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Palliative care, end of life care, hospice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639084/early-palliative-care-for-patients-with-hematologic-malignancies-is-it-really-so-difficult-to-achieve
#1
REVIEW
Thomas W LeBlanc, Eric J Roeland, Areej El-Jawahri
Evidence points to many benefits of "early palliative care," the provision of specialist palliative care services upstream from the end of life, to improve patients' quality of life while living with a serious illness. Yet most trials of early palliative care have not included patients with hematologic malignancies. Unfortunately, patients with hematologic malignancies are also known to have substantial illness burden, poor quality of life, and aggressive care at the end of life, including a greater likelihood of dying in the hospital, receiving chemotherapy at the end of life, and low hospice utilization, compared to patients with solid tumors...
June 21, 2017: Current Hematologic Malignancy Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631493/awareness-and-misperceptions-of-hospice-and-palliative-care-a-population-based-survey-study
#2
Ariel Shalev, Veerawat Phongtankuel, Elissa Kozlov, Megan Johnson Shen, Ronald D Adelman, M C Reid
BACKGROUND: Despite the documented benefits of palliative and hospice care on improving patients' quality of life, these services remain underutilized. Multiple factors limit the utilization of these services, including patients' and caregivers' lack of knowledge and misperceptions. OBJECTIVES: To examine palliative and hospice care awareness, misperceptions, and receptivity among community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: New York State residents ≥18 years old who participated in the 2016 Empire State Poll...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627303/the-surprise-question-in-paediatric-palliative-care-a-prospective-cohort-study
#3
Kimberley Burke, Lucy Helen Coombes, Antoinette Menezes, Anna-Karenia Anderson
BACKGROUND: The question 'would you be surprised if this patient died in the next 12-months' is widely used for identifying adult patients in the last year of life. However, this has not yet been studied in children. AIM: To assess the prognostic accuracy of the surprise question when used by a multidisciplinary team to predict survival outcomes of children with life-limiting conditions over a 3 and 12 month period. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623155/care-toward-the-end-of-life-in-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-scoping-review
#4
REVIEW
Diane Erin Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza L Y Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Y K Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng Kiong Yeoh
PURPOSE: To inform health system improvements for care of elderly populations approaching the end of life (EOL) by identifying important elements of care and implementation barriers and facilitators. DESIGN: A scoping review was carried out to identify key themes in EOL care. Articles were identified from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites, and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, and policy documents published between 2005 and 2016...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622348/factors-influencing-practitioner-adoption-of-carer-led-assessment-in-palliative-homecare-a-qualitative-study-of-the-use-of-the-carer-support-needs-assessment-tool-csnat
#5
Lynn Austin, Gail Ewing, Gunn Grande
INTRODUCTION: Informal caregivers play a pivotal role in supporting patients approaching the end of life. The Carer Support Needs Assessment Tool (CSNAT) is designed to facilitate person-centred assessment and support through a process that is practitioner-facilitated, but carer-led. This study explored practitioners' experiences of implementing the CSNAT in palliative homecare. METHODS: We conducted qualitative interviews/focus groups with 20 practitioners in one UK hospice homecare service (18 nurses, two healthcare assistants) before and after the implementation of the CSNAT...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615954/response-to-lipuma-and-demarco-s-article-on-hastening-death
#6
REVIEW
Julia Zenz
The paper "Palliative care and patient autonomy: moving beyond prohibitions against hastening death" by LiPuma and DeMarco deals with an aspect of end of life care which is the source of considerable disagreement. It is important to emphasize that autonomy is not the unique feature for end of life care. There is always a medical and ethical commitment to care, i.e. beneficence and nonmaleficence. All of these aspects have to be taken into account when treating patients at the very end of life. There is considerable scientific proof indicating that most patients and families can experience a death in dignity when being cared for in palliative care or hospice units...
