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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103469/transitions-of-postural-coordination-as-a-function-of-frequency-of-the-moving-support-platform
#1
Aviroop Dutt-Mazumder, Karl Newell
This study was set-up to investigate the multi-segmental organization of human postural control in a dynamic balance task. The focus was on the coupling between the center of mass (CoM) and center of pressure (CoP) as a candidate collective variable that supports maintaining balance on a sinusoidal oscillating platform in the medial-lateral (ML) plane and was continuously scaled up and then down across a frequency range from 0.2Hz to 1.2Hz. The CoM-CoP coordination changed from in-phase to anti-phase and anti-phase to in-phase at a critical frequency (∼0...
January 16, 2017: Human Movement Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065673/spectral-analysis-of-reflex-cutaneous-vasodilatation-during-passive-heat-stress
#2
Matthew M Mallette, Gary J Hodges, Gregory W McGarr, David A Gabriel, Stephen S Cheung
Previous work has demonstrated that spectral analysis is a useful tool to non-invasively ascertain the mechanisms of control of the cutaneous circulation. The majority of work using spectral analysis has focused on local control mechanisms, with none examining reflex control. Skin blood flow was analysed using spectral analysis on the dorsal aspect of the forearm of 7 males and 7 females during passive heat stress, with mean forearm and local temperature at the site of measurement maintained at thermoneutral (33°C) to minimize the effect of local control mechanisms...
January 5, 2017: Microvascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042996/individual-difference-in-%C3%AE-band-corticomuscular-coherence-and-its-relation-to-force-steadiness-during-isometric-voluntary-ankle-dorsiflexion-in-healthy-humans
#3
Junichi Ushiyama, Junya Yamada, Meigen Liu, Junichi Ushiba
OBJECTIVE: Magnitude of β-band coherent neural activities between the sensorimotor cortex and contracting muscle is known to vary across healthy individuals. To clarify how this variance affects actual motor function, this study examined associations between the corticomuscular coherence (CMC) and force steadiness. METHODS: CMC was calculated between scalp electroencephalograms (EEGs) over the sensorimotor cortex and surface electromyograms (EMGs) from the tibialis anterior muscle during tonic isometric voluntary ankle dorsiflexion at 30% of maximal effort in 22 healthy individuals...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033533/fatigue-responses-of-the-human-cervical-spine-intervertebral-discs
#4
Narayan Yoganandan, Sagar Umale, Brain Stemper, Bryan Snyder
Numerous studies have been conducted since more than fifty years to understand the behavior of the human lumbar spine under fatigue loading. Applications have been largely driven by low back pain and human body vibration problems. The human neck also sustains fatigue loading in certain type of civilian occupational and military operational activities, and research is very limited in this area. Being a visco-elastic structure, it is important to determine the stress-relaxation properties of the human cervical spine intervertebral discs to enable accurate simulations of these structures in stress-analysis models...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029427/predicting-tdcs-treatment-outcomes-of-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-using-automated-eeg-classification
#5
Alaa M Al-Kaysi, Ahmed Al-Ani, Colleen K Loo, Tamara Y Powell, Donel M Martin, Michael Breakspear, Tjeerd W Boonstra
BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a promising treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD). Standard tDCS treatment involves numerous sessions running over a few weeks. However, not all participants respond to this type of treatment. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of identifying MDD patients that respond to tDCS treatment based on resting-state electroencephalography (EEG) recorded prior to treatment commencing. METHODS: We used machine learning to predict improvement in mood and cognition during tDCS treatment from baseline EEG power spectra...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000230/mitochondrial-capacity-muscle-endurance-low-energy-in-friedreich-ataxia
#6
Hannah M Bossie, T Bradley Willingham, Robbi A Van Schoick, Patrick J O'Connor, Kevin K McCully
INTRODUCTION: We noninvasively evaluated skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity, muscle-specific endurance, and energy/fatigue feelings in persons with Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) and able-bodied controls (AB). METHODS: Forearm mitochondrial capacity was measured in FRDA (n=16) and AB (n=10) using the rate of recovery of oxygen consumption after electrical stimulation with near-infrared spectroscopy. Mechanomyography (MMG) assessed muscle endurance after electrical stimulation for 3-minutes at 2Hz, 4Hz, and 6Hz...
December 21, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989852/cortical-and-spinal-assessment-a-comparative-study-using-encephalography-and-the-nociceptive-withdrawal-reflex
#7
I W Fischer, M Gram, T M Hansen, A Brokjaer, C Graversen, L P Malver, C D Mørch, L L Christrup, A M Drewes, A E Olesen
BACKGROUND: Standardized objective methods to assess the analgesic effects of opioids, enable identification of underlying mechanisms of drug actions in the central nervous system. Opioids may exert their effect on both cortical and spinal levels. In this study actions of morphine at both levels were investigated, followed by analysis of a possible correlation between the cortical processing and spinal transmission. METHODS: The study was conducted after a double-blinded, two-way crossover design in thirty-nine healthy participants...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939700/is-the-link-between-depressed-mood-and-heart-rate-variability-explained-by-disinhibited-eating-and-diet
#8
Hayley A Young, Alecia L Cousins, Heather T Watkins, David Benton
Consistently it has been reported that a depressed mood and low heart rate variability (HRV) are linked. However, studies have not considered that the association might be explained by dietary behaviour. The resting inter-beat interval data of 266 adults (Study 1: 156 (51M), Study 2: 112 (38M)) were recorded for six minutes and quantified using linear (HF power: 0.15-0.4Hz) and nonlinear indices (Sample entropy). Participants also completed the Profile of Mood States and the Three Factor Eating questionnaires...
