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Vanessa L Beesley, Chalachew Alemayehu, Penelope M Webb
PURPOSE: This review aimed to determine the prevalence of met and unmet needs, and the risk factors for unmet needs among people affected by gynaecological cancer. METHODS: The review was undertaken using the PRISMA guidelines. Eligible studies were identified though a range of electronic databases in October and November 2016. Study quality was independently appraised by two people. RESULTS: Thirty-seven studies were included (1 review, 24 quantitative and 12 qualitative)...
December 4, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Gabriela E Jones, Sahar Mansour
Lymphoedema is the build-up of lymphatic fluid leading to swelling in the tissues. Most commonly it affects the peripheries. Diagnosis is based on clinical assessment and imaging with lymphoscintigraphy. Treatment is supportive with compression garments, massage, good skin hygiene and prompt use of antibiotics to avoid the complication of cellulitis. Most commonly, lymphoedema occurs as a result of damage to the lymphatic system following surgery, trauma, radiation or infection. However, it can be primary, often associated with a genetic defect that causes disruption to the development of the lymphatic system...
December 2017: Clinical Medicine: Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of London
Mary Mullins, Karen Bock, Animesh Bhatia
The rates of chronic oedema in the US continue to grow from multiple causative factors. One such factor is the skyrocketing rates of morbid obesity. There are about 40 million obese people in the US today. Among those people, the prevalence rate of lymphoedema is 74% ( Fife and Carter, 2008 ). Treatment usually involves some type of compression for life, but that is easier said than done. Many patients with chronic oedema have dexterity issues or have limited abilities to put on tight compression options. This article explores a product that has just been recently launched on the market: the Extremit-Ease® compression garment...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
T Channa Yahathugoda, Mirani V Weerasooriya, Wilfred A Samarawickrema, Eisaku Kimura, Makoto Itoh
Alleviating morbidity due to lymphatic filariasis (LF)-especially in elderly patients who are rather ignorant-is presently the biggest challenge for the national filariasis campaign. We introduced two follow-up schemes and compared each other to address three key programmatic issues (1) locating patients, (2) educating patients, family members on practice of lymphoedema self-care (3) well sustained daily self-care. Hundred and seven lymphoedema patients were introduced to the new Community Home Based Care (CHBC) programme as a part of MMDP programme at their homes...
November 22, 2017: Parasitology International
Annette Loudon, Tony Barnett, Andrew D Williams, Denis Visentin, Maarten A Immink, Neil Piller
Breast cancer-related lymphoedema (BCRL) is a chronic condition that requires lifelong management to prevent the condition worsening and to reduce the threat of infection. Women are affected in all domains of their life. As a holistic practice, yoga may be of benefit by reducing both the physical and psychosocial effects of lymphoedema. Women with BCRL are attending yoga classes in increasing numbers, so it is essential that yoga be based on principles that ensure lymphoedema is controlled and not exacerbated...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Anna Kocher, Évelyne Lavaux-Barriac
Lymphoedema, primary and secondary after cancer treatment, is a chronic condition which has a significant impact on patients' quality of life. Therapeutic education plays an important role in the initial care and in the follow-up of these conditions.
November 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
Ioan Humphreys, Melanie J Thomas
Lymphoedema Network Wales has focused on maximising the impact of its service through the effective use of available resources to ensure high-quality and consistent care for people with lymphoedema across Wales. The aim of this evaluation was to estimate the economic impact of a national lymphoedema service on the NHS Wales budget. Work was undertaken to determine the care pathway within Lymphoedema Network Wales and develop a hypothetical 'world without' the service as a comparator. The four groups of patients that made up the pathways were group 0: 'at risk', group 1-2: 'uncomplicated lymphoedema', group 3: 'complicated/complex' and group 4: 'palliative care'...
November 9, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Paula I Gonzalez-Ericsson, Monica V Estrada, Rami Al-Rohil, Melinda E Sanders
We describe a 44-year-old female with triple-negative breast cancer who developed skin erythaema, sclerosis and contracture of her entire right breast 15 months after completion of post-lumpectomy chemotherapy and radiotherapy, consistent with post-irradiation morphoea (PIM). PIM is a rare complication of breast irradiation that impairs a patient's quality of life. PIM is located usually at the radiation port or in the surrounding tissue. Clinically, PIM is misdiagnosed commonly as lymphoedema and cellulitis in the early inflammatory phase, and recurrent breast cancer, chronic radiodermatitis (CRD), radiation-induced fibrosis (RIF), post-irradiation pseudosclerodermatous panniculitis (PIPP), atypical vascular lesions (AVL) or angiosarcoma (AS) in the late burnout phase...
August 14, 2017: Histopathology
Muska Khpal, James R C Miller, Zika Petrovic, Delilah Hassanally
BACKGROUND: Axillary node dissection has a central role in the surgical management of breast cancer; however, it is associated with a significant risk of lymphoedema and chronic pain. Peri-operative administration of local anesthesia reduces acute and persistent post-surgical pain, but there is currently no consensus on the optimal method of local anesthetic delivery. METHODS: Patients undergoing axillary dissection for breast cancer were randomly assigned to receive a one-off dose of levobupivacaine 0...
