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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346923/gut-brain-axis-and-behavior
#1
Clair R Martin, Emeran A Mayer
In the last 5 years, interest in the interactions among the gut microbiome, brain, and behavior has exploded. Preclinical evidence supports a role of the gut microbiome in behavioral responses associated with pain, emotion, social interactions, and food intake. Limited, but growing, clinical evidence comes primarily from associations of gut microbial composition and function to behavioral and clinical features and brain structure and function. Converging evidence suggests that the brain and the gut microbiota are in bidirectional communication...
2017: Nestlé Nutrition Institute Workshop Series
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346541/quality-of-life-and-objective-outcome-assessment-in-women-with-tape-division-after-surgery-for-stress-urinary-incontinence
#2
Daniela Ulrich, Vesna Bjelic-Radisic, Anna Höllein, Gerda Trutnovsky, Karl Tamussino, Thomas Aigmüller
BACKGROUND: Midurethral tapes may cause long-term complications such as voiding dysfunction, groin pain, de novo urgency or mesh erosion, which necessitate a reoperation. There is a paucity of data regarding health related quality of life in patients undergoing tape removal. The aim of the study was to evaluate quality of life (QoL) and objective outcome after midurethral tape division or excision. METHODS: All patients who underwent a midurethral tape division for voiding difficulties, pain or therapy resistant de novo overactive bladder between 1999 and 2014 were invited for follow-up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345784/quality-of-life-in-cervical-cancer-survivors-and-healthy-women-thai-urban-population-study
#3
Pichita Prasongvej, Tongta Nanthakomon, Kankamol Jaisin, Athita Chanthasenanont, Supapen Lertvutivivat, Chamnan Tanprasertkul, Kornkarn Bhamarapravatana, Komsun Suwannarurk
Background : To determine a baseline quality of life (QoL) in cervical cancer survivors compared to that of healthy subjects in the tertiary Thammasat University Hospital, Thailand. Materials and Methods: The investigation was conducted at the outpatient gynecological department of Thammasat University Hospital between January and June 2016. A total of 192 women were entered into the study (97 cervical cancer survivors; 37 after radical hysterectomy (RH), 43 with concurrent chemoradiation (CRT), and 17 featuring both RH and CRT; and 95 control subjects from the same outpatient department with no history of malignancy)...
February 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344944/human-bite-injuries-on-the-jos-plateau
#4
B T Ugwu
BACKGROUND: Human bite injuries with the associated morbidity are not uncommon in this environment. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern, management modalities and treatment outcome of human bites in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria. DESIGN: A prospective study of all human bite injuries managed at the Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria between January 2012 and December 2014. SETTING: Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria...
April 2016: Journal of the West African College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343440/early-interventions-to-promote-work-participation-in-people-with-regional-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Andy Cochrane, Niamh M Higgins, Oliver FitzGerald, Pamela Gallagher, Jennifer Ashton, Oriel Corcoran, Deirdre Desmond
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of early multidisciplinary interventions in promoting work participation and reducing work absence in adults with regional musculoskeletal pain. DATA SOURCES: Seven databases (CENTRAL, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, OT Seeker, PEDro; 1990 to December 2016) were searched for eligible studies. REVIEW METHODS: Trials were included if they reported on work-based outcomes for participants experiencing difficulties at work or ≤ three months' sick leave...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343112/the-impact-of-australian-legislative-changes-on-synthetic-cannabinoid-exposures-reported-to-the-new-south-wales-poisons-information-centre
#6
Rose Cairns, Jared A Brown, Naren Gunja, Nicholas A Buckley
BACKGROUND: The emergence of new psychoactive substances (NPS), including synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonists (SCRAs) poses novel challenges for drug regulation and public health. Misconceptions of safety and legality, coupled with the fact that NPS are undetectable on routine drugs screens contributes to their popularity. Concerns over the unpredictable toxicity and abuse potential of NPS has led to a variety of legislative responses worldwide. We wish to describe Australian trends in SCRA use, examining the effects of legislative changes on calls to Australia's largest poisons centre...
March 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342628/poor-sleep-quality-depression-and-hope-before-breast-cancer-surgery
#7
Thalyta Cristina Mansano-Schlosser, Maria Filomena Ceolim, Teresa D Valerio
AIM: This study aims to identify the predictors of poor sleep quality and the associations between depression, hope and sleep in a sample of 156 women with breast cancer prior to surgery. BACKGROUND: The care and treatment of breast cancer is among the most important scientific challenges in public health. Sleep disturbances and depression are the important complaint of cancer patients. However, they are often neglected. Patients diagnosed with breast cancer also experience prejudice, fear of death, suffering, mutilation, fear of lymphedema, as well as feelings of social devaluation leading to hopelessness Several studies point to hope as an effective strategy to help patients cope with difficulties and achieve their goals, especially patients with cancer...
