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spermatogonial stem cell

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908878/rhox10-spurs-on-spermatogonial-stem-cell-establishment
#1
Katie Gerhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906584/effects-of-the-transforming-growth-factor-beta-signaling-pathway-on-the-differentiation-of-chicken-embryonic-stem-cells-into-male-germ-cells
#2
Yani Zhang, Yingjie Wang, Qisheng Zuo, Dong Li, Wenhui Zhang, Chao Lian, Beibei Tang, Tianrong Xiao, Man Wang, Kehua Wang, Bichun Li
The objectives of the present study were to screen for key gene and signaling pathways involved in the production of male germ cells in poultry and to investigate the effects of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) signaling pathway on the differentiation of chicken embryonic stem cells (ESCs) into male germ cells. The ESCs, primordial germ cells, and spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) were sorted using flow cytometry for RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) technology. Male chicken ESCs were induced using 40 ng/mL of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4)...
November 2016: Cellular Reprogramming
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878497/role-of-tissue-specific-stem-and-progenitor-cells-in-the-regeneration-of-the-pancreas-and-testicular-tissue-in-diabetic-disorders
#3
E G Skurikhin, A V Pakhomova, N N Ermakova, O V Pershina, V A Krupin, E S Pan, A I Kudryashova, L A Ermolaeva, A M Dygai
Using the model of hypogonadism in C57Bl/6 male mice, we showed that injection of streptozotocin to newborn animals and high-fat diet induced serum IFN-γ and IL-17 elevation, glucose metabolism disturbances, insulin resistance, destructive changes of the Langerhans islets (deficit of PDX1(+)β cells), while the number of oligopotent β cell precursors (CD45(-)TER119(-)CD133(+)CD49f(low)) increased. Diabetes played the role of an inducer of testicular tissue inflammation (pan-hemopoietic cell infiltration, increase of IL-2, IL-17, and IL-23 content) and reproductive system disturbances in mice (decrease in free testosterone concentration, suppression of spermatogenesis, and infertility)...
November 23, 2016: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876458/relative-abundance-of-g-protein-coupled-receptor-30-and-localization-in-testis-and-epididymis-of-sheep-at-different-developmental-stages
#4
Peiyao Lu, Fuchuan Wang, Xianyi Song, Yang Liu, Kai Zhang, Ningxian Cao
The G protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) is a transmembrane estrogen receptor that binds to estrogen, and has been confirmed to have an important role in testicular cell proliferation and development. The main objective of this study was to examine GPR30 gene expression and localization in the testis and epididymis of sheep at different developmental stages. Testes, including the epididymis, were collected from Polled Dorset x Mongolian cross rams at one (n=4; wt), three (n=4; wt), six (n=4; wt), nine (n=4; wt) and 12 (n=4; wt) months of age...
October 11, 2016: Animal Reproduction Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872721/the-role-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-receptor-2-fgfr2-in-differentiation-of-bovine-spermatogonial-stem-cells-scc
#5
Rahem Khoshbakht, Mohammad Tabatabaei, Saeid Hoseinzadeh, Mojtaba Mojtaba, Hesamaddin Shirzad Aski, Enayat Berizi
Although poultry meat is considered as the main source for human Campylobacter infections, there is limited information about non-poultry sources. The present study was aimed to investigate the prevalence and the antibiotic resistance of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. in fecal samples of the cattle and sheep in Shiraz, Iran. A total of 302 fecal samples were obtained from clinically healthy, slaughtered cattle and sheep from Shiraz slaughterhouse. The animals were clinically healthy before being slaughtered...
2016: Veterinary Research Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872163/role-of-autophagy-in-cadmium-induced-testicular-injury
#6
Y-J Wang, J Yan, F Yin, L Li, Y-G Qin, C-Y Meng, R-F Lu, L Guo
The testis is sensitive to cadmium, but studies investigating cadmium-induced testicular injury have not yet clearly revealed the underlying mechanisms. This study aimed to investigate the injurious effects of cadmium on rat testes and the role that autophagy plays in this process. Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups and intraperitoneally injected with 0.2 (low), 0.4 (middle), and 0.8 mg/kg·body weight (high) cadmium chloride for 5 weeks, while the control rats were injected with equal volume of saline...
November 21, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868268/p38-mapk-pathway-is-essential-for-self-renewal-of-mouse-male-germline-stem-cells-mgscs
#7
Zhiwei Niu, Hailong Mu, Haijing Zhu, Jiang Wu, Jinlian Hua
OBJECTIVES: Male germline stem cells (mGSCs), also called spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), constantly generate spermatozoa in male animals. A number of preliminary studies on mechanisms of mGSC self-renewal have previously been conducted, revealing that several factors are involved in this regulated process. The p38 MAPK pathway is widely conserved in multiple cell types in vivo, and plays an important role in cell proliferation, differentiation, inflammation and apoptosis. However, its role in self-renewal of mGSCs has not hitherto been determined...
