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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783004/-the-thing-that-really-gets-me-is-the-future-symptomatology-in-older-homeless-adults-in-the-hope-home-study
#1
Adam Bazari, Maria Patanwala, Lauren M Kaplan, Colette L Auerswald, Margot B Kushel
CONTEXT: The homeless population is aging. Older homeless adults experience premature development of age-related conditions and an elevated symptom burden. Little is known about symptom experience among older homeless adults. OBJECTIVES: To characterize the experience, understanding, and management of physical, psychological, social (e.g. loneliness), and existential (e.g. regret, loss of dignity) symptoms among older homeless adults. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews from June 2016 through March 2017 with a purposive sample of participants from the HOPE HOME cohort, a longitudinal study of homeless adults ages 50 and older...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782436/effectiveness-of-the-neonatal-discharge-program-for-very-low-birth-weight-infants-on-parental-efficacy-and-psychological-distress
#2
Lakshmi Shandra Bos, Shefaly Shorey, Tamill Salvee Kulantaipian, Jane S P Sng, Wilson W S Tam, Serena S L Koh
This pilot study aimed to (i) evaluate the effectiveness of a neonatal discharge program, (ii) identify relationships between parent and infant factors and parental efficacy and psychological distress, and (iii) identify ways to improve the neonatal discharge program. A quasiexperimental 1-group pretest/posttest design was used. Through consecutive sampling, 42 participants were recruited. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Self-administering instruments gathered data on parental efficacy and psychological distress as well as feedback and recommendations on the intervention...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Perinatal & Neonatal Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782215/detection-of-a-vita-pamp-stings-cells-into-reticulophagy
#3
Julien Moretti, J Magarian Blander
Phagocytes cope with the threat of living bacteria via detection of vita-PAMPs, a specific class of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) that denotes microbial viability and trigger a commensurate innate response. Prokaryotic mRNA and cyclic-di-adenosine monophosphate (c-di-AMP) serve as vita-PAMPs for Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria, respectively, and elicit heightened proinflammatory responses not warranted for dead bacteria. The innate sensor TMEM173/STING detects c-di-AMP produced by internalized live Gram-positive bacteria, and quickly mobilizes interdependent pre-formed cell-autonomous responses including endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, MTOR inactivation, and reticulophagy...
May 21, 2018: Autophagy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781784/-being-connected-the-experience-of-african-american-women-with-breast-cancer-a-community-based-participatory-research-project-part-i
#4
M Tish Knobf, Diane Erdos
The objective was to understand the breast cancer experience of African American (AA) women using a community-based participatory research framework. Qualitative data were collected from five focus groups with 29 participants in four urban cities. "Being Connected" was the major theme that explained the importance of people in their lives as they coped with the diagnosis, treatment, and life after therapy. Faith, talking, information, support, and living with changes were important factors in the process...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781731/neuropsychologists-as-primary-care-providers-of-cognitive-health-a-novel-comprehensive-cognitive-wellness-service-delivery-model
#5
Patricia A Pimental, John B O'Hara, Jessica L Jandak
By virtue of their extensive knowledge base and specialized training in brain-behavior relationships, neuropsychologists are especially poised to execute a unique broad-based approach to overall cognitive wellness and should be viewed as primary care providers of cognitive health. This article will describe a novel comprehensive cognitive wellness service delivery model including cognitive health, anti-aging, lifelong wellness, and longevity-oriented practices. These practice areas include brain-based cognitive wellness, emotional and spiritually centric exploration, and related multimodality health interventions...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781729/positive-psychology-perspective-on-traumatic-brain-injury-recovery-and-rehabilitation
#6
Amanda R Rabinowitz, Peter A Arnett
Recovery from traumatic brain injury (TBI) is heterogeneous, with injury characteristics and neuropathological findings accounting for a relatively modest proportion of the variance in clinical outcome. Furthermore, premorbid personality traits and psychological characteristics may moderate psychosocial recovery. Constructs from the field of positive psychology have been examined in multiple illness populations and are increasingly gaining attention as factors that may influence recovery from TBI. Positive affect, hope, optimism, adaptive coping style, and resilience have all been examined in the context of TBI...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781651/exposure-and-cbt-for-chronic-back-pain-an-rct-on-differential-efficacy-and-optimal-length-of-treatment
#7
Julia Anna Glombiewski, Sebastian Holzapfel, Jenny Riecke, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Jeroen de Jong, Gunnar Lemmer, Winfried Rief
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to establish whether Exposure, a specialized tailored treatment for chronic low back pain, has any advantages over cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) among individuals with high fear-avoidance levels. Second, we planned to compare short and long versions of Exposure. Third, we aimed to investigate whether Exposure can be delivered in an outpatient psychological setting. METHOD: A total of 88 Caucasian participants (55% women) were randomized to three different psychological treatment conditions, Exposure-long, Exposure-short, and CBT...
