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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229354/genetic-differentiation-of-colombian-populations-of-anopheles-darlingi-root-diptera-culicidae
#1
C Y Rosero, G I Jaramillo, R Gonzalez, H Cardenas
Anopheles darlingi Root is a primary vector of malaria in the neotropic region, a species not just highly anthropophilic but very efficient in transmitting Plasmodium species and considered the most important vector in the Amazon region. The main goal of this study was to determine the genetic structure of the A. darlingi populations using microsatellites (STR) in western and eastern regions of Colombia. DNA extraction was done with the cited protocol of band using the Genomic Prep™ cell and tissue isolation commercial kits...
February 23, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207949/alcohol-use-patterns-and-dsm-5-alcohol-use-disorder-on-both-sides-of-the-us-mexico-border
#2
Thomas K Greenfield, Yu Ye, E Anne Lown, Cheryl J Cherpitel, Sarah Zemore, Guilherme Borges
Alcohol consumption patterns on the US-Mexico border and their relationships with DSM-5 Alcohol Use Disorders (AUDs) have been understudied. Yet, effects of drinking by Mexican-origin individuals may differ between cities on vs. off the border both in the US and Mexico. We characterize prior 12-months drinking patterns, and examine their relationships with AUD, in border and off-border cities of Texas and adjacent Mexican states METHODS: Data come from the US-Mexico Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions (UMSARC) involving 2,336 Mexican Americans in Texas and 2,460 Mexicans in bordering states of Nuevo Leon and Tamaulipas in Mexico...
February 16, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168445/regulation-of-the-h-atp-synthase-by-if1-a-role-in-mitohormesis
#3
REVIEW
Pau B Esparza-Moltó, Cristina Nuevo-Tapioles, José M Cuezva
The mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase is a primary hub of cellular homeostasis by providing the energy required to sustain cellular activity and regulating the production of signaling molecules that reprogram nuclear activity needed for adaption to changing cues. Herein, we summarize findings regarding the regulation of the activity of the H(+)-ATP synthase by its physiological inhibitor, the ATPase inhibitory factor 1 (IF1) and their functional role in cellular homeostasis. First, we outline the structure and the main molecular mechanisms that regulate the activity of the enzyme...
February 6, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154437/adaptation-and-implementation-of-a-science-based-prevention-system-in-colombia-challenges-and-achievements
#4
Augusto Pérez-Gómez, Juliana Mejía-Trujillo, Eric C Brown, Nicole Eisenberg
During the last 2 years, the Colombian government and the Nuevos Rumbos Corporation have been implementing an adapted version of the Communities That Care (CTC) prevention system, called Comunidades Que se Cuidan (CQC) in Spanish, for use in Colombia. This brief report presents the process of implementing CQC and identifies some of the main challenges and achievements of implementing the system in eight communities in Colombia. Preliminary results of a pilot study of CQC implementation in Colombia show that prevention system development, including a focus on measuring community risk and protection, can be established successfully in Latin American communities despite a lack of rigorously tested prevention programs and strategies...
May 2016: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146179/toward-advanced-nursing-practice-along-with-people-centered-care-partnership-model-for-sustainable-universal-health-coverage-and-universal-access-to-health
#5
Tomoko Kamei, Keiko Takahashi, Junko Omori, Naoko Arimori, Michiko Hishinuma, Kiyomi Asahara, Yoko Shimpuku, Kumiko Ohashi, Junko Tashiro
Objective: this study developed a people-centered care (PCC) partnership model for the aging society to address the challenges of social changes affecting people's health and the new role of advanced practice nurses to sustain universal health coverage. Method: a people-centered care partnership model was developed on the basis of qualitative meta-synthesis of the literature and assessment of 14 related projects. The ongoing projects resulted in individual and social transformation by improving community health literacy and behaviors using people-centered care and enhancing partnership between healthcare providers and community members through advanced practice nurses...
