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Xiaowen Jiang, Lin Liu, Lu Qiao, Binqing Zhang, Xuewei Wang, Yuwen Han, Wenhui Yu
In recent years, plant-derived extracts are increasing interest from researchers worldwide due to good efficacy and lower side effects. Among the different plant extracts, Dracorhodin perchlorate (DP) is originated from Dragon's blood which has long been used as a natural medicine with various pharmacological activities. In the present study, we have explored the potential regulation of DP on fibroblast proliferation which promotes wound healing both in vitro and in vivo. DP at treatment of 12-24 h significantly induced fibroblast proliferation which is associated with increasing level of phosphorylated-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
Yijun Qi, Yue Zhang, Zhiqiang Peng, Lei Wang, Kaizhen Wang, Duiping Feng, Junqi He, Junfang Zheng
Precision therapy for clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) requires molecular biomarkers ascertaining disease prognosis. In this study, we performed integrated proteomic and transcriptomic screening in all four tumour-node-metastasis stages of ccRCC and adjacent normal tissues (n = 18) to investigate differentially expressed genes. Most identified differentially expressed genes revealed a strong association with transforming growth factor-β level and the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition process. Of them, Serpin peptidase inhibitor clade H member 1 (SERPINH1) revealed the strongest association with poor prognosis and regulation on the expression levels of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition markers...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Osama Essawi, Sofie Symoens, Maha Fannana, Mohammad Darwish, Mohammad Farraj, Andy Willaert, Tamer Essawi, Bert Callewaert, Anne De Paepe, Fransiska Malfait, Paul J Coucke
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous hereditary connective tissue disorder clinically hallmarked by increased susceptibility to bone fractures. METHODS: We analyzed a cohort of 77 diagnosed OI patients from 49 unrelated Palestinian families. Next-generation sequencing technology was used to screen a panel of known OI genes. RESULTS: In 41 probands, we identified 28 different disease-causing variants of 9 different known OI genes...
November 18, 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
E M Quist, R Doan, R R Pool, B F Porter, D L Bannasch, S V Dindot
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disease that occurs in humans and animals. Individuals with OI exhibit signs of extreme bone fragility and osteopenia with frequent fractures and perinatal lethality in severe cases. In this study, we report the clinical diagnosis of OI in a dog and the use targeted next-generation sequencing to identify a candidate autosomal dominant mutation in the COL1A2 gene. A five-month old male Chow Chow was examined with a fractured left humerus and resolving, bilateral femoral fractures...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Heredity
Abhishek Kumar, Anita Bhandari, Sandeep J Sarde, Chandan Goswami
HSP47/SERPINH1 is key-regulator for collagen biosynthesis and its structural assembly. To date, there is no comprehensive study on the phylogenetic history of HSP47. Herein we illustrate the evolutionary history of HSP47/SERPINH1 along with sequence, structural and syntenic traits for HSP47/SERPINH1. We have identified ancestral HSP47/SERPINH1 locus in Japanese lamprey (Lethenteron japonicum). This gene remains on the same or similar locus for ~500 million years (MY), but chromosomal duplication was observed in ray-finned fishes, leading into three sets of three sets (I-III) of HSP47/SERPINH1...
September 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yoshihiro Ishikawa, Paul Holden, Hans Peter Bächinger
Collagen is the most abundant protein in the extracellular matrix in humans and is critical to the integrity and function of many musculoskeletal tissues. A molecular ensemble comprising more than 20 molecules is involved in collagen biosynthesis in the rough endoplasmic reticulum. Two proteins, heat shock protein 47 (Hsp47/SERPINH1) and 65-kDa FK506-binding protein (FKBP65/FKBP10), have been shown to play important roles in this ensemble. In humans, autosomal recessive mutations in both genes cause similar osteogenesis imperfecta phenotypes...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Blair P Bentley, Brian J Haas, Jamie N Tedeschi, Oliver Berry
Oviparous reptile embryos are expected to breach their critical thermal maxima if temperatures reach those predicted under current climate change models due to the lack of the maternal buffering processes and parental care. Heat-shock proteins (HSPs) are integral in the molecular response to thermal stress, and their expression is heritable, but the roles of other candidate families such as the heat-shock factors (HSFs) have not been determined in reptiles. Here, we subject embryonic sea turtles (Caretta caretta) to a biologically realistic thermal stress and employ de novo transcriptomic profiling of brain tissue to investigate the underlying molecular response...
