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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031191/the-effectiveness-of-a-head-heart-hands-model-for-natural-and-environmental-science-learning-in-urban-schools
#1
Radha Jagannathan, Michael J Camasso, Maia Delacalle
We describe an environmental and natural science program called Nurture thru Nature (NtN) that seeks to improve mathematics and science performance of students in disadvantaged communities, and to increase student interest in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) careers. The program draws conceptual guidance from the Head-Heart-Hands model that informs the current educational movement to foster environmental understanding and sustainability. Employing an experimental design and data from seven cohorts of students, we find some promising, albeit preliminary, indications that the program can increase students' science knowledge and grades in mathematics, science and language arts...
September 18, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028564/assessing-police-officers-attitudes-and-legal-knowledge-on-behaviors-that-impact-hiv-transmission-among-people-who-inject-drugs
#2
Javier A Cepeda, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jaime Arredondo, Maria L Mittal, Teresita Rocha, Mario Morales, Erika Clairgue, Eliane Bustamante, Daniela Abramovitz, Irina Artamonova, Arnulfo Bañuelos, Thomas Kerr, Carlos L Magis-Rodriguez, Leo Beletsky
BACKGROUND: Policing practices such as syringe confiscation and arrest can act as important social-structural drivers of HIV risk among people who inject drugs (PWID). However, police referral to treatment and other services may improve the health of PWID. Little is known about the role of modifiable attitudinal and knowledge factors in shaping officer behavior. Using baseline findings from a police education program (PEP), we assessed relationships between drug policy knowledge and attitudes towards public health interventions with self-reported syringe confiscation, drug arrest, and service referral among street-level police in Tijuana, Mexico...
October 10, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028557/understanding-the-association-between-stunting-and-child-development-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-next-steps-for-research-and-intervention
#3
REVIEW
Jessica M Perkins, Rockli Kim, Aditi Krishna, Mark McGovern, Victor M Aguayo, S V Subramanian
Stunting, caused by experiences of chronic nutritional deprivation, affects approximately 25% of children under age five globally (i.e., 156 million children). In this review, evidence of a relationship between stunting and child development in low- and middle-income countries is summarized, and issues for further research are discussed. We focus on studies that measured low height-for-age among children less than 5 years old as the exposure and gross/fine motor skills, psychosocial competencies, cognitive abilities, or schooling and learning milestones as the outcomes...
September 22, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028536/attitudes-mediate-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-corporal-punishment-in-china
#4
Fang Wang, Meifang Wang, Xiaopei Xing
This research aimed to examine the intergenerational transmission of corporal punishment and the role of parents' attitudes toward corporal punishment in the transmission processes in Chinese societies. Based on social-cognitive theory, it was hypothesized that parents' attitudes toward corporal punishment would mediate the transmission of corporal punishment. Seven hundred and eighty-five fathers and eight hundred and eleven mothers with elementary school-age children (data collected in winter 2009) were recruited through convenience sampling techniques...
October 10, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026844/an-interprofessional-collaboration-between-medicine-and-pharmacy-schools-designing-and-evaluating-a-teaching-program-on-practical-prescribing
#5
Mohammad Reza Javadi, Mina Khezrian, Anahita Sadeghi, Seyed Hossein Hajimiri, Kaveh Eslami
OBJECTIVE: Medical students need proper education in drug prescription. The aim of the present study is to introduce a course that improves the students' prescribing skills and also promotes an interprofessional collaboration between medicine and pharmacy schools. METHODS: This study was done in a skill laboratory at the pharmacotherapy department of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. The course was an 18-h interactive workshop in 3 days under the supervision of clinical pharmacists...
