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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708231/sickle-cell-disease-fat-embolism-syndrome-and-starfield-pattern-on-mri
#1
Jennifer H Kang, Charles William Hargett, Theresa Sevilis, Matthew Luedke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685402/angiomyolipoma-of-the-kidneys-current-perspectives-and-challenges-in-diagnostic-imaging-and-image-guided-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Abdul Razik, Chandan J Das, Sanjay Sharma
Angiomyolipomas (AML) are benign tumors of the kidneys frequently encountered in radiologic practice in large tertiary centers. In comparison to renal cell carcinomas (RCC), AML are seldom treated unless they are large, undergo malignant transformation or develop complications like acute hemorrhage. The common garden triphasic (classic) AML is an easy diagnosis, however, some variants lack macroscopic fat in which case the radiologic differentiation from RCC becomes challenging. Several imaging features, both qualitative and quantitative, have been described in differentiating the 2 entities...
March 20, 2018: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650637/cerebral-fat-embolism-the-value-of-susceptibility-weighted-imaging
#3
EDITORIAL
Kathleen Kuh Leander Malgapo, Chinar Osman, Martin Prevett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2018: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602277/suspected-coronary-fat-embolism-after-liposuction
#4
Alisa Thamwiwat, Deepthi Sudhakar, David Paniagua, Ali E Denktas
A 38-year-old female presented with chest pain and ST elevation on electrocardiogram after an outpatient liposuction procedure. Emergent coronary angiography revealed complete occlusion of multiple coronary arteries, with fat embolism as the suspected etiology. Attempts to restore distal coronary flow with balloon dilatation, aspiration with Pronto catheter, and distal adenosine administration resulted in minimal improvement in flow. The material aspirated was consistent with fat. With supportive therapy, including Impella CP support, the patient's clinical condition improved...
March 30, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600926/-challenges-in-the-diagnostic-management-of-fat-embolism-syndrome-from-divergence-in-clinical-presentation-to-diagnosis
#5
R Rozema, P J van der Mast, M El Moumni, E A Boonstra, B Jacobs, H P A M Poos
This article discusses the diagnosis and management of two patients with cerebral fat embolism syndrome after traumatic femoral fractures. Fat embolism syndrome is a condition which is caused by fat globules in the systemic circulation; it most often occurs in patients with femoral fractures. Patients develop systemic dysfunction, particularly a triad of a petechial rash, respiratory and neurological dysfunction. The syndrome is characterized by a diverse clinical presentation which often necessitates a wide differential diagnosis...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568848/clinics-in-diagnostic-imaging-184-fat-embolism-syndrome-fes
#6
Dinesh R Singh, Ashish Chawla, Wilfred Cg Peh
A 23-year-old Indian man presented with shortness of breath and new-onset confusion along with a rash on his chest on Postoperative Day 2, following internal fixation of his femur fracture. Although computed tomography pulmonary angiography was negative for filling defects in the pulmonary vasculature, it showed mosaic attenuation changes with some interlobular septal thickening. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed patchy signal abnormalities, predominantly in the grey-white matter junction region with extensive susceptibility artefacts, consistent with petechial haemorrhages...
March 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29528771/lethal-fat-embolism-complicating-sotos-syndrome
#7
John D Gilbert, Roger W Byard
Sotos syndrome is a rare congenital syndrome caused by deletions or mutations in the NSD1 gene (chromosome 5q35) which results in overgrowth. A wide range of manifestations may result in unexpected and/or early death, including congenital cardiac malformations and tumours, epilepsy, intra-tumoural haemorrhage or embolism and bleeding diatheses. A case of lethal pulmonary fat embolism complicating revision of a left total hip replacement following spontaneous fracture is reported in a 39-year-old man with Sotos syndrome...
