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Psychiatrie

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786496/on-moral-psychiatry
#1
Kamaldeep Bhui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785625/exploring-the-association-between-electronic-health-record-use-and-burnout-among-psychiatry-residents-and-faculty-a-pilot-survey-study
#2
Nicholas M Domaney, John Torous, William E Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: Burnout is a phenomenon with profound negative effects on the US healthcare system. Little is known about the relationship between time spent working on electronic health record (EHR) and burnout among psychiatry residents. The purpose of this study is to generate preliminary data on EHR use and burnout among psychiatry residents and faculty. METHODS: In August 2017, psychiatry residents and faculty at an academic medical center were given the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a standardized measurement tool for burnout, and a survey of factors related to EHR use and potential risk factors for burnout...
May 21, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784218/sleep-disturbance-and-the-change-from-white-to-red-lighting-at-night-on-old-age-psychiatry-wards-a-quality-improvement-project
#3
David Martin, Anya Hurlbert, David Andrew Cousins
Psychiatric inpatient units often maintain a degree of lighting at night to facilitate the observation of patients, but this has the potential to disrupt sleep. Certain wavelengths of light may be less likely to disturb sleep and if such lighting permitted adequate observations, patient wellbeing may be improved. AIMS AND METHOD: This study explored the effects of changing night-lights from broad-band white to narrow-band red on the amount of sleep observed, 'as required' medication administered and number of falls, in an old age psychiatry inpatient setting...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783857/psychiatry-s-ethical-involvement-in-gender-affirming-care
#4
Roberto D'Angelo
OBJECTIVE: To reflect on the role of psychiatry in authorising physical treatments for Gender Dysphoria and to examine the quality of evidence for gender-reassignment. METHOD: A Medline search was performed with the subject term "transsexualism" or "gender dysphoria" and "outcome" or "follow-up" in the title. Studies published from 2005 onwards reporting psychosocial outcomes were selected for review. RESULTS: Most available evidence indicating positive outcomes for gender reassignment is of poor quality...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781924/changes-in-psychiatric-and-medical-conditions-and-health-care-utilization-following-a-diagnosis-of-sexual-assault-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
Kelly C Young-Wolff, Varada Sarovar, Daniella Klebaner, Felicia Chi, Brigid McCaw
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault (SA) is alarmingly common and is associated with higher prevalence of psychiatric and medical conditions. However, many prior studies are limited to cross-sectional designs. Health care systems with electronic health records provide unique longitudinal data to examine whether SA is associated with changes in health and health care utilization. METHODS: The sample included 1350 Kaiser Permanente Northern California adult female patients with a SA diagnosis from 2009 to 2015 and 4050 adult female patients without a SA diagnosis, matched on age, medical facility, and continuous enrollment during the study period...
May 17, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781887/speculations-on-the-future-of-psychiatric-diagnosis
#6
A John Rush, Hisham M Ibrahim
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V), criterion symptom listings are frequently used in clinical practice as checklists to make diagnoses. However, most DSM-V conditions are, in fact, syndromes, that is, collections of signs and symptoms that commonly occur together in the clinic. This report discusses the value of syndromes in medicine and psychiatry. It is argued that a more precise future enumeration of brain circuits and the pathogenesis of psychiatric conditions will help us better understand and treat psychiatric syndromes, but they are unlikely to eliminate the need to categorize psychiatric conditions...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781408/gilles-de-la-tourette-syndrome-as-a-paradigmatic-neuropsychiatric-disorder
#7
Andrea E Cavanna
Gilles de la Tourette syndrome is a chronic and complex tic disorder accompanied by specific behavioral problems in the majority of patients. With its multifaceted interplay between motion and emotion, this condition is a paradigmatic example of the science and art of clinical neuropsychiatry. This review article encompasses the clinical phenomenology of motor and vocal tics and associated sensory experiences (premonitory urges), as well as the behavioral spectrum of the most common comorbidities, including obsessive-compulsive disorder, attention-deficit and hyperactivity disorder, affective symptoms, and impulsivity...
May 21, 2018: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780221/announcing-the-new-launch-of-the-egyptian-journal-of-neurology-psychiatry-and-neurosurgery
#8
EDITORIAL
M Ossama Abdulghani, Ahmed M Abdelalim, Khaled O Abdulghani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: The Egyptian journal of neurology, psychiatry and neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779952/the-prevalence-of-rare-diseases-in-psychiatry
#9
Veerle Bergink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779726/multimodal-connectomics-in-psychiatry-bridging-scales-from-micro-to-macro
#10
REVIEW
Lianne H Scholtens, Martijn P van den Heuvel
The human brain is a highly complex system, with a large variety of microscale cellular morphologies and macroscale global properties. Working at multiple scales, it forms an efficient system for processing and integration of multimodal information. Studies have repeatedly demonstrated strong associations between modalities of both microscales and macroscales of brain organization. These consistent observations point toward potential common organization principles where regions with a microscale architecture supportive of a larger computational load have more and stronger connections in the brain network on the macroscale...
April 19, 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779187/dualism-and-its-place-in-a-philosophical-structure-for-psychiatry
#11
Hane Htut Maung
It is often claimed in parts of the psychiatric literature that neuroscientific research into the biological basis of mental disorder undermines dualism in the philosophy of mind. This paper shows that such a claim does not apply to all forms of dualism. Focusing on Kenneth Kendler's discussion of the mind-body problem in biological psychiatry, I argue that such criticism of dualism often conflates the psychological and phenomenal concepts of the mental. Moreover, it fails to acknowledge that there are different varieties of dualism, and so overlooks the important metaphysical insights of contemporary dualist philosophers...
