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Kristóf Árvai, Péter Horváth, Bernadett Balla, Bálint Tobiás, Karina Kató, Gyöngyi Kirschner, Valéria Klujber, Péter Lakatos, János P Kósa
Next generation sequencing (NGS) is a rapidly developing area in genetics. Utilizing this technology in the management of disorders with complex genetic background and not recurrent mutation hot spots can be extremely useful. In this study, we applied NGS, namely semiconductor sequencing to determine the most significant osteogenesis imperfecta-related genetic variants in the clinical practice. We selected genes coding collagen type I alpha-1 and-2 (COL1A1, COL1A2) which are responsible for more than 90% of all cases...
2016: Scientific Reports
C Barbirato, M Trancozo, M G Almeida, L S Almeida, T O Santos, J C G Duarte, M R G O Rebouças, V Sipolatti, V R R Nunes, F Paula
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disease characterized by bone deformities and fractures. Most cases are caused by autosomal dominant mutations in the type I collagen genes COL1A1 and COL1A2; however, an increasing number of recessive mutations in other genes have been reported. The LEPRE1, CRTAP, and PPIB genes encode proteins that form the P3H1/CRTAP/CypB complex, which is responsible for posttranslational modifications of type I collagen. In general, mutations in these genes lead to severe and lethal phenotypes of recessive OI...
2015: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Evelise Brizola, Edward McCarthy, Jay Robert Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is an heritable systemic disorder of connective tissue due to different sequence variants in genes affecting both the synthesis of type I collagen and osteoblast function. Dominant and recessive inheritance is recognized. Approximately 90% of the OI cases are due to mutations in COL1A1/A2 genes. We clinically and radiologically describes an adult male with type III osteogenesis imperfecta who presents a rare bone dysplasia termed bulbous epiphyseal deformity in association with popcorn calcifications...
May 2015: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
Mariangela Succoio, Marika Comegna, Chiara D'Ambrosio, Andrea Scaloni, Filiberto Cimino, Raffaella Faraonio
UNLABELLED: Cellular senescence causes profound changes in gene expression profile. In this study, we used a combined 2D-DIGE and nanoLC-ESI-LIT-MS/MS approach to evaluate the proteomic changes occurring both in replicative and stress-induced senescence of human IMR90 cells. Twenty protein spots were identified as shifting their quantitative representation in the same direction (over- or down-represented) in both conditions of senescence, which were associated with 25 sequence entries...
October 14, 2015: Journal of Proteomics
Yao Wang, Yazhou Cui, Xiaoyan Zhou, Jinxiang Han
OBJECTIVE: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare inherited skeletal disease, characterized by bone fragility and low bone density. The mutations in this disorder have been widely reported to be on various exonal hotspots of the candidate genes, including COL1A1, COL1A2, CRTAP, LEPRE1, and FKBP10, thus creating a great demand for precise genetic tests. However, large genome sizes make the process daunting and the analyses, inefficient and expensive. Therefore, we aimed at developing a fast, accurate, efficient, and cheaper sequencing platform for OI diagnosis; and to this end, use of an advanced array-based technique was proposed...
2015: PloS One
Renata Moldenhauer Minillo, Nara Sobreira, Maria de Fatima de Faria Soares, Julie Jurgens, Hua Ling, Kurt N Hetrick, Kimberly F Doheny, David Valle, Decio Brunoni, Ana B Alvarez Perez
Autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) accounts for 10% of all OI cases, and, currently, mutations in 10 genes (CRTAP, LEPRE1, PPIB, SERPINH1, FKBP10, SERPINF1, SP7, BMP1, TMEM38B, and WNT1) are known to be responsible for this form of the disease. PEDF is a secreted glycoprotein of the serpin superfamily that maintains bone homeostasis and regulates osteoid mineralization, and it is encoded by SERPINF1, currently associated with OI type VI (MIM 172860). Here, we report a consanguineous Brazilian family in which multiple individuals from at least 4 generations are affected with a severe form of OI, and we also report an unrelated individual from the same small city in Brazil with a similar but more severe phenotype...
