keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

social exclusion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785626/sex-attractant-pheromones-of-virgin-queens-of-sympatric-slave-making-ant-species-in-the-genus-polyergus-and-their-possible-roles-in-reproductive-isolation
#1
Les Greenberg, Christine A Johnson, James C Trager, J Steven McElfresh, Joshua Rodstein, Jocelyn G Millar
Species of the ant genus Polyergus are social parasites that steal brood from colonies of their hosts in the closely related genus Formica. Upon emergence as adults in a mixed population, host Formica workers carry out all the normal worker functions within the Polyergus colony, including foraging, feeding, grooming, and rearing brood of the parasitic Polyergus ants. Some unmated Polyergus gynes (queens) run in the raiding columns of their colonies and attract males by releasing a pheromone from their mandibular glands...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Chemical Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782586/reflective-practices-at-the-security-council-children-and-armed-conflict-and-the-three-united-nations
#2
Ingvild Bode
The United Nations Security Council passed its first resolution on children in armed conflict in 1999, making it one of the oldest examples of Security Council engagement with a thematic mandate and leading to the creation of a dedicated working group in 2005. Existing theoretical accounts of the Security Council cannot account for the developing substance of the children and armed conflict agenda as they are macro-oriented and focus exclusively on states. I argue that Security Council decision-making on thematic mandates is a productive process whose outcomes are created by and through practices of actors across the three United Nations: member states (the first United Nations), United Nations officials (the second United Nations) and non-governmental organizations (the third United Nations)...
June 2018: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781644/neurodevelopmental-differences-to-social-exclusion-an-event-related-neural-oscillation-study-of-children-adolescents-and-adults
#3
Alva Tang, Ayelet Lahat, Michael J Crowley, Jia Wu, Louis A Schmidt
Although the neural correlates of social exclusion have been well-documented, most studies have examined single age groups. No studies have directly compared specific age-related differences in social exclusion across children, adolescents, and adults using event-related oscillatory electroencephalogram (EEG) dynamics. The authors examined event-related theta EEG power and phase coherence in fair play and social exclusion conditions during the Cyberball task in 166 participants: 42 children (ages 10-12), 56 adolescents (ages 14-17), and 68 adults (ages 18-28)...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779710/comorbidity-network-for-chronic-disease-a-novel-approach-to-understand-type-2-diabetes-progression
#4
Arif Khan, Shahadat Uddin, Uma Srinivasan
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases management outside expensive hospital settings has become a major target for governments, funders and healthcare service providers. It is well known that chronic diseases such as Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) do not occur in isolation, and has a shared aetiology common to many other diseases and disorders. Diabetes Australia reports that it is associated with a myriad of complications, which affect the feet, eyes, kidneys, and cardiovascular health. For instance, nerve damage in the lower limbs affects around 13% of Australians with diabetes, diabetic retinopathy occurs in over 15% of Australians with diabetes, and diabetes is now the leading cause of end-stage kidney disease...
July 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779401/evaluating-quantity-and-quality-of-literature-focusing-on-health-economics-and-pharmacoeconomics-in-gulf-cooperation-council-countries
#5
Islam Eljilany, Faris El-Dahiyat, Louise Elizabeth Curley, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
BACKGROUND: The importance of pharmacoeconomics and health economics has been augmented. It has the potential to provide evidence to aid in optimal decision-making in the funding of cost-effective medicines and services in Gulf Cooperation Council countries (G.C.C). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality and quantity of health economic research published until the end of 2017 in G.C.C. METHOD: Studies were included according to inclusion and exclusion criteria...
May 19, 2018: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776336/phylogenomic-analysis-of-apoidea-sheds-new-light-on-the-sister-group-of-bees
#6
Manuela Sann, Oliver Niehuis, Ralph S Peters, Christoph Mayer, Alexey Kozlov, Lars Podsiadlowski, Sarah Bank, Karen Meusemann, Bernhard Misof, Christoph Bleidorn, Michael Ohl
BACKGROUND: Apoid wasps and bees (Apoidea) are an ecologically and morphologically diverse group of Hymenoptera, with some species of bees having evolved eusocial societies. Major problems for our understanding of the evolutionary history of Apoidea have been the difficulty to trace the phylogenetic origin and to reliably estimate the geological age of bees. To address these issues, we compiled a comprehensive phylogenomic dataset by simultaneously analyzing target DNA enrichment and transcriptomic sequence data, comprising 195 single-copy protein-coding genes and covering all major lineages of apoid wasps and bee families...
