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Sophie Bauer, Carole E Aubert, Mischa Richli, Christian Chuard
PURPOSE: The frequency of bacteremia and the array of microorganisms involved in cellulitis vary greatly among studies. Although current guidelines do not recommend routine blood culture in uncomplicated cellulitis, their implementation in clinical practice remains challenging. We therefore aimed to assess the frequency, determinants and microbiology of bacteremia in hospitalized patients with uncomplicated cellulitis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all adult patients admitted at a primary-care hospital with a diagnosis of community-acquired uncomplicated cellulitis during a 4-year period...
August 12, 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Ana Campillo, Miriam Ostiz, Edurne Amorena, Marcos Kutz, Matilde La Iglesia
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In a previous study we found that the classical triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) had low efficacy (under 70%) in our area. After this finding, in mid 2012 quadruple concomitant therapy started to be prescribed in our hospital. The aim of the present study is to compare the efficacy of classical triple therapy and quadruple concomitant therapy without bismuth. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational retrospective study of prescribed treatments between 1st January 2012 and 5th May 2014 and their efficacy...
September 2, 2016: Medicina Clínica
F Pérez-Roca, A Alfaro Juárez, C Sánchez Merino, A Navarro Mingorance
CASE REPORT: We present the case of an 11-year-old boy with acute diplopia in near vision secondary to transient convergence palsy, possibly in relation to amoxicillin. DISCUSSION: Convergence palsy is an uncommon eye disorder. The causes are reviewed, and amoxicilin is identified as presumed etiologic agent. This is the first case reported.
April 7, 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
Anna Skurska, Ewa Dolinska, Małgorzata Pietruska, Jan K Pietruski, Violetta Dymicka, Halina Kemona, Nicole B Arweiler, Robert Milewsk, Anton Sculean
BACKGROUND: To evaluate in patients with aggressive periodontitis (AgP) the effect of nonsurgical periodontal treatment in conjunction with either additional administration of systemic antibiotics (AB) or application of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) concentration of matrix metalloproteinases 8 and 9 (MMP-8 and -9). METHODS: Thirty-six patients with AgP were included in the study. Patients were randomly assigned to treatment with either scaling and root planing (SRP) followed by systemic administration of AB (e...
2015: BMC Oral Health
Vanessa da Costa Andrade, Bruna Del Busso Zampieri, Eliete Rodrigues Ballesteros, Aline Bartelochi Pinto, Ana Julia Fernandes Cardoso de Oliveira
Bacterial resistance is a rising problem all over the world. Many studies have showed that beach sands can contain higher concentration of microorganisms and represent a risk to public health. This paper aims to evaluate the densities and resistance to antimicrobials of Escherichia coli strains, isolated from seawater and samples. The hypothesis is that microorganisms show higher densities in contaminated beach sands and more antimicrobial resistance than the water column. Density, distribution, and antimicrobial resistance of bacteria E...
June 2015: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
Gulcan Sahal, Isil Seyis Bilkay
Staphylococcus epidermidis which exists in healthy human skin as a commensal inhabitant is also an important pathogen forming biofilms on many surfaces and recently, increased resistance traits were suggested to be acquired in biofilm environments. In this study; clinical Prevalences, antibiotic resistances and biofilm formations of S. epidermidis strains were determined and comparison of all these findings with each other was carried out in order to take precautions against them and figure out if high biofilm forming S...
2014: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
Jai Hoon Yoon, Gwang Ho Baik, Kyoung Min Sohn, Dae Yong Kim, Yeon Soo Kim, Ki Tae Suk, Jin Bong Kim, Dong Joon Kim, Jin Bae Kim, Woon Geon Shin, Hak Yang Kim, Il Hyun Baik, Hyun Joo Jang
AIM: To evaluate the trends in the eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) over the past 11 years in a single center. METHODS: This retrospective study covered the period from January 2000 to December 2010. We evaluated 5746 patients diagnosed with gastric ulcers (GU), duodenal ulcers (DU), GU + DU, or nonpeptic ulcers associated with an H. pylori infection. We treated them annually with the 2 wk standard first-line triple regimen, proton pump inhibitor (PPI) + amoxicilin + clarithromycin (PAC; PPI, clarithromycin 500 mg, and amoxicillin 1 g, all twice a day)...
