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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918186/health-related-quality-of-life-in-melanoma-patients-impact-of-melanoma-related-limb-lymphoedema
#1
Caroline A Gjorup, Mogens Groenvold, Helle W Hendel, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich
AIM: To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrence-free melanoma patients, with a focus on the association between melanoma-related limb lymphoedema and HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BR23) subscales body image and future perspective, the Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-General subscale social/family well-being and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916957/perspectives-of-women-considering-bilateral-prophylactic-mastectomy-and-their-peers-towards-a-telephone-based-peer-support-intervention
#2
D St-Pierre, K Bouchard, L Gauthier, J Chiquette, Michel Dorval
Prophylactic mastectomy is an effective strategy to reduce the risk of breast cancer for women carrying a BRCA1/2 germline mutation. This decision is complex and may raise various concerns. Women considering this surgery have reported their desire to discuss the implications of this procedure with women who have undergone prophylactic mastectomy. We conducted a qualitative study to describe the topics covered during a telephone-based peer support intervention between women considering prophylactic mastectomy (recipients) and women who had undergone this surgery (peers), and to explore their perspectives regarding the intervention...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915771/low-back-pain-with-impact-at-17-years-of-age-is-predicted-by-early-adolescent-risk-factors-from-multiple-domains-analysis-of-the-western-australian-pregnancy-cohort-raine-study
#3
Anne Smith, Darren Beales, Peter O'Sullivan, Natasha Bear, Leon Straker
Study Design Prospective cohort study of the Western Australian Pregnancy Cohort (Raine) Study. Background Low back pain (LBP) commonly develops in adolescence and is a significant risk factor for adult LBP. A broad range of factors have been associated with the development of adolescent LBP, but prior literature has limitations related to characterisation of LBP and scope of risk factors considered. Objective This study aimed to identify potential factors contributing to the development of LBP with and without impact at 17 years of age, utilising a broad range of exposures at 14...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915430/care-interrupted-poverty-in-migration-and-primary-care-in-rural-resource-towns
#4
Kathleen Rice, Fiona Webster
Internationally, rural people have poorer health outcomes relative to their urban counterparts, and primary care providers face particular challenges in rural and remote regions. Drawing on ethnographic fieldnotes and 14 open-ended qualitative interviews with care providers and chronic pain patients in two remote resource communities in Northern Ontario, Canada, this article examines the challenges involved in providing and receiving primary care for complex chronic conditions in these communities. Both towns struggle with high unemployment in the aftermath of industry closure, and are characterized by an abundance of affordable housing...
September 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915155/social-support-and-pain-outcomes-after-trauma-exposure-among-older-adults-a-multicenter-longitudinal-study
#5
Natalie L Richmond, Michelle L Meyer, Allison G Hollowell, Erin E Isenberg, Robert M Domeier, Robert A Swor, Phyllis L Hendry, David A Peak, Niels K Rathlev, Jeffrey S Jones, David C Lee, Christopher W Jones, Timothy F Platts-Mills
OBJECTIVES: Certain forms of social support have been shown to improve pain coping behaviors and pain outcomes in older adults with chronic pain, but little is known about the effect of social support on pain outcomes in older adults following trauma exposure. METHODS: We analyzed data from a prospective longitudinal study of adults aged 65 years and older presenting to an emergency department (ED) after a motor vehicle collision (MVC) to characterize the relationship between perceived social support and MVC-related pain after trauma overall and by subgroups based on gender, depressive symptoms, and marital status...
September 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913979/physical-pain-increases-interpersonal-trust-in-females
#6
C Wang, J Gao, Y Ma, C Zhu, X-W Dong
BACKGROUND: People behave and interact with others differently when experiencing physical pain. Pain has dramatic effects on one's emotional responses, cognitive functions and social interaction. However, little has been known about whether and how physical pain influences interpersonal trust in social interaction. In the present study, we examined the influence of physical pain on trusting behaviour. METHODS: A total of 112 healthy participants were recruited and assigned to physical pain condition (induced by Capsaicin) and control condition (with hand cream), respectively...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913494/the-public-perception-of-the-anaesthesiologist-in-romania-a-survey
#7
Adela Hilda Onutu, Cristina Rus, Iurie Acalovschi
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that the public perception of anaesthesiologists' duties regarding perioperative management lacks a good understanding. The aim of this study was to assess the public perception of the anaesthesiologist's role before, during and after surgery, in Romania. METHOD: The prospective cross-sectional study was undertaken between January 2015 and August 2016. A questionnaire that comprised 23 questions was uploaded on Google at https://docs...
