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Medical cosmetology

X Wang, X Shu, Z Li, W Huo, L Zou, Y Tang, L Li
BACKGROUND: Skin imaging analysis, acting as a supplement to noninvasive bioengineering devices, has been widely used in medical cosmetology and cosmetic product evaluation. The main aim of this study is to assess the differences and correlations in measuring skin spots, wrinkles, vascular features, porphyrin, and pore between two commercially available image analysis software. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy healthy women were included in the study. Before taking pictures, the dermatologist evaluated subjects' skin conditions...
January 27, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
B Kikalishvili, N Gorgaslidze, Ts Sulakvelidze, M Malania, N Urushadze, D Turabelidze
The purpose of the research was to study seed lipids of cultivated plants: Medicago sativa, Ruta graveolens L., Linum usitatissimum L., which are growing on experimental field of I. Kutateladze Institute of Pharmacochemistry. From the above-mentioned plant seeds was obtained the sum of neutral and polar lipids, the classes were determined qualitatively. Using standard methods were determined some physico-chemical constant of oils. Fatty acids was established qualitatively and was determined quantitatively using Gas chromatography and High performance liquid chromatography methods...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
Anatoly Borisovich Shekhter, Alexey Leonidovich Fayzullin, Marina Nikolaevna Vukolova, Tatyana Georgiyevna Rudenko, Varvara Dmitriyevna Osipycheva, Petr Francevich Litvitsky
Collagen and collagen-based materials have been successfully used in medicine for over 50 years. The number of scientific articles about the role of collagen in the construction of scaffolds for tissue engineering has risen precipitously in recent years. The review contains materials about historic and modern applications of collagen in medicine such as soluble collagen injections, solid constructs reconstructed from solution, and decellularized collagen matrices. The analysis of published data proves the efficacy of collagen material in the treatment of chronic wounds, burns, venous and diabetic ulcers, in plastic, reconstructive and general surgery, urology, proctology, gynecology, ophthalmology, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, dentistry, cardiovascular and bone and cartilage surgery, as well as in cosmetology...
December 5, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Y J Wu
In the heyday of Chinese feudal society, women's status in the society of the Sui-Tang period was improved in the Tang Dynasty.The demand for female to stay young and anti-aging had attracted lots of attention in the society, thus providing a favorable social environment for the formation and development of Chinese herbal cosmetology. The important representative medical works on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) were published in the Sui and Tang Dynasties, such as Bei ji qian jin yao fang (Essential Recipes for Emergent Use Worth A Thousand Gold), Qian jin yi fang (Supplement to Recipes Worth A Thousand Gold), Wai tai mi yao (Arcane Essentials from the Imperial Library) etc...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
Mateusz Jasik, Borys Szefczyk
Menthol's various biological properties render it a useful component for medical and cosmetological applications, while its three centers of asymmetry mean that it can be used in a range of organic reactions. Menthol-substituted ionic liquids (ILs) have been found to exhibit promising antimicrobial and antielectrostatic properties, as well as being useful in organic catalysis and biochemical studies. However, so far, a force field designed and validated specifically for the menthol molecule has not been constructed...
October 2016: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Hsin-Yu Chou, Chelsea Lee, Jian-Liang Pan, Zhi-Hong Wen, Shu-Hung Huang, Chi-Wei John Lan, Wang-Ta Liu, Tzyh-Chyuan Hour, You-Cheng Hseu, Byeong Hee Hwang, Kuo-Chen Cheng, Hui-Min David Wang
Among many antioxidants that are used for the repairing of oxidative stress induced skin damages, we identified the enriched astaxanthin extract (EAE) from Haematococcus pluvialis as a viable ingredient. EAE was extracted from the red microalgae through supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction. To compare the effectiveness, EAE wastreated on human dermal fibroblasts with other components, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), and doxycycline. With sirius red staining and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), we found that PMA decreased the collagen concentration and production while overall the addition of doxycycline and EAE increased the collagen concentration in a trial experiments...
