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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904054/epidemiology-of-dermatophytoses-in-crete-greece
#1
Sofia Maraki, Viktoria Eirini Mavromanolaki
Dermatophytoses are among the most frequently diagnosed skin infections worldwide. However, the distribution of pathogenic species and the predominating anatomical sites of infection vary with geographical location and change over time. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and aetiological factors of dermatophytoses in Crete, Greece over the last 5-year period (2011-2015) and their incidence in relation to the gender and the age of the patients. We compared our findings with those previously reported from the same area and from other parts of the world...
2016: Medical Mycology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903309/the-rise-and-fall-of-hospitalizations-for-skin-infections-in-new-zealand-2004-2014-trends-by-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-deprivation
#2
A Lim, J Rumball-Smith, R Jones, I Kawachi
Since the 1990s, New Zealand (NZ) has seen an increasing incidence of paediatric skin infections leading to hospitalization. We sought to describe the epidemiology of these infections over time. Hospital discharge data were analysed for all children admitted to any NZ public hospital from 2004 to 2014. We found the age-standardized incidence of hospitalizations due to skin infections increased during this period from 522/100 000 in 2004 to a peak of 644/100 000 in 2011, after which it declined to 524/100 000 in 2014...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902644/coffee-consumption-and-risk-of-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis
#3
Golnaz Vaseghi, Shaghayegh Haghjoo-Javanmard, Jamal Naderi, Azadeh Eshraghi, Manijeh Mahdavi, Marjan Mansourian
Several epidemiological studies have evaluated the associations between coffee consumption and the risk of skin cancer; however, the results were not conclusive. This systematic review and meta-analysis of the cohort and case-control studies was carried out to determine the association between coffee intake and the risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Studies were identified by searching the PubMed and MEDLINE databases (to November 2015). Study-specific risk estimates were pooled under the random-effects model...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901332/safety-and-efficacy-of-non-continuous-echocardiographic-guided-pericardiocentesis-a-single-center-study-of-478-patients
#4
Ilaria Battistoni, Marco Marini, Luca Angelini, Matteo Francioni, Alberto Gili, Stefano Moretti, Carlo Costantini, Christian Corinaldesi, Marica Bordicchia, Gian P Perna
BACKGROUND: There are limited contemporary data on the safety and efficacy of echo-guided pericardiocentesis in Italy. The aim of the study was to evaluate safety and efficacy of pericardiocentesis, performed with non-continuous echocardiography monitoring. All the procedures performed at Department of Cardiovascular Disease, Ospedali Riuniti Ancona, from January 2001 to June 2013, were retrospectively analyzed to determine risks connected to the procedure and its success rate. Epidemiological data, procedure indications and etiology of the effusions were also recorded...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901259/neurological-manifestations-of-chikungunya-and-zika-infections
#5
Talys J Pinheiro, Luis F Guimarães, Marcus Tulius T Silva, Cristiane N Soares
The epidemics of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) and Zika virus (ZIKV) infections have been considered the most important epidemiological occurrences in the Americas. The clinical picture of CHIKV infection is characterized by high fever, exanthema, myalgia, headaches, and arthralgia. Besides the typical clinical picture of CHIKV, atypical manifestations of neurological complications have been reported: meningo-encephalitis, meningoencephalo-myeloradiculitis, myeloradiculitis, myelitis, myeloneuropathy, Guillain-Barré syndrome and others...
November 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900946/childhood-psoriasis
#6
Emmanuel Mahé
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Recently, few data have been published on epidemiology, comorbidity, or therapy in children with psoriasis. Psoriasis affects up to 2% of children in Europe, even during the first months of life. The link between psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities has been highlighted, notably in relation to excessive weight and obesity. The clinical picture of psoriasis in childhood resembles adult disease, however, some clinical features are noteworthy: neonatal diaper rash is relatively specific, face involvement and guttate psoriasis are more common, plaques are often smaller, and scales are finer and softer than in adults...
November 29, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898109/body-mass-index-and-risk-of-non-melanoma-skin-cancer-cumulative-evidence-from-prospective-studies
#7
Daijun Zhou, Jun Wu, Gaoxing Luo
Prospective epidemiologic studies that investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) yielded inconsistent findings. A dose-response meta-analysis was conducted to quantitatively summarize the evidence. PubMed and Embase databases were searched for relevant studies. Study-specific relative risk (RR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) for an increase in BMI of 5 kg/m(2) was computed with the generalized least squares trend estimation, and these risk estimates were combined with the random-effects model...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892847/international-adoption-from-ethiopia-an-overview-of-the-health-status-at-arrival-in-belgium
#8
Lydia Van Kesteren, Marek Wojciechowski
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia is a densely populated country with a fast growing economy. Still socioeconomic and health issues render many children parentless. One thousand and twenty eight Ethiopian children have been adopted in Belgium from September 2005 to September 2015. Little has been published about their health status at arrival. METHODS: Three hundred and fifteen children adopted from Ethiopia were clinically evaluated at the Institute of Tropical Medicine in Antwerp from 1 January 2008 until 31 December 2014...
