keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

spermatogonial stem cell

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436141/microrna-10b-regulates-the-renewal-of-spermatogonial-stem-cells-through-kruppel-like-factor-4
#1
Jiang Li, Xiang Liu, Xiaopeng Hu, Geng G Tian, Wenzhi Ma, Xiuying Pei, Yanrong Wang, Ji Wu
MicroRNAs (miRs) are functionally important in spermatogenesis, which is the self-renewal or differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Here, we report a novel role for miR-10b in regulating the self-renewal of mouse SSCs. We showed that miR-10b was highly expressed in mouse SSCs in vitro and enhanced SSC proliferation. Knockdown of miR-10b significantly increased the apoptosis of SSCs compared with controls. Kruppel-like factor 4 was found to be a target gene of miR-10b in the enhancement of SSC proliferation...
April 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434938/polycomb-group-gene-e-z-is-required-for-spermatogonial-dedifferentiation-in-drosophila-adult-testis
#2
Suk Ho Eun, Lijuan Feng, Luis Cedeno-Rosario, Qiang Gan, Gang Wei, Kairong Cui, Keji Zhao, Xin Chen
Dedifferentiation is an important process to replenish lost stem cells during aging or regeneration after injury to maintain tissue homeostasis. Here we report that Enhancer of Zeste [E(z)], a component of the Polycomb Repression Complex 2 (PRC2), is required to maintain a stable pool of germline stem cells (GSCs) within the niche microenvironment. During aging, germ cells with reduced E(z) activity cannot meet that requirement, but the defect neither arises from increased GSC death nor premature differentiation...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427670/estimation-of-the-distribution-of-low-intensity-ultrasound-mechanical-index-as-a-parameter-affecting-the-proliferation-of-spermatogonia-stem-cells-in-vitro
#3
Zeinab Hormozi Moghaddam, Manijhe Mokhtari-Dizaji, Mansoureh Movahedin, Mohammad Ehsan Ravari
Considering the use of physical and mechanical stimulation, such as low-intensity ultrasound for proliferation and differentiation of stem cells, it is essential to understand the physical and acoustical mechanisms of acoustic waves in vitro. Mechanical index is used for quantifying acoustic cavitation and the relationship between acoustic pressure and the frequency. In this study, modeling of the mechanical index was applied to provide treatment protocol and to understand the effective physical processes on reproducibility of stem cells...
July 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420800/setdb1-plays-an-essential-role-in-maintenance-of-gonocyte-survival-in-pigs
#4
Tian Tian Liu, Pengfei Zhang, Tian Jiao Li, Xiao Xu Chen, Zhen Shuo Zhu, Ying Hua Lyu, Xue Liang Li, Xiue Tian, Wen Xian Zeng
Histone methyltransferase SETDB1 suppresses gene expression and modulates heterochromatin formation through H3K9me2/3. Previous studies have revealed that SETDB1 catalyzes lysine 9 of histone H3 tri-methylation and plays essential roles in maintaining the survival of embryonic stem cells and spermatogonial stem cells in mice. However, the function of SETDB1 in porcine male germ cells remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to reveal the expression profile and function of SETDB1 in porcine germ cells...
April 18, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408750/transcriptional-regulatory-networks-underlying-the-reprogramming-of-spermatogonial-stem-cells-to-multipotent-stem-cells
#5
Hoe-Su Jeong, Jinhyuk Bhin, Hyung Joon Kim, Daehee Hwang, Dong Ryul Lee, Kye-Seong Kim
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are germline stem cells located along the basement membrane of seminiferous tubules in testes. Recently, SSCs were shown to be reprogrammed into multipotent SSCs (mSSCs). However, both the key factors and biological networks underlying this reprogramming remain elusive. Here, we present transcriptional regulatory networks (TRNs) that control cellular processes related to the SSC-to-mSSC reprogramming. Previously, we established intermediate SSCs (iSSCs) undergoing the transition to mSSCs and generated gene expression profiles of SSCs, iSSCs and mSSCs...
April 14, 2017: Experimental & Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408662/the-gdnf-responsive-phosphoprotein-landscape-identifies-raptor-phosphorylation-required-for-spermatogonial-progenitor-cell-proliferation
#6
Min Wang, Yueshuai Guo, Mei Wang, Tao Zhou, Yuanyuan Xue, Guihua Du, Xiang Wei, Jing Wang, Lin Qi, Hao Zhang, Lufan Li, Lan Ye, Xuejiang Guo, Xin Wu
Cytokine-dependent renewal of stem cells is a fundamental requisite for tissue homeostasis and regeneration. Spermatogonial progenitor cells (SPCs) including stem cells support life-long spermatogenesis and male fertility, but pivotal phosphorylation events that regulate fate decisions in SPCs remain unresolved. Here, we described a quantitative mass-spectrometry-based proteomic and phosphoproteomic analyses of SPCs following sustained stimulation with glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), an extrinsic factor supporting SPC proliferation...