June 2017: Molecular Ecology
C Barbirato, M Trancozo, M R G O Rebouças, V Sipolatti, V R R Nunes, F Paula
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous disorder that causes fragility, deformity, and fractures in bones. A large number of genes that are associated with the disease have been identified in the last decade; this makes the genetic diagnosis of OI more difficult. To improve our knowledge of the genetic mutation profile in OI we used single-stranded conformation polymorphism screening and automated sequencing to investigate the SERPINH1, FKBP10, and SERPINF1 genes, which are related to recessive OI, in 23 unrelated Brazilian patients...
September 2, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Xiaochun Jiang, Taofeng Zhou, Zhichun Wang, Bin Qi, Hongping Xia
Grade IV glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most malignant form of gliomas. HSP47, encoded by SERPINH1 gene, is a serpin which serves as a human chaperone protein for collagen. We have shown that HSP47 is significantly overexpressed in GBM and associated with tumor grade. However, the role of HSP47 on GBM progression and stemlike property remains unclear. The stable overexpression of HSP47 in primary GBM cells was established by lentivirus infection. The effects of HSP47 overexpression on tumor growth and the effects of blocking the TGF-β pathway on tumor regression were investigated by animal study...
January 18, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Charlotte Marshall, Jaime Lopez, Laura Crookes, Rebecca C Pollitt, Meena Balasubramanian
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder characterised by low bone mineral density resulting in fractures. 85-90% of patients with OI carry a variant in the type 1 collagen genes, COL1A1 and COL1A2, which follows an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. However, within the last two decades, there have been growing number of variants identified in genes that follow an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance. Our proband is a child born in Mexico with multiple fractures of ribs, minimal calvarial mineralisation, platyspondyly, marked compression and deformed long bones...
December 20, 2016: Gene
S P Pantazatos, Y-Y Huang, G B Rosoklija, A J Dwork, V Arango, J J Mann
Brain gene expression profiling studies of suicide and depression using oligonucleotide microarrays have often failed to distinguish these two phenotypes. Moreover, next generation sequencing approaches are more accurate in quantifying gene expression and can detect alternative splicing. Using RNA-seq, we examined whole-exome gene and exon expression in non-psychiatric controls (CON, N=29), DSM-IV major depressive disorder suicides (MDD-S, N=21) and MDD non-suicides (MDD, N=9) in the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex (Brodmann Area 9) of sudden death medication-free individuals post mortem...
May 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
Kazuto Kamikawaji, Naohiko Seki, Masaki Watanabe, Hiroko Mataki, Tomohiro Kumamoto, Koichiro Takagi, Keiko Mizuno, Hiromasa Inoue
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive lung disease that is refractory to treatment and carries a high mortality rate. IPF is frequently associated with lung cancer. Identification of molecular targets involved in both diseases may elucidate novel molecular mechanisms contributing to their pathology. Recent studies of microRNA (miRNA) expression signatures showed that microRNA-29a (miR-29a) was downregulated in IPF and lung cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the functional significance of miR-29a in lung cancer cells (A549 and EBC-1) and lung fibroblasts (MRC-5) and to identify molecular targets modulated by miR-29a in these cells...
December 2016: Journal of Human Genetics
Xiaoyun Sun, Arianna Kim, Masashi Nakatani, Yao Shen, Liang Liu
Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is the major risk factor for skin carcinogenesis. To gain new insights into the molecular pathways mediating UVR effects in the skin, we performed comprehensive transcriptomic analyses to identify shared and distinctive molecular responses to UVR between human keratinocytes and melanocytes. Keratinocytes and melanocytes were irradiated with varying doses of UVB (10, 20 and 30 mJ/cm(2) ) then analysed by RNA-Seq at different time points post-UVB radiation (4, 24 and 72 h). Under basal conditions, keratinocytes and melanocytes expressed similar number of genes, although they each expressed a distinctive subset of genes pertaining to their specific cellular identity...
September 2016: Experimental Dermatology
Dinushan C Kaluarachchi, Allison M Momany, Tamara D Busch, Lucas G Gimenez, Cesar Saleme, Viviana Cosentino, Kaare Christensen, John M Dagle, Kelli K Ryckman, Jeffrey C Murray
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth (PTB) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. There is strong evidence of genetic susceptibility. Objective of this study was to identify genetic variants contributing to PTB. METHODS: Genotyping was performed for 24 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 4 candidate genes (NR5A2, FSHR, FOXP3, and SERPINH1). Genotyping was completed on 728 maternal triads (mother and maternal grandparents of a preterm infant). Data were analyzed with Family Based Association Test...
