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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421801/actitudes-de-escolares-chilenos-de-distinto-nivel-socioecon%C3%A3-mico-al-inicio-de-la-implementaci%C3%A3-n-de-la-ley-que-regula-la-venta-y-publicidad-de-alimentos-altos-en-nutrientes-cr%C3%A3-ticos
#1
Sonia Olivares Cortes, Jacqueline Araneda Flores, Gladys Morales Illanes, Bárbara Leyton Dinamarca, Nelly Bustos Zapata, María Angélica Hernández Moreno, María Teresa Oyarzún Macchiavello
Introducción: el 27 de junio de 2016 se implementó en Chile la Ley sobre Composición Nutricional de los Alimentos y su Publicidad, que implica rotular el envase de los alimentos procesados, altos en calorías, grasas saturadas, azúcares y sodio.Objetivo: determinar las actitudes de escolares de 8 a 12 años, de distinto nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y estado nutricional, ante el nuevo etiquetado de los alimentos.Métodos: se aplicó una encuesta validada previamente, agregando preguntas sobre los nuevos sellos en los envases de alimentos y bebidas...
March 30, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401609/platinum-based-organometallic-folders-for-the-recognition-of-electron-deficient-aromatic-substrates
#2
Eduardo Victor Peris, Daniel Nuevo, Sergio Gonell, Macarena Poyatos
A series of platinum complexes with cis-oriented polyaromatic N-heterocyclic carbene ligands were prepared and characterized. The relative disposition of the polyaromatic ligands about the metal make these compounds to behave as a metallofolder, with a pocket defined by the void space between the polyaromatic functionalities. The complexes were used as receptors of organic molecules, where they showed selective affinity for binding electron-deficient aromatic substrates, such as 1,2,4,5-tetracyanobenzene (TCNB), 2,4,7-trinitro-9-fluorenone (NTFLU) and 1,4,5,8-naphtalenetetracarboxylic dianhydride (NTCDA)...
April 12, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399223/first-detection-of-the-kdr-mutation-t929i-in-head-lice-phthiraptera-pediculidae-in-schoolchildren-of-the-metropolitan-area-of-nuevo-leon-and-yucatan-mexico
#3
Gustavo Ponce-Garcia, Karina Villanueva-Segura, Gerardo Trujillo-Rodriguez, Iram P Rodriguez-Sanchez, Beatriz Lopez-Monroy, Adriana E Flores
The head louse Pediculus humanus capitis (De Geer) is a hematophagous ectoparasite that inhabits the human scalp. Infestations by this insect are commonly known as pediculosis, which is more common in younger groups. These infestations are asymptomatic; however, skin irritation from scratching occasionally may cause secondary bacterial infections. In recent years, the prevalence of pediculosis has increased in children; this increase has been attributed to louse resistance to the insecticides used as a control measure for infestation...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392486/species-delimitation-of-the-blue-spotted-spiny-lizard-within-a-multilocus-multispecies-coalescent-framework-results-in-the-recognition-of-a-new-sceloporus-species
#4
Brenda Díaz-Cárdenas, Eduardo Ruiz-Sanchez, Patricia Castro-Felix, Gamaliel Castañeda-Gaytán, Sergio Ruiz-Santana, Héctor Gadsden
Species delimitation is a major topic in systematics. Species delimitation methods based on molecular data have become more common since this approach provides insights about species identification via levels of gene flow, the degree of hybridization and phylogenetic relationships. Also, combining multilocus mitochondrial and nuclear DNA leads to more reliable conclusions about species limits. Coalescent-based species delimitation methods explicitly reveal separately evolving lineages using probabilistic approaches and testing the delimitation hypotheses for several species...
April 6, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374639/pesticide-residues-in-orange-fruit-from-citrus-orchards-in-nuevo-leon-state-mexico
#5
A Suárez-Jacobo, V M Alcantar-Rosales, D Alonso, M E Heras-Ramírez, D Elizarragaz-De La Rosa, O Y Lugo-Melchor, O Gaspar-Ramirez
Some international organizations established Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) in food to protect human health. Mexico lacks regulations in this matter, affecting national and international trade from agroindustry. The aim of this study was to diagnose pesticide residues in oranges from Nuevo Leon, México, in citrus orchards. In May 2014, 100 orange fruit samples were taken randomly from orchards and subjected to analysis for 93 pesticides at residual level by GC/QQQ-MS and LCQ-TOF-MS. Results showed presence of 15 pesticide residues in the samples...
April 4, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321383/direct-endonasal-approach-with-partial-upper-posterior-septectomy-a-rescue-flap-technique-modification
#6
Arturo Sotomayor-González, Armando José Díaz-Martínez, Ramón Radillo-Gil, Everardo García-Estrada, Jesús Alberto Morales-Gómez, Isaac Jair Palacios-Ortiz, Samuel Pérez-Cárdenas, Mauricio Arteaga-Treviño, Ángel Martínez-Ponce De León
Objective Report a modification of the "rescue flap" technique using a direct endonasal approach with a partial superior septectomy for approaching pituitary tumors developed in our institution. Design Prospective study. Setting Hospital Universitario "Dr. José Eleuterio González," Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. Main Outcome Measures Since April 2015, we have performed 19 cases employing a direct endonasal approach with partial superior septectomy. Results and a technical note are described below...
