keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adaptive skills

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102714/validity-and-reliability-of-a-questionnaire-to-assess-social-skills-in-traumatic-brain-injury-a-preliminary-study
#1
Heather M Francis, Katherine Osborne-Crowley, Skye McDonald
OBJECTIVE: To describe the reliability and validity of a new measure, the Social Skills Questionnaire for Traumatic Brain Injury (SSQ-TBI). METHODS: Fifty-one adults with severe TBI completed the SSQ-TBI questionnaire. Scores were compared to informant- and self-report on questionnaires addressing frontal lobe mediated behaviour, as well as performance on an objective measure of social cognition and neuropsychological tasks, in order to provide evidence of concurrent, divergent and predictive validity...
January 19, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101879/private-sector-involvement-in-times-of-armed-conflict-what-are-the-constraints-for-trading-medical-equipment
#2
Georg Schmidt
OBJECTIVE: Today, healthcare facilities are highly dependent on the private sector to keep their medical equipment functioning. Moreover, private sector involvement becomes particularly important for the supply of spare parts and consumables. However, in times of armed conflict, the capacity of the corporate world appears to be seriously hindered. Subsequently, this study researches the influence of armed conflict on the private medical equipment sector. DESIGN: This study follows a qualitative approach by conducting 19 interviews with representatives of the corporate world in an active conflict zone...
November 2016: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096066/-happiness-inventors-informing-positive-computing-technologies-through-participatory-design-with-children
#3
Svetlana Yarosh, Stephen Matthew Schueller
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological interventions for children have typically focused on direct adaptations of interventions developed for adults. As the community moves toward designing positive computing technologies to support child well-being, it is important to use a more participatory process that directly engages children's voices. OBJECTIVE: Our objectives were, through a participatory design study, to understand children's interpretations of positive psychology concepts, as well as their perspectives on technologies that are best suited to enhance their engagement with practice of well-being skills...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095436/arraypitope-automated-analysis-of-amino-acid-substitutions-for-peptide-microarray-based-antibody-epitope-mapping
#4
Christian Skjødt Hansen, Thomas Østerbye, Paolo Marcatili, Ole Lund, Søren Buus, Morten Nielsen
Identification of epitopes targeted by antibodies (B cell epitopes) is of critical importance for the development of many diagnostic and therapeutic tools. For clinical usage, such epitopes must be extensively characterized in order to validate specificity and to document potential cross-reactivity. B cell epitopes are typically classified as either linear epitopes, i.e. short consecutive segments from the protein sequence or conformational epitopes adapted through native protein folding. Recent advances in high-density peptide microarrays enable high-throughput, high-resolution identification and characterization of linear B cell epitopes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095056/correlates-of-adaptive-functioning-in-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#5
Kyle M Frost, Natalie Hong, Catherine Lord
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) tend to have significant delays in adaptive functioning. In this study, the relationship between adaptive behavior and ASD symptomatology was investigated in minimally verbal, school-aged children with ASD (n = 333). Both the social affect (SA) and restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) domains from the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS) were analyzed in relation to adaptive skills. ADOS SA scores contributed unique variance to scores in each Vineland domain, though cognitive ability and age accounted for considerably more variance across domains...
January 2017: American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093024/reliability-and-validity-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-rapid-estimate-of-adult-literacy-in-dentistry-treald-30
#6
Kadriye Peker, Taha Emre Köse, Beliz Güray, Ömer Uysal, Tamer Lütfi Erdem
OBJECTIVE: To culturally adapt the Turkish version of Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (TREALD-30) for Turkish-speaking adult dental patients and to evaluate its psychometric properties. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After translation and cross-cultural adaptation, TREALD-30 was tested in a sample of 127 adult patients who attended a dental school clinic in Istanbul. Data were collected through clinical examinations and self-completed questionnaires, including TREALD-30, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP), the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), two health literacy screening questions, and socio-behavioral characteristics...
January 16, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079863/the-modified-patient-enablement-instrument-a-portuguese-cross-cultural-adaptation-validity-and-reliability-study
#7
Mafalda Remelhe, Pedro M Teixeira, Irene Lopes, Luís Silva, Jaime Correia de Sousa
Enabling patients with asthma to obtain the knowledge, confidence and skills they need in order to assume a major role in the management of their disease is cost effective. It should be an integral part of any plan for long-term control of asthma. The modified Patient Enablement Instrument (mPEI) is an easily administered questionnaire that was adapted in the United Kingdom to measure patient enablement in asthma, but its applicability in Portugal is not known. Validity and reliability of questionnaires should be tested before use in settings different from those of the original version...
