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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157214/segmental-ischaemic-infarction-of-the-iris-after-autologous-fat-injection-into-the-lower-eyelid-tissue-a-case-report
#1
Jaeyoung Kim, Sa Kang Kim, Mee Kum Kim
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat injection is getting popular in cosmetic procedures, however, still has a risk of fat embolism. Herein, we report the first case of segmental ischaemic infarction of the iris, which occurred after autologous fat injection into the lower eyelid. CASE PRESENTATION: A 28-year-old Korean woman complained of the discolouration of the iris after the fat injection. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy revealed segmental depigmented atrophic iris with sectoral sphincter palsy...
November 21, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153397/embolic-stroke-due-to-carotidynia-potentially-associated-with-moving-carotid-artery-caused-by-swallowing
#2
Yoshitaka Yamaguchi, Mikito Hayakawa, Naoto Kinoshita, Chiaki Yokota, Toshiya Ishihara, Kazunori Toyoda
A 63-year-old woman with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis discontinued her medication for rheumatoid arthritis with prednisolone and azathioprine. One month later, she was admitted because of consciousness disturbance and right hemiparesis. Diffusion-weighted brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple hyperintensities in her left frontal and parietal lobes. She also developed high fever and left neck pain. Carotid ultrasonography showed calcified plaque with vessel wall swelling at the bifurcation of the left common carotid artery (LCCA) and surrounding hypoechoic soft tissue...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135892/-lower-body-lift-in-the-massive-weight-loss-patient-a-new-classification-and-algorithm-for-gluteal-augmentation
#3
Taliah Schmitt, Samer Jabbour, Rani Makhoul, Warren Noel, Anne-Sophie Reguesse, Philippe Levan
BACKGROUND: An often neglected part of the lower body lift procedure is the gluteal region. The objective of this study is to classify the massive weight loss (MWL) patients undergoing a body lift procedure and provide a safe, standardized approach for gluteal augmentation. METHODS: A retrospective review of all body lift procedures performed between January 2012 and January 2017 was conducted. Patients undergoing a lower body lift with or without gluteal augmentation were included for analysis...
November 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123567/neurological-effects-of-fat-embolism-syndrome-a-case-report
#4
Emma Shacklock, Andrew Gemmell, Nigel Hollister
Fat embolism syndrome is a serious multi-system pathology which classically affects the respiratory system, neurological system and causes a petechial rash. We present the case of a 20-year-old farmer who developed fat embolism syndrome following a traumatic femoral fracture. Features developed within 24 h of injury and necessitated a prolonged stay in Intensive Care. He exhibited significant signs of cerebral fat embolism syndrome including coma and seizures but went on to make full functional recovery. Magnetic resonance imaging is the recommended imaging modality for patients with suspected cerebral fat embolism...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090118/the-risks-of-renal-angiomyolipoma-reviewing-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Raouf M Seyam, Waleed K Alkhudair, Said A Kattan, Mohamed F Alotaibi, Hassan M Alzahrani, Waleed M Altaweel
Renal angiomyolipoma (RAML), though a rare benign tumor, may impose a significant morbidity or even mortality due to its unique characteristics and the complications subsequent to its treatment. The classic tumor variant is composed of smooth muscular, vascular, and fatty components. The most straightforward diagnosis is when the fat component is abundant and gives a characteristic appearance on different imaging studies. In fat-poor lesions, however, the diagnosis is difficult and presumed a renal cell carcinoma...
2017: Journal of Kidney Cancer and VHL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076330/assessment-of-correlation-between-time-period-and-risk-of-fat-embolism-after-liposuction-animal-model
#6
Kwang Ryeol Lim, Jeong-Min Cho, Chung-Min Yoon, Keun-Cheol Lee, Sang-Yun Lee, Mi-Ha Ju
Background: Liposuction has become one of the most frequently performed operation among the aesthetic surgical field recently. Fat embolism syndrome after liposuction is overlooked or underestimated easily. Occasionally, fulminating fat embolism syndrome could be developed and lead to critical situation within 2-3 days after lipoplasty. Time period changes in amount of circulating fat particle and histology of major organs are not studied yet. Methods: This study was conducted using 18 male Sprague Dawley rats aged 12weeks and weighing 500-628g (562g on average)...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075587/a-simple-and-easy-intramedullary-lavage-method-to-prevent-embolism-during-and-after-reamed-long-bone-nailing
#7
M N Baig, W Curtin
Reaming of the long bones is widely practiced because it allows for improved healing and early mobilization in patients needing surgical debridement of bone tissue. The insertion of reamed intramedullary nails can cause complications such as bone necrosis, cortical blood supply damage, and fat or bone marrow embolism. We describe a novel way to limit the amount of material in the canal before nail insertion to limit the chances of embolism.