December 2014: Molecular Syndromology
Frank Rauch, Liljana Lalic, Francis H Glorieux, Pierre Moffatt, Peter Roughley
Metabolic bone disorders in children frequently are heritable, but the expanding number of genes associated with these conditions makes it difficult to perform molecular diagnosis. In the present study, we therefore evaluated a semiconductor (SC)-based sequencing system for this purpose. A total of 65 DNA samples were analyzed comprising 24 samples from patients with 27 known pathogenic mutations, 6 samples from patients with prior negative Sanger sequencing, and 35 consecutive samples from patients with suspected heritable metabolic bone disorders who had not had prior molecular diagnosis...
October 2014: Calcified Tissue International
Eugênia R Valadares, Túlio B Carneiro, Paula M Santos, Ana Cristina Oliveira, Bernhard Zabel
OBJECTIVE: Literature review of new genes related to osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) and update of its classification. SOURCES: Literature review in the PubMed and OMIM databases, followed by selection of relevant references. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: In 1979, Sillence et al. developed a classification of OI subtypes based on clinical features and disease severity: OI type I, mild, common, with blue sclera; OI type II, perinatal lethal form; OI type III, severe and progressively deforming, with normal sclera; and OI type IV, moderate severity with normal sclera...
November 2014: Jornal de Pediatria
Elisa Rubinato, Anna Morgan, Angela D'Eustacchio, Vanna Pecile, Giulia Gortani, Paolo Gasparini, Flavio Faletra
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a hereditary bone disease characterized by decreased bone density and multiple fractures, usually inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. Several gene encoding proteins related to collagen metabolism have been described in some cases of autosomal recessive OI (including CRTAP, LEPRE1, PPIB, FKBP65, SERPINF1, BMP1, WNT1, FKBP10). Recently, TMEM38B, a gene that encodes TRIC-B, a monovalent cation-specific channel involved in calcium flux from intracellular stores and in cell differentiation, has been associated with autosomal recessive OI...
July 25, 2014: Gene
Melanie G Pepin, Ulrike Schwarze, Virendra Singh, Marc Romana, Altheia Jones-Lecointe, Peter H Byers
Biallelic mutations in LEPRE1 result in recessively inherited forms of osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) that are often lethal in the perinatal period. A mutation (c.1080+1G>T, IVS5+1G>T) in African Americans has a carrier frequency of about 1/240. The mutant allele originated in West Africa in tribes of Ghana and Nigeria where the carrier frequencies are 2% and 5%. By examining 200 samples from an African-derived population in Tobago and reviewing hospital neonatal death records, we determined that the carrier frequency of c...
November 2013: Molecular Genetics & Genomic Medicine
Erica P Homan, Caressa Lietman, Ingo Grafe, Jennifer Lennington, Roy Morello, Dobrawa Napierala, Ming-Ming Jiang, Elda M Munivez, Brian Dawson, Terry K Bertin, Yuqing Chen, Rhonald Lua, Olivier Lichtarge, John Hicks, Mary Ann Weis, David Eyre, Brendan H L Lee
Mutations in the genes encoding cartilage associated protein (CRTAP) and prolyl 3-hydroxylase 1 (P3H1 encoded by LEPRE1) were the first identified causes of recessive Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI). These proteins, together with cyclophilin B (encoded by PPIB), form a complex that 3-hydroxylates a single proline residue on the α1(I) chain (Pro986) and has cis/trans isomerase (PPIase) activity essential for proper collagen folding. Recent data suggest that prolyl 3-hydroxylation of Pro986 is not required for the structural stability of collagen; however, the absence of this post-translational modification may disrupt protein-protein interactions integral for proper collagen folding and lead to collagen over-modification...
