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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521026/tracking-career-paths-of-women-in-neurosurgery
#1
Jaclyn J Renfrow, Analiz Rodriguez, Taylor A Wilson, Isabelle M Germano, Aviva Abosch, Stacey Quintero Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Women represent a growing cohort of US neurosurgeons. OBJECTIVE: To describe postresidency fellowship, practice environment, and updated academic rank among female neurosurgeons. METHODS: Databases from the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) and the American Board of Neurological Surgery (ABNS) from 1964 to 2013 were reviewed for female neurosurgery residency graduates. Data on postresidency fellowships, practice environment (private vs academic), academic rank, board certification, and AANS/CNS (Congress of Neurological Surgeons) Joint Section on Women in Neurosurgery (WINS) membership were collected in 2016...
May 16, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513617/the-perceived-impact-of-the-european-registration-system-for-genetic-counsellors-and-nurses
#2
Milena Paneque, Ramona Moldovan, Christophe Cordier, Clara Serra-Juhé, Irene Feroce, Sara Pasalodos, Emmanuelle Haquet, Debby Lambert, Inga Bjørnevoll, Heather Skirton
The aim of the European Board of Medical Genetics has been to develop and promote academic and professional standards necessary in order to provide competent genetic counselling services. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of the European registration system for genetic nurses and counsellors from the perspectives of those professionals who have registered. Registration system was launched in 2013. A cross-sectional, online survey was used to explore the motivations and experiences of those applying for, and the effect of registration on their career...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509657/the-palliative-care-challenge-analysis-of-barriers-and-opportunities-to-integrate-palliative-care-in-europe-in-the-view-of-national-associations
#3
Carlos Centeno, Eduardo Garralda, José Miguel Carrasco, Marlieke den Herder-van der Eerden, Melissa Aldridge, David Stevenson, Diane E Meier, Jeroen Hasselaar
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) development is diverse and lacks an effective integration into European healthcare systems. This article investigates levels of integrated PC in European countries. METHODS: A qualitative survey was undertaken for the 2013 EAPC Atlas of PC in Europe with boards of national associations, eliciting opinions on opportunities for, and barriers to, PC development. ANALYSIS: Barriers and opportunities directly related to PC integration were identified and analyzed thematically according (1) to the dimensions of the World Health Organization (WHO) public health model and (2) by the degree of service provision in each country...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502710/graduating-pediatric-residents-entering-the-hospital-medicine-workforce-2006-2015
#4
JoAnna K Leyenaar, Mary Pat Frintner
OBJECTIVE: In October 2016, the American Board of Medical Specialties approved the petition for pediatric hospital medicine (PHM) to become the newest pediatric subspecialty. Knowledge about residents entering the PHM workforce is needed to inform certification and fellowship accreditation. This study describes the characteristics of graduating pediatric residents with PHM positions and identifies factors associated with post-residency position choices. METHODS: We analyzed data from the American Academy of Pediatrics Annual Survey of Graduating Residents, 2006-2015...
May 11, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494890/the-predictive-value-of-pre-recruitment-achievement-on-resident-performance-in-anesthesiology
#5
Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli, Emily Teeter, David Mayer, David A Zvara, Anthony Passannante, Kathleen A Smith
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Selecting candidates for residency positions is challenging and there is little research on the correlation between commonly used selection criteria and subsequent performance in anesthesiology. This study examined the association between the selection measures and post-recruitment performance in residency. DESIGN: Retrospective review of archival data. SETTING: Anesthesiology residency program at a large academic anesthesiology department...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493166/psychometric-properties-of-the-fundamentals-of-endoscopic-surgery-fes-skills-examination
#6
Matthew Lineberry, E Matthew Ritter
BACKGROUND: The Fundamentals of Endoscopic Surgery (FES) manual skills examination is a simulation-based assessment of five foundational skills in endoscopic surgery. With the FES skills exam becoming part of the board certification process in general surgery, continual investigation is needed to determine the validity with which the exam is supporting inferences and decision-making about examinees, as well as how it might be improved. METHODS: The present study retrospectively analyzed performance and demographic details for the initial 344 examinees completing the FES skills exam...
