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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914280/internal-medicine-resident-engagement-with-a-laboratory-utilization-dashboard-mixed-methods-study
#1
Gregory Kurtzman, Jessica Dine, Andrew Epstein, Yevgenly Gitelman, Damien Leri, Miltesh S Patel, Kyra Ryskina
The objective of this study was to measure internal medicine resident engagement with an electronic medical record-based dashboard providing feedback on their use of routine laboratory tests relative to service averages. From January 2016 to June 2016, residents were e-mailed a snapshot of their personalized dashboard, a link to the online dashboard, and text summarizing the resident and service utilization averages. We measured resident engagement using e-mail read-receipts and web-based tracking. We also conducted 3 hour-long focus groups with residents...
September 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912038/proton-pump-inhibitor-use-is-associated-with-a-reduced-risk-of-infection-with-intestinal-protozoa
#2
Johnathan M Sheele
OBJECTIVE: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) can kill some human protozoan parasites in cell culture better than the drug metronidazole. Clinical data showing an antiprotozoal effect for PPIs are lacking. The objective of the study is to determine if PPI use is associated with a reduced risk of having intestinal parasites. METHODS: We obtained electronic medical record data for all persons who received a stool ova and parasite (O & P) examination at our tertiary care academic medical center in Cleveland, Ohio, between January 2000 and September 2014...
September 11, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902377/-implementation-of-the-national-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-diabetes-mellitus-type-2-in-secondary-diabetes-centers
#3
Lydia Marahrens, Daniel Röck, Tjalf Ziemssen, Raimar Kern, Focke Ziemssen, Andreas Fritsche
Background The German National Disease Management Guideline (NVL) on treatment of Type 2 Diabetes recommends lowering of blood glucose in four therapy steps. There is little evidence, how NVL is implemented for the individual patients. Methods 810 patients in secondary diabetes centers were examined within the DiabCheck(OCTplus) trial. Data about the patient's health status (electronic medical record) were classified according to the NVL treatment steps. The degree of implementation was assessed for every person with diabetes type 2 (NCT02 311 504)...
September 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900481/routine-pre-treatment-mri-for-breast-cancer-in-a-single-payer-medical-center-effects-on-surgical-choices-timing-and-outcomes
#4
Timothy J Vreeland, John S Berry Iv, Erika Schneble, Doreen O Jackson, Garth S Herbert, Diane F Hale, Jonathon M Martin, Madeline Flores, Adam R Pattyn, Kai Hata, Guy T Clifton, Aaron D Kirkpatrick, George E Peoples
Introduction: Pre-operative MRI is being used with increasing frequency to evaluate breast cancer patients, but the debate surrounding risks and benefits of this use continues. At our institution, we instituted a standardized protocol for pre-operative MRI. Here, we compare patients seen prior to routine use of MRI to those seen after and examine effects on surgical choices, timing and outcomes. Methods: This is a retrospective review of a prospectively collected database of all new invasive breast cancers seen from January 2007 to December 2012...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898194/correlate-a-pacs-and-ehr-integrated-tool-leveraging-natural-language-processing-to-provide-automated-clinical-follow-up
#5
Mark D Kovacs, Joseph Mesterhazy, David Avrin, Thomas Urbania, John Mongan
A major challenge for radiologists is obtaining meaningful clinical follow-up information for even a small percentage of cases encountered and dictated. Traditional methods, such as keeping medical record number follow-up lists, discussing cases with rounding clinical teams, and discussing cases at tumor boards, are effective at keeping radiologists informed of clinical outcomes but are time intensive and provide follow-up for a small subset of cases. To this end, the authors developed a picture archiving and communication system-accessible electronic health record (EHR)-integrated program called Correlate, which allows the user to easily enter free-text search queries regarding desired clinical follow-up information, with minimal interruption to the workflow...
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887351/using-predictive-analytics-and-big-data-to-optimize-pharmaceutical-outcomes
#6
Inmaculada Hernandez, Yuting Zhang
PURPOSE: The steps involved, the resources needed, and the challenges associated with applying predictive analytics in healthcare are described, with a review of successful applications of predictive analytics in implementing population health management interventions that target medication-related patient outcomes. SUMMARY: In healthcare, the term big data typically refers to large quantities of electronic health record, administrative claims, and clinical trial data as well as data collected from smartphone applications, wearable devices, social media, and personal genomics services; predictive analytics refers to innovative methods of analysis developed to overcome challenges associated with big data, including a variety of statistical techniques ranging from predictive modeling to machine learning to data mining...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884614/characteristics-of-inmates-who-misuse-prescription-medication
#7
Anthony C Tamburello, Archana Kathpal, Rusty Reeves
Substance use disorders are common among incarcerated individuals, and prescribed medications have been reported as abused, diverted, or otherwise misused in correctional settings. We conducted a retrospective chart review of electronic medical records and reports on institutional charges for misuse of authorized medication by inmates in the New Jersey Department of Corrections between 2003 and 2013. The most frequently cited medications for misuse were gabapentin, diphenhydramine, clonidine, and ibuprofen...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Correctional Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881318/alcohol-and-substance-use-diagnoses-among-hiv-positive-patients-receiving-care-in-nyc-clinic-settings
#8
Sitaji Gurung, Ana Ventuneac, Demetria Cain, Chloe Mirzayi, Christopher Ferraris, H Jonathon Rendina, Martha A Sparks, Jeffrey T Parsons
BACKGROUND: Substance use among HIV-positive persons exacerbates health problems. This study sought to estimate the prevalence of alcohol and drug-use diagnoses and examined hypothesized predictors associated with alcohol and drug-use diagnoses among HIV-positive patients in New York City (NYC). METHODS: This cohort study reviewed electronic medical records (EMRs) of 4965 HIV-positive patients based on diagnostic codes. These patients attended a comprehensive care clinic in NYC in 2012...
