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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749836/anatomic-study-of-ophthalmic-artery-embolism-following-cosmetic-injection
#1
Sufan Wu, Lei Pan, Hua Wu, Hangyan Shi, Ye Zhao, Yu Ji, Haifeng Zeng
INTRODUCTION: Cosmetic injections of dermal fillers or fat could cause ophthalmic artery embolism and even blindness, the high-risk regions of which are considered glabellar, nasal dorsum, and nasolabial fold. Understanding anatomy of the related arteries is important for a physician to safely perform filler injections. To investigate the mechanisms of ophthalmic artery embolism following the injections, cadaver anatomy was studied. METHODS: Ophthalmic artery, facial artery, their branches, and anastomoses among them were anatomized in 12 fresh cadavers...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749069/fatal-fat-embolism-after-penis-enlargement-by-autologous-fat-transfer-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#2
Brita Zilg, Petra Råsten-Almqvist
Fat embolism is an incidental finding in cases of long bone fractures or other trauma, but it is also associated with liposuction and autologous fat transfer, a procedure where fat from liposuction is injected back into the same patient's face, breast, buttocks or penis. We here present a case of sudden death by fat embolism in a healthy young male, caused by a simple penis enlargement procedure, in which fat was injected into the penis shaft. We suggest that the risk of fat embolization might be higher when pretraumatized tissue is subjected to fat injection, like in this case, where a penis elongation was performed before the fat injection...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708729/t2-weighted-and-diffusion-magnetic-resonance-imaging-differentiation-of-cerebral-fat-embolism-from-diffuse-axonal-injury
#3
Aaron M Rutman, Elliot J Rapp, Daniel S Hippe, Baoanh Vu, Mahmud Mossa-Basha
OBJECTIVE: This study differentiates cerebral fat embolism (CFE) and diffuse axonal injury (DAI) on diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) and T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Consecutive CFE and DAI cases were retrospectively selected. Hemorrhages were characterized by number, size/shape, and distribution, whereas DWI lesions by pattern. The number of hemorrhages was compared using the Mann-Whitney test with adjustment for multiple comparisons, whereas DWI abnormality was compared using Fisher exact test...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667706/an-autopsy-case-of-non-traumatic-fat-embolism-syndrome
#4
Mai Sakashita, Shingo Sakashita, Akiko Sakata, Noriko Uesugi, Kazunori Ishige, Ichinosuke Hyodo, Masayuki Noguchi
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) occurs after long bone fractures and the symptoms appear 24-72 h after the initial trauma. Fat emboli can affect both the pulmonary and systemic circulation. Apart from the most common type of FES that originates from bone fracture, non-traumatic FES has been also reported. We have experienced an autopsy case of non-traumatic FES. An 81-year-old man with hepatocellular carcinoma associated with alcoholic liver cirrhosis suddenly lost consciousness before transcatheter arterial chemoembolization treatment for his disease and died 5 h after the episode...
June 30, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662607/integrating-fat-embolism-syndrome-scoring-indices-in-sickle-cell-disease-a-practice-management-review
#5
Keneisha Bailey, Jagila Wesley, Adebayo Adeyinka, Louisdon Pierre
Fat embolism syndrome (FES) has been described in the literature as a rare complication of sickle cell disease (SCD). A review article published in 2005 reported 24 cases of FES associated with SCD. In many cases, a definitive diagnosis of FES in SCD is made on autopsy because of the lack of early recognition and the paucity of sensitive and specific testing for this syndrome. Patients with FES usually have a fulminant, rapidly deteriorating clinical course with mortality occurring within the first 24 hours...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656454/fat-embolism-syndrome
#6
Anselmo Caricato, Giovanni Russo, Daniele Guerino Biasucci, Maria Giuseppina Annetta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 27, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634507/susceptibility-weighted-imaging-diagnosis-of-cerebral-fat-embolism
#7
Joseph D Burns, Daniel Noujaim, Brian J Scott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Neurohospitalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612693/-a-man-with-hypoxaemia-after-a-femoral-fracture
#8
T D Koster, M van Dijk, D J Slebos
A 25-year-old male presented with fever and dyspnoea after a femoral fracture, which was treated with intramedullary nail fixation. Based on clinical criteria and a CT scan, the diagnosis fat embolism was made. He was treated conservatively and made a full recovery.
