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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344463/team-based-learning-strategy-in-biochemistry-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-faculty-and-1st-year-medical-students
#1
Namrata Chhabra, Sahiba Kukreja, Sarah Chhabra, Sahil Chhabra, Sameenah Khodabux, Harshal Sabane
Background: Team-based learning (TBL) strategy has been widely adapted by medical schools all over the world, but the reports regarding the perceptions and the attitudes of faculty and undergraduate medical students towards TBL approach have been conflicting. Aim: The study aimed to introduce TBL strategy in curriculum of Biochemistry after evaluating its effectiveness through perceptions and attitudes of faculty and 1st-year medical students. Materials and Methods: One hundred and fifty students of first professional M...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344462/introducing-mentoring-to-1st-year-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college-in-north-india-a-pilot-study
#2
Sahiba Kukreja, Namrata Chhabra, Amandeep Kaur, Rohit Arora, Tejinder Singh
Background: The stress of complex medical course, emotional immaturity, and adaptations to new surroundings are the challenges faced by the new medical entrants. Therefore, mentorship program was introduced to support them for their academic and personal development. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to introduce and to assess the perception of mentors and mentees on mentorship program. Materials and Methods: A mentorship program was designed for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) First Professional students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344003/a-medical-student-in-private-practice-for-a-1-month-clerkship-a-qualitative-exploration-of-the-challenges-for-primary-care-clinical-teachers
#3
Virginie Muller-Juge, Anne Catherine Pereira Miozzari, Arabelle Rieder, Jennifer Hasselgård-Rowe, Johanna Sommer, Marie-Claude Audétat
Purpose: The predicted shortage of primary care physicians emphasizes the need to increase the family medicine workforce. Therefore, Swiss universities develop clerkships in primary care physicians' private practices. The objective of this research was to explore the challenges, the stakes, and the difficulties of clinical teachers who supervised final year medical students in their primary care private practice during a 1-month pilot clerkship in Geneva. Methods: Data were collected via a focus group using a semistructured interview guide...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343739/qualitative-systematic-review-of-barriers-and-facilitators-to-self-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-views-of-patients-and-healthcare-professionals
#4
REVIEW
Siân Russell, Oladapo J Ogunbayo, James J Newham, Karen Heslop-Marshall, Paul Netts, Barbara Hanratty, Fiona Beyer, Eileen Kaner
Self-management interventions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can improve quality of life, reduce hospital admissions, and improve symptoms. However, many factors impede engagement for patients and practitioners. Qualitative research, with its focus on subjective experience, can provide invaluable insights into such factors. Therefore, a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative evidence on COPD self-management from the perspective of patients, carers, and practitioners was conducted. Following a systematic search and screening, 31 studies were appraised and data extracted for analysis...
January 17, 2018: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343459/differing-structural-properties-of-foods-affect-the-development-of-mandibular-control-and-muscle-coordination-in-infants-and-young-children
#5
Meg Simione, Chrystel Loret, Benjamin Le Révérend, Brian Richburg, Mirna Del Valle, Marc Adler, Mireille Moser, Jordan R Green
The development of chewing is an essential motor skill that is continually refined throughout early childhood. From a motor control perspective, the advancement of textures is dependent upon the fit between a child's oral anatomic and motor system and food properties. The purpose of this exploratory study is to identify age-related changes in chewing motor coordination and control and to determine if these changes are associated with the differing structural properties of solid foods, as well as to explore the role of explanatory variables such as the emergence of teeth and bite force...
January 14, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342241/ipat-intelligent-prediction-and-association-tool-for-genomic-research
#6
Chunpeng James Chen, Zhiwu Zhang
Summary: The ultimate goal of genomic research is to effectively predict phenotypes from genotypes so that medical management can improve human health and molecular breeding can increase agricultural production. Genomic prediction or selection (GS) plays a complementary role to genome-wide association studies (GWAS), which is the primary method to identify genes underlying phenotypes. Unfortunately, most computing tools cannot perform data analyses for both GWAS and GS. Furthermore, the majority of these tools are executed through a command-line interface (CLI), which requires programming skills...
