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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823137/survey-of-genetic-structure-of-geese-using-novel-microsatellite-markers
#1
Fang-Yu Lai, Po-An Tu, Shih-Torng Ding, Min-Jung Lin, Shen-Chang Chang, En-Chung Lin, Ling-Ling Lo, Pei-Hwa Wang
Objective: The aim of this study was to create a set of microsatellite markers with high polymorphism for the genetic monitoring and genetic structure analysis of local goose populations. Methods: Novel microsatellite markers were isolated from the genomic DNA of white Roman geese using short tandem repeated probes. The DNA segments, including short tandem repeats, were tested for their variability among four populations of geese from the Changhua Animal Propagation Station (CAPS)...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823070/-what-is-not-written-does-not-exist-the-importance-of-proper-documentation-of-medication-use-history
#2
Carina Carvalho Silvestre, Lincoln Marques Cavalcante Santos, Alfredo Dias de Oliveira-Filho, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra
Medications are perceived as health risk factors, because they might cause damage if used improperly. In this context, an adequate assessment of medication use history should be encouraged, especially in transitions of care to avoid unintended medication discrepancies (UMDs). In a case-controlled study, we investigated potential risk factors for UMDs at hospital admission and found that 150 (42%) of the 358 patients evaluated had one or more UMDs. We were surprised to find that there was no record of a patient and/or relative interview on previous use of medication in 117 medical charts of adult patients (44...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822993/seropositivity-and-titers-of-anti-smooth-muscle-actin-antibody-are-associated-with-relapse-of-type-1-autoimmune-hepatitis
#3
Taro Shibuki, Taiga Otsuka, Hiroshi Isoda, Norimasa Araki, Yoshihito Kubotsu, Yasunori Kawaguchi, Shunya Nakashita, Wataru Yoshioka, Seiji Kawazoe, Hiroaki Kawasoe, Yasushi Ide, Toshihiko Mizuta, Saga Study Group Of Liver Diseases Sasld
BACKGROUND It is important to avoid relapse in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) because repeated multiple relapses have been associated with a worse prognosis. However, risk factors for relapse before initiation of treatment are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to find predictive markers for relapse of type 1 AIH. MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed the records of 53 patients diagnosed with type 1 AIH based on the revised scoring system proposed by the International Autoimmune Hepatitis Group (IAIHG) between 2009 and 2014 at 4 hospitals belonging to the Saga Study Group of Liver Diseases (SASLD)...
August 20, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822960/loss-of-perilipin-2-in-cultured-myotubes-enhances-lipolysis-and-redirects-the-metabolic-energy-balance-from-glucose-oxidation-towards-fatty-acid-oxidation
#4
Yuan Z Feng, Jenny Lund, Yuchuan Li, Irlin K Knabenes, Siril S Bakke, Eili Tranheim Kase, Yun K Lee, Alan R Kimmel, G Hege Thoresen, Arild Christian Rustan, Knut Tomas Dalen
Lipid droplet (LD) coating proteins are essential for the formation and stability of intracellular LDs. Plin2 is an abundant LD coating protein in skeletal muscle, but its importance for muscle function is unclear. We show that myotubes established from Plin2-/- mice contain reduced content of LDs and accumulate less oleic acid in triacylglycerol (TAG), due to elevated LD hydrolysis compared to Plin2+/+ myotubes. The reduced ability to store TAG in LDs in Plin2-/- myotubes is accompanied by a shift in energy metabolism...
August 19, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822944/pregnancy-outcome-after-cervical-conisation-a-2nd-retrospective-cohort-study-in-the-leuven-university-hospital
#5
Kim van Velthoven, Willy Poppe, Hannah Verschuere, Marc Arbyn
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the dimensions of the cones removed during large loop excision of the transformation zone have decreased over time. Secondly, whether these changes were associated with a lower risk of obstetrical harms on a subsequent pregnancy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective matched cohort study was performed in a tertiary referral unit in Belgium. A total of 97 women were identified from a database of women who underwent excisional treatment for cervical precancer between January 1st, 2004 and December 31st, 2012, and delivered before December 31st, 2014...
June 29, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822912/a-metabolic-activity-detecting-approach-to-life-detection-restoring-a-chemostat-from-stop-feeding-using-a-rapid-bioactivity-assay
#6
Shiue-Lin Li, Ming-Der Bai, Chia-Jung Hsiao, Sheng-Shung Cheng, Kenneth H Nealson
A mediated glassy carbon electrode covered by a thin-film polyviologen was used in the present study to rapidly detect bioactivity in a mixed-culture chemostat (dominated by Clostridium sp.). With the addition of 1mM hexacyanoferrate and 9mM glucose, the current increasing rate (dI/dt) measured under a poised potential of 500mV (vs. Ag/AgCl) can be defined as the quantity of metabolic activity. In the experiment of restoring the chemostat from stop-feeding, it is suggested that when the dI/dt was >2μAmin(-1), the influent pump could be directly turned on to maintain the high dilution rate of 0...