July 2017: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026812/medical-student-perception-of-plastic-surgery-and-the-impact-of-mainstream-media
#6
S J Fraser, S Al Youha, P J Rasmussen, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery as a discipline is poorly understood by many, including primary care physicians, nurses, medical students, and the public. These misconceptions affect the specialty in a number of ways, including referral patterns and recruitment of medical students into residency programs. The reason for these commonly held misconceptions has not yet been addressed in the plastic surgery literature. As such, we assessed medical students' knowledge and perceptions of plastic surgery as a discipline and explored factors influencing these opinions...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026758/impact-of-school-health-education-program-on-personal-hygiene-among-school-children-of-lucknow-district
#7
Ruby Khatoon, Beena Sachan, Mohsin Ali Khan, J P Srivastava
BACKGROUND: Personal hygiene plays a major role to promote healthy life. This study was performed to assess the current level of knowledge and practicing behavior in regard to hand washing, bathing, tooth brushing, and taking care of nail and hair. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 800 students of Lucknow district. All the students were interviewed with a structured questionnaire (pretest). A visual display of good and bad personal hygiene was shown on projector and explained the benefits of good personal hygiene behavior...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026747/acanthosis-nigricans-a-screening-test-for-insulin-resistance-an-important-risk-factor-for-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#8
Meera Bhagyanathan, Deepak Dhayanithy, Vijayan Ampaya Parambath, R Bijayraj
BACKGROUND: Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is one of the signs suggestive of high insulin resistance (IR). IR is one of the mechanisms involved in pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus type-2 (DM Type-2). Thus, early detection of IR in children may allow us time to intervene well before the development of DM Type-2. In this study, 62% of children having AN had high IR. In children having both, AN and high body mass index (BMI), the incidence of IR was about 80%. This suggests that these easily detectable parameters alone can be useful in screening children at high risk of developing DM Type-2 in future...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026746/effectiveness-of-first-aid-training-on-school-students-in-singur-block-of-hooghly-district-west-bengal
#9
Lina Bandyopadhyay, M Manjula, Bobby Paul, Aparajita Dasgupta
OBJECTIVE: First aid is the helping behavior and initial care provided for an acute illness or injury. Students have the potential for changing the health scenario of the society if properly groomed and educated. The objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of educational intervention on the first aid among middle school students of a rural school in West Bengal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 230, 6(th) and 7(th) standard students were given a self-administered questionnaire for assessing their baseline knowledge about management of common injuries followed by educational intervention with a systematically devised teaching module during February to March 2016...
January 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026694/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-school-children-s-caries-studies-in-gulf-cooperation-council-states
#10
REVIEW
Wafa Alayyan, Manal Al Halabi, Iyad Hussein, Amar Khamis, Mawlood Kowash
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence and severity of dental caries school children in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) area, to help the development of systematic approaches for preventive oral care programs in the GCC states and to provide sound information for oral health promotion and public health care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive search to identify both published and unpublished articles concerning relevant studies of dental caries in children aged 6-16 years for their permanent teeth published from 1992 to 2016 with no language and time limit was performed...
September 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026505/indicator-for-success-of-obesity-reduction-programs-in-adolescents-body-composition-or-body-mass-index-evaluating-a-school-based-health-promotion-project-after-12-weeks-of-intervention
#11
Naser Kalantari, Nastaran Keshavarz Mohammadi, Shahram Rafieifar, Hassan Eini-Zinab, Atefeh Aminifard, Hanieh Malmir, Narjes Ashoori, Sheyda Abdi, Maryam Gholamalizadeh, Saeid Doaei
BACKGROUND: Obesity in adolescence is the strongest risk factor for obesity in adulthood. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention on different anthropometric indices in 12-16-year-old boy adolescents after 12 Weeks of Intervention. METHODS: A total of 96 male adolescents from two schools participated in this study. The schools were randomly assigned to intervention (53 students) and control school (43 students). Height and weight of students were measured and their body mass index (BMI) was calculated...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026450/incorporating-child-maltreatment-training-into-medical-school-curricula
#12
Heather L Pelletier, Michele Knox
The Child Advocacy Studies Training (CAST) program has been implemented at the graduate and undergraduate levels, but has not been incorporated in medical school training. This study examines the efficacy of a modified version of the CAST program that is tailored to meet the educational needs of medical students. A total sample of 75 first year medical students (57 at 6 month follow-up) participated in the study and completed analogue vignettes depicting cases of maltreatment. It was hypothesized that, relative to the comparison group, students who completed CAST training would demonstrate better accuracy at identifying and reporting maltreatment...
