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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644205/the-unrecognized-epidemic-of-electronic-cigarette-burns
#1
Jesus I Ramirez, Catherine A Ridgway, Jeanne G Lee, Bruce M Potenza, Soman Sen, Tina L Palmieri, David G Greenhalgh, Pirko Maguina
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are novel battery-operated devices that deliver nicotine as an inhaled aerosol. They originated from China in 2007 and their use has rapidly increased worldwide in the past decade, yet they remain largely unregulated. Reports of injuries associated with their use have appeared as unusual events in the news media and as case reports in the medical literature. This study was undertaken to explore e-cigarettes as a mechanism of burn injury. Referral records to three burn centers from January 2007 to July 2016 were searched to identify patients with injuries caused by e-cigarettes...
July 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639832/comparing-diagnostic-performance-of-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-and-full-field-digital-mammography-in-a-hybrid-screening-environment
#2
Catherine S Giess, Sarvenaz Pourjabbar, Ivan K Ip, Ronilda Lacson, Emily Alper, Ramin Khorasani
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic performance of screening digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) to that of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) in a mixed DBT and FFDM imaging environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective observational study consisted of all female patients undergoing screening DBT or FFDM at an academic medical center and outpatient imaging facility between October 2012 and May 2015. Patient demographics and personal history of breast cancer were collected from the electronic medical record...
June 22, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619704/applying-stopp-guidelines-in-primary-care-through-electronic-medical-record-decision-support-randomized-control-trial-highlighting-the-importance-of-data-quality
#3
Morgan Price, Iryna Davies, Raymond Rusk, Mary Lesperance, Jens Weber
BACKGROUND: Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions (PIPs) are a common cause of morbidity, particularly in the elderly. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand how the Screening Tool of Older People's Prescriptions (STOPP) prescribing criteria, implemented in a routinely used primary care Electronic Medical Record (EMR), could impact PIP rates in community (non-academic) primary care practices. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-method, pragmatic, cluster, randomized control trial in research naïve primary care practices...
June 15, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617975/incidence-of-parathyroid-disorders-in-an-indian-adult-male-population-a-25-year-follow-up-study
#4
K V S Hari Kumar, S K Patnaik
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Detailed information on the epidemiology of parathyroid disorders in India is lacking. Most of the available data pertain to primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) rather than the overall burden of parathyroid disorders. We studied the incidence of parathyroid disorders in a cohort of service personnel followed for a long duration. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: The data for this retrospective, descriptive epidemiological study were derived from the electronic medical records (EMR) of health care personnel enrolled between 1990 and 2015...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609000/the-role-of-informatics-in-patient-centered-care-and-personalized-medicine
#5
Matthew G Hanna, Liron Pantanowitz
The practice of cytopathology has dramatically changed due to advances in genomics and information technology. Cytology laboratories have accordingly become increasingly dependent on pathology informatics support to meet the emerging demands of precision medicine. Pathology informatics deals with information technology in the laboratory, and the impact of this technology on workflow processes and staff who interact with these tools. This article covers the critical role that laboratory information systems, electronic medical records, and digital imaging plays in patient-centered personalized medicine...
June 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603057/prevalence-of-eosinophilic-gastroenteritis-and-colitis-in-a-population-based-study-from-2012-to-2017
#6
Emad Mansoor, Mohannad Abou Saleh, Gregory S Cooper
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Although eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) has been extensively studied, there have been few epidemiology studies of other eosinophilic gastrointestinal disorders (EGIDs). Using a large, population-based database, we investigated epidemiologic features of eosinophilic gastroenteritis (EoGE), and colitis (EoC) in the United States (US). METHODS: We collected data from a commercial database (Explorys Inc, Cleveland, OH) that provided electronic health records from 26 major integrated US healthcare systems from 1999 to March 2017...
