keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

social exclusion

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926030/the-allocation-of-resources-for-animal-health
#1
K S Howe
Economics is too important to be left to the experts. This paper is therefore mainly for animal health policy-makers who are not economists but want a better appreciation of how economics can contribute to resource allocation decisions. First, the methodology of economic analysis is outlined with the objective of dispelling criticisms of its simplifying assumption of rationality. Then, unusual in economics but more familiar to biological and veterinary scientists, the technical aspects of transforming resources into products are discussed...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925810/ube3a-mediated-regulation-of-imprinted-genes-and-epigenome-wide-marks-in-human-neurons
#2
S Jesse Lopez, Keith Dunaway, M Saharul Islam, Charles Mordaunt, Annie Vogel Ciernia, Makiko Meguro-Horike, Shin-Ichi Horike, David J Segal, Janine LaSalle
The dysregulation of genes in neurodevelopmental disorders that lead to social and cognitive phenotypes is a complex, multilayered process involving both genetics and epigenetics. Parent-of-origin effects of deletion and duplication of the 15q11-q13 locus leading to Angelman, Prader-Willi, and Dup15q syndromes are due to imprinted genes, including UBE3A, which is maternally expressed exclusively in neurons. UBE3A encodes a ubiquitin E3 ligase protein with multiple downstream targets, including RING1B, which in turn monoubiquitinates histone variant H2A...
September 19, 2017: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923070/univariate-and-multivariate-spatial-models-of-health-facility-utilisation-for-childhood-fevers-in-an-area-on-the-coast-of-kenya
#3
Paul O Ouma, Nathan O Agutu, Robert W Snow, Abdisalan M Noor
BACKGROUND: Precise quantification of health service utilisation is important for the estimation of disease burden and allocation of health resources. Current approaches to mapping health facility utilisation rely on spatial accessibility alone as the predictor. However, other spatially varying social, demographic and economic factors may affect the use of health services. The exclusion of these factors can lead to the inaccurate estimation of health facility utilisation. Here, we compare the accuracy of a univariate spatial model, developed only from estimated travel time, to a multivariate model that also includes relevant social, demographic and economic factors...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Geographics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918821/explaining-the-continuum-of-social-participation-among-older-adults-in-singapore-from-closed-doors-to-active-ageing-in-multi-ethnic-community-settings
#4
Su Aw, Gerald Koh, Yeon Ju Oh, Mee Lian Wong, Hubertus J M Vrijhoef, Susana Concordo Harding, Mary Ann B Geronimo, Cecilia Yoon Fong Lai, Zoe J L Hildon
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify and explain the continuum in which older people in Singapore participate in community and social life, highlighting the influence of culture and policy context on social participation. METHODS: Using an ethnographic approach in a neighbourhood (n=109), we conducted focus groups with older adults of different ethnicities, exploring experiences of social participation. Next, participants took 50 photographs relating to 'lives of elders', showcasing the socio-ecological context that influenced social participation...
August 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917197/adolescent-socioeconomic-status-and-depressive-symptoms-in-later-life-evidence-from-structural-equation-models
#5
Elizabeth C Pino, Karla Damus, Brian Jack, David Henderson, Snezana Milanovic, Bindu Kalesan
BACKGROUND: The complex association between socioeconomic status (SES) and depressive symptoms is not entirely understood and the existing literature does not address the relationship between early-life SES and later-life depression from a life-course perspective, incorporating mediating events. METHODS: Using data from the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study, we employed structural equation modeling to examine how SES measured at age 18 affects depressive symptoms at age 54 directly and through mediating variables college graduation, marriage, and household income level at age 36...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916228/cellular-therapy-injections-in-today-s-orthopedic-market-a-social-media-analysis
#6
Prem N Ramkumar, Sergio M Navarro, Heather S Haeberle, Morad Chughtai, Christopher Demetriades, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Michael A Mont, Thomas W Bauer, George F Muschler
BACKGROUND: The current state of cellular therapy for musculoskeletal conditions is at a crossroads. Marketing efforts are often outpacing clinical evidence and regulatory control. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: This study was an effort to describe the marketing of cellular therapy in musculoskeletal medicine by evaluating the content in popular social media channels. Specifically, media posts were evaluated for the following: (1) perspective, (2) tone, (3) content and (4) visibility...
