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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341025/multiple-sclerosis-prevalence-and-impact
#1
Heather Gilmour, Pamela L Ramage-Morin, Suzy L Wong
This article provides new information about multiple sclerosis (MS) using the 2010/2011 Neurological Conditions Prevalence File, the 2011/2012 Survey of Neurological Conditions in Institutions in Canada, and the 2011 Survey on Living with Neurological Conditions in Canada. An estimated 93,500 Canadians living in private households and 3,800 residents of long-term care institutions had been diagnosed with MS. Prevalence estimates were 159 and 418 cases per 100,000 population for men and women, respectively; 2...
January 17, 2018: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340913/a-randomized-pilot-trial-of-a-novel-behavioral-intervention-for-chronic-pain-tailored-to-individuals-with-hiv
#2
Jessica S Merlin, Andrew O Westfall, Dustin Long, Susan Davies, Michael Saag, William Demonte, Sarah Young, Robert D Kerns, Matthew J Bair, Stefan Kertesz, Janet M Turan, Meredith Kilgore, Olivio J Clay, Joanna Starrels, Dorothy Pekmezi, Mallory O Johnson
Chronic pain is an important and understudied comorbidity in people living with HIV (PLWH). We conducted a pilot trial of Skills TO Manage Pain (STOMP), an innovative social cognitive theory-based pain self-management intervention tailored to PLWH, to assess feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy. Eligibility criteria included being HIV+, ≥ moderate pain for ≥ 3 months and a score of ≥ 4 on the three-item PEG pain severity and interference scale. Participants were randomized in a 1:1 fashion to STOMP or a usual care comparison...
January 16, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340877/brief-report-subjective-social-mobility-and-depressive-symptoms-in-syrian-refugees-to-germany
#3
Frank Euteneuer, Sarina J Schäfer
Previous findings indicate that refugees are at increased risk for mental health problems. In addition to stressful pre-migration experiences, post-migration factors may contribute to poor mental health outcomes. Among immigrants to the United States, downward mobility in subjective social status (SSS) was associated with depression, corroborating the potentially detrimental mental health consequences of a decline in one's perceived social position. The present study examined whether downward mobility in SSS among male refugees from Syria to Germany is associated with depression...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338728/re-evaluation-of-the-definition-of-remission-on-the-17-item-hamilton-depression-rating-scale-based-on-recovery-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-an-observational-post-marketing-study
#4
Jitsuki Sawamura, Jun Ishigooka, Katsuji Nishimura
BACKGROUND: Although a score of less than 7 for the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D17) has been widely adopted to define remission of depression, a full recovery from depression is closely related to the patient's quality of life as well. Accordingly, we re-evaluated this definition of remission using HAM-D17 in comparison with the corresponding score for health-related quality of life (HRQOL) measured by the SF-36. METHODS: Using the data for depressive patients reported by GlaxoSmithKline K...
