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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223964/assessing-stakeholder-perceptions-of-the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-national-scale-up-for-a-dual-hiv-syphilis-rapid-diagnostic-test-in-malawi
#1
Brandy L Peterson Maddox, Shauntā S Wright, Hazel Namadingo, Virginia B Bowen, Geoffrey A Chipungu, Mary L Kamb
OBJECTIVES: The WHO recommends pregnant women receive both HIV and syphilis testing at their first antenatal care visit, as untreated maternal infections can lead to severe, adverse pregnancy outcomes. One strategy for increasing testing for both HIV and syphilis is the use of point-of-care (rapid) diagnostic tests that are simple, proven effective and inexpensive. In Malawi, pregnant women routinely receive HIV testing, but only 10% are tested for syphilis at their first antenatal care visit...
December 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220441/improved-annotation-of-the-insect-vector-of-citrus-greening-disease-biocuration-by-a-diverse-genomics-community
#2
Surya Saha, Prashant S Hosmani, Krystal Villalobos-Ayala, Sherry Miller, Teresa Shippy, Mirella Flores, Andrew Rosendale, Chris Cordola, Tracey Bell, Hannah Mann, Gabe DeAvila, Daniel DeAvila, Zachary Moore, Kyle Buller, Kathryn Ciolkevich, Samantha Nandyal, Robert Mahoney, Joshua Van Voorhis, Megan Dunlevy, David Farrow, David Hunter, Taylar Morgan, Kayla Shore, Victoria Guzman, Allison Izsak, Danielle E Dixon, Andrew Cridge, Liliana Cano, Xiaolong Cao, Haobo Jiang, Nan Leng, Shannon Johnson, Brandi L Cantarel, Stephen Richards, Adam English, Robert G Shatters, Chris Childers, Mei-Ju Chen, Wayne Hunter, Michelle Cilia, Lukas A Mueller, Monica Munoz-Torres, David Nelson, Monica F Poelchau, Joshua B Benoit, Helen Wiersma-Koch, Tom D'Elia, Susan J Brown
https://citrusgreening.org/.
January 1, 2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220078/using-the-seven-bridges-cancer-genomics-cloud-to-access-and-analyze-petabytes-of-cancer-data
#3
Raunaq Malhotra, Isheeta Seth, Erik Lehnert, Jing Zhao, Gaurav Kaushik, Elizabeth H Williams, Anurag Sethi, Brandi N Davis-Dusenbery
Next-generation sequencing has produced petabytes of data, but accessing and analyzing these data remain challenging. Traditionally, researchers investigating public datasets like The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) would download the data to a high-performance cluster, which could take several weeks even with a highly optimized network connection. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) initiated the Cancer Genomics Cloud Pilots program to provide researchers with the resources to process data with cloud computational resources...
December 8, 2017: Current Protocols in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217099/proinflammatory-diets-during-pregnancy-and-neonatal-adiposity-in-the-healthy-start-study
#4
Brianna F Moore, Katherine A Sauder, Anne P Starling, James R Hébert, Nitin Shivappa, Brandy M Ringham, Deborah H Glueck, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII) scores during pregnancy and neonatal adiposity. STUDY DESIGN: The analysis included 1078 mother-neonate pairs in Healthy Start, a prospective prebirth cohort. Diet was assessed using repeated 24-hour dietary recalls. DII scores were obtained by summing nutrient intakes, which were standardized to global means and multiplied by inflammatory effect scores. Air displacement plethysmography measured fat mass and fat-free mass within 72 hours of birth...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211780/prevalence-and-antibiotic-resistance-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-water-samples-in-central-italy-and-molecular-characterization-of-oprd-in-imipenem-resistant-isolates
#5
Giuditta Fiorella Schiavano, Elisa Carloni, Francesca Andreoni, Silvia Magi, Maria Chironna, Giorgio Brandi, Giulia Amagliani
SCOPE: This study aimed to analyse the prevalence, antibiotic resistance and genetic relatedness of P. aeruginosa isolates obtained from potable and recreational water samples (n. 8,351) collected from different settings (swimming pools, n. 207; healthcare facilities, n 1,684; accommodation facilities, n. 1,518; municipal waterworks, n. 4,500; residential buildings, n. 235). Possible mechanisms underlying resistance to imipenem, with particular focus on those involving oprD-based uptake, were also explored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210970/evaluating-the-implementation-of-a-preemptive-multimodal-analgesia-protocol-in-a-plastic-surgery-office
#6
Brandi Tinsbloom, Virginia C Muckler, William T Stoeckel, Robert L Whitehurst, Brett Morgan
Many patients undergoing plastic surgery experience significant pain postoperatively. The use of preemptive, multimodal analgesia techniques to reduce postoperative pain has been widely described in the literature. This quality improvement project evaluated the implementation of a preemptive, multimodal analgesia protocol in an office-based plastic surgery facility to decrease postoperative pain, decrease postoperative opioid consumption, decrease postanesthesia care time, and increase patient satisfaction...