January 1, 2018: Medicine, Science, and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512104/delayed-cerebral-fat-embolism-occurring-after-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#8
Maenia Scarpino, Giovanni Lanzo, Marco Moretti, Giuseppe Olivo, Aldo Amantini, Antonello Grippo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495146/sudden-deaths-of-neonates-receiving-intravenous-infusion-of-lipid-emulsion-contaminated-with-citrobacter-freundii
#9
Ji Yun Bae, Chang Kyung Kang, Su Jin Choi, Eunyoung Lee, Pyoeng Gyun Choe, Wan Beom Park, Nam Joong Kim, Eui Chong Kim, Myoung Don Oh
At an intensive care unit, four neonates died consecutively within 80 minutes. Citrobacter freundii was isolated from blood samples of the 4 patients. It was also cultured from the leftover SMOFlipid that had been infused intravenously into the patients. In this in vitro study, we evaluated the bacterial growth kinetics and change in size of fat globules in SMOFlipid contaminated with C. freundii. Following the growth of bacteria, pH of SMOFlipid decreased to < 6, and the number of fat globules larger than 5 μm increased...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494761/a-rare-fatal-complication-of-llizarov-procedure
#10
Asit Kumar Sikary, Mahesh Kumar, Shivani Dhaka, Arulselvi Subramanian
Ilizarov process is used for the management of multiple fractures, polytrauma conditions, cosmetic limb lengthening, and fracture malunion. Complications associated with the process are nerve palsy, joint contracture, premature or delayed osseous consolidation, a nonunion and permanent stiffness of the joint, pin tract infection, edema, and transient paresthesia, etc. In our case, there was a fatal complication. A 25-year-old African lady underwent the Ilizarov procedure for femur lengthening in a hospital in New Delhi, India...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465484/expansion-vibration-lipofilling-a-new-technique-in-large-volume-fat-transplantation
#11
Daniel Del Vecchio, Simeon Wall
BACKGROUND: Despite rapid growth, gluteal fat transplantation is an operation in search of science and a teachable technique. Long operating times, tedious syringe transfers, inability to shape the recipient site, and the risk of fat embolism all headline as impediments to clinical adoption of the procedure. Expansion vibration lipofilling is a syringe-free surgical strategy that is a logical extension of Separation, Aspiration, and Fat Equalization (SAFELipo). In expansion vibration lipofilling, there is simultaneous disruption of recipient-site connective tissue, internal expansion using exploded-tip cannulas, and backfilling of these spaces with roller pump-propelled fat...
May 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464686/fatal-complications-of-aesthetic-techniques-the-gluteal-region
#12
Amy V Rapkiewicz, Katherine Kenerson, Kenneth D Hutchins, Fintan Garavan, Emma O Lew, Mark J Shuman
Cosmetic procedures are common and utilize many techniques to obtain aesthetically good outcomes for patient satisfaction with acceptable safety standards. Cosmetic procedures that involve the gluteal region are becoming increasingly popular as various procedures can target the gluteal region such as liposuction, tumescent liposuction, cosmetic filler injections, autologous fat transfer, depot drug delivery, and implants. Complications of cosmetic gluteal procedures can be localized or systemic with systemic complications being responsible for most deaths...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432575/multiple-common-co-morbidities-produce-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-associated-with-coronary-microvascular-dysfunction-oxidative-stress-and-myocardial-stiffening
#13
O Sorop, I Heinonen, M van Kranenburg, J van de Wouw, V J de Beer, T N Nguyen, Y Octavia, R W B van Duin, K Stam, R J van Geuns, P A Wielopolski, G P Krestin, A H van den Meiracker, R Verjans, M van Bilsen, A H J Danser, W J Paulus, C Cheng, W A Linke, J A Joles, M C Verhaar, J van der Velden, D Merkus, D J Duncker
Rationale: More than 50% of patients with heart failure have preserved ejection fraction characterized by diastolic dysfunction. The prevalance of diastolic dysfunction is higher in females and associates with multiple comorbidities such as hypertension (HT), obesity, hypercholesterolemia (HC) and diabetes mellitus (DM), although its pathophysiology remains incompletely understood. It has been proposed that the co-morbidities induce systemic inflammation, cardiac microvascular dysfunction and oxidative stress, leading to myocardial fibrosis, myocyte stiffening and ultimately, diastolic dysfunction...
February 8, 2018: Cardiovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426675/the-use-of-cerebral-imaging-for-investigating-delirium-aetiology
#14
Zina Hijazi, Peter Lange, Rosie Watson, Andrea B Maier
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the frequency and patterns of use of cerebral imaging in delirium and to describe pathological changes associated with delirium using computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This retrospective observational study included patients with delirium admitted to a tertiary hospital (The Royal Melbourne Hospital, Australia) between January 2015 and August 2016. Data on cerebral imaging was collected and positive imaging findings were defined as: Acute or subacute infarct, haemorrhage, abscess, neoplasm, vasculitis, posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome, encephalitis, acute demyelination, or fat embolism...
