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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245063/background-levels-of-male-dna-in-the-vaginal-cavity
#1
Patricia P Albani, Jayshree Patel, Rachel I Fleming
In alleged sexual assault investigations, the detection of male DNA on female intimate swabs can be established through Y-STR profiling. However, in cases where the defendant lives in the same dwelling as the complainant, the defendant may argue that his DNA was transferred through normal social contact, and dispute that intimate contact occurred. This study aimed to determine whether or not male DNA could be detected in samples collected from the vaginal cavity after everyday activities. A total of 300 samples from eight individuals were subjected to DNA quantification and Y-STR amplification...
December 6, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244901/trauma-exposure-and-undetected-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-adults-with-a-mental-disorder
#2
Catrin Lewis, Lawrence Raisanen, Jonathan I Bisson, Ian Jones, Stan Zammit
BACKGROUND: Trauma exposure and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are common among individuals with a mental disorder, but symptoms often go undetected and untreated. METHODS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of PTSD among a large sample of adults with psychiatric diagnoses and to establish factors associated with symptoms going undetected. Participants were 1,946 adults recruited by the National Centre for Mental Health. Structured interviews and validated self-report questionnaires were used to ascertain clinical and demographic information for analysis...
December 15, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236188/contributors-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-incarcerated-youth
#3
Larkin Street McReynolds, Gail Wasserman, Elise Ozbardakci
BACKGROUND: Despite elevations in risks associated with self-injurious behavior among community adolescents, the degree to which these features are associated with self-injury among incarcerated youth has rarely been examined. Although the DSM-5 recently proposed a distinct category of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI), most studies of youths in forensic settings have not distinguished between subtypes of self-harming individuals. METHODS: Demographic, offense, and disorder contributors to NSSI in incarcerated youths of both genders (N = 358) were examined via a computerized self-report instrument (VISA), largely consistent with DSM-5...
December 13, 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227505/neurobiology-of-sexual-assault-and-osteopathic-considerations-for-trauma-informed-care-and-practice
#4
Kristen M Cuevas, Jane Balbo, Krista Duval, Elizabeth A Beverly
Sexual assault is a traumatic event with potentially devastating lifelong effects on physical and emotional health. Sexual assault is associated with gastrointestinal, neurologic, and reproductive symptoms, as well as obesity, diabetes, and chronic pain. With 1 in 3 women and 1 in 6 men experiencing some form of unwanted sexual violence in their lifetime, sexual assault is a significant public health problem that necessitates attention in the medical community. This review discusses relevant literature on the neurobiologic changes that occur as a consequence of sexual assault, such as how the brain responds during a traumatic experience and the impact of trauma on memory...
December 11, 2017: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224386/sexual-homicides-in-china-exploring-the-offender-victim-and-offense-characteristics
#5
Heng Choon Oliver Chan, Feng Li, Sihai Liu, Xuesong Lu, Haipeng Jia
Nearly all information available on sexual homicides are limited to studies conducted in the West. Little is known about sexual homicides that occurred in China. The current study is arguably the first to explore the offender, victim, and offense characteristics of Chinese sexual homicides. Over a period of 23 years (1994 to 2016), the data of 59 cases collected from two data sources (i.e., published Chinese case reports and police data) are examined. Findings indicate that heterosexual assaults are far more prevalent in Chinese sexual homicides...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223515/-patients-assaulted-in-psychiatric-institutions-literature-review-and-clinical-implications
#6
A Ladois-Do Pilar Rei, S Chraïbi
BACKGROUND: The psychiatric ward is a place where all forms of violence are treated. Occasionally, this violence involves acts of aggression between patients in emergency psychiatric units or hospital wards. Such events can lead to the development or worsening of posttraumatic stress disorder. METHODS: To establish the context, we first examined the epidemiology data concerning posttraumatic stress disorder in psychiatric patients who were frequently exposed to assaults...
December 6, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221651/-the-myth-of-virgin-cleansing-latest-news-on-an-archaic-magico-religious-practice
#7
P Charlier, F Bou Abdallah, L Brun, V Hoang-Oppermann, S Deo, Y Mostefai-Dulac, M-F Mamzer, C Hervé
BACKGROUND: In the medical anthropology section of the Nanterre Hospital (France) for migrants and refugees, three cases were recorded of "virgin cleansing" in sub-Saharan African countries. PATIENTS AND METHODS: These consisted of sexual assaults (2 instances of rape and 1 of sexual interference) on sexually immature females (young girls) by patients with sexually transmitted infections (mainly HIV, syphilis) hoping they might thereby be cured. DISCUSSION: These particularly atrocious hetero-aggressive sexual practices based on magical arguments are unfortunately universal and are not limited to a specific culture...