October 2017: Plastic Surgical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209563/comparative-immunologic-characterization-of-autoimmune-giant-cell-myocarditis-with-ipilimumab
#7
Alexandre Reuben, Mariana Petaccia de Macedo, Jennifer McQuade, Aron Joon, Zhiyong Ren, Tiffany Calderone, Brandy Conner, Khalida Wani, Zachary A Cooper, Hussein Tawbi, Michael T Tetzlaff, Robert F Padera, Jean-Bernard Durand, Alexander J Lazar, Jennifer A Wargo, Michael A Davies
Autoimmune myocarditis is a rare but often fatal toxicity of checkpoint inhibitor immunotherapy. To improve the understanding of this complication, we performed immune profiling on post-mortem tissue from a patient with metastatic melanoma who had steroid-responsive hepatitis, steroid-refractory myocarditis, and shrinking lung metastases after ipilimumab treatment. Histological analysis of heart tissue demonstrated findings consistent with giant cell myocarditis (GCM). The immune infiltrate in the heart was largely comprised of CD4+ T cells, whereas the liver had very few T cells, and CD8+ T cells were predominant in the responding lung metastases...
2017: Oncoimmunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207909/the-evolving-role-of-long-term-pharmacotherapy-for-opioid-induced-constipation-in-patients-being-treated-for-noncancer-pain
#8
Brandi L Bowers, Andrew J Crannage
Nationally, the prescription of opioids for acute and chronic pain is increasing. As opioid use continues to expand and become of increased concern for health-care practitioners, so do the adverse effects and long-term management of those effects. Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) presents a unique challenge because tolerance does not develop to this particular adverse effect, making chronic pain management a delicate balance between relieving pain and preventing long-term adverse effects such as constipation and dependence...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204518/the-pervasive-crisis-of-diminishing-radiation-therapy-access-for-vulnerable-populations-in-the-united-states-part-1-african-american-patients
#9
Shearwood McClelland, Brandi R Page, Jerry J Jaboin, Christina H Chapman, Curtiland Deville, Charles R Thomas
Introduction: African Americans experience the highest burden of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States and have been persistently less likely to receive interventional care, even when such care has been proven superior to conservative management by randomized controlled trials. The presence of disparities in access to radiation therapy (RT) for African American cancer patients has rarely been examined in an expansive fashion. Methods and materials: An extensive literature search was performed using the PubMed database to examine studies investigating disparities in RT access for African Americans...