April 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340553/promoting-independence-health-and-well-being-for-older-people-a-feasibility-study-of-computer-aided-health-and-social-risk-appraisal-system-in-primary-care
#8
Kate Walters, Kalpa Kharicha, Claire Goodman, Melanie Handley, Jill Manthorpe, Mima Cattan, Steve Morris, Caroline S Clarke, Jeff Round, Steve Iliffe
BACKGROUND: With population ageing, research is needed into new low-cost, scalable methods of effective promotion of health and wellbeing for older people. We aimed to assess feasibility, reach and costs of implementing a new tailored computer-aided health and social risk appraisal system in primary care. METHODS: Design: Feasibility study. SETTING: Five General Practices in London (Ealing) and Hertfordshire, United Kingdom (UK) Participants: Random sample of patients aged 65 + years...
March 24, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340203/been-there-done-that-the-experience-of-acting-as-a-young-adult-mentor-to-adolescents-living-with-chronic-illness
#9
Sara Ahola Kohut, Jennifer Stinson, Paula Forgeron, Stephanie Luca, Lauren Harris
To explore the perceived benefits and challenges of acting as a young adult peer mentor to adolescents with chronic illness.   A qualitative descriptive study, using interviews and a focus group, explored the perceptions of young adult peer mentors following participation in the iPeer2Peer program, a Skype-based peer-mentorship program for adolescents with chronic illness. Interviews and focus group data were transcribed and analyzed using inductive content analysis.   Ten peer mentors (20.00 ± 1...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340189/the-relationship-between-pain-severity-and-alcohol-use-among-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-the-moderating-role-of-drinking-motives
#10
Claudia Horn-Hofmann, Zina Trost, Anne Hublet, Sylvie Mrug, Joris Van Damme, Tine Vervoort
Objective. : Evidence from adult samples suggests a co-occurrence between pain and alcohol abuse. However, studies in adolescents are scarce and results are inconsistent, with some studies observing heightened and others observing reduced alcohol consumption in adolescents suffering from pain. We hypothesized that in adolescents the association between pain and alcohol use will be moderated by drinking motives. Methods. : Data from a large representative sample of Flemish school children and adolescents (N = 10,650, 50...
March 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339544/laxatives-do-not-improve-symptoms-of-opioid-induced-constipation-results-of-a-patient-survey
#11
Anton Emmanuel, Martin Johnson, Paula McSkimming, Sara Dickerson
Introduction.:  Laxatives are commonly used to treat opioid-induced constipation, the commonest and most bothersome complication of opioids. However, laxatives have a nonspecific action and do not target underlying mechanisms of opioid-induced constipation; their use is associated with abdominal symptoms that negatively impact quality of life. Objective.:  To assess the effects of laxatives in patients taking opioids for chronic pain. Methods...
October 8, 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338811/interventions-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-disability-due-to-acquired-joint-contractures-in-older-people-a-systematic-review
#12
Susanne Saal, Katrin Beutner, Julia Bogunski, Kathrin Obermüller, Martin Müller, Eva Grill, Gabriele Meyer
Background: acquired joint contractures have significant effects on quality of life and functioning. Objective: to determine the effects of interventions to prevent and treat disabilities in older people with acquired joint contractures. Methods: systematic search (last 8/2016) via Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, CINAHL, trial registries, reference lists of retrieved articles and scientific congress pamphlets. Controlled and randomised controlled trials in English or German comparing an intervention with another intervention or standard care were included...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338783/empathy-and-moral-emotions-in-post-apartheid-south-africa-an-fmri-investigation
#13
Melike M Fourie, Dan J Stein, Mark Solms, Pumla Gobodo-Madikizela, Jean Decety
Moral emotions elicited in response to others' suffering are mediated by empathy and affect how we respond to their pain. South Africa provides a unique opportunity to study group processes given its racially divided past. The present study seeks insights into aspects of the moral brain by investigating behavioral and functional MRI responses of White and Black South Africans who lived through apartheid to in- and out-group physical and social pain. Whereas the physical pain task featured faces expressing dynamic suffering, the social pain task featured victims of apartheid violence from the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission to elicit heartfelt emotion...