April 2017: Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910284/caretakers-perspectives-of-paediatric-tb-and-implications-for-care-seeking-behaviours-in-southern-mozambique
#8
Carolina Mindu, Elisa López-Varela, Yara Alonso-Menendez, Yolanda Mausse, Orvalho Joaquim Augusto, Kizito Gondo, Jose Múñoz, Jahit Sacarlal, Alberto L García-Basteiro, Pedro L Alonso, Khátia Munguambe
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important public health concern, especially in poorly resourced settings. TB diagnosis is challenging, particularly for children, who are the most vulnerable to its' impacts. Lack of knowledge and awareness of the disease compromises prompt diagnosis and treatment compliance. OBJECTIVE: To gain insights regarding caretakers' knowledge of the aetiology and prevention of paediatric TB in southern Mozambique, to describe their care-seeking behaviours and to assess the acceptability of diagnostic procedures...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910174/family-and-peer-group-substance-abuse-as-a-risk-factor-for-opioid-misuse-behaviors-for-a-young-adult-with-cancer-related-pain-a-case-study
#9
Kelly R Peck, Jennifer L Harman, Doralina L Anghelescu
The purpose of this report is to illustrate the importance of assessing for family, peer, and personal substance abuse risk factors in the case of a young adult with cancer-related pain and behaviors potentially indicative of opioid misuse (OM). A thorough clinical interview and an OM screening measure revealed important information about the patient's family and social environment. Based on this information, the treatment team acted quickly to prevent additional aberrant opioid-associated behaviors (AOBs)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905128/women-s-subjective-experiences-of-living-with-vulvodynia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-ethnography
#10
Rebekah Shallcross, Joanne M Dickson, David Nunns, Catharine Mackenzie, Gundi Kiemle
Vulvodynia, the experience of an idiopathic pain in the form of burning, soreness, or throbbing in the vulval area, affects around 4-16% of the population. The current review used systematic search strategies and meta-ethnography as a means of identifying, analyzing, and synthesizing the existing literature pertaining to women's subjective experiences of living with vulvodynia. Four key concepts were identified: (1) Social Constructions: Sex, Women, and Femininity: Women experienced negative consequences of social narratives around womanhood, sexuality, and femininity, including the prioritization of penetrative sex, the belief that it is the role of women to provide sex for men, and media portrayals of sex as easy and natural...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905042/social-demographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-suffering-from-peripheral-vascular-disease-treated-surgically-compared-to-patients-treated-with-endovascular-angioplasty
#11
Renata Piotrkowska, Marek Dobosz, Janina Książek, Grzegorz Halena
INTRODUCTION: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of chronic lower limb ischaemia. Many factors that have a crucial influence on the development of the disease, its course and prognosis have been identified. The risk factors seem to be subject to interventions due to their susceptibility to changes. It is important to increase the engagement of doctors and nurses performing the screening oriented on risk factors, medical consultation regarding giving up smoking, changing the diet and undertaking physical activity...
2017: Arch Med Sci Atheroscler Dis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904969/sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-of-centenarians-in-mexico-city
#12
Valdés-Corchado Pedro, Ruiz-Hernández Arturo, Pérez-Moreno Alejandro, Rosas-Carrasco Oscar
BACKGROUND: There is little evidence about the demography and health status of adults aged 100 years and over in Latin America and there are no studies in Mexico. OBJECTIVES: To describe the demographic characteristics and health status of centenarians residing in Mexico City. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study using a population base of 393 community-dwelling centenarians in Mexico City. A comprehensive geriatric assessment was performed, including demographic information and health status...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904379/a-screening-mechanism-differentiating-true-from-false-pain-during-empathy
#13
Ya-Bin Sun, Xiao-Xiao Lin, Wen Ye, Ning Wang, Jin-Yan Wang, Fei Luo
Empathizing with another's suffering is important in social interactions. Empathic behavior is selectively elicited from genuine, meaningful pain but not from fake, meaningless scenarios. However, the brain's screening mechanism of false information from meaningful events and the time course for the screening process remains unclear. Using EEG combined with principle components analysis (PCA) techniques, here we compared temporal neurodynamics between the observation of pain and no-pain pictures as well as between true (painful expressions and needle-penetrated arms) and false (needle-penetrated faces with neutral expressions) pain pictures...
September 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902934/assessment-and-management-of-pain-in-newborns-hospitalized-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Natália Pinheiro Braga Sposito, Lisabelle Mariano Rossato, Mariana Bueno, Amélia Fumiko Kimura, Taine Costa, Danila Maria Batista Guedes
Objective: to determine the frequency of pain, to verify the measures adopted for pain relief during the first seven days of hospitalization in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit and to identify the type and frequency of invasive procedures to which newborns are submitted. Method: cross-sectional retrospective study. Out of the 188 hospitalizations occurred during the 12-month period, 171 were included in the study. The data were collected from the charts and the presence of pain was analyzed based on the Neonatal Infant Pain Scale and on nursing notes suggestions of pain...