August 9, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822869/a-review-of-terrorism-and-its-reduction-of-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-after-seasonal-adjustment
#7
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, a ratio expressed as M/T (males:total births). The ratio exhibits seasonal variation. Furthermore, acute stressful events may result in a transient dip in male births due to excess foetal losses, reducing M/T. AIMS: This study was carried out in order to identify significant M/T dips after adjusting for seasonality. STUDY DESIGN: Live births by gender and month were sought for acute stressful events...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822850/an-assessment-of-food-safety-information-provision-for-uk-chemotherapy-patients-to-reduce-the-risk-of-foodborne-infection
#8
E W Evans, E C Redmond
OBJECTIVES: Given the increased risk of foodborne infection to cancer patients receiving chemotherapy treatment, and the risk of listeriosis reportedly five-times greater to this immunocompromised patient group, there is a need to ensure the implementation of domestic food safety practices among chemotherapy patients and their family caregivers. However, information regarding the adequacy of resources to inform and enable patients to implement domestic food safety practices to reduce the risk of foodborne infection is limited...
August 17, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822694/sex-and-the-housing-effects-on-behavior-cortisol-levels-and-weight-in-zebrafish
#9
Gustavo Kellermann Reolon, Gabriela Madalena de Melo, João Gabriel Dos Santos da Rosa, Leonardo José Gil Barcellos, Carla Denise Bonan
Studies with zebrafish use acclimatizing periods of at least one week immediately before the experiments. During this time, animals can be housed in sexually segregated conditions (only females or males in the tank) or in mixed-sex conditions (both sexes in the tank). The influence of sex and housing conditions regarding the presence of one or two sexes is largely unknown in zebrafish. Our aim was to evaluate the influence that sex and housing regarding the sex of animals had in the open tank task, in the inhibitory avoidance memory test, in cortisol levels and weight in zebrafish...
August 16, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822660/prospective-randomized-study-of-long-term-hemodialysis-catheter-removal-versus-guidewire-exchange-to-treat-catheter-related-bloodstream-infection
#10
Hossam M Saleh, Mohamed M Tawfik, Hesham Abouellail
BACKGROUND: Long-term (tunneled cuffed) hemodialysis catheters are frequently used vascular access in renal failure patients. Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a common complication of long-term hemodialysis catheters, with severe morbidities and high risk of mortality. Management of CRBSI by systemic antibiotics while keeping the catheter in place is not effective. Among the different modalities of CRBSI management are catheter removal (CR) and guidewire exchange (GE) of the catheter...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822632/the-heel-height-test-a-novel-tool-for-the-detection-of-combined-anterior-cruciate-ligament-and-fibular-collateral-ligament-tears
#11
Mark E Cinque, Andrew G Geeslin, Jorge Chahla, Gilbert Moatshe, Jonas Pogorzelski, Nicholas N DePhillipo, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: To determine the exact value of side-to-side difference (SSD) in heel height that was associated with combined anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and fibular collateral ligament (FCL) tears (compared with an isolated ACL tear) and determine the clinical utility of heel height SSD in the assessment of this injury pattern. METHODS: Two patient groups were identified: (1) patients with isolated ACL tears and (2) patients with combined ACL-FCL tears but without additional collateral or cruciate ligament injuries...
August 16, 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822618/the-impact-of-incident-depression-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
C Lunghi, A Zongo, J Moisan, J-P Grégoire, L Guénette
BACKGROUND: Depression has been correlated with suboptimal adherence to antidiabetic drugs (ADs). Most studies on this topic were cross-sectional; thus, the directionality of this relationship could not be established. The objective of this study was to measure the association between incident depression and AD nonadherence among newly treated patients with diabetes. METHODS: We performed a population-based cohort study among new AD users using the Quebec public health insurance data...
August 16, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822610/evaluation-of-fever-in-the-emergency-department
#13
REVIEW
Sarah DeWitt, Summer A Chavez, Jack Perkins, Brit Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Fever is one of the most common complaints in the emergency department (ED) and is more complex than generally appreciated. The broad differential diagnosis of fever includes numerous infectious and non-infectious etiologies. An essential skill in emergency medicine is recognizing the pitfalls in fever evaluation. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: This review provides an overview of the complaint of fever in the ED to assist the emergency physician with a structured approach to evaluation...
August 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822604/volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-vmat-for-whole-brain-radiotherapy-not-only-for-hippocampal-sparing-but-also-for-reduction-of-dose-to-organs-at-risk
#14
Sumit Sood, Damodar Pokhrel, Christopher McClinton, Christopher Lominska, Rajeev Badkul, Hongyu Jiang, Fen Wang
A prospective clinical trial, Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) 0933, has demonstrated that whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) using conformal radiation delivery technique with hippocampal avoidance is associated with less memory complications. Further sparing of other organs at risk (OARs) including the scalp, ear canals, cochleae, and parotid glands could be associated with reductions in additional toxicities for patients treated with WBRT. We investigated the feasibility of WBRT using volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) to spare the hippocampi and the aforementioned OARs...
