keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

LUNG CANCER, MEDIASTINAL TUMOR

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206951/missed-lung-cancer-when-where-and-why
#1
Annemilia Del Ciello, Paola Franchi, Andrea Contegiacomo, Giuseppe Cicchetti, Lorenzo Bonomo, Anna Rita Larici
Missed lung cancer is a source of concern among radiologists and an important medicolegal challenge. In 90% of the cases, errors in diagnosis of lung cancer occur on chest radiographs. It may be challenging for radiologists to distinguish a lung lesion from bones, pulmonary vessels, mediastinal structures, and other complex anatomical structures on chest radiographs. Nevertheless, lung cancer can also be overlooked on computed tomography (CT) scans, regardless of the context, either if a clinical or radiological suspect exists or for other reasons...
February 16, 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176005/prognosis-of-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-pulmonary-metastasectomy-in-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-lung-metastases-an-analysis-of-154-cases
#2
Fenghao Sun, Li Chen, Mengkun Shi, Xiaodong Yang, Ming Li, Xinyu Yang, Xiyu Dai, Cheng Zhan, Yu Shi, Qun Wang
PURPOSE: Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is widely used in thoracic surgery and increasingly applied to pulmonary metastasectomy. The purpose of this study was to identify prognostic factors of patients undergoing VATS pulmonary metastasectomy from colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: Between January 2005 and June 2015, a total of 154 patients underwent VATS pulmonary metastasectomy from CRC. Patient demographic data and characteristics of the primary tumor and pulmonary metastasis were analyzed to identify factors significantly correlated with prognosis...
February 7, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174385/-long-term-complete-response-in-postoperative-multiple-lung-and-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastases-of-esophageal-cancer-using-systemic-chemotherapy-with-dcf-treatment-a-case-report
#3
Chihiro Katsumi, Takeo Bamba, Satoru Nakagawa, Masaki Aizawa, Atsushi Matsuki, Hiroshi Yabusaki, Keiichi Homma
A 59-year-old man was diagnosed with advanced thoracic esophageal cancer.He underwent neoadjuvant chemotherapy with cisplatin(CDDP), 5-fluorouracil(5-FU)(CF)followed by transthoracic esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy. Histopathological examination revealed that the tumor was poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma invading the adventitia with 6 regional lymph node metastases.Four months after surgery, follow-up thoracic computed tomography (CT)showed multiple lung and mediastinal lymph node metastases...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174383/-a-case-of-synchronous-double-cancer-of-the-lung-and-stomach-that-responded-to-cisplatin-and-s-1-combination-chemotherapy
#4
Tomohide Sugiyama, Takashi Kasai, Yoichi Nakamura, Yukari Kamiyama, Kiyoshi Mori
A 55-year-old man experienced weight loss, as noted by a physician who was examining him for hypertension. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a tumor lesion with an ulcer on the posterior wall of the greater curvature. A biopsy confirmed the presence of an adenocarcinoma(HER2 negative), and demonstrated enlarged para-aortic lymph nodes. Thus, stage IV type 3 ulcer infiltration-type gastric cancer was diagnosed. Computed tomography was included in the examination, and demonstrated nodular shadows in the right lower lobe and enlarged mediastinal nodes, as well as bilateral multiple granular shadows...
January 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152555/stent-implantation-for-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-of%C3%A2-malignant-cause
#5
Felix A Büstgens, Reinhard Loose, Joachim H Ficker, Michael Wucherer, Michael Uder, Ralf Adamus
Purpose The purpose of this paper is the retrospective analysis of endovascular therapy for the treatment of superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS) of malignant cause. This study focuses on the effectiveness of the therapy regarding the duration of remission, symptom control and practicability. Materials and Methods From January 2003 to November 2012, therapeutic implantation of one or more stents was performed in 141 patients suffering from SVCS. The medical history was retrospectively researched using digitalized patient files...
February 2, 2017: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149548/safety-and-feasibility-of-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Junqiang Fan, Jie Yao, Qi Wang, Zhibo Chang
BACKGROUND: Conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) lobectomy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a feasible and safe surgery in high-volume centers with significant VATS experience. Uniportal VATS lobectomy has been recently been reported to be a promising, less invasive approach. The purpose of this study is to explore the safety and feasibility of uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (U-VATS) for the treatment of patients with locally advanced NSCLC...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140453/lung-cancer-major-changes-in-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-eighth-edition-cancer-staging-manual
#7
Ramón Rami-Porta, Hisao Asamura, William D Travis, Valerie W Rusch
Answer questions and earn CME/CNE The revision for the eighth edition of the tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) classification of lung cancer was based on analyses of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer database, which included 77,156 evaluable patients diagnosed with lung cancer from 1999 to 2010. Among tumor (T) descriptors, the following new tumor-size groups were created: T1a, ≤1 cm; T1b, >1 to 2 cm; T1c, >2 to 3 cm; T2a, >3 to 4 cm; T2b, >4 to 5 cm; T3, >5 to 7 cm; and T4, >7 cm...
