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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646811/alternative-therapy-for-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome-a-1-year-single-blind-randomized-trial-of-tui-na
#1
Cheng-Nan Lu, Michael Friedman, Hsin-Ching Lin, Kuo-Wei Bi, Tun-Pin Hsueh, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
Context • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is among the most prevalent of sleep-related breathing disorders. No long-term follow-up studies have documented the continued success of lifestyle changes in treatment; oral appliances have an approximate 50% success rate; compliance with continuous positive airway pressure is poor, ranging from 50% to 89%; and the success rate of upper-airway surgery is only 66.4%. Therefore, some OSAHS patients seek alternative treatments. Objectives • The study intended to examine the efficacy of traditional Chinese therapeutic massage (tui na) for patients with OSAHS...
July 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646157/current-induced-resistive-state-in-fe-se-te-superconducting-nanostrips
#2
Ciro Nappi, Carlo Camerlingo, Emanuele Enrico, Emilio Bellingeri, Valeria Braccini, Carlo Ferdeghini, Ettore Sarnelli
We study the current-voltage characteristics of Fe(Se,Te) thin films deposited on CaF2 substrates in form of nanostrips (width w ~ λ, λ the London penetration length). In view of a possible application of these materials to superconductive electronics and micro-electronics we focus on transport properties in small magnetic field, the one generated by the bias current. From the characteristics taken at different temperatures we derive estimates for the pinning potential U and the pinning potential range δ for the magnetic flux lines (vortices)...
June 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645926/nasopharyngeal-glial-heterotopia-with-delayed-postoperative-meningitis
#3
Kenichi Maeda, Kenji Furuno, Pin Fee Chong, Takato Morioka
A male infant, who underwent radical resection of a large glial heterotopia at the nasopharynx at 8 days, developed delayed postoperative bacterial meningitis at 9 months. Neuroradiological examination clearly demonstrated that meningitis had occurred because of the intracranial and extracranial connections, which were scarcely seen in the perioperative period. A transsphenoidal extension of hypothalamic hamartoma is possible because the connection started from the right optic nerve, running through the transsphenoidal canal in the sphenoid bone and terminating at the recurrent mass in the nasopharyngeal region...
June 22, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645704/reconstruction-of-large-diaphyseal-bone-defect-by-simplified-bone-transport-over-nail-technique-a-7-case-series
#4
F Ferchaud, L Rony, F Ducellier, P Cronier, V Steiger, L Hubert
INTRODUCTION: Reconstruction of large diaphyseal bone defect is complex and the complications rate is high. This study aimed to assess a simplified technique of segmental bone transport by monorail external fixator over an intramedullary nail. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A prospective study included 7 patients:2 femoral and 5 tibial defects.Mean age was 31 years (range, 16-61 years). Mean follow-up was 62 months (range, 46-84 months). Defects were post-traumatic, with a mean length of 7...
June 20, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644492/electronic-properties-of-blue-phosphorene-graphene-and-blue-phosphorene-graphene-like-gallium-nitride-heterostructures
#5
Minglei Sun, Jyh-Pin Chou, Jin Yu, Wencheng Tang
Blue phosphorene (BlueP) is a graphene-like phosphorus nanosheet which was synthesized very recently for the first time [Nano Lett., 2016, 16, 4903-4908]. The combination of electronic properties of two different two-dimensional materials in an ultrathin van der Waals (vdW) vertical heterostructure has been proved to be an effective approach to the design of novel electronic and optoelectronic devices. Therefore, we used density functional theory to investigate the structural and electronic properties of two BlueP-based heterostructures - BlueP/graphene (BlueP/G) and BlueP/graphene-like gallium nitride (BlueP/g-GaN)...
