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Sara Žigon-Branc, Ariana Barlič, Miomir Knežević, Matjaž Jeras, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic
Inflammation plays a major role in progression of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), a disease treated with antagonists of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß). New in vitro testing systems are needed to evaluate efficacies of new anti-inflammatory biological drugs, ideally in a patient-specific manner. To address this need, we studied microspheroids containing 10,000 human osteoarthritic primary chondrocytes (OACs) or chondrogenically differentiated mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), obtained from three donors...
March 14, 2018: Biotechnology Progress
Jun Huang, Hong-Liang Luo, Hua Pan, Cheng Qiu, Teng-Fei Hao, Zheng-Ming Zhu
Colon cancer remains one of the most common digestive system malignancies in the World. This study investigated the possible interaction between RAD51 and minichromosome maintenance proteins (MCMs) in HCT116 cells, which can serve as a model system for forming colon cancer foci. The interaction between RAD51 and MCMs was detected by mass spectrometry. Silenced MCM vectors were transfected into HTC116 cells. The expressions of RAD51 and MCMs were detected using Western blotting. Foci forming and chromatin fraction of RAD51 in HCT116 cells were also analyzed...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Raul-Augustin Mitran, Cristian Matei, Daniela Berger, Laura Băjenaru, Mihaela G Moisescu
Mesoporous silica materials are promising nano-carriers for drug delivery systems. Even though there are many strategies for controlling the drug release kinetics, these must be adapted through trial and error on a case-by-case basis. Here we explore the possibility of tailoring the release kinetics of hydrophilic, water soluble therapeutic agents from mesoporous silica through addition of a hydrophobic excipient, 1-tetradecanol. In vitro drug release experiments performed at 37 °C, in phosphate buffer solution (pH 7...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
Maritza Alejandra Amaya-Castellanos, María Del Carmen Morales-Ruan, Rebeca Uribe-Carvajal, Alejandra Jiménez-Aguilar, Araceli Apolonia Salazar-Coronel, Brenda Martínez-Tapia, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Introducción: Se implementó un modelo de capacitación en orientación alimentaria para la población beneficiaria y el personal operativo del Programa de Abasto Rural (PAR) de Diconsa, el cual es una iniciativa social de ayuda alimentaria que abastece productos básicos y complementarios, además de brindar capacitación en localidades de alta marginación en México. Objetivo: Documentar la utilización de la Metodología de Capacitación Multimedial (MCM) en el desarrollo de un esquema de capacitación sobre orientación alimentaria y su implementación en la población beneficiaria del PAR, a través de la propia estructura operativa del PAR...
March 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
Max E Douglas, Ferdos Abid Ali, Alessandro Costa, John F X Diffley
The initiation of eukaryotic DNA replication occurs in two discrete stages: first, the minichromosome maintenance (MCM) complex assembles as a head-to-head double hexamer that encircles duplex replication origin DNA during G1 phase; then, 'firing factors' convert each double hexamer into two active Cdc45-MCM-GINS helicases (CMG) during S phase. This second stage requires separation of the two origin DNA strands and remodelling of the double hexamer so that each MCM hexamer encircles a single DNA strand. Here we show that the MCM complex, which hydrolyses ATP during double-hexamer formation, remains stably bound to ADP in the double hexamer...
February 28, 2018: Nature
Ying Wu, Yiming Tang, Laisheng Li, Peihong Liu, Xukai Li, Weirui Chen, Ying Xue
HIGHLIGHTS Fe incorporation significantly accelerated the adsorption of CPX on MCM-41.Fe leaching can be ignored when pH was higher than 4.0.pH played an important role in CPX adsorption on Fe-MCM-41.Co-effect of CPX and metal cations on Fe-MCM-41 was investigated. Fe-MCM-41s with various molar ratios of silicon to iron (20, 40, 80, and 160) were prepared to investigate adsorption properties of ciprofloxacin hydrochloride (CPX) in aqueous solutions. Fe-MCM-41s were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), nitrogen adsorption/desorption isotherms, and infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
2018: Frontiers in Chemistry
Zhikun Liu, Jie Li, Jun Chen, Qiaonan Shan, Haojiang Dai, Haiyang Xie, Lin Zhou, Xiao Xu, Shusen Zheng
BACKGROUND: Minichromosome Maintenance family (MCMs), as replication licensing factors, is involved in the pathogenesis of tumors. Here, we investigated the expression of MCMs and their values in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: MCMs were analyzed in 105 samples including normal livers (n = 15), cirrhotic livers (n = 40), HCC (n = 50) using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) (Cohort 1). Significantly up-regulated MCMs were verified in 102 HCC and matched peritumoral livers using PCR (Cohort 2), and the correlations with clinical features and outcomes were determined...