December 5, 2017: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216933/the-impact-of-victim-alcohol-consumption-and-perpetrator-use-of-force-on-perceptions-in-an-acquaintance-rape-vignette
#8
Amy L Brown, Jada Horton, Ariel Guillory
Research suggests that victims of incapacitated rape (when someone has sex with a person who is unable to consent to orresist sexual activity, usually because of intoxication) face higher levels of victim blame than do victims of forcible rape (Krahé, Temkin, & Bieneck, 2007). However, it is not clear whether blame is the result of victim alcohol consumption or the lack of force and resistance present during incapacitated rape; both of these factors have been shown to increase victim blame. The current vignette study crossed victim alcohol consumption and perpetrator use of force...
December 7, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209670/inflammatory-parameters-in-sexually-abused-children
#9
Serbülent Kılıç, Kara Ozlem, Tutanc Murat
To investigate whether serum levels of cortisol, interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 differed between children with or without a sexual trauma. Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in the Department of Child Protective Service (CPS), Bursa Yuksek Ihtisas Training and Research Hospital, Bursa, Turkey, between May 2016 and July 2016. Three different markers (cortisol, interleukin-6 and interleukin-10) were used to perform this experiment. We included 17 children age less than 18 years old and sexually abused, and 10 children who were not abused as a control group...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199476/sexual-violence-victimization-among-youth-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-the-role-of-violence-exposure-in-predicting-risk
#10
Andria B Eisman, Quyen M Ngo, Yasamin Y Kusunoki, Erin E Bonar, Marc A Zimmerman PhD, Rebecca M Cunningham Md, Maureen A Walton PhD Mph
Sexual violence (SV) is a widespread public health problem among adolescents and emerging adults with significant short- and long-term consequences. Young people living in urban, disadvantaged communities with high rates of violence may be especially at risk for SV victimization. Understanding interconnections between different forms of violence is critical to reducing SV risk among youth. Participants were youth ( N = 599) ages 14 to 24 years ( M = 20.05, SD = 2.42) presenting to an urban emergency department with a Level 1 trauma designation as part of a prospective cohort study and followed-up for 24 months...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198380/the-priority-of-administering-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-in-cases-of-sexual-assault-in-an-emergency-department
#11
Meredith Scannell, Andrea E MacDonald, Amanda Berger, Nichole Boyer
INTRODUCTION: Contracting the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a genuine concern for sexually assaulted patients. Emergency departments are a place where sexually assaulted patients seek care, including treatment to prevent HIV. Prompt administration of nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis is essential because of the time-sensitive nature of the medications. Quality improvement measures at an urban hospital revealed delays in administration of postexposure prophylaxis to these patients...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN: Official Publication of the Emergency Department Nurses Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195520/police-officers-rape-myth-acceptance-examining-the-role-of-officer-characteristics-estimates-of-false-reporting-and-social-desirability-bias
#12
Rachel M Venema
This study examines police officers' perceptions of sexual assault and those who report sexual assault to the police, using a revised version of the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale along with a measure of social desirability bias. The study includes survey responses from 174 officers from 1 mid-sized police department in the Great Lakes region. Results show low to moderate levels of rape myth acceptance scores on the Rape Myth Acceptance Scale, with highest scores related to victim lying. Officers report very high estimates of false reporting, indicating some rape myth acceptance...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195515/the-role-of-objectification-in-the-victimization-and-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence
#13
Melissa R Jonnson, Jennifer I Langille, Zach Walsh
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a substantial health concern and identifying risk factors for IPV is a research priority. We examined the relationship between severe IPV and objectification of the self and other sex across participant sex. A sample of 1,005 male and female university students completed a series of online questionnaires that measure levels of self-objectification, objectification of the other sex, and histories of severe IPV victimization and perpetration. Self-objectification was associated with severe psychological aggression, physical assault, and sexual coercion victimization in females, but not in males...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195514/college-students-perspectives-on-campus-health-centers-as-a-sexual-assault-resource-a-qualitative-analysis
#14
Valerie Halstead, Jessica R Williams, Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda
Students' perspectives of student health centers as a resource for sexual violence were examined. A qualitative, descriptive research design was used. Data were collected from 37 female undergraduate students in March 2016. Four focus groups were conducted and analyzed using thematic analysis techniques. Three themes emerged: (a) supports and barriers to using student health centers for sexual violence; (b) student health centers' responsibility to educate students about sexual violence; and (c) student health centers' responsibility to use campus-wide, comprehensive sexual violence efforts...