February 17, 2017: Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338591/the-course-prediction-and-treatment-of-acute-and-post-traumatic-stress-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review
#14
Eva Visser, Taco Gosens, Brenda Leontine Den Oudsten, Jolanda De Vries
BACKGROUND: Trauma patients suffer from Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It is unknown how these disorders develop over time and when treatment is effective. Our aim was to systematically review (i) the course and predictors of ASD and PTSD after trauma and (ii) which and when psychological treatments are effective. METHODS: Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, Cinahl, Cochrane, Pubmed, and Google Scholar were searched up to September 14, 2015...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338395/functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-after-ankle-fracture-surgically-treated-a-systematic-review
#15
Viviane Ribeiro de Ávila, Teresa Paula Domingues da Cunha Bento, Welling-Ton Fabiano Gomes, José Carlos Gomes de Carvalho Leitão, Nelson Joaquim Fortuna de Sousa
CONTEXT: Ankle fractures (AF) are the most common fractures of the lower limbs found in emergency services. Approximately 53% of these fractures are unstable and treated surgically. OBJECTIVE: To con-duct a systematic review evaluating functional outcomes and quality of life of patients with AFs surgi-cally treated. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA statement. Five electronic databases were searched, without any limit on publication dates...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338226/exploring-and-modelling-impacts-of-third-molar-experience-on-quality-of-life-a-real-time-qualitative-study-using-twitter
#16
Kamal Hanna, Paul Sambrook, Jason M Armfield, David S Brennan
OBJECTIVES: This study had two objectives: (i) to explore and model domains describing the real-time impact of third molars (TMs) on quality of life (QoL); and (ii) to assess the percentage coverage, in some generic health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) instruments, of the TM QoL domains identified in this study. METHODOLOGY: A global cross-sectional sample of tweets containing 'wisdom tooth' over a 1-week period retrieved 3,537 tweets...
March 24, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337668/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-in-clinical-practice-related-to-the-treatment-of-pain-influence-on-the-professional-activity-and-the-doctor-patient-relationship
#17
Jorge Muriel Fernandez, Maria Begoña García Cenador, J Manuel López Millan, Juan Antonio Juanes Méndez, María José Sánchez Ledesma
The increasing relevance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in medical care is indisputable. This evidence makes it necessary to start studies that analyse the scope these new forms of access to information and understanding of medicine have on the professional activity of the physician, on the attitude and on the knowledge of patients or, on the doctor-patient relationship. The purpose of this study is to explore some of these aspects in a group of physicians whose clinical activity is related to one of the greatest social impact health problems which is the treatment of chronic pain...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336243/hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-workers-experience-with-functional-impairment-and-disability
#18
Midori Handford, Kiera Lepine, Kristina Boccia, Francesca Ruddick, Darya Alyeksyeyeva, Aaron Thompson, D Linn Holness, Sharon Switzer-McIntyre
STUDY DESIGN: Qualitative and descriptive study. INTRODUCTION: Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is a prevalent disease in Canada. There is little work on the perspectives of HAVS patients. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Explore perceptions of disability and functional compromise in patients with HAVS. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with HAVS patients and analysed using content analysis. RESULTS: The 11 participants reported numbness, pain, and reduced dexterity, strength, and sensation...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334433/dietary-interventions-for-recurrent-abdominal-pain-in-childhood
#19
REVIEW
Tamsin V Newlove-Delgado, Alice E Martin, Rebecca A Abbott, Alison Bethel, Joanna Thompson-Coon, Rebecca Whear, Stuart Logan
BACKGROUND: This is an update of the original Cochrane review, last published in 2009 (Huertas-Ceballos 2009). Recurrent abdominal pain (RAP), including children with irritable bowel syndrome, is a common problem affecting between 4% and 25% of school-aged children. For the majority of such children, no organic cause for their pain can be found on physical examination or investigation. Many dietary inventions have been suggested to improve the symptoms of RAP. These may involve either excluding ingredients from the diet or adding supplements such as fibre or probiotics...
March 23, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333581/the-social-construction-of-fibromyalgia-as-a-health-problem-from-the-perspective-of-policies-professionals-and-patients
#20
Erica Briones-Vozmediano
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a painful chronic disease, suffered mainly by women, that consolidates a number of symptoms and skeletal muscle issues which are little understood. OBJECTIVES: To explore the social construction of FM from the perspective of health policies, patients, and health professionals involved in their medical attention. METHODS: I) Policy review of national and regional health plans in a national and international context, the clinical protocols for fibromyalgia in Spain, and the Parliamentary initials in the European and Spanish context; and ii) Qualitative study involving 28 personal interviews with 16 fibromyalgia patients and 12 interviews with health care professionals in Spain...
2017: Global Health Action
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