keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sexual assault

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072668/genital-and-extragenital-gonorrhea-and-chlamydia-in-children-and-adolescents-evaluated-for-sexual-abuse
#1
Nancy D Kellogg, John D Melville, James L Lukefahr, Shalon M Nienow, Edward L Russell
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the use of a nucleic acid amplification test in detecting genital and extragenital Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) in children and adolescents assessed for sexual abuse/assault. METHODS: The charts of children aged 0 to 17 years, consecutively evaluated for sexual victimization, in emergency department and outpatient settings were reviewed. Data extracted included age, sex, type of sexual contact, anogenital findings, previous sexual contact, toxicology results, and sites tested for NG and CT...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068932/women-s-descriptions-of-childbirth-trauma-relating-to-care-provider-actions-and-interactions
#2
Rachel Reed, Rachael Sharman, Christian Inglis
BACKGROUND: Many women experience psychological trauma during birth. A traumatic birth can impact on postnatal mental health and family relationships. It is important to understand how interpersonal factors influence women's experience of trauma in order to inform the development of care that promotes optimal psychosocial outcomes. METHODS: As part of a large mixed methods study, 748 women completed an online survey and answered the question 'describe the birth trauma experience, and what you found traumatising'...
January 10, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068130/victimization-and-depressive-symptomology-in-transgender-adults-the-mediating-role-of-avoidant-coping
#3
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Tiara C Willie, Sari L Reisner
Victimization and depressive distress symptoms represent serious and interconnected public health problems facing transgender communities. Avoidant coping is hypothesized to temporarily alleviate the stress of victimization, but has potential long-term mental and behavioral health costs, such as increasing the probability of depressive symptoms. A community sample of 412 transgender adults (M age = 32.7, SD = 12.8) completed a one-time survey capturing multiple forms of victimization (i.e., everyday discrimination, bullying, physical assault by family, verbal harassment by family, childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence), avoidant coping, and past-week depressive symptomology...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060583/the-use-of-vignettes-to-empower-effective-responses-to-attempted-sexual-assault
#4
Kaylie T Allen, Elizabeth A Meadows
OBJECTIVE: Women assertively resisting sexual aggression have the best chances of avoiding completed rape. Especially with acquaintances, there are significant social and psychological barriers to resistance. Novel vignettes depicting acquaintance rape were designed to enhance self-efficacy, reduce unrealistic optimism, and empower assertive resistance. PARTICIPANTS: The data were collected using a Web-based survey of 449 female college students from multiple universities in August-October 2014...
January 6, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055082/association-of-dsm-iv-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-traumatic-experience-type-and-history-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#5
Howard Liu, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Victoria Shahly, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Oye Gureje, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Previous research has documented significant variation in the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depending on the type of traumatic experience (TE) and history of TE exposure, but the relatively small sample sizes in these studies resulted in a number of unresolved basic questions. Objective: To examine disaggregated associations of type of TE history with PTSD in a large cross-national community epidemiologic data set. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys assessed 29 TE types (lifetime exposure, age at first exposure) with DSM-IV PTSD that was associated with 1 randomly selected TE exposure (the random TE) for each respondent...
January 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052765/sexual-abuse-and-risky-sexual-behaviors-among-young-female-hawkers-in-burkina-faso-a-mixed-method-study
#6
Saide Yacine Y A Ouédraogo, Ebrima J Sisawo, Song-Lih Huang
BACKGROUND: Young street hawkers in Burkina Faso are increasingly exposed to workplace hazards such as physical and sexual abuse, and also unsafe sexual practices. The objectives of this study were to identify the socio-demographic status and work characteristics of young female hawkers, describe their sexual behavior and their experience with regards to sex-related violence at the workplace. METHODS: The study used a mixed design combining qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 4, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032801/blackouts-among-male-and-female-youth-seeking-emergency-department-care
#7
Diana M Voloshyna, Erin E Bonar, Rebecca M Cunningham, Mark A Ilgen, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related blackouts are a common consequence of heavy drinking, and these blackouts pose risk for injury and other adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of blackouts among underage drinkers. METHODS: Youth (ages 14-20) presenting to a suburban Emergency Department (ED) completed screening surveys. Among those reporting past-year alcohol consumption, we examined past 3-month blackouts in relation to: background characteristics (e...