September 12, 2017: Cytotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915993/marching-to-a-different-drummer-a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-young-adolescents-who-challenge-gender-norms
#7
Chunyan Yu, Xiayun Zuo, Robert W Blum, Deborah L Tolman, Anna Kågesten, Kristin Mmari, Sara De Meyer, Kristien Michielsen, Sharmistha Basu, Rajib Acharya, Qiguo Lian, Chaohua Lou
PURPOSE: Little is known about how gender norms regulate adolescents' lives across different cultural settings. This study aims to illustrate what is considered as violating gender norms for boys and girls in four urban poor sites as well as the consequences that follow the challenging of gender norms. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the Global Early Adolescent Study, a 15-country collaboration to explore gender norms and health in early adolescence. The current study analyzed narrative and in-depth interviews conducted in urban poor sites in two middle-income (Shanghai, China; and New Delhi, India) and two high-income countries (Baltimore, U...
October 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914083/the-importance-of-context-in-early-autism-intervention-a-qualitative-south-african-study
#8
Jessy Guler, Petrus J de Vries, Noleen Seris, Nokuthula Shabalala, Lauren Franz
The majority of individuals with autism spectrum disorder live in low- and middle-income countries and receive little or no services from health or social care systems. The development and validation of autism spectrum disorder interventions has almost exclusively occurred in high-income countries, leaving many unanswered questions regarding what contextual factors would need to be considered to ensure the effectiveness of interventions in low- and middle-income countries. This study qualitatively explored contextual factors relevant to the adaptation of a caregiver-mediated early autism spectrum disorder intervention in a low-resource South African setting...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#9
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913128/early-initiation-and-exclusive-breastfeeding-factors-influencing-the-attitudes-of-mothers-who-gave-birth-in-a-baby-friendly-hospital
#10
Elif Yılmaz, Fatma Doğa Öcal, Zehra Vural Yılmaz, Meryem Ceyhan, Osman Fadıl Kara, Tuncay Küçüközkan
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the initation time of breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding rates, and complementary feeding practices during the first six months of life among mothers who gave birth in a baby-friendly hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 350 mothers. Demographic characteristics, obstetric history and information about breastfeeding initiation were collected at the hospital. Information about factors affecting breastfeeding duration and feeding practices of the infants were obtained at the end of six months...
March 2017: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911749/effect-of-participatory-women-s-groups-and-counselling-through-home-visits-on-children-s-linear-growth-in-rural-eastern-india-caring-trial-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
Nirmala Nair, Prasanta Tripathy, H S Sachdev, Hemanta Pradhan, Sanghita Bhattacharyya, Rajkumar Gope, Sumitra Gagrai, Shibanand Rath, Suchitra Rath, Rajesh Sinha, Swati Sarbani Roy, Suhas Shewale, Vijay Singh, Aradhana Srivastava, Anthony Costello, Andrew Copas, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Hassan Haghparast-Bidgoli, Naomi Saville, Audrey Prost
BACKGROUND: Around 30% of the world's stunted children live in India. The Government of India has proposed a new cadre of community-based workers to improve nutrition in 200 districts. We aimed to find out the effect of such a worker carrying out home visits and participatory group meetings on children's linear growth. METHODS: We did a cluster-randomised controlled trial in two adjoining districts of Jharkhand and Odisha, India. 120 clusters (around 1000 people each) were randomly allocated to intervention or control using a lottery...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903891/health-information-national-trends-survey-in-american-sign-language-hints-asl-protocol-for-the-cultural-adaptation-and-linguistic-validation-of-a-national-survey
#12
Poorna Kushalnagar, Raychelle Harris, Raylene Paludneviciene, TraciAnn Hoglind
BACKGROUND: The Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) collects nationally representative data about the American's public use of health-related information. This survey is available in English and Spanish, but not in American Sign Language (ASL). Thus, the exclusion of ASL users from these national health information survey studies has led to a significant gap in knowledge of Internet usage for health information access in this underserved and understudied population. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are (1) to culturally adapt and linguistically translate the HINTS items to ASL (HINTS-ASL); and (2) to gather information about deaf people's health information seeking behaviors across technology-mediated platforms...
September 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892746/urban-social-exclusion-and-mental-health-of-china-s-rural-urban-migrants-a-review-and-call-for-research
#13
REVIEW
Jie Li, Nikolas Rose
China's internal rural-urban migrants experience social exclusion that may have significant mental health implications. This has historically been exacerbated by the hukou system. Echoing recent calls for interdisciplinary research on the interdependencies of urbanization and mental health, this review examines evidence of rural-urban migrants' mental health status in comparison with nonmigrants and its association with various dimensions of social exclusion. We found conflicting evidence on the mental health status of migrants in comparison with nonmigrants, but strong evidence that social exclusion is negatively associated with migrants' mental health: limited access to full labour rights and experience of social stigma, discrimination and inequity were the most significant factors...
