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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052035/brca1-iris-overexpression-promotes-and-maintains-the-tumor-initiating-phenotype-implications-for-triple-negative-breast-cancer-early-lesions
#1
Abhilasha Sinha, Bibbin T Paul, Lisa M Sullivan, Hillary Sims, Ahmed El Bastawisy, Hend F Yousef, Abdel-Rahman N Zekri, Abeer A Bahnassy, Wael M ElShamy
Tumor-initiating cells (TICs) are cancer cells endowed with self-renewal, multi-lineage differentiation, increased chemo-resistance, and in breast cancers the CD44+/CD24-/ALDH1+ phenotype. Triple negative breast cancers show lack of BRCA1 expression in addition to enhanced basal, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and TIC phenotypes. BRCA1-IRIS (hereafter IRIS) is an oncogene produced by the alternative usage of the BRCA1 locus. IRIS is involved in induction of replication, transcription of selected oncogenes, and promoting breast cancer cells aggressiveness...
December 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033108/tissue-factor-promotes-breast-cancer-stem-cell-activity-in-vitro
#2
Hudhaifah Shaker, Hannah Harrison, Robert Clarke, Goran Landberg, Nigel J Bundred, Henri H Versteeg, Cliona C Kirwan
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a subpopulation of cells that can self-renew and initiate tumours. The clotting-initiating protein Tissue Factor (TF) promotes metastasis and may be overexpressed in cancer cells with increased CSC activity. We sought to determine whether TF promotes breast CSC activity in vitro using human breast cancer cell lines. TF expression was compared in anoikis-resistant (CSC-enriched) and unselected cells. In cells sorted into of TF-expressing and TF-negative (FACS), and in cells transfected to knockdown TF (siRNA) and overexpress TF (cDNA), CSC activity was compared by (i) mammosphere forming efficiency (MFE) (ii) holoclone colony formation (Hc) and (iii) ALDH1 activity...
December 13, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008389/immunohistochemical-expression-of-cd56-and-aldh1-in-common-salivary-gland-tumors
#3
Safoura Seifi, Maryam Seyedmajidi, Jahanshah Salehinejad, Hemmat Gholinia, Fatemeh Aliakbarpour
INTRODUCTION: Natural killer (NK) cells, of which CD56 is a specific marker, play an important role in host defense against tumors. Cancer stem cells, of which aldehyde dehydrogenase isoform 1 (ALDH1) is an immunohistochemical marker, are a group of tumorigenic cells which are involved in migration and tumor recurrences. We aimed to evaluate the expression of ALDH1 and CD56 in common salivary gland tumors, as well as their relationship with each other and with a number of clinicopathologic factors...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941886/c-jun-n-terminal-kinase-promotes-stem-cell-phenotype-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-through-upregulation-of-notch1-via-activation-of-c-jun
#4
X Xie, T S Kaoud, R Edupuganti, T Zhang, T Kogawa, Y Zhao, G B Chauhan, D N Giannoukos, Y Qi, D Tripathy, J Wang, N S Gray, K N Dalby, C Bartholomeusz, N T Ueno
c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) plays a vital role in malignant transformation of different cancers, and JNK is highly activated in basal-like triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). However, the roles of JNK in regulating cancer stem-like cell (CSC) phenotype and tumorigenesis in TNBC are not well defined. JNK is known to mediate many cellular events via activating c-Jun. Here, we found that JNK regulated c-Jun activation in TNBC cells and that JNK activation correlated with c-Jun activation in TNBC tumors. Furthermore, the expression level of c-Jun was significantly higher in TNBC tumors than in non-TNBC tumors, and high c-Jun mRNA level was associated with shorter disease-free survival of patients with TNBC...
December 12, 2016: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928651/effects-of-different-doses-of-cadmium-on-secondary-metabolites-and-gene-expression-in-artemisia-annua-l
#5
Liangyun Zhou, Guang Yang, Haifeng Sun, Jinfu Tang, Jian Yang, Yizhan Wang, Thomas Avery Garran, Lanping Guo
This study aims to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanisms of artemisinin accumulation induced by Cd. The effects of different Cd concentrations (0, 20, 60, and 120 μmol/L) on the biosynthesis of Artemisia annua L. were examined. Intermediate and end products were quantified by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS analysis. The expression of key biosynthesis enzymes was also determined by qRT-PCR. The results showed that the application of treatment with 60 and 120 μmol/L Cd for 3 days significantly improved the biosynthesis of artemisinic acid, arteannuin B, and artemisinin...