January 30, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104625/natural-course-of-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-in-adolescents
#6
Tom Norris, Simon M Collin, Kate Tilling, Roberto Nuevo, Stephen A Stansfeld, Jonathan Ac Sterne, Jon Heron, Esther Crawley
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about persistence of or recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME) in adolescents. Previous studies have small sample sizes, short follow-up or have focused on fatigue rather than CFS/ME or, equivalently, chronic fatigue, which is disabling. This work aimed to describe the epidemiology and natural course of CFS/ME in adolescents aged 13-18 years. DESIGN: Longitudinal follow-up of adolescents enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
January 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099524/role-of-myo-nog-cells-in-neuroprotection-evidence-from-the-light-damaged-retina
#7
Alice Brandli, Jacquelyn Gerhart, Christopher K Sutera, Sivaraman Purushothuman, Mindy George-Weinstein, Jonathan Stone, Arturo Bravo-Nuevo
PURPOSE: To identify Myo/Nog cells in the adult retina and test their role in protecting retinal photoreceptors from light damage. METHODS: Light damage was induced by exposing albino rats raised in dim cyclic light to 1000 lux light for 24 hours. In one group of rats, Myo/Nog cells were purified from rat brain tissue by magnetic cell sorting following binding of the G8 monoclonal antibody (mAb). These cells were injected into the vitreous humour of the eye within 2 hours following bright light exposure...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089206/-detecting-unknown-geriatric-problems-in-the-elderly-of-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n
#8
Omar Alejandro Rangel Selvera, Salvador Gómez García, Roberto Antonio de Lira Ortega, Rogelio David Cervantes Madrid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000462/asociaci%C3%A3-n-entre-cronotipo-y-obesidad-en-j%C3%A3-venes
#9
Macarena Valladares, Brianda Campos, Camila Zapata, Samuel Durán Agüero, Ana María Obregón
Introducción: existen características respecto a los ritmos circadianos (ciclo sueño-vigilia), lo que genera un rasgo denominado cronotipo (madrugador o trasnochador). Se ha asociado el cronotipo vespertino a menos horas de sueño y hábitos alimentarios poco saludables. El cronotipo vespertino se asocia con un mayor riesgo de desarrollar obesidad.Objetivo: determinar la asociación del cronotipo con variables antropométricas en jóvenes de 18 a 25 años.Métodos: jóvenes (n = 65) (18 a 25 años), se les determinó el cronotipo (cuestionario de Horne-Ostberg) y mediciones antropométricas (peso, talla, porcentaje de grasa y perímetro de cintura)...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000455/programa-de-comedores-escolares-de-la-comunidad-de-madrid-2001-2015-dise%C3%A3-o-protocolo-metodolog%C3%A3-a-y-actualizaci%C3%A3-n
#10
Teresa Valero Gaspar, Susana Del Pozo de la Calle, Emma Ruiz Moreno, Osé Manuel Ávila Torres, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Carmen Cuadrado Vives
Introducción: a finales del siglo xx, no se conocía con precisión si la comida del comedor escolar contribuía adecuadamente a la dieta de la población infantil. Además, este servicio complementario no se contemplaba en el proyecto educativo del centro pese a considerarse fundamental en todas sus dimensiones.Objetivo: describir el origen y desarrollo del programa de comedores escolares de la Comunidad de Madrid (CM) en 15 años desde su implantación.Métodos: se elaboró una normativa a cumplir por las empresas de restauración, y que contemplaba aspectos nutricionales y de composición y variedad de los menús, que se utilizó en los concursos para acceder a la prestación del servicio de comedor escolar, publicados en los años 2001, 2002, 2005, 2009 y 2013...
November 29, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908622/biomonitoring-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-in-child-populations-living-near-contaminated-sites-in-mexico
#11
R Flores-Ramírez, F J Pérez-Vázquez, M Rodríguez-Aguilar, S E Medellín-Garibay, E Van Brussel, A C Cubillas-Tejeda, L Carrizales-Yáñez, F Díaz-Barriga
The aim of this study was to conduct a POP biomonitoring programme for children in high-risk areas. We evaluated 247 serum samples from children between the ages of 6 and 12years old from two zones in Mexico: (1) indigenous zones, which included Cuatlamayan (CUA), Tocoy (TOC), and Santa Maria Picula (SAM); and (2) industrial zones, which included Tercera Chica (TC), Industrial San Luis (IND) and Rincon de San Jose (SJR); Mundo Nuevo (MN); and Alpuyeca (ALP). Our results showed that α-endosulfan was similar to CUA, TOC, SAM, TC and MN (178...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889479/ido1-is-an-integral-mediator-of-inflammatory-neovascularization
#12
Arpita Mondal, Courtney Smith, James B DuHadaway, Erika Sutanto-Ward, George C Prendergast, Arturo Bravo-Nuevo, Alexander J Muller
The immune tolerogenic effects of IDO1 (indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1) have been well documented and genetic studies in mice have clearly established the significance of IDO1 in tumor promotion. Dichotomously, the primary inducer of IDO1, the inflammatory cytokine IFNγ (interferon-γ), is a key mediator of immune-based tumor suppression. One means by which IFNγ can exert an anti-cancer effect is by decreasing tumor neovascularization. We speculated that IDO1 might contribute to cancer promotion by countering this anti-neovascular effect of IFNγ, possibly through IDO1-potentiated elevation of the pro-tumorigenic inflammatory cytokine IL6 (interleukin-6)...
December 2016: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888267/zika-nuevo-revelador-de-la-necesidad-de-promoci%C3%A3-n-de-la-salud-en-am%C3%A3-rica-latina
#13
EDITORIAL
Andrea Caprara, Valéry Ridde
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847168/shell-shape-as-a-biomarker-of-marine-pollution-historic-increase
#14
F Márquez, M A Primost, G Bigatti
Buccinanops globulosus is a TBT sensitive marine gastropod, classified as a good indicator of imposex incidence and used as a model to study adverse contamination effects. Population and maritime industries has incremented pollution in Nuevo gulf harbor since 1970s, promoting morphological changes in B. globulosus shell shape. We study the shell shape of the species comparing present day's specimens from the harbor zone with those collected in the same zone before the increasing of maritime activity and pre-Hispanic archaeological Middens...