June 2018: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781647/autonomic-regulation-in-response-to-stress-the-influence-of-anticipatory-emotion-regulation-strategies-and-trait-rumination
#8
Selene Nasso, Marie-Anne Vanderhasselt, Ineke Demeyer, Rudi De Raedt
According to the neurocognitive framework for regulation expectation, adaptively regulating emotions in anticipation of a stressful event should help individuals deal with the stressor itself. The goal of this study was twofold: first, the authors compared the influence of adaptive versus maladaptive anticipatory emotion regulation (ER) on the autonomic system during anticipation of, confrontation with, and recovery from a stressor; second, they explored whether trait rumination moderated this relationship...
May 21, 2018: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781632/ethnicity-moderates-the-benefits-of-perceived-support-and-emotional-expressivity-on-stress-reactivity-for-asian-americans-and-euro-americans
#9
Shu-Wen Wang, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether ethnicity moderated the benefits of perceived support and emotion expressivity on stress responses (cortisol, negative mood, task performance) during a lab stress task for Asian Americans and Euro Americans. We hypothesized that perceived support and emotion expressivity would be less beneficial for Asian Americans (relative to Euro Americans), for whom support seeking and emotional expressivity are less aligned with cultural values. METHOD: A majority female sample (72%) of 83 Asian American (first generation, n = 30; second generation, n = 53) and 50 Euro American college students completed the Trier Social Stress Test...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781526/the-correlation-between-occupational-stress-coping-strategies-and-the-levels-of-psychological-distress-among-nurses-working-in-mental-health-hospital-in-jordan
#10
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781473/moral-distress-using-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-interventions-to-decrease-nurse-perceptions-of-distress
#11
Elizabeth A Vaclavik, Beth A Staffileno, Elizabeth Carlson
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that the moral distress experienced by nurses affects patient outcomes and staff engagement. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this quality improvement initiative was to implement a process for staff to cope with moral distress. METHODS: The 21-item Moral Distress Scale-Revised (MDS-R) was administered pre- and postintervention to a sample of 56 oncology nurses to assess moral distress and whether it was alleviated with the use of mindfulness interventions...
June 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781384/how-to-uncover-sources-of-unwarranted-practice-variation-a-case-study-in-emergency-medicine
#12
Markus A Feufel
Forty years of statistical database analyses have demonstrated the existence of unwarranted practice variation in care delivery, that is, variations independent of medical need, evidence, or patient preference. Alas, little is known about the underlying mechanisms and thus finding interventions to reduce unwarranted variations remains difficult, hampering quality, equity, and efficiency of care. Whereas statistical analyses describe deviations from ideal patterns, ethnographically inspired analyses aim at understanding when, how, and why variations occur in practice...
