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coronary stent;PCI

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711588/a-framework-for-computational-fluid-dynamic-analyses-of-patient-specific-stented-coronary-arteries-from-optical-coherence-tomography-images
#1
Susanna Migliori, Claudio Chiastra, Marco Bologna, Eros Montin, Gabriele Dubini, Cristina Aurigemma, Roberto Fedele, Francesco Burzotta, Luca Mainardi, Francesco Migliavacca
The clinical challenge of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) is highly dependent on the recognition of the coronary anatomy of each individual. The classic imaging modality used for PCI is angiography, but advanced imaging techniques that are routinely performed during PCI, like optical coherence tomography (OCT), may provide detailed knowledge of the pre-intervention vessel anatomy as well as the post-procedural assessment of the specific stent-to-vessel interactions. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is an emerging investigational tool in the setting of optimization of PCI results...
July 12, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710605/current-clinical-applications-of-coronary-optical-coherence-tomography
#2
REVIEW
Teruyoshi Kume, Shiro Uemura
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an intra-coronary diagnostic technique that provides detailed imagings of blood vessels in the current cardiac catheterization laboratory. The higher resolution of OCT often provides superior delineation of each structure compared with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and it can reliably visualize the microstructure of normal and diseased arteries. The capabilities of OCT are well suited for the identification of calcified plaque and neointima formation after stent implantation...
July 14, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707440/everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-can-we-absorb-the-risk-in-complex-pci
#3
EDITORIAL
Firas Zahr, Joaquin E Cigarroa
BVS, as compared with DES, have higher stent thrombosis (ST) rates. BVS may prove reasonable in patients with complex anatomy. Future trials will be necessary to guide clinicians regarding whether BVS are equivalent to DES in patients with noncomplex or complex coronary anatomy.
July 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707379/three-and-6-month-optical-coherence-tomographic-surveillance-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-the-angiolite%C3%A2-drug-eluting-stent-the-anchor-study
#4
Rishi Puri, Imanol Otaegui, Manel Sabaté, Antonio Serra-Peñaranda, Marti Puigfel, Armando Perez de Prado, Luis Nombela-Franco, Jose M de la Torre Hernandez, Rosario Ortas Nadal, Andres Iniguez-Romo, Gustavo Jiménez, Felipe Fernandez-Vazquez, Carlos Cuellas-Ramon, Nieves Gonzalo, Victor Alfonso Jiménez Diaz, Lluis Duocastella, Maria Molina, Marc Amoros, Isabel Perez, Alberto Barria Perez, Emilie Pelletier Beaumont, Stephen J Nicholls, Bruno Garcia Del Blanco, Josep Rodés-Cabau
BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical results of a novel open-cell, thin strut, durable polymer, laser cut cobalt chromium sirolimus-eluting stent (Angiolite) were promising. Using quantitative optical coherence tomographic (OCT) analyses, we explored the healing characteristics of the Angiolite DES system at 3- and 6-months post implantation. METHODS: A total of 103 patients with de novo coronary lesions underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with the Angiolite DES and were randomized 1:3 into two cohorts for angiographic and OCT follow-up, with 28 and 70 patients returning for 3- or 6-month post-PCI surveillance, respectively...