January 11, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340756/differential-effect-of-a-patient-education-transition-intervention-in-adolescents-with-ibd-vs-diabetes
#7
Silke Schmidt, Henriette Markwart, Franziska Bomba, Holger Muehlan, Annette Findeisen, Martina Kohl, Ingo Menrath, Ute Thyen
Patient education programs (PEPs) to improve disease management are part of standard and regular treatment in adolescents with diabetes. In Germany, youth with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) receive individual counseling but not PEPs in group settings. Generic PEPs have been developed in order to improve transition from child-centered to adolescent health services. The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of a transition-oriented PEP on quality of life (QoL) and self-management in young patients with IBD (PEP naive), compared to patients with diabetes (familiar with PEPs)...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339931/assessment-of-knowledge-and-skills-in-information-literacy-instruction-for-rehabilitation-sciences-students-a-scoping-review
#8
Jill T Boruff, Pamela Harrison
Objective: This scoping review investigates how knowledge and skills are assessed in the information literacy (IL) instruction for students in physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech-language pathology, regardless of whether the instruction was given by a librarian. The objectives were to discover what assessment measures were used, determine whether these assessment methods were tested for reliability and validity, and provide librarians with guidance on assessment methods to use in their instruction in evidence-based practice contexts...
January 2018: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335659/recommendation-system-for-adaptive-learning
#9
Yunxiao Chen, Xiaoou Li, Jingchen Liu, Zhiliang Ying
An adaptive learning system aims at providing instruction tailored to the current status of a learner, differing from the traditional classroom experience. The latest advances in technology make adaptive learning possible, which has the potential to provide students with high-quality learning benefit at a low cost. A key component of an adaptive learning system is a recommendation system, which recommends the next material (video lectures, practices, and so on, on different skills) to the learner, based on the psychometric assessment results and possibly other individual characteristics...
January 2018: Applied Psychological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333196/brief-report-reduced-anxiety-following-pivotal-response-treatment-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
Jiedi Lei, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Sebiha M Abdullahi, Megan L Braconnier, Pamela Ventola
Up to 40% of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) exhibit co-occurring anxiety symptoms. Despite recent success in mitigating anxiety symptoms in school-aged children with ASD (mean age >9 years) using adapted versions of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, little is known about potential treatment outcomes for younger children. To address the gap in the literature, this open-label study evaluated change in anxiety following a 16-week open-label trial of Pivotal Response Treatment (PRT) in children with ASD aged 4-8 years...
November 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332264/the-role-of-affect-and-coping-in-diabetes-self-management-in-rural-adults-with-uncontrolled-diabetes-and-depressive-symptoms
#11
Shannon R Miles, Tasneem Khambaty, Nancy J Petersen, Aanand D Naik, Jeffrey A Cully
Many patients with diabetes have poorly controlled blood sugar levels and remain at risk for serious diabetes complications, despite access to effective diabetes treatments and services. Using the transactional model of stress and coping framework, the study investigated the contributions of affect (Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and coping (maladaptive and adaptive coping from the Brief Cope) on diabetes self-management behaviors, namely diet and exercise. One hundred seventy-eight rural adults with uncontrolled diabetes and moderate depressive symptoms completed the measures...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332179/profiles-and-correlates-of-parent-child-agreement-on-social-anxiety-symptoms-in-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Catherine A Burrows, Lauren V Usher, Emily M Becker-Haimes, Camilla M McMahon, Peter C Mundy, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Heather A Henderson
This study characterized patterns and correlates of parent-youth agreement on social anxiety in youth with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Participants (279 verbally-fluent youth aged 8-16 years, NASD = 144, NTD = 135) completed the SASC-R. Youth with ASD exhibited higher social anxiety across informants. While TD youth endorsed higher anxiety than did parents, self- and parent-reports did not differ in youth with ASD. For children with ASD, higher parent-youth agreement was associated with lower lifetime ASD symptoms and higher adaptive skills...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331404/reliability-and-validity-of-the-adapted-resistance-training-skills-battery-for-children
#13
Bonnie J Furzer, Marc D Bebich-Philip, Kemi E Wright, Siobhan L Reid, Ashleigh L Thornton
OBJECTIVES: Resistance training (RT) is emerging as a training modality to improve motor function and facilitate physical activity participation in children across the motor proficiency spectrum. Although RT competency assessments have been established and validated among adolescent cohorts, the extent to which these methods are suitable for assessing children's RT skills is unknown. This project aimed to assess the psychometric properties of the adapted Resistance Training Skills Battery for Children (RTSBc), in children with varying motor proficiency...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330656/3d-imaging-3d-printing-and-3d-virtual-planning-in-endodontics
#14
REVIEW
Pratik Shah, B S Chong
The adoption and adaptation of recent advances in digital technology, such as three-dimensional (3D) printed objects and haptic simulators, in dentistry have influenced teaching and/or management of cases involving implant, craniofacial, maxillofacial, orthognathic and periodontal treatments. 3D printed models and guides may help operators plan and tackle complicated non-surgical and surgical endodontic treatment and may aid skill acquisition. Haptic simulators may assist in the development of competency in endodontic procedures through the acquisition of psycho-motor skills...