May 18, 2018: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774207/overview-of-social-cognitive-dysfunctions-in-rare-developmental-syndromes-with-psychiatric-phenotype
#7
REVIEW
Aurore Morel, Elodie Peyroux, Arnaud Leleu, Emilie Favre, Nicolas Franck, Caroline Demily
Rare neurodevelopmental syndromes often present social cognitive deficits that may underlie difficulties in social interactions and increase the risk of psychosis or autism spectrum disorders. However, little is known regarding the specificities of social cognitive impairment across syndromes while it remains a major challenge for the care. Our review provides an overview of social cognitive dysfunctions in rare diseases associated with psychiatric symptoms (with a prevalence estimated between 1 in 1,200 and 1 in 25,000 live births: 22q11...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772447/one-to-one-specialling-and-sitters-in-acute-care-hospitals-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Victoria J Wood, Cecilia Vindrola-Padros, Nick Swart, Michelle McIntosh, Sonya Crowe, Stephen Morris, Naomi J Fulop
BACKGROUND: One to one specialling is a type of care which is provided to ensure the safety of patients who may be suffering from cognitive impairment, exhibit challenging behaviour, or may be at risk of falls or of causing harm to themselves or others. Care such as this, often referred to as 'specialling' or 'sitting' is common practice in most hospitals around the world, but there is a lack of evidence regarding its cost effectiveness and the quality of care provided. AIM: The aim of this scoping review was to explore the breadth and scope of literature on one to one specialling, sitters and similar types of care in acute secondary care settings, in order to identify the challenges and concerns relating to the quality of care (process and outcomes) and cost effectiveness emerging from the literature, and determine the implications of this for policy, practice and future research...
April 30, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771553/culture-and-social-hierarchy-self-and-other-oriented-correlates-of-socioeconomic-status-across-cultures
#9
Yuri Miyamoto, Jiah Yoo, Cynthia S Levine, Jiyoung Park, Jennifer Morozink Boylan, Tamara Sims, Hazel Rose Markus, Shinobu Kitayama, Norito Kawakami, Mayumi Karasawa, Christopher L Coe, Gayle D Love, Carol D Ryff
Current theorizing on socioeconomic status (SES) focuses on the availability of resources and the freedom they afford as a key determinant of the association between high SES and stronger orientation toward the self and, by implication, weaker orientation toward others. However, this work relies nearly exclusively on data from Western countries where self-orientation is strongly sanctioned. In the present work, we predicted and found that especially in East Asian countries, where other-orientation is strongly sanctioned, high SES is associated with stronger other-orientation as well as with self-orientation...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768584/mortality-from-type-2-diabetes-and-implementation-of-the-prevenimss-program-a-time-series-study-in-mexico-1998-2015
#10
Oswaldo Sinoe Medina-Gómez, Ismael Seth Medina-Reyes
Type 2 diabetes is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In Mexico it is the first cause of mortality, disability, and potential years of life lost due to premature death. The Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) implemented the PREVENIMSS strategy. The aim of the current study was to estimate the program's effect on the mortality trend from type 2 diabetes, based on an interrupted time series analysis. At the beginning of the target period, the diabetes mortality rate was higher in IMSS beneficiaries than in the control population...
May 10, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760668/implicit-motives-as-determinants-of-networking-behaviors
#11
Hans-Georg Wolff, Julia G Weikamp, Bernad Batinic
In today's world of work, networking behaviors are an important and viable strategy to enhance success in work and career domains. Concerning personality as an antecedent of networking behaviors, prior studies have exclusively relied on trait perspectives that focus on how people feel, think, and act. Adopting a motivational perspective on personality, we enlarge this focus and argue that beyond traits predominantly tapping social content, motives shed further light on instrumental aspects of networking - or why people network...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758576/-mental-health-stigma-an-influencing-factor-in-healthcare-utilization-by-veterans-of-the-german-armed-forces
#12
Katrin Schuy, Loni M Brants, Simone Dors, Andreas Ströhle, Peter Lutz Zimmermann, Gerd Dieter Willmund, Heinrich Rau, Stefan Siegel
THEORETICAL BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY:  Mental illness stigma is a barrier to healthcare utilization. This study is the first to research the connection between mental illness stigma and the use of healthcare by veterans of the German Armed Forces. An overview of perceived stigma components in this sample is provided that should help understand how these factors influence healthcare utilization. METHODS:  43 interviews with veterans of the German Armed Forces were conducted...
