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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148601/convergent-incremental-and-criterion-related-validity-of-multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescents-fears-of-negative-and-positive-evaluation
#1
Jeremy N Karp, Bridget A Makol, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Danielle E Deros, Justin W Weeks, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescents who experience social anxiety tend to hold fears about negative evaluations (e.g., taunting) and may also hold fears about positive evaluations (e.g., praise from a teacher). The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) scale and Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES) are 2 widely used measures of adults' evaluative concerns. Yet we know little about their psychometric properties when assessing adolescents. In a mixed clinical/community sample of 96 adolescents (66.7% female; M = 14.50 years, SD = 0...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147773/extraperitoneal-sigmoidostomy-a-surgical-approach-with-less-complications-and-better-functions-for-abdominoperineal-resection-of-rectal-cancer
#2
Peng Wang, Jianwei Liang, Haitao Zhou, Zheng Wang, Lei Shi, Zhixiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the safety and function of extraperitoneal sigmoidostomy for patients with rectal cancer who underwent abdominoperineal resection. METHODS: We systematically reviewed records of patients with rectal cancer who underwent abdominoperineal resection and extraperitoneal or intraperitoneal sigmoidostomy from January 2010 to December 2014 at our department. They were grouped into the extraperitoneal (group A) and intraperitoneal sigmoidostomy (group B) groups...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145497/rare-genetic-variants-in-the-endocannabinoid-system-genes-cnr1-and-dagla-are-associated-with-neurological-phenotypes-in-humans
#3
Douglas R Smith, Christine M Stanley, Theodore Foss, Richard G Boles, Kevin McKernan
Rare genetic variants in the core endocannabinoid system genes CNR1, CNR2, DAGLA, MGLL and FAAH were identified in molecular testing data from 6,032 patients with a broad spectrum of neurological disorders. The variants were evaluated for association with phenotypes similar to those observed in the orthologous gene knockouts in mice. Heterozygous rare coding variants in CNR1, which encodes the type 1 cannabinoid receptor (CB1), were found to be significantly associated with pain sensitivity (especially migraine), sleep and memory disorders-alone or in combination with anxiety-compared to a set of controls without such CNR1 variants...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143536/time-for-a-new-zeitgeist-in-perinatal-mental-health
#4
Fiona Judd, Louise Kathryn Newman, Angela A Komiti
Perinatal depression, and to a lesser extent anxiety, has been the focus of interest for perinatal psychiatrists for several decades. Policy and substantial funding has supported this. We argue that it is now time to change this focus and to invest greater funding to support clinical and research effort in 'high-risk' caregivers and their infants. We define high-risk caregivers as those who are likely to have attachment and relationship difficulties with their infant as a result of their own developmental experiences, personality difficulties and/or trauma-related mental disorders, often complicated by substance abuse, depression and anxiety...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136515/associations-between-feelings-of-social-anxiety-and-emotion-perception
#5
Spencer K Lynn, Eric Bui, Susanne S Hoeppner, Emily B O'Day, Sophie A Palitz, Lisa Feldman Barrett, Naomi M Simon
BACKGROUND: Abnormally biased perceptual judgment is a feature of many psychiatric disorders. Thus, individuals with social anxiety disorder are biased to recall or interpret social events negatively. Cognitive behavioral therapy addresses such bias by teaching patients, via verbal instruction, to become aware of and change pathological misjudgment. The present study examined whether targeting verbal instruction to specific decision parameters that influence perceptual judgment may affect changes in anger perception...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136302/the-sociotype-in-dermatology
#6
S E Marron, R Del Moral, J Navarro, S Lamas, P C Marijuan, L Tomas-Aragones
Skin diseases can be the cause of a significant psychosocial burden for those who suffer them. A number of studies have considered issues such as a lower quality of life, increased anxiety, depression, suicidal ideation and other psychological disorders(1-3) . However, adequate means for evaluating social interaction difficulties, diminished social networks, and the impoverished conversational exchanges that affect the wellbeing and mental health of the individual have not been sufficiently developed. This article is protected by copyright...
November 14, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134359/anxiety-depression-and-the-microbiome-a-role-for-gut-peptides
#7
REVIEW
Gilliard Lach, Harriet Schellekens, Timothy G Dinan, John F Cryan
The complex bidirectional communication between the gut and the brain is finely orchestrated by different systems, including the endocrine, immune, autonomic, and enteric nervous systems. Moreover, increasing evidence supports the role of the microbiome and microbiota-derived molecules in regulating such interactions; however, the mechanisms underpinning such effects are only beginning to be resolved. Microbiota-gut peptide interactions are poised to be of great significance in the regulation of gut-brain signaling...
