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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079166/oxytocin-biases-men-but-not-women-to-restore-social-connections-with-individuals-who-socially-exclude-them
#1
Xiaolei Xu, Shuxia Yao, Lei Xu, Yayuan Geng, Weihua Zhao, Xiaole Ma, Juan Kou, Ruixue Luo, Keith M Kendrick
We normally react to individuals who exclude us socially by either avoiding them or increasing our attempts to interact with them. The neuropeptide oxytocin can promote social bonds and reduce social conflict and we therefore investigated whether it facilitates more positive social responses towards individuals who exclude or include us. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled, between-subject design 77 healthy Chinese male and female participants received intranasal oxytocin (40 IU) or placebo before playing a modified virtual ball-tossing game with three fictitious partners who either showed exclusion, inclusion or neutral behavioral interactions with them...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077170/prosodic-processing-post-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#2
Gabriela Ilie, Michael D Cusimano, Wenshan Li
BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) survivors often report difficulties with understanding and producing paralinguistic cues, as well as understanding and producing basic communication tasks. However, a large range of communicative deficits in this population cannot be adequately explained by linguistic impairment. The review examines prosodic processing performance post-TBI, its relationship with injury severity, brain injury localization, recovery and co-occurring psychiatric or mental health issues post-TBI METHODS: A systematic review using several databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane, LLBA (Linguistics and Language Behaviour Abstract) and Web of Science (January 1980 to May 2015), as well as a manual search of the cited references of the selected articles and the search cited features of PubMed was performed...
January 4, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076527/-on-the-sidelines-of-society-crack-use-deviation-criminalization-and-social-exclusion-a-narrative-review
#3
Lidiane Toledo, Andrés Góngora, Francisco Inácio P M Bastos
The article comprises a narrative review of the scientific literature, aiming to identify and discuss the contexts of vulnerability and social exclusion faced by users of crack cocaine and other substances who live on the sidelines of society in the Brazilian and international context. The paper summarizes insights from different theoretical frameworks, focusing on an integrated perspective of substance use and abuse, with an emphasis on the use of crack and its inter-relationships with social vulnerability, marginalization, social exclusion and deviation...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073727/psychosocial-vulnerability-and-hiv-aids-epidemiological-situation-among-people-with-hearing-disabilities-in-four-towns-in-cameroon
#4
C P Mboua, A Touko
The scientific literature about disabled people has stressed their high exposure to social exclusion and marginalization, linked to ways of thinking and representations about them. In the area of HIV/AIDS, this marginalization, which results in higher levels of self-stigmatization and especially in inequalities in prevention, continues to put disabled people at high risk of HIV infection. The current study, conducted with a socioepidemiological and behavioral approach, included 317 people with hearing disabilities, recruited through purposive sampling combined with a snowball approach...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072807/occipital-nerve-stimulation-for-refractory-chronic-migraine-results-of-a-long-term-prospective-study
#5
Dolores Rodrigo, Pilar Acin, Pedro Bermejo
BACKGROUND: Refractory chronic migraine affects approximately 4% of the population worldwide and results in severe pain, lifestyle limitations, and decreased quality of life. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) refers to the electric stimulation of the distal branches of greater and lesser occipital nerves; the surgical technique has previously been described and has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of a wide variety of headache disorders. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term efficacy and tolerability of ONS for medically intractable chronic migraine...
January 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072040/altered-empathy-for-psychological-and-physical-pain-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#6
Vera Flasbeck, Björn Enzi, Martin Brüne
Many patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) experience difficulties in empathizing with others and are sensitive to social exclusion. Accordingly, the authors developed a novel Social Interaction Empathy Task to examine empathy for physical and psychological pain from first- and third-person perspectives. Fifty female patients with BPD and forty-eight controls matched for age and gender were included. Alexithymia was also measured. Patients with BPD rated neutral and psychologically painful situations as more painful than healthy controls, and patients with BPD rated psychological pain as more intense in the first-person perspective than in the third-person perspective...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065884/how-far-are-we-from-full-implementation-of-health-promoting-workplace-concepts-a-review-of-implementation-tools-and-frameworks-in-workplace-interventions
#7
Masoud Motalebi G, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Karl Kuhn, Ali Ramezankhani, Mansour R Azari
INTRODUCTION: Health promoting workplace frameworks provide a holistic view on determinants of workplace health and the link between individuals, work and environment, however, the operationalization of these frameworks has not been very clear. This study provides a typology of the different understandings, frameworks/tools used in the workplace health promotion practice or research worldwide. It discusses the degree of their conformity with Ottawa Charter's spirit and the key actions expected to be implemented in health promoting settings such as workplaces...