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610768/intracranial-subarachnoid-fat-and-hemorrhage-secondary-to-sacral-fracture-with-spondylopelvic-dissociation
#9
J Carreres Polo, M V Álvarez Martínez, D Sánchez Mateos
We describe a case of fat droplets and blood in the cerebral subarachnoid space secondary in a patient with a complex sacral fracture without associated cranial trauma, a few days after admission. To our knowledge, there is only one published case with similar findings and without any other underlying lesion as cause. We explain the differences in the mechanism of production between this direct fat embolism and brain fat embolism syndrome, which is an intravascular embolism with different radiological appearance...
June 10, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559567/functional-end-arterial-circulation-of-the-choroid-assessed-by-using-fat-embolism-and-electric-circuit-simulation
#10
Ji Eun Lee, Ki Su Ahn, Keun Heung Park, Kang Yeun Pak, Hak Jin Kim, Ik Soo Byon, Sung Who Park
The discrepancy in the choroidal circulation between anatomy and function has remained unsolved for several decades. Postmortem cast studies revealed extensive anastomotic channels, but angiographic studies indicated end-arterial circulation. We carried out experimental fat embolism in cats and electric circuit simulation. Perfusion defects were observed in two categories. In the scatter perfusion defects suggesting an embolism at the terminal arterioles, fluorescein dye filled the non-perfused lobule slowly from the adjacent perfused lobule...
May 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536869/the-technique-and-benefits-of-angiographic-embolization-of-inferior-epigastric-arteries-prior-to-pedicled-tram-flap-breast-reconstruction-results-from-a-single-center
#11
Alysse J Sever, Chirag Patel, Yahya Albeer, Vigen B Darian
PURPOSE: To report a single center's experience with selective arterial embolization of the deep inferior epigastric arteries (DIEA) prior to pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction including techniques and outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review was performed for 15 patients who underwent pedicled TRAM flap breast reconstruction after selective embolization of bilateral DIEA. Data were analyzed to display the spectrum of postoperative outcomes following the TRAM flap procedure status post-selective angiographic embolization of the bilateral DIEA to improve vascularity of the TRAM flaps by rendering the tissue partially ischemic to undergo neovascularization...
May 23, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501041/trauma-patient-with-fat-embolism-detected-on-computed-tomography
#12
Isabel Sousa, João Janeiro, Paula Campos, Isabel Távora
Fat embolism is frequent following fractures of long bones, however the development of the clinical syndrome of fat embolism (characterized by progressive respiratory distress, mental status depression and petechial rash) is rare, but relevant because of its potential severity. We report a case of a trauma patient with multiple fractures of the right lower limb in whom an emergency computed tomography scan showed fat emboli within the lumen of the homolateral common femoral vein. The imaging detection of macroscopic fat emboli should alert the clinician to the potential for subsequent fat embolism syndrome...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488413/preventing-and-treating-coronary-perforations-lessons-from-disaster-management
#13
EDITORIAL
Yader Sandoval, Emmanouil S Brilakis
Coronary artery perforations (CAP) are rare in patients undergoing routine PCI with recent contemporary databases reporting an incidence ∼0.3%. Older age, cardiomyopathy or left ventricular dysfunction, mechanical circulatory support prior to PCI, and CTO lesions have the strongest association with CAP. Prevention, early detection, preparedness and familiarity with the equipment used to treat perforations (such as efficient use of covered stents, and fat or coil embolization) and regrouping to examine and educate about these experiences are key for improving our response to cath lab disasters...
