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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334226/ethnic-youth-and-sexual-identity-the-role-of-clinical-and-social-support-for-double-minorities
#1
Nicole Wong, David B Menkes
OBJECTIVES: Sexual-minority youth exhibit increased rates of psychiatric morbidity, subject to various social factors. We examine the impact of ethnicity and culture on these phenomena, with particular reference to Asian youth living in Western societies. CONCLUSIONS: Youth from minority ethnic groups who do not identify with their native gender and/or who are not exclusively heterosexual are known as 'double minorities'. Available evidence suggests that such individuals are at particularly increased risk of depression and suicide, but that this may be mitigated by social support...
January 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334035/neural-correlates-of-ostracism-in-transgender-persons-living-according-to-their-gender-identity-a-potential-risk-marker-for-psychopathology
#2
Sven C Mueller, Katrien Wierckx, Sara Boccadoro, Guy T'Sjoen
BACKGROUND: Stigmatization in society carries a high risk for development of psychopathology. Transgender persons are at particularly high risk for such stigmatization and social rejection by others. However, the neural correlates of ostracism in this group have not been captured. METHOD: Twenty transgender men (TM, female-to-male) and 19 transgender women (TW, male-to-female) already living in their gender identity and 20 cisgender men (CM) and 20 cisgender women (CW) completed a cyberball task assessing both exclusion and re-inclusion during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)...
January 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329955/longitudinal-predictors-of-early-language-in-infants-with-down-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#3
Emily Mason-Apps, Vesna Stojanovik, Carmel Houston-Price, Sue Buckley
PURPOSE: Children with Down syndrome (DS) typically have marked delays in language development relative to their general cognitive development, with particular difficulties in expressive compared to receptive language. Although early social communication skills, including gestures and joint attention, have been shown to be related to later language outcomes in DS, knowledge is limited as to whether these factors exclusively predict outcomes, or whether other factors (e.g. perceptual and non-verbal skills) are involved...
January 9, 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329792/-implementation-of-a-health-promotion-programme-for-women-in-social-exclusion-in-the-city-of-seville-spain
#4
Cristina Rodríguez Fernández-Viagas, Carmen García Gil, Nora Bayo Barroso, Cristina Villalba Quesada, Manuela Álvarez Girón
Health promotion can contribute towards reducing inequality and ensuring equal opportunities, providing the means to enable the entire population to develop its maximum health possibilities. Women living in areas with social transformation needs (ASTN) are an especially vulnerable group due to the situation of material deprivation and social exclusion in which they live. Health promotion programmes for this group can bring about an improvement in their health. This paper describes the health promotion programme Socio-educational Groups of Primary Care for Women (SEGPC-W), and evaluates its implementation in ASTN in the city of Seville (Spain), as well as the benefits and difficulties of its development through a documentary analysis and interviews with participating professionals...
January 9, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329058/association-of-comorbid-personality-disorders-with-clinical-characteristics-and-outcome-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-two-psychotherapies-for-early-onset-persistent-depressive-disorder
#5
Nele Erkens, Elisabeth Schramm, Levente Kriston, Martin Hautzinger, Martin Härter, Ulrich Schweiger, Jan Philipp Klein
BACKGROUND: Persistent depressive disorder (PDD) is associated with high rates of comorbid personality disorders (PD). The association of comorbid PD and clinical characteristics has not been systematically studied in PDD. Results regarding effects on treatment outcome are heterogeneous. METHODS: We analyzed the association of comorbid personality disorders with clinical characteristics and outcome in a randomized controlled trial comparing the disorder-specific Cognitive Behavioral Analysis System of Psychotherapy (CBASP) with nonspecific supportive psychotherapy (SP) in patients with early-onset PDD...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327350/adopting-innovation-in-gynaecology-the-introduction-of-e-consult
#6
Rebecca Mann, Peter H M van de Weijer
OBJECTIVE: To describe the development of an e-consultation service as part of the triaging and grading process of referrals and to report on the efficacy and safety of such a service. METHODS: All gynaecology e-consults in the study period June 2015 to March 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The outcomes of interest were the initial reduction in first face-to-face hospital visits, and the rate of re-referrals. Acute admission for the same reason, a subsequent diagnosis of underlying (pre)-malignancy, or patient death from the condition related to the index referral were selected as measures for patient safety...
