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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806791/effect-of-access-to-an-electronic-medical-resource-on-performance-characteristics-of-a-certification-examination-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Rebecca S Lipner, Bradley G Brossman, Kelli M Samonte, Steven J Durning
Background: Electronic resources are increasingly used in medical practice. Their use during high-stakes certification examinations has been advocated by many experts, but whether doing so would affect the capacity to differentiate between high and low abilities is unknown. Objective: To determine the effect of electronic resources on examination performance characteristics. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Medical certification program...
August 15, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781132/-taking-training-to-the-next-level-the-american-college-of-surgeons-committee-on-residency-training-survey
#2
Richard B Damewood, Patrice Gabler Blair, Yoon Soo Park, Linda K Lupi, Rachel Williams Newman, Ajit K Sachdeva
OBJECTIVE: The American College of Surgeons (ACS) appointed a committee of leaders from the ACS, Association of Program Directors in Surgery, Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education, and American Board of Surgery to define key challenges facing surgery resident training programs and to explore solutions. The committee wanted to solicit the perspectives of surgery resident program directors (PDs) given their pivotal role in residency training. DESIGN: Two surveys were developed, pilot tested, and administered to PDs following Institutional Review Board approval...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780546/identifying-and-prioritising-systematic-review-topics-with-public-health-stakeholders-a-protocol-for-a-modified-delphi-study-in-switzerland-to-inform-future-research-agendas
#3
Dyon Hoekstra, Margot Mütsch, Christina Kien, Ansgar Gerhardus, Stefan K Lhachimi
INTRODUCTION: The Cochrane Collaboration aims to produce relevant and top priority evidence that responds to existing evidence gaps. Hence, research priority setting (RPS) is important to identify which potential research gaps are deemed most important. Moreover, RPS supports future health research to conform both health and health evidence needs. However, studies that are prioritising systematic review topics in public health are surprisingly rare. Therefore, to inform the research agenda of Cochrane Public Health Europe (CPHE), we introduce the protocol of a priority setting study on systematic review topics in several European countries, which is conceptualised as pilot...
August 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767499/clinician-investigator-training-and-the-need-to-pilot-new-approaches-to-recruiting-and-retaining-this-workforce
#4
Alison K Hall, Sherry L Mills, P Kay Lund
Clinician-investigators, also called physician-scientists, offer critical knowledge and perspectives that benefit research on basic science mechanisms, improved diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, population and outcomes medicine, health policy, and health services, yet few clinically trained health professionals pursue a research career. Sustaining this workforce requires attention to the unique challenges faced by investigators who must achieve clinical and research competence during training and their careers...
August 1, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763539/fees-for-certification-and-finances-of-medical-specialty-boards
#5
Brian C Drolet, Vickram J Tandon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754358/provider-and-practice-factors-associated-with-emergency-physicians-being-named-in-a-malpractice-claim
#6
Jestin N Carlson, Krista M Foster, Jesse M Pines, Christopher K Corbit, Michael J Ward, Muhammad Zia Hydari, Arvind Venkat
STUDY OBJECTIVE: We examine the association between emergency physician characteristics and practice factors with the risk of being named in a malpractice claim. METHODS: We used malpractice claims along with provider, operational, and jurisdictional data from a national emergency medicine group (87 emergency departments [EDs] in 15 states from January 1, 2010, to June 30, 2014) to assess the relationship between individual physician and practice variables and being named in a malpractice claim...
July 26, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686754/program-for-maintenance-of-certification-by-the-american-board-of-dermatology
#7
Thomas D Horn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678133/the-fourth-year-of-medical-school-time-for-reassessment-aoa-critical-issues
#8
Benjamin A Alman, James J Purtill, Vincent D Pellegrini, Peter Scoles
Most U.S. medical schools follow the 4-year model, consisting of 2 preclinical years, core clinical experience, and a fourth year intended to permit students to increase clinical competency, to explore specialty areas, and to transition to residency. Although the design and delivery of Years 1 through 3 have evolved to meet new challenges and expectations, the structure of Year 4 remains largely unchanged. For most students considering a career in orthopaedics, Year 4 is a series of elective rotations in which educational objectives become secondary to interviewing for residency programs...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675974/toward-generally-accepted-forensic-assessment-practices-among-clinical-neuropsychologists-a-survey-of-professional-practice-and-common-test-use
#9
Casey LaDuke, William Barr, Donald L Brodale, Laura A Rabin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated professional practice and common test use among clinical neuropsychologists engaging in forensic assessment. METHOD:  Doctorate-level psychologists active in the practice of neuropsychology and on the INS and NAN membership listings (n = 502) were surveyed about their demographics, professional practice, and common test use. Participants who reported engaging in forensic practice (n = 255) were further surveyed about their forensic practice...