January 16, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338623/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathic-pain-from-the-perspective-of-turkish-patients-a-qualitative-study
#5
Zehra Gok Metin, Ismail Emre Arslan
INTRODUCTION: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) affects almost 30% to 50% of patients with diabetes, 40% to 60% of whom suffer from diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain (DPNP). Few studies have focused on individual experiences of DPNP in patients with diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to elucidate the effects of DPNP on daily life and individual feelings regarding living with DPNP from the perspective of Turkish patients. METHOD: A total of 14 patients were interviewed, and interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to identify themes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336694/-it-has-changed-my-whole-life-the-systemic-implications-of-chronic-low-back-pain-among-older-adults
#6
Meredith L Stensland, Sara Sanders
Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is the most common pain complaint among older adults. Despite its prevalence, very little research has qualitatively examined the diverse consequences of living with CLBP in later life. As part of a larger study aiming to understand the experience of CLBP among older adults, the objective of this manuscript is to understand how older adults experience CLBP and its impacts on the functioning of older adults. Guided by van Manen's phenomenological method, 23 semi-structured interviews with 21 pain clinic patients aged 66-83 were conducted...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336515/expectations-and-experiences-of-patients-with-osteoarthritis-undergoing-total-joint-arthroplasty-an-integrative-review
#7
Min Ting Alicia See, Yanika Kowitlawakul, Apphia Jia Qi Tan, Sok Ying Liaw
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of educational interventions for osteoarthritic patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty remains inconclusive. It is essential to understand the educational needs of these patients from their perspectives. AIM: The aim of this study was to systematically summarize and synthesize osteoarthritic patients' expectations and experiences in undergoing total joint arthroplasty to identify their educational needs. DESIGN: An integrative review was conducted...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333531/patient-reported-outcome-measures-prom-as-a-preoperative-assessment-tool
#8
Sunghye Kim, Pamela W Duncan, Leanne Groban, Hannah Segal, Rica Moonyeen Abbott, Jeff D Williamson
Aim of review: Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) on functional, social, and behavioral factors might be important preoperative predictors of postoperative outcomes. We conducted a literature review to explore associations of preoperative depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, and nutritional status with surgical outcomes. Methods: Two electronic data bases, including PubMed and Google Scholar, were searched linking either depression, socioeconomic status, social support, functional status/frailty, cognitive status, self-management skills, health literacy, or nutritional status with surgery, postoperative complications, or perioperative period within the past 2 decades...
November 28, 2017: Journal of anesthesia and perioperative medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331965/right-iliac-fossa-pain-treatment-rift-study-protocol-for-an-international-multicentre-prospective-observational-study
#9
Dmitri Nepogodiev
INTRODUCTION: Patients presenting with right iliac fossa (RIF) pain are a common challenge for acute general surgical services. Given the range of potential pathologies, RIF pain creates diagnostic uncertainty and there is subsequent variation in investigation and management. Appendicitis is a diagnosis which must be considered in all patients with RIF pain; however, over a fifth of patients undergoing appendicectomy, in the UK, have been proven to have a histologically normal appendix (negative appendicectomy)...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331708/depression-increases-subjective-stigma-of-chronic-pain
#10
Nida Naushad, Laura B Dunn, Ricardo F Muñoz, Yan Leykin
BACKGROUND: Individuals suffering from mental as well as physical conditions often face stigma, which can adversely affect functioning, treatment seeking, and emotional health. We compared levels of stigma experienced by individuals with depression and/or chronic pain, to contrast the perception of stigma experienced by the sufferers with that of individuals who have never experienced these conditions, and to determine whether depression is related to greater experience of stigma for chronic pain...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331407/decreased-health-related-quality-of-life-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autoimmune-hepatitis
#11
Ana Beatriz Bozzini, Luciana Neder, Clovis A Silva, Gilda Porta
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the health-related quality of life in children and adolescents with autoimmune hepatitis. METHODS: A cross-sectional assessment with the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 (PedsQL 4.0) was completed for 80 patients with autoimmune hepatitis and 45 healthy controls. Demographic data, prednisone dose, disease remission state, disease severity, and abdominal pain were also evaluated. RESULTS: Based on the child self-reports, physical, emotional, school, and total scores were significantly lower in autoimmune hepatitis patients when compared with controls (p<0...