November 28, 2016: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892609/bad-air-gets-under-your-skin
#9
Roxanna Koohgoli, Laura Hudson, Khimara Naidoo, Simon Wilkinson, Bhaven Chavan, Mark A Birch-Machin
Air pollution is increasing beyond previous estimates and is viewed as the world's largest environmental health risk factor. Numerous clinical and epidemiological studies have highlighted the adverse effects of environmental pollutants on health. Although there is comparatively less research investigating the cutaneous effects of ambient pollution, there is growing recognition of the adverse effects on skin. In this article we provide an overview of the nature of environmental pollution and highlight the current evidence detailing the effects on cutaneous health...
November 28, 2016: Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891222/epidemiology-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-bloodstream-infections-in-a-teaching-hospital-factors-related-to-the-carbapenem-resistance-and-patient-mortality
#10
Lijun Tian, Ruoming Tan, Yang Chen, Jingyong Sun, Jialin Liu, Hongping Qu, Xiaoli Wang
BACKGROUND: Although Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections (KP-BSIs) have recently attracted attention due to an alarming raise in morbidity and mortality, there have been few reports on the epidemiology of KP-BSIs in mainland China. We sought to describe the epidemiological, microbiological, and clinical characteristics of KP-BSIs, focusing on the risk factors of carbapenem resistance and patient mortality. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of WHONET data of KP-BSI patients admitted to a teaching hospital in Shanghai, China, between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2015 was performed, and the annual percentage of patients with carbapenem-resistant K...
2016: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886904/mastocytosis-and-anaphylaxis
#11
REVIEW
Anna Schuch, Knut Brockow
This article updates current knowledge on epidemiology, risk factors, triggers, and management of anaphylaxis in patients with mastocytosis. Hyperactive mast cells and higher number of effector mast cells are speculated to facilitate anaphylaxis in this condition. In children, increased risk is limited to those with extensive skin involvement and high tryptase. In adults, manifestations of anaphylaxis are severe with high frequency of cardiovascular symptoms. Hymenoptera stings are the most common triggers for these reactions; however, idiopathic anaphylaxis and reactions to food or drugs occur...
February 2017: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886135/soy-and-health-update-evaluation-of-the-clinical-and-epidemiologic-literature
#12
REVIEW
Mark Messina
Soyfoods have long been recognized as sources of high-quality protein and healthful fat, but over the past 25 years these foods have been rigorously investigated for their role in chronic disease prevention and treatment. There is evidence, for example, that they reduce risk of coronary heart disease and breast and prostate cancer. In addition, soy alleviates hot flashes and may favorably affect renal function, alleviate depressive symptoms and improve skin health. Much of the focus on soyfoods is because they are uniquely-rich sources of isoflavones...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884111/quantitative-genetic-analysis-of-the-btb-diagnostic-single-intradermal-comparative-cervical-test-sicct
#13
Smaragda Tsairidou, Susan Brotherstone, Mike Coffey, Stephen C Bishop, John A Woolliams
BACKGROUND: Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a disease of significant economic importance and is a persistent animal health problem with implications for public health worldwide. Control of bTB in the UK has relied on diagnosis through the single intradermal comparative cervical test (SICCT). However, limitations in the sensitivity of this test hinder successful eradication and the control of bTB remains a major challenge. Genetic selection for cattle that are more resistant to bTB infection can assist in bTB control...