January 31, 2017: CA: a Cancer Journal for Clinicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130707/topography-of-the-sentinel-node-according-to-the-affected-lobe-in-lung-cancer
#8
J M Galbis-Caravajal, A Lafuente-Sanchis, M Estors-Guerrero, N Martinez-Hernández, C Fuster-Diana, A Cremades, Á Zúñiga
PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to describe the anatomic location of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) of patients with lung carcinoma and to analyze its relationship with the characteristics of the tumor. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 98 Stage I lung cancer patients were included in the study. SLN was marked just after performing the thoracotomy by injecting peritumorally 0.25 mCi of nanocolloid of albumin (Nanocol1) labeled with Tc-99 m in 0.3 ml, and later, it was resected...
January 27, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130689/comparison-of-machine-learning-methods-for-classifying-mediastinal-lymph-node-metastasis-of-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-from-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-images
#9
Hongkai Wang, Zongwei Zhou, Yingci Li, Zhonghua Chen, Peiou Lu, Wenzhi Wang, Wanyu Liu, Lijuan Yu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare one state-of-the-art deep learning method and four classical machine learning methods for classifying mediastinal lymph node metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) from (18)F-FDG PET/CT images. Another objective was to compare the discriminative power of the recently popular PET/CT texture features with the widely used diagnostic features such as tumor size, CT value, SUV, image contrast, and intensity standard deviation. The four classical machine learning methods included random forests, support vector machines, adaptive boosting, and artificial neural network...
December 2017: EJNMMI Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125698/late-course-adaptive-adjustment-based-on-metabolic-tumor-volume-changes-during-radiotherapy-may-reduce-radiation-toxicity-in-patients-with-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Linlin Xiao, Ning Liu, Guifang Zhang, Hui Zhang, Song Gao, Zheng Fu, Suzhen Wang, Qingxi Yu, Jinming Yu, Shuanghu Yuan
To reduce the high risk of radiation toxicity and enhance the quality of life of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), we quantified the metabolic tumor volumes (MTVs) from baseline to the late-course of radiotherapy (RT) by fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography computerized tomography (FDG PET-CT) and discussed the potential benefit of late-course adaptive plans rather than original plans by dose volume histogram (DVH) comparisons. Seventeen patients with stage II-III NSCLC who were treated with definitive conventionally fractionated RT were eligible for this prospective study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110489/video-assisted-laser-resection-of-lung-metastases-feasibility-of-a-new-surgical-technique
#11
Christian Meyer, Detlef Bartsch, Nikolas Mirow, Andreas Kirschbaum
Background Our pilot study describes our initial experience to do a laser resection of lung metastases under video-assisted thoracoscopic control via a minithoracotomy. With this approach, if needed, mediastinal lymphadenectomy is also possible. Methods In this study, 15 patients (11 men and 4 women, mean age: 60 years) with resectable lung metastases of different solid primary tumors (colorectal cancer in seven patients, melanoma in three patients, renal cell carcinoma in two patients, and one each with oropharyngeal cancer, breast cancer, and seminoma) were included...
January 22, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109572/subcarinal-lymph-nodes-should-be-dissected-in-all-lobectomies-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-regardless-of-primary-tumor-location
#12
Jens Eckardt, Erik Jakobsen, Peter B Licht
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal staging is of paramount importance for planning of treatment in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Single institution reports recently claimed that subcarinal lymph node dissection during resection of upper lobe NSCLC could be spared. We used a complete national lung cancer registry to investigate patterns of unsuspected mediastinal lymph node involvement after lobectomy. METHODS: During an 11-year period (2004 to 2014) 5,577 consecutive patients who underwent operations for NSCLC were investigated for unsuspected mediastinal lymph node involvement (N2 disease) discovered at final histopathology...