January 12, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077731/%C3%AF-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-does-not-affect-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Andrea Horvath, Jan Łukasik, Hania Szajewska
BACKGROUND: Effective treatments for the core symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to update the data on the effectiveness of ω-3 (n-3) fatty acid (FA) supplementation as a treatment for ASD. METHODS: The Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases were systematically searched up until August 2016, with no language restrictions for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ω-3 FA supplementation with placebo or with no supplementation...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077712/changes-in-properties-of-auditory-nerve-synapses-following-conductive-hearing-loss
#9
Xiaowen Zhuang, Wei Sun, Matthew A Xu-Friedman
: Auditory activity plays an important role in the development of the auditory system. Decreased activity can result from conductive hearing loss (CHL) associated with otitis media, which may lead to long-term perceptual deficits. The effects of CHL have been mainly studied at later stages of the auditory pathway, but early stages remain less examined. However, changes in early stages could be important because they would affect how information about sounds is conveyed to higher-order areas for further processing and localization...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076599/applicability-of-the-spoken-knowledge-in-low-literacy-patients-with-diabetes-in-brazilian-elderly
#10
Jonas Gordilho Souza, Daniel Apolinario, José Marcelo Farfel, Omar Jaluul, Regina Miksian Magaldi, Alexandre Leopold Busse, Flávia Campora, Wilson Jacob-Filho
Objective: To translate, adapt and evaluate the properties of a Brazilian Portuguese version of the Spoken Knowledge in Low Literacy Patients with Diabetes, which is a questionnaire that evaluate diabetes knowledge. Methods: A cross-sectional study with type 2 diabetes patients aged ≥60 years, seen at a public healthcare organization in the city of Sao Paulo (SP). After the development of the Portuguese version, we evaluated the psychometrics properties and the association with sociodemographic and clinical variables...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076554/-training-of-health-professionals-in-breastfeeding-and-its-association-with-knowledge-skills-and-practices
#11
Patricia Carvalho de Jesus, Maria Inês Couto de Oliveira, José Rodrigo de Moraes
A cross-sectional study was conducted in the 15 hospitals with over 1000 deliveries/year in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to verify the association between training of health professionals in breastfeeding and professional knowledge, skills and practices. Interviews were staged with 215 health professionals, 48.4% working in Baby-Friendly Hospitals, by means of a questionnaire adapted from the revalidation instrument of the initiative. The three dichotomized outcomes were subjected to bivariate and multivariate analysis...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075089/autism-spectrum-disorder-primary-care-principles
#12
Kristian E Sanchack, Craig A Thomas
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by difficulty with social communication and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interest, or activities. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th ed., created an umbrella diagnosis that includes several previously separate conditions: autistic disorder, Asperger syndrome, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified. There is insufficient evidence to recommend screening for autism spectrum disorder in children 18 to 30 months of age in whom the disorder is not suspected; however, there is a growing body of evidence that early intensive behavioral intervention based on applied behavior analysis improves cognitive ability, language, and adaptive skills...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073051/older-peoples-strategies-for-coping-with-chronic-non-malignant-pain-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#13
REVIEW
Marie Crowe, Deborah Gillon, Jennifer Jordan, Cate McCall
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that chronic pain is not recognised or managed effectively in older people. It is important to examine how older people cope with this because of the impact it can have on their quality of life and mortality. It will also enable nurses to work with older people to support effective coping skills and provide information on other useful coping strategies. OBJECTIVES: To examine how older people cope with non-malignant chronic pain. DESIGN: This is a qualitative meta-synthesis using Confidence in the Evidence from Reviews of Qualitative Research developed by Grading of Recommendations Assessment Development and Evaluation working group to evaluate the strength of the evidence...