May 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485991/prevention-of-fat-embolism-in-fat-injection-for-gluteal-augmentation-anatomic-study-in-fresh-cadavers
#14
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, David Orozco-Rentería, Pablo Medina-Zamora, Eduardo Mota-Fonseca, Leonel García-Benavides, Jesus Cuenca-Pardo, Livia Contreras-Bulnes, Ana Rosa Ambriz-Plasencia, Jesus Aaron Curiel-Beltran
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction is a popular surgical procedure. As in any surgery, there are risks and complications, especially when combined with fat injection. Case reports of fat embolism have described a possible explanation as the puncture and tear of gluteal vessels during the procedure, especially when a deep injection is planned. METHODS: A total of 10 dissections were performed in five fresh cadavers. Each buttocks was divided into four quadrants. We focused on the location where the gluteal vessels enter the muscle and the diameter of the vessels...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459353/role-of-coagulopathy-in-glucocorticoid-induced-osteonecrosis-of-the-femoral-head
#15
Qiankun Zhang, Jin L V, Lie Jin
The two major theories of glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) are apoptosis and ischaemia. The traditional theory implicates ischaemia as the main aetiological factor because the final common pathway of ONFH is interruption of blood supply to the bone. The most common causes of interruption of blood supply include fat embolism and coagulation disorders. GCs can directly or indirectly lead to coagulation disorders, producing a hypercoagulable state, followed by poor blood flow, ischaemia, and eventually ONFH...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449860/timing-of-definitive-fixation-of-major-long-bone-fractures-can-fat-embolism-syndrome-be-prevented
#16
Taco J Blokhuis, Hans-Christoph Pape, Jan-Paul Frölke
Fat embolism is common in patients with major fractures, but leads to devastating consequences, named fat embolism syndrome (FES) in some. Despite advances in treatment strategies regarding the timing of definitive fixation of major fractures, FES still occurs in patients. In this overview, current literature is reviewed and optimal treatment strategies for patients with multiple traumatic injuries, including major fractures, are discussed. Considering the multifactorial etiology of FES, including mechanical and biochemical pathways, FES cannot be prevented in all patients...
June 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428230/hypodense-artery-sign-in-cerebral-fat-embolism
#17
EDITORIAL
Jose David Avila
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420628/liposuction-induced-fat-embolism-syndrome
#18
Colby A Cantu, Elizabeth N Pavlisko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413775/an-interesting-case-of-mycoplasma-pneumonia-associated-multisystem-involvement-and-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage
#19
Rashmi Mishra, Edison Cano, Sindhaghatta Venkatram, Gilda Diaz-Fuentes
Severe mycoplasma pneumonia is a rare entity with only 0.5-2% of cases having a fulminant course. We present a 74-year-old woman with hypertension, diabetes mellitus and remote history of marginal zone B-cell lymphoma admitted with abdominal pain and diarrhea of 1-2 days associated with body-aches, dyspnea, dry cough and weight loss for 2-3 weeks. On physical exam, she was febrile, tachypneic, tachycardic and hypoxic on room air. Chest examination revealed diffuse crackles and end-expiratory wheezes. Laboratory tests showed anemia, acute-on-chronic kidney injury and hyaline casts and epithelial cells in the urine analysis...
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400942/treatment-of-distal-left-anterior-descending-artery-perforation-with-fat-embolization
#20
Galal Ahmed Abushahba, Salem Abujalala, Mehmood S Butt
Coronary perforation is a potentially fatal complication during percutaneous coronary intervention. Reports have shown that it occurs in 0.2 to 0.6% of all patients undergoing the procedures. Although the frequency of coronary perforation is low, it is a serious and potentially life-threatening situation that warrants prompt recognition and management. Here we present a case of distal coronary perforation, and review the management of coronary perforation in the current practice.
October 2016: Heart Views: the Official Journal of the Gulf Heart Association
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