August 25, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066903/fat-embolism-after-fractures-in-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-an-underdiagnosed-complication-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
David Feder, Miriam Eva Koch, Beniamino Palmieri, Fernando Luiz Affonso Fonseca, Alzira Alves de Siqueira Carvalho
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is the most frequent lethal genetic disease. Several clinical trials have established both the beneficial effect of steroids in Duchenne muscular dystrophy and the well-known risk of side effects associated with their daily use. For many years it has been known that steroids associated with ambulation loss lead to obesity and also damage the bone structure resulting in the bone density reduction and increased incidence of bone fractures and fat embolism syndrome, an underdiagnosed complication after fractures...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066650/subarachnoidal-fat-droplet-deposition-and-fat-embolism-syndrome
#9
Keisuke Yamamoto, Shigeki Kushimoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063494/bariatric-embolization-of-the-left-gastric-arteries-for-the-treatment-of-obesity-9-month-data-in-5-patients
#10
Zhi-Bin Bai, Yong-Lin Qin, Gang Deng, Guo-Feng Zhao, Bin-Yan Zhong, Gao-Jun Teng
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety and 9-month effectiveness of transcatheter left gastric artery embolization (LGAE) for treating patients with obesity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The protocol of this study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Review Board. Five obese patients (3 men and 2 women) with mean weight of 102.0 ± 16.19 kg (range, 82.1-125.5 kg) and mean body mass index (BMI) of 38.1 kg/m(2) ± 3.8 (range, 32.9-42...
October 23, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062816/fat-embolism-syndrome-in-femoral-shaft-fractures-does-the-initial-treatment-make-a-difference
#11
Jânio José Alves Bezerra Silva, Diogo de Almeida Diana, Victor Eduardo Roman Salas, Caio Zamboni, José Soares Hungria Neto, Ralph Walter Christian
OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors correlated with the initial treatment performed. METHODS: This is a retrospective study involving a total of 272 patients diagnosed with femoral shaft fractures. Of the patients, 14% were kept at rest until the surgical treatment, 52% underwent external fixation, 10% received immediate definitive treatment, and 23% remained in skeletal traction (23%) until definitive treatment. RESULTS: There were six cases of fat embolism syndrome (FES), which showed that polytrauma is the main risk factor for its development and that initial therapy was not important...
September 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051628/deadly-acute-decompression-sickness-in-risso-s-dolphins
#12
A Fernández, E Sierra, J Díaz-Delgado, S Sacchini, Y Sánchez-Paz, C Suárez-Santana, M Arregui, M Arbelo, Y Bernaldo de Quirós
Diving air-breathing vertebrates have long been considered protected against decompression sickness (DCS) through anatomical, physiological, and behavioural adaptations. However, an acute systemic gas and fat embolic syndrome similar to DCS in human divers was described in beaked whales that stranded in temporal and spatial association with military exercises involving high-powered sonar. More recently, DCS has been diagnosed in bycaught sea turtles. Both cases were linked to human activities. Two Risso's dolphin (Grampus griseus) out of 493 necropsied cetaceans stranded in the Canary Islands in a 16-year period (2000-2015), had a severe acute decompression sickness supported by pathological findings and gas analysis...
October 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040377/safest-practices-for-autologous-buttock-augmentation-with-fat-grafting-using-a-roller-pump-injection-technique
#13
Marc Everett, Rolando Morales, German Newall, Paul F Fortes, Kristi L Hustak, Christopher K Patronella, Henry A Mentz
Background: Autologous buttock augmentation with fat grafting has emerged as one of the preeminent modalities for body contouring employed by plastic surgeons today. Since 2009, we have used the roller pump injection technique. Objectives: This procedure can be performed safely without specialized equipment and eliminates the tasks of manual graft preparation and injection. We describe our technique and standard safety measures. The anatomy of and complications associated with liposuction and fat grafting were recorded and reviewed...
