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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457929/growth-of-the-james-cook-university-medical-program-maintaining-quality-continuing-the-vision-developing-postgraduate-pathways
#1
Tarun Sen Gupta, Peter Johnson, Roy Rasalam, Richard Hays
BACKGROUND: James Cook University (JCU) enrolled its first cohort of 64 in 2000 into a 6-year undergraduate medical program aimed at producing graduates capable of meeting the needs of North Queensland, Australia, with a focus on rural, remote, Indigenous and tropical health. The school's 1465 graduates over 13 cohorts who have a pattern of practice likely to meet the region's health needs. The JCU course was the first new Australian medical program for 25 years. The number of Australian medical schools has since doubled, while enrollments have almost tripled...
February 19, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457336/high-school-biology-students-use-of-visual-molecular-dynamics-as-an-authentic-tool-for-learning-about-modeling-as-a-professional-scientific-practice
#2
Stephen R Burgin, Jennifer Oramous, Michael Kaminski, Linda Stocker, Mahmoud Moradi
Modeling is a practice of science that is underemphasized in biology classrooms in comparison to its central focus in the physical sciences. Visualizations of the submicroscopic world of molecules are becoming increasingly sophisticated with the evolution of new technologies. With this in mind, we introduced high school biology classrooms to a professional molecular modeling software program used by research biochemists to visualize proteins and other macromolecules. Analysis of surveys completed before and after the use of the program revealed significant student gains in their understandings of the nature of models...
February 19, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456780/attitudes-of-jordanian-adolescent-students-toward-overweight-and-obesity
#3
Nesrin N Abu Baker, Nahla Al-Ali, Ranyah Al-Ajlouni
Background: Obesity is a serious public health problem especially among adolescents. Understanding adolescents' attitudes toward obesity and healthy lifestyle is a crucial step to develop effective health programs to treat and prevent obesity. Objectives: To examine the attitudes toward overweight and obesity among Jordanian adolescent students and to identify the components of obesity prevention program that the students perceive as important. Methods: A sample of 1000 students in 8th to 10th grades was randomly selected from 16 schools in Irbid, Jordan...
2018: Open Nursing Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456264/hazardous-chemical-releases-occurring-in-school-settings-14-states-2008-2013
#4
Ayana R Anderson, Taniece R Eure, Maureen F Orr, Lloyd J Kolbe, Alan Woolf
Children are considered to be a vulnerabletion when it comes to exposures to hazardous substances. Schools, where children spend about one third of their day, are expected to be a safe environment. Yet, there are many hazardous substances in schools that can be inadvertently or intentionally released and harm the health of students and teachers alike. The purpose of this analysis is to characterize acute chemical release incidents in school settings and identify prevention practices. The acute chemical incident surveillance programs of the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) captured 24,748 acute chemical release incidents from 14 states that participated during 2008-2013...
November 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455719/community-engagement-and-venue-based-sampling-in-adolescent-male-sexually-transmitted-infection-prevention-research
#5
Mary A Ott, Julianne Campbell, Teresa M Imburgia, Ziyi Yang, Wanzhu Tu, Colette L Auerswald
OBJECTIVES: Middle adolescent males are a difficult group to recruit for community sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention research. We describe a process of community engagement, and venue-based sampling of 14-17-year-old adolescent males, and compare rates of STIs and STI risk behaviors by venue. METHODS: Community engagement consisted of (1) informational meetings with organizations; (2) participation in community meetings and events; (3) hiring community members as study personnel; and (4) an adolescent advisory board recruited from the community...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453589/validity-of-triglyceride-glucose-index-as-an-indicator-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents-the-caspian-v-study
#6
Pooneh Angoorani, Ramin Heshmat, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh, Hasan Ziaodini, Majzoubeh Taheri, Tahereh Aminaee, Azam Goodarzi, Mostafa Qorbani, Roya Kelishadi
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cut-off values of triglycerides and glucose (TyG) index as one of the indirect indices for metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a pediatric population. METHODS: This national study was conducted in 2015 on 14400 students, aged 7-18 years. They were selected by random cluster sampling from 30 provinces of our country during the fifth survey of a national school-based surveillance program. MetS was defined based on the Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) criteria modified for the pediatric age group...
February 16, 2018: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453520/evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-oral-health-services-program-in-school-based-health-centers
#7
Tara Trudnak Fowler, Gregory Matthews, Cydny Black, Hendi Crosby Kowal, Pamella Vodicka, Elizabeth Edgerton
Objectives In 2011, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, within the Health Resources and Services Administration, awarded a 4-year grant to increase access to and assure the delivery of quality oral health preventive and restorative services to children. The grant was awarded to organizations serving high-need communities through school-based health centers (SBHCs). This article describes an independent evaluation investigating program efficacy, integration, and sustainability. Methods Program process and outcomes data were gathered from interim and final reports...