May 10, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492823/assessment-of-the-focused-practice-improvement-module-pilot-program-of-the-american-board-of-dermatology-for-meeting-requirements-of-maintenance-of-certification
#7
Erik J Stratman, Stanley J Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482889/internal-medicine-board-certification-and-career-pathways-in-japan
#8
Soichi Koike, Masatoshi Matsumoto, Hiroo Ide, Hideaki Kawaguchi, Masahisa Shimpo, Hideo Yasunaga
BACKGROUND: Establishing and managing a board certification system is a common concern for many countries. In Japan, the board certification system is under revision. The purpose of this study was to describe present status of internal medicine specialist board certification, to identify factors associated with maintenance of board certification and to investigate changes in area of practice when physicians move from hospital to clinic practice. METHODS: We analyzed 2010 and 2012 data from the Survey of Physicians, Dentists and Pharmacists...
May 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473518/randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-short-term-analgesic-effect-of-topical-diclofenac-on-chronic-achilles-tendon-pain-a-pilot-study
#9
Erin Rebecca Bussin, Brian Cairns, Jim Bovard, Alexander Scott
OBJECTIVES: To determine if a topically applied non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (diclofenac) can provide short-term pain relief for chronic Achilles tendinopathy (CAT), in order to inform the development of a new rehabilitation protocol. DESIGN AND SETTING: Pilot double-blind, cross-over randomised controlled trial providing participants with tertiary care. The study was conducted at a single research centre in Vancouver, BC. PARTICIPANTS: Sixteen adults with unilateral CAT and three adults with bilateral CAT participated...
May 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471932/board-review-course-as-intervention-impact-on-pance-performance
#10
Alan K Mirly, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez, Jennifer M Coombs
PURPOSE: To analyze the effectiveness of an independent commercial 3-day Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination (PANCE)-Physician Assistant National Recertifying Examination (PANRE) board review course to improve first-time pass rates on the PANCE. METHODS: Data were extracted from academic files at 2 universities over 2 years. In the first year (2014), the universities had not implemented a requirement for participation in a commercial board review course...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446988/thoracic-surgery-training-in-europe-the-perspective-of-a-trainee
#11
Anna Elisabeth Frick, Gilbert Massard
Duration and content of Thoracic surgery training differs considerably across Europe, leading to unequal levels of knowledge, skills and attitudes at the time of graduation as a specialist. The European Board of Thoracic Surgery examination strives to overcome these regional differences by offering a diploma to achieve harmonization and equal qualified certification. The HERMES initiative, driven by a joint task force from European Society of Thoracic Surgeons (ESTS) and European Respiratory Society (ERS) is currently establishing a consensual syllabus and curriculum for Thoracic Surgery to standardize content of training and achieve equal levels of qualification all-over Europe...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444016/frictionless-segmented-mechanics-for-controlled-space-closure
#12
Ildeu Andrade
Extraction spaces may be needed to achieve specific orthodontic goals of positioning the dentition in harmony with the craniofacial complex. However, the fundamental reality that determines the occlusion final position is the control exerted by the orthodontist while closing the extraction spaces. A specific treatment objective may require the posterior teeth to remain in a constant position anteroposteriorly as well as vertically, while the anterior teeth occupy the entire extraction site. Another treatment objective may require the opposite, or any number of intentional alternatives of extraction site closure...