January 18, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029320/pulmonary-infiltrates-in-a-patient-with-advanced-melanoma
#13
Charles A Powell
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991022/-minimal-invasive-esophageal-resection-with-anastomosis-on-the-neck-mckeown-our-experiences-after-20-cases
#14
Elemér Mohos, Attila Nagy, György Szabados, György Réti, Tamás Kovács, Zoltán Jánó, Csaba Berki, József Mohay, Lóránt Szabó, Krisztina Bene, Gábor Bognár, Myroslav Horzov, Petra Mohos, Gábor Sándor, Gábor Tornai, Péter Szenkovits, Tibor Nagy, Csaba Orbán, Vivien Herpai
OBJECTIVE: Esophageal resection is a traumatic intervention usually performed on patients with poor condition, resulting high mortality and morbidity. To improve the high incidence of complications, minimal invasive interventions were introduced. The results of the thoracoscopically and laparoscopically performed esophageal resection (McKeown) was investigated after 20 cases and the technical details of the surgical intervention are presented. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 20 thoracoscopic esophageal resection with laparoscopic gastric tube formation (sec...
December 2016: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942412/surgical-management-of-oligometastatic-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Nuria M Novoa, Gonzalo Varela, Marcelo F Jiménez
The oligometastatic stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) offers a new surgical opportunity. New reported data is showing that surgery can offer a reasonable benefit, in terms of long-term survival, to some patients. The advantages of surgical treatment rely on a more adequate patient selection and a better understanding of the biology of these tumors. Currently, mediastinal involvement of the primary tumor can be identified as the most important prognostic variable after curative-intent of synchronous or metachronous metastasis...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942411/surgery-for-lung-cancer-invading-the-mediastinum
#16
REVIEW
Adnan M Al-Ayoubi, Raja M Flores
Lung cancer infiltrating the mediastinum is a subset of locally advanced lung tumors for which surgery is not routinely offered. Radical operations that involve removal of adjacent mediastinal structures to obtain free margins may provide a realistic cure. Such extended resections are typically reserved to highly motivated patients seeking more aggressive management, and are only offered following complete evaluation on a case-by-case basis. Positive prognosis depends on complete R0 resection and lack of mediastinal nodal metastases...
November 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935768/hypertrophic-osteoarthropathy-clinical-and-imaging-features
#17
Felix Y Yap, Matthew R Skalski, Dakshesh B Patel, Aaron J Schein, Eric A White, Anderanik Tomasian, Sulabha Masih, George R Matcuk
Hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (HOA) is a medical condition characterized by abnormal proliferation of skin and periosteal tissues involving the extremities and characterized by three clinical features: digital clubbing (also termed Hippocratic fingers), periostosis of tubular bones, and synovial effusions. HOA can be a primary entity, known as pachydermoperiostosis, or can be secondary to extraskeletal conditions, with different prognoses and management implications for each. There is a high association between secondary HOA and malignancy, especially non-small cell lung cancer...
January 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931198/fdg-pet-parameters-predicting-mediastinal-malignancy-in-lung-cancer
#18
M Serra Fortuny, M Gallego, Ll Berna, C Montón, L Vigil, M J Masdeu, A Fernández-Villar, M I Botana, R Cordovilla, R García-Luján, E Cases, E Monsó
BACKGROUND: Staging of mediastinal lymph nodes in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is mandatory. The maximum Standard Uptake Value (SUVmax) obtained using F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is the best non-invasive technique available for this evaluation, but its performance varies from center to center. The aim of the present study was to identify FDG-PET predictors of mediastinal malignancy that are able to minimize intercenter variability and improve the selection of subsequent staging procedures...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924778/evaluation-of-anterior-mediastinal-solid-tumors-by-ct-perfusion-a-preliminary-study
#19
Selim Bakan, Sedat Giray Kandemirli, Atilla Süleyman Dikici, Ezel Erşen, Onur Yıldırım, Cesur Samancı, Şebnem Batur, Deniz Çebi Olgun, Fatih Kantarcı, Canan Akman
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the role of computed tomography (CT) perfusion in differentiation of thymoma from thymic hyperplasia, lymphoma, thymic carcinoma, and lung cancer invading anterior mediastinum. METHODS: In this study, 25 patients with an anterior mediastinal lesion underwent CT perfusion imaging from January 2015 to February 2016. Diagnoses included thymoma (n=7), thymic hyperplasia (n=8), lymphoma (n=4), thymic carcinoma (n=3), and invasive lung cancer (n=3)...
January 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912833/treatment-of-locally-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Kit Tam, Megan Daly, Karen Kelly
Locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer is a heterogeneous disease with typically poor outcomes. Select patients may benefit from the integration of surgery, whereas patients with bulky, multistation, or contralateral (N3) mediastinal involvement are managed with definitive chemoradiation. Attempts to improve outcomes through induction, consolidation, or maintenance chemotherapy or radiation dose escalation have not demonstrated a survival benefit. Current research efforts focus on the integration of novel systemic agents that exploit tumor-specific driver mutations, augment antitumor immune response, or enhance radiation sensitivity...
February 2017: Hematology/oncology Clinics of North America
keyword
keyword
36283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"