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Diabetes type I

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933514/changes-in-cardiac-repolarisation-during-spontaneous-nocturnal-hypoglycaemia-in-subjects-with-type-1-diabetes-a-preliminary-report
#1
Minna L Koivikko, Tuomas Kenttä, Pasi I Salmela, Heikki V Huikuri, Juha S Perkiömäki
AIMS: Experimental studies have revealed that hypoglycaemia can result in morphological changes in electrocardiographic repolarisation in subjects with type 1 diabetes. However, the influence of spontaneous nocturnal hypoglycaemia on repolarisation morphology in a 'real life' situation is not clear. METHODS: Adults with type 1 diabetes (n = 11) underwent continuous glucose monitoring with a subcutaneous sensor and digital 12-lead ECG recording for three nights...
December 8, 2016: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933333/discriminatory-ability-of-simple-ogtt-based-beta-cell-function-indices-for-prediction-of-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-the-codam-study
#2
Louise J C J den Biggelaar, Simone J S Sep, Simone J P M Eussen, Andrea Mari, Ele Ferrannini, Marleen M J van Greevenbroek, Carla J H van der Kallen, Casper G Schalkwijk, Coen D A Stehouwer, Pieter C Dagnelie
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: The hyperglycaemic clamp technique and the frequently sampled IVGTT are unsuitable techniques to assess beta cell function (BCF) in large cohorts. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the discriminatory ability of simple OGTT-based BCF indices for prediction of prediabetes (meaning impaired fasting glucose and/or impaired glucose tolerance) and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Glucose metabolism status was assessed by 2 h 75 g OGTT at baseline (n = 476, mean age 59...
December 8, 2016: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932091/octogenarian-donors-in-liver-transplantation
#3
M Gastaca, M Guerra, L Alvarez Martinez, P Ruiz, A Ventoso, I Palomares, M Prieto, A Matarranz, A Valdivieso, J Ortiz de Urbina
INTRODUCTION: Due to the disparity between the number of patients on the list for liver transplantation and the availability of organs, the use of older donors has become necessary. The aim of this study was to investigate the outcomes of liver transplantation using octogenarian donors. METHODS: From December 2003 to February 2016, 777 liver transplantations were performed at our institution, 33 of them (4.2%) with donors 80 years old and above. Our policy for the acceptance of these donors is based on preoperative liver function tests, donor hemodynamic stability, and intraoperative normal gross aspect...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928772/barriers-and-facilitators-to-healthy-lifestyle-changes-in-minority-ethnic-populations-in-the-uk-a-narrative-review
#4
Naina Patel, Harriet Batista Ferrer, Freya Tyrer, Paula Wray, Azhar Farooqi, Melanie J Davies, Kamlesh Khunti
Minority ethnic populations experience a disproportionate burden of health inequalities compared with the rest of the population, including an increased risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The purpose of this narrative review was to explore knowledge and attitudes around diabetes, physical activity and diet and identify barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority ethnic populations in the UK. The narrative review focused on three key research topics in relation to barriers and facilitators to healthy lifestyle changes in minority adult ethnic populations: (i) knowledge and attitudes about diabetes risk; (ii) current behaviours and knowledge about physical activity and diet; and (iii) barriers and facilitators to living a healthier lifestyle...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928138/essential-oil-composition-antioxidant-antidiabetic-and-antihypertensive-properties-of-two-afromomum-species
#5
Stephen Adeniyi Adefegha, Tosin Abiola Olasehinde, Ganiyu Oboh
This study was designed to assess the antioxidant, antidiabetic and antihypertensive effects of essential oils from A. melegueta and A. danielli seeds. The essential oils were extracted via hydrodistillation, dried with anhydrous Na2SO4 and characterized using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Antioxidant properties and inhibition of some pro-oxidant induced lipid peroxidation in rats' pancreas and heart homogenates were also determined. The results revealed that eugenol, eucalyptol, α-terpineol, α-caryophyllene and β-caryophyllene were the most abundant components in A...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926892/do-mobile-phone-applications-improve-glycemic-control-hba1c-in-the-self-management-of-diabetes-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-grade-of-14-randomized-trials
#6
REVIEW
Can Hou, Ben Carter, Jonathan Hewitt, Trevor Francisa, Sharon Mayor
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mobile phone applications (apps) on glycemic control (HbA1c) in the self-management of diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Relevant studies that were published between 1 January 1996 and 1 June 2015 were searched from five databases: Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and Embase. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated diabetes apps were included. We conducted a systematic review with meta-analysis and GRADE (Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation) of the evidence...
