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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776012/evolving-self-view-and-body-image-concerns-in-female-post-operative-bariatric-surgery-patients
#1
Tamara O Perdue, Ann Schreier, Melvin Swanson, Janice Neil, Robert Carels
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This research study explores the experience of post-operative bariatric surgery patients as they adjust to diminished weight and differentiates that adjustment from the more general concept of body image. BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is an effective way to reduce weight and co-morbidities associated with obesity. Complete success requires that patients must adjust psychologically as they lose weight. If this does not occur, bariatric patients may experience a 'mind-body lag' in which the patient's internal body image lags behind the external changes...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775991/redefining-perinatal-experience-a-philosophical-exploration-of-a-hypothetical-case-of-gender-diversity-in-labour-and-birth
#2
Brianna Richardson, Sheri Price, Marsha Campbell-Yeo
OBJECTIVE AND AIMS: Using a queer phenomenological approach, the objective of this philosophical analysis is to explore the transgender experience in highly gendered clinical areas, such as the birth unit, and make recommendations on how to provide perinatal care that is inclusive of gender diversity within these areas. This paper aims to describes a hypothetical clinical experience to provide insight on the institutional barriers that currently exist and to provide nurses and midwives with pragmatic strategies to enhance gender-diverse care in general and gendered clinical areas...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#3
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775975/misleading-new-insights-into-the-chrysotile-debate
#4
H-J Woitowitz, X Baur
Although there is no dispute among independent scientists about the carcinogenic and fibrogenic effects of chrysotile, the asbestos industry has been continuously and successfully acting to cast doubts on its harm. Another approach including asbestos insurance entities is to refuse compensation by raising the bar and fight criminal prosecution for asbestos-related diseases by the help of paid scientists. A recent publication on asbestos fibre burden in human lungs fits well in this context. The claim that chrysotile fibres are biopersistent in human lung is not based on the data provided by these authors, and, additionally, exhibits serious inconsistencies and obvious mismeasurements and significant methodological problems...
May 18, 2018: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775972/the-effect-on-performance-time-and-quality-of-the-knots-after-mono-or-bimanual-training-of-laparoscopic-intracorporeal-knot-tying-according-to-the-gladiator-rule-technique
#5
Fernanda de Almeida Asencio, Helizabet Abdala Salomão Ayroza Ribeiro, Armando Romeo, Arnauld Wattiez, Paulo Augusto Galvão Ayroza Ribeiro
OBJECTIVE:  To assess whether the monomanual or bimanual training of laparoscopic suture following the same technique may interfere with the knots' performance time and/or quality. METHODS:  A prospective observational study involving 41 resident students of gynecology/obstetrics and general surgery who attended a laparoscopic suture training for 2 days. The participants were divided into two groups. Group A performed the training using exclusively their dominant hand, and group B performed the training using both hands to tie the intracorporeal knot...
May 18, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775960/strategies-to-decrease-oxidative-stress-biomarker-levels-in-human-medical-conditions-a-meta-analysis-on-8-iso-prostaglandin-f-2%C3%AE
#6
Thomas J van 't Erve
The widespread detection of elevated oxidative stress levels in many medical conditions has led to numerous efforts to design interventions to reduce its effects. Efforts have been wide-ranging, from dietary changes to administration of antioxidants, supplements, e.g., omega-3-fatty acids, and many medications. However, there is still no systemic assessment of the efficacy of treatments for oxidative stress reduction across a variety of medical conditions. The goal of this meta-analysis is, by combining multiple studies, to quantitate the change in the levels of the popular oxidative stress biomarker 8-iso-prostaglandin F2α (8-iso-PGF2α ) after a variety of treatment strategies in human populations...
May 9, 2018: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775956/typology-of-new-psychoactive-substance-use-among-the-general-australian-population
#7
Rachel Sutherland, Amy Peacock, Amanda Roxburgh, Monica J Barratt, Lucinda Burns, Raimondo Bruno
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the typology of Australian illicit drug consumers to determine whether those who use new psychoactive substances (NPS) differ from those using other illicit substances. METHODS: Data were from the 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, a representative population study; analyses were limited to participants reporting past year illicit drug use (including NPS; n = 3309). Latent class analysis identified groups based on past year substance use, and a weighted multivariable, multinomial regression model was used to examine characteristics associated with group membership...
