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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743053/school-staff-members-experience-and-knowledge-in-the-reporting-of-potential-child-and-youth-victimization
#1
Ana M Greco, Georgina Guilera, Noemí Pereda
Victimization has been widely demonstrated to have negative consequences in minors. Most crimes against children go unreported and victims tend to reach adulthood without receiving any of the available specialized support. Studies have highlighted the unique role of school workers in early detection and reporting of possible cases of victimization, and have also found high rates of underreporting by school staff. The present study analyzes the underreporting of child and youth victimization suspicions among school staff and aims to identify variables related to its detection and reporting...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742992/utilizing-secondary-agricultural-education-programs-to-deliver-evidence-based-grain-safety-training-for-young-and-beginning-workers
#2
Yuan-Hsin Cheng, William E Field, Roger L Tormoehlen, Brian F French
Purdue University's Agricultural Safety and Health Program (PUASHP) has collaborated with secondary agricultural education programs, including FFA Chapters, for over 70 years to deliver and promote agricultural safety and health programming. With support from a U.S. Department of Labor Susan Harwood Program grant, PUASHP utilized a Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) process to develop, implement, and evaluate an evidence-based curriculum for use with young and beginning workers, ages 16-20, exposed to hazards associated with grain storage and handling...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742732/educational-colonoscopy-video-enhances-bowel-preparation-quality-and-comprehension-in-an-inner-city-population
#3
Ajish Pillai, Radha Menon, David Oustecky, Asyia Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Quality of bowel preparation and patient knowledge remains a major barrier for completing colorectal cancer screening. Few studies have tested unique ways to impact patient understanding centering on interactive computer programs, pictures, and brochures. Two studies explored instructional videos but focused on patient compliance and anxiety as endpoints. Furthermore, excessive video length and content may limit their impact on a broad patient population. No study so far has studied a video's impact on preparation quality and patient understanding of the colonoscopy procedure...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742103/impact-of-teachers-training-on-hiv-aids-education-program-among-secondary-school-students-in-bangladesh-a-cross-sectional-survey
#4
Haribondhu Sarma, Mohammad Ashraful Islam, Jahidur Rahman Khan, Kamal Ibne Amin Chowdhury, Rukhsana Gazi
BACKGROUND: In 2007, the Government of Bangladesh incorporated a chapter on HIV/AIDS into the national curriculum for an HIV-prevention program for school students. For the efficient dissemination of knowledge, an intervention was designed to train the teachers and equip them to educate on the topic of HIV/AIDS. The present study intended to understand the impact of this intervention by assessing the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours related to HIV/AIDS, among the targeted students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741362/gastroenterology-evolution-of-specialty-choice-in-recent-years
#5
José Curbelo, José-María Galván-Román, Fernando Sánchez-Lasheras, Jose María Romeo, Ana Fernández-Somoano, Tomás Villacampa, Jaime Baladrón
INTRODUCTION: Gastroenterology is one of the medical specialties offered to residency training candidates each year. This project analyzes the data associated with the choice of a Gastroenterology residency program in recent years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data related to specialty selection were obtained from official reports with regard to the allocation of residency places by the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality. Information was collected from various teaching centers via their training guides, the Spanish National Catalogue of Hospitals and the National Transplant Organization...