December 7, 2012: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Antonio Rey Ibarra, José Manuel Devesa Múgica
INTRODUCTION: Standard management of infected mesh advocates its removal, but this often results in a larger hernia than at the time of original repair. In this article we describe a novel approach to manage conservatively an infected prosthetic mesh. PATIENT AND METHODS: Mesh infection rate at our institution was 1%. We describe 3 cases (inguinal, ventral and parastomal hernias) that presented prosthetic mesh infections. All the cases were satisfactorily managed with a conservative approach, consisting in wound opening and pressurized wound irrigation with gentamicin (80mg/8hours) and intravenous infusion of Amoxicilin/Clavulanic acid (875mg+125mg/8hours) during 7 days, achieving sterile cultures of the mesh surface in all the cases...
October 2011: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
Ilkay Erdogan Orhan, Berrin Ozcelik, Yüksel Kan, Murat Kartal
In the current study, in vitro inhibitory activity of several essential oils obtained from the cultivated plants, Foeniculum vulgare, Mentha piperita and M. spicata, Ocimum basilicum, Origanum majorana, O. onites, O. vulgare, Satureja cuneifolia, and a number of individual essential oil components of terpene and aromatic types were screened against 10 isolated strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) enzyme, which makes this microorganism quite resistant against the antibiotics: trimetoprime-sulfametoksazol, sulbactam-ampicilin, clavulonate-amoxicilin, ceftriaxon, cefepime, imipenem, ceftazidime, tobramicine, gentamisine, ofloxacin, and ciprofloksasin...
October 2011: Journal of Food Science
Hajime Kanamori, Rizalina B Navarro, Hisakazu Yano, Lydia T Sombrero, Ma Rosario Z Capeding, Socorro P Lupisan, Remigio M Olveda, Kazuaki Arai, Hiroyuki Kunishima, Yoichi Hirakata, Mitsuo Kaku
β-Lactamases, including extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases, are major resistance mechanisms of Enterobacteriaceae. Emergence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants in ESBL-producing isolates poses a global threat. The molecular characterisitcs of ESBL and PMQR determinants in the Philippines are not well characterized. In this study, we investigated ESBLs and AmpC β-lactamases in clinical isolates of Enterobacteriaceae from the Philippines, and analyzed the association between ESBL and PMQR genes...
October 2011: Acta Tropica
Gönül Ozel, Ilker Burak Arslan, Murat Yeşilyurt, Bekir Celebi, Selçuk Kılıç
Tularemia which is a multisystem disease of humans and some animals, is endemic in North America, some parts of Europe and Asia. The causative agent, Francisella tularensis, is a fastidious gram-negative, intracellular bacterium which requires supplementation with sulphydryl compounds (cysteine, cystine, thiosulphate, isoVitaleX) for growth on common laboratory media. In this report, a case of oropharyngeal tularemia diagnosed by the isolation of the causative agent on non-selective-common microbiological agar, has been presented...
October 2010: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
Jorge E Machado-Alba, Diana M González-Santos
OBJECTIVES: Analysing how systemic antibiotic agents were dispensed to outpatients in a Colombian population between January 2005 and December 2006 and assessing their economic cost as antibiotic use and abuse have been related to serious bacterial resistance. METHODS: This was a descriptive observational study of antibiotic drug use; a database was compiled from medication usage records maintained by dispensing pharmacies in 10 Colombian cities regarding the total of users who had received some type of antibiotic...
October 2009: Revista de Salud Pública
Anida Grosicka, Sebastian Grosicki, Piotr Wandzel
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease is subacute, necrotizing lymphadenopathy affecting mainly young women, and manifested by cervical lymphadenopathy. It is often observed, and described in Asia, but in other world regions sporadically too. Etiology is unknown, but it has been postulated that this condition is induced by infectious factor. We described a case of 20-year-old Caucasian woman with diagnosis of Kikuchi-Fujimoto lymphadenopathy. First symptoms as a cervical lymph nodes enlargement 2 cm in diameter was associated with elevated body temperature, without associated symptoms of infection appeared about one year ago (data from history)...