November 21, 2016: Cell Proliferation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862257/regulation-of-hedgehog-signaling-in-chicken-embryonic-stem-cells-differentiation-into-male-germ-cells-gallus
#8
Hao Chen, Qisheng Zuo, Yinjie Wang, Mahmoud F Ahmed, Kai Jin, Jiuzhou Song, Yani Zhang, Bichun Li
The study aims to analyze the key signaling pathways in regulating the process of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) differentiation into spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Based on RNA Sequencing result, we further explored the specific regulating mechanisms of Hedgehog (HH) signaling in this process. HH signaling was found to be a crucial signaling pathway participating in the differentiation process of ESCs to SSCs. In Retinoic acid (RA) induced in vitro differentiation assay, the expression of two germ cell marker genes, integrin α6, and integrin β1, was observed to significantly increase, while it decreased dramatically when IHH was knocked down...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861152/rad9a-is-required-for-spermatogonia-differentiation-in-mice
#9
Lin Huang, Zhen-Bo Wang, Shu-Tao Qi, Xue-Shan Ma, Qiu-Xia Liang, Guo Lei, Tie-Gang Meng, Li-Feng Liang, Ye-Xin Xian, Yi Hou, Xiao-Fang Sun, Yong Zhao, Wei-Hua Wang, Qing-Yuan Sun
Spermatogenesis in testes requires precise spermatogonia differentiation. Spermatocytes lacking the Rad9a gene are arrested in pachytene prophase, implying a possible role for RAD9A in spermatogonia differentiation. However, numerous RAD9A-positive pachytene spermatocytes are still observed in mouse testes following Rad9a excision using the Stra8-Cre system, and it is unclear whether Rad9a deletion in spermatogonia interrupts differentiation. Here, we generated a mouse model in which Rad9a was specifically deleted in spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) using Cre recombinase expression driven by the germ cell-specific Vasa promoter...
November 16, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827452/gdnf-expressing-sto-feeder-layer-supports-the-long-term-propagation-of-undifferentiated-mouse-spermatogonia-with-stem-cell-properties
#10
Xiang Wei, Yuanyuan Jia, Yuanyuan Xue, Lei Geng, Min Wang, Lufan Li, Mei Wang, Xuemei Zhang, Xin Wu
The development of a stem cell culture system would expedite our understanding of the biology of tissue regeneration. Spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) is the foundation for lifelong male spermatogenesis and the SSC culture has been optimized continuously in recent years. However, there have been many inconveniences to reconstruct SSC self-renewal and proliferation in vitro, such as the frequent refreshment of recombinant cytokines, including GDNF, the essential growth factor for SSC maintenance. In the present study, we observed that both STO and MEF cells, which were previously used as feeders for SSC growth, did not express GDNF, but a GDNF-expressing STO feeder could support undifferentiated mouse spermatogonia propagation in vitro for three months without the refreshment of recombinant growth factor GDNF...
November 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822884/lncrna-ak015322-promotes-proliferation-of-spermatogonial-stem-cell-c18-4-by-acting-as-a-decoy-for-microrna-19b-3p
#11
Ke Hu, Jing Zhang, Meng Liang
Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been reported to play important roles in male reproduction. In our previous research, we studied the expression profile of lncRNAs in mouse male germ cells including spermatogonial stem cell, type A spermatogonia, pachytene spermatocyte, and round spermatid by microarray method, which showed that testis-enriched lncRNA AK015322 is highly expressed in spermatogonial stem cell. In this study, we found that AK015322 promotes proliferation of mouse spermatogonial stem cell line C18-4 in vitro...
November 7, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821019/molecular-signatures-of-primary-human-spermatogonial-progenitors-and-its-neighboring-peritubular-stromal-compartment
#12
Abhishek Harichandan, Kavitha Sivasubramaniyan, Joerg Hennenlotter, Sven Poths, Jens Bedke, Stephan Kruck, Arnulf Stenzl, Hans-Jörg Bühring
In depth understanding of human spermatogenesis requires studying specific molecular signatures and interactions of spermatogonia with other testicular cell populations, for which isolation of pure populations of different cell types is crucial. Here we describe a technique to simultaneously enrich pure, multiple testicular cell populations including spermatogonia, endothelial (TECs) and perivascular mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (TMSCs) from testicular tissue by flow cytometry using a combination of defined markers...