February 16, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453011/emotional-availability-in-mothers-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-mothers-with-remitted-major-depression-is-differently-associated-with-psychopathology-among-school-aged-children
#8
Dorothea Kluczniok, Katja Boedeker, Catherine Hindi Attar, Charlotte Jaite, Anna-Lena Bierbaum, Daniel Fuehrer, Luisa Paetz, Katja Dittrich, Sabine C Herpertz, Romuald Brunner, Sibylle Winter, Andreas Heinz, Stefan Roepke, Christine Heim, Felix Bermpohl
BACKGROUND: Both, maternal borderline personality disorder (BPD) and maternal major depressive disorder (MDD) are often associated with adverse consequences for children, including increased risk for child behavior problems. Reduced maternal emotional availability might play a critical role in transmitting maternal psychopathology on the child. Our aim was to investigate the association between emotional availability and maternal BPD and MDD in remission (rMDD), and if this interrelatedness mediates the association between maternal mental disorders and child behavior problems...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452905/voiding-school-as-a-treatment-for-daytime-incontinence-or-enuresis-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-intervention-by-measuring-changes-in-wetting-episodes
#9
A Saarikoski, R Koppeli, S Taskinen, A Axelin
BACKGROUND: Most urotherapy interventions are planned for children with daytime incontinence or symptoms, and are based on individual education. This study conducted a voiding school (VS) program with groups of 4-6 children with daytime incontinence or enuresis with or without daytime symptoms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this quasi-experimental study with a one-group pretest-posttest design was to assess the effectiveness of the VS intervention for treating children's daytime incontinence or enuresis...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451924/late-effects-awareness-website-for-pediatric-survivors-of-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia
#10
Hillary Klonoff-Cohen, Ana Navarro, Elizabeth A Klonoff
OBJECTIVES: Every day 43 children are newly diagnosed with cancer. Fortunately, almost 90% of these childhood cancer patients will survive. However, 60-90% of these survivors will experience late effects, health problems that occur months or years after treatment has ended. Late effects could occur as a result of the disease, its treatment, and patient-related factors. The two main objectives of this research are to: 1) Examine the existence of all web-based resources for childhood cancer survivors with acute lymphocytic leukemia which focus on medical and psychological aspects of late effects, and 2) Create an innovative website specifically designed to fill this void...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451669/prosodic-parameters-of-reading-in-2nd-to-5th-grade-students
#11
Letícia Corrêa Celeste, Edlaine Souza Pereira, Naira Rúbia Rodrigues Pereira, Luciana Mendonça Alves
Purpose Characterize and compare melodic variation and reading speed and verify their evolution throughout the development of schooling. Methods The reading of 78 Elementary School (2nd to 5th grade) students was analyzed using the Praat program with regards to the parameters of melodic variation (F0) and reading speed (Duration). Statistical measures (mean and standard deviation) were taken and the Student´s t-test was applied at significance level of 5%. Results Melodic variation and reading speed increased as schooling progressed, especially during 5th grade...
2018: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451631/-effects-of-saludarte-program-in-feeding-and-nutrition-components-in-school-children-in-mexico-city
#12
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Lucía Cuevas-Nasu, Luz María Gómez-Acosta, Ma Del Carmen Morales-Ruan, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez Humarán, Mara Nadiezhda Robles-Villaseñor, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of Education in Nutrition and Food Assistance components of the SaludArte program in participant schools during 2013-2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A three cohort comparative study was used, with two type of follow-up panel structures: a complete panel and a continuous time, with a total of consisting on 1620 scholar children from 144 schools. Information on food intake, feeding behaviors, food preservation and hygiene, physical activity (PI) and anthropometry was registered...
November 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451225/quality-of-life-among-adolescents-aged-14-to-18-years-with-beta-thalassemia-major-tm-in-qatar
#13
Abdulqadir J Nashwan, Mohamed A Yassin, Ganga Devi J Babu, Sindhumole L K Nair, Izette L Libo-On, Hothaifah A Hijazi, Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf Soliman
BACKGROUND: Thalassemia is a heterogeneous group of inherited disorders of hemoglobin synthesis. It is a common disease in Mediterranean, Southeast Asia, Indian subcontinent, and Middle East countries, including Qatar. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of life (QOL) among patients aged 14 to 18 years with thalassemia major (TM) in Qatar and correlates their QOL with bio-demographic data of the patients compared to healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured the QOL in adolescents with thalassemia major who were attending ambulatory units in a tertiary hospital in Qatar...
