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Diabetes and metabolic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214879/thiamine-deprivation-produces-a-liver-atp-deficit-and-metabolic-and-genomic-effects-in-mice-findings-are-parallel-to-those-of-biotin-deficiency-and-have-implications-for-energy-disorders
#1
Alain de J Hernandez-Vazquez, Josue Andres Garcia-Sanchez, Elizabeth Moreno-Arriola, Ana Salvador-Adriano, Daniel Ortega-Cuellar, Antonio Velazquez-Arellano
Thiamine is one of several essential cofactors for ATP generation. Its deficiency, like in beriberi and in the Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, has been studied for many decades. However, its mechanism of action is still not completely understood at the cellular and molecular levels. Since it acts as a coenzyme for dehydrogenases of pyruvate, branched-chain keto acids, and ketoglutarate, its nutritional privation is partly a phenocopy of inborn errors of metabolism, among them maple syrup urine disease. In the present paper, we report metabolic and genomic findings in mice deprived of thiamine...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214752/metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-institutionalized-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-long-term-tertiary-care
#2
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Siow Ann Chong, Peizhi Wang, Saleha Shafie, Hui Lin Ong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risk are highly prevalent among individuals with schizophrenia. This study aimed to determine the cardiometabolic profile and the associated risk factors in a group of institutionalized patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder receiving prolonged hospital care in the only tertiary psychiatric institution in Singapore. METHODS: Patients residing in long stay wards who were hospitalized for a minimum period of 1year were recruited...
February 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#3
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211512/physiology-and-role-of-irisin-in-glucose-homeostasis
#4
REVIEW
Nikolaos Perakakis, Georgios A Triantafyllou, José Manuel Fernández-Real, Joo Young Huh, Kyung Hee Park, Jochen Seufert, Christos S Mantzoros
Irisin is a myokine that leads to increased energy expenditure by stimulating the 'browning' of white adipose tissue. In the first description of this hormone, increased levels of circulating irisin, which is cleaved from its precursor fibronectin type III domain-containing protein 5, were associated with improved glucose homeostasis by reducing insulin resistance. Consequently, several studies attempted to characterize the role of irisin in glucose regulation, but contradictory results have been reported, and even the existence of this hormone has been questioned...
February 17, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210925/prospective-associations-between-depressive-symptoms-and-the-metabolic-syndrome-the-spirited-life-study-of-methodist-pastors-in-north-carolina
#5
Timothy W Smith, David E Eagle, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (Met-S) has a robust concurrent association with depression. A small, methodologically limited literature suggests that Met-S and depression are reciprocally related over time, an association that could contribute to their overlapping influences on morbidity and mortality in cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer. PURPOSE: Using a refined approach to the measurement of Met-S as a continuous latent variable comprising continuous components, this study tested the prospective associations between Met-S and depression...
February 16, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210913/dietary-and-commercialized-fructose-sweet-or-sour
#6
REVIEW
Aslihan Yerlikaya, Tuncay Dagel, Christopher King, Masanari Kubawara, Miguel A Lanaspa, Ana Andres-Hernando, Adrian Covic, Jacek Manitius, Alan A Sag, Mehmet Kanbay
Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are main health problems of modern life in the twenty-first century. Alarming ratios of global prevalence lead to conduct more and more researches about etiological factors and pathogenesis. Disease mechanism is elementary for advancing more efficient and practicable treatment methods. Concurrent increase in both fructose consumption with Western diet and metabolic syndrome has revealed fructose hypothesis that suggests fructose as one of etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, central obesity, hypertension, etc...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209386/dietary-therapy-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-or-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Helene von Bibra, Alexander Ströhle, Martin St John Sutton, Nicolai Worm
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is an ongoing epidemic of left ventricular (LV) dilatation and/or dysfunction due to the increasing prevalence of predisposing risk factors such as age, physical inactivity, (abdominal) obesity, and type-2-diabetes. Approximately half of these patients have diastolic heart failure (HFpEF). The prognosis of HFpEF is comparable to that of systolic heart failure, but without any known effective treatment. DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION: A biomathematically corrected diagnostic approach is presented that quantifies diastolic dysfunction via the predominant age dependency of LV diastolic function and unmasks (metabolic) risk factors, that are independent of age and, therefore, potential targets for therapy...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208845/role-of-altered-venous-blood-lactate-and-hba1c-in-women-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#8