January 8, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065616/experience-on-mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-stroke-treatment-in-a-brazilian-university-hospital
#8
Guilherme S Nakiri, Luis H Castro-Afonso, Lucas M Monsignore, Francisco A Dias, Frederico F Alessio-Alves, Soraia Ramos C Fabio, Millene R Camilo, Pedro T Cougo-Pinto, Octavio M Pontes-Neto, João Pereira Leite, Daniel G Abud
BACKGROUND: Brazil is a developing country struggling to reduce its extreme social inequality, which is reflected on shortage of health-care infrastructure, mainly to the low-income class, which depends exclusively on the public health system. In Brazil, less than 1% of stroke patients have access to intravenous thrombolysis in a stroke unit, and constraints to the development of mechanical thrombectomy in the public health system increase the social burden of stroke. OBJECTIVE: Report the feasibility of mechanical thrombectomy as part of routine stroke care in a Brazilian public university hospital...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064525/healthy-children-strong-families-2-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-american-indian-families-designed-using-community-based-approaches
#9
Emily J Tomayko, Ronald J Prince, Kate A Cronin, Tassy Parker, Kyungmann Kim, Vernon M Grant, Judith N Sheche, Alexandra K Adams
Background/Aims Few obesity prevention trials have focused on young children and their families in the home environment, particularly in underserved communities. Healthy Children, Strong Families 2 is a randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle intervention for American Indian children and their families, a group at very high risk of obesity. The study design resulted from our long-standing engagement with American Indian communities, and few collaborations of this type resulting in the development and implementation of a randomized clinical trial have been described...
January 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064385/review-of-yoga-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#10
REVIEW
Suzanne C Danhauer, Elizabeth L Addington, Stephanie J Sohl, Alejandro Chaoul, Lorenzo Cohen
PURPOSE: Reviews of yoga research that distinguish results of trials conducted during (versus after) cancer treatment are needed to guide future research and clinical practice. We therefore conducted a review of non-randomized studies and randomized controlled trials of yoga interventions for children and adults undergoing treatment for any cancer type. METHODS: Studies were identified via research databases and reference lists. Inclusion criteria were the following: (1) children or adults undergoing cancer treatment, (2) intervention stated as yoga or component of yoga, and (3) publication in English in peer-reviewed journals through October 2015...
January 7, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064111/modification-of-the-medical-exclusion-criterion-in-dsm-5-social-anxiety-disorder-comorbid-obesity-as-an-example
#11
Kristy L Dalrymple, Emily Walsh, Lia Rosenstein, Iwona Chelminski, Mark Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: The DSM 5 modified the medical exclusion criterion from DSM-IV, which now allows for a diagnosis of social anxiety disorder (SAD) to be given if the fears are related only to the medical condition (e.g., obesity) yet cause significant impairment or distress. METHODS: To examine this modification, the current study compared bariatric surgery candidates with DSM-IV SAD (n=135), modified SAD (clinically significant social fears related to obesity only; n=40), and no history of Axis I disorders (n=616) on variables related to pre-surgical problematic eating behaviors, body image dissatisfaction, functional impairment, and other characteristics related to bariatric surgery...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063604/-next-to-you-young-children-sit-closer-to-a-person-following-vicarious-ostracism
#12
Vesna Marinović, Sebastian Wahl, Birgit Träuble
Seeking proximity to another person immediately expresses affiliative intentions. These are highly relevant after experiencing social exclusion. Through a novel task, the current study investigated the relation between proximity and observed ostracism during early childhood. A sample of 64 children (Mage=58months) first watched priming videos either depicting ostracism or not. Subsequently, children saw four seats of varying distances from an interactant's seat and chose where to sit. Children who observed social exclusion selected seats with higher proximity...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057384/austerity-and-the-embodiment-of-neoliberalism-as-ill-health-towards-a-theory-of-biological-sub-citizenship
#13
Matthew Sparke
This article charts the diverse pathways through which austerity and other policy shifts associated with neoliberalism have come to be embodied globally in ill-health. It combines a review of research on these processes of embodiment with the development of a theory of the resulting forms of biological sub-citizenship. This theory builds on other studies that have already sought to complement and complicate the concept of biological citizenship with attention to the globally uneven experience and embodiment of bioinequalities...