November 2016: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926682/clinical-outcomes-of-nonunions-of-hindfoot-and-ankle-fusions
#7
Fabian Krause, Alastair S E Younger, Judith F Baumhauer, Timothy R Daniels, Mark Glazebrook, Peter T Evangelista, Michael S Pinzur, Gowreeson Thevendran, Rafe M J Donahue, Christopher W DiGiovanni
BACKGROUND: While nonunion after foot and ankle fusion surgery has been associated with poor outcomes, we are not aware of any longitudinal study on this subject. Thus, we prospectively evaluated the impact of nonunion on clinical outcomes of foot and ankle fusions and identified potential risk factors for nonunion after these procedures. METHODS: Using data from a randomized clinical trial on recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB; Augment Bone Graft, BioMimetic Therapeutics), union was defined either by assessment of computed tomography (CT) scans at 24 weeks by a reviewer blinded to the type of treatment or by the surgeon's composite assessment of clinical and radiographic findings at 52 weeks and CT findings at 24 or 36 weeks...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923970/an-exploratory-study-of-the-impact-of-gender-on-health-behavior-among-african-american-and-latino-men-with-type-2-diabetes
#8
Jaclynn Hawkins, Daphne C Watkins, Edith Kieffer, Michael Spencer, Gretchen Piatt, Emily J Nicklett, Alana Lebron, Nicolaus Espitia, Gloria Palmisano
This study explores gender values and beliefs among Latino and African American men with diabetes and examines how these values and beliefs may influence their health behaviors. Participants were recruited from individuals who participated in one of three Racial and Ethnic Approaches to Community Health Detroit Partnership diabetes self-management interventions. One focus group was conducted with African American men (n = 10) and two focus groups were conducted with Latino men (n = 12) over a 3-month period...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923100/effects-of-air-pollution-exposure-on-glucose-metabolism-in-los-angeles-minority-children
#9
C M Toledo-Corral, T L Alderete, R Habre, K Berhane, F W Lurmann, M J Weigensberg, M I Goran, F D Gilliland
OBJECTIVES: Growing evidence indicates that ambient (AAP: NO2 , PM2.5 and O3 ) and traffic-related air pollutants (TRAP) contribute to metabolic disease risk in adults; however, few studies have examined these relationships in children. METHODS: Metabolic profiling was performed in 429 overweight and obese African-American and Latino youth living in urban Los Angeles, California. This cross-sectional study estimated individual residential air pollution exposure and used linear regression to examine relationships between air pollution and metabolic outcomes...
December 6, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921437/-adaptation-of-adipose-tissue-to-weight-reduction-energy-restricted-diet-in-obese-individuals
#10
Vladimír Štich
Obesity is associated with a number of metabolic disorders that lead to the development of type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia and ultimately cardiovascular diseases. An important role in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders accompanying obesity is probably played by the alterations of adipose tissue characteristics: metabolic, endocrine and immune functions. The key component of obesity treatment, the weight-reduction energy-restricted diet, leads not only to the reduction of weight (specifically fat mass), but also to correction of obesity accompanying metabolic disorders...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921425/-oxldl-%C3%AE-2-glycoprotein-i-complex-as-a-pro-atherogenic-autoantigen-is-atherosclerosis-an-autoimmune-disease
#11
Pavel Kraml
Oxidation of atherogenic low-density lipoproteins (LDL) plays a key role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Oxidation stress and inflammation are closely interrelated and they can potentiate one another. In the subendothelial space of the arterial intima, monocytes/macrophages become activated and phagocyte oxidized LDL (oxLDL) via scavenger receptors. It has been demonstrated that oxLDL forms complex with plasma β2-glycoprotein I (β2GPI) and becomes autoantigenic triggering synthesis of specific antiphosholipid antibodies...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921422/-pregestional-diabetes-mellitus-and-pregnancy
#12
Jana Bělobrádková
There is a groving number of women with pregestational diabetes mellitus. Additionaly, nowadays therapy of diabetes mellitus type I allows gravidity even in patients in whom diabetes manifested itself during their early childhood. Presence of chronic complications of diabetes increases risk of complications during pregnancy. There is incerasing number of patients with DM type II and appearence of it shifts into younger age group. Perinatal mortality and morbidity of children of mothers with pregestional diabets is higher than in comparison with common population and pregnancy planning is important measure to their decrease...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921251/skin-manifestations-of-insulin-resistance-from-a-biochemical-stance-to-a-clinical-diagnosis-and-management
#13
REVIEW
Gloria González-Saldivar, René Rodríguez-Gutiérrez, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, José Gerardo González-González, Minerva Gómez-Flores
Worldwide, more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight, and around 600 million people suffer from obesity. Similarly, ~382 million individuals live with diabetes, and 40-50% of the global population is labeled at "high risk" (i.e., prediabetes). The impact of these two chronic conditions relies not only on the burden of illnesses per se (i.e., associated increased morbidity and mortality), but also on their increased cost, burden of treatment, and decreased health-related quality of life. For this review a comprehensive search in several databases including PubMed (MEDLINE), Ovid EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus was conducted...
December 5, 2016: Dermatology and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919931/low-mt-co1-in-monocytes-and-microvesicles-is-associated-with-outcome-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#14
Paul Holvoet, Maarten Vanhaverbeke, Katarzyna Bloch, Pieter Baatsen, Peter Sinnaeve, Stefan Janssens
BACKGROUND: Cytochrome oxidase (COX) IV complex regulates energy production in mitochondria. Impaired COX gene expression is related to obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, but whether it is directly related to the incidence of cardiovascular events is unknown. We investigated whether COX gene expression in monocytes is predictive for cardiovascular events in coronary artery disease patients. To avoid monocyte isolation from fresh blood, we then aimed to validate our findings in monocyte-derived microvesicles isolated from plasma...
