keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

paranormal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770574/microbiome-yarns-microbiome-of-the-built-environment-paranormal-microbiology-and-the-power-of-single-cell-genomics1-2-3-4
#1
EDITORIAL
Kenneth Timmis, Franziska Jebok, Manfred Rohde, Gabriella Molinari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Microbial Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758990/the-uncanny-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#2
Matthew Merced
A biopsychosocial model provides a framework for a contemporary understanding of paranormal phenomena. From this perspective, paranormal beliefs and experiences are best understood by identifying biological, psychological, and sociocultural explanatory factors. Treatment recommendations are provided.
May 15, 2018: American Journal of Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750353/who-is-my-jung-memories-reflections-prospects
#3
Martin Stone
The author describes his personal and professional journey in relation to the subject of the AJA 40th anniversary conference, 'Who is my Jung?' The first part of the paper covers his early life and his attempt to bring together two opposing parts within him: valuation of a scientific approach, and an interest in the inner world, dreams and the paranormal. Discussion of his professional life follows, including his relationship with Gerhard Adler, past problems and splits within the Jungian community and the author's attempts to heal these...
June 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695889/connecting-the-dots-illusory-pattern-perception-predicts-belief-in-conspiracies-and-the-supernatural
#4
Jan-Willem van Prooijen, Karen M Douglas, Clara De Inocencio
A common assumption is that belief in conspiracy theories and supernatural phenomena are grounded in illusory pattern perception. In the present research we systematically tested this assumption. Study 1 revealed that such irrational beliefs are related to perceiving patterns in randomly generated coin toss outcomes. In Study 2, pattern search instructions exerted an indirect effect on irrational beliefs through pattern perception. Study 3 revealed that perceiving patterns in chaotic but not in structured paintings predicted irrational beliefs...
April 2018: European Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589333/effect-of-response-format-on-cognitive-reflection-validating-a-two-and-four-option-multiple-choice-question-version-of-the-cognitive-reflection-test
#5
Miroslav Sirota, Marie Juanchich
The Cognitive Reflection Test, measuring intuition inhibition and cognitive reflection, has become extremely popular because it reliably predicts reasoning performance, decision-making, and beliefs. Across studies, the response format of CRT items sometimes differs, based on the assumed construct equivalence of tests with open-ended versus multiple-choice items (the equivalence hypothesis). Evidence and theoretical reasons, however, suggest that the cognitive processes measured by these response formats and their associated performances might differ (the nonequivalence hypothesis)...
March 27, 2018: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504681/hiding-in-plain-sight-jung-astrology-and-the-psychology-of-the-unconscious
#6
Stephanie Buck
Astrology was a lifelong interest for C.G. Jung and an important aid in his formulation of psyche and psychic process. Archetypally configured, astrology provided Jung an objective means to a fuller understanding of the analysand's true nature and unique individuation journey. Jung credits astrology with helping to unlock the mystery of alchemy and in so doing providing the symbol language necessary for deciphering the historically remote cosmology of Gnosticism. Astrology also aided Jung's work on synchronicity...
April 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441821/to-be-immortal-do-good-or-evil
#7
Kurt Gray, Stephen Anderson, Cameron M Doyle, Neil Hester, Peter Schmitt, Andrew J Vonasch, Scott T Allison, Joshua C Jackson
Many people believe in immortality, but who is perceived to live on and how exactly do they live on? Seven studies reveal that good- and evil-doers are perceived to possess more immortality-albeit different kinds. Good-doers have "transcendent" immortality, with their souls persisting beyond space and time; evil-doers have "trapped" immortality, with their souls persisting on Earth, bound to a physical location. Studies 1 to 4 reveal bidirectional links between perceptions of morality and type of immortality...
