keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

fat embolism

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107310/the-renin-inhibitor-aliskiren-protects-rat-lungs-from-the-histopathologic-effects-of-fat-embolism
#1
Amanda N Fletcher, Agostino Molteni, Rakesh Ponnapureddy, Chirag Patel, Mark Pluym, Alan M Poisner
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism (FE) and the consequent FE syndrome occurring after trauma or surgery can lead to serious pulmonary injury, including ARDS and death. Current treatment of FE syndrome is limited to supportive therapy. We have shown in a rat model that the renin angiotensin system plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of FE because drugs interfering with the renin angiotensin system, captopril and losartan reduce the histopathologic pulmonary damage. The purpose of the current study was to determine if inhibition of renin by aliskiren, an FDA-approved drug for treating hypertension, would produce effective protection in the same model...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096988/successful-outcome-of-three-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-and-fat-embolism-syndrome-treated-with-intensive-exchange-transfusion
#2
Paul Greaves, Vivek Mathew, Catherine Peters, Susan Rowe, Roger J Amos, Dimitris A Tsitsikas
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a rare complication of sickle-cell disease (SCD) associated with extremely high mortality rates. It affects predominantly non-SS patients and those with previously mild disease. Rapid institution of exchange transfusion with an aim to reduce HbS to very low levels as soon as FES is suspected can be life-saving.
January 2017: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050810/erratum-to-role-of-interleukin-6-as-an-early-marker-of-fat-embolism-syndrome-a-clinical-study
#3
Shiva Prakash, Ramesh Kumar Sen, Sujit Kumar Tripathy, Indu Mohini Sen, R R Sharma, Sadhna Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050088/a-rare-case-of-intra-articular-heterotopic-ossification-of-knee-following-intra-medullary-nailing-of-fracture-tibia-in-a-patient-with-fat-embolism
#4
B Hari Krishnan, Yogesh Sharma, Anjan Prabhakara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045743/role-of-survival-time-and-injury-severity-in-fatal-pulmonary-fat-embolism
#5
Juliane Jarmer, Garyfalia Ampanozi, Michael J Thali, Stephan A Bolliger
Pulmonary fat embolism (PFE) is frequent in blunt trauma and may occasionally lead to death. A correlation between fracture grade and severity and PFE grade has been described before, but no correlation between PFE and survival time, fat crushing extent, fat crush grade, or number of body regions with fractures could be noted in this small study. To further examine this, we decided to examine the aforementioned points in a far larger study group.Autopsy protocols of 188 nonresuscitated fatalities with blunt trauma and without right heart injury, which underwent whole body dissection, were retrospectively reviewed concerning the presence and the severity of PFE, injuries, survival time, age, sex, and the body mass index...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032150/ocular-pain-and-impending-blindness-during-facial-cosmetic-injections-is-your-office-prepared
#6
Giselle Prado, Jose Rodríguez-Feliz
: Soft tissue filler injections are the second most common non-surgical procedure performed by the plastic surgeon. Embolization of intravascular material after facial injection is a rare but terrifying outcome due to the high likelihood of long-term sequela such as blindness and cerebrovascular accident. The literature is replete with examples of permanent blindness caused by injection with autologous fat, soft tissue fillers such as hyaluronic acid, PLLA, calcium hydroxyl-apatite, and even corticosteroid suspensions...
December 28, 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018064/cortical-blindness-along-with-motor-aphasia-an-unusual-presentation-of-fat-embolism-syndrome
#7
Umesh Kumar Meena, Ravinder Kumar Lamoria, Ravi Kant Millan, Piyush Agarwal, Mahendra Singh, Mahesh Chand Bansal
Fat embolism syndrome presented with the classical triad of respiratory manifestations (95%), cerebral effects (60%) and Petechial rash (33%). Focal neurological symptoms in the form of combined bilateral cortical blindness and motor aphasia even prior to respiratory symptoms have been never reported in previous literature. We describe a case of these rare focal neurological symptoms secondary to the fat embolism syndrome in a young adult male following closed femur fracture.
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005103/fat-embolism-syndrome-with-cerebral-fat-embolism-associated-with-long-bone-fracture
#8
Steven F DeFroda, Stephen A Klinge
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a well-known sequela of long-bone fracture and fixation. FES most commonly affects the pulmonary system. Brain emboli may lead to a symptomatic cerebral fat embolism (CFE), which is devastating. In this article, we review the presentation, causes, and management of FES presenting with CFE, report a case, and review the literature. The case involved an otherwise healthy 42-year-old woman who developed CFE after reamed intramedullary nail fixation of femoral and tibial shaft fractures during a single operation...