July 4, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671903/simulation-based-assessment-of-the-management-of-critical-events-by-board-certified-anesthesiologists
#10
Matthew B Weinger, Arna Banerjee, Amanda R Burden, William R McIvor, John Boulet, Jeffrey B Cooper, Randolph Steadman, Matthew S Shotwell, Jason M Slagle, Samuel DeMaria, Laurence Torsher, Elizabeth Sinz, Adam I Levine, John Rask, Fred Davis, Christine Park, David M Gaba
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether mannequin-based simulation can reliably characterize how board-certified anesthesiologists manage simulated medical emergencies. Our primary focus was to identify gaps in performance and to establish psychometric properties of the assessment methods. METHODS: A total of 263 consenting board-certified anesthesiologists participating in existing simulation-based maintenance of certification courses at one of eight simulation centers were video recorded performing simulated emergency scenarios...
July 3, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658001/trends-and-clinical-practice-patterns-of-sacral-neuromodulation-for-overactive-bladder
#11
Dean S Elterman, Bilal Chughtai, Emily Vertosick, Dominique Thomas, James Eastham, Jaspreet Sandhu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate surgical practice patterns of American urologists treating refractory overactive bladder (OAB) over the past decade. Refractory OAB remains a management challenge to urologists. When multiple medical therapies have failed, treatment options may include sacral neuromodulation (SNM) or surgery such as augmentation cystoplasty (AC). METHODS: Data on SNM and AC performed between 2003 and 2012 by certifying and recertifying urologists were obtained in the form of annualized case logs from the American Board of Urology (ABU)...
June 27, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654611/evidence-based-medicine-alloplastic-breast-reconstruction
#12
Peter A Lennox, Esta S Bovill, Sheina A Macadam
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the different advances that have resulted in improved outcomes in implant-based reconstruction. 2. Gain knowledge about specific techniques that have evolved rapidly in recent years and how to implement these. 3. Gain an understanding of controversies associated with alloplastic reconstruction. 4. Recognize undesirable outcomes in implant-based breast reconstruction and understand strategies for correction...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649447/certification-of-clinical-and-translational-researchers-an-ill-conceived-notion
#13
EDITORIAL
Paul R Marantz, Harry P Selker, Emma A Meagher
The National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) has instituted a new multiple choice examination in order to "certify" clinical and translational investigators. As experienced research educators, we argue that this certification process is unnecessary, values knowledge over competency, may be counter-productive, and is unlikely to achieve any worthwhile outcome. We lay out these arguments in the hope of stimulating a robust discussion among leaders, faculty, and learners engaged in clinical research education and training...
February 2017: Journal of clinical and translational science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647244/on-board-measurement-of-particle-numbers-and-their-size-distribution-from-a-light-duty-diesel-vehicle-influences-of-vsp-and-altitude
#14
Jia Liu, Yunshan Ge, Xin Wang, Lijun Hao, Jianwei Tan, Zihang Peng, Chuanzhen Zhang, Huiming Gong, Ying Huang
In this study, the particle size-resolved distribution from a China-3 certificated light-duty diesel vehicle was measured by using a portable emission measurement system (PEMS). In order to examine the influences of vehicle specific power (VSP) and high-altitude operation, measurements were conducted at 8 constant speeds, which ranged from 10 to 80km/hr at 10km/hr intervals, and two different high altitudes, namely 2200 and 3200m. The results demonstrated that the numbers of particles in all size ranges decreased significantly as VSP increased when the test vehicle was running at lower speeds (<20km/hr), while at a moderate speed (between 30 and 60km/hr), the particle number was statistically insensitive to increase VSP...