April 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319178/inter-nesting-movements-and-habitat-use-of-adult-female-kemp-s-ridley-turtles-in-the-gulf-of-mexico
#7
Donna J Shaver, Kristen M Hart, Ikuko Fujisaki, David Bucklin, Autumn R Iverson, Cynthia Rubio, Thomas F Backof, Patrick M Burchfield, Raul de Jesus Gonzales Diaz Miron, Peter H Dutton, Amy Frey, Jaime Peña, Daniel Gomez Gamez, Hector J Martinez, Jaime Ortiz
Species vulnerability is increased when individuals congregate in restricted areas for breeding; yet, breeding habitats are not well defined for many marine species. Identification and quantification of these breeding habitats are essential to effective conservation. Satellite telemetry and switching state-space modeling (SSM) were used to define inter-nesting habitat of endangered Kemp's ridley turtles (Lepidochelys kempii) in the Gulf of Mexico. Turtles were outfitted with satellite transmitters after nesting at Padre Island National Seashore, Texas, USA, from 1998 through 2013 (n = 60); Rancho Nuevo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, during 2010 and 2011 (n = 11); and Tecolutla, Veracruz, Mexico, during 2012 and 2013 (n = 11)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289903/gut-microbiota-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-new-perspectives-for-a-challenging-condition
#8
REVIEW
María Carmen Cenit, Isabel Campillo Nuevo, Pilar Codoñer-Franch, Timothy G Dinan, Yolanda Sanz
A bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain (gut-brain axis) is well recognized with the gut microbiota viewed as a key regulator of this cross-talk. Currently, a body of preclinical and to a lesser extent epidemiological evidence supports the notion that host-microbe interactions play a key role in brain development and function and in the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders. Early life events and shifts away from traditional lifestyles are known to impact gut microbiota composition and function and, thereby, may increase the risk of developing neurodevelopmental disorders...
March 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275966/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-translational-peer-delivered-stress-management-program-for-spanish-speaking-latina-breast-cancer-survivors
#9
Anna María Nápoles, Jasmine Santoyo-Olsson, Anita L Stewart, Carmen Ortiz, Maria García-Jímenez
Information is needed on implementation processes involved in translating evidence-based interventions (EBIs) into health disparity communities. In an RCT, Nuevo Amanecer, a cognitive-behavioral stress management (CBSM) program delivered by breast cancer survivors (compañeras) in community settings to Spanish-speaking Latina breast cancer survivors, was effective in improving quality of life and decreasing breast cancer concerns and depressive and bodily symptoms. Using mixed methods, we evaluated the processes of implementing Nuevo Amanecer...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270802/molecular-epidemiology-of-giardia-blastocystis-and-cryptosporidium-among-indigenous-children-from-the-colombian-amazon-basin
#10
Angie Sánchez, Marina Munoz, Natalia Gómez, Juan Tabares, Laura Segura, Ángela Salazar, Cristian Restrepo, Miguel Ruíz, Patricia Reyes, Yuchen Qian, Lihua Xiao, Myriam C López, Juan D Ramírez
The incidence and prevalence of intestinal parasites in children is most likely due to lack of natural or acquired resistance and differences in behavior and habits closely related to environmental and socioeconomic determinants. The most important protozoa that parasitize humans are Giardia, Entamoeba, Blastocystis, and Cryptosporidium. These parasites present wide intraspecific genetic diversity and subsequently classified into assemblages and subtypes. The Amazon basin is the largest in the world and is the fifth freshwater reserve on the planet...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244796/biomarcadores-de-pron%C3%A3-stico-modificables-nutricionalmente-en-el-paciente-con-c%C3%A3-ncer-colorrectal-tras-el-diagn%C3%A3-stico-de-la-enfermedad
#11
Beatriz Escudero Paniagua, Alicia Aguilar-Martínez, Begoña Manuel Keenoy
Introducción: el cáncer colorrectal (CCR) es el segundo cáncer más frecuente en el mundo occidental, de tal manera que se diagnostican cerca de 1 millón de casos nuevos por año. La tasa de supervivencia de pacientes con CCR varía ampliamente, aun entre pacientes con el mismo tumor histológico. Esto posiblemente es debido al impacto de los factores ambientales sobre el desarrollo tumoral. Dentro de estos factores, destaca la dieta. Se conoce que la nutrición puede modificar el riesgo de padecer CCR...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229354/genetic-differentiation-of-colombian-populations-of-anopheles-darlingi-root-diptera-culicidae
#12
C Y Rosero, G I Jaramillo, R Gonzalez, H Cardenas
Anopheles darlingi Root is a primary vector of malaria in the neotropic region, a species not just highly anthropophilic but very efficient in transmitting Plasmodium species and considered the most important vector in the Amazon region. The main goal of this study was to determine the genetic structure of the A. darlingi populations using microsatellites (STR) in western and eastern regions of Colombia. DNA extraction was done with the cited protocol of band using the Genomic Prep™ cell and tissue isolation commercial kits...