November 2016: American Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005015/simple-and-inexpensive-way-for-the-treatment-of-guidewire-induced-distal-coronary-perforation-subcutaneous-fat-tissue-embolization
#9
Metin Çağdaş, Süleyman Karakoyun, Mahmut Yesin, İbrahim Rencüzoğulları, İnanc Artaç
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995304/patient-specific-instrumentation-versus-conventional-knee-arthroplasty-comparative-study
#10
Vlad Predescu, Catalin Prescura, Razvan Olaru, Liliana Savin, Paul Botez, Bogdan Deleanu
BACKGROUND: The key to a successful knee replacement is restoring normal kinematics with a neutral alignment, thus a hip-knee-ankle (HKA) angle of 180° (within 3° limits). Conventional TKR is proven to have excellent results but relies in extensive visual referencing of bony landmarks. Customised cutting blocks provide accurate bone cuts, also lowering the risk of fat embolism, blood loss and operating time. METHOD: We share our experience comparing two different TKA techniques using patient specific instrumentation (PSI) with the Visionaire knee and conventional instrumentation (CVI) from the same system (Genesis II Smith&Nephew)...
December 19, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984227/physical-compatibility-of-propofol-sufentanil-mixtures
#11
Jarmila Zbytovská, Jana Gallusová, Lucie Vidlářová, Kamila Procházková, Jan Šimek, František Štěpánek
BACKGROUND: Combined infusions of propofol and sufentanil preparations are frequently used in clinical practice to induce anesthesia and analgesia. However, the stability of propofol emulsions can be affected by dilution with another preparation, sometimes leading to particle coalescence and enlargement. Such unwanted effects can lead to fat embolism syndrome after intravenous application. This study describes the physical stability of 5 commercially available propofol preparations mixed with sufentanil citrate solutions...
December 15, 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974938/spontaneous-vertebral-artery-dissection-with-multiple-supratentorial-and-infratentorial-acute-infarcts-in-the-posterior-circulation-case-report
#12
Cristea I, Popa C
The article represents a case of a young patient with atypical clinical and paraclinical presentation of vertebral artery dissection by multiple cerebral infarcts, localized at the supratentorial and infratentorial levels in the posterior circulation. A case of a 21-year-old man, without a history of trauma in the cervical area or at the cranial level, without recent chiropractic maneuvers or practicing a sport, which required rapid, extreme, rotational movements of the neck, was examined. He presented to the emergency room with nausea, numbness of the left limbs, dysarthria, and incoordination of walking, with multiple objective signs at the neurological examination, which revealed right vertebral artery subacute dissection after the paraclinical investigations...
July 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966044/gd-eob-dtpa-enhanced-mri-for-monitoring-future-liver-remnant-function-after-portal-vein-embolization-and-extended-hemihepatectomy-a-prospective-trial
#13
Dominik Geisel, Philip Raabe, Lutz Lüdemann, Maciej Malinowski, Martin Stockmann, Daniel Seehofer, Johann Pratschke, Bernd Hamm, Timm Denecke
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate changes in liver function after right portal vein embolization (PVE) and extended right hemihepatectomy using gadolinium ethoxybenzyl-DTPA-enhanced (Gd-EOB-DTPA) MRI. METHODS: In this prospective trial, 37 patients undergoing PVE were examined before and 14 and 28 days after PVE and 10 days after extended hemihepatectomy using Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI. Lobar volume, kinetic growth rate (KGR), relative enhancement (RE) as well as hepatocellular uptake index (HUI) and fat signal fraction (FSF) were calculated for each lobe...
December 13, 2016: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863899/ct-angiography-post-processed-contrast-enhancement-for-improved-detection-of-pulmonary-embolism
#14
Daniela Muenzel, Alexander A Fingerle, Tina Zahel, Andreas Sauter, Alain Vlassenbroek, Martin Dobritz, Ernst J Rummeny, Peter B Noël
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to improve the detection of pulmonary embolism via an iodine contrast enhancement tool in patients who underwent suboptimal enhanced computed tomography angiography (CTA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We evaluated the CT examinations of 41 patients who underwent CTA for evaluation of the pulmonary arteries which suffered from suboptimal contrast enhancement. The contrast enhancement of the reconstructed images was increased via a post-processing tool (vContrast)...
