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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904539/the-effect-of-renal-transplantation-on-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#1
Sasan Tavana, Samaneh Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of musculoskeletal and respiratory involvement in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is attributed to protein calorie imbalance that is caused by the disease process, and hemodialysis and is generally referred to as uremic myopathy. This results in calcification of respiratory muscles such as diaphragm and intercostal muscles. There are limited data about respiratory muscle strength in patients with CKD. We intended to evaluate the effect of kidney transplantation on respiratory muscles strength in patients with CKD...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847015/determining-the-lymphadenopathy-characteristics-of-the-mediastinum-in-lung-ct-scan-of-children-with-tuberculosis
#2
Payam Mehrian, Amin Momeni Moghaddam, Elham Tavakkol, Afshin Amini, Mehrdad Moghimi, Ali Kabir, Aliakbar Velayati
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: Most tuberculosis cases in children are primary infection, with difficult and imprecise diagnosis mainly based on the existence of mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Here, we investigated the characteristics of mediastinal lymphadenopathy in lung computed tomography (CT) scans of children with tuberculosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 75 children with tuberculosis referred to Masih Daneshvari Hospital in Tehran, Iran, from 2009 to 2013...
September 2016: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795800/-diffuse-and-calcified-nodular-opacities
#3
Hasna Jabri, Régis Gothard Bopaka, Nawal Lakhdar, Houda Moubachir, Wiam El Khattabi, Hicham Afif
Pulmonary adenocarcinoma is difficult to identify right away with respect to anamnestic and even to radiological data. We here report the case of a woman with dyspnea. Radiological examination showed disseminated micronodular opacity confluent in both lung fields with calcifications in certain locations. Histological examination of transbronchial biopsies allowed the diagnosis. The prognosis was poor with the death of the patient.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788055/diagnosis-and-implications-of-mycobacterium-bovis-infection-in-banded-mongooses-mungos-mungo-in-the-kruger-national-park-south-africa
#4
Angela C Brüns, Manfred Tanner, Mark C Williams, Louise Botha, Amanda O'Brien, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Paul D Van Helden, John Clarke, Anita L Michel
Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) was first diagnosed in the Kruger National Park (KNP) in 1990. Research has since focused on the maintenance host, the African buffalo ( Syncerus caffer ) and clinically affected lion ( Panthera leo ). However, little is known about the role of small predators in tuberculosis epidemiology. During 2011-12, we screened banded mongooses ( Mungos mungo ) in the bTB high-prevalence zone of the KNP for Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex members. Fecal swabs, tracheal swabs, and tracheal lavages of 76 banded mongooses caught in cage traps within a 2-km radius of Skukuza Rest Camp were submitted for Mycobacterium culture, isolation, and species identification...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Wildlife Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776948/-what-place-for-the-thoracostomy-thoracmyoplasty-in-the-management-of-the-chronic-pleural-empyema
#5
M Lakranbi, S Rabiou, L Belliraj, I Issoufou, F Z Ammor, J Ghalimi, Y Ouadnouni, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: The occurrence of empyema after pneumonectomy or in suites with chronic pleural pocket is a dreaded complication. The management is long and difficult. The authors report their experience before this complication including infection control by an emptying of the pleural pocket percutaneous drainage or thoracostomy which will be complemented by a thoracomyoplasty the aim to erase the pleural pocket. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study conducted between 2009 and 2015 concerning the records of 9 patients treated for empyema or in the aftermath of a lung resection or as part of a chronic pleural pocket and calcific...
October 21, 2016: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766197/uremic-lung-the-calcified-cauliflower-sign-in-the-end-stage-renal-disease
#6
Giuseppe Dilorenzo, Michele Telegrafo, Giuseppe Marano, Michele De Ceglie, Amato Antonio Stabile Ianora, Giuseppe Angelelli, Marco Moschetta
Metastatic pulmonary calcification (MPC) is a rare pathological condition consisting of lung calcium salt deposits which commonly occurs in patients affected by chronic kidney disease probably for some abnormalities in calcium and phosphate metabolism. CT represents the technique of choice for detecting MPC findings including ground glass opacities and partially calcified nodules or consolidations. We present a case of MCP in a patient affected by hepato-renal autosomic-dominant polycystic disease; chest CT revealed extensive lobar-segmental parenchymal calcification with a peculiar cauliflower shape which we called "calcified cauliflower" sign...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752018/severe-metastatic-calcifications-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#7
Jannet Labidi, Yosra Ben Ariba, Abdelkader Ben Gabsia, Faida Ajili, Riadh Battikh, Bassem Louzir, Nadia Ben Abdelhafidh, Saleh I Othman
Tissue calcification is a common complication in patients on continuous hemodialysis (HD) for chronic renal failure; however, severe calcification is unusual. Three distinct clinical types of extraosseous calcifications are found in uremic patients: vascular calcification, periarticular (tumoral) calcification, and visceral calcification (heart, lung, and kidney). We report a case of a young chronic HD patient who presented with extensive metastatic calcifi cations both vascular, visceral specially localized in the lungs, and periarticular with progressively increasing multiple subcutaneous swellings...