2009: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Joseph M Blondeau, Glenn S Tillotson
Uncomplicated urinary infections are a significant and growing cause of morbidity amongst young women. Commonly these infections are caused by Escherichia coil or Staphylococcus saprophyticus. Escherichia coil is resistant to several empirical antibiotics: amoxicilin, trimetoprima-sulfametozaxol and, more recently, to some more old flouroquinolons. Gemifloxacin is a flouroquinolon with an excellent in vitro activity against many community acquired bacteria which cause respiratory or urinary infections. This antibiotic has a very unique and dual action mechanism directed against girasa and topoisomerasa II DNA, which grants minimum low inhibitory concentrations against Escherichia coil, Klebsiella and S...
December 2009: Ginecología y Obstetricia de México
Andrés Coca Pelaz, Ana Vivanco Allende, Jose Luis Llorente Pendás, Carlos Suárez Nieto
Parapharyngeal and retropharyngeal infections, which can potentially cause life-threatening complications, could be treated conservatively with no need for surgical drainage. A retrospective analysis of all patients diagnosed with retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal infections was performed. Information regarding age, sex, presenting symptoms, physical examination, laboratory and imaging evaluations, management, duration of hospital stay, and complications were reviewed. Seven children were identified, 4 with retropharyngeal abscess and 3 with parapharyngeal abscess...
July 2009: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
María de Lourdes Muñoz-Carlin, Armando Nevárez-Sida, Fernando García-Contreras, Sergio Raymundo Mendieta-Sevilla, Patricia Constantino-Casas
INTRODUCTION: Rhinosinusitis is one of the more common diseases encountered in outpatient visits to health care. The objective of this study was to determine the most cost-effective antibiotic treatment for patients with acute (RSA) and chronic rhinosinusitis (RSC) that is available at the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS). METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis of RSA and RSC treatment from an institutional perspective. Effectiveness outcome was defined as the percentage of cure...
May 2007: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Agustin A Villa
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper was to study the clinical, biochemical and histopathological correlation caused by scaling and root planning in diabetic patients with periodontal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 80 patients, both males and females, (age 25-60 years). Fourty patients had type 1 and type 2 diabetes, while 40 were non-diabetic patients. According to the medical examination, the subjects including in the study were well-compensated...
2006: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
Julio Pombo Romero, Manuel Portela Romero, José Ramón Vizoso Hermida, Margarita Tasende Souto
OBJECTIVE: To quantify, from an economic perspective, the results of the Pilot Program of Dispensation of Medicines in Unitary Dose in Galicia, Spain. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective study from 35,923 antibiotic prescriptions in customized doses corresponding to 5 active principles (amoxicillin, amoxicilin/clavulanic, claritromicin, cefuroxima axetil and ciprofloxacin). The program, which worked during 12 months, included 292 physicians from 46 units of primary care of the Galician Health Service and 167 offices of pharmacy...
January 2007: Gaceta Sanitaria
F Salgado Ordóñez, J Villar Jiménez, A Hidalgo Conde, A Villalobos Sánchez, J de la Torre Lima, J Aguilar García, I da Rocha Costa, M A García Ordóñez, E Nuño Alvarez, C Ramos Cantes, M Martín Pérez
OBJECTIVES: To describe the characteristics of patients admitted in hospitals with soft tissue infections, and analyse the variables whose died, in order to define risk groups. METHOD: retrospective analysis of medical reports of all patient admitted during 2002 year for soft tissue infections in public malacitans hospitals. We excluded the patient with soft tissue infections associated with burns, surgery, pressure ulcers, and orbit cellulitis. We analysed clinical, biochemical variables and indications for yields and imaging tests, so the empiric antibiotic treatment established and its correlations with practice guidelines...
July 2006: Anales de Medicina Interna: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Medicina Interna
Juan Manuel Zamora, Carolina Chaves, María Laura Arias
The actual use of antibiotics includes, not just its therapeutic cases, but also for disease prevention and as a growth promoter in animals. These practices have resulted in the propagation of resistance to antibiotics, representing a threat for Public Health. In this work, the antibiotic sensibility pattern of 20 Listeria monocytogenes and 40 Salmonella spp. strains, isolated from foodstuff was studied and compared with the antibiotic sensibility patterns of 20 L. monocytogenes and 100 Salmonella strains of clinical origin...
June 2006: Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición
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