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Lois nora

Lois Margaret Nora, Sylvia Fonte McGreal, Samantha Guastella Nugent
The authors present snapshots of board certification in 1916, the year that the American Board of Ophthalmology was founded, 60 years later in 1976 as periodic recertification emerged, and speculation about what certification might look like in 2036. The concept of board certification and continuous certification in the medical specialties took shape at the beginning of the 20th century with the convergence of a new system of assessment, the emergence of certifying boards, and the creation of the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS)...
September 2016: Ophthalmology
Suzanne T Anderson, Lois M Nora, Christine W McEntee, Matthew E Fitzgerald, Samantha Guastella Nugent
The mission of the American Board of Ophthalmology (ABO) is to serve the public by improving the quality of ophthalmic practice through a continuing certification process that fosters excellence and encourages continual learning. Since 2001, achieving this mission has been enhanced by including public directors in the ABO governance. We review the evolution of including nonprofessional members on the governing boards of professional regulatory and self-regulatory organizations generally, provide history about the incorporation of non-professional public directors into the governance structure of the American Board of Medical Specialties and the ABO, and offer insights about the perceived impact of public directors on the ABO...
September 2016: Ophthalmology
Richard E Hawkins, Mira Bjelotomich Irons, Catherine M Welcher, Mellie Villahermosa Pouwels, Eric S Holmboe, Earl J Reisdorff, Joshua M Cohen, Susan Dentzer, David G Nichols, Cynthia A Lien, Thomas D Horn, R Barrett Noone, Rebecca S Lipner, Kevin W Eva, John J Norcini, Lois Margaret Nora, Jeffrey P Gold
This article describes the presentations and discussions at a conference co-convened by the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical Association (AMA) and by the American Board of Medical Specialties (ABMS). The conference focused on the ABMS Maintenance of Certification (MOC) Part III Examination. This article, reflecting the conference agenda, covers the value of and evidence supporting the examination, as well as concerns about the cost of the examination, and-given the current format-its relevance...
June 28, 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lois Margaret Nora, Mellie Villahermosa Pouwels, Mira Irons
The American Board of Medical Specialties board certification has transformed into a career-long process of learning, assessment, and performance improvement through its Program for Maintenance of Certification (MOC). Medical educators across many medical professional organizations, specialty societies, and other institutions have played important roles in shaping MOC and tailoring its overarching framework to the needs of different specialties. This Commentary addresses potential barriers to engagement in work related to MOC for medical school (MS) and academic health center (AHC) educators and identifies reasons for, and ways to accomplish, greater involvement in this work...
January 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lois Margaret Nora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: JAMA Internal Medicine
Lois Margaret Nora, Matthew K Wynia, Thomas Granatir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 12, 2015: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Mira B Irons, Lois M Nora
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 372, Issue 2, Page 104-106, January 2015.
January 8, 2015: New England Journal of Medicine
Lois Margaret Nora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2013: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Lois Margaret Nora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2013: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Lois Margaret Nora
There is dynamic interplay between the disciplines of law and ethics, and the result is often laws and regulation that impact the practice of clinical neurology. This chapter explores how the disciplines of law and ethics inform and intersect with each other, and how resulting law impacts the everyday work of the clinical neurologist. Examples of how the core bioethical principles of nonmaleficence, beneficence, respect for autonomy, and justice are manifest in legislative, common, and administrative laws are presented...
2013: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Gemmae M Fix, Ellen S Cohn, Jeffrey L Solomon, Dharma E Cortés, Nora Mueller, Nancy R Kressin, Ann Borzecki, Lois A Katz, Barbara G Bokhour
OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand barriers to hypertension self-management in patients with hypertension and comorbidities. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured, qualitative interviews with 48 patients with uncontrolled hypertension and at least one comorbidity to learn about beliefs and behaviors that might affect hypertension self-management. Using a grounded theory strategy, we analyzed interview transcripts detailing patients' hypertension self-management behaviors vis-à-vis a framework including Explanatory Models-a patient's understanding of the pathophysiology, cause, course, treatment, and severity of an illness, such as hypertension...
