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Lena-Maria Mehling, Annika Spottke, Anna Heidbreder, Peter Young, Burkhard Madea, Cornelius Hess, Cornelius Courts
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) acts as an agonist of the GABAB receptor, where GHB induces a depressant effect in the central nervous system. Besides its therapeutic application, GHB is also used as a date rape drug. However, the detection of GHB ingestion proves to be difficult due to its narrow detection window. The aim of this pilot study was to assess differential gene expressions after GHB intake to identify potential biomarkers for the detection of GHB intake. To this aim, alteration in gene expression of ALDH5A1, AKR7A2, EREG, and PEA15 was investigated via quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
Yoshihiro Ishikawa, Kazunori Mizuno, Hans Peter Bächinger
Extracellular matrix proteins are biosynthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER), and the triple-helical protein collagen is the most abundant extracellular matrix component in the human body. Many enzymes, molecular chaperones, and post-translational modifiers facilitate collagen biosynthesis. Collagen contains a large number of proline residues, so the cis/trans isomerization of proline peptide bonds is the rate-limiting step during triple-helix formation. Accordingly, the rER-resident peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases) play an important role in the zipper-like triple-helix formation in collagen...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Saurabh Pandey, Deeksha Tripathi, Mohd Khubaib, Ashutosh Kumar, Javaid A Sheikh, Gaddam Sumanlatha, Nasreen Z Ehtesham, Seyed E Hasnain
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) has two peptidyl-prolyl isomerases (Ppiases) PpiA and PpiB, popularly known as cyclophilin A and cyclophilin B. The role of cyclophilins in processes such as signaling, cell surface recognition, chaperoning, and heat shock response has been well-documented. We present evidence that M. tb Ppiases modulate the host immune response. ELISA results revealed significant presence of antibodies to M. tb Ppiases in patient sera as compared to sera from healthy individuals. Treatment of THP-1 cells with increasing concentrations of rPpiA, induced secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines TNF-α and IL-6...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Yu Jiang, Jingxin Pan, Dongwei Guo, Wei Zhang, Jie Xie, Zishui Fang, Chunmiao Guo, Qun Fang, Weiying Jiang, Yibin Guo
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic skeletal disorder characterized by increased bone fragility and vulnerability to fractures. PPIB is identified as a candidate gene for OI-IX, here we detect two pathogenic mutations in PPIB and analyze the genotype-phenotype correlation in a Chinese family with OI. METHODS: Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to screen the whole exome of the parents of proband. Screening of variation frequency, evolutionary conservation comparisons, pathogenicity evaluation, and protein structure prediction were conducted to assess the pathogenicity of the novel mutations...
February 27, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
Jose A Caparros-Martin, Mona S Aglan, Samia Temtamy, Ghada A Otaify, Maria Valencia, Julián Nevado, Elena Vallespin, Angela Del Pozo, Carmen Prior de Castro, Lucia Calatrava-Ferreras, Pilar Gutierrez, Ana M Bueno, Belen Sagastizabal, Encarna Guillen-Navarro, Maria Ballesta-Martinez, Vanesa Gonzalez, Sarenur Y Basaran, Ruksan Buyukoglan, Bilge Sarikepe, Cecilia Espinoza-Valdez, Francisco Cammarata-Scalisi, Victor Martinez-Glez, Karen E Heath, Pablo Lapunzina, Victor L Ruiz-Perez
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous bone disorder characterized by recurrent fractures. Although most cases of OI have heterozygous mutations in COL1A1 or COL1A2 and show autosomal dominant inheritance, during the last years there has been an explosion in the number of genes responsible for both recessive and dominant forms of this condition. Herein, we have analyzed a cohort of patients with OI, all offspring of unaffected parents, to determine the spectrum of variants accounting for these cases...
January 2017: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Eirini-Evangelia Thomloudi, Aggeliki Skagia, Anastasia Venieraki, Panagiotis Katinakis, Maria Dimou
The nitrogen fixing Sinorhizobium meliloti possesses two genes, ppiA and ppiB, encoding two cyclophilin isoforms which belong to the superfamily of peptidyl prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIase, EC: Here, we functionally characterize the two proteins and we demonstrate that both recombinant cyclophilins are able to isomerise the Suc-AAPF-pNA synthetic peptide but neither of them displays chaperone function in the citrate synthase thermal aggregation assay. Furthermore, we observe that the expression of both enzymes increases the viability of E...