February 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435509/usmle-scores-predict-success-in-abem-initial-certification-a-multicenter-study
#13
Elie Harmouche, Nikhil Goyal, Ashley Pinawin, Jumana Nagarwala, Rahul Bhat
INTRODUCTION: There are no existing data on whether performance on the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) predicts success in American Board of Emergency Medicine (ABEM) certification. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of any association between USMLE scores and first-time success on the ABEM qualifying and oral certification examinations. METHODS: We retrospectively collected USMLE Step 1, Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) scores and pass/fail results from the first attempt at ABEM qualifying and oral examinations from residents graduating between 2009 and 2011 from nine EM programs...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419451/do-state-continuing-medical-education-requirements-for-physicians-improve-clinical-knowledge
#14
Jonathan L Vandergrift, Bradley M Gray, Weifeng Weng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of state continuing medical education (CME) requirements on physician clinical knowledge. DATA SOURCES: Secondary data for 19,563 general internists who took the Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification (MOC) examination between 2006 and 2013. STUDY DESIGN: We took advantage of a natural experiment resulting from variations in CME requirements across states over time and applied a difference-in-differences methodology to measure associations between changes in CME requirements and physician clinical knowledge...
April 16, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419268/the-american-society-for-clinical-pathology-s-2015-wage-survey-of-medical-laboratories-in-the-united-states
#15
Edna Garcia, Patrick B Fisher
Objectives: To inform the pathology and laboratory field of the most recent national wage data from the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP). Historically, the results of this biennial survey have served as a basis for additional research on laboratory recruitment, retention, education, marketing, certification, and advocacy. Methods: The 2015 wage survey was conducted through collaboration between the ASCP's Institute of Science, Technology, and Policy in Washington, DC, and the ASCP Board of Certification in Chicago, Illinois...
May 1, 2017: Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414621/the-american-association-of-occupational-health-nurses-seventy-five-years-of-education-practice-and-research
#16
Joy E Wachs
For the past 75 years, the American Association of Industrial Nurses, and later the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses, has advocated for occupational and environmental health nurses by supporting quality undergraduate and graduate education in the specialty and certification through the American Board of Occupational Health Nurses, Inc., and providing funding for and dissemination of occupational health nursing research as well as by developing occupational health nursing practice standards, competencies, and code of ethics...
April 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413928/the-oncology-specialist-s-role-in-polst-form-completion
#17
Austin J Lammers, Dana M Zive, Susan W Tolle, Erik K Fromme
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cancer and oncology professional societies believe that advance care planning is important, but we know little of who actually has this conversation. Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment (POLST) forms can help to document these important conversations to ensure patients receive the level of treatment they want. We therefore sought to determine the specialty of those signing POLST forms for patients who died of cancer to better understand who is having this discussion with patients...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410908/national-utilization-of-partial-nephrectomy-pre-and-post-aua-guidelines-is-this-as-good-as-it-gets
#18
Igor Sorokin, Paul J Feustel, Rebecca L O'Malley
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to compare utilization and predictors of partial nephrectomy (PN) in the pre- and post-guideline eras. MATERIALS AND METHODS: American Board of Urology certification/recertification operative logs were reviewed from 2003 to 2014. Nephrectomy cases were extracted using Current Procedural Terminology codes. The cases were then stratified according to pre-guidelines (2003-October 2009) and post-guidelines (November 2009-2014)...
March 23, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394065/patients-of-doctors-further-from-medical-school-graduation-have-poorer-outcomes
#19
John J Norcini, John R Boulet, Amy Opalek, W Dale Dauphinee
CONTEXT: There is an apparent contradiction between the findings of studies indicating that patient outcomes are better when physicians have a greater volume of practice and those that find outcomes to be worse with increased time since training, which implies greater volume. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to estimate the adjusted relationships between physicians' characteristics, including recent practice volume and time since medical school graduation, and patient outcomes...
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383325/effectiveness-of-written-and-oral-specialty-certification-examinations-to-predict-actions-against-the-medical-licenses-of-anesthesiologists
#20
Yan Zhou, Huaping Sun, Deborah J Culley, Aaron Young, Ann E Harman, David O Warner
BACKGROUND: The American Board of Anesthesiology administers written and oral examinations for its primary certification. This retrospective cohort study tested the hypothesis that the risk of a disciplinary action against a physician's medical license is lower in those who pass both examinations than those who pass only the written examination. METHODS: Physicians who entered anesthesiology training from 1971 to 2011 were followed up to 2014. License actions were ascertained via the Disciplinary Action Notification Service of the Federation of State Medical Boards...
April 6, 2017: Anesthesiology
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