August 24, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872765/digital-therapy-in-diabetes
#9
REVIEW
Avivit Cahn, Amit Akirov, Itamar Raz
Diabetes care is largely dependent on patient self-management and empowerment, given that patients with diabetes must make numerous daily decisions of what to eat, when to exercise, and determine their insulin dose and timing if required. Additionally, patients and providers are generating vast amounts of data from many sources including electronic medical records, insulin pumps, sensors, glucometers, other wearables, as well as evolving genomic, proteomic, metabolomic and microbiomic data. Multiple digital tools and apps have been developed to assist patients to choose wisely, as well as enhance their compliance by employing motivational tools and incorporating incentives from social media and gaming techniques...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855857/a-health-information-system-for-scalable-and-comprehensive-assessment-of-well-being-a-multidisciplinary-team-solution
#10
Leming Zhou, Valerie Watzlaf, Paul Abernathy, Mervat Abdelhak
To improve the health and well-being of the medically underserved in a free clinic in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, a multidisciplinary team representing several health information management and information technology (IT) professionals, including faculty, students, researchers, and clinicians, created a novel IT system called imHealthy. The imHealthy system includes four critical components: a multidomain well-being questionnaire, a mobile app for data collection and tracking, a customization of an open-source electronic health record (EHR), and a data integration and well-being evaluation program leading to recommendations for personalized interventions to caregivers serving the medically underserved...
2017: Perspectives in Health Information Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852666/designing-a-model-of-patient-tracking-system-for-natural-disaster-in-iran
#11
Nahid Tavakoli, Mohammad H Yarmohammadian, Reza Safdari, Mahmoud Keyvanara
CONTEXT: Disaster patient tracking consists of identifying and registering patients, recording data on their medical conditions, settings priorities for evacuation of scene, locating the patients from scene to health care centers and then till completion of treatment and discharge. AIM: The aim of this study was to design a model of patient tracking system for natural disaster in Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This applied study was conducted in two steps in 2016...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852559/clinical-genomics-big-data-and-electronic-medical-records-reconciling-patient-rights-with-research-when-privacy-and-science-collide
#12
Jennifer Kulynych, Henry T Greely
Widespread use of medical records for research, without consent, attracts little scrutiny compared to biospecimen research, where concerns about genomic privacy prompted recent federal proposals to mandate consent. This paper explores an important consequence of the proliferation of electronic health records (EHRs) in this permissive atmosphere: with the advent of clinical gene sequencing, EHR-based secondary research poses genetic privacy risks akin to those of biospecimen research, yet regulators still permit researchers to call gene sequence data 'de-identified', removing such data from the protection of the federal Privacy Rule and federal human subjects regulations...
April 2017: Journal of Law and the Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834608/accuracy-of-self-reported-smoking-abstinence-in-clinical-trials-of-hospital-initiated-smoking-interventions
#13
Taneisha S Scheuermann, Kimber P Richter, Nancy A Rigotti, Sharon E Cummins, Kathleen F Harrington, Scott E Sherman, Shu-Hong Zhu, Hilary A Tindle, Kristopher J Preacher
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of failed biochemical verification of self-reported abstinence among participants enrolled in trials of hospital-initiated smoking cessation interventions. DESIGN: Comparison of characteristics between participants who verified and those who failed to verify self-reported abstinence. SETTINGS: Multi-site randomized clinical trials conducted between 2010 and 2014 in hospitals throughout the United States...
August 23, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826401/integrated-hiv-care-is-associated-with-improved-engagement-in-treatment-in-an-urban-methadone-clinic
#14
Claire Simeone, Brad Shapiro, Paula J Lum
BACKGROUND: Persons living with HIV and unhealthy substance use are often less engaged in HIV care, have higher morbidity and mortality and are at increased risk of transmitting HIV to uninfected partners. We developed a quality-improvement tracking system at an urban methadone clinic to monitor patients along the HIV care continuum and identify patients needing intervention. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate patient outcomes along the HIV Care Continuum at an urban methadone clinic and explore the relationship of HIV primary care site and patient demographic characteristics with retention in HIV treatment and viral suppression...
