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fat embolism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634507/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-diagnosis-of-cerebral-fat-embolism
#1
Joseph D Burns, Daniel Noujaim, Brian J Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612693/-a-man-with-hypoxaemia-after-a-femoral-fracture
#2
T D Koster, M van Dijk, D J Slebos
A 25-year-old male presented with fever and dyspnoea after a femoral fracture, which was treated with intramedullary nail fixation. Based on clinical criteria and a CT scan, the diagnosis fat embolism was made. He was treated conservatively and made a full recovery.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610768/intracranial-subarachnoid-fat-and-hemorrhage-secondary-to-sacral-fracture-with-spondylopelvic-dissociation
#3
J Carreres Polo, M V Álvarez Martínez, D Sánchez Mateos
We describe a case of fat droplets and blood in the cerebral subarachnoid space secondary in a patient with a complex sacral fracture without associated cranial trauma, a few days after admission. To our knowledge, there is only one published case with similar findings and without any other underlying lesion as cause. We explain the differences in the mechanism of production between this direct fat embolism and brain fat embolism syndrome, which is an intravascular embolism with different radiological appearance...
June 10, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559567/functional-end-arterial-circulation-of-the-choroid-assessed-by-using-fat-embolism-and-electric-circuit-simulation
#4
Ji Eun Lee, Ki Su Ahn, Keun Heung Park, Kang Yeun Pak, Hak Jin Kim, Ik Soo Byon, Sung Who Park
The discrepancy in the choroidal circulation between anatomy and function has remained unsolved for several decades. Postmortem cast studies revealed extensive anastomotic channels, but angiographic studies indicated end-arterial circulation. We carried out experimental fat embolism in cats and electric circuit simulation. Perfusion defects were observed in two categories. In the scatter perfusion defects suggesting an embolism at the terminal arterioles, fluorescein dye filled the non-perfused lobule slowly from the adjacent perfused lobule...
May 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536869/the-technique-and-benefits-of-angiographic-embolization-of-inferior-epigastric-arteries-prior-to-pedicled-tram-flap-breast-reconstruction-results-from-a-single-center
#5
Alysse J Sever, Chirag Patel, Yahya Albeer, Vigen B Darian
PURPOSE: To report a single center's experience with selective arterial embolization of the deep inferior epigastric arteries (DIEA) prior to pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction including techniques and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for 15 patients who underwent pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction after selective embolization of bilateral DIEA. Data were analyzed to display the spectrum of postoperative outcomes following the TRAM flap procedure status post-selective angiographic embolization of the bilateral DIEA to improve vascularity of the TRAM flaps by rendering the tissue partially ischemic to undergo neovascularization...
May 23, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501041/trauma-patient-with-fat-embolism-detected-on-computed-tomography
#6
Isabel Sousa, João Janeiro, Paula Campos, Isabel Távora
Fat embolism is frequent following fractures of long bones, however the development of the clinical syndrome of fat embolism (characterized by progressive respiratory distress, mental status depression and petechial rash) is rare, but relevant because of its potential severity. We report a case of a trauma patient with multiple fractures of the right lower limb in whom an emergency computed tomography scan showed fat emboli within the lumen of the homolateral common femoral vein. The imaging detection of macroscopic fat emboli should alert the clinician to the potential for subsequent fat embolism syndrome...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488413/preventing-and-treating-coronary-perforations-lessons-from-disaster-management
#7
EDITORIAL
Yader Sandoval, Emmanouil S Brilakis
Coronary artery perforations (CAP) are rare in patients undergoing routine PCI with recent contemporary databases reporting an incidence ∼0.3%. Older age, cardiomyopathy or left ventricular dysfunction, mechanical circulatory support prior to PCI, and CTO lesions have the strongest association with CAP. Prevention, early detection, preparedness and familiarity with the equipment used to treat perforations (such as efficient use of covered stents, and fat or coil embolization) and regrouping to examine and educate about these experiences are key for improving our response to cath lab disasters...