July 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705057/applicability-and-procedural-success-rate-of-bioresorbable-vascular-scaffolds-for-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-an-all-comer-cohort-of-383-consecutive-patients
#5
Christian Schlundt, Stephan Achenbach, Fabiola Felten, Jens Roether, Mohamed Marwan, Holger Nef, Josef Ludwig, Monique Tröbs
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine applicability and procedural success of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BVS) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in an all-comer cohort. Background BVS use in bifurcations and severely calcified lesions is not recommended, and a relatively large crossing profile may cause limitations. It is has never been studied how widely BVS can be applied in all-comer cohorts. Methods In 383 consecutive patients (acute coronary syndrome: 124, stable coronary disease 259), a BVS (Absorb) was used as first-line device unless any of the following contraindications were present: bifurcation with side branch >2...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700965/inhibitory-effects-of-asp6537-a-selective-cyclooxygenase-1-inhibitor-on-thrombosis-and-neointima-formation-in-rats
#6
Chinatsu Sakata, Tomihisa Kawasaki, Yoshiyuki Iwatsuki, Yumiko Moritani, Yoshiaki Morita, Hideaki Hara
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs), such as balloon angioplasty and stent placement, are effective in the treatment of coronary artery disease. PCI has drawbacks, however, including acute thrombosis after the procedure and restenosis of the vascular lumen due to abnormal neointimal hyperplasia. ASP6537 is a selective COX-1 inhibitor that has been investigated as a possible candidate for clinical development as an antiplatelet agent. In the present study, we evaluated the in vivo antithrombotic effect of ASP6537 and its effect on neointima formation after balloon angioplasty...
July 2, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700477/application-of-the-syntax-score-in-interventional-cardiology-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Yashna Sookharee, Anita Bholee, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Should the SYNTAX score be integrated in Interventional Cardiology? Should it really be considered as a vital decision-making tool in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)? To confirm the importance of this score, we aimed to systematically compare the postinterventional adverse cardiovascular outcomes which were observed in patients who were allotted a low versus a high SYNTAX score. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials and observational studies which were published from January 2007 to January 2017 were identified from MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane databases using the searched terms 'SYNTAX score and percutaneous coronary intervention...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697726/successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-the-setting-of-an-aberrant-left-coronary-artery-arising-from-the-right-coronary-cusp-in-a-patient-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Jung-Hee Lee, Jong-Seon Park
BACKGROUND: An aberrant origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from the right coronary cusp (RCC) is an extremely rare congenital anomaly. We here report on successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in a patient presenting with acute coronary syndrome and an aberrant origin of the LCA from the RCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old man presented at our emergency department with recurrent resting chest pain. Following unsuccessful attempts at visualizing the left coronary artery using Judkins left and Amplatz catheters, an aortogram using a pigtail catheter suggested anomalous left coronary artery origin and showed a significant occlusive lesion at proximal left anterior descending artery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685714/comparison-of-efficacy-and-safety-between-first-and-second-generation-drug-eluting-stents-in-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-disease-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#9
Ru Liu, Fei Xiong, Yuan Wen, Yuan-Liang Ma, Yi Yao, Zhan Gao, Bo Xu, Yue-Jin Yang, Shu-Bin Qiao, Run-Lin Gao, Jin-Qing Yuan
BACKGROUND: Lots of trials demonstrate that second-generation drug-eluting stents (G2-DES), with their improved properties, offer significantly superior efficacy and safety profiles compared to first generation DES (G1-DES) for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). This study aimed to verify the advantage of G2-DES over G1-DES in Chinese patients with stable CAD (SCAD). METHODS: For this retrospective observational analysis, 2709 SCAD patients with either G1-DES (n = 863) or G2-DES (n = 1846) were enrolled consecutively throughout 2013...
July 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685314/conformability-in-everolimus-eluting-bioresorbable-scaffolds-compared-with-metal-platform-coronary-stents-in-long-lesions
#10
Jiang Ming Fam, Yuki Ishibashi, Cordula Felix, Bu Chun Zhang, Roberto Diletti, Nicolas van Mieghem, Evelyn Regar, Ron van Domburg, Yoshinobu Onuma, Robert-Jan van Geuns
The aim of this study was to determine if there are significant differences in curvature of the treated vessel after the deployment of a polymeric BRS or MPS in long lesions. The impact of long polymeric bioresorbable scaffolds (BRS) compared with metallic platform stents (MPS) on vessel curvature is unknown. This retrospective study compares 32 patients who received a single everolimus-eluting BRS with 32 patients treated with a single MPS of 28 mm. Quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) was used to evaluate curvature of the treatment and peri-treatment region before and after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)...