June 23, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644123/pin-malposition-in-external-fixator-stabilization-of-combat-related-pelvic-fractures
#6
Mark P Coseo, Dustin J Schuett, Kevin M Kuhn, Joseph Bellamy
The purpose of this study was to compare the accuracy of pin placement in patients with unstable pelvic fractures undergoing either iliac crest or supra-acetabular external fixation. A retrospective review was performed of computed tomography (CT) scans and injury characteristics for all patients presenting to a North Atlantic Treaty Organization Medical Treatment Facility with data entered into the Department of Defense Trauma Registry from January 2008 to October 2013 who underwent pelvic external fixation for unstable pelvic ring injuries...
2017: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643502/the-pathogenesis-and-potential-therapeutic-method-of-idiopathic-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#7
Xiaohong Zhao, Xiaomei Qi, Chen Wang, Zhonghao Zhou, Haiwu Cao, Pin Wu, Linghao Li, Shiyun Lu, Zhi Wang
BACKGROUND: This study sought to clarify the pathogenesis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura(ITP) and make preliminary investigations regarding a therapeutic method. METHODS: ELISA was used to establish and analyze the standard curve for interferon (IFN)-γ, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-17 in order to determine a measurement method for these cytokines. Subsequently, cellular levels of IFN-γ, IL-4, and IL-17 in the peripheral blood of patients in the treatment group (traditional Chinese medicine) was compared with those in the control group (Western-style care)...
June 21, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643161/nonlinear-biotic-ligand-model-for-assessing-alleviation-effects-of-ca-mg-and-k-on-cd-toxicity-to-soybean-roots
#8
Bo-Ching Chen, Pin-Jie Wang, Pei-Chi Ho, Kai-Wei Juang
Developing a nonlinear biotic ligand model (BLM) that considers the geometrical constraints for binding of different cations on biotic ligands will provide more reliable details about the hypothetical mechanism governing the alleviation of cadmium (Cd) toxicity by coexistent cations. Soybean seedlings under Cd stress produced by various activities of coexistent cations such as calcium (Ca(2+)), magnesium (Mg(2+)), and potassium (K(+)) were hydroponically assayed for Cd toxicity to soybean roots. The Cd(2+) activity resulting in 50% reduction of root elongation (RE), EA 50, was used for assessing the Cd toxicity to the soybean seedling...
June 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642661/customized-guide-for-femoral-component-positioning-in-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#9
Chaturong Pornrattanamaneewong, Rapeepat Narkbunnam, Keerati Chareancholvanich
OBJECTIVE: To prove the accuracy of a customized guide developed according to our method. METHODS: This customized guide was developed from a three-dimensional model of proximal femur reconstructed using computed tomography data. Based on the new technique, the position of the guide pin insertion was selected and adjusted using the reference of the anatomical femoral neck axis. The customized guide consists of a hemispheric covering designed to fit the posterior part of the femoral neck...
March 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642643/tomographic-morphological-study-of-the-cranium-and-its-correlation-with-cranial-halo-use-in-adults
#10
Tiago Ferreira DE Almeida, Homar Toledo Charafeddine, Fernando Flores DE Araújo, Alexandre Fogaça Cristante, Raphael Martus Marcon, Olavo Biraghi Letaif
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate using tomographic study the thickness of the cranial board at the insertions points of the cranial halo pins in adults. METHODS: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional, descriptive analysis of Computed Tomography (CT) scans of adult patients' crania. The study included adults between 20 and 50 years without cranial abnormalities. We excluded any exam with cranial abnormalities. RESULTS: We analyzed 50 CT scans, including 27 men and 23 women, at the original insertion points and alternative points (1 and 2 cm above the frontal and parietal bones)...