December 8, 2016: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926533/andrographolide-impedes-cancer-stemness-and-enhances-radio-sensitivity-in-oral-carcinomas-via-mir-218-activation
#6
Po-Yu Yang, Pei-Ling Hsieh, Tong Hong Wang, Cheng-Chia Yu, Ming-Yi Lu, Yi-Wen Liao, Tzu-Hsin Lee, Chih-Yu Peng
Current evidence suggests that oral cancer stem cells (OCSCs) possess high tumorigenic and metastatic properties as well as chemo- and radioresistance. In this study, we demonstrated that andrographolide, the main bioactive component in the medicinal plant Andrographis, significantly reduced oncogenicity and restored radio-sensitivity of ALDH1+CD44+ OCSCs. Mechanistic studies showed that andrographolide treatment increased the expression of microRNA-218 (miR-218), leading to the downregulation of Bmi1. We showed that knockdown of miR-218 in ALDH1-CD44- non-OCSCs enhanced cancer stemness, while silencing of Bmi1 significantly counteracted it...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926487/egf-induces-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-cancer-stem-like-cell-properties-in-human-oral-cancer-cells-via-promoting-warburg-effect
#7
Qilin Xu, Qunzhou Zhang, Yasutaka Ishida, Souren Hajjar, Xudong Tang, Haoran Shi, Chi V Dang, Anh D Le
"Warburg effect", the enhanced glycolysis or aerobic glycolysis, confers cancer cells the ability to survive and proliferate even under stressed conditions. In this study, we explored the role of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in orchestrating Warburg effect, the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) process, and the acquisition of cancer stem-like cell properties in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cells. Our results showed that EGF induces EMT process in OSCC cells, which correlates with the acquisition of cancer stem-like properties, including the enrichment of CD44+/CD24- population of cancer cells and an increased expression of CSC-related genes, aldehyde dehydrogenase-1 (ALDH1) and Bmi-1...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913042/objective-analysis-of-cancer-stem-cell-marker-expression-using-immunohistochemistry
#8
T J Miller, M J McCoy, C Hemmings, M K Bulsara, B Iacopetta, C F Platell
Analysis of immunohistochemical expression is often a subjective and semiquantitative process that can lead to the inconsistent reporting of results. To assess the effect that region selection and quantification method have on results, five different cancer stem cell markers were used in this study to compare tissue scoring with digital analysis methods that used three different tissue annotation methods. Samples of tumour and normal mucosa were used from 10 consecutive stage II colon cancer patients and stained for the putative cancer stem cell markers ALDH1, CD44v6, CD133, Lgr5 and SOX2...
January 2017: Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910777/gastric-adenocarcinoma-biomarker-expression-profiles-and-their-prognostic-value
#9
Serkan Senol, Abdullah Aydin, Duygu Kosemetin, Dilek Ece, Ibrahim Akalin, Hasan Abuoglu, Esra Akdeniz Duran, Dincer Aydin, Burcak Erkol
Expression levels of several molecules implicated in carcinogenesis were examined by immunohistochemical staining, and the prognostic significance of their expression levels in gastric adenocarcinoma (GA) was evaluated. A total of 115 GA and 20 control gastric tissue samples were evaluated by immunohistochemistry using 33 antibodies targeting molecules known to play a part in the development of various tumors. Overexpression of carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX) and loss of AT-rich interactive domain-containing protein 1A (ARID1A), aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), and CD44 expression in GA patients were significantly correlated with lymph node (LN) metastasis, advanced tumor stage, and poor prognosis...