November 24, 2016: Genetics, Selection, Evolution: GSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882588/clinical-and-epidemiological-analysis-in-149-cases-of-rhododendrol-induced-leukoderma
#14
Momoko Yoshikawa, Yasuyuki Sumikawa, Tokimasa Hida, Takafumi Kamiya, Kimi Kase, Yasue Ishii-Osai, Junji Kato, Yuji Kan, Shiori Kamiya, Yuki Sato, Toshiharu Yamashita
Rhododendrol-induced leukoderma is an acquired depigmentation that develops mainly at the contact site after repeated use of skin-whitening cosmetics containing rhododendrol. In most cases, cessation of further depigmentation or occurrence of repigmentation is observed after discontinuing the use of cosmetics. However, some patients develop vitiligo vulgaris through the spread of depigmentation into the non-exposed areas. Our study aims to investigate the patient-specific factors that may affect the extent of depigmentation or repigmentation, as well as development of vitiligo vulgaris...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879459/clinical-and-epidemiological-features-of-paederus-dermatitis-among-nut-farm-workers-in-turkey
#15
Emel Uzunoğlu, Işıl Deniz Oğuz, Büşra Kır, Cihangir Akdemir
Paederus dermatitis is an acute irritant dermatitis resulting from contact with the hemolymph of Paederus beetles. This dermatitis mimics other infectious skin disorders, often resulting in diagnostic dilemmas. This study of 46 patients was conducted to increase awareness about Paederus dermatitis. Possible causes of a number of cases of Paederus dermatitis in Giresun, Turkey, were investigated using climate data and telephone interviews with the patients about risk factors. Insects caught by patients were identified at the species level...
November 22, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879009/epidemiological-dermoscopical-and-pathological-evaluation-of-melanocytic-lesions-of-the-buttock-in-a-5-year-period-a-female-prevalence
#16
Giovanni Paolino, Iris Zalaudek, Anna Carbone, Pasquale Frascione, Michele Donati, Chiara Panetta, Pietro Donati
A self-assessment of the skin plays a pivotal role in the early diagnosis of melanoma. However, when pigmented lesions are located on hidden areas or on locations that are difficult to self-examine, their assessment becomes more difficult. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
November 23, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873733/food-allergy-to-the-carbohydrate-galactose-alpha-1-3-galactose-alpha-gal-four-case-reports-and-a-review
#17
Andreas J Bircher, Kathrin Scherer Hofmeier, Susanne Link, Ingmar Heijnen
Until recently, food allergies to mammalian meats have been considered to be very rare. The observation that patients not previously exposed to the monoclonal chimeric antibody cetuximab suffered from severe anaphylaxis upon first exposure, led to the identification of galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose as a new relevant carbohydrate allergen. These patients later often suffered from anaphylactic reactions to red meat. Epidemiological data indicated that bites by the tick Amblyomma americanum in the USA, later also by Ixodes species in other continents, resulted in sensitisation to alpha-gal...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871233/a-retrospective-analysis-of-melioidosis-in-cambodian-children-2009-2013
#18
Paul Turner, Sabine Kloprogge, Thyl Miliya, Sona Soeng, Pisey Tan, Poda Sar, Pagnarith Yos, Catrin E Moore, Vanaporn Wuthiekanun, Direk Limmathurotsakul, Claudia Turner, Nicholas P J Day, David A B Dance
BACKGROUND: Melioidiosis, infection by Burkholderia pseudomallei, is an important but frequently under-recognised cause of morbidity and mortality in Southeast Asia and elsewhere in the tropics. Data on the epidemiology of paediatric melioidosis in Cambodia are extremely limited. METHODS: Culture-positive melioidosis cases presenting to Angkor Hospital for Children, a non-governmental paediatric hospital located in Siem Reap, Northern Cambodia, between 1(st) January 2009 and 31(st) December 2013 were identified by searches of hospital and laboratory databases and logbooks...
November 21, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869951/-epidemiological-characteristics-of-violence-against-women-in-the-federal-district-brazil-2009-2012
#19
Lídia Ester Lopes da Silva, Maria Liz Cunha de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to describe the epidemiological characteristics of cases of violence against women reported in the Federal District, Brazil, 2009-2012. METHODS: this was a descriptive study of cases of violence against women aged 18- 59 registered on the National Notifiable Diseases System (Sinan). RESULTS: 1,924 cases of violence against women were registered, the perpetrators of which were identified as unknown (25.7%) or spouses (19.0%) of the victims; violence mainly occurred against women of brown skin color (25...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868472/topical-and-systemic-antifungals-in-dermatology-practice
#20
Murat Durdu, Macit Ilkit, Yalda Tamadon, Ali Tolooe, Haleh Rafati, Seyedmojtaba Seyedmousavi
Dermatophytosis is generally defined as an infection of the hair, nails, or glabrous skin. These infections are caused by the keratinophilic fungi Trichophyton spp., Microsporum spp., and Epidermophyton, which have been recovered from both symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals. Although dermatophytosis is generally not a life-threatening condition, these types of infections are among the most common infections worldwide, and their incidence has continued to increase consistently in recent years. Area covered: This article provides an overview of the general characteristics of dermatophytes, including their taxonomy and epidemiology, as well as the different clinical forms and laboratory diagnostics of dermatophytosis...
November 19, 2016: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
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