February 1, 2018: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434562/latent-profile-analysis-of-schizotypy-and-paranormal-belief-associations-with-probabilistic-reasoning-performance
#8
Andrew Denovan, Neil Dagnall, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker
This study assessed the extent to which within-individual variation in schizotypy and paranormal belief influenced performance on probabilistic reasoning tasks. A convenience sample of 725 non-clinical adults completed measures assessing schizotypy (Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences; O-Life brief), belief in the paranormal (Revised Paranormal Belief Scale; RPBS) and probabilistic reasoning (perception of randomness, conjunction fallacy, paranormal perception of randomness, and paranormal conjunction fallacy)...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402179/the-moderating-effect-of-mental-toughness-perception-of-risk-and-belief-in-the-paranormal
#9
Kenneth Drinkwater, Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Andrew Parker
This research demonstrates that higher levels of mental toughness provide cognitive-perceptual processing advantages when evaluating risk. No previous research, however, has examined mental toughness in relation to perception of risk and paranormal belief (a variable associated with distorted perception of causality and elevated levels of perceived risk). Accordingly, the present paper investigated relationships between these factors. A sample of 174 participants completed self-report measures assessing mental toughness, general perception of risk, and paranormal belief...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385184/a-short-educational-intervention-diminishes-causal-illusions-and-specific-paranormal-beliefs-in-undergraduates
#10
Itxaso Barberia, Elisabet Tubau, Helena Matute, Javier Rodríguez-Ferreiro
Cognitive biases such as causal illusions have been related to paranormal and pseudoscientific beliefs and, thus, pose a real threat to the development of adequate critical thinking abilities. We aimed to reduce causal illusions in undergraduates by means of an educational intervention combining training-in-bias and training-in-rules techniques. First, participants directly experienced situations that tend to induce the Barnum effect and the confirmation bias. Thereafter, these effects were explained and examples of their influence over everyday life were provided...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379631/validation-of-the-paranormal-health-beliefs-scale-for-adults
#11
Anna Rosa Donizzetti, Giovanna Petrillo
We present the validation study of the Paranormal Health Beliefs Scale adult version, aimed to measure illusory beliefs about health. The scale was administered to 643 participants (54.3% females), having an average age of 29.7 years (standard deviation = 18.31). The results of the analyses confirmed the dimensions of the Paranormal Health Beliefs Scale as developed in the previous adolescent study (Beliefs: Religious, Superstitious, in Extraordinary Events, Parapsychological, and Pseudo-scientific of a biomedical nature), as well as the convergent and discriminant validity through the correlation with other constructs (locus of control and self-efficacy)...
July 2017: Health Psychology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314029/c-g-jung-and-intuition-from-the-mindscape-of-the-paranormal-to-the-heart-of-psychology
#12
Nathalie Pilard
Intuition is central in the work, practice, and philosophical legacy of C. G. Jung. In this paper, I will first discuss the importance of intuition for Jung in the paradigm usually designated the 'paranormal'. Jung was attracted to intuition as an extra-ordinary gift or function in the traditional sense, and this is considered here in relation to his 1896-1899 Zofingia Lectures and 1902 On the Psychology and Pathology of So-called Occult Phenomena: A Psychiatric Study. A significant development then occurred in 1913, when esotericist intuitions were turned toward psychological use with Jung's Red Book...
February 2018: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032111/paranormal-belief-and-errors-of-probabilistic-reasoning-the-role-of-constituent-conditional-relatedness-in-believers-susceptibility-to-the-conjunction-fallacy
#13
Paul Rogers, John E Fisk, Emma Lowrie
The present study examines the extent to which stronger belief in either extrasensory perception, psychokinesis or life-after-death is associated with a proneness to making conjunction errors (CEs). One hundred and sixty members of the UK public read eight hypothetical scenarios and for each estimated the likelihood that two constituent events alone plus their conjunction would occur. The impact of paranormal belief plus constituents' conditional relatedness type, estimates of the subjectively less likely and more likely constituents plus relevant interaction terms tested via three Generalized Linear Mixed Models...
October 12, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018398/an-assessment-of-the-dimensionality-and-factorial-structure-of-the-revised-paranormal-belief-scale
#14
Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Denovan, Neil Dagnall, Andrew Parker
Since its introduction, the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale (RPBS) has developed into a principal measure of belief in the paranormal. Accordingly, the RPBS regularly appears within parapsychological research. Despite common usage, academic debates continue to focus on the factorial structure of the RPBS and its psychometric integrity. Using an aggregated heterogeneous sample ( N = 3,764), the present study tested the fit of 10 factorial models encompassing variants of the most commonly proposed solutions (seven, five, two, and one-factor) plus new bifactor alternatives...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964712/strange-face-illusions-during-interpersonal-gazing-and-personality-differences-of-spirituality
#15
Giovanni B Caputo
Strange-face illusions are produced when two individuals gaze at each other in the eyes in low illumination for more than a few minutes. Usually, the members of the dyad perceive numinous apparitions, like the other's face deformations and perception of a stranger or a monster in place of the other, and feel a short lasting dissociation. In the present experiment, the influence of the spirituality personality trait on strength and number of strange-face illusions was investigated. Thirty participants were preliminarily tested for superstition (Paranormal Belief Scale, PBS) and spirituality (Spiritual Transcendence Scale, STS); then, they were randomly assigned to 15 dyads...