January 2017: Acta Ortopedica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641978/angptl4-t266m-variant-is-associated-with-reduced-cancer-invasiveness
#11
Zhen Wei Tan, Ziqiang Teo, Carol Tan, Chee Chong Choo, Wei Sheng Loo, Yiyang Song, Zhi Yang Tam, Sean Pin Ng, Hong Zheng Koh, Yi Siang Ng, Susana Geifman Shochat, Yin Hoe Yau, Pengcheng Zhu, Nguan Soon Tan
Angiopoietin-like 4 (ANGPTL4) is a secretory protein that can be cleaved to form a N-terminal and a C-terminal protein. Studies performed thus far have linked ANGPTL4 to several cancer-related and metabolic processes. Notably, several point mutations in the C-terminal ANGPTL4 (cANGPTL4) have been reported, although no studies have been performed that ascribed these mutations to cancer-related and metabolic processes. In this study, we compared the characteristics of tumors with and without wild-type (wt) cANGPTL4 and tumors with cANGPTL4 bearing the T266M mutation (T266M cANGPTL4)...
June 19, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641777/role-of-parl-pink1-parkin-pathway-in-adipocyte-differentiation
#12
Ming-Yuh Shiau, Pin-Shen Lee, Ying-Jyun Huang, Ching-Ping Yang, Chiao-Wan Hsiao, Kai-Yun Chang, Huan-Wen Chen, Yih-Hsin Chang
OBJECTIVE: Adipogenesis determines the number of adipocytes which is increased when individuals become obese. Mitochondria undergo remarkable morphological and functional changes during adipogenesis. PTEN-induced kinase 1 (PINK1) is pivotal to maintain mitochondrial homeostasis in neural cells. The present study aimed at investigating effects of PINK1 on adipogenesis and energy metabolism. METHODS: Expression of presenilin associated rhomboid-like protein (PARL), PINK1 and Parkin, as well as the interaction among these proteins was temporally examined during adipogenesis...
July 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641444/toward-mentoring-in-palliative-social-work-a-narrative-review-of-mentoring-programs-in-social-work
#13
Ying Pin Toh, R Karthik, Chia Chia Teo, Sarasvathy Suppiah, Siew Li Cheung, Lalit Krishna
BACKGROUND: Mentoring by an experienced practitioner enhances professional well-being, promotes resilience, and provides a means of addressing poor job satisfaction and high burnout rates among medical social workers. This is a crucial source of support for social workers working in fields with high risk of compassion fatigue and burnout like palliative care. Implementing such a program, however, is hindered by differences in understanding and application of mentoring practice. AIM: This narrative review of mentoring practice in social work seeks to identify key elements and common approaches within successful mentoring programs in social work that could be adapted to guide the design of new mentoring programs in medical social work...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641419/thermodynamic-formulation-of-the-barrier-for-heterogeneous-pinned-nucleation-implication-to-the-crossover-scenarios-associated-with-barrierless-and-homogeneous-nucleation
#14
Sanat K Singha, Prasanta K Das, Biswajit Maiti
The effect of contact line pinning on nucleation is reported using continuum thermodynamics. Based on the principle of the free-energy maximization, closed-form expressions in the dimensionless form for the free-energy of the three-phase metastable system and the thermodynamic barrier are formulated with respect to the system geometry and the substrate wettability. The condition of maximality limits the dynamic contact angle within the cluster-phase-phobic regime. The dimensionless nucleation barrier or the potency factor can be divided into two components related to the system geometry and the pinning effect...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641241/influence-of-shoulder-kinematic-estimate-on-joint-and-muscle-mechanics-predicted-by-musculoskeletal-model
#15
Yoann Blache, Mickael Begon
Little information is available in the existing literature regarding the influence of the scapular kinematic estimate method on musculoskeletal analysis. This study aimed to assess the propagation of errors due to the method used for scapular kinematics reconstruction in the workflow of musculoskeletal modeling (joint kinematics, joint torques, muscle force and joint reaction force) in shoulder and upper-limb movements. Two participants performed functional (arm elevation and rotation), daily life (eating and reaching pants pockets) and sports movements (a simulated throwing maneuver)...
