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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813188/cannabis-related-problems-and-social-anxiety-the-mediational-role-of-post-event-processing
#1
Anthony H Ecker, Julia D Buckner
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug in the US, and is associated with a range of psychological, social, and physical health-related problems. Individuals who endorse elevated levels of social anxiety are especially at risk for experiencing cannabis-related problems, including cannabis use disorder, despite not using cannabis more often than those with more normative social anxiety. Identification of mechanisms that underlie the relationship between social anxiety and cannabis-related problems may inform treatment and prevention efforts...
August 16, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812274/oxytocin-and-anxiety-disorders
#2
Michael G Gottschalk, Katharina Domschke
In the present chapter, we review the literature focusing on oxytocin (OT)-centered research in anxiety spectrum conditions, comprising separation anxiety disorder, specific phobias, social anxiety disorder (SAD), panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and anxiety-related endophenotypes (e.g., trust behavior, behavioral inhibition, neuroticism, and state/trait anxiety). OT receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms have been implicated in gene-environment interactions with attachment style and childhood maltreatment and to influence clinical outcomes, including SAD intensity and limbic responsiveness...
August 16, 2017: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810489/social-inhibition-and-emotional-distress-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-the-type-d-personality-construct
#3
Ivy Timmermans, Henneke Versteeg, Stefanie Duijndam, Corine Graafmans, Peter Polak, Johan Denollet
We examined the validity of the social inhibition component of Type D, its distinctiveness from negative affectivity, and value regarding emotional distress as measured with the DS14 in 173 coronary artery disease patients. In dimensional analysis, social inhibition and negative affectivity emerged as distinct traits. Analysis of continuous negative affectivity and social inhibition measures showed main effects for several emotional and inhibition markers and an interaction effect for social anxiety. Categorical analysis indicated that Type D patients reported more depression, negative mood, social anxiety, and less positive mood...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810383/the-association-between-stress-resilience-and-emotional-symptoms-in-norwegian-adolescents-from-13-to-18-years-old
#4
Unni K Moksnes, Magdalena Lazarewicz
This study investigated associations between stress, resilience factors, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in a cross-sectional sample of 1183 adolescents 13-18 years old. The results showed a positive significant association between stress and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Personal competence was significantly negatively associated with depression and anxiety, whereas social support was significantly negatively associated with anxiety. Significant interaction effects were found between gender by personal competence and gender by structured style in relation to anxiety, with stronger associations for girls...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809854/in-the-grip-of-worry-cerebral-blood-flow-changes-during-worry-induction-and-reappraisal-in-late-life-generalized-anxiety-disorder
#5
H T Karim, D L Tudorascu, M A Butters, S Walker, H J Aizenstein, C Andreescu
Severe worry includes a complex blend of maladaptive affective and cognitive processes. Contrary to other forms of anxiety, there is no consensus in the field regarding the neural basis of worry. To date, no study has looked at neural patterns associated specifically with in-scanner induction and reappraisal of worry. In this study, we attempt to describe distinct components of the 'neural phenomenology' of worry: induction, maintenance, severity and reappraisal, by using a personalized, in-scanner worry script...
August 15, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809175/the-use-of-data-analytics-to-build-an-australian-context-sensitive-health-informatics-framework-for-consumer-directed-community-aged-care
#6
Andrew Georgiou, Mikaela Jorgensen, Joyce Siette, Johanna I Westbrook
The challenge of providing services that meet the growing needs of an ageing population is one confronted by communities across Australia and internationally. The aim of this study was to: a) undertake semi-structured interviews and focus groups across a sample of service and technical staff to identify the interconnection between communication, information, work practices and performance; and b) carry out a comprehensive review of existing data sources to identify the data linkages required to identify and monitor performance across different dimensions of the quality of aged care spectrum...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805197/family-of-a-person-suffering-from-schizophrenia-in-the-context-of-a-qualitative-approach-to-understanding-the-family-as-a-system
#7
Andrzej Witusik
Qualitative analysis of the family system including a person suffering from schizophrenia is an underestimated research paradigm in modern psychiatry, clinical psychology and psychotherapy. This method is important both from the cognitive point of view and for evaluation of the effectiveness of therapy. AIM: The aim of the study was a qualitative analysis of the therapeutic process in a family whose member is suffering from schizophrenic psychosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study of the process using qualitative research methodology in the paradigm of systemic thinking pointing to the mutual interactions in the family system inducing relapses in the identified patient, with identification of triangulation processes, transgenerational myths inheritance and coalitions formed by the family members...