November 2017: Explore: the Journal of Science and Healing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936192/the-intricate-relationship-between-psychotic-like-experiences-and-associated-subclinical-symptoms-in-healthy-individuals
#16
Lui Unterrassner, Thomas A Wyss, Diana Wotruba, Helene Haker, Wulf Rössler
The interplay between subclinical psychotic, negative, and affective symptoms has gained increased attention regarding the etiology of psychosis spectrum and other mental disorders. Importantly, research has tended to not differentiate between different subtypes of psychotic-like experiences (PLE) although they may not have the same significance for mental health. In order to gain information on the subclinical interplay between specific PLE and other symptoms as well as the significance of PLE for mental health, we investigated their specific associations in 206 healthy individuals (20-60 years, 73 females) using correlational and linear regression analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783090/validation-study-of-italian-version-of-inventory-for-d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vu-experiences-assessment-i-idea-a-screening-tool-to-detect-d%C3%A3-j%C3%A3-vu-phenomenon-in-italian-healthy-individuals
#17
Laura Mumoli, Giovanni Tripepi, Umberto Aguglia, Antonio Augimeri, Rossella Baggetta, Francesca Bisulli, Antonella Bruni, Salvatore M Cavalli, Alfredo D'Aniello, Ornella Daniele, Carlo Di Bonaventura, Giancarlo Di Gennaro, Jinane Fattouch, Edoardo Ferlazzo, Alessandra Ferrari, Annateresa Giallonardo, Sara Gasparini, Salvatore Nigro, Andrea Romigi, Vito Sofia, Paolo Tinuper, Maria Grazia Vaccaro, Leila Zummo, Aldo Quattrone, Antonio Gambardella, Angelo Labate
The Inventory Déjà Vu Experiences Assessment (IDEA) is the only screening instrument proposed to evaluate the Déjà vu (DV) experience. Here, we intended to validate the Italian version of IDEA (I-IDEA) and at the same time to investigate the incidence and subjective qualities of the DV phenomenon in healthy Italian adult individuals on basis of an Italian multicentre observational study. In this study, we report normative data on the I-IDEA, collected on a sample of 542 Italian healthy subjects aging between 18-70 years (average age: 40) with a formal educational from 1-19 years...
August 7, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691055/handling-hybrid-and-missing-data-in-constraint-based-causal-discovery-to-study-the-etiology-of-adhd
#18
Elena Sokolova, Daniel von Rhein, Jilly Naaijen, Perry Groot, Tom Claassen, Jan Buitelaar, Tom Heskes
Causal discovery is an increasingly important method for data analysis in the field of medical research. In this paper, we consider two challenges in causal discovery that occur very often when working with medical data: a mixture of discrete and continuous variables and a substantial amount of missing values. To the best of our knowledge, there are no methods that can handle both challenges at the same time. In this paper, we develop a new method that can handle these challenges based on the assumption that data are missing at random and that continuous variables obey a non-paranormal distribution...
2017: International Journal of Data Science and Analytics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683360/psychics-aliens-or-experience-using-the-anomalistic-belief-scale-to-examine-the-relationship-between-type-of-belief-and-probabilistic-reasoning
#19
Toby Prike, Michelle M Arnold, Paul Williamson
A growing body of research has shown people who hold anomalistic (e.g., paranormal) beliefs may differ from nonbelievers in their propensity to make probabilistic reasoning errors. The current study explored the relationship between these beliefs and performance through the development of a new measure of anomalistic belief, called the Anomalistic Belief Scale (ABS). One key feature of the ABS is that it includes a balance of both experiential and theoretical belief items. Another aim of the study was to use the ABS to investigate the relationship between belief and probabilistic reasoning errors on conjunction fallacy tasks...
August 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642726/urban-legends-and-paranormal-beliefs-the-role-of-reality-testing-and-schizotypy
#20
Neil Dagnall, Andrew Denovan, Kenneth Drinkwater, Andrew Parker, Peter J Clough
Recent research suggests that unconventional beliefs are locatable within a generic anomalous belief category. This notion derives from the observation that apparently dissimilar beliefs share fundamental, core characteristics (i.e., contradiction of orthodox scientific understanding of the universe and defiance of conventional understanding of reality). The present paper assessed the supposition that anomalous beliefs were conceptually similar and explicable via common psychological processes by comparing relationships between discrete beliefs [endorsement of urban legends (ULs) and belief in the paranormal] and cognitive-perceptual personality measures [proneness to reality testing (RT) and schizotypy]...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
keyword
keyword
36288
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"