June 23, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993088/hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-orthopedic-literature-in-medical-journals-is-it-negatively-biased
#14
Ronald E Delanois, Chukwuweike U Gwam, Nicolas S Piuzzi, Morad Chughtai, Arthur L Malkani, Peter M Bonutti, Michael A Mont
BACKGROUND: Healthcare policy is often determined by well-designed studies most often published in high-impact medical journals. However, concern about the presence of publication bias against lower-extremity arthroplasty-related studies has called into question some of the validity of certain reports. There are only a few studies investigating the presence of the bias in high-impact medical journals against lower-extremity arthroplasty intervention, particularly in the Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA), New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), and the Lancet...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960338/a-new-approach-for-fat-removal-in-a-discontinuous-autotransfusion-device-concept-and-evaluation
#15
T F Seyfried, M Gruber, M T Pawlik, S Kasper, R J Mandle, E Hansen
BACKGROUND: Fat present during blood salvage in orthopaedic or cardiac surgery can pose a risk of fat embolism and should be eliminated before transfusion. Based on observations of central fat accumulation at the bottom of Latham bowls, a fat reduction program was developed using two volume displacements, where blood temporarily is removed and respun in the bowl to force the fat through the RBC sediment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Pooled ABO-matched RBC and FFP were adjusted to a haematocrit of 10%, and human fat tissue added to a concentration of 1·25 vol%...
September 27, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947428/fat-attacks-a-case-of-fat-embolisation-syndrome-postliposuction
#16
Adam Ali, George Theobald, Mohammed Asif Arshad
Liposuction is a procedure commonly performed in the UK usually with a low incidence of serious sequelae; however with larger patients and increased volumes of lipoaspirate, complications have been reported more frequently. One of the rare but very serious complications postliposuction is fat embolism syndrome (FES), a life-threatening condition difficult to diagnose and limited in treatment.The authors present the case of a 45-year-old woman who was admitted to the intensive care unit postelective liposuction for bilateral leg lipoedema...
September 25, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939719/clinical-characteristics-and-management-of-coronary-artery-perforations-a-single-center-11-year-experience-and-practical-overview
#17
Miguel E Lemmert, Rutger J van Bommel, Roberto Diletti, Jeroen M Wilschut, Peter P de Jaegere, F Zijlstra, Joost Daemen, Nicolas M Van Mieghem
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery perforation (CAP) is a potentially lethal complication of percutaneous coronary intervention. We report on the incidence, clinical characteristics, and management of iatrogenic coronary perforations based on an 11-year single-center experience. METHODS AND RESULTS: From February 9, 2005, through November 20, 2016, 150 CAP cases were identified from our percutaneous coronary intervention database of 21 212 procedures (0.71%). Mean age of CAP patients was 66±11 years, and 62...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932982/cerebral-fat-embolism-recognition-complications-and-prognosis
#18
Daniel Agustín Godoy, Mario Di Napoli, Alejandro A Rabinstein
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a rare syndrome caused by embolization of fat particles into multiple organs including the brain. It typically manifests with petechial rash, deteriorating mental status, and progressive respiratory insufficiency, usually occurring within 24-48 h of trauma with long-bone fractures or an orthopedic surgery. The diagnosis of FES is based on clinical and imaging findings, but requires exclusion of alternative diagnoses. Although there is no specific treatment for FES, prompt recognition is important because it can avoid unnecessary interventions and clarify prognosis...
September 20, 2017: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917061/use-of-lipid-emulsion-therapy-in-local-anesthetic-overdose
#19
Ozgur Karcioglu
The use of intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) therapy as antidote in systemic toxicity of certain agents has gained widespread support. There are increasing data suggesting use of ILE in reversing from local anesthetic-induced systemic toxicity severe, life-threatening cardiotoxicity, although findings are contradictory. Efficiency of ILE was demonstrated in animal studies in the treatment of severe impairment of cardiac functions, via a mechanism for trapping lipophilic drugs in an expanded plasma lipid compartment ("lipid sink")...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910912/-percutaneous-catheterization-for-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-a-retrospective-case-series
#20
X Y Li, H Y He, X Tang, R Wang, C Y Zhang, S Q Wang, B Sun, Z H Tong
Objective: To review the experience of percutaneous catheterization for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) by respiratory intensivists at a single institution. Methods: A retrospective review of 87 patients undergoing percutaneous catheterization for ECMO in Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of Beijing Chaoyang Hospital from November 2009 to January 2017. Subject demographics, type of support, cannulation configuration, types of cannulas, use of imaging modalities, and complications were recorded and summarized...
September 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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