May 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#13
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781333/coping-with-post-war-mental-health-problems-among-survivors-of-violence-in-northern-uganda-findings-from-the-ways-study
#14
Kennedy Amone-P'Olak, Bernard Omech
Cognitive emotion regulation strategies and mental health problems were assessed in a sample of war-affected youth in Northern Uganda. Univariable and multivariable regression models were fitted to assess the influence of CERS on mental health problems. Maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (e.g., rumination) were significantly associated with more mental health problems while adaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies (e.g., putting into perspective) were associated with reporting fewer symptoms of mental health problems...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780792/eosinophilic-esophagitis-is-an-underlying-cause-for-gastrointestinal-concerns-in-children
#15
REVIEW
Kunsong Lee, Glenn T Furuta, Nathalie Nguyen
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic immune antigen-mediated disorder characterized by symptoms of esophageal dysfunction in combination with dense esophageal eosinophilia. The clinical presentation of EoE can vary depending on children's age and their ability to report symptoms, therefore a high index of suspicion for EoE is required because children and teenagers may develop coping strategies around eating. The development of symptoms measurement tools in EoE assists in not only assessing symptoms, but also coping strategies children may have developed...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779744/exploring-collective-experience-in-watching-dance-through-intersubject-correlation-and-functional-connectivity-of-fmri-brain-activity
#16
Frank E Pollick, Staci Vicary, Katie Noble, Naree Kim, Seonhee Jang, Catherine J Stevens
How the brain contends with naturalistic viewing conditions when it must cope with concurrent streams of diverse sensory inputs and internally generated thoughts is still largely an open question. In this study, we used fMRI to record brain activity while a group of 18 participants watched an edited dance duet accompanied by a soundtrack. After scanning, participants performed a short behavioral task to identify neural correlates of dance segments that could later be recalled. Intersubject correlation (ISC) analysis was used to identify the brain regions correlated among observers, and the results of this ISC map were used to define a set of regions for subsequent analysis of functional connectivity...
2018: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779451/mixed-emotions-an-incentive-motivational-model-of-sexual-deviance
#17
Wineke J Smid, Edwin C Wever
Sexual offending behavior is a complex and multifaceted phenomenon. Most existing etiological models describe sexual offending behavior as a variant of offending behavior and mostly include factors referring to disinhibition and sexual deviance. In this article, we argue that there is additional value in describing sexual offending behavior as sexual behavior in terms of an incentive model of sexual motivation. The model describes sexual arousal as an emotion, triggered by a competent stimulus signaling potential reward, and comparable to other emotions coupled with strong bodily reactions...
May 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779402/traditional-and-complementary-medicine-use-among-indigenous-cancer-patients-in-australia-canada-new-zealand-and-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#18
Alana Gall, Stuart Leske, Jon Adams, Veronica Matthews, Kate Anderson, Sheleigh Lawler, Gail Garvey
BACKGROUND: Cancer 'patients' are increasingly using traditional indigenous and complementary medicines (T&CM) alongside conventional medical treatments to both cure and cope with their cancer diagnoses. To date T&CM use among Indigenous cancer patients from Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States has not been systematically reviewed. METHODS: We systematically searched bibliographic databases to identify original research published between January 2000 and October 2017 regarding T&CM use by Indigenous cancer patients in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States...
May 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779396/cultural-models-of-child-disability-perspectives-of-parents-in-malaysia
#19
Jennifer Marshall, Elizabeth Doone, Mindy Price
BACKGROUND: This study examined parents' developmental concerns for their children within the context of systems of care in Malaysia. METHODS: Focus groups and interviews were conducted in peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. RESULTS: Parents' perceptions of developmental delay stemmed from three sources: the cultural, resource, and the social environments. CONCLUSION: There is a need to develop a medical support system in Malaysia that considers a life-course perspective, including prenatal care, screening/diagnosis, and services...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779146/food-addiction-orthorexia-and-food-related-stress-among-dietetics-students
#20
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Konstantinos Gkiouras, Anastasia Markaki, Xenophon Theodoridis, Vasiliki Tsakiri, Pantelis Mavridis, Theodore Dardavessis, Michael Chourdakis
PURPOSE: Health sciences, and in particular Nutrition and Dietetics students, have been shown to exhibit an increased prevalence of disordered eating. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to evaluate other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFEDs), including stress-related eating, food addiction, and orthorexia, in relation to the dietary intake, among nutrition/dietetics students. METHODS: A total of 176 undergraduate students from a Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, in Greece, participated in the study...
May 19, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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