2016: Journal of Environmental Pathology, Toxicology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909720/tetrandrine-inhibits-glioma-stem-like-cells-by-repressing-%C3%AE-catenin-expression
#10
Yong Zhang, Yu-Lin Wen, Ji-Wei Ma, Jie-Cheng Ye, Xiao Wang, Jian-Xian Huang, Chao-Yue Meng, Xiao-Ze Xu, Shao-Xiang Wang, Xue-Yun Zhong
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) in glioma are often responsible for relapse and resistance to therapy. The purpose of the present study was to confirm the self-renewal and migration inhibitory effects of tetrandrine (Tet), which is a compound extracted from the dried root of Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, toward glioma stem-like cells (GSLCs) and to examine the associated molecular mechanisms. Using a neurosphere culture technique, we enriched the GSLC population from the human glioblastoma cell lines U87 and U251...
January 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903972/gdf15-contributes-to-radioresistance-and-cancer-stemness-of-head-and-neck-cancer-by-regulating-cellular-reactive-oxygen-species-via-a-smad-associated-signaling-pathway
#11
Yan-Liang Li, Joseph T Chang, Li-Yu Lee, Kang-Hsing Fan, Ya-Ching Lu, Yi-Chen Li, Chang-Hsu Chiang, Guo-Rung You, Hsin-Ying Chen, Ann-Joy Cheng
Radiotherapy is an integral part for the treatment of head and neck cancer (HNC), while radioresistance is a major cause leads to treatment failure. GDF15, a member of the TGF-β superfamily, is hypothesized to participate in various types of homeostasis. However, the potential role of this molecule in regulation of radiosensitivity remains unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that GDF15 contributed to radioresistance of HNC, as determined by both gain- and lost-of-functional experiments. These results were achieved by the induction of mitochondrial membrane potential and suppression of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
November 26, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900058/effect-of-surgical-wound-fluids-after-intraoperative-electron-radiotherapy-on-the-cancer-stem-cell-phenotype-in-a-panel-of-human-breast-cancer-cell-lines
#12
Karolina Zaleska, Wiktoria Maria Suchorska, Anna Przybyła, Dawid Murawa
The wound healing process after surgery alters the area surrounding the original tumor and around the scar, and the modified microenvironment is more favorable for tumor recurrence. Intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) is one of the more novel strategies in breast cancer (BC) treatment. Irradiation during surgery has effects on the tumor microenvironment, abrogating the proliferative cascade induced by surgical wound healing. The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of surgical wound fluids from IOERT treatment (RT-WF) compared with wound fluids from conservative-breast surgery only (WF) on the cancer stem cell phenotype in a panel of BC cell lines...
November 2016: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866975/expression-of-stem-cell-markers-in-oral-cavity-and-oropharynx-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Flávia Paiva Prudente de Moraes, Silvia Vanessa Lourenço, Renata Carolina Fraga Ianez, Elen Alves de Sousa, Marlon Messias da Conceição Silva, Aline Santos Damascena, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Fernando Augusto Soares, Cláudia Malheiros Coutinho-Camillo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the expression of CD24, CD44, CD133, ALDH1, CD29 (integrin-β1), and Ki-67 in squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity and oropharynx. STUDY DESIGN: Fifty-two tumors and 21 metastatic lymph nodes were evaluated by using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Seven of 52 cases (13.5%) showed positive cytoplasmic staining of aldehyde dehydrogenase 1; integrin-β1 was expressed in 45 of 50 cases (90%); 30 of 52 cases (57...
January 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853380/notch1-is-a-poor-prognostic-factor-for-breast-cancer-and-is-associated-with-breast-cancer-stem-cells
#14
Ying Zhong, Songjie Shen, Yidong Zhou, Feng Mao, Yan Lin, Jinghong Guan, Yali Xu, Shu Zhang, Xu Liu, Qiang Sun
Recently, the human gene NOTCH1 has been found to be implicated in cancer cell metastasis and the maintenance of cancer stem cells. However, for breast cancer in particular, an association between NOTCH1 levels and metastasis has not been determined. In this study, we investigated the expression status and correlation of NOTCH1 with clinically important factors related to metastasis and the cancer stem cell marker ALDH1. NOTCH1 and ALDH1 levels in 115 tumor tissues from primary lesions were determined by immunohistochemical staining...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836546/apbb1-reinforces-cancer-stem-cell-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-by-regulating-the-igf1r-signaling-pathway-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#15
Jei Ha Lee, Jung Yul Kim, Seo Yeon Kim, Soo Im Choi, Kuk Chan Kim, Eun Wie Cho, In Gyu Kim
Amyloid β precursor protein binding family B member 1(APBB1) was first identified as a binding partner of amyloid precursor protein during brain development, but its function in the context of cancer remain unclear. Here we show for the first time that APBB1 is partly associated with intensifying cancer stem cell(CSC) and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and enhancing radiation-resistant properties of lung cancer cells. We found that APBB1 was highly expressed in ALDH1(high) CSC-like cells sorted from A549 lung cancer cells...