July 6, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683937/demonstration-of-the-safety-and-feasibility-of-robotically-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in%C3%A2-complex-coronary-lesions-results-of-the-cora-pci-study-complex-robotically-assisted%C3%A2-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#11
Ehtisham Mahmud, Jesse Naghi, Lawrence Ang, Jonathan Harrison, Omid Behnamfar, Ali Pourdjabbar, Ryan Reeves, Mitul Patel
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to evaluate the feasibility and technical success of robotically assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (R-PCI) for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in clinical practice, especially in complex lesions, and to determine the safety and clinical success of R-PCI compared with manual percutaneous coronary intervention (M-PCI). BACKGROUND: R-PCI is safe and feasible for simple coronary lesions. The utility of R-PCI for complex coronary lesions is unknown...
July 10, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678143/mortality-of-patients-with-previous-stroke-undergoing-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#12
Se Hun Kang, Cheol Whan Lee, Jung-Bok Lee, Pil Hyung Lee, Jung-Min Ahn, Duk-Woo Park, Soo-Jin Kang, Seung-Whan Lee, Young-Hak Kim, Seong-Wook Park, Seung-Jung Park
OBJECTIVE: Patients with previous stroke are increasing among patients receiving percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with drug-eluting stents (DES); however, data about the influence of previous stroke on patient outcomes are limited. We evaluated whether previous stroke is associated with increased risk for mortality in coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 18 650 patients with coronary artery disease undergoing PCI with DES were enrolled...
July 3, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673761/primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-as-treatment-for-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-a-centenarian-choosing-carefully
#13
Justin M Cloutier, Shelley Zieroth, Basem Elbarouni
We report on a 105-year-old woman presenting with inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). She was managed with primary percutaneous intervention (PCI) to the right coronary artery with a single bare-metal stent. There were no acute complications, although she experienced delirium and functional decline requiring prolonged hospital admission. She was discharged home and celebrated her 106th birthday. This report describes the oldest centenarian with STEMI found in the literature and managed with PCI...
May 8, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673736/everolimus-eluting-stent-vs-first-generation-drug-eluting-stent-in-primary-angioplasty-a-pooled-patient-level-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#14
Giuseppe De Luca, Peter Smits, Sjoerd H Hofma, Emilio Di Lorenzo, Georgios J Vlachojannis, Arnoud W J Van't Hof, Ad J van Boven, Elvin Kedhi, Gregg W Stone, Harry Suryapranata
BACKGROUND: Several concerns have emerged about the higher risk of very late stent thrombosis (ST) with first generation drug-eluting stent (DES) especially among STEMI patients. Newer generation DES has demonstrated to reduce ST at mid-term follow-up. Therefore, the aim of the present study is to perform an individual patient's data meta-analysis of trials comparing 1st generation DES vs. 2nd generation DES (everolimus-eluting stent, EES) in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for STEMI...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672766/the-value-of-peripheral-blood-eosinophil-count-in-predicting-in-stent-restenosis-in-patients-with-stable-angina-pectoris-undergoing-drug-eluting-stenting
#15
Reza Hajizadeh, Samad Ghaffari, Ahmad Separham, Behrouz Shokouhi, Hadiseh Kavandi, Leili Pourafkari, Nader D Nader
INTRODUCTION: In-stent restenosis (ISR) remains a major limitation of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A role for peripheral blood cells as major regulators of immune and inflammatory systems has been proposed. We aim to evaluate the relationship between eosinophil count and development of restenosis after drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation. METHODS: In this prospective study, all consecutive patients undergoing elective DES implantation for chronic stable angina (CSA) in a university-affiliated heart center within a 6-month period were enrolled and followed for another 6 months...
