and examined...
February 2012: Psychological Reports
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