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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822277/the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-in-reactivity-to-trauma-cues-in-treatment-seeking-adults-with-substance-use-disorders
#1
R Kathryn McHugh, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
BACKGROUND: Exposure to traumatic events and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs). Although the presence of trauma exposure and/or PTSD among those with SUDs is associated with a range of negative outcomes, much remains to be understood about the factors contributing to these outcomes. Anxiety sensitivity (the tendency to respond fearfully to the signs and symptoms of anxiety) has been linked to greater PTSD symptoms and the use of substances to cope with PTSD symptoms, and is a promising factor for understanding the negative outcomes associated with co-occurring PTSD and SUDs...
July 31, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821725/interplay-between-maternal-slc6a4-mutation-and-prenatal-stress-a-possible-mechanism-for-autistic-behavior-development
#2
Calvin P Sjaarda, Patrick Hecht, Amy J M McNaughton, Audrina Zhou, Melissa L Hudson, Matt J Will, Garth Smith, Muhammad Ayub, Ping Liang, Nansheng Chen, David Beversdorf, Xudong Liu
The low activity allele of the maternal polymorphism, 5HTTLPR, in the serotonin transporter, SLC6A4, coupled with prenatal stress is reported to increase the risk for children to develop autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Similarly, maternal Slc6a4 knock-out and prenatal stress in rodents results in offspring demonstrating ASD-like characteristics. The present study uses an integrative genomics approach to explore mechanistic changes in early brain development in mouse embryos exposed to this maternal gene-environment phenomenon...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821577/ethical-behaviour-of-physicians-and-psychologists-similarities-and-differences
#3
Michall Ferencz Kaddari, Meni Koslowsky, Michael A Weingarten
OBJECTIVE: To compare the coping patterns of physicians and clinical psychologists when confronted with clinical ethical dilemmas and to explore consistency across different dilemmas. POPULATION: 88 clinical psychologists and 149 family physicians in Israel. METHOD: Six dilemmas representing different ethical domains were selected from the literature. Vignettes were composed for each dilemma, and seven possible behavioural responses for each were proposed, scaled from most to least ethical...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821569/elevated-temperature-and-acclimation-time-affect-metabolic-performance-in-the-heavily-exploited-nile-perch-of-lake-victoria
#4
Elizabeth A Nyboer, Lauren J Chapman
Increasing water temperatures due to anthropogenic climate change are predicted to negatively impact the aerobic metabolic performance of aquatic ectotherms. Specifically, it has been hypothesized that thermal increases result in reductions in aerobic scope (AS), which lead to decreases in energy available for essential fitness and performance functions. Consequences of warming are anticipated to be especially severe for warm-adapted tropical species as they are thought to have narrow thermal windows and limited plasticity for coping with elevated temperatures...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821050/clean-approach-to-synthesis-of-graphene-like-cufe2o4-polysaccharide-resin-nanohybrid-bifunctional-compound-for-dye-adsorption-and-bacterial-capturing
#5
Mostafa Hossein Beyki, Sarina Ehteshamzadeh Ganjbakhsh, Sara Minaeian, Farzaneh Shemirani
Focus of this research is on employment of a green route to prepare magnetic CuFe2O4@polysaccharide resin for environmental remediation purpose. The method is including solvent free solid state synthesis of copper ferrite nanoparticles by combustion route using cellulose as fuel. Then polysaccharide resin as well as its magnetic composite was prepared by using glucose, citric acid and copper ferrite as solid raw materials. Characterization study using FESEM and TEM images showed that as synthesized resin possesses graphene like structure as ferrite nanoparticles are dispersed in the matrice of resin...
October 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820970/utility-of-the-comprehensive-marijuana-motives-questionnaire-among-medical-cannabis-patients
#6
Kipling M Bohnert, Erin E Bonar, J Todd Arnedt, Deirdre A Conroy, Maureen A Walton, Mark A Ilgen
BACKGROUND: Little is known about motives for cannabis use among the population of adults using cannabis medically. Therefore, we evaluated the performance of the 12 factor, 36-item Comprehensive Marijuana Motives Questionnaire (CMMQ) among a sample of medical cannabis patients. METHODS: Study participants were adults ages 21years or older with scheduled appointments to obtain new or renewed medical cannabis certification from clinics in one Midwestern state (n=1116)...