December 5, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919172/influence-of-glyco-oxidation-on-complexes-between-fibrin-ogen-and-insulin-like-growth-factor-binding-protein-1-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-2
#15
Nikola Gligorijević, Ana Penezić, Olgica Nedić
Fibrinogen and insulin-like growth factor-binding protein (IGFBP-1) are tightly connected to metabolic changes and complications in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), and since they mutually interact to form complexes in plasma, we investigated whether and to what extent IGFBP-1/fibrinogen complexes change due to glyco-oxidative processes in DM and whether they participate in fibrin clot formation. These complexes were determined by immunoblotting in plasma samples from healthy adults and patients with DM type 2...
December 5, 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919004/irbesartan-ameliorates-hyperlipidemia-and-liver-steatosis-in-type-2-diabetic-db-db-mice-via-stimulating-ppar-%C3%AE-ampk-akt-mtor-signaling-and-autophagy
#16
Juan Zhong, Wangqiu Gong, Lu Lu, Jing Chen, Zibin Lu, HongYu Li, Wenting Liu, Yangyang Liu, Mingqing Wang, Rong Hu, Haibo Long, Lianbo Wei
Irbesartan (Irb), a unique subset of angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) with PPAR-γ activation function, has been reported to play a role in renal dysfunction, glucose metabolism, and abnormal lipid profile in diabetic animal models and humans. However, the underlying mechanisms that improve hyperlipidemia and liver steatosis are unclear. This study investigated the effects of Irb on lipid metabolism and hepatic steatosis using the spontaneous type 2 diabetic db/db mouse model. The results demonstrated body and liver weight, food consumption, lipid content in serum and liver tissue, and liver dysfunction as well as hepatic steatosis were increased in db/db mice compared with db/m mice, whereas the increases were reversed by Irb treatment...
December 2, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918226/canagliflozin-use-in-type-i-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Robert Guthrie
Peters et al documented the appearance of diabetic ketoacidosis without significant elevation of serum glucose in patients treated with Canagliflozin. They solicited patient reports from their practice and from other colleagues' practices and identified nine patients, mainly with Type I Diabetes. Erondu et al evaluated the Canagliflozin development data base to describe the rate and appearance of ketoacidosis in the study patients. They found that in the research patients with Type 2 Diabetes, the rate of ketoacidosis in Canagliflozin patients was uncommon and similar to the reported rate in Type 2 patients not receiving Canagliflozin...
December 5, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918077/type-2-diabetes-inhibited-human-mesenchymal-stem-cells-angiogenic-response-by-over-activity-of-the-autophagic-pathway
#18
Aysa Rezabakhsh, Omid Cheraghi, Alireza Nourazarian, Mehdi Hassanpour, Masoumeh Kazemi, Shahrooz Ghaderi, Esmaeil Faraji, Reza Rahbarghazi, Çığır Biray Avci, Bakiye Goker Bagca, Alireza Garjani
The current study aimed to address the impact of serum from type 2 diabetes patients on the angiogenic properties of human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and its relationship to autophagy signaling. Human primary stem cells were enriched and incubated with serum from diabetic and normal subjects for 7 days. Compared to data from the control group, diabetic serum was found to induce a higher cellular death rate (p < 0.001) and apoptotic changes (p < 0.01). We also showed that diabetic condition significantly abolished angiogenesis tube formation on Matrigel substrate, decreased cell chemotaxis (p < 0...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916833/blueberries-impact-on-insulin-resistance-and-glucose-intolerance
#19
REVIEW
April J Stull
Blueberries are a rich source of polyphenols, which include anthocyanin bioactive compounds. Epidemiological evidence indicates that incorporating blueberries into the diet may lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2DM). These findings are supported by pre-clinical and clinical studies that have shown improvements in insulin resistance (i.e., increased insulin sensitivity) after obese and insulin-resistant rodents or humans consumed blueberries. Insulin resistance was assessed by homeostatic model assessment-estimated insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), insulin tolerance tests, and hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps...
November 29, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913984/basal-insulin-persistence-associated-factors-and-outcomes-after-treatment-initiation-a-retrospective-database-study-among-people-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-japan
#20
Irene Hadjiyianni, Urvi Desai, Shuichi Suzuki, Jasmina I Ivanova, Dachuang Cao, Noam Y Kirson, Dai Chida, Caroline Enloe, Howard G Birnbaum, Magaly Perez-Nieves
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to assess basal insulin persistence, associated factors, and economic outcomes for insulin-naïve people with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Japan. METHODS: People aged at least 18 years with T2DM with first claim for basal insulin between May 2006 and April 2013 (index date), no insulin use before index date, and continuous insurance coverage for 6 months before (baseline) and 12 months after index date were selected from the Japan Medical Center Database...
December 2, 2016: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
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