November 7, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818689/epigenetic-remodeling-in-male-germline-development
#13
REVIEW
Na Li, Qiaoyan Shen, Jinlian Hua
In mammals, germ cells guarantee the inheritance of genetic and epigenetic information across generations and are the origin of a new organism. During embryo development, the blastocyst is formed in the early stage, is comprised of an inner cell mass which is pluripotent, and could give rise to the embryonic stem cells (ESCs). The inner cell mass undergoes demethylation processes and will reestablish a methylated state that is similar to that of somatic cells later in epiblast stage. Primordial germ cells (PGCs) will be formed very soon and accompanied by the process of genome-wide demethylation...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810880/spermatogonial-stem-cells-at-the-helm-of-gametogenesis
#14
Katie Gerhardt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806317/resveratrol-changes-spermatogonial-stem-cells-sscs-activity-and-ameliorates-their-loss-in-busulfan-induced-infertile-mouse
#15
Chongyang Wu, Ying Zhang, Qiaoyan Shen, Zhe Zhou, Weishuai Liu, Jinlian Hua
The decline of quantity and quality of sperm are correlated with the increasing age and some anti-cancer compounds such as busulfan. Previous studies have shown that Resveratrol (Res) inhibits tumorigenesis and metastasis of many cancers including mammary tumor, prostate and pancreatic cancers. It acts as anti-age in mouse and human, however, little is known about its protective effect on aged spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Here, we investigated the effects of Res in vitro on SSCs usingC18-4 cells and in vivo in busulfan-induced azoospermia mice model...
October 29, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798668/the-lin28-expression-in-stallion-testes
#16
Geumhui Lee, Heejun Jung, Minjung Yoon
The molecular markers for specific germ cell stages can be utilized for identifying, monitoring, and separating a particular stage of germ cells. The RNA-binding protein Lin28 is expressed in gonocytes of human fetal testes. The Lin28 expression is restricted to a very small population of spermatogonial cells in human, mice, and monkey. The main objective of this study was to investigate the expression pattern of Lin28 in stallion testes at different reproductive stages. Based on the presence or absence of full spermatogenesis and lumina in seminiferous tubules, the testicular samples were categorized into two reproductive stages pre-pubertal and post-pubertal...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795714/bmp4-cooperates-with-retinoic-acid-to-induce-the-expression-of-differentiation-markers-in-cultured-mouse-spermatogonia
#17
Yongguang Yang, Yanmin Feng, Xue Feng, Shangying Liao, Xiuxia Wang, Haiyun Gan, Lixian Wang, Xiwen Lin, Chunsheng Han
Spermatogenesis is sustained by the proliferation and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). However, the molecules controlling these processes remain largely unknown. Here, we developed a simplified high concentration serum-containing system for the culture of mouse SSCs. Analysis of SSCs markers and transplantation results revealed that the cultured spermatogonia retained stem cell characteristics after long-term in vitro propagation. Using this culture system, the expression and function of bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) were explored...
2016: Stem Cells International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780883/human-umbilical-perivascular-cells-a-novel-source-of-mscs-to-support-testicular-niche-regeneration
#18
Leila Maghen, Ekaterina Shlush, Itai Gat, Melissa Filice, Tanya Barretto, Keith Jarvi, Kirk Lo, Andree S Gauthier-Fisher, Clifford L Librach
The expansion of functional testicular biopsy-derived human spermatogonial stem cells (hSSC) ex-vivo may enable the restoration of fertility in pre-pubertal males having undergone gonadotoxic therapies or men with severe male factor infertility. Various somatic cells are known to regulate SSC homeostasis and spermatogenesis in the developing and adult testis. Prior attempts to recapitulate this niche demonstrated the requirement of feeder cells, such as endogenous testicular somatic cells, for germ cell expansion ex-vivo...
October 25, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774720/immunolocalization-of-proteins-in-the-spermatogenesis-process-of-canine
#19
Ncg Pieri, A F Souza, Acf Mançanares, Kcs Roballo, J B Casals, C E Ambrosio, D S Martins
Spermatogenesis is a process in which differentiated cells are produced and the adult stem cell population-known as spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs)-is continuously replenished. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes are not fully understood in the canine species. We addressed this in this study by analysing the expression of specific markers in spermatogonia of seminiferous tubules of canine testes. SSCs at different stages of reproductive development (prepubertal and adult) were examined by immunohistochemistry and flow cytometry...
October 23, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771993/identification-prokaryote-expression-of-medaka-gdnfa-b-and-their-biological-activity-in-a-spermatogonial-cell-line
#20
Jing Wei, Linyan Liu, Zhenhua Fan, Yunhan Hong, Yang Zhao, Linyan Zhou, Deshou Wang
The origin and evolution of molecular mechanisms underlying the self-renewal and differentiation of spermatogonial stem cells (SSC) are fundamental questions in stem cell biology as well as reproduction medicine. In mammals, glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is crucial for SSC self-renewal and maintenance. However, in non-mammals, the role of Gdnf in SSC still remains unknown. Here we report that the two GDNF homologs from medaka fish (Oryzias latipes), namely OlGdnfa and OlGdnfb, can promote the proliferation activity and retain the spermatogonial property of SG3, a spermatogonial cell line derived from adult medaka showing the intrinsic property of SSC by self-renewal and differentiation potential during 2 years of culture...
October 22, 2016: Stem Cells and Development
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