Read by QxMD icon Read

Infectious complications hemodialysis

M El Amrani, M Asserraji, A Bahadi, D El Kabbaj, M Benyahia
Chronic uremia puts patients at increased risk of infectious complications, in particular, tuberculosis. In this prospective study, we analyzed the clinical, paraclinical, and therapeutic features as well as outcome for all patients on chronic hemodialysis with tuberculosis from January 2010 through August 2012. Sixty-one patients were admitted for bacterial infections, 23% of them for tuberculosis. Fever was present in 71% of cases, and CRP elevated in all cases. The tuberculin skin test was positive in only 2 of 9 cases, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolated in 2 of 10 cases...
August 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Tomoyasu Yoshihiro, Tsuyoshi Muta, Kenichi Aoki, Syo Shimamoto, Yasuhisa Tamura, Ryosuke Ogawa
We describe two hemodialysis patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) treated with azacitidine. A 65-year-old woman (case 1) received azacitidine at 75 mg/m(2) for 7 days, and a 52-year-old man (case 2) with liver cirrhosis received a 70% dose of azacitidine. Both cases developed grade 4 cytopenia, but they achieved transfusion independence after 3 and 2 courses, and the durations of remission were 10 and 11 months, respectively. Case 1 had the complication of febrile neutropenia (FN) twice during the 1(st) and 2(nd) courses, but continued to receive azacitidine treatment thereafter...
August 2016: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
Dirk G Struijk
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) for the treatment of end-stage renal failure was introduced in the 1960s. Nowadays it has evolved to an established therapy that is complementary to hemodialysis (HD), representing 11% of all patients treated worldwide with dialysis. Despite good clinical outcomes and similar results in patient survival between PD and HD, the penetration of PD is decreasing in the Western world. SUMMARY: First the major events in the history of the development of PD are described...
December 2015: Kidney Diseases
Evan R Brownie, Clark D Kensinger, Irene D Feurer, Derek E Moore, David Shaffer
OBJECTIVE: With improvements in medical management and survival of patients with end-stage renal disease, maintaining durable vascular access is increasingly challenging. This study compared primary, assisted primary, and secondary patency, and procedure-specific complications, and evaluated whether the number of interventions to maintain or restore patency differed between prosthetic femoral-femoral looped inguinal access (thigh) grafts and Hemodialysis Reliable Outflow (HeRO; Hemosphere Inc, Minneapolis, Minn) grafts...
July 18, 2016: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Giacomo Forneris, Marco Trogolo, Pasqualina Cecere, Daniele Savio, Dario Roccatello
The Venous Window Needle Guide (VWING™) has recently been proposed for patients with difficult arteriovenous fistula (AVF) access for hemodialysis due to deep vessels or other cannulation-related problems. This totally subcutaneous titanium device is sutured onto the upper wall of the matured fistula and may facilitate cannulation by the button-hole technique. We describe our initial experience with nine implants in six patients with a cumulative follow-up of 83 months, and make some experience-based technical suggestions for implant and surveillance radiological imaging...
June 24, 2016: Journal of Nephrology
Sarah D Kosa, Cynthia Bhola, Charmaine E Lok
PURPOSE: To understand the patient's perspective on complications associated with vascular access-related interventions. METHODS: A multi-stage comprehensive questionnaire of over 150 items was administered to 140 in-center hemodialysis patients in a large, Toronto-based academic-based facility from May 1, 2011 until July 1, 2014. The questionnaire was divided into three domains: physical complications, disruption to routine, and infection. For each of the 12 prespecified vascular access interventions, there were 9 items about the associated complications...
July 12, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Navneet Sharma, Manisha Biswal, Abhay Kumar, Kamran Zaman, Sanjay Jain, Ashish Bhalla
Scrub typhus, a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium Orientia tsutsugamushi, has become endemic in many parts of India. We studied the clinical profile of this infection in 228 patients that reported to this tertiary care center from July 2013 to December 2014. The median age of patients was 35 years (interquartile range = 24.5-48.5 years), and 111 were males and 117 females. A high-grade fever occurred in 85%, breathlessness in 42%, jaundice in 32%, abdominal pain in 28%, renal failure in 11%, diarrhea in 10%, rashes in 9%, and seizures in 7%...