January 12, 2018: Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327140/children-s-experiences-of-congenital-heart-disease-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-studies
#7
REVIEW
Lauren S H Chong, Dominic A Fitzgerald, Jonathan C Craig, Karine E Manera, Camilla S Hanson, David Celermajer, Julian Ayer, Nadine A Kasparian, Allison Tong
We aimed to describe the experiences of children and adolescents with congenital heart disease (CHD). Electronic databases were searched until August 2016. Qualitative studies of children's perspectives on CHD were included. Data was extracted using thematic synthesis. From 44 studies from 12 countries involving 995 children, we identified 6 themes: disrupting normality (denying the diagnosis, oscillating between sickness and health, destabilizing the family dynamic), powerlessness in deteriorating health (preoccupation with impending mortality, vulnerability to catastrophic complications, exhaustion from medical testing), enduring medical ordeals (traumatized by invasive procedures, disappointed by treatment failure, displaced by transition, valuing empathy and continuity in care, overcoming uncertainty with information), warring with the body (losing stamina, distressing inability to participate in sport, distorted body image, testing the limits), hampering potential and goals (feeling disabled, unfair judgment and exclusion, difficulties with academic achievement, limiting attainment and maintenance of life milestones), and establishing one's own pace (demarcating disease from life, determination to survive, taking limitations in their stride, embracing the positives, finding personal enrichment, relying on social or spiritual support)...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318629/tony-nevin-the-embrace-of-translational-work-by-a-basic-scientist
#8
F Charles Mace
Here I summarize John A. "Tony" Nevin's evolution as a translational author. All of his publications were classified by title and content as being primarily experimental analysis of behavior or translational. Translational works were subtyped as interpretative, descriptive research, or experimental research. During the first 20 years of his publication career, Tony published exclusively experimental analysis of behavior work. In 1982, he began a series of interpretative translational analyses on topics of significant social importance...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317437/infant-feeding-practices-among-hiv-exposed-infants-less-than-6-months-of-age-in-bomet-county-kenya-an-in-depth-qualitative-study-of-feeding-choices
#9
Purity Chepkorir Lang'at, Irene Ogada, Audrey Steenbeek, Noni E MacDonald, Sophie Ochola, Wesley Bor, Godfrey Odinga
BACKGROUND: In children, HIV can be acquired from the mother during pregnancy, delivery and through breast milk. The WHO recommends exclusive breast feeding or exclusive replacement feeding for the first 6 months after birth for HIV-exposed infants. Barriers such as HIV-related stigma, inadequate resources, lack of access to safe water and negative cultural beliefs have been shown to influence infant feeding among HIV-exposed infants in some settings. In Kenya, there is limited literature on the barriers...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317222/do-performance-measures-of-strength-balance-and-mobility-predict-quality-of-life-and-community-reintegration-after-stroke
#10
Joshua W Cohen, Tanya D Ivanova, Brenda Brouwer, Kimberly J Miller, Dianne Bryant, S Jayne Garland
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the extent to which physical performance measures of strength, balance and mobility taken at discharge from inpatient stroke rehabilitation can predict health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and community reintegration after 6 months. DESIGN: Longitudinal Study SETTING: University Laboratory PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-five adults recruited within one month following discharge home from inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Inclusion criteria were: major unilateral hemispheric stroke, English speaking, able to communicate, discharged home...
January 6, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316863/reimagining-publics-and-non-participation-exploring-exclusion-from-science-communication-through-the-experiences-of-low-income-minority-ethnic-groups
#11
Emily Dawson
This article explores science communication from the perspective of those most at risk of exclusion, drawing on ethnographic fieldwork. I conducted five focus groups and 32 interviews with participants from low-income, minority ethnic backgrounds. Using theories of social reproduction and social justice, I argue that participation in science communication is marked by structural inequalities (particularly ethnicity and class) in two ways. First, participants' involvement in science communication practices was narrow (limited to science media consumption)...
January 1, 2018: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315455/home-versus-in-patient-treatment-for-deep-vein-thrombosis
#12
REVIEW
Richard Othieno, Emmanuel Okpo, Rachel Forster
BACKGROUND: Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot blocks blood flow through a vein, which can occur after surgery, after trauma, or when a person has been immobile for a long time. Clots can dislodge and block blood flow to the lungs (pulmonary embolism (PE)), causing death. DVT and PE are known by the term venous thromboembolism (VTE). Heparin (in the form of unfractionated heparin (UFH)) is a blood-thinning drug used during the first three to five days of DVT treatment...
January 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307325/anxiety-and-depression-in-adult-first-seizure-presentations
#13
Ciaran Lane, Candice Crocker, Karen Legg, Mallory Borden, Bernd Pohlmann-Eden
OBJECTIVE: To define the prevalence of psychiatric symptoms of anxiety and depression in patients at the time of their first seizure presentation to a neurologist. METHODS: Our pilot study uses a cohort approach with multimodal data (clinical, social, structural [3T magnetic resonance imaging], and functional [electroencephalogram]). We screened 105 patients referred to the Halifax First Seizure Clinic between 2014 and 2016 and 51 controls. All participants completed two screening questionnaires: Neurological Disorders Depression Inventory for Epilepsy and Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7-Item...
