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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724030/-violence-and-mental-health-issues-among-mexican-adolescents-that-have-considered-or-attempted-cross-border-migration
#1
Ruben Chavez-Ayala, Emanuel Orozco-Núñez, Marcela Sánchez-Estrada, Carlos Hernández-Girón
The aim of this study was to estimate the role of victimization by violence among Mexican adolescents that have considered or attempted migrating to the United States, including mental health variables (emotional self-esteem, self-esteem in school, depression, suicidal ideation, and attempted suicide) as mediators of the effects. The study used a cross-sectional design with a stratified cluster sample of 13,198 adolescents from the 2nd Mexican National Survey on Exclusion, Intolerance, and Violence in public schools in 2009...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723993/healthcare-and-development-a-dialog-with-the-thinking-of-celso-furtado
#2
Laís Silveira Costa, Ligia Bahia, Patrícia Seixas da Costa Braga
Understanding that conditions of health are dependent on more general nationwide factors relating to the level of development means admitting that 'sectorization' of health service is something that tends to limit the formation of knowledge. It also points to the importance of investigating the relationship between health and development, including issues about the processes that feed the persistence of the polarization between modernization and exclusion which has been a history of Brazil's contemporary development...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722556/spanning-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-mnch-and-health-systems-research-boundaries-conducive-and-limiting-health-systems-factors-to-improving-mnch-outcomes-in-west-africa
#3
Irene Akua Agyepong, Aku Kwamie, Edith Frimpong, Selina Defor, Abdallah Ibrahim, Genevieve C Aryeetey, Virgil Lokossou, Issiaka Sombie
BACKGROUND: Despite improvements over time, West Africa lags behind global as well as sub-Saharan averages in its maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes. This is despite the availability of an increasing body of knowledge on interventions that improve such outcomes. Beyond our knowledge of what interventions work, insights are needed on others factors that facilitate or inhibit MNCH outcome improvement. This study aimed to explore health system factors conducive or limiting to MNCH policy and programme implementation and outcomes in West Africa, and how and why they work in context...
July 12, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721701/challenges-of-connectedness-in-personal-recovery-for-rural-mothers-with-mental-illness
#4
Rochelle Helena Hine, Darryl Maybery, Melinda Jane Goodyear
Social connection is a fundamental human need, but challenging for individuals with characteristics that are socially stigmatized. Parenting with mental illness presents obstacles, as well as opportunities, for connection. In the present study, we examined connectedness within a personal recovery paradigm for rural mothers with a mental illness. In-depth interviews with 17 mothers with a mental illness, utilizing constructivist grounded theory, resulted in six categories of meaning, including 'yearning for connection', 'connecting intensely', 'encountering rejection and exclusion', 'choosing isolation', 'being known', and 'finding peers/helping others'...
July 18, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721675/callous-unemotional-traits-are-uniquely-associated-with-poorer-peer-functioning-in-school-aged-children
#5
Sarah M Haas, Stephen P Becker, Jeffery N Epstein, Paul J Frick
This study examines externalizing symptoms (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD], conduct problems, and callous-unemotional [CU] traits) in relation to domains of peer functioning (social competence, loneliness, and close friendship quality), with a specific focus on the role of CU traits. One hundred twenty-four elementary students (grades 3-6; 45% boys) completed multiple measures of peer functioning, and teachers completed measures of externalizing symptoms and social competence. After controlling for demographic variables and other externalizing symptoms, CU traits were significantly associated with poorer peer functioning across all variables except for demands of exclusivity in close friendships...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717383/what-influences-feeding-decisions-for-hiv-exposed-infants-in-rural-kenya
#6
Helen M Nabwera, Joyline Jepkosgei, Kelly W Muraya, Amin S Hassan, Catherine S Molyneux, Rehema Ali, Andrew M Prentice, James A Berkley, Martha K Mwangome
BACKGROUND: Infant feeding in the context of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) poses unique challenges to mothers and healthcare workers in balancing the perceived risks of HIV transmission and nutritional requirements. We aimed to describe the decision-making processes around infant feeding at a rural HIV clinic in Kenya. METHODS: We used a qualitative study design. Between March and August 2011, we conducted in-depth interviews (n = 9) and focus group discussions (n = 10) with purposively selected hospital and community respondents at Kilifi County Hospital, Kenya...
2017: International Breastfeeding Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716704/-psychosocial-working-conditions-of-physician-assistants-results-from-a-qualitative-study-on-occupational-stress-resources-possible-approaches-to-prevention-and-intervention-needs
#7
Patricia Vu-Eickmann, Adrian Loerbroks
BACKGROUND: Numerous studies have documented adverse psychosocial working conditions among health care staff. Working conditions may not only impair the health outcomes of this professional group, but can also affect the quality of care they deliver to patients. Previous work stress research has mainly focused on physicians and nurses. Comparable evidence remains limited, however, for physician assistants (Medizinische Fachangestellte, MFAs), who represent the largest professional group in German primary care...