May 19, 2018: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778776/identification-and-medical-utilization-of-incident-cases-of-alcohol-dependence-a-population-based-case-control-study
#12
Chun-Hung Pan, Min-Shan Li, Tien-Wey Yang, Ming-Chyi Huang, Sheng-Shiang Su, Yen-Ni Hung, Chiao-Chicy Chen, Chian-Jue Kuo
BACKGROUND: Patients with alcohol dependence (AD) often seek help from medical professionals due to alcohol-related diseases, but the overall distribution of medical specialties identifying new AD cases is unclear. We investigated how such cases were identified and how medical resources were utilized before the identification of AD in a nationwide cohort. METHODS: We enrolled a population-based cohort (N = 1,000,000) using the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan; 8181 cases with incident AD were retrieved between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2010...
May 5, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777396/neurology-training-for-psychiatry-residents-practices-challenges-and-opportunities
#13
EDITORIAL
Daniel Shalev, Nuri Jacoby
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777249/relationship-between-theory-and-workplace-based-assessment-scores-in-medical-knowledge-within-a-national-psychiatry-residency-programme
#14
Christopher Yw Chan, Yvonne Yock, Min Yi Sum, Winston Zx Wong, Yong Hao Lim, Wen Phei Lim, Eric Holmboe, Kang Sim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776679/the-probability-that-catatonia-in-the-hospital-has-a-medical-cause-and-the-relative-proportions-of-its-causes-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Mark A Oldham
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to determine the probability that catatonia in the hospital has a secondary cause ("medical catatonia") and to calculate the relative proportions of these causes stratified by hospital setting. METHODS: PRISMA systematic review of PubMed. RESULTS: Eleven studies were included. Hospital-wide, 20% of catatonia was medical. In acute medical and surgical settings, medical catatonia comprised more than half of cases...
April 9, 2018: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776348/the-influence-of-cross-sectoral-treatment-models-on-patients-with-mental-disorders-in-germany-study-protocol-of-a-nationwide-long-term-evaluation-study-eva64
#16
Anne Neumann, Enno Swart, Dennis Häckl, Roman Kliemt, Stefanie March, Denise Küster, Katrin Arnold, Thomas Petzold, Fabian Baum, Martin Seifert, Jessika Weiß, Andrea Pfennig, Jochen Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Close, continuous and efficient collaboration between different professions and sectors of care is necessary to provide patient-centered care for individuals with mental disorders. The lack of structured collaboration between in- and outpatient care constitutes a limitation of the German health care system. Since 2012, a new law in Germany (§64b Social code book (SGB) V) has enabled the establishment of cross-sectoral and patient-centered treatment models in psychiatry. Such model projects follow a capitation budget, i...
May 18, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775916/cortisol-trajectory-melancholia-and-response-to-electroconvulsive-therapy
#17
Brian J Mickey, Yarden Ginsburg, Adam F Sitzmann, Clara Grayhack, Srijan Sen, Clemens Kirschbaum, Daniel F Maixner, James L Abelson
While biomarkers have been used to define pathophysiological types and to optimize treatment in many areas of medicine, in psychiatry such biomarkers remain elusive. Based on previously described abnormalities of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis function in severe forms of depression, we hypothesized that the temporal trajectory of basal cortisol levels would vary among individuals with depression due to heterogeneity in pathophysiology, and that cortisol trajectories that reflect elevated or increasing HPA activity would predict better response to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774955/examining-the-factors-that-are-correlated-with-mindfulness-with-a-focus-on-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#18
Burcu Goksan Yavuz, Mesut Yavuz, Arzu Onal
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that attention deficit hyperactivity symptoms would negatively correlate with the level of mindfulness. DESIGN AND METHOD: Seventy-six subjects referred to the outpatient psychiatry unit and 32 healthy control subjects filled out the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS), and the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS). FINDINGS: Patients scored higher on ADH symptoms compared to controls (p ≤ ...
May 18, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774797/-brain-disorders-by-henry-calderwood-1879
#19
G E Berrios
Henry Calderwood, a nineteenth-century Scottish philosopher interested in madness, published in 1879 an important work on the interaction between philosophy of mind, the nascent neurosciences and mental disease. Holding a spiritual view of the mind, he considered the phrase 'mental disease' (as Feuchtersleben had in 1845) to be but a misleading metaphor. His analysis of the research work of Ferrier, Clouston, Crichton-Browne, Maudsley, Tuke, Sankey, etc., is detailed, and his views are correct on the very limited explanatory power that their findings had for the understanding of madness...
June 2018: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774515/eating-disorder-or-oesophageal-achalasia-during-adolescence-diagnostic-difficulties
#20
REVIEW
Aurélie Letranchant, Bénédicte Pigneur, Martine Flament, Nathalie Godart
Marine was a fourteen and a half-year-old adolescent female hospitalized for an eating disorder (ED) of the anorexic type with purging behaviors. She has had a complicated life course, made up of disruptions and discontinuities, both family and school. Since the age of five, Marine had been intermittently treated in psychiatry for a diagnosis of oppositional defiant disorder. The current illness started with spontaneous and induced vomiting associated with major weight loss (body mass index, 15.27 kg m-2 )...
May 17, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
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