November 13, 2017: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132110/comprehensive-phospholipid-and-sphingomyelin-profiling-of-different-brain-regions-in-mouse-model-of-anxiety-disorder-using-online-two-dimensional-hilic-rp-lc-ms-method
#8
Róbert Berkecz, Ferenc Tömösi, Tímea Körmöczi, Viktor Szegedi, János Horváth, Tamás Janáky
A novel online system including two-dimensional liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry (2D-LC/MS) was developed and applied for comprehensive phospholipid (PL) and sphingomyelin (SM) profiling of dorsal hippocampus (DHPC), ventral (VHPC) and prefrontal cortex (PFC) brain regions in a mouse model of anxiety disorder. In the first dimension, lipid classes were distinguished by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC), while the second dimensional separation of individual PL and SM species was achieved by reversed-phase (RP) chromatography...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132045/bullying-and-social-anxiety-in-chinese-children-moderating-roles-of-trait-resilience-and-psychological-suzhi
#9
Lili Wu, Dajun Zhang, Gang Cheng, Tianqiang Hu
Research examining the relationship between bullying victimization and social anxiety has mainly been conducted in Western countries, and little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. This study explores the correlation between bullying victimization and social anxiety in a Chinese context and determines the moderating roles of psychological suzhi (a mental quality characterized by being steady, essential and implicit that affects adaptive, developmental, and creative behavior) and trait resilience among victims of bullying...
November 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129791/resting-state-networks-mediate-the-effect-of-genotype-by-environment-interaction-on-mental-health
#10
Gennady G Knyazev, Alexander N Savostyanov, Andrey V Bocharov, Daria V Bazovkina, Ekaterina A Proshina
A number of studies have shown that the presence of short (S) allele of the serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region (5-HTTLPR) is associated with a higher risk for depression following exposure to stressful life events. These findings are in line with neuroimaging studies showing that 5-HTTLPR polymorphism has an effect on the connectivity among key areas involved in emotion regulation. Here using mediated moderation analysis, we show that electrophysiological manifestations of resting state networks in the alpha frequency band mediate the effect of 5-HTTLPR by stress interaction on depression/anxiety symptoms in a nonclinical sample...
November 9, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127070/an-early-experience-of-mild-adversity-involving-temporary-denial-of-maternal-contact-affects-the-serotonergic-system-of-adult-male-rats-and-leads-to-a-depressive-like-phenotype-and-inability-to-adapt-to-a-chronic-social-stress
#11
Anastasia Diamantopoulou, Theodora Kalpachidou, Georgios Aspiotis, Ioannis Gampierakis, Fotini Stylianopoulou, Antonios Stamatakis
Adverse early life experiences can affect adaptability to chronic stressors and lead to depressive-like behaviors in animal models. We employed an early experience model in which rat pups during postnatal days 10-13 are exposed to a T-maze in which they learn the location of their mother motivated by the rewarding stimulus of maternal contact; one group of rats receives the expected reward, by being allowed contact with the mother upon finding her, while the other group is temporarily denied this contact (Denied Expected Reward, DER), thus experiencing mild adversity...
November 7, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126857/impact-of-endogenous-progesterone-on-reactivity-to-yohimbine-and-cocaine-cues-in-cocaine-dependent-women
#12
Megan M Moran-Santa Maria, Brian J Sherman, Kathleen T Brady, Nathaniel L Baker, J Madison Hyer, Chantelle Ferland, Aimee L McRae-Clark
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Data from clinical and preclinical models of relapse suggest that progesterone attenuates cocaine-seeking behavior. In a recent study, we found that cocaine-dependent women reported greater subjective responses to cues that were preceded by a stressor than cocaine-dependent men. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of endogenous progesterone on the subjective and endocrine responses to a drug-paired cue that was preceded by a stressor in cocaine-dependent women...
November 7, 2017: Pharmacology, Biochemistry, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126775/lithium-prevents-scopolamine-induced-memory-impairment-in-zebrafish
#13
Rodrigo Zanandrea, Murilo S Abreu, Angelo Piato, Leonardo J G Barcellos, Ana C V V Giacomini
We examined whether lithium carbonate (Li2CO3, 100mg/L) is able to prevent memory impairment induced by scopolamine. Moreover, we evaluated the effects of lithium on anxiety-like behavior and acetylcholinesterase activity in adult zebrafish. We demonstrated that lithium prevents the memory impairment induced by scopolamine, decreases exploration and increases the activity of acetylcholinesterase in zebrafish. Collectively, this contributes to a better understanding of the pharmacology of lithium, its interaction with cholinergic neurotransmission, and its possible application to therapeutic treatments aimed at improving cognition...