February 23, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207949/alcohol-use-patterns-and-dsm-5-alcohol-use-disorder-on-both-sides-of-the-u-s-mexico-border
#13
Thomas K Greenfield, Yu Ye, E Anne Lown, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Sarah Zemore, Guilherme Borges
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption patterns on the U.S.-Mexico border and their relationships with DSM-5 alcohol use disorders (AUD) have been understudied. Yet, the effects of drinking by Mexican-origin individuals may differ between cities on versus off the border both in the United States and in Mexico. We characterize prior 12-month drinking patterns and examine their relationships with AUD, in border and off-border cities of Texas and adjacent Mexican states. METHODS: Data come from the U...
April 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168445/regulation-of-the-h-atp-synthase-by-if1-a-role-in-mitohormesis
#14
REVIEW
Pau B Esparza-Moltó, Cristina Nuevo-Tapioles, José M Cuezva
The mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase is a primary hub of cellular homeostasis by providing the energy required to sustain cellular activity and regulating the production of signaling molecules that reprogram nuclear activity needed for adaption to changing cues. Herein, we summarize findings regarding the regulation of the activity of the H(+)-ATP synthase by its physiological inhibitor, the ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1) and their functional role in cellular homeostasis. First, we outline the structure and the main molecular mechanisms that regulate the activity of the enzyme...
February 6, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154437/adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-science-based-prevention-system-in-colombia-challenges-and-achievements
#15
Augusto Pérez-Gómez, Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Eric C Brown, Nicole Eisenberg
During the last 2 years, the Colombian government and the Nuevos Rumbos Corporation have been implementing an adapted version of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, called Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC) in Spanish, for use in Colombia. This brief report presents the process of implementing CQC and identifies some of the main challenges and achievements of implementing the system in eight communities in Colombia. Preliminary results of a pilot study of CQC implementation in Colombia show that prevention system development, including a focus on measuring community risk and protection, can be established successfully in Latin American communities despite a lack of rigorously tested prevention programs and strategies...
May 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#16
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104625/natural-course-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-in-adolescents
#17
Tom Norris, Simon M Collin, Kate Tilling, Roberto Nuevo, Stephen A Stansfeld, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Jon Heron, Esther Crawley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about persistence of or recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) in adolescents. Previous studies have small sample sizes, short follow-up or have focused on fatigue rather than CFS/ME or, equivalently, chronic fatigue, which is disabling. This work aimed to describe the epidemiology and natural course of CFS/ME in adolescents aged 13-18 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal follow-up of adolescents enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099524/role-of-myo-nog-cells-in-neuroprotection-evidence-from-the-light-damaged-retina
#18
Alice Brandli, Jacquelyn Gerhart, Christopher K Sutera, Sivaraman Purushothuman, Mindy George-Weinstein, Jonathan Stone, Arturo Bravo-Nuevo
PURPOSE: To identify Myo/Nog cells in the adult retina and test their role in protecting retinal photoreceptors from light damage. METHODS: Light damage was induced by exposing albino rats raised in dim cyclic light to 1000 lux light for 24 hours. In one group of rats, Myo/Nog cells were purified from rat brain tissue by magnetic cell sorting following binding of the G8 monoclonal antibody (mAb). These cells were injected into the vitreous humour of the eye within 2 hours following bright light exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089206/-detecting-unknown-geriatric-problems-in-the-elderly-of-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n
#19
Omar Alejandro Rangel Selvera, Salvador Gómez García, Roberto Antonio de Lira Ortega, Rogelio David Cervantes Madrid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000462/asociaci%C3%A3-n-entre-cronotipo-y-obesidad-en-j%C3%A3-venes
#20
Macarena Valladares, Brianda Campos, Camila Zapata, Samuel Durán Agüero, Ana María Obregón
Introducción: existen características respecto a los ritmos circadianos (ciclo sueño-vigilia), lo que genera un rasgo denominado cronotipo (madrugador o trasnochador). Se ha asociado el cronotipo vespertino a menos horas de sueño y hábitos alimentarios poco saludables. El cronotipo vespertino se asocia con un mayor riesgo de desarrollar obesidad.Objetivo: determinar la asociación del cronotipo con variables antropométricas en jóvenes de 18 a 25 años.Métodos: jóvenes (n = 65) (18 a 25 años), se les determinó el cronotipo (cuestionario de Horne-Ostberg) y mediciones antropométricas (peso, talla, porcentaje de grasa y perímetro de cintura)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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