December 8, 2016: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915117/from-intentions-to-actions-neural-oscillations-encode-motor-processes-through-phase-amplitude-and-phase-amplitude-coupling
#9
Etienne Combrisson, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Juan Lp Soto, Golnoush Alamian, Philippe Kahane, Jean-Philippe Lachaux, Aymeric Guillot, Karim Jerbi
Goal-directed motor behavior is associated with changes in patterns of rhythmic neuronal activity across widely distributed brain areas. In particular, movement initiation and execution are mediated by patterns of synchronization and desynchronization that occur concurrently across distinct frequency bands and across multiple motor cortical areas. To date, motor-related local oscillatory modulations have been predominantly examined by quantifying increases or suppressions in spectral power. However, beyond signal power, spectral properties such as phase and phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) have also been shown to carry information with regards to the oscillatory dynamics underlying motor processes...
November 30, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894921/alterations-of-awake-eeg-in-idiopathic-rem-sleep-behavior-disorder-without-cognitive-impairment
#10
Young Rong Bang, Hong Jun Jeon, Soyoung Youn, In-Young Yoon
The aim of this study was to find electroencephalographic (EEG) changes in subjects with drug-naïve idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) who had no cognitive impairment. A total of 57 iRBD patients confirmed by polysomnography (PSG) and 33 sex and age-matched healthy controls were included and their waking EEG was recorded from five cortical regions for 15min. Power spectral analyses by fast Fourier transforms were performed on EEG data. In PSG data, the iRBD patients showed sleep disturbances of short total sleep time, decreased sleep efficiency, increased sleep latency and frequent awakening compared to controls...
January 10, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893744/optimization-of-irreversible-electroporation-protocols-for-in-vivo-myocardial-decellularization
#11
Yaniv Zager, David Kain, Natalie Landa, Jonathan Leor, Elad Maor
BACKGROUND: Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a non-thermal cell ablation approach that induces selective damage to cell membranes only. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate and optimize its use for in-vivo myocardial decellularization. METHODS: Forty-two Sprague-Dawley rats were used to compare myocardial damage of seven different IRE protocols with anterior myocardial infarction damage. An in-vivo open thoracotomy model was used, with two-needle electrodes in the anterior ventricular wall...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884662/integrity-of-central-nervous-function-in-diabetes-mellitus-assessed-by-resting-state-eeg-frequency-analysis-and-source-localization
#12
Jens B Frøkjær, Carina Graversen, Christina Brock, Ahmad Khodayari-Rostamabad, Søren S Olesen, Tine M Hansen, Eirik Søfteland, Magnus Simrén, Asbjørn M Drewes
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with structural and functional changes of the central nervous system. We used electroencephalography (EEG) to assess resting state cortical activity and explored associations to relevant clinical features. Multichannel resting state EEG was recorded in 27 healthy controls and 24 patients with longstanding DM and signs of autonomic dysfunction. The power distribution based on wavelet analysis was summarized into frequency bands with corresponding topographic mapping. Source localization analysis was applied to explore the electrical cortical sources underlying the EEG...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659238/classifying-amygdala-kindling-stages-using-quantitative-assessments-of-extracellular-recording-of-eeg-in-rats
#13
Mostafa Jalilifar, Ali Yadollahpour, Ahmad Ali Moazedi, Zohreh Ghotbeddin
PURPOSE: Determining different seizure stage specific features in a kindling model is a crucial step in developing efficient objective techniques for early prediction and treatment of seizures. This study identified and categorized kindling stages based on their electrophysiological features through processing extracellular field potentials of Amygdala rapid kindling. METHODS: Thirteen Wistar rats (200±10g) were divided into 2 groups including kindle (n=7) and sham (n=6) and respectively underwent an amygdala rapid kindling and placebo stimulation...
September 19, 2016: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634797/coordination-of-slow-waves-with-sleep-spindles-predicts-sleep-dependent-memory-consolidation-in-schizophrenia
#14
Charmaine Demanuele, Ullrich Bartsch, Bengi Baran, Sheraz Khan, Mark G Vangel, Roy Cox, Matti Hämäläinen, Matthew W Jones, Robert Stickgold, Dara S Manoach
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Schizophrenia patients have correlated deficits in sleep spindle density and sleep-dependent memory consolidation. In addition to spindle density, memory consolidation is thought to rely on the precise temporal coordination of spindles with slow waves (SWs). We investigated whether this coordination is intact in schizophrenia and its relation to motor procedural memory consolidation. METHODS: Twenty-one chronic medicated schizophrenia patients and 17 demographically-matched healthy controls underwent two nights of polysomnography with training on the finger tapping motor sequence task (MST) on the second night and testing the following morning...