October 26, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Haji Khairul Abd Kadir, Jagjeeth Naik, Coonoor R Chandrasekar
A 74-year-old woman presented with an 8-year history of unilateral swelling of her right lower limb, which was thought to be 'idiopathic' lymphoedema until she noticed a painless swelling in her right groin. Physical examination showed a painless, non-pulsatile, deep-seated mass in her right proximal thigh with significant lymphoedema distally. MRI scan showed a large mass at her right inguinal region, involving the common femoral vein. Histological examination on complete excision revealed leiomyosarcoma. It is important to exclude proximal obstructive lesion before making a diagnosis of unilateral idiopathic lower limb lymphoedema...
October 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
Vaughan Keeley
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite being neglected both clinically and in research in the past, primary lymphoedema, and lymphoedema secondary to cancer treatment have been the subject of an increasing number of studies in recent years. This review will focus on new developments relevant to clinical practice. RECENT FINDINGS: The main themes covered by the review include the incidence and prevalence of lymphoedema, early detection and intervention in cancer-related lymphoedema, risk reduction for the development of cancer-related lymphoedema, surgical treatment, palliative care for lymphoedema in advanced cancer and developments in the genetics of primary lymphoedema...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Supportive and Palliative Care
Vijay Surampalli, Srinath Ramaswamy, Deepanjali Surendran, Chanaveerappa Bammigatti, Rathinam Palamalai Swaminathan
Primary Intestinal Lymphangiectasia (PIL) is a rare disease of unknown aetiology which presents in the paediatric age group with anasarca, diarrhoea, hypoproteinaemia, lymphoedema and chylous effusions. Tuberculosis, filariasis, chest trauma, malignancies and haematological disorders usually contribute to most cases of secondary lymphangiectasia and chylous effusions. We hereby describe a case of PIL presenting with chylous effusions which remained undiagnosed for eight years.
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Jonathan A Frost, Katie E Webster, Andrew Bryant, Jo Morrison
BACKGROUND: This is an update of a previous Cochrane review published in Issue 1, 2010 and updated in Issue 9, 2015. The role of lymphadenectomy in surgical management of endometrial cancer remains controversial. Lymph node metastases can be found in approximately 10% of women who before surgery are thought to have cancer confined to the womb. Removal of all pelvic and para-aortic lymph nodes (lymphadenectomy) at initial surgery has been widely advocated, and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy remains part of the FIGO (International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics) staging system for endometrial cancer...
October 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Stacy Pugh, Charlotte Stubbs, Ali Batchelor
This article will detail the findings of 4 case studies following a product evaluation of a JOBST Bella Lite combined armsleeve for mild to moderate lymphoedema, while discussing the assessment and management of upper limb lymphoedema. Holistic assessment and consideration of psychosocial impact on the patient will be discussed briefly along with guidance on how to determine those 'at risk' of developing the condition.
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Jane Wigg, Garry Cooper
Lymphoedema management has evolved over many decades, but the core components of treatment remain largely unaltered, such as skin care, compression and self-lymphatic drainage. Near-infrared fluorescence lymphatic imaging (NIRFLI) offers an opportunity to enhance patient outcomes by evaluating and increasing the effectiveness of these treatment options. This is relevant when we consider the impact of this chronic condition and its endemic proportions ( Mortimer, 2014 ), while Moffatt et al (2017) suggests it is one of the biggest health risks in the Western world, due to the multiple causes, such as cancer, obesity and as a complication of an ageing population...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Andy Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Rebecca Elwell, Dawn Heal, Lindsey Lister
Lymphoedema results from a failure of the lymphatic system. The consequences are swelling, skin and tissue changes and predisposition to infection. Lipoedema, however, results from the predisposition of an excessive number of fat cells in the lower limbs, typically from the ankle to the waist. Management for lymphoedema consists of volume reduction, reduction in shape distortion and improvement of skin condition. Treatment consists of a two-phase approach including an intensive and maintenance phase. The maintenance stage of treatment or self-care consists of skin care, exercise and compression garments...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Anya Miller
Lymphoedema is a chronic disease affecting the patients' quality of life (QoL) especially with regard to mobility and daily activities. Lymphoedema cannot be cured but symptoms can effectively be improved by a comprehensive approach and the continuous use of compression therapy. An appropriate fitted compression garment is essential for compliance and thus a prerequisite for successful lymphoedema management. Compression garments with bulky seams are not only uncomfortable they also can lead to severe pressure marks or even reduce the mobility and function of the affected limb, which may negatively impact the already reduced QoL of lymphoedema patients...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Lindsey Lister, Rhian Noble-Jones
The purpose of this article is to present an evidence-based rationale for lymphoedema compression bandaging, one aspect of treatment for a patient with complex lower limb lymphoedema. The current health care climate requires treatment decisions to be transparent, based on the best available evidence. The challenge faced by community nurses is to formulate treatment plans which incorporate patients' preferences and best use limited resources provided by clinical environments. The article appraises research in order to formulate a suitable treatment plan and provides discussion and reflection regarding the challenges faced by the nursing profession in achieving evidence-based practice...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
Lauren Balcombe, Charne Miller, William McGuiness
Compression therapy is used in the treatment of venous disorders, lymphoedema and burns. Adherence to compression therapy is reported to be poor, due to a number of factors, including difficulty in applying and removing the compression garments. A literature review was conducted to identify aids, equipment and other approaches to ease the application and removal of compression therapy garments. Some 12 studies were identified. Most studies focused on chronic venous insufficiency and venous ulcers. Four methods of easing compression garment application and removal were identified: (1) devices to assist in application and removal; (2) altered compression stocking design; (3) adjustable compression wrap devices; and (4) education...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
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