August 3, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Badreddine Ben Kaab, Rania Kheder, Héla Jbali, Wided Smaoui, Madiha Krid, Lamia Raies, Lilia Ben Fatma, Souméya Béji, Med Karim Zouaghi, Fatma Ben Moussa
BACKGROUND: Vascular access is a basic and essential tool required for performing renal replacement therapy in end stage renal disease. AIM: To study the indications of tunneled catheter (KTT) in hemodialysis (HD), identify complications related to the use of KTT and contributing factors, assess the survival and performance of the technique. INTRODUCTION: The making of a vascular access is an angular piece for adequate HD and in good conditions...
December 2015: La Tunisie Médicale
Ewa Ignacak, Grażyna Wyrwicz-Zielińska, Izabela Krzysztonek-Weber, Władysław Sułowicz
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a frequent and serious complication in patients with cardiovascular disease. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of death in patients with AKI complicating severe cardiovascular diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 246 patients surveys (157 men and 89 women aged 67.9 ± 14.8 years) with AKI in the course of severe cardiovascular diseases, hospitalized in intensive care units and words of nephrological profile in years 2000-2011 were performed...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Patrick G Lan, Philip A Clayton, David W Johnson, Stephen P McDonald, Monique Borlace, Kamal Sud, Sunil V Badve, Neil Boudville
♦ Background: Although technique failure is a key outcome in peritoneal dialysis (PD), there is currently no agreement on a uniform definition. We explored different definitions of PD technique failure using data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry. ♦ Methods: We included 16,612 incident PD patients in Australia and New Zealand from January 1998 to December 2012. Different definitions of technique failure were applied according to the minimum number of days (30, 60, 90, 180, or 365) the patient received hemodialysis after cessation of PD...
May 4, 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Sepideh Elyasi, Hossein Khalili
PURPOSE: Utilization of higher doses of vancomycin to achieve the trough concentrations of 15-20 mg/L for complicated infections has been recommended by the Infectious Diseases Society of America clinical practice guideline in recent years. Concerning this recommendation, several nomograms have been constructed targeting this optimal trough level range in different populations of patients. In this review, we have collected available nomograms targeting high trough serum levels of vancomycin, particularly comparing their advantages and limitations...
July 2016: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Viviane Pollo, Danielle Dionízio, Edwa Maria Bucuvic, João Henrique Castro, Daniela Ponce
Introduction Thrombosis of tunneled central venous catheters (CVC) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is common and it can lead to the elimination of vascular sites. To compare the efficacy of alteplase vs. urokinase in reestablishing adequate blood flow through completely occluded vascular catheters. Methods In this randomized study, patients with completely occluded tunneled HD catheters received 40 minutes intracatheter dwell with alteplase (1 mg/mL) or urokinase (5000 IU/mL). Primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with occluded catheters achieving post-thrombolytic blood flow of ≥250 mL/min...
July 2016: Hemodialysis International
Róbert Novotný, Marcela Slavíková, Jaroslav Hlubocký, Petr Mitáš, Jan Hrubý, Jaroslav Lindner
INTRODUCTION: The quality of the life in patients requiring long term hemodialysis is directly proportional to the long-term patency of their vascular access. Basilic vein transposition for vascular access (BAVA) represents a suitable option for creating a tertiary native vascular access for hemodialysis on the upper extremities for patients requiring long term hemodialysis. The purpose of the study is to compare BAVAs with arteriovenous grafts (AVG). METHOD: Data collection was based on selecting all of the patients with BAVA created in the time period in between January 1996 and August 2011...
2016: Open Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Kaoutar Flayou, Naima Ouzeddoun, Rabia Bayahia, Hakima Rhou, Loubna Benamar
Peritoneal dialysis is a new renal replacement therapy recently introduced in Morocco since 2006. Continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis has proven to be as effective as hemodialysis. However, it is associated with several complications. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of complications in patients treated with peritoneal dialysis at our center. The nature of non-infectious complications was noted during follow-up in these patients. Fiftyseven complications were noted among 34 patients between June 2006 and June 2014...
