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Intravenous vascular access

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427533/utilization-of-a-biomedical-device-veinviewer-%C3%A2-to-assist-with-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-piv-insertion-for-pediatric-nurses
#1
Heidi L McNeely, Theresa L Ream, Jodi M Thrasher, Oliwier Dziadkowiec, Tiffany J Callahan
PURPOSE: Vascular access in pediatric patients can be challenging even with the currently available technological resources. This nurse-driven research study explored time, cost, and resources for intravenous access to determine if a biomedical device, VeinViewer ® Vision, would facilitate improvements in pediatric access. In addition, this study looked at nurse perceptions of skills and confidence around intravenous insertion and if the use of the VeinViewer ® impacted these perceptions...
February 10, 2018: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385901/opat-proof-of-concept-in-a-peripheral-belgian-hospital-after-review-of-the-literature
#2
Annick Smismans, Astrid Vantrappen, Freija Verbiest, Christophe Indevuyst, Bea Van den Poel, Sandrina von Winckelmann, Annelore Peeters, Sara Ombelet, Peter Lybeert, Andre Heremans, Eric Frans, Erwin Ho, Johan Frans
Since its introduction in the 1970s in the United States, outpatient parenteral antibiotic/antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) has been adopted internationally for long-term intravenous (IV) treatment of stable infectious diseases. The aim is to provide a safe and successful completion of IV antimicrobial treatment at the ambulatory care center or at home without complications and costs associated with hospitalization. OPAT implementation has been accelerated by progress in vascular access devices, newly available antibiotics, the emphasis on cost-savings, as well as an improved patient comfort and a reduced incidence of health care associated infections with a similar outcome...
January 31, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366423/therapeutic-approach-to-patients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-and-end-stage-renal-disease
#3
Chakradhari Inampudi, Paulino Alvarez, Rabea Asleh, Alexandros Briasoulis
Several risk factors including Ischemic heart disease, uncontrolled hypertension, high output heart failure (HF) from shunting through vascular hemodialysis access, and anemia, contribute to development of HF in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Guideline-directed medical and device therapy for Heart Failure with Reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF) has not been extensively studied and may have limited safety and efficacy in patients with ESRD. Maintenance of interdialytic and intradialytic euvolemia is a key component of HF management in these patients but often difficult to achieve...
January 23, 2018: Current Cardiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333494/ensuring-adequate-vascular-access-in-patients-with-major-trauma-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#4
Kevin Verhoeff, Rachelle Saybel, Pamela Mathura, Bonnie Tsang, Vanessa Fawcett, Sandy Widder
Ensuring adequate vascular access in major trauma patients prior to decompensative physiological processes is crucial to patient outcomes. Most protocols suggest achieving two 18-gauge or larger intravenous lines immediately in patients with major trauma. We discuss a quality improvement approach to ensure that >90% of patients with major trauma (as defined by an injury severity score ≥12) at a level one trauma centre receive timely and adequate fluid access. Applying Donabedian principles for process improvement, we used the Alberta Trauma Registry to perform a 4-month chart audit on patients with major trauma at the University of Alberta Hospital...
2018: BMJ open quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310869/intraosseous-vascular-access-is-associated-with-lower-survival-and-neurologic-recovery-among-patients-with-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#5
Takahisa Kawano, Brian Grunau, Frank X Scheuermeyer, Koichiro Gibo, Christopher B Fordyce, Steve Lin, Robert Stenstrom, Robert Schlamp, Sandra Jenneson, Jim Christenson
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We seek to determine the effect of intraosseous over intravenous vascular access on outcomes after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. METHODS: This secondary analysis of the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Prehospital Resuscitation Using an Impedance Valve and Early Versus Delayed (PRIMED) study included adult patients with nontraumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrests treated during 2007 to 2009, excluding those with any unsuccessful attempt or more than one access site...
January 6, 2018: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301135/a-retrospective-analysis-of-dialysis-events-over-a-3-year-period-in-an-outpatient-dialysis-unit-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#6
Moustapha Ramadan, Gautam Hebbar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the difference in the rates of dialysis events stratified by vascular access type and to describe the microbiological profile and sensitivity patterns of positive blood cultures over a 3-year period. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The dialysis event data of 10751 chronic hemodialysis patients collected from March 2013 to February 2016 at an Outpatient Dialysis Unit in Kuwait were reviewed. The dialysis events studied were; use of intravenous (IV) antimicrobials, positive blood culture and signs of inflammation at the vascular access site...
January 4, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279063/evaluating-satisfaction-of-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-with-their-past-and-present-treatments-implications-for-future-therapies
#7
Jaison Jose, Erik B Lehman, Timothy Craig
BACKGROUND: Ever-expanding armamentarium of treatments for hereditary angioedema (HAE) are associated with various adverse effects, issues with vascular access, or lack of self-administration. OBJECTIVE: To understand patients' impressions and confidence in their past and present treatments, and identifying adverse events while also directly asking patients to reveal their hope for the future of HAE management and treatments. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, all subjects with laboratory-confirmed HAE were mailed a survey that they completed and returned to the researchers, and data were collected and entered into a secure online web application for surveys...