September 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741976/coronary-artery-calcification
#8
REVIEW
Kazuhiro Osawa, Rine Nakanishi, Matthew Budoff
Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is an established marker of subclinical atherosclerosis and an independent predictor of future coronary heart disease in the asymptomatic primary prevention population, particularly in the intermediate risk cohort. CAC also helps in reclassifying those patients and their risk of cardiovascular events into higher or lower risk categories. MESA (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis) is a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored population-based medical research study involving 6,814 men and women from 6 U...
September 2016: Global Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708233/advanced-lung-adenocarcinomas-with-ros1-rearrangement-frequently-show-hepatoid-cell
#9
Jing Zhao, Jing Zheng, Mei Kong, Jianya Zhou, Wei Ding, Jianying Zhou
Defining distinctive histologic characteristics of ROS1-rearranged non-small-cell lung carcinomas (NSCLCs) may help identify cases that merit molecular testing. However, the majority of previous reports have focused on surgical specimens but only limited studies assessed histomorphology of advanced NSCLCs. In order to identify the clinical and histological characteristics of ROS1-rearranged advanced NSCLCs, we examined five hundred sixteen Chinese patients with advanced NSCLCs using ROS1 fluorescence in situ hybridization and real-time polymerase chain reaction and then analyzed for clinical and pathological features...
September 30, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688986/pulmonary-alveolar-microlithiasis-stone-lungs-a-case-of-clinico-radiological-dissociation
#10
Andrew Chu, Sameer Shaharyar, Binna Chokshi, Nikhil Bhardwaj
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis (PAM) is a rare infiltrative lung disease characterized by deposition of spherical calcium phosphate microliths called calcospherites within the alveoli. PAM was first described by Friedrich in 1856 and then by Harbitz in 1918. The disease pathogenesis is based on mutations in the SLC34A2 gene that encodes for the Type IIb sodium-phosphate cotransporter. The majority of the patients are diagnosed at an early age, usually between the ages of 20 and 40 years. The hallmark of this disease is a striking dissociation between the radiological findings and the mild clinical symptoms...
August 24, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679432/malignant-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-in-the-paraspinal-region-mimicking-a-benign-peripheral-nerve-sheath-tumor-a-case-report
#11
Weibo Pan, Bin Feng, Zhan Wang, Nong Lin, Zhaoming Ye
PURPOSE: Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are extremely rare in the general population and display a predilection for metastasis to the lungs. Here, we present a rare case of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor located in the paraspinal region and highlight the importance of preoperative biopsy in diagnosis of spinal epidural peripheral nerve sheath tumors. METHODS: We describe the clinical course of the patient as well as the radiological and pathological findings of the tumor...
September 27, 2016: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673549/echinococcosis-unexpected-occurrence-and-the-diagnostic-contribution-of-routine-histopathology
#12
Jerome B Taxy, William E Gibson, Michael W Kaufman
Echinococcus is the smallest of the major tapeworms. Humans are incidental hosts who become infected by exposure to soil contaminated with ova from the feces of the canine definitive hosts. The major species are E. granulosus (cystic echinococcosis) and E. multilocularis (alveolar or sylvatic echinococcosis), both common worldwide but unusual and not reportable in the United States. Human disease is characterized by slowly growing visceral cystic masses often containing daughter cysts and hydatid sand. In nonendemic areas, the clinical evaluation includes imaging, serology, and surgery; metastatic tumor is a major consideration...
September 26, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660745/pulmonary-microlithiasis-a-case-report
#13
Khalid Mahmood, Muhammad Ubaid, Aamer Mahmood
Pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis is a rare diffuse lung disease characterized by widespread sand-like intra-alveolar calcifications (calcospherites composed of calcium and phosphorus). Around 800 cases have been reported in the literature to date. We report here a case of a 35 years old female with prolonged h/o of exertional dyspnoea and mild cough. Clinical examination was mostly normal. Her Chest X-Ray revealed bilateral multiple nodular opacities (sand storm appearance). CT Scan chest showed diffuse micronodular calcifications with septal thickening, compatible with alveolar microlithiasis...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651742/laxative-related-primary-hyperphosphatemic-tumoral-calcinosis-identified-by-bone-scintigraphy
#14
Marcus Asokendaran, Nat Patrick Lenzo
We describe a case of a 40-year-old female patient presenting with tumor calcinosis where hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy (HPOA) was suspected given her extensive history of malignancy. Plain X-rays did not show reveal the typical periarticular calcification but did show appearances consistent with HPOA. Bone scintigraphy with (99m)Tc-methylene diphosphonate (MDP) is a sensitive investigation in the detection of hypertrophic osteoarthopathy but did not show findings characteristics of HPOA like bilateral symmetrical increased uptake of the radiopharmaceutical along the cortical margins of the long bones...