May 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485991/prevention-of-fat-embolism-in-fat-injection-for-gluteal-augmentation-anatomic-study-in-fresh-cadavers
#8
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, David Orozco-Rentería, Pablo Medina-Zamora, Eduardo Mota-Fonseca, Leonel García-Benavides, Jesus Cuenca-Pardo, Livia Contreras-Bulnes, Ana Rosa Ambriz-Plasencia, Jesus Aaron Curiel-Beltran
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction is a popular surgical procedure. As in any surgery, there are risks and complications, especially when combined with fat injection. Case reports of fat embolism have described a possible explanation as the puncture and tear of gluteal vessels during the procedure, especially when a deep injection is planned. METHODS: A total of 10 dissections were performed in five fresh cadavers. Each buttocks was divided into four quadrants. We focused on the location where the gluteal vessels enter the muscle and the diameter of the vessels...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459353/role-of-coagulopathy-in-glucocorticoid-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#9
Qiankun Zhang, Jin L V, Lie Jin
The two major theories of glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) are apoptosis and ischaemia. The traditional theory implicates ischaemia as the main aetiological factor because the final common pathway of ONFH is interruption of blood supply to the bone. The most common causes of interruption of blood supply include fat embolism and coagulation disorders. GCs can directly or indirectly lead to coagulation disorders, producing a hypercoagulable state, followed by poor blood flow, ischaemia, and eventually ONFH...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449860/timing-of-definitive-fixation-of-major-long-bone-fractures-can-fat-embolism-syndrome-be-prevented
#10
Taco J Blokhuis, Hans-Christoph Pape, Jan-Paul Frölke
Fat embolism is common in patients with major fractures, but leads to devastating consequences, named fat embolism syndrome (FES) in some. Despite advances in treatment strategies regarding the timing of definitive fixation of major fractures, FES still occurs in patients. In this overview, current literature is reviewed and optimal treatment strategies for patients with multiple traumatic injuries, including major fractures, are discussed. Considering the multifactorial etiology of FES, including mechanical and biochemical pathways, FES cannot be prevented in all patients...
April 24, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428230/hypodense-artery-sign-in-cerebral-fat-embolism
#11
EDITORIAL
Jose David Avila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420628/liposuction-induced-fat-embolism-syndrome
#12
Colby A Cantu, Elizabeth N Pavlisko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413775/an-interesting-case-of-mycoplasma-pneumonia-associated-multisystem-involvement-and-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage
#13
Rashmi Mishra, Edison Cano, Sindhaghatta Venkatram, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
Severe mycoplasma pneumonia is a rare entity with only 0.5-2% of cases having a fulminant course. We present a 74-year-old woman with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and remote history of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma admitted with abdominal pain and diarrhea of 1-2 days associated with body-aches, dyspnea, dry cough and weight loss for 2-3 weeks. On physical exam, she was febrile, tachypneic, tachycardic and hypoxic on room air. Chest examination revealed diffuse crackles and end-expiratory wheezes. Laboratory tests showed anemia, acute-on-chronic kidney injury and hyaline casts and epithelial cells in the urine analysis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400942/treatment-of-distal-left-anterior-descending-artery-perforation-with-fat-embolization
#14
Galal Ahmed Abushahba, Salem Abujalala, Mehmood S Butt
Coronary perforation is a potentially fatal complication during percutaneous coronary intervention. Reports have shown that it occurs in 0.2 to 0.6% of all patients undergoing the procedures. Although the frequency of coronary perforation is low, it is a serious and potentially life-threatening situation that warrants prompt recognition and management. Here we present a case of distal coronary perforation, and review the management of coronary perforation in the current practice.
October 2016: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369293/report-on-mortality-from-gluteal-fat-grafting-recommendations-from-the-aserf-task-force
#15
M Mark Mofid, Steven Teitelbaum, Daniel Suissa, Arturo Ramirez-Montañana, Denis C Astarita, Constantino Mendieta, Robert Singer
Background: Gluteal fat grafting is among the fastest growing aesthetic procedures in the United States and around the world. Given numerous anecdotal and published reports of fatal and nonfatal pulmonary fat embolism resulting from this procedure, the Aesthetic Surgery Education and Research Foundation (ASERF) formed a Task Force to study this complication. Objectives: To determine the incidence of fatal and nonfatal pulmonary fat embolism associated with gluteal fat grafting and provide recommendations to decrease the risks of the procedure...