February 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449245/selection-for-family-medicine-residency-training-in-canada-how-consistently-are-the-same-students-ranked-by-different-programs
#14
Keith Wycliffe-Jones, Kent G Hecker, Shirley Schipper, Maureen Topps, Jeanine Robinson, Tasnima Abedin
OBJECTIVE: To examine the consistency of the ranking of Canadian and US medical graduates who applied to Canadian family medicine (FM) residency programs between 2007 and 2013. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. SETTING: Family medicine residency programs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All 17 Canadian medical schools allowed access to their anonymized program rank-order lists of students applying to FM residency programs submitted to the first iteration of the Canadian Resident Matching Service match from 2007 to 2013...
February 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449136/sexual-orientation-discordance-and-nonfatal-suicidal-behaviors-in-u-s-high-school-students
#15
Francis B Annor, Heather B Clayton, Leah K Gilbert, Asha Z Ivey-Stephenson, Shalon M Irving, Corinne David-Ferdon, Laura K Kann
INTRODUCTION: Studies among adults have documented association between sexual orientation discordance and some suicide risk factors. However, studies examining sexual orientation discordance and nonfatal suicidal behaviors in youth are rare. This study examines the association between sexual orientation discordance and suicidal ideation/suicide attempts among a nationally representative sample of U.S. high school students. METHODS: Using sexual identity and sex of sexual contact measures from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (n=6,790), a sexual orientation discordance variable was constructed describing concordance and discordance (agreement and disagreement, respectively, between sexual identity and sex of sexual contacts)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449135/effects-of-before-school-physical-activity-on-obesity-prevention-and-wellness
#16
Rachel C Whooten, Meghan E Perkins, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
INTRODUCTION: The effects of Build Our Kids Success-a 12-week, 1-hour before-school physical activity program-on BMI and social-emotional wellness among kindergarten to eighth grade students was examined. STUDY DESIGN: This was a nonrandomized trial. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Participants were from 24 schools in Massachusetts; there were 707 children from kindergarten to eighth grade. INTERVENTION: Children registered for Build Our Kids Success in 2015-2016 participated in a 2 days/week or 3 days/week program...
February 9, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448929/cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-a-school-based-dental-caries-prevention-program-using-fluoridated-milk-in-bangkok-thailand
#17
Rodrigo Mariño, Fernando Traub, Puangtong Lekfuangfu, Kornkamol Niyomsilp
BACKGROUND: This study modelled the cost-effectiveness, from a societal perspective, of a program that used fluoridated milk to prevent dental caries in children who were 6 years old at the beginning of the program, versus non-intervention, after 6 years. METHODS: After 6 years, children in the milk-fluoridation program had a significant (34%) reduction in dental caries experience compared to those in the comparison community (i.e., received school milk without added fluoride) (DMFS: 1...
February 15, 2018: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448878/a-method-for-preventive-intervention-regarding-temporomandibular-pain-and-dysfunction
#18
Saghafi Ellie, Mejersjö Christina
OBJECTIVE: Adolescent girls frequently suffer from temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms and associated headache. A program aimed at informing about risk behavior for TMD symptoms, how to influence harmful habits and about general relaxation was tested. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty girls at two high schools, 16 years of age, with or without symptoms, were invited to the health information on two occasions and 60 girls participated. Firstly, a questionnaire regarding symptoms and oral parafunctional habits was administrated...
February 15, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447633/modernizing-dermatology-interest-groups-in-medical-school-certificate-programs
#19
Jordan V Wang, Dorota Z Korta, Matthew Keller
This commentary addresses the increasingly competitive nature of applying to dermatology residency programs and how both interest groups in medical schools and their dermatology departments can help to better prepare applicants. As previous literature argued that dermatology has been underemphasized in medical school curricula, we propose five fundamental options that interest groups can implement in order to offer increased exposure to our field in medical training. Furthermore, with therecent trend of many schools conferring certificates in various specialized concentrations, we also discuss interest groups pioneering certificate-grantingprograms in dermatology competency...
November 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447271/parents-knowledge-beliefs-and-acceptance-of-the-hpv-vaccination-in-relation-to-their-socio-demographics-and-religious-beliefs-a-cross-sectional-study-in-thailand
#20
Maria Grandahl, Seung Chun Paek, Siriwan Grisurapong, Penchan Sherer, Tanja Tydén, Pranee Lundberg
Thailand has one of the world's highest prevalence of cervical cancer, mainly caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). HPV infections can successfully be prevented by vaccination, which is available at a cost but not yet implemented in the national vaccination program. Parents play a critical role in deciding whether to vaccinate their child against HPV. Thus, the aim was to examine the association between parents' knowledge, beliefs, and acceptance of the HPV vaccination for their daughters, considering their socio-demographics and religious beliefs...
2018: PloS One
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