December 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194608/str-genotyping-from-a-dry-cleaned-skirt-in-a-sexual-assault-case
#15
Hisae Ogawa, Yuuji Hiroshige, Takashi Yoshimoto, Akira Ishii, Toshimichi Yamamoto
In this sexual assault case, the standard preliminary semen examinations could not confirm physically or biochemically whether the accused's semen had stained the victim's skirt because the skirt had been dry-cleaned for stain removal and had been worn for more than a year after the assault. Fortunately, however, a photograph taken just after the assault was found in the court records that showed white stains on the checkered skirt. The locations of the stains were estimated based on the checkered pattern of the fabric, and microscopic examination using Baecchi's staining revealed the presence of spermatozoa...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193079/statistical-modeling-of-the-case-information-from-the-ohio-attorney-general-s-sexual-assault-kit-testing-initiative
#16
Jaimie E Kerka, Derek J Heckman, James H Albert, Jon E Sprague, Lewis O Maddox
The Ohio Attorney General's Sexual Assault Kit (SAK) Testing Initiative has resulted in nearly 14,000 kits being processed since the initiation of the project in 2012. A logistic regression model was fit to the data from 2500 SAKs in order to determine the probability of obtaining at least one Combined DNA Index System (CODIS) eligible DNA profile based on a number of predictor variables. The probability of obtaining at least one CODIS eligible DNA profile from an SAK varied as a function of (i) days to kit collection following a sexual assault; (ii) years to kit submission to the laboratory for testing following kit collection; (iii) the age of the victim; and (iv) the occurrence of victim-reported consensual sex around the time of the assault and/or kit collection...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190404/sex-ed-by-brown-med-a-student-run-curriculum-and-its-impact-on-sexual-health-knowledge
#17
Erica Duh, Sheyla P Medina, Nathan Coppersmith, Naomi Adjei, Mary B Roberts, Susanna Magee
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Risky sexual behavior among adolescents is a public health crisis. We describe a novel approach to sexual health education where medical students manage a curriculum for an entire seventh grade in one Rhode Island city to better equip students with comprehensive knowledge about sexual health. METHODS: Medical students were trained to teach 12 sessions to seventh-grade students under the supervision of the classroom teacher using a curriculum designed by medical students and faculty (modeled on the Family Life and Sexual Health [FLASH] curriculum but tailored to meet the community's needs)...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179154/understanding-sexual-assault-risk-perception-in-college-associations-among-sexual-assault-history-drinking-to-cope-and-alcohol-use
#18
Elizabeth C Neilson, Elizabeth R Bird, Isha W Metzger, William H George, Jeanette Norris, Amanda K Gilmore
INTRODUCTION: Sexual assault history and alcohol use are associated with higher likelihood of subsequent sexual assault. Alcohol use and drinking to cope are associated with re-assault, but it is unclear whether these factors are associated with malleable constructs like sexual assault risk perception. This study examined typical weekly drinking and drinking to cope motive as factors underlying the association between sexual assault history and risk perception. METHODS: Both perceived likelihood of experiencing incapacitated sexual assault and when to leaving a hypothetical sexual assault scenario were assessed as indicators of sexual assault risk perception...
November 14, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176518/lessons-learned-from-icare-a-postexamination-text-messaging-based-program-with-sexual-assault-patients
#19
Danielle L Hicks, Debra Patterson, Stella Resko
BACKGROUND: Although beneficial, few sexual assault patients seek follow-up healthcare or counseling after a medical forensic examination. Mobile technology interventions may help patients engage in postcare, but there is a dearth of research on patients' utilization of these interventions. The current study examines patients' engagement with a 4-week postassault text message program (iCare), which assessed patients' safety and well-being, if they needed assistance with accessing nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis, or scheduling appointments for follow-up pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection testing, and their experience with the criminal justice system...
October 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175988/us-neurologist-escapes-jail-for-alleged-serial-sexual-assaults-but-faces-more-accusers
#20
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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