August 3, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820896/a-strategy-for-scaling-up-access-to-comprehensive-care-in-adults-with-chagas-disease-in-endemic-countries-the-bolivian-chagas-platform
#7
Maria-Jesus Pinazo, Jimy Pinto, Lourdes Ortiz, Jareth Sánchez, Wilson García, Ruth Saravia, Mirko-R Cortez, Silvia Moriana, Enric Grau, Daniel Lozano, Joaquim Gascon, Faustino Torrico
BACKGROUND: Bolivia has the highest prevalence of Chagas disease (CD) in the world (6.1%), with more than 607,186 people with Trypanosoma cruzi infection, most of them adults. In Bolivia CD has been declared a national priority. In 2009, the Chagas National Program (ChNP) had neither a protocol nor a clear directive for diagnosis and treatment of adults. Although programs had been implemented for congenital transmission and for acute cases, adults remained uncovered. Moreover, health professionals were not aware of treatment recommendations aimed at this population, and research on CD was limited; it was difficult to increase awareness of the disease, understand the challenges it presented, and adapt strategies to cope with it...
August 18, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820668/mental-health-and-coping-patterns-in-jewish-gay-men-in-israel-the-role-of-dual-identity-conflict-religious-identity-and-partnership-status
#8
Moshe Zeidner, Attara Zevulun
This study examined the effects of dual identity conflict, religious identity (religious/spiritual vs. sexual), and partnership status on the coping strategies and mental health of gay Jewish men in modern Israeli society. Participants were 73 religious and 71 secular gay men recruited via email, social networking sites, and online resources targeting sexual minority men. Participants were assessed via measures of identity conflict, mental health, and coping strategies. Jewish gay men who reported more severe identity conflict also reported using less problem-focused, emotion-focused, and avoidance coping strategies and reported poorer mental health than their less identity-conflicted counterparts...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820520/response-to-assessing-the-impact-of-acupuncture-on-pain-nausea-anxiety-and-coping-in-women-undergoing-a-mastectomy
#9
Jose M Moran, Antonio S Fernández, Juan D Pedrera-Zamorano
We read with interest the pilot randomized, controlled trial by Quinlan-Woodward et al. (2016) published in Oncology Nursing Forum about the impact of acupuncture on pain, nausea, anxiety, and coping in women undergoing a mastectomy. We think that there are both theoretical and methodologic issues that do not allow the authors to conclude that their study demonstrated that acupuncture delivered postoperatively in the hospital after mastectomy can reduce the severity of symptoms experienced and increase the patient's ability to cope with her symptoms...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820059/histone-modifications-in-aging%C3%AF-the-underlying-mechanisms-and-implications
#10
Yuan Wang, Quan Yuan, Liang Xie
Aging is characterized by time-dependent functional decline, which results in the reduced ability to cope with physiological challenges. The aging process can be affected by genetic factors, environment factors, epigenetic factors, and several stochastic factors. Epigenetic marker alteration during aging has been widely monitored and studied recently, since these epigenetic alterations are theoretically reversible. Histone post-translational modifications have been found to play a crucial role in epigenetic alteration during aging, among which histone methylation and histone acetylation are emerging as two well-documented modification methods...
August 17, 2017: Current Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#11
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819693/the-mindmap-project-mental-well-being-in-urban-environments-design-and-first-results-of-a%C3%A2-survey-on-healthcare-planning-policies-strategies-and-programmes-that-address-mental-health-promotion-and-mental-disorder-prevention-for-older-people-in-europe
#12
REVIEW
L Neumann, U Dapp, W Jacobsen, F van Lenthe, W von Renteln-Kruse
BACKGROUND: The MINDMAP consortium (2016-2019) aims to identify opportunities provided by the urban environment for the promotion of mental well-being and functioning of older people in Europe by bringing together European cities with urban longitudinal ageing studies: GLOBE, HAPIEE, HUNT, LASA, LUCAS, RECORD, Rotterdam Study, Turin Study. A survey on mental healthcare planning policies and programmes dedicated to older persons covering the range from health promotion to need of nursing care was performed for profound data interpretation in Amsterdam, Eindhoven, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kaunas, Krakow, London, Nord-Trøndelag, Paris, Prague, Rotterdam and Turin...
August 17, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818837/parent-coping-support-interventions-during-acute-pediatric-hospitalizations-a-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Stephanie K Doupnik, Douglas Hill, Deepak Palakshappa, Diana Worsley, Hanah Bae, Aleesha Shaik, Maylene Kefeng Qiu, Meghan Marsac, Chris Feudtner
CONTEXT: Parents may experience psychological distress when a child is acutely hospitalized, which can negatively affect child outcomes. Interventions designed to support parents' coping have the potential to mitigate this distress. OBJECTIVE: To describe interventions designed to provide coping support to parents of hospitalized children and conduct a meta-analysis of coping support intervention outcomes (parent anxiety, depression, and stress). DATA SOURCES: We searched Pubmed, Embase, PsycINFO, Psychiatry Online, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature from 1985 to 2016 for English-language articles including the concepts "pediatric," "hospitalization," "parents," and "coping support intervention...