2017: Health Services Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610431/palliative-care-experience-in-the-last-3-months-of-life-a-quantitative-comparison-of-care-provided-in-residential-hospices-hospitals-and-the-home-from-the-perspectives-of-bereaved-caregivers
#7
Daryl Bainbridge, Hsien Seow
OBJECTIVE: This study captured the end-of-life care experiences across various settings from bereaved caregivers of individuals who died in residential hospice. METHODS: A retrospective, observational design using the CaregiverVoice survey with bereaved caregivers of patients in 22 hospices in Ontario, Canada. The survey assessed various dimensions of the patient's care experiences across multiple care settings in the last 3 months of life. RESULTS: A total of 1153 caregivers responded to the survey (44% response rate)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602119/improving-the-quality-of-end-of-life-care-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-through-the-early-implementation-of-palliative-care
#8
Lauren Ranallo
Providing end-of-life care to children with cancer is most ideally achieved by initiating palliative care at the time of diagnosis, advocating for supportive care throughout the treatment trajectory, and implementing hospice care during the terminal phase. The guiding principles behind offering palliative care to pediatric oncology patients are the prioritization of providing holistic care and management of disease-based symptoms. Pediatric hematology-oncology nurses and clinicians have a unique responsibility to support the patient and family unit and foster a sense of hope, while also preparing the family for the prognosis and a challenging treatment trajectory that could result in the child's death...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing: Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590165/the-complex-relationship-between-household-income-of-family-caregivers-access-to-palliative-care-services-and-place-of-death-a-national-household-population-survey
#9
Miriam J Johnson, Victoria Allgar, Hong Chen, Laurie Dunn, Una Macleod, David C Currow
BACKGROUND: Previous work shows that more affluent patients with cancer are more likely to die at home, whereas those dying from non-cancer conditions are more likely to die in hospital. Family caregivers are an important factor in determining place of death. AIM: To investigate associations between family caregivers' household income, patients' access to specialist palliative care and place of patients' death, by level of personal end-of-life care. DESIGN: A cross-sectional community household population survey...
June 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578815/three-years-experience-with-the-first-pediatric-hospice-in-asia
#10
Kohei Ando, Makoto Nabetani, Nobuyuki Yotani, Tatsushi Rin, Hiroyuki Sano
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric hospice has been the adoption of several service provision models in highly developed countries such as UK, Germany, Australia or Canada for a few decades, yet it has seldom been the case in the Asian Continent. This study aimed to evaluate the newest challenge for the children with Life-threatening illness (LTI) and described the characteristic of pediatric palliative care at the first pediatric hospice in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients at our pediatric hospice in these three years was conducted...
May 31, 2017: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574737/preferred-place-of-care-and-death-in-terminally-ill-patients-with-lung-and-heart-disease-compared-to-cancer-patients
#11
Marianne H Skorstengaard, Mette A Neergaard, Pernille Andreassen, Trine Brogaard, Elisabeth Bendstrup, Anders Løkke, Susanne Aagaard, Henrik Wiggers, Per Bech, Anders B Jensen
OBJECTIVES: The dual aim of this study is, first, to describe preferred place of care (PPOC) and preferred place of death (PPOD) in terminally ill patients with lung and heart diseases compared with cancer patients and second, to describe differences in level of anxiety among patients with these diagnoses. BACKGROUND: Previous research on end-of-life preferences focuses on cancer patients, most of whom identify home as their PPOC and PPOD. These preferences may, however, not mirror those of patients suffering from nonmalignant fatal diseases...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562197/improving-end-of-life-care-palliative-care-embedded-in-an-oncology-clinic-specializing-in-targeted-and-immune-based-therapies
#12
David J Einstein, Susan DeSanto-Madeya, Matthew Gregas, Jessica Lynch, David F McDermott, Mary K Buss
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer benefit from early involvement of palliative care. The ideal method of palliative care integration remains to be determined, as does its effectiveness for patients treated with targeted and immune-based therapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied the impact of an embedded palliative care team that saw patients in an academic oncology clinic specializing in targeted and immune-based therapies. Patients seen on a specific day accessed the embedded model, on the basis of automatic criteria; patients seen other days could be referred to a separate palliative care clinic (usual care)...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557875/supporting-the-support-system-how-assessment-and-communication-can-help-patients-and-their-support-systems
#13
Jane Harkey, Jared Young, Jolynne Jo Carter, Michael Demoratz
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: The benefits of having a support system, such as social relationships with close friends and family, have been well documented for patients with serious health issues. As scientific evidence has shown, individuals who have the lowest level of involvement in social relationships face a greater mortality risk. Support systems, however, are not infallible. Relationship stress can have a negative impact on people-patient and caregiver alike-behaviorally, psychosocially, and physiologically...
July 2017: Professional Case Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554221/a-review-of-prognostic-tools-in-heart-failure
#14
Jennifer Treece, Hrak Chemchirian, Neil Hamilton, Manar Jbara, Venkataramanan Gangadharan, Timir Paul, Steven J Baumrucker
A minority of patients with end-stage disease are referred to palliative medicine for consultation in advanced heart failure. Educating stakeholders, including primary care, cardiology, and critical care of the benefits of hospice and palliative medicine for patients with poor prognosis, may increase appropriately timed referrals and improve quality of life for these patients. This article reviews multiple tools useful in prognostication in the setting of advanced heart failure.