February 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
Aggeliki Skagia, Eleni Vezyri, Markezina Sigala, Areti Kokkinou, Michael Karpusas, Anastasia Venieraki, Panagiotis Katinakis, Maria Dimou
Escherichia coli cyclophilin PpiB is a peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase (PPIase, EC:, involved in the negative modulation of various bacterial processes, such as swimming and swarming motility and biofilm formation ability. In this study, we show that PpiB possesses also a chaperone function as it can prevent the thermal denaturation of citrate synthase even with essentially eliminated PPIase activity. We demonstrate, using active site mutations, that the PPIase activity of PpiB is required in all processes, except for the negative effect on swimming, indicating a possible isomerase-independent function...
January 2017: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Richard E Wiemels, Stephanie M Cech, Nikki M Meyer, Caleb A Burke, Andy Weiss, Anastacia R Parks, Lindsey N Shaw, Ronan K Carroll
Staphylococcus aureus is an important human pathogen that relies on a large repertoire of secreted and cell wall-associated proteins for pathogenesis. Consequently, the ability of the organism to cause disease is absolutely dependent on its ability to synthesize and successfully secrete these proteins. In this study, we investigate the role of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases) on the activity of the S. aureus secreted virulence factor nuclease (Nuc). We identify a staphylococcal cyclophilin-type PPIase (PpiB) that is required for optimal activity of Nuc...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
Ashley T Fancher, Yun Hua, Daniel P Camarco, David A Close, Christopher J Strock, Paul A Johnston
The continued activation of androgen receptor (AR) transcription and elevated expression of AR and transcriptional intermediary factor 2 (TIF2) coactivator observed in prostate cancer (CaP) recurrence and the development of castration-resistant CaP (CRPC) support a screening strategy for small-molecule inhibitors of AR-TIF2 protein-protein interactions (PPIs) to find new drug candidates. Small molecules can elicit tissue selective effects, because the cells of distinct tissues express different levels and cohorts of coregulatory proteins...
October 2016: Assay and Drug Development Technologies
Sabari Nath Neerukonda, Upendra K Katneni, Sergey Golovan, Mark S Parcells
Quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) is widely used in the study of relative gene expression in general, and has been used in the field of Marek's disease (MD) research to measure transcriptional responses to infection and/or vaccination. Studies in the past have either employed cellular β-actin (BACT) or glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) as internal reference genes, although the stability of their expression in the context of Marek's disease virus (MDV) infection has never been investigated. In the present study, we compared the stability of five reference genes (BACT, 28S RNA, 18S RNA, GAPDH, Peptidyl-prolyl-isomerase B [PPIB], a...
October 2016: Journal of Virological Methods
Aggeliki Skagia, Chrysoula Zografou, Eleni Vezyri, Anastasia Venieraki, Panagiotis Katinakis, Maria Dimou
PpiB belongs to the superfamily of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerases (PPIases, EC:, which catalyze the rate-limiting protein folding step at peptidyl-prolyl bonds and control several biological processes. In this study, we show that PpiB acts as a negative effector of motility and biofilm formation ability of Escherichia coli. We identify multicopy suppressors of each ΔppiB phenotype among putative PpiB prey proteins which upon deletion are often characterized by analogous phenotypes. Many putative preys show similar gene expression in wild-type and ΔppiB genetic backgrounds implying possible post-translational modifications by PpiB...
August 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
Dawei Jiang, Yunchao Liu, Aiping Wang, Gaiping Zhang, Guoyu Yang, Yumei Chen, Pengchao Ji, Chang Liu, Yapeng Song, Yunfang Su, Guoqiang Wang, Jucai Wang, Baolei Zhao, Ruiguang Deng
OBJECTIVES: To improve the expression of soluble IBDV VP2 protein by using different tagged vectors in Escherichia coli. RESULTS: Fusion tags, Grifin, MBP, SUMO, thioredoxin, γ-crystallin, ArsC and PpiB, enhanced the expression and solubility of VP2 protein. The fusion proteins were purified by Ni-NTA chromatography, MBP-VP2 showed the highest purity about 90 %. After removing the MBP tag, VP2 self-assembled into virus-like particles, ~25 nm diam. Results from AGP suggested the recombinant IBDV VP2 protein identified by reference serum like IBDV...
June 2016: Biotechnology Letters
Saurabh Pandey, Ashish Sharma, Deeksha Tripathi, Ashutosh Kumar, Mohd Khubaib, Manish Bhuwan, Tapan Kumar Chaudhuri, Seyed Ehtesham Hasnain, Nasreen Zafar Ehtesham
Peptidyl-prolyl cis-trans isomerases (Ppiases), also known as cyclophilins, are ubiquitously expressed enzymes that assist in protein folding by isomerization of peptide bonds preceding prolyl residues. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) is known to possess two Ppiases, PpiA and PpiB. However, our understanding about the biological significance of mycobacterial Ppiases with respect to their pleiotropic roles in responding to stress conditions inside the macrophages is restricted. This study describes chaperone-like activity of mycobacterial Ppiases...