January 8, 2018: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306341/social-isolation-in-later-life-extending-the-conversation
#14
Rachel Weldrick, Amanda Grenier
As Canada's population continues to age, social isolation among older people is a growing concern and national-level priority. Although much is known about individual-level risks and negative health outcomes associated with social isolation in later life, the impact of life course trajectories and the more collective experiences are seldom considered. Current definitions and program responses tend to rely on individualized approaches to social isolation. Here, we argue that the conversation be extended to consider the social and cultural aspects of social isolation among older people...
January 8, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301737/privacy-policies-for-apps-targeted-toward-youth-descriptive-analysis-of-readability
#15
Gitanjali Das, Cynthia Cheung, Camille Nebeker, Matthew Bietz, Cinnamon Bloss
BACKGROUND: Due to the growing availability of consumer information, the protection of personal data is of increasing concern. OBJECTIVE: We assessed readability metrics of privacy policies for apps that are either available to or targeted toward youth to inform strategies to educate and protect youth from unintentional sharing of personal data. METHODS: We reviewed the 1200 highest ranked apps from the Apple and Google Play Stores and systematically selected apps geared toward youth...
January 4, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300198/addressing-implicit-bias-to-improve-cross-cultural-care
#16
Brenda Pereda, Margaret Montoya
Health disparities cluster around race, ethnicity, education, neighborhoods, and income. Systems of exclusion that correlate with social determinants compound the disproportionate burden of poor health experienced by people of color. By 2056, ~50% of the population is expected to fall into categories currently labeled "under-represented minorities" (URMs), primarily African Americans, Latinxs, and American Indians. Although URMs comprise 30% of the general population, only 9% of medical doctors [Association of American Medical Colleges (AAMC)] are URMs...
January 3, 2018: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298581/plurality-in-understandings-of-innovation-sociotechnical-progress-and-sustainable-development-an-analysis-of-oecd-expert-narratives
#17
Paulo Savaget, Liliana Acero
Deterministic theory and discourse on sociotechnical progress ignore the existence of multiple and equally viable pathways towards progress, obscure socioeconomic and environmental conflicting interests and values, and overshadow socially inclusive deliberative choices about policy strategies. Demystifying techno-determinism, by incorporating a plurality of understandings to policy appraisal, becomes a matter of not only democratic accountability but also of analytical rigour. This article analyses the normative and ontological understandings on scientific and technological pathways among a group of experts interviewed at one key Directorate of the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, using Q-methodology...
March 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297375/the-role-of-male-partners-in-women-s-participation-in-research-during-pregnancy-a-case-study-from-the-partners-demonstration-project
#18
Kenneth Ngure, Susan Brown Trinidad, Kristin Beima-Sofie, Jared M Baeten, Nelly R Mugo, Elizabeth A Bukusi, Renee Heffron, Grace John-Stewart, Maureen C Kelley
The exclusion of pregnant women from health research remains a significant challenge globally. In settings where cultural traditions and gender norms support a more restricted decision-making role for women in general, little is known about the attitudes of male partners toward the inclusion of women in research during pregnancy. Understanding the expectations of both men and women in such cultural settings offers an opportunity to engage and address local ethical concerns to improve women's access to research during pregnancy and enhance intervention development...
December 14, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284519/self-efficacy-moderates-the-relationship-between-health-comparisons-and-social-exclusion-results-of-the-german-ageing-survey
#19
André Hajek, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the consequences of health comparisons. Negative health comparisons might, for example, result in emotions such as anger or frustration. These negative emotions might intensify feelings of social exclusion. Thus, the objective of the current study was to investigate whether health comparisons are associated with social exclusion. Moreover, it was examined whether the relation between health comparisons and social exclusion is moderated by self-efficacy...
December 29, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283987/the-stigma-of-mental-illness-and-recovery
#20
Esmina Avdibegović, Mevludin Hasanović
Stigma and recovery "from" and "in" mental illness are associated in many various ways. While recovery gives opportunities, makes person stronger, gives purpose and meaning to their lives and leads to social inclusion, in the same time stigma reduces opportunities, reduces self-esteem and self-efficacy, reduces the belief in own abilities and contributes to social exclusion through discrimination. The recovery of a person with mental illness means to get and keep hope, to understand their own possibilities and impossibilities, active living, to be autonomous, to have a social identity and to give meaning and purpose of our own lives...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
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