July 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644942/total-wrist-arthroplasty-versus-wrist-fusion-utilization-and-complication-rates-as-reported-by-abos-part-ii-candidates
#15
Richard M Hinds, John T Capo, Marco Rizzo, James R Roberson, Michael B Gottschalk
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess national trends in the utilization and complication rates of total wrist arthroplasty (TWA) and total wrist fusion (WF) as identified via review of the American Board of Orthopedic Surgery (ABOS) Part II candidate database. METHODS: The ABOS Part II candidate database is a collection of cases reported by candidates of the ABOS Part II board certification oral exam. The ABOS database was queried for all TWA and WF cases performed from 2005 to 2014...
July 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632531/a-descriptive-survey-of-anesthesiology-residency-simulation-programs-how-are-programs-preparing-residents-for-the-new-american-board-of-anesthesiology-applied-certification-examination
#16
Robert S Isaak, Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli, David A Zvara, Marjorie P Stiegler
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiology residency programs may need new simulation-based programs to prepare residents for the new Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) component of the American Board of Anesthesiology (ABA) Primary Certification process. The design of such programs may require significant resources, including faculty time, expertise, and funding, as are currently needed for structured oral examination (SOE) preparation. This survey analyzed the current state of US-based anesthesiology residency programs regarding simulation-based educational programming for SOE and OSCE preparation...
June 19, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630819/concerns-about-the-registered-behavior-technician%C3%A2-in-relation-to-effective-autism-intervention
#17
Justin B Leaf, Ronald Leaf, John McEachin, Mitchell Taubman, Tristram Smith, Sandra L Harris, B J Freeman, Toby Mountjoy, Tracee Parker, Todd Streff, Fred R Volkmar, Andi Waks
In 2014, the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB®) initiated a program for credentialing behavior technicians. The new credential, Registered Behavior Technician™ (RBT®), is for providers of behavioral intervention to a wide range of individuals with mental health needs and developmental delays, including individuals diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The RBT® would represent the entry-level position within the range of the BACB® credentials. Despite the increasing acceptance of this newest level of credential from the behavioral community, the authors of this paper have substantial concerns with the RBT® credential as it relates to the delivery of intervention to individuals diagnosed with ASD...
June 2017: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629684/united-states-medical-licensing-examination-and-american-board-of-pediatrics-certification-examination-results-does-the-residency-program-contribute-to-trainee-achievement
#18
Thomas R Welch, Brad G Olson, Elizabeth Nelsen, Gary L Beck Dallaghan, Gloria A Kennedy, Ann Botash
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether training site or prior examinee performance on the US Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) step 1 and step 2 might predict pass rates on the American Board of Pediatrics (ABP) certifying examination. STUDY DESIGN: Data from graduates of pediatric residency programs completing the ABP certifying examination between 2009 and 2013 were obtained. For each, results of the initial ABP certifying examination were obtained, as well as results on National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) step 1 and step 2 examinations...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627296/sexual-violation-of-patients-by-physicians-a-mixed-methods-exploratory-analysis-of-101-cases
#19
James M DuBois, Heidi A Walsh, John T Chibnall, Emily E Anderson, Michelle R Eggers, Mobolaji Fowose, Hannah Ziobrowski
A mixed-method, exploratory design was used to examine 101 cases of sexual violations in medicine. The study involved content analysis of cases to characterize the physicians, patient-victims, the practice setting, kinds of sexual violations, and consequences to the perpetrator. In each case, a criminal law framework was used to examine how motives, means, and opportunity combined to generate sexual misconduct. Finally, cross-case analysis was performed to identify clusters of causal factors that explain specific kinds of sexual misconduct...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609535/comparison-of-content-on-the-american-board-of-internal-medicine-maintenance-of-certification-examination-with-conditions-seen-in-practice-by-general-internists
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bradley Gray, Jonathan Vandergrift, Rebecca S Lipner, Marianne M Green
Importance: Success on the internal medicine (IM) examination is a central requirement of the American Board of Internal Medicine's (ABIM's) Maintenance of Certification program (MOC). Therefore, it is important to understand the degree to which this examination reflects conditions seen in practice, one dimension of content validity, which focuses on the match between content in the discipline and the topics on the examination questions. Objective: To assess whether the frequency of questions on IM-MOC examinations were concordant with the frequency of conditions seen in practice...
June 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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