February 20, 2018: BMC Cancer
Justyna Grzybek, Barbara Gil, Wieslaw J Roth, Monika Skoczek, Andrzej Kowalczyk, Lucjan Chmielarz
Two-step preparation of iron and cobalt-containing MCM-56 zeolites has been undertaken to evaluate the influence of their physicochemical properties in the selective catalytic reduction (NH3 -SCR or DeNOx) of NO using NH3 as a reductant. Zeolites were prepared by the selective leaching of the framework cations by concentrated HNO3 solution and NH4 F/HF mixture and consecutively, introduction of Co and Fe heteroatoms, in quantities below 1wt%. Further calcination allowed to obtain highly dispersed active species...
February 12, 2018: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Tatyana B Bekker, Vladimir P Solntsev, Sergey V Rashchenko, Alexander P Yelisseyev, Alexey V Davydov, Alexander A Kragzhda, Alexander E Kokh, Artem B Kuznetsov, SoHyun Park
Crystals of the Mnx Ba12 (BO3 )8-2x F8x phase were grown from a high-temperature solution. This new fluoride borate is built of positively charged [Ba12 (BO3 )6 ]6+ blocks, the so-called "anti-zeolite" pattern. Using X-ray single-crystal diffraction, the bulk atomic arrangement in the centrosymmetric tetragonal unit cell in I4/mcm could be elucidated. Crystals of the (MnF6 )4- group-containing solid solution Mnx Ba12 (BO3 )8-2x F8x are dark brown in color in contrast to the differently colored crystals of (LiF4 )3- group-containing "anti-zeolite" LiBa12 (BO3 )7 F4 (P42 bc)...
February 19, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
Andrew Stirling, Josie Coburn
The purpose of this essay is to critically review the design of methods for ethically robust forms of technology appraisal in the regulation of research and innovation in synthetic biology. It will focus, in particular, on the extent to which cost-benefit analysis offers a basis for informing decisions about which technological pathways to pursue and which to discourage. A further goal is to consider what (if anything) the precautionary principle might offer in enabling better decisions. And this, in turn, raises questions about why mention of precaution can excite accusations of unscientific bias or irrational, "anti-innovation" extremism...
January 2018: Hastings Center Report
Maryam Soltani, Reza Kerachian
In this paper, a new methodology is proposed for the real-time trading of water withdrawal and waste load discharge permits in agricultural areas along the rivers. Total Dissolved Solids (TDS) is chosen as an indicator of river water quality and the TDS load that agricultural water users discharge to the river are controlled by storing a part of return flows in some evaporation ponds. Available surface water withdrawal and waste load discharge permits are determined using a non-linear multi-objective optimization model...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
Saliu Alao Amolegbe, Yui Hirano, Joseph Oluwatope Adebayo, Olusegun George Ademowo, Elizabeth Abidemi Balogun, Joshua Ayoola Obaleye, Antoniana Ursine Krettli, Chengzhong Yu, Shinya Hayami
The use of nanocarriers in drug delivery is a breakeven research and has received a clarion call in biomedicine globally. Herein, two newly nano-biomaterials: MCM-41 encapsulated quinine (MCM-41 ⊃ QN) (1) and 3-phenylpropyl silane functionalized MCM-41 loaded QN (pMCM-41 ⊃ QN) (2) were synthesized and well characterized. 1 and 2 along with our two already reported nano-antimalarial drugs (MCM-41 ⊃ ATS) (3) and 3-aminopropyl silane functionalized MCM-41 contained ATS (aMCM-41 ⊃ ATS) (4) were screened in vitro for their activity against P...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vanka Ravisankar, Gowthamarajan Kuppusamy, Praveen Kumar Simhadri, Uday Krishna Baruah, Veera Venkata Satyanarayana Reddy Karri, Vimal Pandey, Phanithi Prakash Babu
Cerebral malaria (CM) is a fatal neurological complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection that affects children (below five years old) in sub-Saharan Africa and adults in South-East Asia each year having the fatality rate of 10-25%. The survivors of CM also have high risk of long term neurological or cognitive deficits. The objective of the present investigation was to develop optimized nanostructured lipid carriers (NLCs) of artemether (ARM) for enhanced anti-malarial efficacy of ARM.NLCs of ARM were prepared by a combination of high speed homogenization (HSH) and probe sonication techniques...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Microencapsulation
Sang Chai Kim, Bo Sung Kang, Beom-Sik Kim, Young-Min Kim, Jong-Ki Joen, Young-Kwon Park
A mesoporous material, Al-MCM-41, was applied to the catalytic pyrolysis of municipal plastic film waste (MPFW) to produce large amounts of valuable hydrocarbons. Compared to non-catalytic pyrolysis, the catalytic pyrolysis of MPFW over Al-MCM-41 revealed a lower decomposition temperature and activation energy upon thermogravimetric analysis. Heavy aliphatic hydrocarbons, which are the major products of non-catalytic pyrolysis, were cracked into small hydrocarbons and converted efficiently to aromatic hydrocarbons by catalytic pyrolysis over Al-MCM-41...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Marta Falkowska, Daniel T Bowron, Haresh Manyar, Tristan G A Youngs, Christopher Hardacre
Liquids under confinement exhibit different properties compared with their corresponding bulk phases, for example miscibility, phase transitions, and diffusion. The underlying cause is the local ordering of molecules which is usually only studied using pure simulation methods. Herein, we derive experimentally the structure of benzene confined in MCM-41 using total neutron scattering measurements. The study reveals a layering of molecules across a pore, and four concentric cylindrical shells can be distinguished for a pore with the radius of 18 Å...