June 16, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ewelina Bogumiła Zuba, Wojciech Francuzik, Przemysław Malicki, Agnieszka Osmola-Mańkowska, Dorota Jenerowicz
Dear Editor, Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a well-known physical hazard responsible for photoaging, photoallergic, and phototoxic reactions as well as carcinogenesis, including life-threatening melanomas (1,2). Overexposure to both natural and artificial UV radiation is a public health concern. 30% of cancers diagnosed worldwide are skin cancers. Approximately three million non-melanoma skin cancers and 132 000 new cases of melanomas are diagnosed globally each year (3). Sunburns, especially in childhood, are a very important risk factor for melanomas...
April 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Shing-Yi Sean Wu, Hui-Min David Wang, Yi-Shan Wen, Wangta Liu, Pin-Hui Li, Chien-Chih Chiu, Pei-Chin Chen, Chiung-Yao Huang, Jyh-Horng Sheu, Zhi-Hong Wen
In this study, we screened compounds with skin whitening properties and favorable safety profiles from a series of marine related natural products, which were isolated from Formosan soft coral Cladiella australis. Our results indicated that 4-(phenylsulfanyl)butan-2-one could successfully inhibit pigment generation processes in mushroom tyrosinase platform assay, probably through the suppression of tyrosinase activity to be a non-competitive inhibitor of tyrosinase. In cell-based viability examinations, it demonstrated low cytotoxicity on melanoma cells and other normal human cells...
August 26, 2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Shing-Yi Sean Wu, Hui-Min David Wang, Yi-Shan Wen, Wangta Liu, Pin-Hui Li, Chien-Chih Chiu, Pei-Chin Chen, Chiung-Yao Huang, Jyh-Horng Sheu, Zhi-Hong Wen
In this study, we screened compounds with skin whitening properties and favorable safety profiles from a series of marine related natural products, which were isolated from Formosan soft coral Cladiella australis. Our results indicated that 4-(phenylsulfanyl)butan-2-one could successfully inhibit pigment generation processes in mushroom tyrosinase platform assay, probably through the suppression of tyrosinase activity to be a non-competitive inhibitor of tyrosinase. In cell-based viability examinations, it demonstrated low cytotoxicity on melanoma cells and other normal human cells...
2015: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
N Stroumza, R Bosc, B Hersant, O Hermeziu, J-P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: Evaluating skin properties is often too subjective. Using the cutometer allows one to take objective measures of certain mechanic properties of the skin such as visco-elasticity. The aim of this article is to evaluate through a review of existing literature the advantages and the limits of the cutometer and to propose an improvement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The selection of articles has been conducted with the PubMed database in order to identify all publications concerning the cutometer up until September 2013...
April 2015: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
Bor-Wen Yang, Yu-Yen Wang, Yu-Min Lin, Yu-Shan Juan, Hung-Te Chen, Shang-Ping Ying
A conventional handheld skin camera is suitable for 2D inspection of shallow skin. Due to its high resolution and noninvasiveness, optical coherence tomography (OCT) has become a popular medical-imaging technology. Among OCT schemes, full-field optical coherence tomography (FF-OCT) is suitable for rapid en face imaging, as it uses a 2D imaging device for pixel processing of a sample plane. Because of its wide bandwidth and long lifetime, an RGB LED was chosen in an FF-OCT system among three source candidates in this study...
August 1, 2014: Applied Optics
Monika Tyszkiewicz-Bandur
INTRODUCTION: For the purposes of this research attachment theory was incorporated into the concept of emotional intelligence. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The methodological starting point of this study was the assumption that the level of emotional intelligence and social competence is related to a steady feature, namely the type of attachment. Standardized questionnaires available in the Laboratory of Psychological Tests of the Polish Psychological Association were chosen to measure the level of emotional intelligence...
2013: Annales Academiae Medicae Stetinensis
Robert Koprowski
INTRODUCTION: Dedicated, automatic algorithms for image analysis and processing are becoming more and more common in medical diagnosis. When creating dedicated algorithms, many factors must be taken into consideration. They are associated with selecting the appropriate algorithm parameters and taking into account the impact of data acquisition on the results obtained. An important feature of algorithms is the possibility of their use in other medical units by other operators. This problem, namely operator's (acquisition) impact on the results obtained from image analysis and processing, has been shown on a few examples...