January 12, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#15
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328750/adaptation-of-a-tool-to-assess-non-technical-skills-of-scrub-practitioners-in-denmark
#16
Anna Sofie Mundt, Lene Spanager, Helle Teglgaard Lyk-Jensen, Doris Østergaard
The aim of this study was to adapt the Scottish tool, Scrub Practitioners List of Intraoperative Non-Technical Skills, to Danish organisation and culture. With an explorative and qualitative approach, four group interviews with scrub practitioners, surgeons and anaesthesia staff were conducted. The main differences found were related to communication and teamwork regarding scrub practitioners focus on the team and speaking up. Differences in the non-technical skills described in the behavioural markers are perhaps explained by cultural differences between Scotland and Denmark...
September 2017: Journal of Perioperative Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326101/pathways-over-time-functional-genomics-research-in-an-introductory-laboratory-course
#17
Todd D Reeves, Douglas M Warner, Larry H Ludlow, Clare M O'Connor
National reports have called for the introduction of research experiences throughout the undergraduate curriculum, but practical implementation at many institutions faces challenges associated with sustainability, cost, and large student populations. We describe a novel course-based undergraduate research experience (CURE) that introduces introductory-level students to research in functional genomics in a 3-credit, multisection laboratory class. In the Pathways over Time class project, students study the functional conservation of the methionine biosynthetic pathway between divergent yeast species...
2018: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325563/healthcare-information-systems-the-cognitive-challenge
#18
Gavan Lintern, Al Motavalli
BACKGROUND: Healthcare work is, to a considerable extent, cognitive. Subsequently, the analysis and the design of supporting technology must be sensitive to the cognitive and adaptive demands of the work and to the cognitive strategies employed by healthcare practitioners. Despite the vital role that cognition plays in healthcare work, current technocentric design approaches for healthcare technology do not account for it, failing to observe it during analysis and failing to develop support for it during design...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322713/communication-adaptations-for-a-diverse-international-patient-population
#19
Aditya Ghosh, Shashank Joshi, Amit K Ghosh
We live in an age of hyper connectivity, people from around the world are looking outside their own national borders to receive medical care. As more people are learning about the quality that the elite Indian hospitals provide at a competitive, and often more affordable, price compared to other institutions around the world, they are becoming increasingly interested in receiving their medical care in Indian hospitals. It is for this exact reason that it is very important to learn the importance of communicating effectively with people from a diverse background...
November 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320519/the-effect-of-small-sided-games-with-different-levels-of-opposition-on-the-tactical-behaviour-of-young-footballers-with-different-levels-of-sport-expertise
#20
Alba Práxedes, Alberto Moreno, Alexander Gil-Arias, Fernando Claver, Fernando Del Villar
To optimize players' tactical abilities, coaches need to design training sessions with representative learning tasks, such as, small-sided games. Moreover, it is necessary to adapt the complexity of the tasks to the skill level of the athletes to maximally improve their perceptual, visual and attentive abilities. The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of two teaching programs, each utilizing modified games with varied levels of opposition, on decision-making and action execution in young players with different levels of sports expertise...
2018: PloS One
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