September 2016: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623274/initial-experience-of-robotic-sleeve-resection-for-lung-cancer-patients
#15
Xufeng Pan, Chang Gu, Rui Wang, Heng Zhao, Jianxin Shi, Haiquan Chen
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the technical aspects and short-term results of robotic sleeve resection for lung cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive cases of robotic sleeve resection from September 2014 to September 2015 were reviewed. RESULTS: There were 17 single sleeve resection (bronchial) and 4 double sleeve resection (bronchial and vascular) cases. Nineteen of 21 cases (90.5%) achieved R0 resection...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622520/pseudoxanthoma-elasticum-also-a-lung-disease-the-respiratory-affection-of-patients-with-pseudoxanthoma-elasticum
#16
Simon Pingel, Sebastian Gorgonius Passon, Kristin Solveig Pausewang, Anna Katharina Blatzheim, Carmen Pizarro, Izabela Tuleta, Martin Gliem, Peter Charbel Issa, Nadjib Schahab, Georg Nickenig, Dirk Skowasch, Christian Alexander Schaefer
BACKGROUND: Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an autosomal-recessive mineralisation disorder caused by loss of function mutations in the ABCC6 Gen. Histological findings and data of an autopsy of a PXE-patient suggest a possible pulmonal calcification. So far, there exists no clinical data whether PXE patients actually are at high risk of developing pulmonary disorder. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 35 PXE patients and 15 healthy controls underwent a pulmonary function testing, including spirometry, body plethysmography and carbon monoxide diffusing test...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621885/a-reverse-direction-technique-of-single-port-left-upper-pulmonary-resection
#17
Min Zhang, Alan D L Sihoe, Ming Du
BACKGROUND: Single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) left upper lobectomy is difficult amongst all the lobes. At the beginning of single-port lobectomies, the upper lobes were believed not to be amenable for single-port approach due to the difficult angulation for staplers. Gonzalez reported the first single-port VATS left upper lobectomy in 2011. METHODS: We report a new technique of single-port VATS left upper lobectomy with the concept of "reverse direction"...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610135/endobronchial-carcinoid-tumour-with-extensive-ossification-an-unusual-case-presentation
#18
Allison Osmond, Emily Filter, Mariamma Joseph, Richard Inculet, Keith Kwan, David McCormack
Carcinoid tumour is a well-known primary endobronchial lung neoplasm. Although calcifications may be seen in up to 30% of pulmonary carcinoid tumours, near complete ossification of these tumours is an unusual finding. Such lesions can prove diagnostically challenging at the time of intraoperative frozen section as the latter technique requires thin sectioning of the lesion for microscopic assessment. We present an unusual case of endobronchial carcinoid tumour with extensive ossification in a 45-year-old male...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589035/isonicotinohydrazones-as-inhibitors-of-alkaline-phosphatase-and-ecto-5-nucleotidase
#19
Pervaiz Ali Channar, Syed Jawad Ali Shah, Sidra Hassan, Zaib Un Nisa, Joanna Lecka, Jean Sévigny, Jürgen Bajorath, Aamer Saeed, Jamshed Iqbal
A series of isonicotinohydrazides derivatives were synthesized and tested against recombinant human and rat ecto-5'-nucleotidases (h-e5'NT & r-e5'NT) and alkaline phosphatase isozymes including both bovine tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase (b-TNAP) and tissue specific calf intestinal alkaline phosphatase (c-IAP). These enzymes are implicated in vascular calcifications, hypophosphatasia, solid tumors and cancers, such as colon, lung, breast, pancreas and ovary. All tested compounds were active against both enzymes...
September 2, 2016: Chemical Biology & Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581184/synthesis-of-mg-fe-cl-hydrotalcite-like-nanoplatelets-as-an-oral-phosphate-binder-evaluations-of-phosphorus-intercalation-activity-and-cellular-cytotoxicity
#20
Yung-Feng Lung, Ying-Sui Sun, Chun-Kai Lin, Jun-Yen Uan, Her-Hsiung Huang
The patients with end-stage of renal disease (ESRD) need to take oral phosphate binder. Traditional phosphate binders may leave the disadvantage of aluminum intoxication or cardiac calcification. Herein, Mg-Fe-Cl hydrotalcite-like nanoplatelet (HTln) is for the first time characterized as potential oral phosphate binder, with respect to its phosphorus uptake capacity in cow milk and cellular cytotoxicity. A novel method was developed for synthesizing the Mg-Fe-Cl HTln powder in different Mg(2+): Fe(3+) ratios where the optimization was 2...
2016: Scientific Reports
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