April 13, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402059/molecular-markers-of-putative-spermatogonial-stem-cells-in-the-domestic-cat
#7
S J Bedford-Guaus, S Kim, L Mulero, J M Vaquero, C Morera, R Adan-Milanès, A Veiga, Á Raya
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are an important tool for fertility preservation and species conservation. The ability to expand SSCs by in vitro culture is a crucial premise for their use in assisted reproduction. Because SSCs represent a small proportion of the germ cells in the adult testis, culture success is aided by pre-enrichment through sorting techniques based on cell surface-specific markers. Given the importance of the domestic cat as a model for conservation of endangered wild felids, herein we sought to examine culture conditions as well as molecular markers for cat SSCs...
April 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395324/adeno-associated-virus-mediated-delivery-of-genes-to-mouse-spermatogonial-stem-cells%C3%A2
#8
Satoshi Watanabe, Mito Kanatsu-Shinohara, Narumi Ogonuki, Shogo Matoba, Atsuo Ogura, Takashi Shinohara
Spermatogenesis is a complicated process that originates from spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), which have self-renewal activity. Because SSCs are the only stem cells in the body that transmit genetic information to the next generation, they are an attractive target for germline modification. Although several virus vectors have been successfully used to transduce SSCs, cell toxicity or insertional mutagenesis of the transgene has limited their usage. Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is unique among virus vectors because of its target specificity and low toxicity in somatic cells, and clinical trials have shown that it has promise for gene therapy...
January 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392219/glycolysis-optimized-conditions-enhance-maintenance-of-regenerative-integrity-in-mouse-spermatogonial-stem-cells-during-long-term-culture
#9
Aileen R Helsel, Melissa J Oatley, Jon M Oatley
The application of spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) transplantation for regenerating male fertility requires amplification of SSC number in vitro during which the integrity to re-establish spermatogenesis must be preserved. Conventional conditions supporting proliferation of SSCs from mouse pups have been the basis for developing methodology with adult human cells but are unrefined. We found that the integrity to regenerate spermatogenesis after transplantation declines with advancing time in primary cultures of pup SSCs and that the efficacy of deriving cultures from adult SSCs is limited with conventional conditions...
March 24, 2017: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379293/cell-autonomous-requirement-for-mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-mtor-in-spermatogonial-proliferation-and-differentiation-in-the-mouse4
#10
Nicholas D Serra, Ellen K Velte, Bryan A Niedenberger, Oleksander Kirsanov, Christopher B Geyer
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) must balance self-renewal with production of transit-amplifying progenitors that differentiate in response to retinoic acid (RA) before entering meiosis. This self-renewal vs. differentiation fate decision is critical for maintaining tissue homeostasis, as imbalances cause defects that can lead to human testicular cancer or infertility. Little is currently known about the program of differentiation initiated by RA, and the pathways and proteins involved are poorly defined. We recently found that RA stimulation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR kinase signaling pathway is required for differentiation, and that short-term inhibition of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) by rapamycin blocked spermatogonial differentiation in vivo and prevented RA-induced translational activation...
March 31, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373495/spermatogonial-stem-cell-transplantation-to-the-testis
#11
Shaun Goodyear, Ralph Brinster
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are located in the basal region of the seminiferous tubules and provide a self-renewing reservoir from which progenitor spermatogonia arise and transiently amplify in number before transition to a differentiating state. SSC transplantation involves grafting mouse testicular cells into the seminiferous tubules of an aspermic recipient testis that is generated either by chemical (e.g., busulfan) treatment or genetic mutations.
April 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373494/cryopreserving-and-thawing-spermatogonial-stem-cells
#12
Jon Oatley
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) can be cryopreserved and stored in liquid nitrogen, using relatively standard cryopreservation techniques. At a subsequent time, they can be thawed for subsequent culture and expansion and then transplanted to generate spermatogenesis.
April 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373493/culture-and-expansion-of-primary-undifferentiated-spermatogonial-stem-cells
#13
Shaun Goodyear, Ralph Brinster
This protocol describes a culture method for supporting the maintenance and expansion of a primary mouse undifferentiated spermatogonial population containing spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). The doubling time for SSCs in culture is relatively slow. Once established, SSC lines are split 1:2 to 1:4 every 7 d. Therefore, the time required to generate sufficient SSCs for experimentation can be considerable and requires careful planning.
April 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373492/isolation-of-the-spermatogonial-stem-cell-containing-fraction-from-testes
#14
Shaun Goodyear, Ralph Brinster
A testis cell fraction enriched for spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) compared with the unfractionated total testis cell population can be isolated from testes after birth and adult stages. This protocol involves dissociating the seminiferous tubules into a single-cell suspension, using enzymes and mechanical disruption. This is followed by the selection of the Thy1(+) cell fraction that contains nearly the entire SSC population and is enriched for these cells compared with the total testis cell population. This isolated fraction can be used for molecular studies, transfer into culture to establish primary cultures, or transplantation into the testes of recipients for spermatogenesis...