June 23, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670721/age-is-not-a-bar-to-pci-insights-from-the-long-term-outcomes-from-off-site-pci-in-a-real-world-setting
#16
Robert T Gerber, Satpal S Arri, Mohamed O Mohamed, Gurpreet Dhillon, Alykhan Bandali, Idris Harding, Jeremy Gifford, Belinda Sandler, Ben Corbo, Eric McWilliams
OBJECTIVES: We sought to analyze the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) outcomes of very elderly patients (V. Eld. group, age >80 years) and compare their outcomes to a less elderly cohort (Eld. group, age 75-80 years) traditionally reported in the literature. BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on peri-procedural and long-term outcomes following PCI in the V. Eld. (age >80 years), with under-representation of this cohort in randomized controlled trials. These patients present with advanced complex coronary disease and multiple comorbidities...
July 2, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663763/long-term-outcomes-of-pci-vs-cabg-for-ostial-midshaft-lesions-in-unprotected-left-main-coronary-artery
#17
Cheng-Long Guo, Xian-Peng Yu, Bang-Guo Yang, Meng-Meng Li, Ji-Qiang He, Quan Li, Cheng-Xiong Gu, Shu-Zheng Lyu, Jian-Zeng Dong
BACKGROUND: There are limited data on long-term (> 5 years) outcomes of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation compared with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for ostial/midshaft left main coronary artery (LMCA) lesions. METHODS: Of the 259 consecutive patients in Beijing Anzhen Hospital with ostial/midshaft LMCA lesions, 149 were treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with DES and 110 were with CABG. The endpoints of the study were death, repeat revascularization, myocardial infarction (MI), stroke, the composite of cardiac death, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE, the composite of cardiac death, MI, stroke or repeat revascularization)...
April 2017: Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647998/-analysis-of-optical-coherence-tomography-of-early-and-very-late-stent-restenosis-after-drug-eluting-stent-implantation
#18
Z J Liu, B Shi, C C Deng, G X Xu, R Z Zhao, C Y Shen, Z L Wang, H L Liu
Objective: Using optical coherence tomography (OCT) to analyze the morphological characteristics of lesions between early in-stent restenosis (E-ISR) and very late in-stent restenosis (VL-ISR) after drug-eluting stents (DES) implantation. Methods: In 25 patients (DES) with ISR, OCT images were acquired before percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), the morphological characteristics of E-ISR (<1 years, n=14) and VL-ISR (>3 years, n=11) were compared.The quantitative and qualitative analysis of the entire stent and the minimum lumen area (MLA) site were carried out respectively...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647440/optimal-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-and-multivessel-disease-an-updated-large-scale-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
An Vu Nguyen, Le Van Thanh, Mohamed Gomaa Kamel, Sara Attia Mahmoud Abdelrahman, Mohamed El-Mekawy, Mohamed Ashraf Mokhtar, Aya Ashraf Ali, Nam Nguyen Nho Hoang, Nguyen Lam Vuong, Fatma Abd-Elshahed Abd-Elhay, Omer Abdelbagi Omer, Ahmed Abdou Mohamed, Kenji Hirayama, Nguyen Tien Huy
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to compare three different percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) approaches: culprit-only (COR) and complete (CR) revascularization - categorizing into immediate (ICR) or staged (SCR). METHODS: We searched 13 databases for randomized controlled trials. Articles were included if they compared at least two strategies. To have more studies in each analysis, an adjusted analysis was performed using person-years to incorporate follow-up durations and obtain pooled rate ratios (RR), with their corresponding 95% confidence interval...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643219/triple-antithrombotic-therapy-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-undergoing-pci-a-fading-role
#20
Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Panagiotis Vlachakis, John Lekakis
Triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT), consisting of aspirin, a P2Y12 receptor antagonist and oral anticoagulant (OAC) medication has been considered as an 'unavoidable' strategy for a 1-12 months for atrial fibrillation (AF) patients post acute coronary syndrome or percutaneous coronary angioplasty with stenting. However, TAT has rather poorly been adopted in real life practice, mainly because of an accompanying increased bleeding potential and lack of definitive results of randomized clinical trials. Several registries, meta-analyses and small randomized trials have so far provided the base of guidelines recommendations...
June 22, 2017: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
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