December 29, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030996/not-a-big-deal-examining-help-seeking-behaviors-of-sexually-victimized-women-on-the-college-campus
#8
McKenzie Wood, Amy Stichman
The sexual assault and coercion of women on university campuses continues to be an ongoing problem. It is estimated that more than 15% of women attending college experience some type of sexual assault or coercion each year. As universities and other social institutions begin to acknowledge the prevalence of sexual victimization, an increased emphasis has been placed on helping victims of sexual crimes. The current study uses results from 378 surveys completed by females at a midwestern university to examine the help-seeking behaviors of those who have been victimized...
December 1, 2016: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029274/prevalence-of-victimization-in-patients-with-dual-diagnosis
#9
Marleen Maria de Waal, Jacobus Johannes Maria Dekker, Anna Emma Goudriaan
Objective The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of victimization in patients with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders (dual diagnosis) and compare them to the general population. Methods In this cross-sectional survey study conducted in the Netherlands, 9 different types of victimization (e.g. physical assault) were assessed with the Safety Monitor in patients with dual diagnosis (N = 243) and a sample of the general population (N = 10865). Chi-square tests were used to compare patients with a weighted sample of the general population...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012825/detection-of-the-antipsychotic-drug-quetiapine-in-the-blood-urine-and-hair-samples-of-the-victim-of-a-drug-facilitated-sexual-assault
#10
Sys Stybe Johansen
A drug rape facilitated with the sedative antipsychotic drug quetiapine is presented here. A teenage girl and her girlfriend went to the home of an adult couple they had met at a bar. Here, the teenage girl (victim) felt tired after consuming some alcoholic drinks and fell asleep. While she was asleep, the others left her at the house alone and returned to the bar. Later, the girl woke up to witness the adult male having intercourse with her, but she was not able to resist the attack. She fell asleep again and slept through the next day and a half, after which she left the house...
December 15, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008604/the-persistence-of-sperm-and-the-development-of-time-since-intercourse-tsi-guidelines-in-sexual-assault-cases-at-forensic-science-ireland-dublin-ireland
#11
David G Casey, Katarina Domijan, Sarah MacNeill, Damien Rizet, Declan O'Connell, Jennifer Ryan
The persistence of sperm using confirmatory microscopic analysis, the persistence of sperm with tails, time since intercourse (TSI) analysis, and results from the acid phosphatase (AP) reaction from approximately 5581 swabs taken from circa 1450 sexual assault cases are presented. The observed proportions of sperm in the vagina and anus declines significantly after 48 h TSI, and sperm on oral swabs were observed up to 15 h TSI. The AP reaction as a predictor of sperm on intimate swabs is questioned. All AP reaction times gave a low true positive rate; 23% of sperm-positive swabs gave a negative AP reaction time...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996354/different-perceptions-of-interprofessional-collaboration-and-factors-influencing-the-one-stop-service-for-sexual-assault-victims-in-taiwan
#12
Lih-Chu Tien, Yi-Ling Wu, Tsai-Wen Lin, Samuel Shih-Chih Wang
The purpose of interprofessional collaboration is to bring better services for sexual assault victims. In order to avoid secondary victimisation and improve the quality of forensic examination and prosecution rate, a one-stop service has been developed recently in Taiwan. However, whether the collaboration is successful may depend on participants' professional backgrounds and personal experiences and can be influenced by a number of factors. This study used the Index of Interdisciplinary Collaboration to examine the different perceptions of collaboration in team members and the related influences on collaboration...