November 7, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125781/shyness-and-social-anxiety-assessed-through-self-report-what-are-we-measuring
#14
Christina A Brook, Teena Willoughby
The distinction between shyness and social anxiety remains unclear in the literature. In an attempt to shed further light on this issue, our research evaluated whether shyness and social anxiety were the same construct underlying various measurement scales. Participants (N = 801, Mage = 36.21, range = 18-74, female = 53.10%) responded to 10 questionnaires assessing either shyness or social anxiety. Evidence indicated that the scales were highly correlated and loaded onto 1 factor. Confirmatory factor analysis corroborated this finding...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125397/oxytocin-receptor-genotype-and-low-economic-privilege-reverses-ventral-striatum-social-anxiety-association
#15
Marlen Z Gonzalez, Meghan H Puglia, James P Morris, Jessica J Connelly
Oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms, lower ventral striatum (VS) response to social stimuli, and lower economic privilege have been independently associated with depression and anxiety. However, the interactions between these risk factors are unknown. One hundred and fifty-seven healthy adult participants genotyped for OXTR rs237915 completed a common emotion-matching task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Past economic privilege and depression and anxiety symptoms were concurrently assessed through validated self-report measures...
November 10, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125223/perinatal-nutrition-interacts-with-genetic-background-to-alter-behavior-in-a-parent-of-origin-dependent-manner-in-adult-collaborative-cross-mice
#16
S A Schoenrock, D Oreper, J Farrington, R C McMullan, R Ervin, D R Miller, F Pardo-Manuel de Villena, W Valdar, L M Tarantino
Previous studies in animal models and humans have shown that exposure to nutritional deficiencies in the perinatal period increases the risk of psychiatric disease. Less well understood is how such effects are modulated by the combination of genetic background and parent-of-origin. To explore this, we exposed female mice from 20 Collaborative Cross (CC) strains to either protein deficient, vitamin D deficient, methyl donor enriched or standard diet during the perinatal period. These CC females were then crossed to a male from a different CC strain to produce reciprocal F1 hybrid females comprising 10 distinct genetic backgrounds...
November 10, 2017: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124953/bilingualism-a-human-right-in-times-of-anxiety-lessons-from-california
#17
Gabriela Simon-Cereijido
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights refers to the individual's right of expression without interference, "through any media and regardless of frontiers". Currently, in some nations across the world, there is decreasing interest in cross-cultural interactions and a new interest in nationalism and assimilation, in communication within frontiers and in a specific medium: the national language. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) advocate for individuals with communication disorders that interfere with their comprehension and expression...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124553/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Colette Gramszlo, Nicholas D Fogleman, Paul J Rosen, Janet Woodruff-Borden
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has often been studied in the context of internalizing disorders, but no studies to our knowledge have explored the relation between IU and externalizing disorders. Given the proposed link between IU and emotion regulation, the current study sought to examine levels of IU in an externalizing clinical population with known emotion regulation difficulties-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). IU levels in this population were compared to a clinical population known to experience elevated levels of IU...
November 9, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121505/reduced-reciprocal-giving-in-social-anxiety-evidence-from-the-trust-game
#19
Christine Anderl, Regina Steil, Tim Hahn, Patricia Hitzeroth, Andreas Reif, Sabine Windmann
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Social anxiety is known to impair interpersonal relationships. These impairments are thought to partly arise from difficulties to engage in affiliative interactions with others, such as sharing favors or reciprocating prosocial acts. Here, we examined whether individuals high compared to low in social anxiety differ in giving towards strangers in an economic game paradigm. METHODS: One hundred and twenty seven non-clinical participants who had been pre-screened to be either particularly high or low in social anxiety played an incentivized Trust Game to assess trustful and reciprocal giving towards strangers in addition to providing information on real life interpersonal functioning (perceived social support and attachment style)...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120848/is-the-first-cut-really-the-deepest-frequency-and-recency-of-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-relation-to-psychopathology-and-dysregulation
#20
Melissa J Zielinski, Morgan A Hill, Jennifer C Veilleux
Research on nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) has moved beyond examination of factors that associate with the mere presence or absence of the behavior, and into more nuanced examination of which discrete features of NSSI behavior relate to pathology. This study examined two features of NSSI, frequency of occurrence and recency, as cross-sectional predictors of psychopathology in a large community sample of adults with a history of NSSI (N = 315). Results of 2 × 2 factorial ANOVAs testing the interactive effects of NSSI frequency (clinical, subclinical) and recency (current, past) revealed that current NSSI was consistently associated with poorer emotional and behavioral health (e...
October 22, 2017: Psychiatry Research
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