June 8, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598574/socioeconomic-status-and-the-development-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-hispanics-african-americans-and-non-hispanic-whites
#7
Eric Shulman, Faraj Kargoli, Philip Aagaard, Ethan Hoch, Luigi Di Biase, John Fisher, Jay Gross, Soo Kim, Kevin J Ferrick, Andrew Krumerman
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite having a higher burden of traditional AF risk factors, African American and Hispanic minorities have a lower incidence of AF when compared to non-Hispanic whites, referred to as the "racial paradox." HYPOTHESIS: Lower SES among Hispanics and African Americans may help to explain the lower incidence rates of AF compared to non-Hispanic whites...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590785/impact-of-renal-function-on-ischemic-stroke-and-major-bleeding-rates-in-nonvalvular-atrial-fibrillation-patients-treated-with-warfarin-or-rivaroxaban-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-real-world-evidence
#8
Matthew R Weir, Jeffrey S Berger, Veronica Ashton, François Laliberté, Kip Brown, Patrick Lefebvre, Jeffrey Schein
OBJECTIVES: Renal dysfunction is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, and is an independent predictor of stroke and systemic embolism. Nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients with renal dysfunction may face particularly high risk of thromboembolism and bleeding. The current retrospective cohort study was designed to assess the impact of renal function on ischemic stroke and major bleeding rates in NVAF patients in the real-world setting (outside a clinical trial)...
June 7, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584856/impact-of-an-electronic-medical-record-based-system-to-promote-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hepatitis-c-virus-screening-in-public-hospital-primary-care-clinics
#9
Matthew R Golden, Jeffery Duchin, Lisa D Chew, Jane H Huntington, Nancy Sugg, Sara Jackson, Aric Lane, Monica Pecha, Elizabeth Barash, John Scott
BACKGROUND: United States guidelines recommend that all adolescents and adults be tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and that persons born between 1945 and 1965 be tested for hepatitis C virus (HCV). METHODS: We used electronic medical record (EMR) data to identify patients in 3 primary care clinics in Seattle, Washington who met national criteria for routine HCV or HIV testing and had no documented history of prior testing. Clinic staff received daily lists of untested patients with scheduled appointments...
2017: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584837/hospital-managers-attitude-and-commitment-toward-electronic-medical-records-system-in-isfahan-hospitals-2014
#10
Maryam Jahanbakhsh, Saeed Karimi, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Maliheh Beigi
INTRODUCTION: Electronic medical record system (EMRS) is a valuable system for safe access to the patient's data and increases health care quality. Manpower is one of the requirements for EMRS, among which manager is the most important person in any hospital. Taking into account manager's positive attitude and good commitments, EMRS will be implemented successfully. As such, we decided to assess manager's attitude and commitment toward EMRS in Isfahan hospitals in the year of 2014. AIM: This article aimed to determine the hospital managers' attitude and commitment toward the implementation of EMRS...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570507/trends-in-prevalence-of-advanced-hiv-disease-at-antiretroviral-therapy-enrollment-10-countries-2004-2015
#11