July 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804508/a-psychology-of-the-human-brain-gut-microbiome-axis
#8
Andrew P Allen, Timothy G Dinan, Gerard Clarke, John F Cryan
In recent years, we have seen increasing research within neuroscience and biopsychology on the interactions between the brain, the gastrointestinal tract, the bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract, and the bidirectional relationship between these systems: the brain-gut-microbiome axis. Although research has demonstrated that the gut microbiota can impact upon cognition and a variety of stress-related behaviours, including those relevant to anxiety and depression, we still do not know how this occurs. A deeper understanding of how psychological development as well as social and cultural factors impact upon the brain-gut-microbiome axis will contextualise the role of the axis in humans and inform psychological interventions that improve health within the brain-gut-microbiome axis...
April 2017: Social and Personality Psychology Compass
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800428/socially-anxious-tendencies-affect-neural-processing-of-gaze-perception
#9
Yuki Tsuji, Sotaro Shimada
The gaze of others is known to be a particularly common cause of social anxiety. In the current study, we measured event-related potentials (ERPs) during gaze perception among people with or without high socially anxious tendencies (HSA). The experimental stimuli were grayscale images of the eye region of a face, showing direct or averted eye gaze (leftward gaze or rightward gaze) or closed eyes. We found that negative ERPs at a right occipito-temporal site (N170) and positive ERPs at the fronto-central region (P2) were evoked by eye gaze stimuli...
August 8, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799655/communicating-earthquake-preparedness-the-influence-of-induced-mood-perceived-risk-and-gain-or-loss-frames-on-homeowners-attitudes-toward-general-precautionary-measures-for-earthquakes
#10
Michèle Marti, Michael Stauffacher, Jörg Matthes, Stefan Wiemer
Despite global efforts to reduce seismic risk, actual preparedness levels remain universally low. Although earthquake-resistant building design is the most efficient way to decrease potential losses, its application is not a legal requirement across all earthquake-prone countries and even if, often not strictly enforced. Risk communication encouraging homeowners to take precautionary measures is therefore an important means to enhance a country's earthquake resilience. Our study illustrates that specific interactions of mood, perceived risk, and frame type significantly affect homeowners' attitudes toward general precautionary measures for earthquakes...
August 11, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799212/excess-psychosocial-burden-in-women-with-diabetes-and-premature-acute-coronary-syndrome
#11
T M Peters, R Pelletier, H Behlouli, A M Rossi, L Pilote
AIM: Diabetes is a stronger risk factor for acute coronary syndrome for women than men. We investigate whether behavioural and psychosocial factors contribute to the disparity in acute coronary syndrome risk and outcomes among women with diabetes relative to women without diabetes and men. METHODS: Among 939 participants in the GENESIS-PRAXY cohort study of premature acute coronary syndrome (age ≤ 55 years), we compared the prevalence of traditional and non-traditional factors by sex and Type 2 diabetes status...
August 11, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798009/preliminary-evaluation-of-a-brief-web-and-mobile-phone-intervention-for-men-with-depression-men-s-positive-coping-strategies-and-associated-depression-resilience-and-work-and-social-functioning
#12
Andrea Susan Fogarty, Judy Proudfoot, Erin Louise Whittle, Janine Clarke, Michael J Player, Helen Christensen, Kay Wilhelm
BACKGROUND: Previous research has identified that men experiencing depression do not always access appropriate health services. Web-based interventions represent an alternative treatment option for men, are effective in reducing anxiety and depression, and have potential for wide dissemination. However, men do not access Web-based programs at the same rate as women. Programs with content explicitly tailored to men's mental health needs are required. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the applicability of Man Central, a new Web and mobile phone intervention for men with depression...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795135/male-and-female-mice-lacking-neuroligin-3-modify-the-behavior-of-their-wild-type-littermates
#13
Shireene Kalbassi, Sven O Bachmann, Ellen Cross, Victoria H Roberton, Stéphane J Baudouin
In most mammals, including humans, the postnatal acquisition of normal social and nonsocial behavior critically depends on interactions with peers. Here we explore the possibility that mixed-group housing of mice carrying a deletion of Nlgn3, a gene associated with autism spectrum disorders, and their wild-type littermates induces changes in each other's behavior. We have found that, when raised together, male Nlgn3 knockout mice and their wild-type littermates displayed deficits in sociability. Moreover, social submission in adult male Nlgn3 knockout mice correlated with an increase in their anxiety...