January 2014: PLoS Genetics
Katrin Gruenwald, Patrizio Castagnola, Roberta Besio, Milena Dimori, Yuqing Chen, Nisreen S Akel, Frances L Swain, Robert A Skinner, David R Eyre, Dana Gaddy, Larry J Suva, Roy Morello
Members of the Leprecan family of proteins include enzymes, prolyl 3-hydroxylase 1 (P3h1), P3h2, and P3h3, and nonenzymatic proteins, Crtap and Sc65. Mutations in CRTAP and LEPRE1 (encoding P3H1) have been associated with human disease such as recessive osteogenesis imperfecta; however, the function of Sc65, which is closely related and highly homologous to Crtap, is unknown. Sc65 has been described as a synaptonemal complex protein, a nucleolar protein, and a cytoplasmic adapter protein. In light of its high sequence similarity with Crtap, an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein, and the importance of post-translational modifications such as collagen prolyl 3-hydroxylation in bone metabolism, we hypothesized that Sc65 was an ER-resident protein that would have an important role in bone homeostasis...
March 2014: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Kasper C D Roet, Elske H P Franssen, Frederik M de Bree, Anke H W Essing, Sjirk-Jan J Zijlstra, Nitish D Fagoe, Hannah M Eggink, Ruben Eggers, August B Smit, Ronald E van Kesteren, Joost Verhaagen
Olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) have neuro-restorative properties in animal models for spinal cord injury, stroke, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Here we used a multistep screening approach to discover genes specifically contributing to the regeneration-promoting properties of OECs. Microarray screening of the injured olfactory pathway and of cultured OECs identified 102 genes that were subsequently functionally characterized in cocultures of OECs and primary dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Selective siRNA-mediated knockdown of 16 genes in OECs (ADAMTS1, BM385941, FZD1, GFRA1, LEPRE1, NCAM1, NID2, NRP1, MSLN, RND1, S100A9, SCARB2, SERPINI1, SERPINF1, TGFB2, and VAV1) significantly reduced outgrowth of cocultured DRG neurons, indicating that endogenous expression of these genes in OECs supports neurite extension of DRG neurons...
July 3, 2013: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
José A Caparrós-Martin, María Valencia, Veronica Pulido, Victor Martínez-Glez, Inmaculada Rueda-Arenas, Khalda Amr, Chantal Farra, Pablo Lapunzina, Victor L Ruiz-Perez, Samia Temtamy, Mona Aglan
Autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta (AR-OI) is an inherited condition which in recent years has been shown with increasing genetic and clinical heterogeneity. In this article, we performed clinical assessment and sought mutations in patients from 10 unrelated families with AR-OI, one of whom was presented with the additional features of Bruck syndrome (BS). Pathogenic changes were identified in five different genes: three families had mutations in FKBP10, three in SERPINF1, two in LEPRE1, one in CRTAP, and one in PPIB...
June 2013: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
David R Eyre, Mary Ann Weis
Until 2006 the only mutations known to cause osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) were in the two genes coding for type I collagen chains. These dominant mutations affecting the expression or primary sequence of collagen α1(I) and α2(I) chains account for over 90% of OI cases. Since then a growing list of mutant genes causing the 5-10% of recessive cases has rapidly emerged. They include CRTAP, LEPRE1, and PPIB, which encode three proteins forming the prolyl 3-hydroxylase complex; PLOD2 and FKBP10, which encode, respectively, lysyl hydroxylase 2 and a foldase required for its activity in forming mature cross-links in bone collagen; SERPINH1, which encodes the collagen chaperone HSP47; SERPINF1, which encodes pigment epithelium-derived factor required for osteoid mineralization; and BMP1, which encodes the type I procollagen C-propeptidase...