Andrew F Auld, Ray W Shiraishi, Ikwo Oboho, Christine Ross, Moses Bateganya, Valerie Pelletier, Jacob Dee, Kesner Francois, Nirva Duval, Mayer Antoine, Chris Delcher, Gracia Desforges, Mark Griswold, Jean Wysler Domercant, Nadjy Joseph, Varough Deyde, Yrvel Desir, Joelle Deas Van Onacker, Ermane Robin, Helen Chun, Isaac Zulu, Ishani Pathmanathan, E Kainne Dokubo, Spencer Lloyd, Rituparna Pati, Jonathan Kaplan, Elliot Raizes, Thomas Spira, Kiren Mitruka, Aleny Couto, Eduardo Samo Gudo, Francisco Mbofana, Melissa Briggs, Charity Alfredo, Carla Xavier, Alfredo Vergara, Ndapewa Hamunime, Simon Agolory, Gram Mutandi, Naemi N Shoopala, Souleymane Sawadogo, Andrew L Baughman, Adebobola Bashorun, Ibrahim Dalhatu, Mahesh Swaminathan, Dennis Onotu, Solomon Odafe, Oseni Omomo Abiri, Henry H Debem, Hank Tomlinson, Velephi Okello, Peter Preko, Trong Ao, Caroline Ryan, George Bicego, Peter Ehrenkranz, Harrison Kamiru, Harriet Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha, Gideon Kwesigabo, Angela A Ramadhani, Kahemele Ng'wangu, Patrick Swai, Mohamed Mfaume, Ramadhani Gongo, Deborah Carpenter, Timothy D Mastro, Carol Hamilton, Julie Denison, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Olivier Koole, Kwasi Torpey, Seymour G Williams, Robert Colebunders, Julius N Kalamya, Alice Namale, Michelle R Adler, Bridget Mugisa, Sundeep Gupta, Sharon Tsui, Eric van Praag, Duc B Nguyen, Sheryl Lyss, Yen Le, Abu S Abdul-Quader, Nhan T Do, Modest Mulenga, Sebastian Hachizovu, Owen Mugurungi, Beth A Tippett Barr, Elizabeth Gonese, Tsitsi Mutasa-Apollo, Shirish Balachandra, Stephanie Behel, Trista Bingham, Duncan Mackellar, David Lowrance, Tedd V Ellerbrock
Monitoring prevalence of advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease (i.e., CD4+ T-cell count <200 cells/μL) among persons starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important to understand ART program outcomes, inform HIV prevention strategy, and forecast need for adjunctive therapies.*(,)(†)(,)(§) To assess trends in prevalence of advanced disease at ART initiation in 10 high-burden countries during 2004-2015, records of 694,138 ART enrollees aged ≥15 years from 797 ART facilities were analyzed...
June 2, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559747/structure-leveraged-methods-in-breast-cancer-risk-prediction
#12
Jun Fan, Yirong Wu, Ming Yuan, David Page, Jie Liu, Irene M Ong, Peggy Peissig, Elizabeth Burnside
Predicting breast cancer risk has long been a goal of medical research in the pursuit of precision medicine. The goal of this study is to develop novel penalized methods to improve breast cancer risk prediction by leveraging structure information in electronic health records. We conducted a retrospective case-control study, garnering 49 mammography descriptors and 77 high-frequency/low-penetrance single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from an existing personalized medicine data repository. Structured mammography reports and breast imaging features have long been part of a standard electronic health record (EHR), and genetic markers likely will be in the near future...
December 2016: Journal of Machine Learning Research: JMLR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558663/reasons-for-never-and-intermittent-completion-of-colorectal-cancer-screening-after-receiving-multiple-rounds-of-mailed-fecal-tests
#13
Beverly B Green, June BlueSpruce, Leah Tuzzio, Sally W Vernon, L Aubree Shay, Sheryl L Catz
BACKGROUND: Long-term adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is particularly important for fecal testing. Some U.S. studies report that only 25% of individuals repeat fecal testing annually. The purpose of this qualitative study was to identify barriers and facilitators reported by patients with suboptimal screening adherence to refine interventions for starting ongoing adherence to CRC screening. We also explored whether participants, particularly never screeners, would be willing to do a CRC screening blood test...