C S Nagalakshmi, N U Santhosh, N Krishnamurthy, Chethana Chethan, M K Shilpashree
INTRODUCTION: Being a mirror image of metabolic syndrome, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is associated with significant maternal and fetal morbidity. Increased blood lactate concentration and alterations of substrate utilization are partly involved in development of insulin resistance in GDM. Fetuses born to such mothers have shown low umbilical vein oxygen saturation and low oxygen content and increased lactate concentrations. These changes may certainly reflect enhanced fetal metabolism as a result of hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinemia and therefore, these fetuses deserve intense surveillance at term and during delivery...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208723/the-optimal-ethnic-specific-waist-circumference-cut-off-points-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-low-income-rural-uyghur-adults-in-far-western-china-and-implications-in-preventive-public-health
#9
Jia He, Rulin Ma, Jiaming Liu, Mei Zhang, Yusong Ding, Heng Guo, Lati Mu, Jingyu Zhang, Bin Wei, Yizhong Yan, Jiaolong Ma, Hongrui Pang, Shugang Li, Shuxia Guo
Background: Metabolic syndrome is pandemic; however, the cut-off values for waist circumference (WC) vary widely depending on the ethnic groups studied and the criteria applied for WC measurement. Previous studies for defining optimal WC cut-off points included high-income and urban settings, and did not cover low-income, rural settings, especially for ethnic minorities. This study aimed at defining optimal ethnic-specific WC cut-off points in a low-income, rural population comprising the largest inhabitant minority group residing in far Western China...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203273/synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-the-new-1-3-dimethylxanthine-derivatives-with-thiazolidine-4-one-scaffold
#10
Sandra Constantin, Florentina Geanina Lupascu, Maria Apotrosoaei, Ioana Mirela Vasincu, Dan Lupascu, Frederic Buron, Sylvain Routier, Lenuta Profire
BACKGROUND: The xanthine structure has proved to be an important scaffold in the process of developing a wide variety of biologically active molecules such as bronchodilator, hypoglycemiant, anticancer and anti-inflammatory agents. It is known that hyperglycemia generates reactive oxygen species which are involved in the progression of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Therefore, the development of new compounds with antioxidant activity could be an important therapeutic strategy against this metabolic syndrome...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202119/-acute-renal-failure-caused-by-rhabdomyolysis-in-children-a-clinical-analysis-of-26-cases
#11
Fan-Ying Meng, Xiao-Rong Liu, Qian Fu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of acute renal failure (ARF) caused by rhabdomyolysis (RM) in children. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data, laboratory examination, and prognosis of 26 RM children with ARF. RESULTS: The causes for all 26 RM children with ARF were non-traumatic diseases, and the three most common causes were infection (69%), diabetes (12%), and metabolic disease (8%)...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198702/epigenetic-clock-analysis-of-diet-exercise-education-and-lifestyle-factors
#12
Austin Quach, Morgan E Levine, Toshiko Tanaka, Ake T Lu, Brian H Chen, Luigi Ferrucci, Beate Ritz, Stefania Bandinelli, Marian L Neuhouser, Jeannette M Beasley, Linda Snetselaar, Robert B Wallace, Philip S Tsao, Devin Absher, Themistocles L Assimes, James D Stewart, Yun Li, Lifang Hou, Andrea A Baccarelli, Eric A Whitsel, Steve Horvath
Behavioral and lifestyle factors have been shown to relate to a number of health-related outcomes, yet there is a need for studies that examine their relationship to molecular aging rates. Toward this end, we use recent epigenetic biomarkers of age that have previously been shown to predict all-cause mortality, chronic conditions, and age-related functional decline. We analyze cross-sectional data from 4,173 postmenopausal female participants from the Women's Health Initiative, as well as 402 male and female participants from the Italian cohort study, Invecchiare nel Chianti...
February 14, 2017: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198120/effects-of-curcumin-on-serum-vitamin-e-concentrations-in-individuals-with-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Akram Mohammadi, Hamid Reza Sadeghnia, Maryam Saberi-Karimian, Hamideh Safarian, Gordon A Ferns, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Vitamin E is an important lipid-soluble antioxidant. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of curcumin on serum vitamin E levels in subjects with metabolic syndrome (MetS). A total of 120 subjects aged 18-65 years old with MetS were recruited in this study according to the International Diabetic Federation Criteria. Included subjects were randomized into three groups: subjects receiving lecithinized curcumin (1 g/day equivalent to 200-mg pure curcumin per day) for a period of 6 weeks )n = 40), patients receiving unformulated curcumin (1 g/day) for a period of 6 weeks )n = 40) and a control group receiving placebo for the same period (n = 40)...