January 1, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832750/metastasis-associated-in-colon-cancer-1-and-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-are-metastatic-and-prognostic-biomarker-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#16
Lei Zhou, Lan Yu, Bo Zhu, Shiwu Wu, Wenqing Song, Xiaomeng Gong, Danna Wang
BACKGROUND: Tumor recurrence and metastasis are the most common reason for treatment failure. Metastasis-associate in colon cancer-1 (MACC1) has been identified as a metastatic and prognostic biomarker for colorectal cancer and other solid tumors. Aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1), a marker of cancer stem cells, is also associated with metastasis and poor prognosis in many tumors. However, the prognostic value of either MACC1 or ALDH1 in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is unclear. In this study, we explored the relationship between MACC1 and ALDH1 expression, as well as their respective associations with clinicopathological features, to determine if either could be useful for improvement of survival prognosis in NSCLC...
November 10, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817081/retraction-note-to-expression-and-prognostic-value-of-the-aldehyde-dehydrogenase-1-aldh1-and-n-myc-downstream-regulated-gene-2-ndrg2-as-potential-markers-in-human-astrocytomas
#17
Peyman Karimi Goudarzi, Farzad Mehrabi, Reza Jalili Khoshnood, Ali Baradaran Bagheri, Koorosh Ahmadi, Emad Yahaghi, Hesam Abdolhoseinpour
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810697/lymphocyte-predominant-triple-negative-breast-carcinomas-in-premenopausal-patients-lower-expression-of-basal-immunohistochemical-markers
#18
Sergio Mitsuo Masili-Oku, Bernardo Gomes Lacerda de Almeida, Carlos Eduardo Bacchi, Jose Roberto Filassi, Edmund Chada Baracat, Filomena Marino Carvalho
OBJECTIVES: Triple-negative breast carcinomas (TNBCs) correspond to a molecular heterogeneous disease defined by lack of estrogen and progesterone receptor expression, and the absence of overexpression and/or amplification of HER2. Recent data indicate that clinical outcome in TNBC is affected by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, suggesting that they can benefit from immunotherapies. We selected 116 consecutive premenopausal patients with TNBC to compare the immunohistochemical profile of the group rich in tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes with those without this characteristic...
February 2017: Breast: Official Journal of the European Society of Mastology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795308/metabolic-engineering-of-raoultella-ornithinolytica-bf60-for-production-of-2-5-furandicarboxylic-acid-from-5-hydroxymethylfurfural
#19
Gazi Sakir Hossain, Haibo Yuan, Jianghua Li, Hyun-Dong Shin, Miao Wang, Guocheng Du, Jian Chen, Long Liu
: 2,5-Furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA) is an important renewable biotechnological building block because it serves as an environmentally friendly substitute for terephthalic acid in the production of polyesters. Currently, FDCA is produced mainly via chemical oxidation, which can cause severe environmental pollution. In this study, we developed an environmentally friendly process for the production of FDCA from 5-hydroxymethyl furfural (5-HMF) using a newly isolated strain, Raoultella ornithinolytica BF60...
January 1, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785100/current-advances-in-biomarkers-for-targeted-therapy-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Brett Fleisher, Charlotte Clarke, Sihem Ait-Oudhia
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a complex heterogeneous disease characterized by the absence of three hallmark receptors: human epidermal growth factor receptor 2, estrogen receptor, and progesterone receptor. Compared to other breast cancer subtypes, TNBC is more aggressive, has a higher prevalence in African-Americans, and more frequently affects younger patients. Currently, TNBC lacks clinically accepted targets for tailored therapy, warranting the need for candidate biomarkers. BiomarkerBase, an online platform used to find biomarkers reported in clinical trials, was utilized to screen all potential biomarkers for TNBC and select only the ones registered in completed TNBC trials through clinicaltrials...
2016: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
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