June 2014: Chronic Illness
Gina Novick, Lois S Sadler, Kathleen A Knafl, Nora E Groce, Holly Powell Kennedy
OBJECTIVES: CenteringPregnancy (Centering) group prenatal care has been demonstrated to improve perinatal outcomes and provide a positive experience of care for women, but it can be difficult to implement and sustain in some clinical settings. The purpose of this study was to examine the challenges encountered when Centering group prenatal care was provided, and the responses of Centering group leaders to these challenges. DESIGN: this was a longitudinal, qualitative study using interpretive description...
June 2013: Midwifery
Barbara G Bokhour, Ellen S Cohn, Dharma E Cortés, Jeffrey L Solomon, Gemmae M Fix, A Rani Elwy, Nora Mueller, Lois A Katz, Paul Haidet, Alexander R Green, Ann M Borzecki, Nancy R Kressin
BACKGROUND: Uncontrolled hypertension remains a significant problem for many patients. Few interventions to improve patients' hypertension self-management have had lasting effects. Previous work has focused largely on patients' beliefs as predictors of behavior, but little is understood about beliefs as they are embedded in patients' social contexts. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to explore how patients' "explanatory models" of hypertension (understandings of the causes, mechanisms or pathophysiology, course of illness, symptoms and effects of treatment) and social context relate to their reported daily hypertension self-management behaviors...
December 2012: Journal of General Internal Medicine
Gina Novick, Lois S Sadler, Kathleen A Knafl, Nora Ellen Groce, Holly Powell Kennedy
Women from vulnerable populations encounter challenging circumstances that generate stress and may adversely affect their health. Group prenatal care (GPNC) incorporates features that address social stressors, and has been demonstrated to improve pregnancy outcomes and prenatal care experiences. In this qualitative study, we describe the complex circumstances in the lives of women receiving care in two urban clinics and how GPNC attenuated them. Stressors included problems with transportation and child care, demanding jobs, poverty, homelessness, difficult relationships with partners, limited family support, and frustrating health care experiences...
May 2012: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
Lois Margaret Nora
One of Abraham Flexner's legacies was the concept of a professional faculty community responsible for teaching, scholarly work, and the creation and nurturing of the academic environment in medical schools. Dramatic shifts in society, health care, and educational practice have occurred over the century since Flexner's report, and these shifts have resulted in changes and challenges for medical school faculty. Fundamental principles that were articulated in Flexner's work remain relevant today: medicine is a profession, and as such is responsible for the education of the next generation of physicians; and the essential work of the medical school is the education of current and future generations of physicians...
September 2010: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Gina Novick, Lois S Sadler, Holly Powell Kennedy, Sally S Cohen, Nora E Groce, Kathleen A Knafl
Group prenatal care (GPNC) is an innovative alternative to individual prenatal care. In this longitudinal study we used ethnographic methods to explore African American and Hispanic women's experiences of receiving GPNC in two urban clinics. Methods included individual, in-depth, semistructured interviews of women and group leaders in GPNC, participant observation of GPNC sessions, and medical record review. GPNC offered positive experiences and met many of women's expressed preferences regarding prenatal care...
January 2011: Qualitative Health Research
David D Allen, Mark A Penn, Lois Margaret Nora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2006: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
Erica Frank, Jennifer S Carrera, Terry Stratton, Janet Bickel, Lois Margaret Nora
OBJECTIVE: To determine medical students' perceptions of having been harassed or belittled and their correlates, for the purposes of reducing such abuses. DESIGN: Longitudinal survey. SETTING: 16 nationally representative US medical schools. PARTICIPANTS: 2884 students from class of 2003. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Experiences of harassment and belittlement at freshman orientation, at entry to wards, and in senior year by other students, by residents or fellows, by preclinical professors, by clinical professors or attendings, or by patients...
September 30, 2006: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Florence M Witte, Terry D Stratton, Lois Margaret Nora
PURPOSE: Previous studies have documented the prevalence of gender discrimination and sexual harassment during medical training, but very few have examined the behaviors that students perceive as discriminatory or harassing. The authors addressed this lack of information by examining graduating medical students' written descriptions of personal experiences with such behaviors during medical school. METHOD: The authors reviewed the responses of graduating seniors at 12 U...
July 2006: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lois Margaret Nora, Spencer L Studwell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2005: Neurology
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