November 15, 2016: Academic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833712/partially-thrombosed-internal-maxillary-pseudoaneurysm-after-gunshot-wound
#15
Menachem Gold
A 29-year-old man arrived in our emergency department after being shot on the face. Computed tomography (CT) revealed multiple facial bone fractures along the bullet trajectory. On day 10 of admission, CT angiogram of the neck revealed a partially thrombosed pseudoaneurysm in the parapharyngeal fat pad. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with coil embolization. This report discusses diagnosis and treatment of a partially thrombosed internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysm. Although digital subtraction angiography is the gold standard for pseudoaneurysm diagnosis, CT angiography may provide complimentary information, as seen in this case...
November 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783380/common-pitfalls-in-point-of-care-ultrasound-a-practical-guide-for-emergency-and-critical-care-physicians
#16
REVIEW
Pablo Blanco, Giovanni Volpicelli
BACKGROUND: Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is a widely used tool in emergency and critical care settings, useful in the decision-making process as well as in interventional guidance. While having an impressive diagnostic accuracy in the hands of highly skilled operators, inexperienced practitioners must be aware of some common misinterpretations that may lead to wrong decisions at the bedside. OBJECTIVES: This article provides a revision list of common POCUS misdiagnoses usually found in practice and offers useful tips to recognize and avoid them...
December 2016: Critical Ultrasound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779587/the-renin-inhibitor-aliskiren-protects-rat-lungs-from-the-histopathological-effects-of-fat-embolism
#17
Amanda N Fletcher, Agostino Molteni, Rakesh Ponnapureddy, Chirag Patel, Mark Pluym, Alan M Poisner
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism (FE) and the consequent fat embolism syndrome (FES) occurring after trauma or surgery can lead to serious pulmonary injury, including ARDS and death. Current treatment of FES is limited to supportive therapy. We have shown in a rat model that the renin angiotensin system (RAS) plays a significant role in the pathophysiology of FE since drugs interfering with the RAS, captopril and losartan, reduce the histopathologic pulmonary damage. The purpose of the current study was to determine if inhibition of renin by aliskiren, an FDA-approved drug for treating hypertension, would produce effective protection in the same model...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772594/cerebral-fat-embolism-after-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery
#18
Maenia Scarpino, Giovanni Lanzo, Francesco Cappelli, Marco Moretti, Gianni Misuri, Luca Voltolini, Massimo Pistolesi, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo
Cerebral fat embolism (CFE) is an uncommon disease occurring mainly after traumatic lower limb long bone fractures. A 64-year-old woman with pneumonia and bilateral pleural effusion underwent video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). After 3 days, the patient had an acute decrease in consciousness level followed by the onset of seizures and right hemiparesis. Brain computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed findings suggestive of CFE. CFE occurring after an uncommon nontraumatic cause of fat embolism, such as VATS, is a rare clinical event whose diagnosis could be challenging...
November 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763945/paracentral-acute-middle-maculopathy-associated-with-retinal-artery-occlusion-after-cosmetic-filler-injection
#19
Jayanth Sridhar, Abtin Shahlaee, Wen-Shi Shieh, Ehsan Rahimy
PURPOSE: To report a single case of paracentral acute middle maculopathy in association with retinal artery occlusion in the setting of ipsilateral facial cosmetic filler injection. METHODS: Case report. PATIENT: A 35-year-old woman presenting with sudden vision loss to finger count vision immediately after left nasal fat pad cosmetic filler injection. RESULTS: Dilated funduscopic examination revealed a swollen optic disc with multiple branch arterial occlusions with visible embolic material...
January 2017: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757364/microcirculatory-response-in-vivo-on-local-intraarterial-infusion-of-autogenic-adipose-derived-stem-cells-or-stromal-vascular-fraction
#20
Wei Z Wang
: Both adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) and stromal vascular fraction (SVF) have been demonstrated to have regenerative properties with therapeutic potential for numerous diseases through local or topical applications. However, it is unclear whether ASC or SVF can be delivered systemically through an intra-arterial infusion. The purpose of this study was to examine the microcirculatory response in vivo on local intraarterial infusion of autogenic ASCs or SVF in a vascular pedicle isolated rat cremaster microcirculation model...
September 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
keyword
keyword
36127
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"