January 30, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811819/a-review-of-the-geocoridae-of-mexico-hemiptera-heteroptera-lygaeoidea-with-descriptions-of-four-new-species-new-distributional-records-and-a-key-to-the-known-subfamilies-tribes-genera-and-species
#15
Harry Brailovsky
The family Geocoridae (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeoidea) from Mexico is revised. Two subfamilies, one tribe, four genera, and fifteen species are treated in detail and descriptions or redescriptions are provided for all. Four new species of Geocoris are described: G. cervantesi (from Baja California), G. coahuilensis (from Coahuila), G. nuevoleonensis (from Nuevo Leon), and G. signoretae (from Aguascalientes, Hidalgo, and Puebla). The subspecies Geocoris thoracicus wickhami (Montandon) is considered a junior synonym of the nominal species G...
October 6, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802405/first-record-of-the-asian-tiger-mosquito-aedes-albopictus-in-hidalgo-state-mexico
#16
Aldo I Ortega-Morales, Sarai M Cueto-Medina, Quetzaly K Siller Rodríguez
The occurrence of the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus , has been reported in the Mexican states of Tamaulipas, Nuevo León, Coahuila (northeastern), Veracruz, Chiapas, Quintana Roo (southeastern), Morelos, San Luis Potosí (middle), and Sinaloa (northwestern). In April and September 2012, Ae. albopictus was collected in a variety of habitats and landing/biting on the collecting personnel in 12 counties of Hidalgo state (middle). This is the first record of the occurrence of this species in Hidalgo state...
September 2016: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792706/-organ-and-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-three-health-care-centers-attitude
#17
Elda Karina Guerra-Sáenz, Ángel Gustavo Narváez-Navarro, Ana Cecilia Hernández-López, Judith Bello Saucedo, Griselda Ruiz-Cantú, Paula Cordero-Pérez, María Del Carmen Guevara-Martínez, Linda Elsa Muñoz-Espinosa, Edelmiro Pérez-Rodríguez, Marco Antonio Hernández-Guedea, Homero Zapata-Chavira, Asdrúbal Guevara-Charles, Marlene Marisol Perales-Quintana, Miguel Mariano Escobedo-Villarreal
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitude towards organ donation within health professionals in different institutions of Nuevo Leon. METHODS: A prospective, open, observational, descriptive study of parallel groups, through application of a survey formulated by the Hospital Universitario (HU) "Dr. José Eleuterio González". We applied 208 surveys in the HU (n = 100) and other institutions like IMSS, ISSTE (n = 108). RESULTS: From all the participants, 86% had a positive attitude towards organ donation, associated to a higher education, and information regarding organ donation received by other health professionals...
September 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771564/human-exposure-to-environmental-pollutants-after-a-tire-landfill-fire-in-spain-health-risks
#18
Martí Nadal, Joaquim Rovira, Jordi Díaz-Ferrero, Marta Schuhmacher, José L Domingo
In May 2016, a fire occurred in one of the largest landfills in Europe (Seseña, Toledo, Spain), where 70,000-90,000tons of tires had been illegally accumulated for >15years. Because of the proximity of population nuclei and the duration of the episode (>20days), we conducted a preliminary human health risk assessment study just after the tire fire. Samples of air and soil were collected in 3 areas surrounding the landfill (El Quiñón, at only 500m, and Seseña Nuevo and Seseña Viejo, both at 4km), as well as in background sites...
December 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747520/disease-control-health-resource-use-healthcare-costs-and-predictors-in-gout-patients-in-the-united-states-the-united-kingdom-germany-and-france-a-retrospective-analysis
#19
Robert Morlock, Pierre Chevalier, Laura Horne, Javier Nuevo, Chris Storgard, Lalitha Aiyer, Dionne M Hines, Xavier Ansolabehere, Fredrik Nyberg
INTRODUCTION: The present study aimed to assess disease control, health resource utilization (HRU), and healthcare costs, and their predictors in gout patients across the USA, UK, Germany, and France. METHODS: Data were extracted from the PharMetrics Plus (USA), Clinical Practice Research Datalink-Hospital Episode Statistics (UK), and Disease Analyzer databases (Germany and France) for adult gout patients over a 3-year period: 2009-2011 (all dates +1 year for France)...
June 2016: Rheumatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695682/the-experience-of-bedaquiline-implementation-at-a-decentralised-clinic-in-south-africa
#20
R Cariem, V Cox, V de Azevedo, J Hughes, E Mohr, L Triviño Durán, N Ndjeka, J Furin
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a serious public health problem, but the new drugs bedaquiline (BDQ) and delamanid offer hope to improve outcomes and minimise toxicity. In Khayelitsha, South Africa, patients are routinely started on BDQ in the out-patient setting. This report from the field describes BDQ use in the out-patient setting at the Nolungile Clinic. The clinic staff overall report a positive experience using the drug. Challenges have been based largely on the logistics of drug supply and delivery...
September 2016: Public Health Action
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