October 2017: Advances in Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#10
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200332/medicaid-expansion-and-marketplace-eligibility-both-increased-coverage-with-trade-offs-in-access-affordability
#11
Thomas M Selden, Brandy J Lipton, Sandra L Decker
Affordable Care Act (ACA) provisions implemented in 2014 provide a valuable case study regarding the merits of using public versus subsidized private insurance to help low-income people obtain and finance health care. In particular, nonelderly adults with incomes of 100-138 percent of the federal poverty level gained Medicaid eligibility if they lived in states that implemented the ACA's Medicaid expansion, whereas those in nonexpansion states became eligible for subsidized Marketplace coverage. Using data for 2008-15 from the National Health Interview Survey, we found that as of 2015, adults with family incomes in this range had experienced large declines in uninsurance rates in both expansion and nonexpansion states (the adjusted declines were 22 percentage points and 18 percentage points, respectively)...
December 2017: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196431/editor-s-note-shame-stigma-and-medicine
#12
EDITORIAL
Brandy Schillace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190405/are-self-study-procedural-teaching-methods-effective-a-pilot-study-of-a-family-medicine-residency-program
#13
Brandy Deffenbacher, Shannon Langner, Morteza Khodaee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A family medicine residency is a unique training environment where residents are exposed to care in multiple settings, across all ages. Procedures are an integral part of family medicine practice. Family medicine residency (FMR) programs are tasked with the job of teaching these skills at a level of intensity and frequency that allows a resident to achieve competency of such skills. In an environment that is limited by work hour restrictions, self-study teaching methods are one way to ensure all residents receive the fundamental knowledge of how to perform procedures...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189651/are-you-sure-you-want-to-send-that-a-model-for-email-professionalism-in-medical-education
#14
Kenyon Railey, Brandi Tuttle, Jasmine Weiss
Email is an essential method of communication within academic medical environments and elsewhere. There is a growing body of literature that focuses on provider-to-patient communication in addition to studies examining the intersection of social networking and professionalism. Relatively little research exists, however, regarding the components of professional email interactions or "best practices" for electronic correspondence among colleagues, faculty, and trainees. After reviewing the existing literature, the authors created a practical approach for skillful email construction; the SURE model proposes a simplified framework that teaching institutions can use to improve interdisciplinary interactions and enhance email professionalism...
December 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184235/volatile-fingerprinting-of-the-plum-brandies-produced-from-different-fruit-varieties
#15
Olga Vyviurska, František Matura, Katarína Furdíková, Ivan Špánik
Nowadays, fingerprinting of food became one of the most perspective analytical tools to resolve a problem of food quality and authentication, especially in difficult cases like differentiation of fruit varieties. In this work, plum brandies distillated by the same technology from 25 plum cultivars were distinguished by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatographic analysis and sensory evaluation. The number of identified compounds in studied samples varied between 91 and 195 depending on the plum variety...
December 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183074/effect-of-oral-capsule-vs-colonoscopy-delivered-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-on-recurrent-clostridium-difficile-infection-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Dina Kao, Brandi Roach, Marisela Silva, Paul Beck, Kevin Rioux, Gilaad G Kaplan, Hsiu-Ju Chang, Stephanie Coward, Karen J Goodman, Huiping Xu, Karen Madsen, Andrew Mason, Gane Ka-Shu Wong, Juan Jovel, Jordan Patterson, Thomas Louie
Importance: Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is effective in preventing recurrent Clostridium difficile infection (RCDI). However, it is not known whether clinical efficacy differs by route of delivery. Objective: To determine whether FMT by oral capsule is noninferior to colonoscopy delivery in efficacy. Design, Setting, and Participants: Noninferiority, unblinded, randomized trial conducted in 3 academic centers in Alberta, Canada...
November 28, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180243/investigating-error-related-processing-in-incarcerated-adolescents-with-self-report-psychopathy-measures
#17
J Michael Maurer, Vaughn R Steele, Brandi C Fink, Gina M Vincent, Vince D Calhoun, Kent A Kiehl
Disparate results have been found in previous reports when incorporating both interview-based and self-report measures of psychopathic traits within the same sample, suggesting such assessments should not be used interchangeably. We previously found Total and Facet 4 scores from Hare's Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV) were negatively related to amplitude of the error-related positivity (Pe) event-related potential (ERP) component. Here, we investigated using the same previously published sample whether scores on four different self-report measures of adolescent psychopathic traits (the Antisocial Process Screening Device [APSD], Child Psychopathy Scale [CPS], Inventory of Callous and Unemotional Traits [ICU], and Youth Psychopathic Traits Inventory [YPI]) were similarly associated with reduced Pe amplitude...