October 2013: Calcified Tissue International
Adrienne Moul, Amanda Alladin, Cristina Navarrete, George Abdenour, Maria M Rodriguez
Osteogenesis imperfecta is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by bone fragility and low bone density. Most cases are caused by an autosomal dominant mutation in either COL1A1 or COL1A2 gene encoding type I collagen. However, autosomal recessive forms have been identified. We present a patient with severe respiratory distress due to osteogenesis imperfecta simulating type II, born to a non-consanguineous couple with mixed African-American and African-Hispanic ethnicity. Cultured skin fibroblasts demonstrated compound heterozygosity for mutations in the LEPRE1 gene encoding prolyl 3-hydroxylase 1 confirming the diagnosis of autosomal recessive osteogenesis imperfecta type VIII, perinatal lethal type...
October 2013: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Elena Pokidysheva, Sara Tufa, Chris Bresee, John V Brigande, Hans Peter Bächinger
Prolyl 3-hydroxylase1 (P3H1) is a collagen modifying enzyme which hydroxylates certain prolines in the Xaa position of conventional GlyXaaYaa triple helical sequence. Recent investigations have revealed that mutations in the LEPRE1 (gene encoding for P3H1) cause severe osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) in humans. Similarly LEPRE1 knockout mice display an OI-like phenotype. Significant hearing loss is a common problem for people with osteogenesis imperfecta. Here we report that hearing of the P3H1 null mice is substantially affected...
January 2013: Matrix Biology: Journal of the International Society for Matrix Biology
E Hatzimichael, C Lo Nigro, L Lattanzio, N Syed, R Shah, A Dasoula, K Janczar, D Vivenza, M Monteverde, M Merlano, A Papoudou-Bai, M Bai, P Schmid, J Stebbing, M Bower, M J S Dyer, L E Karran, C ElguetaKarstegl, P J Farrell, A Thompson, E Briasoulis, T Crook
BACKGROUND: Prolyl hydroxylation is a post-translational modification that affects the structure, stability and function of proteins including collagen by catalysing hydroxylation of proline to hydroxyproline through action of collagen prolyl hydroxylases3 (C-P3H) and 4 (C-P4H). Three C-P3Hs (nomenclature was amended according to approval by the HGNC symbols and names at and Entrez database at leucineproline-enriched proteoglycan (leprecan) 1 (Lepre1), leprecan-like 1 (Leprel1), leprecan-like 2 (Leprel2) and two paralogs Cartilage-Related Protein (CRTAP) and leprecan-like 4 (Leprel4) are found in humans...
October 9, 2012: British Journal of Cancer
Joel R Ho, Elodie Chapeaublanc, Lisa Kirkwood, Remy Nicolle, Simone Benhamou, Thierry Lebret, Yves Allory, Jennifer Southgate, François Radvanyi, Bruno Goud
Growing evidence indicates that Rab GTPases, key regulators of intracellular transport in eukaryotic cells, play an important role in cancer. We analysed the deregulation at the transcriptional level of the genes encoding Rab proteins and Rab-interacting proteins in bladder cancer pathogenesis, distinguishing between the two main progression pathways so far identified in bladder cancer: the Ta pathway characterized by a high frequency of FGFR3 mutation and the carcinoma in situ pathway where no or infrequent FGFR3 mutations have been identified...
2012: PloS One
Masaki Takagi, Tomohiro Ishii, Aileen M Barnes, Maryann Weis, Naoko Amano, Mamoru Tanaka, Ryuji Fukuzawa, Gen Nishimura, David R Eyre, Joan C Marini, Tomonobu Hasegawa
Prolyl 3-hydroxylase 1 (P3H1), encoded by the LEPRE1 gene, forms a molecular complex with cartilage-associated protein (CRTAP) and cyclophilin B (encoded by PPIB) in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). This complex is responsible for one step in collagen post-translational modification, the prolyl 3-hydroxylation of specific proline residues, specifically α1(I) Pro986. P3H1 provides the enzymatic activity of the complex and has a Lys-Asp-Glu-Leu (KDEL) ER-retrieval sequence at the carboxyl terminus. Loss of function mutations in LEPRE1 lead to the Pro986 residue remaining unmodified and lead to slow folding and excessive helical post-translational modification of type I collagen, which is seen in both dominant and recessive osteogenesis imperfecta (OI)...
2012: PloS One
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