August 22, 2017: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811851/epidemiology-of-infective-endocarditis-in-rural-upstate-new-york-2011-2016
#15
Saeeda Fatima, Benajmin Dao, Ayesha Jameel, Konika Sharma, David Strogatz, Melissa Scribani, Harish Raj Seetha Rammohan
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of infective endocarditis (IE) depends on a number of host factors whose prevalence can vary globally. The usual patient population affected by IE is sicker and older, often with many comorbid conditions. The risk is growing in younger populations due to the emerging epidemic of intravenous (IV) drug use. We have performed a temporal trend analysis of various factors of IE in the rural counties covering a major part of central Upstate New York. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of electronic medical records of patients who were admitted in a tertiary care hospital in rural Upstate New York and diagnosed with IE from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798013/an-electronic-health-record-based-strategy-to-systematically-assess-medication-use-among-primary-care-patients-with-multidrug-regimens-feasibility-study
#16
Stacy Cooper Bailey, Christine U Oramasionwu, Alexandra C Infanzon, Emily R Pfaff, Izabela E Annis, Daniel S Reuland
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence and misuse are public health and patient safety concerns. With the increased adoption of electronic health records (EHRs), greater opportunities exist to communicate directly with, and collect data from, patients through secure portals linked to EHRs. OBJECTIVE: The study objectives were to develop and pilot test a method of monitoring patient medication use in outpatient settings and determine the feasibility and acceptability of this approach...
August 10, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780552/a-surveillance-study-to-determine-the-accuracy-of-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-diagnosis-in-an-emergency-department-protocol-for-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#17
Ilaria Pozzato, Ian D Cameron, Susanne Meares, Annette Kifley, Kim Van Vu, Anthony Liang, Mark Gillett, Ashley Craig, Bamini Gopinath
INTRODUCTION: Previous literature confirms that a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) may result in long-term emotional impacts and, in vulnerable subgroups, cognitive deficits. The accurate diagnosis of mTBI and its written documentation is an important first step towards providing appropriate and timely clinical care. Surveillance studies involving emergency department (ED) and hospital-based data need to be prioritised as these provide incident mTBI estimates. This project will advance existing research findings by estimating the occurrence of mTBI among those attending an ED and quantifying the accuracy of mTBI diagnoses recorded by ED staff through a comprehensive audit of ED records...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765137/childhood-respiratory-illness-presentation-and-service-utilisation-in-primary-care-a-six-year-cohort-study-in-wellington-new-zealand-using-natural-language-processing-nlp-software
#18
Anthony Dowell, Ben Darlow, Jayden Macrae, Maria Stubbe, Nikki Turner, Lynn McBain
OBJECTIVES: To identify childhood respiratory tract-related illness presentation rates and service utilisation in primary care by interrogating free text and coded data from electronic medical records. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. Data interrogation used a natural language processing software inference algorithm. SETTING: 36 primary care practices in New Zealand. Data analysed from January 2008 to December 2013. PARTICIPANTS: The records from 77 582 children enrolled were reviewed over a 6-year period to estimate the presentation of childhood respiratory illness and service utilisation...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761645/is-glycemia-control-in-canadians-with-diabetes-individualized-a-cross-sectional-observational-study
#19
Michael J Coons, Michelle Greiver, Babak Aliarzadeh, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Tyler Williamson, John Queenan, Catherine H Yu, David G White, Tara Kiran, Jennifer J Kane
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes guidelines recommend individualized glycemic targets: tighter control in younger, healthier patients and consideration of more moderate control in the elderly and those with coexisting illnesses. Our objective was to examine whether glycemic control varied by age and comorbidities in Canadian primary care. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from the electronic medical records of 537 primary care providers across Canada; 30 416 patients with diabetes, aged 40 or above, with at least one encounter and one hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) measurement between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753136/implementation-of-a-personalized-cost-effective-physical-therapy-approach-coach2move-for-older-adults-barriers-and-facilitators
#20
Arjan J W van de Sant, Nienke M de Vries, Thomas J Hoogeboom, Maria W G Nijhuis-van der Sanden
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This article reports on a recent randomized clinical trial that showed a personalized approach to physical therapy (Coach2Move) by a physical therapist specialized in geriatrics (PTG) to be more cost-effective than usual physical therapy care in people with mobility problems (n = 130, mean age = 78 years). METHODS: We used an explanatory mixed-methods sequential design alongside the randomized clinical trial to gain insight into (a) the contrast between the 2 interventions, (b) the fidelity of the Coach2Move delivery; (c) PTGs' experiences of Coach2Move; and (d) possible barriers and facilitators for future implementation...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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