December 23, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071726/the-ppe2-protein-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-translocates-to-host-nucleus-and-inhibits-nitric-oxide-production
#14
Khalid Hussain Bhat, Shruti Srivastava, Sandeep Kumar Kotturu, Sudip Ghosh, Sangita Mukhopadhyay
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the bacterium that causes tuberculosis, is one of the most successful pathogens of humans. It has evolved several adaptive skills and evasion mechanisms to hijack the immunologically educated host to suit its intracellular lifestyle. Here, we show that one of the unique PPE family member proteins of M. tuberculosis, PPE2, can limit nitric oxide (NO) production by inhibiting inos gene transcription. PPE2 protein has a leucine zipper DNA-binding motif and a functional nuclear localization signal...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069561/cancer-survivors-experience-with-telehealth-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
Anna Cox, Grace Lucas, Afrodita Marcu, Marianne Piano, Wendy Grosvenor, Freda Mold, Roma Maguire, Emma Ream
BACKGROUND: Net survival rates of cancer are increasing worldwide, placing a strain on health service provision. There is a drive to transfer the care of cancer survivors-individuals living with and beyond cancer-to the community and encourage them to play an active role in their own care. Telehealth, the use of technology in remote exchange of data and communication between patients and health care professionals (HCPs), is an important contributor to this evolving model of care. Telehealth interventions are "complex," and understanding patient experiences of them is important in evaluating their impact...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068128/trans-individuals-facilitative-coping-an-analysis-of-internal-and-external-processes
#16
Stephanie L Budge, Mun Yuk Chin, Laura P Minero
Existing research on trans individuals has primarily focused on their negative experiences and has disproportionately examined coming-out processes and identity development stages. Using a grounded theory approach, this qualitative study sought to examine facilitative coping processes among trans-identified individuals. Facilitative coping was operationalized as processes whereby individuals seek social support, learn new skills, change behaviors to positively adapt, and find alternative means to seek personal growth and acceptance...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066947/training-in-eus-an-asian-perspective
#17
REVIEW
J Y Y Wong, P Kongkam, K Y Ho
Training of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in Asia faces two major challenges: (i) the ever-increasing demand for skills to handle a growing range of interventional EUS procedures; and (ii) a continual shortage of EUS training programs. As the therapeutic application of EUS continues to expand,(1, 2) the need to train more new endosonographers and upgrade skills of existing ones has become more critical than ever before. A formal fellowship to acquire EUS knowledge and skills in an advanced endoscopy centre has always been perceived as the best way of training novices, but such opportunities remain limited in most Asian countries...
January 9, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065689/virtual-teach-to-goal%C3%A2-adaptive-learning-of-inhaler-technique-for-inpatients-with-asthma-or-copd
#18
Valerie G Press, Colleen A Kelly, John J Kim, Steven R White, David O Meltzer, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) result in more than 1 million hospitalizations annually. Most hospitalized patients misuse respiratory inhalers. This misuse can be corrected with in-person education; however, this strategy is resource intensive and skills wane quickly after discharge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and pilot a virtual teach-to-goal™ (V-TTG™) inhaler skill training module, using innovative adaptive learning technology...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059615/developing-an-online-health-literacy-curriculum-for-two-german-universities-a-key-stakeholder-approach
#19
Sandra Vamos, Paul Yeung, Steffen Schaal, Kirsten Schluter
Health literacy is a significant resource for daily life in society. Global evidence reveals that there are less than ideal levels of health literacy in populations. One potential straproviding them with the skills and tools that will improve their knowledge and practice as our future workforce. The purpose of this study was to articulate the need to develop an online health literacy introductory course for university students in Germany. A total of 16 students from two German universities participated in focus group interviews to collect data on the extent of student health literacy awareness and related health and education needs...
January 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056381/vineland-ii-adaptive-behavior-profile-of-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-or-specific-learning-disorders
#20
Giulia Balboni, Oriana Incognito, Carmen Belacchi, Sabrina Bonichini, Roberto Cubelli
BACKGROUND: The evaluation of adaptive behavior is informative in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or specific learning disorders (SLD). However, the few investigations available have focused only on the gross level of domains of adaptive behavior. AIMS: To investigate which item subsets of the Vineland-II can discriminate children with ADHD or SLD from peers with typical development. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Student's t-tests, ROC analysis, logistic regression, and linear discriminant function analysis were used to compare 24 children with ADHD, 61 elementary students with SLD, and controls matched on age, sex, school level attended, and both parents' education level...
January 2, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
keyword
keyword
36118
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"