2016: PloS One
A R Melwani, E L Thompson, D A Raftos
Exposure to prolonged environmental stress can have impacts on the cellular homeostasis of aquatic organisms. The current study employed two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) to test whether exposure to impaired water quality conditions in the Sydney Harbour estuary has significantly altered the proteomes of the resident Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata). Adult S. glomerata were sampled from four bays in the estuary. Each bay consisted of a "high-impact" site adjacent to point sources of chemical contamination (e...
April 2016: Aquatic Toxicology
Christian Kirschneck, Peter Proff, Jochen Fanghänel, Michael Wolf, J Camilo Roldán, Piero Römer
OBJECTIVES: To obtain valid results in relative gene/mRNA-expression analyses by RT-qPCR, a careful selection of stable reference genes is required for normalization. Currently there is little information on reference gene stability in dental, periodontal and alveolar bone tissues of the rat, especially regarding orthodontic tooth movement and periodontitis. We therefore aimed to identify the best selection and number of reference genes under these experimental as well as physiological conditions...
March 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
Signe Horn, Jeannette S Kirkegaard, Soraya Hoelper, Philip A Seymour, Claude Rescan, Jens H Nielsen, Ole D Madsen, Jan N Jensen, Marcus Krüger, Mads Grønborg, Jonas Ahnfelt-Rønne
Diabetes is characterized by insulin insufficiency due to a relative paucity of functional β-cell mass. Thus, strategies for increasing β-cell mass in situ are sought-after for therapeutic purposes. Pregnancy is a physiological state capable of inducing robust β-cell mass expansion, however, the mechanisms driving this expansion are not fully understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to characterize pregnancy-induced changes in the islet proteome at the peak of β-cell proliferation in mice. Islets from pregnant and nonpregnant littermates were compared via 2 proteomic strategies...
January 2016: Molecular Endocrinology
C Barbirato, M Trancozo, M G Almeida, L S Almeida, T O Santos, J C G Duarte, M R G O Rebouças, V Sipolatti, V R R Nunes, F Paula
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disease characterized by bone deformities and fractures. Most cases are caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the type I collagen genes COL1A1 and COL1A2; however, an increasing number of recessive mutations in other genes have been reported. The LEPRE1, CRTAP, and PPIB genes encode proteins that form the P3H1/CRTAP/CypB complex, which is responsible for posttranslational modifications of type I collagen. In general, mutations in these genes lead to severe and lethal phenotypes of recessive OI...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Ibrahim M Shokry, John J Callanan, John Sousa, Rui Tao
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; ecstasy) toxicity may cause region-specific changes in serotonergic mRNA expression due to acute serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) syndrome. This hypothesis can be tested using in situ hybridization to detect the serotonin 5-HT2A receptor gene htr2a. In the past, such procedures, utilizing radioactive riboprobe, were difficult because of the complicated workflow that needs several days to perform and the added difficulty that the technique required the use of fresh frozen tissues maintained in an RNase-free environment...
September 23, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Pauline Marie, Valérie Labas, Aurélien Brionne, Grégoire Harichaux, Christelle Hennequet-Antier, Alejandro B Rodriguez-Navarro, Yves Nys, Joël Gautron
Eggshell is a bioceramic composed of 95% calcium carbonate mineral and 3.5% organic matrix. Its structural organisation is controlled by its organic matrix. We have used quantitative proteomics to study four key stages of shell mineralisation: 1) widespread deposition of amorphous calcium carbonate (ACC), 2) ACC transformation into crystalline calcite aggregates, 3) formation of larger calcite crystal units and 4) development of a columnar structure with preferential calcite crystal orientation. This approach explored the distribution of 216 shell matrix proteins found at the four stages...
August 3, 2015: Journal of Proteomics
Minghui Liu, Yuchang Dou, Ran Sun, Yonggui Zhang, Yansong Liu
BACKGROUND: Alcoholic hepatitis (AH) is an acute manifestation of alcoholic liver disease with high mortality rates. OBJECTIVES: Our aim was to study the molecular mechanisms of AH. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in liver between AH and control cases were identified by analyzing the GSE28619 microarray data using t-test. The Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathways and Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analyses were performed using DAVID online tool...
May 2015: Hepatitis Monthly
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