August 16, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822602/time-dependent-role-of-prefrontal-cortex-and-hippocampus-on-cognitive-improvement-by-aripiprazole-in-olfactory-bulbectomized-mice
#15
Kohei Takahashi, Osamu Nakagawasai, Wataru Nemoto, Takayo Odaira, Yuichiro Arai, Tadashi Hisamitsu, Koichi Tan-No
Dopamine (DA) modulates cognitive functions in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) and hippocampus. Olfactory bulbectomy (OBX) in mice induces cognitive dysfunctions. Recently, we reported that aripiprazole (ARI) normalizes the behavioral hyper-responsivity to DA agonists in OBX mice. However, it remains unclear whether ARI affects OBX-induced cognitive dysfunctions. To address this question we evaluated ARI-treated and untreated OBX mice in a passive avoidance test. Then, we investigated the effects of ARI on cell proliferation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus by immunohistochemistry, and on c-fos levels in the PFC and hippocampus, as well as nerve growth factor (NGF) levels in the hippocampus by western blotting...
August 16, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822595/microbiological-assessment-of-honey-in-m%C3%A3-xico
#16
Carlos Ramón Vázquez-Quiñones, Rúben Moreno-Terrazas, Iván Natividad-Bonifacio, Elsa Irma Quiñones-Ramírez, Carlos Vázquez-Salinas
Honey is a product used as a natural sweetener and in several regions of Mexico and other countries it is also used as a therapeutic agent. Microbiological contamination of honey can occur during its extraction and handling. Due to the use and consumption of honey we highlighted here the importance of the assessment of its microbiological quality. One thousand nine hundred twenty samples obtained from 8 honey-producing states from Mexico were analyzed. From these samples, 40.5% (777/1920) did not comply with the NMX-036-NORMEX-2006 specification...
August 16, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822540/life-threatening-complications-and-mortality-of-minimally-invasive-pectus-surgery
#17
André Hebra, Robert E Kelly, Marcelo M Ferro, Mustafa Yüksel, Jose Ribas M Campos, Donald Nuss
The prevalence and type of life-threatening complications related to the minimally invasive repair of pectus excavatum (MIRPE) and bar removal are unknown and underreported. The purpose of this communication is to make surgeons aware of the risk of these life threatening complications as well as the modifications which have been developed to prevent them. METHODS: Data related to life-threatening complications of Pectus Excavatum (PE) patients was obtained from four sources: 1. A survey of Chest Wall International Group (CWIG) surgeons who specialize in repairing congenital chest wall malformations, 2...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822515/assessment-of-knowledge-about-healthy-heart-habits-in-urban-and-rural-population-of-punjab-after-sms-campaign-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Bishav Mohan, Sarit Sharma, Shruti Sharma, Dinesh Kaushal, Bhupinder Singh, Shibba Takkar, Naved Aslam, Abhishek Goyal, Gurpreet S Wander
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is increasing in developing countries but the awareness regarding prevention and treatment of these diseases is still low. Therefore the present study was conducted with the aim of imparting health education regarding certain changes in lifestyle and dietary habits among general population through the use of short message service (SMS) that may lead to improved knowledge about prevention of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted over a period of seven months...
July 2017: Indian Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822484/behavior-as-a-mechanism-of-insecticide-resistance-evaluation-of-the-evidence
#19
REVIEW
M P Zalucki, M J Furlong
'Behavioral resistance' must be defined in a manner consistent with other mechanisms of resistance and be based on heritable changes. Most claimed cases of behavioral resistance to insecticides are simply aversion behaviors either learned or based on simple repellency or avoidance. Although studies have shown changes in taste/odour receptors (e.g., cockroaches), unequivocal demonstration of behavioral resistance to insecticides is rare. The fundamental problems are: 1. Inferring resistance from observations, with little evidence of 'normal' behavior prior to exposure to insecticides...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822325/are-there-regional-tendencies-toward-controversial-screening-practices-a-study-of-prostate-and-breast-cancer-screening-in-a-medicare-population
#20
Eric Raffin, Tracy Onega, Julie Bynum, Andrea Austin, Donald Carmichael, Kristen Bronner, Philip Goodney, Elias S Hyams
INTRODUCTION: Prostate and breast cancer screening in older patients continue to be controversial. Balancing the desire for early detection with avoidance of over-diagnosis has led to competing and contradictory guidelines for both practices. Despite similarities, it is not known how these screening practices are related at the regional level. In this study, we examined how screening PSA and mammography are related within healthcare regions, and, to better understand what may be driving these practices, whether they are associated with local intensity of care...
August 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology
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