January 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988489/frequent-experience-of-lgbq-microaggression-on-campus-associated-with-smoking-among-sexual-minority-college-students
#13
Thomas Ylioja, Gerald Cochran, Michael R Woodford, Kristen A Renn
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, or queer/questioning (LGBQ) microaggressions refer to often-unintentional insults, assaults, and invalidations that denigrate sexual minorities. While experiencing hostile discrimination and violence has previously been associated with elevated rates of smoking cigarettes for LGBQ college students, the relationship between LGBQ microaggressions and smoking is unknown. METHODS: Data from a national anonymous online survey of sexual and gender minority college students were used to examine the relationship between past month cigarette smoking and interpersonal LGBQ microaggressions...
November 8, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973916/health-consequences-of-intimate-partner-violence-against-married-women-a-population-based-study-in-northern-iran
#14
Robabeh Soleimani, Reza Ahmadi, Azadeh Yosefnezhad
The effects of different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) on mental health are understudied. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between women's mental health and physical, psychological and sexual IPV. We invited subjects of a population-based survey conducted in 2015 in Rasht, Iran, on IPV against women to complete the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28). The present research study is a secondary study based on these data and archival data from the 2015 study. For analysis, multivariate analysis of covariance was used...
December 14, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960615/posttraumatic-stress-and-depression-may-undermine-abuse-survivors-self-efficacy-in-the-obstetric-care-setting
#15
Natalie R Stevens, Vanessa Tirone, Teresa A Lillis, Lucie Holmgreen, Allison Chen-McCracken, Stevan E Hobfoll
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTS) are associated with increased risk of obstetric complications among pregnant survivors of trauma, abuse and interpersonal violence, but little is known about how PTS affects women's actual experiences of obstetric care. This study investigated the rate at which abuse history was detected by obstetricians, whether abuse survivors experienced more invasive exams than is typically indicated for routine obstetric care, and whether psychological distress was associated with abuse survivors' sense of self-efficacy when communicating their obstetric care needs...
December 14, 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940325/predictors-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-potentially-traumatic-event-exposure
#16
Cassie Overstreet, Erin C Berenz, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick, Ananda B Amstadter
The aims were two-fold: to examine prevalence and correlates of lifetime potentially traumatic event (PTE) exposure and to explore the relationships between PTE exposure and mental health outcomes (i.e., trauma related distress, alcohol use quantity and frequency, depression symptoms, and anxiety symptoms) within a large sample of college freshmen. 6120 participants, consisting of three cohorts of incoming freshman at a large southeastern university, completed an online assessment battery measuring a multitude of factors including PTEs, personality, relationships (i...
January 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936969/the-impact-of-stroke-on-female-sexuality
#17
Sandra Lever, Julie Pryor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of stroke on female sexuality from the perspective of women who have had a stroke. METHOD: A descriptive qualitative study. Nine female stroke survivors living in metropolitan and surrounding districts of Sydney, Australia took part in semi-structured conversational interviews. The mean length of time from stroke onset to interview was around 6 years and 2 months (range 1 year, 2 months to 15 years, 9 months)...
December 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936851/relationship-between-negative-social-reactions-to-sexual-assault-disclosure-and-mental-health-outcomes-of-black-and-white-female-survivors
#18
Dehnad Hakimi, Thema Bryant-Davis, Sarah E Ullman, Robyn L Gobin
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the effect of race on the relationship between negative reactions to sexual assault disclosure and the psychological sequelae such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and problem drinking in female sexual assault survivors. METHOD: Using hierarchical regression in an ethnically diverse community sample of 622 female adult sexual assault victims, we assessed for sexual assault; negative reactions to sexual assault disclosure; and symptom severity for PTSD, depression, and problem drinking...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936359/does-alcohol-really-contribute-to-college-men-s-sexual-assault-perpetration-a-commentary-on-testa-and-cleveland-2017
#19
William H George, Kelly Cue Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936358/moving-beyond-simple-answers-to-complex-questions-how-does-context-affect-alcohol-s-role-in-sexual-assault-perpetration-a-commentary-on-testa-and-cleveland-2017
#20
Antonia Abbey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
keyword
keyword
3610
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"