March 21, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323763/prospective-randomized-clinical-trial-investigating-the-effect-of-the-reamer-irrigator-aspirator-on-the-volume-of-embolic-load-and-respiratory-function-during-intramedullary-nailing-of-femoral-shaft-fractures
#16
Jeremy A Hall, Michael D McKee, Milena R Vicente, Zachary A Morison, Niloofar Dehghan, Christine E Schemitsch, Hans J Kreder, Brad Petrisor, Emil H Schemitsch
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine whether the use of the Reamer-Irrigator-Aspirator (RIA) device resulted in a decreased amount of fat emboli compared with standard reaming (SR) when performing intramedullary (IM) nailing of femoral shaft fractures. DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Multi-centered trial, level I trauma centers. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: All eligible patients who presented to participating institutions with an isolated femoral shaft fracture amenable to fixation with antegrade IM nailing...
April 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316965/surgical-outcomes-of-biologic-fixation-for-subtrochanteric-fracture-using-locking-compression-plates
#17
Jae Hoon Jang, Jae Min Ahn, Hee Jin Lee, Nam Hoon Moon
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the surgical outcomes of biologic plating using locking compression plate-distal femur (LCP-DF) in patients with subtrochanteric fracture of the femur. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2010 and December 2013, 28 consecutive patients with subtrochanteric fractures of the femur, treated with biologic fixation using LCP-DF, were enrolled. Preoperative values, including patient age, sex, body mass index, fracture type, type of lung injury, and surgical timing from injury to surgery, were retrospectively evaluated...
March 2017: Hip & Pelvis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303639/covered-stent-implantation-through-a-single-8-french-guide-catheter-for-the-management-of-a-distal-coronary-perforation
#18
Yader Sandoval, Angie S Lobo, Emmanouil S Brilakis
Distal coronary perforation can cause early or late tamponade and is usually treated with fat or coil embolization. An alternative treatment strategy is occlusion of the ostium of the perforated vessel via implantation of a covered stent in the main vessel, which is typically achieved using the ping-pong guide catheter technique. In this technique, a balloon is inflated over one guide catheter to stop pericardial bleeding and a covered stent is delivered through a second guide catheter due to inability to fit both a balloon and a covered stent through a single guide catheter...
March 17, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291713/scaled-signal-intensity-of-uterine-fibroids-on-t2-weighted-mr-imaging-as-a-predictor-of-the-potential-response-to-uterine-fibroid-embolization
#19
Seung Hun Kang, Shin Jae Lee, Gyeong Sik Jeon, Sang-Wook Yoon
PURPOSE: To determine feasibility of scaled signal intensity (SSI) of uterine fibroids on T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images to predict volume reduction rate (VRR) after uterine fibroid embolization (UFE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 66 premenopausal women underwent UFE. Patients underwent follow-up MR imaging 3 months after UFE. SSI of predominant fibroids was measured on T2-weighted MR images obtained before the procedure by standardizing the mean signal intensity to a 0-to-100 scale, with 0 representing rectus abdominis muscle and 100 representing subcutaneous fat (100) for reference values...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288410/coronary-fat-embolism-following-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-an-experimental-study
#20
Ednan Bayram, Canan Atalay, Ender Altaş, Yavuzer Koza, Eşref Kabalar, Mahmut Açıkel, Mehmet Dumlu Aydın
BACKGROUND: Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) can lead to neurogenic pulmonary edema (NPE), and chylomicron metabolism may be altered unfavorably in acute lung injury. This study aimed to investigate the possible effect of NPE on the development of coronary fat embolism. METHODS: This study was conducted on 27 rabbits, 5 of which were used as the control (n=5). Experimental SAH was induced in 15 of the animals by injecting homologous blood into the cisterna magna, and the remaining 7 animals were administered only isotonic saline solution (Sham, n=7) in the same manner under general anesthesia...
May 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
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