May 3, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775909/sensorimotor-control-and-neuromuscular-activity-of-the-shoulder-in-adolescent-competitive-swimmers-with-generalized-joint-hypermobility
#8
Thomas Frydendal, Henrik Eshøj, Behnam Liaghat, Pascal Edouard, Karen Søgaard, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
INTRODUCTION: Shoulder pain is highly prevalent in competitive swimmers, and generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) is considered a risk factor. Sensorimotor control deficiencies and altered neuromuscular activation of the shoulder may represent underlying factors. RESEARCH QUESTION: To investigate whether competitive swimmers with GJH including shoulder hypermobility (GJHS) differ in shoulder sensorimotor control and muscle activity from those without GJH and no shoulder hypermobility (NGJH)...
May 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775903/thermal-treatment-of-biochar-in-the-air-nitrogen-atmosphere-for-developed-mesoporosity-and-enhanced-adsorption-to-tetracycline
#9
Xiaoxiao Zhu, Chunyan Li, Jianfa Li, Bin Xie, Jinhong Lü, Yimin Li
For the purpose of producing carbons with developed mesoporosity, a wood biochar was thermally treated at 600-800 °C in the air/nitrogen atmosphere. The mesopore development was observed when the air flux increased to 50-90 mL/min, and the carbon product having high mesopore surface area (316 m2 /g) and mesopore pore volume (0.284 cm3 /g) was produced at the treatment temperature of 700 °C. The mesopores were developed mainly in the temperature holding stage of thermal treatment, with size mainly ranged from 20 to 60 Å...
May 11, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775887/gender-and-age-varying-associations-of-sensation-seeking-and-substance-use-across-young-adulthood
#10
Rebecca J Evans-Polce, Megan S Schuler, John E Schulenberg, Megan E Patrick
INTRODUCTION: Sensation seeking is associated with elevated risk for substance use among adolescents and young adults. However, whether these associations vary across age for young men and women is not well characterized. METHODS: Using data from the Monitoring the Future (MTF) panel study, we examine the age-varying associations of sensation seeking and three types of substance use behavior (binge drinking, cigarette use, and marijuana use) across ages 18 to 30 using time-varying effect modeling...
May 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775879/catalytic-degradation-of-organophosphorous-nerve-agent-simulants-by-polymer-beads-graphene-oxide-with-organophosphorus-hydrolase-like-activity-based-on-rational-design-of-functional-bimetallic-nuclear-ligand
#11
Xuejuan Ma, Lin Zhang, Mengfan Xia, Xiaohong Zhang, Yaodong Zhang
The degradation of organophosphorous nerve agents is of primary concern due to the severe toxicity of these agents. Based on the active center of organophosphorus hydrolase (OPH), a bimetallic nuclear ligand, (5-vinyl-1,3-phenylene)bis(di(1H-imidazol-2-yl) methanol) (VPIM), was designed and synthesized, which contains four imidazole groups to mimic the four histidines at OPH active center. By grafting VPIM on graphene oxide (GO) surface via polymerization, the VPIM-polymer beads@GO was produced. The obtained OPH mimics has an impressive activity in dephosphorylation reactions (turnover frequency (TOF) towards paraoxon: 2...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775820/adoption-of-farm-management-systems-for-cross-compliance-an-empirical-case-in-germany
#12
Ulrike Knuth, T S Amjath-Babu, Andrea Knierim
In Germany, Farm Management Systems (FMS) have been introduced as a support to farmers' compliance with environmental and other regulations, aiming at the increase of farm level performance and sustainable farming practices. Different kinds of FMS were developed and promulgated with various approaches, determined by each federal state's agricultural advisory system. Knowledge on the FMS' uptake and effectiveness has been lacking so far. The overall aim of this paper is to provide an analysis of the implementation process and selected outcomes of the policy-driven instrumental innovation of FMS...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775803/assisted-reproductive-technologies-and-imprinting-disorders-results-of-a-study-from-a-french-congenital-malformations-registry
#13
Audrey Uk, Sophie Collardeau-Frachon, Quentin Scanvion, Lucas Michon, Emmanuelle Amar
INTRODUCTION: Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) is increasingly used to help infertile couples to have children around the world. A number of studies have been published reporting an increased risk of major malformations in children born following ART, especially an increased incidence of epigenetic diseases (ED). This study aimed to assess the incidence of epigenetic diseases with affected imprinting genes in infants or children from pregnancies obtained through IVF/ICSI compared to infants or children from pregnancies obtained spontaneously...