May 2016: Pediatric Research
Wael Naboulsi, Dominik A Megger, Thilo Bracht, Michael Kohl, Michael Turewicz, Martin Eisenacher, Don Marvin Voss, Jörg F Schlaak, Andreas-Claudius Hoffmann, Frank Weber, Hideo A Baba, Helmut E Meyer, Barbara Sitek
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most aggressive tumors, and the treatment outcome of this disease is improved when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage. This requires biomarkers allowing an accurate and early tumor diagnosis. To identify potential markers for such applications, we analyzed a patient cohort consisting of 50 patients (50 HCC and 50 adjacent nontumorous tissue samples as controls) using two independent proteomics approaches. We performed label-free discovery analysis on 19 HCC and corresponding tissue samples...
January 4, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Yanni Wang, Zhe Liu, Zhen Li, Haina Shi, Yujun Kang, Jianfu Wang, Jinqiang Huang, Li Jiang
For rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss, high temperature is a major abiotic stress that limits its growth and productivity. In this study, spleen macrophage respiratory burst (RB), serum superoxide dismutase (SOD), serum malondialdehyde (MDA) and mRNA expression of the SERPINH1 (HSP47) gene in different tissues (liver, spleen, head kidney and heart) were measured in unstressed (18 °C) and heat-stressed (25 °C) fish. Spleen macrophage RB activity, serum SOD activity and MDA content all increased significantly (P < 0...
April 2016: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Artur Galimov, Angelika Hartung, Roman Trepp, Alexander Mader, Martin Flück, Axel Linke, Matthias Blüher, Emanuel Christ, Jan Krützfeldt
UNLABELLED: Replacement of growth hormone (GH) in patients suffering from GH deficiency (GHD) offers clinical benefits on body composition, exercise capacity, and skeletal integrity. However, GH replacement therapy (GHRT) is also associated with insulin resistance, but the mechanisms are incompletely understood. We demonstrate that in GH-deficient mice (growth hormone-releasing hormone receptor (Ghrhr)(lit/lit)), insulin resistance after GHRT involves the upregulation of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and the downregulation of microRNA miR-29a in skeletal muscle...
December 2015: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
Marieke Verleih, Andreas Borchel, Aleksei Krasnov, Alexander Rebl, Tomáš Korytář, Carsten Kühn, Tom Goldammer
Seasonal water temperatures can be stressful for fish in aquaculture and can therefore negatively influence their welfare. Although the kidney is the crucial organ associated with the primary stress response, knowledge about the stress-modulated kidney transcriptome in salmonids is limited. In the present study, we used a comparative microarray approach to characterize the general gene expression profiles of rainbow trout trunk kidney after a 2-week acclimation to mild heat (23 °C) and cold stress (8 °C)...
October 2015: Marine Biotechnology
Uschi Lindert, Mary Ann Weis, Jyoti Rai, Frank Seeliger, Ingrid Hausser, Tosso Leeb, David Eyre, Marianne Rohrbach, Cecilia Giunta
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable connective tissue disease characterized by bone fragility and increased risk of fractures. Up to now, mutations in at least 18 genes have been associated with dominant and recessive forms of OI that affect the production or post-translational processing of procollagen or alter bone homeostasis. Among those, SERPINH1 encoding heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), a chaperone exclusive for collagen folding in the ER, was identified to cause a severe form of OI in dachshunds (L326P) as well as in humans (one single case with a L78P mutation)...
July 17, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Konstantinos C Tsolis, Ekaterini S Bei, Ioanna Papathanasiou, Fotini Kostopoulou, Vassiliki Gkretsi, Kalliopi Kalantzaki, Konstantinos Malizos, Michalis Zervakis, Aspasia Tsezou, Anastassios Economou
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a multi-factorial disease leading progressively to loss of articular cartilage and subsequently to loss of joint function. While hypertrophy of chondrocytes is a physiological process implicated in the longitudinal growth of long bones, hypertrophy-like alterations in chondrocytes play a major role in OA. We performed a quantitative proteomic analysis in osteoarthritic and normal chondrocytes followed by functional analyses to investigate proteome changes and molecular pathways involved in OA pathogenesis...
2015: Clinical Proteomics
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