February 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197835/selenium-vanadium-and-chromium-as-micronutrients-to-improve-metabolic-syndrome
#14
REVIEW
Sunil K Panchal, Stephen Wanyonyi, Lindsay Brown
Trace metals play an important role in the proper functioning of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Some of the trace metals are thus essential for maintaining homeostasis, while deficiency of these trace metals can cause disorders with metabolic and physiological imbalances. This article concentrates on three trace metals (selenium, vanadium, and chromium) that may play crucial roles in controlling blood glucose concentrations possibly through their insulin-mimetic effects. For these trace metals, the level of evidence available for their health effects as supplements is weak...
March 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197293/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#15
Farzaneh Montazerifar, Ahmad Bolouri, Milad Mahmoudi Mozaffar, Mansour Karajibani
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a worldwide health problem, which is growing in Iranian adults. MetS is associated with risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MetS and its individual components in CAD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 200 CAD patients who had undergone elective coronary angiography at the cardiology department. Anthropometric indices including waist circumference (WC) and body mass index were measured...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195177/prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-associated-cirrhosis-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-of-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#16
Mohammad Nasser Kabbany, Praveen Kumar Conjeevaram Selvakumar, Kymberly Watt, Rocio Lopez, Zade Akras, Nizar Zein, William Carey, Naim Alkhouri
OBJECTIVES: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a wide spectrum of manifestations ranging from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis and eventually cirrhosis. The prevalence of NAFLD has been shown to be increasing over time; however, the prevalence of NASH cirrhosis and advanced fibrosis over time has not been well studied. Estimate the changes in prevalence of NASH cirrhosis and NAFLD-associated advanced fibrosis among adults in the United States...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194232/post-challenge-insulin-concentration-is-useful-for-differentiating-between-coronary-artery-disease-and-cardiac-syndrome-x-in-subjects-without-known-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Kae-Woei Liang, Wayne H-H Sheu, Wen-Jane Lee, Wen-Lieng Lee, Hung-Chih Pan, I-Te Lee, Jun-Sing Wang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac syndrome X (CSX) is characterized by angina pectoris but with patent coronary arteries. Our previous study demonstrated that subjects with CSX had a higher fasting insulin-resistance (IR) than the controls. However, few studies have investigated the degree of IR, including oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT)-derived indices and profiles of metabolic abnormalities between CSX and coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Ninety-two CSX and 145 CAD subjects without known diabetes mellitus (DM) underwent coronary angiogram (CAG) for angina pectoris and also agreed to receive OGTT and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1C) evaluations for screening abnormal glucose regulation and IR...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193268/adipokines-insulin-resistance-and-adiposity-as-a-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-child-survivors-of-lymphoma-and-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-of-a-developing-country
#18
Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, Mardia López-Alarcón, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, María Del Carmen Rodríguez-Zepeda, Hugo Rivera-Márquez, Alan de la Vega-Martínez, Jorge Martin-Trejo, Juan Shum-Luis, Karina Solis-Labastida, Enrique López-Aguilar, Guadalupe Matute-González, Roberto Bernaldez-Rios
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence indicating that pediatric survivors of cancer are at a greater risk of developing metabolic syndrome. This study evaluated some probable predictors of metabolic syndrome (MS), such as leptin and adiponectin concentrations, the leptin/adiponectin ratio, insulin resistance, and adiposity, in a sample of child survivors of lymphoma and leukemia in Mexico City. METHODS: Fifty two children (leukemia n = 26, lymphoma n = 26), who were within the first 5 years after cessation of therapy, were considered as eligible to participate in the study...
February 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191538/lipodystrophy-hiv-related-and-fgf21-a-new-marker-to-follow-the-progression-of-lipodystrophy
#19
Stefano Benedini, Livio Luzi
Recently new evidence about fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) highlights the opportunities to use this molecule in new pharmaceutical formulations to combat type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. It is well known that HIV is per se a condition of insulin resistance and in particular the patient with HIV-related lipodystrophy has a condition strictly related to metabolic syndrome. Lipodystrophy is associated with severe metabolic side effects, including dyslipidemia, hepatic insulin resistance, and lipid oxidation impairment...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191524/renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system-in-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome
#20
Undurti N Das
Obesity and its consequent complications such as hypertension and metabolic syndrome are increasing in incidence in almost all countries. Insulin resistance is common in obesity. Renin- angiotensin system (RAS) is an important target in the treatment of hypertension and drugs that act on RAS improve insulin resistance and decrease the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, explaining the close association between hypertension and type 2 diabetes mellitus. RAS influences food intake by modulating the hypothalamic expression of neuropeptide Y and orexins via AMPK dephosphorylation...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
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