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549702/iagg-iagg-garn-international-survey-of-end-of-life-care-in-nursing-homes
#15
Cara L Wallace, Daniel Swagerty, Mario Barbagallo, Bruno Vellas, Heung Bong Cha, Iva Holmerova, Birong Dong, Raymond Koopmans, Alfonso J Cruz-Jentoft, Luis Miguel Gutierrez Robledo, Juan Cuadros Moreno, Ramzi Hajjar, Jean Woo, Hidenori Arai, Jiro Okochi, Renuka Visvanathan, Samia A Abdul-Rahman, Ashish Goel, Andrea Moser, Yves Rolland, Angela M Abbatecola, Marcello Russo, John E Morley
This article reports the findings of a survey on end-of-life (EOL) care in nursing homes of 18 long-term care experts across 15 countries. The experts were chosen as a convenience-based sample of known experts in each country. The survey was administered in 2016 and included both open-ended responses for defining hospice care, palliative care, and "end of life," and a series of questions related to the following areas-attitudes toward EOL care, current practice and EOL interventions, structure of care, and routine barriers...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528421/end-of-life-care-for-glioblastoma-patients-at-a-large-academic-cancer-center
#16
Kamini E Kuchinad, Roy Strowd, Anne Evans, W Anthony Riley, Thomas J Smith
Glioblastoma (GBM) is a universally fatal disease, complicated by significant cognitive and physical disabilities, inherent to the disease course. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively analyze end-of-life care for GBM patients at an academic center and compare utilization of these services to national quality of care guidelines, with the goal of identifying opportunities to improve end-of-life care. Single center retrospective cohort study of GBM patients at Johns Hopkins Hospital (JHH) between 2009 and 2014, using electronic medical records and hospice records...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514908/using-action-learning-sets-to-support-change-in-end-of-life-care
#17
Karen Gillett, Liz Reed, Liz Bryan
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe the delivery of facilitated action learning sets as an integral component of a multidisciplinary end-of-life care course. Design/methodology/approach The educational intervention described in this paper is delivered by specialist palliative care practitioners to those working with dying patients and their families in non-specialist settings. The programme consists of two components: the first taught/experience-based component takes place in a hospice. The second integral component involves action learning sets which are facilitated by specialist palliative care staff over a six-month period...
May 2, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494634/changing-place-of-death-in-children-who-died-after-discharge-from-paediatric-intensive-care-units-a-national-data-linkage-study
#18
Lorna K Fraser, Sarah Fleming, Roger Parslow
BACKGROUND: Although child mortality is decreasing, more than half of all deaths in childhood occur in children with a life-limiting condition whose death may be expected. AIM: To assess trends in place of death and identify characteristics of children who died in the community after discharge from paediatric intensive care unit. DESIGN: National data linkage study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: All children resident in England and Wales when admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit in the United Kingdom (1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014) were identified in the Paediatric Intensive Care Audit Network dataset...
May 1, 2017: Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489813/implementing-a-novel-model-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-in-the-emergency-department-an-experience-from-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-taiwan
#19
Tzu-Chieh Weng, Ya-Chun Yang, Ping-Jen Chen, Wen-Fu Kuo, Wei-Lin Wang, Ya-Ting Ke, Chien-Chin Hsu, Kao-Chang Lin, Chien-Cheng Huang, Hung-Jung Lin
Hospice and palliative care has been recognized as an essential part of emergency medicine; however, there is no consensus on the optimal model for the delivery of hospice and palliative care in the emergency department (ED). Therefore, we conducted a novel implementation in a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. In the preintervention period, we recruited a specialist for hospice and palliative medicine in the ED to lead our intervention. In the early stage of the intervention, starting on July 1, 2014, we encouraged and funded ED physicians and nurses to receive training for hospice and palliative medicine and residents of emergency medicine to rotate to the hospice ward...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485515/consensus-statement-of-the-international-summit-on-intellectual-disability-and-dementia-related-to-end-of-life-care-in-advanced-dementia
#20
Philip McCallion, Mary Hogan, Flavia H Santos, Mary McCarron, Kathryn Service, Sandy Stemp, Seth Keller, Juan Fortea, Kathleen Bishop, Karen Watchman, Matthew P Janicki
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disability are affected by dementia at equivalent and elevated rates, many surviving into advanced age. End of life care and support considerations come into play among these individuals when most are in the advanced stage of dementia. METHODS: A preliminary report summarizing available literature and making initial recommendations was developed by a workgroup, reviewed by all conference participants and then was finalized by the workgroup...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
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