September 8, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890443/stress-and-sex-does-cortisol-mediate-sex-change-in-fish
#14
Alexander Goikoetxea, Erica Todd, Neil Gemmell
Cortisol is the main glucocorticoid in fish and the hormone most directly associated with stress. Recent research suggests that this hormone may act as a key factor linking social environmental stimuli and the onset of sex change by initiating a shift in steroidogenesis from estrogens to androgens. For many teleost fish, sex change occurs as a usual part of the life cycle. Changing sex is known to enhance the lifetime reproductive success of these fish and the modifications involved (behavioral, gonadal, morphological) are well studied...
September 10, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886400/breastfeeding-increases-microbial-community-resilience
#15
Isabel I Carvalho-Ramos, Rubens T D Duarte, Katia Brandt, Marina B Martinez, Carla R Taddei
OBJECTIVE: Since the present group had already described the composition of the intestinal microbiota of Brazilian infants under low social economic level, the aim of the present study was to analyze the microbial community structure changes in this group of infants during their early life due to external factors. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from 11 infants monthly during the first year of life. The infants were followed regarding clinical and diet information and characterized according to breastfeeding practices...
September 5, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885103/lgbq-specific-elderly-housing-as-a-sparkling-sanctuary-boundary-work-on-lgbq-identity-and-community-in-relationship-to-a-potential-lgbq-specific-elderly-housing-in-sweden
#16
Lena Rosenberg, Anders Kottorp, Karin Johansson
This study explored how boundaries in relationship to community and identity were created and negotiated among lesbian, gay, bisexual and queer (LGBQ) people, within the framework of picturing LGBQ specific elderly housing as a housing alternative in older age, by applying focus group methodology. 'An island as a sparkling sanctuary' was identified as a metaphor for how symbolic resources defining the LGBQ community can be manifested in LGBQ specific qualities of elderly housing. The boundary work underlying this manifestation included elaborations on the dilemma between exclusiveness and normality...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882545/how-patients-use-of-social-media-impacts-their-interactions-with-healthcare-professionals
#17
A Benetoli, T F Chen, P Aslani
INTRODUCTION: Patients are increasingly accessing online health information and have become more participatory in their engagement with the advent of social media (SM). This study explored how patients' use of SM impacted their interactions with healthcare professionals (HCPs). METHODS: Focus groups (n=5) were conducted with 36 patients with chronic conditions and on medication who used SM for health-related purposes. The discussions lasted 60-90min, were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and thematically analysed...
August 30, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882475/-use-of-harmonic-blade-in-face-lifting
#18
F Firmin, P-L Vincent
INTRODUCTION: Rapid recovery and return to social activities are what every patient wishes when considering to undergo a face lifting procedure. In our practice, the use of the Harmonic scalpel in order to achieve this goal has greatly improved the postoperative period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We have performed 920 face lifting procedures exclusively using the Harmonic scalpel from 2001 to May 2017. RESULTS: A retrospective chart review was performed...
September 4, 2017: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878703/you-look-human-but-act-like-a-machine-agent-appearance-and-behavior-modulate-different-aspects-of-human-robot-interaction
#19
Abdulaziz Abubshait, Eva Wiese
Gaze following occurs automatically in social interactions, but the degree to which gaze is followed depends on whether an agent is perceived to have a mind, making its behavior socially more relevant for the interaction. Mind perception also modulates the attitudes we have toward others, and determines the degree of empathy, prosociality, and morality invested in social interactions. Seeing mind in others is not exclusive to human agents, but mind can also be ascribed to non-human agents like robots, as long as their appearance and/or behavior allows them to be perceived as intentional beings...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877213/ostracism-via-virtual-chat-room-effects-on-basic-needs-anger-and-pain
#20
Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Lucas Murrins Marques, Olivia Morgan Lapenta, Manish Kumar Asthana, David Amodio, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
Ostracism is characterized by a social pain provoked by being excluded and ignored. In order to address the effects of social ostracism in virtual non-physical interactions, we developed a more realistic paradigm as an alternative to Cyberball and assessed its effects on participant's expression of basic social needs, emotional experience and painful feeling. The chat room consisted of controlled social dialogue interactions between participants and two other (confederate) chat room partners. Exclusion was manipulated by varying the number of messages a participant received (15% and 33% in exclusion and inclusion, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
36267
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"