December 25, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056903/development-of-the-health-literacy-on-social-determinants-of-health-questionnaire-in-japanese-adults
#14
Masayoshi Matsumoto, Kazuhiro Nakayama
BACKGROUND: Health inequities are increasing worldwide, with mounting evidence showing that the greatest cause of which are social determinants of health. To reduce inequities, a lot of citizens need to be able to access, understand, appraise, and apply information on the social determinants; that is, they need to improve health literacy on social determinants of health. However, only a limited number of scales focus on these considerations; hence, we developed the Health Literacy on Social Determinants of Health Questionnaire (HL-SDHQ) and examined its psychometric properties...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056582/attitudes-of-health-professionals-towards-the-stigma-surrounding-depression-in-times-of-economic-crisis
#15
Maria Saridi, Aikaterini Kordosi, Aikaterini Toska, Lily Evangelia Peppou, Marina Economou, Kyriakos Souliotis
INTRODUCTION: The stigma of mental illness and the ensuing social exclusion are due to the lack of knowledge on the causality of mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to record the stigmatic attitudes of health professionals towards depression, patients suffering from it and the available therapeutic approaches. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of the study included 609 health professionals working in the General Hospital of Corinth...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056378/maternal-gaze-to-the-infant-face-effects-of-infant-age-and-facial-configuration-during-mother-infant-engagement-in-the-first-nine-weeks
#16
Leonardo De Pascalis, Natalie Kkeli, Bhismadev Chakrabarti, Louise Dalton, Kyla Vaillancourt, Holly Rayson, Sarah Bicknell, Tim Goodacre, Peter Cooper, Alan Stein, Lynne Murray
BACKGROUND: Adult gaze plays an important role in early infant development, and infants are highly sensitive to its presence and direction. Little is known, however, about how adults look at infants while interacting with them. Using eye-tracking technology, this study investigated maternal gaze during naturalistic interactions, and how it was influenced by infant age, focusing on the transition from the first to the second month when social expressiveness emerges, and by infant facial configuration, focusing on the effect of cleft lip...
January 2, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054313/emotion-coregulation-in-mother-child-dyads-a-dynamic-systems-analysis-of-children-with-and-without-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Yuqing Guo, Dana Rose Garfin, Agnes Ly, Wendy A Goldberg
Few studies have investigated patterns of emotion coregulation in families of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or contrasted the ways in which their emotion coregulation patterns differ from families of typically developing (TD) children. To address this gap, we used a dynamic systems approach to compare flexible structure and emotional content of coregulation between mothers and children (3-7 years) with ASD (n = 47) and TD children (n = 26). Mother-child play interactions in the home were videotaped and emotion-engagement states were coded in micro-level 5-s intervals based on behavioral and affective expressions...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053019/biological-mechanisms-whereby-social-exclusion-may-contribute-to-the-etiology-of-psychosis-a-narrative-review
#18
Jean-Paul Selten, Jan Booij, Bauke Buwalda, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg
The purpose of this review is to examine whether a contribution of social exclusion to the pathogenesis of psychosis is compatible with the dopamine hypothesis and/or the neurodevelopmental hypothesis. Humans experience social exclusion as defeating. An animal model for defeat is the resident-intruder paradigm. The defeated animal shows evidence of an increased sensitivity to amphetamine, increased dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens and prefrontal cortex, and increased firing of dopaminergic neurons in the ventral tegmental area...
January 3, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049101/how-prevalent-and-morbid-are-subthreshold-manifestations-of-major-depression-in-adolescents-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Nicholas W Carrellas, Joseph Biederman, Mai Uchida
INTRODUCTION: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) among youth is a public health concern. Our aim was to examine the current body of knowledge to better characterize the prevalence and morbidity associated with subthreshold forms of MDD among youth. Given that MDD tends to develop gradually over time, we hypothesized a high prevalence and considerable impairment associated with youth suffering from depressive symptoms that fall short of full, syndromic status. METHODS: A literature search was conducted using PubMed exclusively to identify studies assessing the prevalence and clinical characteristics of subthreshold MDD in adolescents...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042922/patient-readmission-for-orthopedic-surgical-site-infection-an-hermeneutic-phenomenological-approach
#20
Lilian Machado Torres, Ruth Natalia Teresa Turrini, Miriam Aparecida Barbosa Merighi
AIM: To explore the individual experience of being readmitted for SSI resulting from orthopedic surgery. BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection has been a cause of concern worldwide and contributes to the greatest number of hospital readmission occurrences. Health professionals must understand the meaning of these readmissions for the individual, as an understanding of these exclusive experiences improve the quality of surgical care. DESIGN: Qualitative research based on the existential phenomenology of Martin Heidegger...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
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