September 12, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899603/anaemia-but-not-iron-deficiency-is-associated-with-clinical-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-severe-heart-failure-and-palliative-home-care-a-substudy-of-the-prefer-trial
#15
Kurt Boman, Mona Olofsson, Ann-Charlotte R Bergman, Margareta Brännström
BACKGROUND: To explore the relationships between anaemia or iron deficiency (ID) and symptoms, quality of life (QoL), morbidity, and mortality. METHODS: A post-hoc, non-prespecified, explorative substudy of the prospective randomized PREFER trial. One centre study of outpatients with severe HF and palliative need managed with advanced home care. Associations between anaemia, ID, and the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), Euro QoL (EQ-5D), Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questions (KCCQ) were examined only at baseline but at 6months for morbidity and mortality...
September 9, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898319/-tetanus-a-current-disease-in-pediatric-population-case-report
#16
María Del Pilar Cejudo-García de Alba, Jaime Guadalupe Valle-Leal, Jesús Gabriel Sánchez Beltrán, Amado de Jesús Francisco Vázquez-Amparano
INTRODUCTION: Tetanus is an acute disease caused by a toxin produced by Clostridium tetanii. The disease can affect people of any age, and the fatality rate is high. Thanks to immunization the number of cases of the disease has decreased, although they are still present in isolation in countries with social and economic backwardness. OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of a pediatric patient with generalized tetanus to reinforce the relevance of prophylaxis and early detection...
2017: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898134/the-management-of-complex-pain-in-children-referred-to-a-pain-clinic-at-a-tertiary-children-s-hospital-in-australia
#17
John Collins, Natasha Haynes, Hannah Klingberg, Heather Nicholas, Meg Pounder, Renee Sandells
Synopsis One of the key aspects of good healthcare for children and young people is the prevention and management of pain. The experience of persisting pain in children and adolescents has a major impact not only on the individual's physical, emotional, social, and developmental well-being but it also may have an impact on the broader world which may include family, school, and social networks. The multi-disciplinary paediatric pain clinic adopts a holistic approach to care through a biopsychosocial model. One outcome of an initial paediatric pain clinic review is the creation of a pain management plan which addresses the pharmacological, physical, psychological, and other domains of care...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895999/-quality-of-life-and-associated-characteristics-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-the-adult-population-of-burgos-spain
#18
M T Barroso-Perez, E Cubo, J Cordero-Guevara, E Poza-Maure, L Checa-Diez
INTRODUCTION: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a neurological disorder with a prevalence of up to 15%, although little is known about its impact upon quality of life. AIM: To analyse the impact of RLS on health-related quality of life. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study. A random sample of 1,275 subjects over 18 years old, stratified by age, was taken from the urban area of Burgos, with an estimated prevalence, 10%; alpha, 5%; accuracy, 3%; and losses, 70%, using a two-phase study (screening and diagnosis of cases of RLS and non-cases confirmed by a doctor)...
September 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895998/-effects-of-an-intensive-thalassotherapy-and-aquatic-therapy-program-in-stroke-patients-a-pilot-study
#19
C Morer, C Boestad, P Zuluaga, A Alvarez-Badillo, F Maraver
INTRODUCTION: Stroke remains the leading cause of acquired disability. Health and social planning and management may vary and although prevention is crucial, having better treatments and strategies to reduce disability is needed. AIM: To determine the effect of an intensive program of thalassotherapy and aquatic therapy in stroke patients, valuing clinical parameters and functional validated scales. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A quasi-experimental prospective study consisting of a specific program assessed pre- and post- 3 weeks treatment to 26 stroke patients with a mild-moderate disability...
September 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894077/-experience-of-frailty-in-korean-elderly-a-phenomenological-study-utilizing-the-colaizzi-method
#20
Jin Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: This study attempts to explore the subjective experience of frailty among elderly individuals in Korea. METHODS: From June to August in 2014, 11 elderly persons who had experienced frailty in a community were interviewed. For data analysis, the method suggested by Colaizzi was applied as a phenomenological method. RESULTS: According to the analysis, the study participants' frailty process was structured in seven categories: (a) 'natural phenomenon with ageing,' (b) 'life force comes to an end,' (c) 'the light in my heart turns off,' (d) 'unavoidable situation,' (e) 'continuous and connected vicious cycle,' (f) 'the limit of recovery energy already passes,' and (g) 'life is supported by someones help...
August 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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