January 1, 2018: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148179/clinical-implications-of-de-barsy-syndrome
#8
Lindsay L Warner, David A Olsen, Hugh M Smith
BACKGROUND: De Barsy syndrome is a rare, autosomal recessive syndrome characterized by cutis laxa, progeroid appearance, ophthalmic opacification, skeletal malformations, growth delays, and intellectual disability. AIMS: The aim of this case series is to identify the anesthetic considerations in the clinical management of patients with de Barsy syndrome. METHODS: A retrospective case review from 1968 to 2016 was performed at a single tertiary medical center to identify patients with de Barsy syndrome who underwent anesthesia for diagnostic and surgical procedures...
November 17, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118889/successful-treatment-of-iatrogenic-external-iliac-artery-perforation-with-covered-stent-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Muhammad Umer Awan, Bassam Omar, Ghazanfar Qureshi, Ghulam Mustafa Awan
Retroperitoneal hemorrhage from iliac artery injury is a potentially serious complication of vascular interventional procedures leading to hemorrhagic shock and death if not diagnosed early and treated promptly. We report a 70-year-old male admitted to our facility with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, whose heart catheterization revealed left anterior descending artery (LAD) with 80% proximal, 95% mid and 100% distal disease. The left circumflex and right coronary arteries were 100% occluded proximally and received collaterals from the LAD...
October 2017: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072869/research-protocol-intravenous-access-during-resuscitation-the-ivar-trial
#10
Pwb Nanayakkara, Y M Smulder
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of central versus peripheral drug administration on the rate of return of organised electrical activity and/or spontaneous circulation during CPR. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. STUDY POPULATION: Hospitalized patients and patients presenting at the emergency department, older than 18 years, requiring CPR. INTERVENTION: Central venous access Main study parameters/endpoints: Combined primary endpoint: rate of appearance of organised electrical activity or return of spontaneous circulation...
2017: Acute Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068741/attitudes-towards-three-ultrasound-guided-vascular-access-techniques-in-a-paediatric-emergency-department
#11
Carrie Ng, Lorraine Ng, David O Kessler
BACKGROUND: although nurses often place peripheral intravenous (IV) catheters, little is known about their perceptions regarding use of ultrasound guidance. AIM: the authors aimed to determine paediatric emergency department nurses' attitudes toward ultrasound-guided IV access techniques and assessed practice change after training. METHOD: In a cross-sectional study of nurses, they had didactic and hands-on practice sessions, using three short-axis ultrasound-guided IV access techniques on gel models...
October 26, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056746/disabling-outcomes-after-peripheral-vascular-catheter-insertion-in-a-newborn-patient-a-case-of-medical-liability
#12
Matteo Bolcato, Marianna Russo, Damiano Donadello, Daniele Rodriguez, Anna Aprile
BACKGROUND The positioning of peripheral venous catheters (PVC) is an invasive procedure commonly performed in pediatrics hospital wards to obtain vascular access for the administration of fluids, medications and other intravenous (IV) therapies. Many studies exist about management of peripheral venous access in adults. On the contrary, scientific evidence on the management of this procedure in children and newborns, especially regarding the optimal duration of infusion and the possible related side effects, is still poor...
October 23, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041239/subcutaneous-veins-depth-measurement-using-diffuse-reflectance-images
#13
C M Goh, R Subramaniam, N M Saad, S A Ali, F Meriaudeau
Intravenous (IV) procedures are often difficult due to the poor visualization of subcutaneous veins. Because existing vein locators lack the ability to assess depth, and also because mis-punctures and poor vascular access remain problematic, we propose an imaging system that employs diffuse reflectance images at three isosbestic wavelengths to measure both the depth and thickness of subcutaneous veins. This paper describes the proposed system as well as proof-of-principle experimental demonstrations. We initially introduce the working principle and structure of the system...