January 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
Umberto G Rossi, Pierluca Torcia, Paolo Rigamonti, Francesca Colombo, Antonino Giordano, Maurizio Gallieni, Maurizio Cariati
Malfunctioning tunneled hemodialysis central venous catheters (CVCs), because of thrombotic or infectious complications, are frequently exchanged. During the CVC exchanging procedure, there are several possible technical complications, as in first insertion, including air embolism. Prevention remains the key to the management of air embolism. Herein, we emphasize the technical tricks capable of reducing the risk of air embolism in long-term CVC exchange. In particular, adoption of a 5 to 10 degrees Trendelenburg position, direct puncture of the previous CVC venous lumen for guide-wire insertion, as opposed to guide-wire introduction after cutting the CVC, a light manual compression of the internal jugular vein venotomy site after catheter removal...
March 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
Clémence Béchade, Tony Goovaerts, Philippe Cougnet, Laura Labriola, Michel Jadoul, Eric Goffin
BACKGROUND: Buttonhole cannulation (BHC) has been associated with a greater risk of arteriovenous fistula (AVF)-related infections and septicemia than the rope ladder cannulation (RLC) in in-center hemodialysis (HD). Such infections have never been studied in satellite HD units. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective single center study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANT: All patients in our satellite HD unit using a native AVF from 1 January, 1990, to 31 December, 2012...
2015: PloS One
Néstor Daniel Robles-Vázquez, María Alejandra Aguilar-Kitsu, Leticia Mendoza-Guevara, María Guadalupe Miranda-Novales
BACKGROUND: Annually, 5000 children younger than 20 years of age and 200 younger than two-years require treatment for chronic kidney disease (CKD). The objective was to estimate the incidence rate of infectious complications in children requiring renal replacement therapy. METHODS: Retrospective cohort. Patients with a minimum of three months of follow-up in programs of peritoneal dialysis and hemodyalisis were included. The incidence rate for infections associated to replacement therapy was calculated...
2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
T Barton, S Moir, H Rehmani, I Woolley, T M Korman, R L Stuart
Healthcare-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (HA-SAB) is an increasingly frequently observed complication of medical treatment. Current guidelines recommend evaluation with echocardiography and preferably transesophageal echocardiography for the exclusion of infectious endocarditis (IE). We performed a retrospective analysis of all patients with HA-SAB between 1 January 2007 and 31 July 2012. Patients were divided into those with a high degree of clinical suspicion of IE (prosthetic intracardiac device, hemodialysis or positive blood cultures for 4 days or more) or those with a low degree of clinical suspicion of IE (absence of high-risk features based on previous literature as strong indicators of endocarditis)...
January 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Ali M A Alkatheeri, Peter G Blake, Daryl Gray, Arsh K Jain
UNLABELLED:BACKGROUND: Many patients start renal replacement therapy urgently on in-center hemodialysis via a central venous catheter, which is considered suboptimal. An alternative approach to manage these patients is to start them on peritoneal dialysis (PD). In this report, we describe the first reported Canadian experience with an urgent-start PD program. Additionally we reviewed the literature in this area. ♦ METHODS: In this prospective observational study, we report on our experience in a single academic center...
March 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Nikos Sabanis, Eleni Paschou, Eleni Gavriilaki, Maria Mourounoglou, Sotirios Vasileiou
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is one of the most common monogenic disorders and the leading inheritable cause of end-stage renal disease worldwide. Cystic and noncystic extrarenal manifestations are correlated with variable clinical presentations so that an inherited disorder is now considered a systemic disease. Kidney and liver cystic infections are the most common infectious complications in ADPKD patients. Furthermore, it is well known that ADPKD is commonly associated with colonic diverticular disease which recently has been reported to be linked to increased risk of infection on hemodialysis patients...
2015: Case Reports in Nephrology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"