2017: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026060/unmet-needs-in-health-training-among-nurses-in-rural-chinese-township-health-centers-a-cross-sectional-hospital-based-study
#13
Yan Mo, Guijie Hu, Yanhua Yi, Yanping Ying, Huiqiao Huang, Zhongxian Huang, Jiafeng Lin
Purpose: Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is important in Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have involved in the health training status and needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses in great transformations of health policy. This study is to explore the current health training status and to ascertain needs perceived by nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs). Methods: A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted to 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous region, China from March 2014 to August 2014...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#14
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025501/promoting-the-well-being-of-urban-youth-through-drama-based-peer-education
#15
He Len Chung, André Monday, Alexus Perry
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine youths' perceptions of a drama-based peer education approach to promote adolescent well-being. METHODS: High school students facilitated workshops on one of 7 topics (eg, dating violence) for 4733 urban elementary, middle, and high school students. Audience members' perceptions of workshop content and implementation were examined. RESULTS: Analyses suggest that the peer-led workshops addressed important problems for youth in the community, were an effective way to deliver information about the topics to children and teens, and helped audience members to learn more about the topics and how to make responsible decisions...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025496/the-perceived-impact-of-i-am-moving-i-am-learning-on-physical-activity-and-family-involvement-a-preliminary-investigation
#16
Ishonté Allar, Emily Jones, Eloise Elliott, Alfgeir Kristjansson, Andrea Taliaferro, Michael Mann, Sean Bulger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived impact of I am Moving, I am Learning (IMIL) on physical activity (PA) levels, along with family and community involvement in a Head Start program in Illinois. METHODS: Employing qualitative methods, data were collected via a parent/caregiver survey and program staff focus groups in Rock Island, Illinois. RESULTS: IMIL was perceived to have made an impact in several areas including knowledge, health-related behaviors, and supportive school and home environments...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025302/medical-student-healthcare-consulting-groups-a-novel-way-to-train-the-next-generation-of-physician-executives
#17
Esther Y Hsiang, Andrew G Breithaupt, Peiyi Su, Andrew T Rogers, Niv Milbar, Sanjay V Desai
Meeting the challenges of the evolving healthcare environment requires leadership of physicians well-trained in clinical medicine and healthcare management. However, many physicians lack training in business and leadership. While some residency programs have management tracks, training at the medical school level is currently lacking. We developed the Hopkins Health Management Advisory Group, an extracurricular program at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine that exposes medical students to healthcare management and fosters development of leadership skills...
October 12, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023840/associations-between-peer-harassment-and-school-risk-and-protection-profiles
#18
Kari M Gloppen, Amy L Gower, Barbara J McMorris, Marla E Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Peer harassment can have serious implications for students' success and well-being, and prevention programs need to consider the school context. This study aimed to: (1) identify groups of similar schools based on their risk and protective factors and demographic characteristics and (2) examine associations between school profiles and students' bullying involvement. METHODS: Data came from 505 schools and 122,106 students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023836/impact-of-nfl-play-60-programming-on-elementary-school-children-s-body-mass-index-and-aerobic-capacity-the-nfl-play-60-fitnessgram-partnership-project
#19
Pedro F Saint-Maurice, Yang Bai, Gregory J Welk, Lorraine N Bandelli, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Norma Candelaria
BACKGROUND: We examined the impact of the Fuel Up to Play 60 (FUTP60) program on children's body mass index (BMI) and aerobic capacity (AC). METHODS: Participation in the FUTP60 and both BMI and AC profiles were collected through the NFL PLAY 60 FitnessGram Partnership Project involving over 100 schools from 22 US states. We specifically examined the distributions of BMI and AC among participating versus nonparticipating schools in the 2012-2013 school year. Hierarchical linear models tested the impact of participation and availability of additional funding for program implementation on the proportions of youth meeting FitnessGram health-related fitness standards (ie, Needs Improvement-Health Risk [NIHR] and Healthy Fitness Zone [HFZ] categories)...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023834/mixed-methods-evaluation-of-a-healthy-exercise-eating-and-lifestyle-program-for-primary-schools
#20
Thomas Cochrane, Rachel C Davey
BACKGROUND: Reversing decline in physical fitness and increase in excess body weight in school children are considered major public health challenges. We evaluated a proposed model to integrate a screening and healthy exercise, eating, and lifestyle program (HEELP) into primary schools in Canberra, Australia. Objectives were: (1) to establish body status and physical competencies of 5- to 10-year-old children; (2) to evaluate the service's impact on body status and physical fitness; and (3) to gauge parent/guardian and school perspectives on the service...
November 2017: Journal of School Health
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