June 15, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640618/dynamic-roughness-ratio-based-framework-for-modeling-mixed-mode-of-droplet-evaporation
#16
Madhu Ranjan Gunjan, Rishi Raj
The spatio-temporal evolution of an evaporating sessile droplet and its effect on lifetime is crucial to various disciplines of science and technology. While experimental investigations suggest three distinct modes through which a droplet evaporates, namely, the constant contact radius (CCR), the constant contact angle (CCA), and the mixed, only the CCR and the CCA modes have been modeled reasonably. Here we use experiments with water droplets on flat and micropillared silicon substrates to characterize the mixed mode...
June 22, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640396/an-anatomical-study-of-plate-rod-fixation-in-feline-tibiae
#17
Andreas Gutbrod, Simona Vincenti, Karolin Kühn, Sebastian Christoph Knell, Philipp Alexander Schmierer, Antonio Pozzi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility of placing bi-cortical cortex (B-cort) or mono-cortical locking screws (M-lock) in a plate-rod construct applied to the feline tibia in combination with different intramedullary (IM) pins. METHODS: Twenty-four feline tibiae of cats were divided into 4 groups, corresponding to IM pin sizes filling approximately 30% (1.0 mm), 40% (1.4 mm), 45% (1.6 mm), and 50% (1.8 mm) of the medullary canal. Computed tomography (CT) was performed to trace potential screw trajectories in each group...
June 22, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640170/effectiveness-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-and-associated-cognitive-change-in-schizophrenia-a-naturalistic-comparative-study-of-treating-schizophrenia-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#18
Phern-Chern Tor, Jiangbo Ying, New Fei Ho, Mingyuan Wang, Donel Martin, Chai Pin Ang, Chunzhen Tan, Lee Shen Yap, Vincent John Magat Lu, Brett Simpson, Yee Ming Mok, Colleen Loo
OBJECTIVE: There is limited evidence regarding the relative treatment effectiveness and cognitive effects of different types of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. In this study, we sought to determine the overall effectiveness and compare the symptomatic and cognitive outcomes of patients with schizophrenia who received different modalities of ECT treatment. METHODS: Patients received 1 of 4 of the following ECT modalities: bitemporal ECT with age-based dosing, right unilateral ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing, bitemporal ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing, and bifrontal ECT with seizure threshold-based dosing ECT...
June 15, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640064/predictors-of-local-recurrence-in-patients-with-myxofibrosarcoma
#19
Bismarck Odei, Jean-Claude Rwigema, Frederick R Eilber, Fritz C Eilber, Michael Selch, Arun Singh, Bartosz Chmielowski, Scott D Nelson, Pin-Chieh Wang, Michael Steinberg, Mitchell Kamrava
OBJECTIVES: Myxofibrosarcoma (MFS) is reported to have a higher risk of local recurrence (LR) following definitive surgical excision relative to other soft tissue sarcomas. We reviewed our clinical experience treating MFS to investigate predictors of LR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed treatment outcomes for MFS patients treated at our institution between 1999 and 2015. A total of 52 patients were identified. Median age was 65 years (range, 21 to 86 y)...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639666/conformational-landscape-of-the-sf6-dimer-as-revealed-by-high-resolution-infrared-spectroscopy-and-complexation-with-rare-gas-atoms
#20
Pierre Asselin, Alexey Potapov, Andrew C Turner, Vincent Boudon, Laurent Bruel, Marc-André Gaveau, Michel Mons
Taking advantage of a versatile set-up, combining pulsed pin hole or slit nozzle supersonic expansion with an external cavity quantum cascade laser, the rovibrational absorption spectrum of the SF6 dimer in the ν3 mode region has been revisited at high resolution under various experimental conditions in SF6:He mixtures. Two new rotationally resolved spectral bands have been identified in the range of the parallel band of the dimer spectrum in addition to that previously reported. Among these three spectral features, two of them are assigned to conformations of the dimer (noted #1 and #2), clearly distinguished from their different S-S interatomic distances, i...
June 22, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
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