February 6, 2018: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398412/superselective-transcatheter-arterial-embolization-for-large-unruptured-renal-angiomyolipoma-in-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#15
Hitomi Kato, Ryohei Kuwatsuru, Tatsuro Inoue, Shingo Okada, Mari Aida, Yuki Yamashiro
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate therapeutic performance and complications of superselective transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for unruptured renal angiomyolipoma (AML) in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and to investigate the correlation between percentage reduction in tumor volume and intratumoral fat content. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Superselective TAE was performed in 14 consecutive patients with 15 large unruptured renal AMLs associated with LAM (mean age, 38 y; range, 21-57 y)...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390496/a-study-on-dynamic-monitoring-components-and-risk-factors-of-embolism-during-total-knee-arthroplasty
#16
Kang Lu, Mingtao Xu, Wei Li, Kai Wang, Dawei Wang
BACKGROUND: Fat embolism is a common complication of orthopedic surgery. However, the exact component and risk factor responsible for this complication remains unelucidated. This study aimed to detect the origin of the pulmonary embolus and identify relevant risk factors of pulmonary embolism in total knee replacement. METHODS: A total of 40 osteoarthritis patients who underwent primary unilateral TKA were recruited into this study. Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) was utilized to dynamically monitor the embolism...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378352/atherothrombosis-and-thromboembolism-position-paper-from-the-second-maastricht-consensus-conference-on-thrombosis
#17
H M H Spronk, T Padro, J E Siland, J H Prochaska, J Winters, A C van der Wal, J J Posthuma, G Lowe, E d'Alessandro, P Wenzel, D M Coenen, P H Reitsma, W Ruf, R H van Gorp, R R Koenen, T Vajen, N A Alshaikh, A S Wolberg, F L Macrae, N Asquith, J Heemskerk, A Heinzmann, M Moorlag, N Mackman, P van der Meijden, J C M Meijers, M Heestermans, T Renné, S Dólleman, W Chayouâ, R A S Ariëns, C C Baaten, M Nagy, A Kuliopulos, J J Posma, P Harrison, M J Vries, H J G M Crijns, E A M P Dudink, H R Buller, Y M C Henskens, A Själander, S Zwaveling, O Erküner, J W Eikelboom, A Gulpen, F E C M Peeters, J Douxfils, R H Olie, T Baglin, A Leader, U Schotten, B Scaf, H M M van Beusekom, L O Mosnier, L van der Vorm, P Declerck, M Visser, D W J Dippel, V J Strijbis, K Pertiwi, A J Ten Cate-Hoek, H Ten Cate
Atherothrombosis is a leading cause of cardiovascular mortality and long-term morbidity. Platelets and coagulation proteases, interacting with circulating cells and in different vascular beds, modify several complex pathologies including atherosclerosis. In the second Maastricht Consensus Conference on Thrombosis, this theme was addressed by diverse scientists from bench to bedside. All presentations were discussed with audience members and the results of these discussions were incorporated in the final document that presents a state-of-the-art reflection of expert opinions and consensus recommendations regarding the following five topics: 1...
February 2018: Thrombosis and Haemostasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369151/autologous-fat-graft-for-the-treatment-of-sighted-posttraumatic-enophthalmos-and-sunken-upper-eyelid
#18
Hui Chen, Qian Zhang, Qiu Qiu, Zhenglin Yang
PURPOSE: The treatment of enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid is challenging. Although autologous fat graft has been widely used in breast augmentation, buttock contouring, and facial rejuvenation, its application in enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid is not yet widely utilized. The clinical safety and value of autologous fat graft in sighted patients with enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid are unclear. This study retrospectively analyzed the cosmetic results and safety of autologous fat graft in the correction of sighted traumatic enophthalmos and sunken upper eyelid...
January 23, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368313/the-use-of-point-of-care-ultrasound-to-diagnose-patent-foramen-ovale-in-elective-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-patients-and-its-association-with-postoperative-delirium
#19
Nan Gai, Ronit Lavi, Philip M Jones, Hwa Lee, Douglas Naudie, Daniel Bainbridge
PURPOSE: Hip and knee arthroplasty surgeries are associated with embolism of materials such as air, cement, and fat. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a common congenital cardiac condition that has been reported to lead to paradoxical embolism. This observational study aimed to investigate if the presence of a PFO was associated with an increased risk of postoperative delirium in patients undergoing primary elective hip or knee arthroplasties. METHOD: This was a prospective cohort study at a tertiary teaching hospital...
January 24, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286843/where-does-the-transplanted-fat-is-located-in-the-gluteal-region-research-letter
#20
Guillermo Ramos-Gallardo, Pablo Medina-Zamora, Lázaro Cardenas-Camarena, David Orozco-Rentería, Héctor Duran-Vega, Eduardo Mota-Fonseca
INTRODUCTION: Liposuction is one of the most popular plastic surgery procedures. As in any surgery, there are risks and complications, especially when combined with fat injection. Case reports of fat embolism have been reported. A possible explanation is the puncture and tearing of gluteal vessels during the procedure, especially when a deep injection is planned. OBJECTIVE: To identify the places where fat can be located after injection during a fat graft in the gluteus...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
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