November 24, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174448/conspecific-hyperparasitism-an-alternative-route-for-borrelia-hermsii-transmission-by-the-tick-ornithodoros-hermsi
#18
Brandi N Williamson, Tom G Schwan
Ixodid and argasid ticks may hyperparasitize other individuals of their own species to acquire a blood meal, however most accounts are based on single observations and the behavior has rarely been studied. While maintaining laboratory colonies of Ornithodoros species, we noticed that unfed ticks occasionally fed on other ticks that were feeding on mice, and unfed ticks parasitized engorged ticks when confined together in tubes. Therefore, we investigated hyperparasitism by Ornithodoros hermsi and the ability of these ticks to acquire and transmit the relapsing fever spirochete Borrelia hermsii when feeding on other ticks...
November 21, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170203/identification-of-a-novel-locus-on-chromosome-2q13-which-predisposes-to-clinical-vertebral-fractures-independently-of-bone-density
#19
Nerea Alonso, Karol Estrada, Omar M E Albagha, Lizbeth Herrera, Sjur Reppe, Ole K Olstad, Kaare M Gautvik, Niamh M Ryan, Kathryn L Evans, Carrie M Nielson, Yi-Hsiang Hsu, Douglas P Kiel, George Markozannes, Evangelia E Ntzani, Evangelos Evangelou, Bjarke Feenstra, Xueping Liu, Mads Melbye, Laura Masi, Maria Luisa Brandi, Philip Riches, Anna Daroszewska, José Manuel Olmos, Carmen Valero, Jesús Castillo, José A Riancho, Lise B Husted, Bente L Langdahl, Matthew A Brown, Emma L Duncan, Stephen Kaptoge, Kay-Tee Khaw, Ricardo Usategui-Martín, Javier Del Pino-Montes, Rogelio González-Sarmiento, Joshua R Lewis, Richard L Prince, Patrizia D'Amelio, Natalia García-Giralt, Xavier Nogués, Simona Mencej-Bedrac, Janja Marc, Orit Wolstein, John A Eisman, Ling Oei, Carolina Medina-Gómez, Katharina E Schraut, Pau Navarro, James F Wilson, Gail Davies, John Starr, Ian Deary, Toshiko Tanaka, Luigi Ferrucci, Fernando Gianfrancesco, Luigi Gennari, Gavin Lucas, Roberto Elosua, André G Uitterlinden, Fernando Rivadeneira, Stuart H Ralston
OBJECTIVES: To identify genetic determinants of susceptibility to clinical vertebral fractures, which is an important complication of osteoporosis. METHODS: Here we conduct a genome-wide association study in 1553 postmenopausal women with clinical vertebral fractures and 4340 controls, with a two-stage replication involving 1028 cases and 3762 controls. Potentially causal variants were identified using expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data from transiliac bone biopsies and bioinformatic studies...
November 23, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169853/colony-formation-in-solid-medium-by-the-relapsing-fever-spirochetes-borrelia-hermsii-and-borrelia-turicatae
#20
Sandra J Raffel, Brandi N Williamson, Tom G Schwan, Frank C Gherardini
Relapsing fever (RF) in North America is caused primarily by the spirochete Borrelia hermsii and is associated with the bite of its tick vector Ornithodoros hermsi. Although this spirochete was known long before the discovery of the Lyme disease (LD) spirochete, Borrelia burgdorferi, basic methods to facilitate the study of B. hermsii have lagged behind. One important technique to expedite the study of the molecular biology and pathogenesis of B. hermsii would be a reliable method to grow and clone these bacteria in solid medium, which we now describe...
November 12, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
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