2014: Biomedical Engineering Online
Chien-Chia Chen, Sui-Hing Yan, Muh-Yong Yen, Pei-Fang Wu, Wei-Ting Liao, Tsi-Shu Huang, Zhi-Hong Wen, Hui-Min David Wang
BACKGROUND: Diseases caused by infectious and inflammatory microorganisms are among the most common and most severe nosocomial diseases worldwide. Therefore, developing effective agents for treating these illnesses is critical. In this study, essential oils from two tea tree species, kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) and manuka (Leptospermum scoparium), were evaluated for use in treating diseases and inflammation caused by microorganism infection. METHODS: Isolates of clinically common bacteria and fungi were obtained from American Type Culture Collection and from Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital...
February 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Dorota Samul, Paulina Worsztynowicz, Katarzyna Leja, Włodzimierz Grajek
Bacteria of the Clostridium genus are often described only as a biological threat and a foe of mankind. However, many of them have positive properties and thanks to them they may be used in many industry branches (e.g., in solvents and alcohol production, in medicine, and also in esthetic cosmetology). During the last 10 years interest in application of C. botulinum and C. tetani in medicine significantly increased. Currently, the structure and biochemical properties of neurotoxins produced by these bacterial species, as well as possibilities of application of such toxins as botulinum as a therapeutic factor in humans, are being intensely researched...
2013: Acta Biochimica Polonica
Aude Munin, Florence Edwards-Lévy
Natural polyphenols are valuable compounds possessing scavenging properties towards radical oxygen species, and complexing properties towards proteins. These abilities make polyphenols interesting for the treatment of various diseases like inflammation or cancer, but also for anti-ageing purposes in cosmetic formulations, or for nutraceutical applications. Unfortunately, these properties are also responsible for a lack in long-term stability, making these natural compounds very sensitive to light and heat. Moreover, polyphenols often present a poor biodisponibility mainly due to low water solubility...
2011: Pharmaceutics
Katarzyna Jankowska, Anna Delewska, Robert Klimkiewicz, Anna Kubsik, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Methods of the transdermal administration of drugs have long been sought in the medical field in order to ensure the noninvasive and painless transmission of the medicine. Such methods include the TTS (transdermal therapeutic system). It is a method, or rather a set of methods that allows the introduction of the drug to the sites of pathologically changed areas without the pharmacological burdening of the whole body. An important aspect of this treatment is that the substance can be introduced passively (even to unconscious or sanity-limited patients) or actively, i...
September 2013: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Chih-Chen Lee, Li-Yu Chiou, Jheng-Yang Wang, Sin-You Chou, John Chi-Wei Lan, Tsi-Shu Huang, Kuo-Chuan Huang, Hui-Min Wang
Supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction technology was developed to gain the active components from a Taiwan native plant, Zingiber officinale (ginger). We studied the biological effects of ginger extracts via multiple assays and demonstrated the biofunctions in each platform. Investigations of ginger extracts indicated antioxidative properties in dose-dependant manners on radical scavenging activities, reducing powers and metal chelating powers. We found that ginger extracts processed moderate scavenging values, middle metal chelating levels, and slight ferric reducing powers...
2013: TheScientificWorldJournal
Zhong-Nan Mao, Shi-Biao Wang, Ya-Lin Chang, Hai-Yan Wang, Li-Ya Mao, Xiao-Ling Zhang, Tian-You He
OBJECTIVE: To observe the efficacy difference between meridian cosmetology and western medicine in the treatment of chloasma and explore the impacts of meridian cosmetology on E2 and PRGE. METHODS: Three hundreds cases of chloasma were randomized into a meridian cosmetology group and a western medication group according to the visit sequence, 150 cases in each one. In the meridian cosmetology group, the meridian regulation, acupuncture based on pattern/syndrome differentiation [at the body acupoints such as Qihai (CV 6), Xuehai (SP 10), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Ganshu (BL 18), Pishu (BL 20) and Shenshu (BL 23), etc...
September 2012: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
Magdalena Dąbrowska-Galas, Ryszard Plinta, Jolanta Dąbrowska, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
BACKGROUND: Medical students and other health care professionals have substantial knowledge of the benefits of regular physical activity. Furthermore, as they have an ethical obligation to prescribe suitable exercises, they can influence their patients' attitude toward physical activity and can become role models for their patients. Physical therapists, who are primary care practitioners, have great potential for promoting physical activity; however, their role is still underestimated by patients and health care professionals...
March 2013: Physical Therapy
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