May 30, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553751/patient-centered-care-in-small-primary-care-practices-in-new-york-city-recognition-versus-reality
#14
Margaret M Paul, Stephanie L Albert, Tod Mijanovich, Sarah C Shih, Carolyn A Berry
BACKGROUND: The Primary Care Information Project (PCIP) is a program administered by the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene to help primary care providers adopt a fully functional electronic health record (EHR) and focus on population health. PCIP also offers practices assistance with the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA) patient-centered medical home (PCMH) recognition application. The objectives of this study were to assess the presence of key dimensions of PCMH among PCIP practices with 5 or fewer providers and to determine whether and to what extent NCQA recognition was related to the presence of these dimensions...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Primary Care & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551053/socio-environmental-risk-factors-for-medically-attended-agricultural-injuries-in-wisconsin-dairy-farmers
#15
Jeffrey J VanWormer, Kathrine L Barnes, Stephen C Waring, Matthew C Keifer
BACKGROUND: Accidents are common in the agricultural industry, particularly among dairy farmers. How said farmers get hurt is well established, but far less is known about how distal, socio-environmental factors influence injuries. This study examined associations between medically-attended agricultural injuries and: (1) personal sociodemographic characteristics, and (2) farm environment features and general safety practices. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was implemented with linked data from electronic health records on prior agricultural injuries that occurred between 01/01/2002-12/31/2015...
May 21, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548973/beneficial-effects-of-two-types-of-personal-health-record-services-connected-with-electronic-medical-records-within-the-hospital-setting
#16
Jisan Lee, James G Boram Kim, Meiling Jin, Kiwhan Ahn, Byungjun Kim, Sukwha Kim, Jeongeun Kim
Healthcare consumers must be able to make decisions based on accurate health information. To assist with this, we designed and developed an integrated system connected with electronic medical records in hospitals to ensure delivery of accurate health information. The system-called the Consumer-centered Open Personal Health Record platform-is composed of two services: a portal for users with any disease and a mobile application for users with cleft lip/palate. To assess the benefits of these services, we used a quasi-experimental, pretest-posttest design, assigning participants to the portal (n = 50) and application (n = 52) groups...
May 26, 2017: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545514/a-coordinated-pcp-cardiologist-telemedicine-model-pctm-in-china-s-community-hypertension-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Lei Xu, Wei-Yi Fang, Fu Zhu, Hong-Guang Zhang, Kai Liu
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and its control rate has remained low worldwide. Studies have found that telemonitoring blood pressure (BP) helped control hypertension in randomized controlled trials. However, little is known about its effect in a structured primary care model in which primary care physicians (PCPs) are partnering with cardiology specialists in electronic healthcare data sharing and medical interventions. This study aims to identify the effects of a coordinated PCP-cardiologist model that applies telemedicine tools to facilitate community hypertension control in China...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528753/healthcare-access-and-quality-index-based-on-mortality-from-causes-amenable-to-personal-health-care-in-195-countries-and-territories-1990-2015-a-novel-analysis-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: National levels of personal health-care access and quality can be approximated by measuring mortality rates from causes that should not be fatal in the presence of effective medical care (ie, amenable mortality). Previous analyses of mortality amenable to health care only focused on high-income countries and faced several methodological challenges. In the present analysis, we use the highly standardised cause of death and risk factor estimates generated through the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) to improve and expand the quantification of personal health-care access and quality for 195 countries and territories from 1990 to 2015...
May 18, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527640/influences-on-patient-satisfaction-among-patients-who-use-emergency-departments-frequently-for-pain-related-complaints
#19
Patricia Newcomb, Marian Wilson, Ralph Baine, Terence McCarthy, Nicholas Penny, Caroline Nixon, Justin Orren
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this study was to assess relationships between opioid prescribing practices, patient and ED attributes, and patient satisfaction ratings of nursing and physician care among patients with high utilization of the emergency department for pain relief. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to examine 305 individual patient satisfaction surveys from users with high ED utilization for pain complaints. Responses were compared with an age-matched control group (n = 305) of nonfrequent ED users...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527495/consumer-mobile-health-apps-current-state-barriers-and-future-directions
#20
REVIEW
Cheng-Kai Kao, David M Liebovitz
This paper discusses the current state, barriers, and future directions of consumer-facing applications (apps). There are currently more than 165,000 mobile health apps publicly available in major app stores, the vast majority of which are designed for patients. The top 2 categories are wellness management and disease management apps, whereas other categories include self-diagnosis, medication reminder, and electronic patient portal apps. Apps specific to physical medicine and rehabilitation also are reviewed...
May 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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