July 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791521/online-module-for-carrier-screening-in-ashkenazi-jewish-individuals-compared-with-in-person-genetics-education-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Chia Wei Fan, Lysanne Castonguay, Sonja Rummell, Sébastien Lévesque, John J Mitchell, Guillaume Sillon
To increase accessibility to genetics services for low-urgency patients seeking Ashkenazi Jewish (AJ) carrier screening, we designed an interactive computer (IC) module that provides pre-test genetics education and allows genetics professionals to order the test without meeting the patients beforehand. We compared this module with in-person genetic counseling (GC) using a randomized trial. AJ individuals were randomized to undergo genetics education via the IC module (n = 26) or GC (n = 28). We compared post-interventional genetics knowledge, perceived genetic risk, and anxiety between the two groups, after accounting for pre-interventional scores, using ANCOVA...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783942/codeine-precipitating-serotonin-syndrome-in-a-patient-in-therapy-with-antidepressant-and-triptan
#15
Giulia Milano, Werner Maria Natta, Alfredo Bello, Antonietta Martelli, Francesca Mattioli
The serotonin syndrome is a serioius medical condition due due to an intensive stimulation of setonin receptors. It is a rare, but severe, consequence of interaction between serotomimetic agents. This is a report of a 70-year-old woman steadily in therapy with venlafaxine and rizatriptan for migraine and major depressive syndrome. She was admitted to neurology unit for decreased light reflex with miotic pupils, global hyperreflexia, tremor, anxiety, ataxia and incoordination. The patient was diagnosed as a probable case of serotonin syndrome due to a pharmacological interaction between venlafaxine and rizatriptan trigged by opioid intake...
August 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782980/psychometric-properties-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-adolescent-stress-questionnaire-asq-s
#16
Juan F Lima, Rafael Alarcón, Milagros Escobar, F Javier Fernández-Baena, Ángela M Muñoz, María J Blanca
The aim of this study was to develop a Spanish version of the Adolescent Stress Questionnaire and to examine its psychometric properties: factor structure, measurement invariance across samples, reliability, and concurrent validity. Participants consisted of 1,560 Spanish students between 12 and 18 years of age. The results support a structure based on 10 first-order factors (corresponding to stressors on the dimensions Home Life, School Performance, School Attendance, Romantic Relationships, Peer Pressure, Teacher Interaction, Future Uncertainty, School/Leisure Conflict, Financial Pressure, and Emerging Adult Responsibility) and 1 second-order factor that subsumes the first-order factors...
August 7, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777983/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-bipolar-depression-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
Wendy K Marsh, Jessica L Penny, Anthony J Rothschild
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar depression is difficult to treat. Vitamin D supplementation is well tolerated and may improve mood via its neurotransmitter synthesis regulation, nerve growth factor enhancement and antioxidant properties. Vitamin D adjunct reduces unipolar depression, but has not been tried in bipolar depression. METHODS: 18-70yos with DSM IV bipolar depression and Vitamin D deficiency (<30 ng/ml) were randomized in a controlled double blind trial of 5000IU Vitamin D3 po qday supplementation versus placebo for twelve weeks...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775187/a-qualitative-study-of-pregnancy-related-anxiety-among-women-in-tanzania
#18
Melanie King Rosario, Shahirose Sadrudin Premji, Elias Charles Nyanza, Shelley Raffin Bouchal, David Este
OBJECTIVES: To explore and understand the experiences and priorities of pregnant women living with fears and worries related to fetal/infant and maternal health, the birthing process and ability to parent the infant (ie, pregnancy-related anxiety (PRA)) in Mwanza, Tanzania. DESIGN: Descriptive phenomenological approach. SETTING: Two clinics in the Ilemela and Nyamagana districts of Mwanza. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant and postpartum women who obtained high scores on a PRA scale during pregnancy in a larger quantitative study were contacted to participate in an interview (10 women, aged 18-34 years; 3 HIV positive)...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774787/predictors-of-mental-health-services-use-across-the-life-course-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-adults
#19
Amy L Byers, Amy X Lai, Craig Nelson, Kristine Yaffe
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about key factors associated with use of mental health services across the life course. This study determined key socioeconomic, social support, psychiatric, and medical predictors of services use in younger, middle, and older age. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: The sample included 3,708 adults with DSM-IV-based mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders in the Collaborative Psychiatric Epidemiology Surveys. Key predictors of mental health services use for each age group were systematically determined by multivariable models, and exploratory analyses examining potential effect modification by race-ethnicity and sex were assessed by interaction terms...
June 28, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771500/the-association-between-car-accident-fatalities-and-children-s-fears-a-study-in-seven-eu-countries
#20
Viviane Kovess-Masfety, David Sowa, Katherine Keyes, Mathilde Husky, Christophe Fermanian, Adina Bitfoi, Mauro Giovanni Carta, Ceren Koç, Dietmar Goelitz, Sigita Lesinskiene, Zlatka Mihova, Roy Otten, Ondine Pez
Children's fear of a car accident occurring to parents or themselves has been used as a concrete example to illustrate one of the symptoms of anxiety disorders such as separation anxiety and generalized anxiety. However, its usage across countries may be questionable where the prevalence of this specific type of injury differs. This cross-sectional study compares samples from seven diverse European countries (Bulgaria, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Netherlands, Romania, Turkey) to see if an environmental exposure, car accident death rate per 100,000 people (country-wide from WHO data), is associated with children's self-report of car accident fears...
2017: PloS One
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