September 9, 2016: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27390982/vagal-reactivation-after-exercise-and-cardiac-autonomic-nervous-activity-in-adult-fontan-patients-without-pacemakers
#15
Prisca Eser, David Herzig, Marcel Vogt, Roger Stämpfli, Moreno Trovato, Daniela Schäfer Olstad, Lukas Trachsel, Christina Deluigi, Kerstin Wustmann, Matthias Greutmann, Daniel Tobler, Dominik Stambach, Jean-Paul Schmid, Markus Schwerzmann, Matthias Wilhelm
PURPOSE: Patients with Fontan circulation have reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in supine position. However, neither cardiac autonomic nervous activity (CANA) in response to orthostatic challenge nor vagal reactivation by means of heart rate (HR) recovery after cessation of exercise have previously been investigated in Fontan patients. The aim of this study was to compare HRV in supine and standing position, as well as HR recovery between Fontan patients and healthy controls. METHODS: Eight Fontan patients (4 male/4 female) without pacemakers and 12 healthy volunteers (5m/7f) with minimum age of 18years were recruited...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317631/attenuated-rapid-onset-vasodilation-with-greater-force-production-in-skeletal-muscle-of-caveolin-2-mice
#16
Charmain A Fernando, Yajun Liu, Grzegorz Sowa, Steven S Segal
Caveolin-2 (Cav2) is a major protein component of caveolae in membranes of vascular smooth muscle and endothelium, yet its absence alters the ultrastructure of skeletal muscle fibers. To gain insight into Cav2 function in skeletal muscle, we tested the hypothesis that genetic deletion of Cav2 would alter microvascular reactivity and depress contractile function of skeletal muscle in vivo. In the left gluteus maximus muscle (GM) of anesthetized Cav2(-/-) and wild-type (WT) male mice (age, 6 mo), microvascular responses to physiological agonists and to GM contractions were studied at 34°C...
August 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291885/changes-in-electrocorticographic-beta-frequency-components-precede-spreading-depolarization-in-patients-with-acute-brain-injury
#17
Daniel N Hertle, Marina Heer, Edgar Santos, Michael Schöll, Christina M Kowoll, Christian Dohmen, Jennifer Diedler, Roland Veltkamp, Rudolf Graf, Andreas W Unterberg, Oliver W Sakowitz
OBJECTIVE: Spreading depolarization (SD) occurs after traumatic brain injury, subarachnoid hemorrhage, malignant hemispheric stroke and intracranial hemorrhage. SD has been associated with secondary brain injury, which can be reduced by ketamine. In this present study frequency bands of electrocorticographic (ECoG) recordings were investigated with regards to SDs. METHODS: A total of 43 patients after acute brain injury were included in this retrospective and explorative study...
July 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291879/maturation-of-the-p3-and-concurrent-oscillatory-processes-during-adolescence
#18
Birgit Mathes, Ksenia Khalaidovski, Annika S Wienke, Christina Schmiedt-Fehr, Canan Basar-Eroglu
OBJECTIVE: During adolescence event-related modulations of the neural response may increase. For slow event-related components, such as the P3, this developmental change may be masked due to increased amplitude levels of ongoing delta and theta oscillations in adolescents. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study design, EEG was measured in 51 participants between 13 and 24years. A visual oddball paradigm was used to elicit the P3. Our analysis focused on fronto-parietal activations within the P3 time-window and the concurrent time-frequency characteristics in the delta (∼0...
July 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27291872/facilitation-dynamics-of-late-somatosensory-evoked-potentials-after-sural-nerve-stimulation
#19
I Zakharova, J C Kohlmeyer, M E Kornhuber
OBJECTIVE: Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) could be suitable for elucidating the properties of synaptic potentials (SPs). Two experiments were designed for this purpose. METHODS: 1st experiment: the sural nerve was stimulated in 13 subjects with single or trains of 3 stimuli (1Hz or 0.4Hz), the within train interstimulus interval (ISI) was stepwise extended from 2 to 10ms. Cz' against Fz, time interval 500ms. 2nd experiment: Gating was investigated in a paired stimulus paradigm with intervals of 0...
July 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27178869/interictal-high-frequency-oscillations-generated-by-seizure-onset-and-eloquent-areas-may-be-differentially-coupled-with-different-slow-waves
#20
Yutaka Nonoda, Makoto Miyakoshi, Alejandro Ojeda, Scott Makeig, Csaba Juhász, Sandeep Sood, Eishi Asano
OBJECTIVE: High-frequency oscillations (HFOs) can be spontaneously generated by seizure-onset and functionally-important areas. We determined if consideration of the spectral frequency bands of coupled slow-waves could distinguish between epileptogenic and physiological HFOs. METHODS: We studied a consecutive series of 13 children with focal epilepsy who underwent extraoperative electrocorticography. We measured the occurrence rate of HFOs during slow-wave sleep at each electrode site...
June 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
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