July 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716579/urinary-nnal-in-hookah-smokers-and-non-smokers-after-attending-a-hookah-social-event-in-a-hookah-lounge-or-a-private-home
#8
Nada O F Kassem, Noura O Kassem, Sandy Liles, Sheila R Jackson, Dale A Chatfield, Peyton Jacob, Neal L Benowitz, Melbourne F Hovell
Tobacco smoking and exposure to tobacco secondhand smoke (SHS) can cause lung cancer. We determined uptake of NNK (4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone), a tobacco specific potent pulmonary carcinogen, in hookah smokers and non-smokers exposed to hookah tobacco SHS. We analyzed data from a community-based convenience sample of 201 of adult (aged ≥18 years) exclusive hookah smokers (n = 99) and non-smokers (n = 102) residing in San Diego County, California. Participants spent an average of three consecutive hours indoors, in hookah lounges or private homes, where hookah tobacco was smoked exclusively...
July 14, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715983/addressing-social-anxiety-concurrently-with-prison-based-sex-offender-treatment-a-case-of-individual-needs-in-an-era-of-manualized-treatment
#9
Michael P Lasher, Jon R Webb, Jill D Stinson, Peggy J Cantrell
Emotional regulation may be an underaddressed therapeutic target in sex offender treatment. This article presents a case report of "Adam," a Caucasian male referred to a prison-based sex offender treatment program. Adam's social anxiety was recognized as an antecendent to his sexual offending, and treatment of such, as a critical adjunct to sex offender treatment, is discussed herein. Adam's individualized treatment included aspects of rational emotive behavior therapy and time-limited dynamic psychotherapy...
July 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715062/gestational-weight-gain-historical-evolution-of-a-contested-health-outcome
#10
Edmond D Shenassa, Celena Kinsey, Marian Moser Jones, Jenifer Fahey
The history of research on gestational weight gain (GWG) in the United States and United Kingdom provides a context for current clinical practice. We trace the evolution of research on GWG in scientific literature from the 19th century to the present and examine its implications for contemporary clinical and public health practice. Obstetricians, beginning in the late 1800s, recommended dieting during pregnancy in order to limit GWG to 20 lb or less, driven by a belief that excessive weight gain was a cause of toxemia...
July 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711763/cult-membership-what-factors-contribute-to-joining-or-leaving
#11
M Rousselet, O Duretete, J B Hardouin, M Grall-Bronnec
We assumed that, as in the case of addiction disorders, former cult members exhibit vulnerability and protective factors for cult commitment and membership. Thus, the aim of our study was to identify vulnerability factors that are involved in the commitment and in the retention in the group, as well as protective factors that are involved in the departure. We interviewed 31 former cult members, using semi-structured interviews to evaluate their clinical profile, characteristics of the cultic group and their experience in the group...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709987/the-neural-correlates-of-dealing-with-social-exclusion-in-childhood
#12
Mara van der Meulen, Nikolaus Steinbeis, Michelle Achterberg, Elisabeth Bilo, Bianca G van den Bulk, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Eveline A Crone
Observing social exclusion can be a distressing experience for children that can be followed by concerns for self-inclusion (self-concerns), as well as prosocial behavior to help others in distress (other-concerns). Indeed, behavioral studies have shown that observed social exclusion elicits prosocial compensating behavior in children, but motivations for the compensation of social exclusion are not well understood. To distinguish between self-concerns and other-concerns when observing social exclusion in childhood, participants (aged 7-10) played a four-player Prosocial Cyberball Game in which they could toss a ball to three other players...
July 11, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708044/relationship-between-attachment-and-executive-dysfunction-in-the-homeless
#13
José M Rodríguez-Pellejero, Juan L Núñez
The executive functions of the homeless may be contributing to the success or failure of social integration processes. The goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between attachment and executive dysfunction in the homeless, specifically, to analyze the prevalence of adult attachment and executive dysfunction patterns, as well as the predictive power of different types of attachment for executive functioning. Participants were 107 homeless. Descriptive analysis revealed the prevalence of insecure attachment, and a high prevalence of clinically significant executive dysfunction...