August 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818663/a-lightweight-inexpensive-robotic-system-for-insect-vision
#14
Chelsea Sabo, Robert Chisholm, Adam Petterson, Alex Cope
Designing hardware for miniaturized robotics which mimics the capabilities of flying insects is of interest, because they share similar constraints (i.e. small size, low weight, and low energy consumption). Research in this area aims to enable robots with similarly efficient flight and cognitive abilities. Visual processing is important to flying insects' impressive flight capabilities, but currently, embodiment of insect-like visual systems is limited by the hardware systems available. Suitable hardware is either prohibitively expensive, difficult to reproduce, cannot accurately simulate insect vision characteristics, and/or is too heavy for small robotic platforms...
August 14, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818470/basic-principle-of-population-based-cohort-study-to-evaluate-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-among-elderly-japanese
#15
Megumi Hara, Yoshio Hirota
Influenza vaccines minimize the risk of influenza-related morbidity, complication, and death in elderly people. Although evaluating vaccine effectiveness (VE) is important for promoting immunization programs and coping with influenza epidemics, it is difficult to evaluate its effectiveness in Japan, where no frameworks to use large databases, such as a vaccination registry and health maintenance organization datasets, are available. Therefore, another analytic epidemiological investigations to evaluate VE in Japan are required...
August 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818227/impact-of-an-educational-program-on-the-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-patients-with-lymphedema-a-preliminary-evaluation
#16
Sophie Blaise, Bernadette Satger, Gilles Pernod, Cécile Richaud, Béatrice Villemur, Patrick H Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: We report on the preliminary evaluation of a well-designed program, Living with Lymphedema. This longitudinal cohort study assessed patients' quality of life using questionnaires. Our main objective was to evaluate the satisfaction of the patients and their adherence to the program. This was done using a specific questionnaire of satisfaction as well as by noting patients' adherence to the program (number of patients attending all three consultations). The secondary objective was to assess the effect of the program on the patient's quality of life...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818145/protective-effects-of-emotional-intelligence-and-proactive-coping-on-civil-pilots-mental-health
#17
Yaning Guo, Ming Ji, Xuqun You, Jie Huang
INTRODUCTION: Pilots' mental health is an issue of crucial importance that may endanger flight safety. As such, it is of profound significance to address the question of what characteristics are protective of mental health among pilots. The present study aimed to explore the indirect effects of emotional intelligence (EI) on depression and anxiety via proactive coping, and examine the moderating role of previous flight experience (PFE) in the conditional indirect effect of EI on depression through proactive coping...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817964/understanding-coping-strategies-among-people-living-with-scleroderma-a-focus-group-study
#18
Stephanie T Gumuchian, Sandra Peláez, Vanessa C Delisle, Marie-Eve Carrier, Lisa R Jewett, Ghassan El-Baalbaki, Catherine Fortune, Marie Hudson, Annett Körner, Linda Kwakkenbos, Susan J Bartlett, Brett D Thombs
PURPOSE: Systemic sclerosis or scleroderma is a chronic, rare connective tissue disease with negative physical and psychological implications. Coping strategies used by scleroderma patients have not been studied in-depth. The objective of the present study was to gain a greater understanding of the coping strategies employed by people living with scleroderma. METHOD: Three semi-structured focus group discussions were conducted with a total of 22 people with scleroderma...
August 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817926/yeast-multistress-resistance-and-lag-phase-characterisation-during-wine-fermentation
#19
David Ferreira, Virginie Galeote, Isabelle Sanchez, Jean-Luc Legras, Anne Ortiz-Julien, Sylvie Dequin
Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been used to perform wine fermentation for several millennia due to its endurance and unmatched qualities. Nevertheless, at the moment of inoculation, wine yeasts must cope with specific stress factors that still challenge wine makers by slowing down or compromising the fermentation process. To better assess the role of genetic and environmental factors that govern multistress resistance during the wine fermentation lag phase, we used a factorial plan to characterise the individual and combined impact of relevant stress factors on eight S...
September 1, 2017: FEMS Yeast Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817741/reconstruction-of-a-severely-atrophied-alveolar-ridge-by-computer-aided-gingival-simulation-and-3d-printed-surgical-guide-a-case-report
#20
In-Seok Song, Mi-Ran Lee, Jae-Jun Ryu, Ui-Lyong Lee
Dental implants positioned in severely atrophied anterior maxillae require esthetic or functional compromises. This case report describes the rehabilitation of a severely atrophied alveolar ridge with a three-dimensional (3D) computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacture (CAD/CAM) surgical guide. A 50-year-old woman had a severely atrophied anterior maxilla with unfavorably positioned dental implants. Functional and esthetic prosthodontic restoration was difficult to achieve. An anterior segmental osteotomy was planned to reposition the dental implants...
August 17, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
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