April 3, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369535/the-production-of-glial-cell-line-derived-neurotrophic-factor-by-human-sertoli-cells-is-substantially-reduced-in-sertoli-cell-only-testes
#15
D Singh, D A Paduch, P N Schlegel, K E Orwig, A Mielnik, A Bolyakov, W W Wright
STUDY QUESTION: Do human Sertoli cells in testes that exhibit the Sertoli cell-only (SCO) phenotype produce substantially less glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) than Sertoli cells in normal testes? SUMMARY ANSWER: In human SCO testes, both the amounts of GDNF mRNA per testis and the concentration of GDNF protein per Sertoli cell are markedly reduced as compared to normal testes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In vivo, GDNF is required to sustain the numbers and function of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and their immediate progeny, transit-amplifying progenitor spermatogonia...
May 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366411/obesity-male-infertility-and-the-sperm-epigenome
#16
REVIEW
James R Craig, Timothy G Jenkins, Douglas T Carrell, James M Hotaling
Obesity is a growing epidemic and a common problem among reproductive-age men that can both cause and exacerbate male-factor infertility by means of endocrine abnormalities, associated comorbidities, and direct effects on the fidelity and throughput of spermatogenesis. Robust epidemiologic, clinical, genetic, epigenetic, and nonhuman animal data support these findings. Recent works in the burgeoning field of epigenetics has demonstrated that paternal obesity can affect offspring metabolic and reproductive phenotypes by means of epigenetic reprogramming of spermatogonial stem cells...
April 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364632/testicular-organoid-generation-by-a-novel-in%C3%A2-vitro-three-layer-gradient-system
#17
João Pedro Alves-Lopes, Olle Söder, Jan-Bernd Stukenborg
A system that models the testicular microenvironment and spermatogonial stem-cell (SSC) niche in vitro has not been produced yet. Here, we developed and characterized a novel three-dimensional multilayer model, the Three-Layer Gradient System (3-LGS), which permits the generation of rat testicular organoids with a functional blood-testis barrier (BTB) and germ cell establishment and proliferation. The model is unique as regards the formation of cellular organizations that more closely represent the in vivo germ-to-somatic cell associations in vitro...
June 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364347/cyp1a1-based-on-metabolism-of-xenobiotics-by-cytochrome-p450-regulates-chicken-male-germ-cell-differentiation
#18
Dong Li, Man Wang, Shaoze Cheng, Chen Zhang, Yilin Wang, Wenhui Zhang, Ruifeng Zhao, Changhua Sun, Yani Zhang, Bichun Li
This study aimed to explore the regulatory mechanism of metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450 during the differentiation process of chicken embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and consummate the induction differentiation system of chicken embryonic stem cells (cESCs) into SSCs in vitro. We performed RNA-Seq in highly purified male ESCs, male primordial germ cells (PGCs), and SSCs that are associated with the male germ cell differentiation. Thereinto, the metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450 was selected and analyzed with Venny among male ESC vs male PGC, male PGC vs SSC, and male ESC vs SSC groups and several candidates differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were excavated...
March 31, 2017: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339678/ddx4-egfp-transgenic-rat-model-for-the-study-of-germline-development-and-spermatogenesis-%C3%A2
#19
Kathrin Gassei, Yi Sheng, Adetunji Fayomi, Payal Mital, Meena Sukhwani, Chih-Cheng Lin, Karen A Peters, Andrew Althouse, Hanna Valli, Kyle E Orwig
Spermatogonial stem cells (SSC) are essential for spermatogenesis and male fertility. In addition, these adult tissue stem cells can be used as vehicles for germline modification in animal models and may have application for treating male infertility. To facilitate the investigation of SSCs and germ lineage development in rats, we generated a DEAD-box helicase 4 (DDX4) (VASA) promoter-enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter transgenic rat. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and immunofluorescence confirmed that EGFP was expressed in the germ cells of the ovaries and testes and was absent in somatic cells and tissues...
March 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339648/three-dimensional-testicular-organoid-a-novel-tool-for-the-study-of-human-spermatogenesis-and-gonadotoxicity-in-vitro%C3%A2
#20
Samuel S Pendergraft, Hooman Sadri-Ardekani, Anthony Atala, Colin E Bishop
Existing methods for evaluating the potential gonadotoxicity of environmental agents and pharmaceutical compounds rely heavily on animal studies. The current gold standard in vivo functional assays in animals are limited in their human predictive capacity. In addition, existing human two-dimensional in vitro models of testicular toxicity do not accurately reflect the in vivo situation. A more reliable testicular in vitro model system is needed to better assess the gonadotoxic potential of drugs prior to progression into clinical trials...
March 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
keyword
keyword
36099
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"