July 14, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705692/how-early-do-social-determinants-of-health-begin-to-operate-results-from-the-fragile-families-and-child-wellbeing-study
#14
Anao Zhang, Yolanda C Padilla, Yeonwoo Kim
From a life course perspective, important insights about how social determinants of health operate can be gained by analyzing the various forms that social climate can take in different life periods. For children, a critical aspect of social climate is exposure to bullying. Bullying can serve as a proxy for power imbalance and social exclusion analogous to adult social climate of discrimination and racism. We used the Year 9 follow-up data of the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (N=3301) that, for the first time included interviews with the children...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705165/on-the-plausibility-of-socioeconomic-mortality-estimates-derived-from-linked-data-a-demographic-approach
#15
Mathias Lerch, Adrian Spoerri, Domantas Jasilionis, Francisco Viciana Fernandèz
BACKGROUND: Reliable estimates of mortality according to socioeconomic status play a crucial role in informing the policy debate about social inequality, social cohesion, and exclusion as well as about the reform of pension systems. Linked mortality data have become a gold standard for monitoring socioeconomic differentials in survival. Several approaches have been proposed to assess the quality of the linkage, in order to avoid the misclassification of deaths according to socioeconomic status...
July 14, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705016/education-and-social-inclusion-of-people-with-disabilities-in-five-countries-in-west-africa-a-literature-review
#16
Emma Jolley, Paul Lynch, Bhavisha Virendrakumar, Stacy Rowe, Elena Schmidt
PURPOSE: An estimated 1 billion people worldwide live with some form of disability. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals and the "Leave no one behind" agenda, there is a global momentum to ensure that disadvantaged groups, not least people with disabilities, are included and accounted for, in mainstream development efforts. However, in many low-income settings little is known about disability and the policies and programs in place to improve the lives of those affected...
July 14, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701979/protecting-the-environment-for-self-interested-reasons-altruism-is-not-the-only-pathway-to-sustainability
#17
Stefano De Dominicis, P Wesley Schultz, Marino Bonaiuto
Concerns for environmental issues are important drivers of sustainable and pro-environmental behaviors, and can be differentiated between those with a self-enhancing (egoistic) vs. self-transcendent (biospheric) psychological foundation. Yet to date, the dominant approach for promoting pro-environmental behavior has focused on highlighting the benefits to others or nature, rather than appealing to self-interest. Building on the Inclusion Model for Environmental Concern, we argue that egoistic and biospheric environmental concerns, respectively, conceptualized as self-interest and altruism, are hierarchically structured, such that altruism is inclusive of self-interest...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701770/racial-and-social-disparities-in-the-access-to-automated-peritoneal-dialysis-results-of-a-national-pd-cohort
#18
Roberto Pecoits-Filho, Silvia Carreira Ribeiro, Adam Kirk, Helder Sebastião da Silva, Arthur Pille, Ricardo Sprenger Falavinha, Sandro Scolari Filho, Ana Elizabeth Figueiredo, Pasqual Barretti, Thyago Proença de Moraes
The prevalence of patients on automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is increasing worldwide and may be guided by clinical characteristics, financial issues and patient option. Whether socioeconomic factors at the patient level may influence the decision for the initial peritoneal dialysis (PD) modality is unknown. This is a prospective cohort study. The primary outcome of interest was the probability to start PD on APD. The inclusion criteria were adult patients incident in PD. Exclusion criteria were missing data for either race or initial PD modality...
July 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701205/art-therapy-and-music-reminiscence-activity-in-the-prevention-of-cognitive-decline-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Rathi Mahendran, Iris Rawtaer, Johnson Fam, Jonathan Wong, Alan Prem Kumar, Mihir Gandhi, Kenny Xu Jing, Lei Feng, Ee Heok Kua
BACKGROUND: Attention has shifted to the use of non-pharmacological interventions to prevent cognitive decline as a preventive strategy, as well as for those at risk and those with mild cognitive impairment. Early introduction of psycho-social interventions can address cognitive decline and significantly impact quality of life and the wellbeing of elderly individuals. This pilot study explores the feasibility of using art therapy and music reminiscence activity to improve the cognition of community living elderly with mild cognitive impairment...
July 12, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699364/assistive-technologies-to-address-capabilities-of-people-with-dementia-from-research-to-practice
#20
Paul-Ariel Kenigsberg, Jean-Pierre Aquino, Alain Bérard, François Brémond, Kevin Charras, Tom Dening, Rose-Marie Droës, Fabrice Gzil, Ben Hicks, Anthea Innes, Mai Nguyen, Louise Nygård, Maribel Pino, Guillaume Sacco, Eric Salmon, Henriëtte van der Roest, Hervé Villet, Marion Villez, Philippe Robert, Valeria Manera
Assistive technologies became pervasive and virtually present in all our life domains. They can be either an enabler or an obstacle leading to social exclusion. The Fondation Médéric Alzheimer gathered international experts of dementia care, with backgrounds in biomedical, human and social sciences, to analyze how assistive technologies can address the capabilities of people with dementia, on the basis of their needs. Discussion covered the unmet needs of people with dementia, the domains of daily life activities where assistive technologies can provide help to people with dementia, the enabling and empowering impact of technology to improve their safety and wellbeing, barriers and limits of use, technology assessment, ethical and legal issues...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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