October 16, 2017: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983851/a-deep-learning-system-for-fully-automated-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-picc-tip-detection
#14
Hyunkwang Lee, Mohammad Mansouri, Shahein Tajmir, Michael H Lev, Synho Do
A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is a thin catheter that is inserted via arm veins and threaded near the heart, providing intravenous access. The final catheter tip position is always confirmed on a chest radiograph (CXR) immediately after insertion since malpositioned PICCs can cause potentially life-threatening complications. Although radiologists interpret PICC tip location with high accuracy, delays in interpretation can be significant. In this study, we proposed a fully-automated, deep-learning system with a cascading segmentation AI system containing two fully convolutional neural networks for detecting a PICC line and its tip location...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969140/therapeutic-plasma-exchange-an-emerging-treatment-modality-in-patients-with-neurologic-and-non-neurologic-diseases
#15
Shreedevi S Bobati, Karkal Ravishankar Naik
INTRODUCTION: Therapeutic Plasma Exchange (TPE) is a procedure in which the patient's blood is passed through an apheresis machine, where the filtered plasma is removed and discarded with reinfusion of red blood cells along with replacement fluid such as plasma or albumin in to the patient. We present our experience with TPE in treatment of various neurologic and non-neurologic diseases. AIM: To evaluate TPE as primary therapy or as a first-line adjunct to other initial therapies as mentioned by American Society for Apheresis (ASFA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947391/could-post-mortem-computed-tomography-angiography-inform-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-research
#16
Guy N Rutty, Claire Robinson, Jasmin Amoroso, Tim Coats, Bruno Morgan
AIM: Firstly, to develop an optimised chest compression post mortem computed tomography angiography protocol in the adult human during closed chest compression to investigate cardiopulmonary resuscitation blood flow, and secondly to provide preliminary observations of post-mortem anatomical cardiac chamber movement using a novel radiolucent static chest compression device. METHODS: Variable volumes of radiological contrast agent were injected intravenously into a series of consented human cadavers...
December 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940706/applied-anatomy-for-tibial-intraosseous-access-in-adults-a-radioanatomical-study
#17
Onur Polat, Ahmet Burak Oguz, Muge Gunalp Eneyli, Ayhan Comert, Halil Ibrahim Acar, Eray Tuccar
Intraosseous access is a method for providing vascular access in resuscitation of critically ill and injured patients when traditional intravenous access is difficult or impossible. There is a lack of detailed description for the landmark for the insertion point in the literature. The aim of this study was to determine the exact location for intraosseous access. Radiographic computed tomography (CT) images of a total of 50 dry tibia bones were obtained. With 5-mm intervals, for all transverse images and by selecting transverse section, measurements were taken from the thickness of the cortex at anterior margin and mid-line medial surface, distance from anterior margin, and mid-line medial surface of the tibia to the posterior wall of medullar cavity, distance from anterior margin and mid-line medial surface of the tibia to the posterior surface of the tibia...
September 22, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922054/economic-burden-of-pneumococcal-infections-in-children-under-5%C3%A2-years-of-age
#18
Mehmet Ceyhan, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Kubra Aykac, Basak Hacibedel, Egemen Ozbilgili
The present study aimed to determine the cost of childhood pneumococcal infections under 5 years of age and to provide further data for future health economy studies. Electronic medical records of children diagnosed with meningitis caused by S. pneumoniae and all-cause pneumonia, and acute otitis media (AOM) between January 2013-April 2014 were retrospectively evaluated. Direct costs for the treatments of hospitalized patients (pneumonia and pneumococcal meningitis) including costs of healthcare services consisted of costs of hospital bed, examination, laboratory analyses, scanning methods, consultation, vascular access procedures, and infusion and intravenous treatments...
September 18, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903524/pediatric-dental-clinic-associated-outbreak-of-mycobacterium-abscessus-infection
#19
Lindsay A Hatzenbuehler, Melissa Tobin-D'Angelo, Cherie Drenzek, Gianna Peralta, Lisa C Cranmer, Evan J Anderson, Sarah S Milla, Shelly Abramowicz, Jumi Yi, Joseph Hilinski, Roy Rajan, Matthew K Whitley, Verlia Gower, Frank Berkowitz, Craig A Shapiro, Joseph K Williams, Paula Harmon, Andi L Shane
Background: Mycobacterium abscessus is an uncommon cause of invasive odontogenic infection. Methods: M abscessus-associated odontogenic infections occurred in a group of children after they each underwent a pulpotomy. A probable case-child was defined as a child with facial or neck swelling and biopsy-confirmed granulomatous inflammation after a pulpotomy between October 1, 2013, and September 30, 2015. M abscessus was isolated by culture in confirmed case-children...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856499/correlation-between-arterial-spin-labeling-perfusion-and-histopathological-vascular-density-of-pediatric-intracranial-tumors
#20
Kazufumi Kikuchi, Akio Hiwatashi, Osamu Togao, Koji Yamashita, Koji Yoshimoto, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Satoshi O Suzuki, Toru Iwaki, Yuriko Suzuki, Hiroshi Honda
Traditional MRI methods for estimation of blood flow in brain tumors require high-flow injection of contrast agents through large-bore intravenous access, which limits their pediatric utility. In contrast, arterial spin-labeling (ASL) can be used without contrast media. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between tumor blood flow (TBF) measured by ASL and histopathological vascular density in pediatric brain tumors. Nineteen consecutive children were evaluated (10 boys, 9 girls; median age: 6 years; 8 high-grade and 11 low-grade tumors)...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
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