May 14, 2018: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758121/the-perspectives-of-former-recipients-and-experts-on-stigmatization-related-to-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-denmark-a-focus-group-study
#13
Iben Sylvia Kring, Maria Daniella Bergholt, Julie Midtgaard
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has existed worldwide for nearly 80 years. Although fast working and potentially life-saving, ECT is regarded as a strongly controversial treatment and stigmatization is frequently mentioned in relation to it. However, no systematic research in this area has taken place so far. AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences and attitudes of former recipients of ECT and of experts professionally involved with ECT in order to identify potential stigmatization...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757032/a-problem-of-institutional-psychiatry-exclusion-as-a-social-and-psychiatric-category
#14
Franco Basaglia, Franca Basaglia Ongaro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752493/review-of-mental-health-promotion-interventions-in-schools
#15
REVIEW
Michelle O'Reilly, Nadzeya Svirydzenka, Sarah Adams, Nisha Dogra
PURPOSE: The prevalence of mental disorders amongst children and adolescents is an increasing global problem. Schools have been positioned at the forefront of promoting positive mental health and well-being through implementing evidence-based interventions. The aim of this paper is to review current evidence-based research of mental health promotion interventions in schools and examine the reported effectiveness to identify those interventions that can support current policy and ensure that limited resources are appropriately used...
May 11, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750562/a-genomic-imprinting-model-of-termite-caste-determination-not-genetic-but-epigenetic-inheritance-influences-offspring-caste-fate
#16
Kenji Matsuura, Nobuaki Mizumoto, Kazuya Kobayashi, Tomonari Nozaki, Tadahide Fujita, Toshihisa Yashiro, Taro Fuchikawa, Yuki Mitaka, Edward L Vargo
Eusocial insects exhibit the most striking example of phenotypic plasticity. There has been a long controversy over the factors determining caste development of individuals in social insects. Here we demonstrate that parental phenotypes influence the social status of offspring not through genetic inheritance but through genomic imprinting in termites. Our extensive field survey and genetic analysis of the termite Reticulitermes speratus show that its breeding system is inconsistent with a genetic caste determination model...
June 2018: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748345/parents-experience-when-their-child-has-chronic-abdominal-pain-a-qualitative-study-in-norway
#17
Anne Brodwall, Kari Glavin, Per Lagerløv
OBJECTIVE: Functional abdominal pain occurs frequently in children and adolescents. It is an exclusion diagnosis; somatic diseases have to be ruled out. However little explanation is given for why the child is experiencing pain. The aim was to explore the experiences of parents of children with chronic abdominal pain discharged from hospital without a somatic explanation. DESIGN: The study has a qualitative design. The open questions concerned pain experiences and management...
May 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743320/prospective-longitudinal-study-of-the-pregnancy-dna-methylome-the-us-pregnancy-race-environment-genes-preg-study
#18
Dana M Lapato, Sara Moyer, Emily Olivares, Ananda B Amstadter, Patricia A Kinser, Shawn J Latendresse, Colleen Jackson-Cook, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Jerome F Strauss, Timothy P York
PURPOSE: The goal of the Pregnancy, Race, Environment, Genes study was to understand how social and environmental determinants of health (SEDH), pregnancy-specific environments (PSE) and biological processes influence the timing of birth and account for the racial disparity in preterm birth. The study followed a racially diverse longitudinal cohort throughout pregnancy and included repeated measures of PSE and DNA methylation (DNAm) over the course of gestation and up to 1 year into the postpartum period...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740337/various-bee-pheromones-binding-affinity-exclusive-chemosensillar-localization-and-key-amino-acid-sites-reveal-the-distinctive-characteristics-of-odorant-binding-protein-11-in-the-eastern-honey-bee-apis-cerana
#19
Xin-Mi Song, Lin-Ya Zhang, Xiao-Bin Fu, Fan Wu, Jing Tan, Hong-Liang Li
Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) are the critical elements responsible for binding and transporting odors and pheromones in the sensitive olfactory system in insects. Honey bees are representative social insects that have complex odorants and pheromone communication systems relative to solitary insects. Here, we first cloned and characterized OBP11 ( AcerOBP11 ), from the worker bees antennae of Eastern honey bee, Apis cerana . Based on sequence and phylogenetic analysis, most sequences homologous to AcerOBP11 belong to the typical OBPs family...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738507/the-association-between-quality-improvement-initiatives-in-dementia-care-and-supportive-psychosocial-work-environments-in-nursing-homes
#20
Miharu Nakanishi, Maki Tei-Tominaga
Background : Quality improvement initiatives can help nursing homes strengthen psychosocial work environments. The aim of the present study was to examine the association between supportive psychosocial work environment, and professional and organizational characteristics regarding quality improvement initiatives in dementia care. Methods : A paper questionnaire survey was administered to a convenience sample of 365 professional caregivers in 12 special nursing homes in Japan. Psychosocial work environment was assessed using the Social Capital and Ethical Climate at the Workplace Scale to calculate a score of social capital in the workplace, ethical leadership, and exclusive workplace climate...
May 8, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
keyword
keyword
36267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"