February 15, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Jianfei Ding, Tianlin Ma, Cuixia Yan, Rong Shao, Wei Xu, Zhi Yun
The H6P2W18O62/MCM-41-SUP was first synthesized using supercritical impregnation as highly efficient catalyst during glycerol conversion reaction. For comparison, the H6P2W18O62/MCM-41 prepared by conventional wet impregnation was also studied. The catalysts were studied using XRD, BET, FTIR, SEM, TEM, pyridine-FTIR, NH3-TPD, TG, ICP and elemental analysis. The characterization results showed that the preparation condition of supercritical carbon dioxide contributed to improve the dispersion of H6P2W18O62 on MCM-41, strengthen the interaction between H6P2W18O62 and MCM-41, increase the thermostability of H6P2W18O62 and enhance the amount of medium and Brønsted acid sites on the catalyst...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
A Silambarasu, A Manikandan, K Balakrishnan, Saravana Kumar Jaganathan, E Manikandan, Jagathrakshakan Sundeep Aanand
Spinel MnFe2O4 nanostructures were synthesized by simple, economical and eco-friendly microwave combustion (MCM) and conventional combustion (CCM) methods using metal nitrates and glycine used as the fuel, instead of toxic inorganic/organic catalyst, template and surfactant. Powder XRD and FT-IR, EDX and SAED results were confirmed the products have a cubic phase spinel structure. EDX and SAED results confirmed purity and high crystallinity without any other secondary phase impurities. HR-SEM and HR-TEM analysis indicate that the MCM and CCM products consist of nano- and microstructures, respectively...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Ching-Yang Kao, Min-Fa Lin, Nhat-Thien Nguyen, Hsiao-Hsin Tsai, Luh-Maan Chang, Po-Han Chen, Chang-Tang Chang
A large amount of calcium fluoride sludge is generated by the semiconductor industry every year. It also requires a high amount of fuel consumption using rotor concentrators and thermal oxidizers to treat VOCs. The mesoporous adsorbent prepared by calcium fluoride sludge was used for VOCs treatment. The semiconductor industry employs HMDS to promote the adhesion of photo-resistant material to oxide(s) due to the formation of silicon dioxide, which blocks porous adsorbents. The adsorption of HMDS (Hexamethyldisiloxane) was tested with mesoporous silica materials synthesized from calcium fluoride (CF-MCM)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Yuling Nie, Tao Lang
AIM: The ATR-interacting protein (ATRIP) is responsible for the recognition of DNA damage-induced structure and regulation of cellular responses to DNA damage and replication stress. The purpose of our study was to identify the underlying mechanism with respect to chromatin loading and phosphorylation of ATRIP in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). METHODS: JeKo cells were used in our study. Differently tagged ATRIP (Myc-, hemaglutinin (HA) or Flag) and minichromosome maintenance (MCM) complex (MCM2, MCM3, MCM5, and MCM6) were transfected into 293T cells...
November 1, 2017: Die Pharmazie
Julia Neitzel, Rachel Nuttall, Christian Sorg
Previous animal research suggests that the spread of pathological agents in Alzheimer's disease (AD) follows the direction of signaling pathways. Specifically, tau pathology has been suggested to propagate in an infection-like mode along axons, from transentorhinal cortices to medial temporal lobe cortices and consequently to other cortical regions, while amyloid-beta (Aβ) pathology seems to spread in an activity-dependent manner among and from isocortical regions into limbic and then subcortical regions. These directed connectivity-based spread models, however, have not been tested directly in AD patients due to the lack of an in vivo method to identify directed connectivity in humans...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
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