May 15, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775802/nonoperative-management-of-a-severe-proximal-rectus-femoris-musculotendinous-injury-in-a-recreational-athlete-a-case-report
#14
Park Ck, Zlomislic V, Du J, Huang Bk, Chang Ey, Chang Dg
This report describes a severe injury to the proximal rectus femoris (RF) muscle in a 37-year-old recreational athlete. This injury is a relatively rare occurrence in both the general and elite athletic populations. Acute and long-term imaging and functional outcomes are described. This athlete was able to return to full activity without surgical intervention. Follow-up imaging demonstrated gross healing of both complete (or near complete) muscle and tendon tears.
May 15, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775801/narrative-review-on-the-effect-of-shockwave-treatment-for-management-of-upper-and-lower-extremity-musculoskeletal-conditions
#15
REVIEW
Julia M Reilly, Eric Bluman, Adam S Tenforde
Extracorporeal shockwave therapy (ESWT) is a technology that was first introduced into clinical practice in 1982 for urological conditions. Subsequent clinical applications in musculoskeletal conditions have been described in treatment of plantar fasciopathy, both upper and lower extremity tendinopathies, greater trochanteric pain syndrome, medial tibial stress syndrome, management of non-union fractures, and joint disease including avascular necrosis (AVN). The aim of this review is to summarize the current understanding of treatment of musculoskeletal conditions with ESWT, accounting for differences in treatment protocol and energy levels...
May 15, 2018: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775798/to-detect-or-not-to-detect-a-replication-and-extension-of-the-three-stage-model
#16
Alexander B Swan, Dustin P Calvillo, Russell Revlin
When faced with a decision, people generally show a bias toward heuristic processing, even if it leads to the incorrect decision, such as in the base-rate neglect task. The crucial question is whether people know that they are biased. Recently, the three-stage model (Pennycook, Fugelsang, & Koehler, 2015) suggested that detecting this bias (conflict detection) is imperfect and a consistent source of bias because some people do not recognize that they are making biased decisions. In Experiment 1, participants completed a base-rate neglect task as replication of Pennycook et al...
May 15, 2018: Acta Psychologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775774/hospital-admissions-2000-2014-a-retrospective-analysis-of-288-096-events-in-patients-with-dementia
#17
Catarina Bernardes, João Massano, Alberto Freitas
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is a leading cause of disability worldwide. It is associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, imposing a significant burden on healthcare systems. The evidence on the long-term evolution of this issue and broadly on healthcare systems is currently limited. This study aims to describe the hospitalizations of people who received a diagnosis of dementia admitted to public general hospitals in a western European country with universal health coverage, over more than a decade...
May 8, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775771/a-detailed-analysis-of-the-arden-syntax-expression-grammar
#18
Stefan Kraus, Marc Rosenbauer, Lutz Schröder, Thomas Bürkle, Klaus-Peter Adlassnig, Dennis Toddenroth
OBJECTIVE: The Arden Syntax for Medical Logic Systems is a standard for encoding and sharing medical knowledge in the form of Medical Logic Modules. To improve accessibility for clinicians, the originators of the standard deliberately designed Arden Syntax expressions to resemble natural language, and parentheses around operands are not generally required. For certain patterns of nested expressions, however, the use of parentheses is mandatory, otherwise they are not accepted by an Arden Syntax environment...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775769/quality-of-life-after-combined-endonasal-endoscopic-odontoidectomy-and-posterior-suboccipital-decompression-and-fusion
#19
Malte Ottenhausen, Andrew F Alalade, Kavelin Rumalla, Prakash Nair, Ali Baaj, Roger Hartl, Ashutosh Kacker, Jeffrey P Greenfield, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz
INTRODUCTION: Basilar invagination can result from a variety of systemic diseases that can weaken the structural integrity of the craniocervical junction. Definitive treatment often requires ventral decompression along with posterior decompression and fusion. Endonasal odontoidectomy is a relatively new minimal access procedure, however, quality of life after this procedure has not been reported. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive database of endonasal odontoidectomy patients and identified those having posterior decompression and fusion...
May 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775765/disconnection-surgery-for-intractable-epilepsy-with-a-structural-abnormality-in-the-medial-posterior-cortex
#20
Takeshi Matsuo, Kensuke Kawai, Kenji Ibayashi, Ichiro Shirouzu, Miki Sato
BACKGROUND: The lesionectomy is a general surgical procedure for treating focal epilepsy resulting from a structural abnormality, but some patients can not achieve favorable outcome, especially patients whose symptomatogenic zone is located in remote regions. Herein we propose the surgical disconnection of the seizure propagation pathway, which consists of short and long associating fibers linking the epileptogenic zone to the remote symptomatogenic zone, as an effective method of achieving favorable seizure outcomes in patients with posterior cortex epilepsy...
May 15, 2018: World Neurosurgery
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