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Obesity at schol age

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/16002800/body-composition-and-mortality-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#1
Annemie M W J Schols, Roelinka Broekhuizen, Clarie A Weling-Scheepers, Emiel F Wouters
BACKGROUND: Survival studies have consistently shown significantly greater mortality rates in underweight and normal-weight patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than in overweight and obese COPD patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare the contributions of low fat-free mass and low fat mass to mortality, we assessed the association between body composition and mortality in COPD. DESIGN: We studied 412 patients with moderate-to-severe COPD [Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (GOLD) stages II-IV, forced expiratory volume in 1 s of 36 +/- 14% of predicted (range: 19-70%)...
July 2005: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15556267/bioelectrical-impedance-analysis-part-ii-utilization-in-clinical-practice
#2
COMMENT
Ursula G Kyle, Ingvar Bosaeus, Antonio D De Lorenzo, Paul Deurenberg, Marinos Elia, José Manuel Gómez, Berit Lilienthal Heitmann, Luisa Kent-Smith, Jean-Claude Melchior, Matthias Pirlich, Hermann Scharfetter, Annemie M W J Schols, Claude Pichard et al.
BIA is easy, non-invasive, relatively inexpensive and can be performed in almost any subject because it is portable. Part II of these ESPEN guidelines reports results for fat-free mass (FFM), body fat (BF), body cell mass (BCM), total body water (TBW), extracellular water (ECW) and intracellular water (ICW) from various studies in healthy and ill subjects. The data suggests that BIA works well in healthy subjects and in patients with stable water and electrolytes balance with a validated BIA equation that is appropriate with regard to age, sex and race...
December 2004: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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