January 10, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#12
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329750/women-and-the-experience-of-pain-and-opioid-use-disorder-a-literature-based-commentary
#13
Andrew L Koons, Marna Rayl Greenberg, Robert D Cannon, Gillian A Beauchamp
It is generally understood that pain experience and opioid abuse have relied on male-dominated models. However, sex and gender play a role in both pain experience and opioid use disorder. Using the previously validated Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center Sex and Gender Specific Health PubMed Advanced Search Tool, the authors used pertinent literature to develop this literature-based commentary on sex and gender differences in pain experience and opioid use disorder. Women report their experience of pain more frequently, have increased rates of diagnoses related to pain, have increased pain sensitivity, and have a variable response to pain and analgesia...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329054/relationship-between-sedentary-behavior-and-depression-a-mediation-analysis-of-influential-factors-across-the-lifespan-among-42-469-people-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Felipe B Schuch, Mats Hallgren, Lee Smith, Benjamin Gardner, Kai G Kahl, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is associated with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and low mood. There is a paucity of multi-national research investigating SB and depression, particularly among low- and middle-income countries. This study investigated the association between SB and depression, and factors which influence this. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were analyzed from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health. Depression was based on the Composite International Diagnostic Interview...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327980/effects-of-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-on-raynaud-s-disease
#15
Sami Karapolat, Atila Turkyilmaz, Celal Tekinbas
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's disease is a disorder that is characterized by attacks of pain, cyanosis, redness, and numbness in the upper extremities caused by vasospasm of digital arteries due to cold or emotional stress. We aimed at demonstrating our experiences with endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) in the treatment of Raynaud's disease. METHODS: From 48 patients who underwent ETS for various reasons at our department between January 2014 and January 2015, we reviewed 9 patients with Raynaud's disease (18...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327593/the-impact-of-age-and-gender-on-the-icf-based-assessment-of-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Elisabeth Fehrmann, Simone Kotulla, Linda Fischer, Thomas Kienbacher, Kerstin Tuechler, Patrick Mair, Gerold Ebenbichler, Birgit Paul
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of age and gender on the international classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)-based assessment for chronic low back pain. METHODS: Two hundred forty-four chronic low back pain patients (52% female) with a mean age of 49 years (SD =17.64) were interviewed with the comprehensive ICF core set for activities and participation, and environmental factors. After conducting explorative factor analysis, the impact of age and gender on the different factors was analyzed using analyzes of variances...
January 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327358/opioid-medication-use-in-patients-with-gastrointestinal-diagnoses-vs-unexplained-gastrointestinal-symptoms-in-the-us-veterans-health-administration
#17
G S Sayuk, N Kanuri, C P Gyawali, B M Gott, B D Nix, R A Rosenheck
BACKGROUND: While opioid prescriptions have increased alarmingly in the United States (US), their use for unexplained chronic gastrointestinal (GI) pain (eg, irritable bowel syndrome) carries an especially high risk for adverse effects and questionable benefit. AIM: To compare opioid use among US veterans with structural GI diagnoses (SGID) and those with unexplained GI symptoms or functional GI diagnoses (FGID), a group for whom opioids have no accepted role. METHODS: Veterans Health Administration (VHA) administrative data from fiscal year 2012 were used to identify veterans with diagnostic codes recorded for SGID and FGID...
January 12, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326504/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-following-third-molar-surgery-in-an-african-population
#18
Adebayo Aremu Ibikunle, Wasiu Lanre Adeyemo
Introduction: Surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars is often associated with sequelae such as postoperative pain, facial edema, and limitation in mouth opening ability. These sequelae may result in changes in the patients' lifestyle and quality of life (QoL). Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of surgical extraction of impacted mandibular third molars on patients' QoL in the immediate postoperative period (7 days). Materials and Methods: Ethical approval for this study was obtained from the Health Research and Ethics committee of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326503/impact-of-dental-trauma-on-quality-of-life-among-11-14-years-schoolchildren
#19
Ibrahim Hassan El-Kalla, Hanaa Mahmoud Shalan, Rabaa Abo Bakr
Background: Traumatic injuries are common dental problems in pediatric dentistry that may influence the children's quality of life. Aim: the aim of this study is to assess the impact of traumatic dental injuries (TDI) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) among Egyptian schoolchildren aged 11-14 years. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out involving a sample of 11700 schoolchildren from public and private schools of Mansoura city, Egypt...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326092/usage-of-an-exercise-app-in-the-care-for-people-with-osteoarthritis-user-driven-exploratory-study
#20
Dorthe Boe Danbjørg, Allan Villadsen, Ester Gill, Mette Juel Rothmann, Jane Clemensen
BACKGROUND: Exercise has proven to reduce pain and increase quality of life among people living with osteoarthritis (OA). However, one major challenge is adherence to exercise once supervision ends. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify mental and physical barriers and motivational and social aspects of training at home, and to test or further develop an exercise app. METHODS: The study was inspired from participatory design, engaging users in the research process...
January 11, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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