July 25, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740782/a-population-based-exploration-of-the-social-implications-associated-with-cleft-lip-and-or-palate
#6
Adam D Glener, Alexander C Allori, Ronnie L Shammas, Anna R Carlson, Irene J Pien, Arthur S Aylsworth, Robert Meyer, Luiz Pimenta, Ronald Strauss, Stephanie Watkins, Jeffrey R Marcus
BACKGROUND: Clefts of the lip and/or palate (CL/P) carry a social stigma that often causes psychosocial stress. The purpose of this study was to consider the association of cleft phenotype and age with self-reported aspects of psychosocial stress. METHODS: Children with nonsyndromic CL/P and unaffected children born between 1997 and 2003 were identified through the North Carolina Birth Defects Monitoring Program and North Carolina birth records, respectively. The psychosocial concerns of children with CL/P were assessed via a 29-question subset of a larger survey...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738799/prevalence-of-head-lice-infestation-and-pediculicidal-effect-of-permethrine-shampoo-in-primary-school-girls-in-a-low-income-area-in-southeast-of-iran
#7
Moussa Soleimani-Ahmadi, Seyed Aghil Jaberhashemi, Mehdi Zare, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi
BACKGROUND: Head lice infestation is a common public health problem that is most prevalent in primary school children throughout the world, especially in developing countries including different parts of Iran. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with head lice infestation and pediculicidal effect of 1% permethrin shampoo in primary schools girls of Bashagard County, one of the low socioeconomic areas in southeast of Iran. METHODS: In this interventional study six villages with similar demographical situations were selected and randomly assigned into intervention and control areas...
July 24, 2017: BMC Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737625/a-national-seroepidemiologic-survey-of-pertussis-among-school-children-in-taiwan
#8
Chun-Yi Lu, Hsing-Chen Tsai, Yhu-Chering Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Ching-Chuan Liu, Li-Min Huang
BACKGROUND: In 2009, a booster dose of acellular pertussis vaccine for children at or before entry to elementary school was added to the national immunization program in Taiwan, which includes pertussis vaccination at 2, 4, 6, and 18 months of age. In 2013, a study to assess the level of humoral immunity against pertussis in elementary and junior high school children and adolescents was conducted. METHODS: A multistage stratified systematic sampling method was applied to randomly selected grade 1 to 9 school children for testing...
July 20, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737076/the-communication-skills-and-the-empathic-tendency-levels-of-nursing-students-a-cross-sect%C3%A4-onal-study
#9
Berrin Pazar, Meral Bayram Demiralp, İmren Erer Rn
BACKGROUND: Communication skills are important in every stage of life but even more so when caring for the sick individual. These skills are essential for every member of the healthcare team including nurses and should always be used in every each encounter with the patient. The most basic component of communication skills is the complex and multidimensional skill of empathy. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the communication skills and empathic tendency levels of female nursing students...
July 24, 2017: Contemporary Nurse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736196/serological-and-molecular-epidemiological-outcomes-after-two-decades-of-universal-infant-hepatitis-b-virus-hbv-vaccination-in-nunavut-canada
#10
Chris Huynh, Gerald Y Minuk, Julia Uhanova, Maureen Baikie, Thomas Wong, Carla Osiowy
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection within the Canadian Arctic is considered endemic (>2% prevalence). Within the Arctic region of Nunavut, a vaccination program targeted at newborn infants was initiated approximately 20years ago, along with interim grade school catch-up programs, with the result that individuals born after 1980 are presumed vaccinated. This study investigates the effectiveness of these programs and is the first seroepidemiological survey to determine HBV prevalence in Nunavut in the post-vaccination era...
July 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735606/effects-of-the-self-regulation-empowerment-program-srep-on-middle-school-students-strategic-skills-self-efficacy-and-mathematics-achievement
#11
Timothy J Cleary, Brittany Velardi, Bracha Schnaidman
The current study examined the effectiveness of an applied self-regulated learning intervention (Self-Regulation Empowerment Program (SREP)) relative to an existing, school-based remedial mathematics intervention for improving the motivation, strategic skills, and mathematics achievement of academically at-risk middle school students. Although significant group differences in student self-regulated learning (SRL) were not observed when using self-report questionnaires, medium to large and statistically significant group differences were observed across several contextualized, situation-specific measures of strategic and regulatory thinking...
October 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735455/examining-the-role-of-income-inequality-and-neighborhood-walkability-on-obesity-and-physical-activity-among-low-income-hispanic-adults
#12
Samuel D Towne, Michael L Lopez, Yajuan Li, Matthew Lee Smith, Judith L Warren, Alexandra E Evans, Marcia G Ory
Obesity is a major public health issue affecting rising medical costs and contributing to morbidity and premature mortality. We aimed to identify factors that may play a role in obesity and physical activity at the individual and environmental/neighborhood levels. We analyzed data from an adult sample who were parents of students enrolled in a school-based health and wellness program. The sample was restricted to those who were Hispanic and whose children were on free/reduced lunch (n = 377). Dependent variables: body mass index (BMI); neighborhood walkability...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#13
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
July 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#14
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#15
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731384/current-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-conventional-cigarettes-among-us-high-school-students-in-urban-and-rural-locations-2014-national-youth-tobacco-survey
#16
Melody Noland, Mary Kay Rayens, Amanda T Wiggins, Luz Huntington-Moskos, Emily A Rayens, Tiffany Howard, Ellen J Hahn
PURPOSE: Adolescent tobacco use is higher in rural than in urban areas. While e-cigarette use is increasing rapidly among this age group, differences in prevalence between rural versus urban populations for this relatively novel product have not been explored. The purpose is to investigate whether location of school (rural-urban) is associated with e-cigarette use and dual use (defined as the use of both e-cigarettes and conventional cigarettes) among high school students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey obtained using a stratified, 3-stage cluster sample design...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730914/the-health-economic-studies-of-hpv-vaccination-in-southeast-asian-countries-a-systematic-review
#17
Didik Setiawan, Monika Puri Oktora, Raymond Hutubessy, Arthorn Riewpaiboon, Maarten J Postma
The cervical cancer-related burden is an important problem in Southeast Asian (SEA) countries. However, only 3 out of 11 countries implement the comprehensive prevention program. Areas covered: This is a retrospective review from all relevant studies until 2015 from two main databases, MEDLINE/Pubmed and Embase in order to provide an evidence on the health economics of HPV vaccination in the region. Expert commentary: The implementation of HPV vaccination will generate substantial health and economic benefit in SEA countries since the number of cervical cancer cases in this region are generally high...
July 21, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729787/patterns-of-dental-caries-among-school-children-assessed-using-caries-assessment-spectrum-and-treatment-tool
#18
Hisham El Batawi, Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess and monitor patterns of dental caries among primary and permanent molars using Caries Assessment Spectrum and Treatment (CAST) index and to evaluate integration of CAST tool into patient health information (PHI) system of a Teaching Dental Hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental records of n = 348 children, aged 7-9-years, attending University Dental Hospital Sharjah, for routine checkup and treatment as part of School Dental Program were assessed and translated into CAST codes...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729201/assessing-parents-receptiveness-to-a-vegetable-focussed-in-school-nutrition-intervention
#19
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Iain S Pratt, Shannon Wright, Gael Myers
OBJECTIVE: Crunch&Sip is an Australian school-based initiative designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables, and water among primary school children. To address the significant deficiencies in children's vegetable intake, the present study aimed to examine the responsiveness of parents (the main providers of food for Crunch&Sip) to a modified version of the program that focuses primarily on vegetable consumption. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 Western Australian parents completed an online questionnaire examining their support for a vegetable focus for Crunch&Sip and any perceived barriers, motivators, and facilitators...
July 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729162/effect-of-3basic-life-support-training-programs-in-future-primary-school-teachers-a-quasi-experimental-design
#20
R Navarro-Patón, M Freire-Tellado, S Basanta-Camiño, R Barcala-Furelos, V Arufe-Giraldez, J E Rodriguez-Fernández
AIM: To evaluate the learning of basic life support (BLS) measures on the part of laypersons after 3different teaching programs. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental before-after study involving a non-probabilistic sample without a control group was carried out. SCOPE: Primary school teacher students from the University of Santiago (Spain). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 124 students (68.8% women and 31.2% men) aged 20-39 years (M=22...
July 17, 2017: Medicina Intensiva
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