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spermatogonial stem cell

F de Michele, J Poels, M G Giudice, F De Smedt, J Ambroise, M Vermeulen, D Gruson, C Wyns
STUDY QUESTION: How does the formation of the blood-testis barrier (BTB), as reflected by the expression of connexin 43 and claudin 11 proteins during the pubertal transition period, take place in vitro compared to samples from a large cohort of pre/peripubertal boys? SUMMARY ANSWER: The BTB connexin 43 and claudin 11 expression patterns appeared to be partially achieved in organotypic culture when compared to that in samples from 71 pre/peripubertal patients. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although alterations in the protein expression patterns of the BTB, whose main components are connexin 43 and claudin 11, are known to be associated with impaired spermatogenesis in mice and adult men, there is a lack of knowledge on its formation in pre-peripubertal human tissue both in vitro and in vivo...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Shun Bai, Le Cheng, Yingwen Zhang, Chunsen Zhu, Zhiping Zhu, Ruping Zhu, C Yan Cheng, Lan Ye, Ke Zheng
STUDY QUESTION: What is the physiological role of Rictor in spermatogenic cells? SUMMARY ANSWER: Germline expression of Rictor regulates spermatogonial differentiation and has an essential role in coordinating germ cells and Sertoli cells in maintaining intact cell-cell adhesion dynamics and cytoskeleton-based architecture in the seminiferous epithelium. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) resides in its functions as the catalytic subunits of the structurally and functionally distinct mTORC1 and mTORC2 complexes...
February 6, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Hamid Rashtbari, Mazdak Razi, Hassan Hassani-Bafrani, Hamed Najaran
BACKGROUND: Varicocele is present in 10-20% of the male infertile population. PURPOSE: Present study was done to demonstrate the reinforcing effect of berberine (BBR), as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, on Sertoli cells-related niche and spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) self-renewal in experimentally-induced VCL condition. STUDY DESIGN: 50 mature male Wistar rats were divided into control, control-sham, non-treated VCL-induced, 50 mg kg-1 and 100 mg kg-1 BBR-treated VCL-induced groups...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Masoome Jabarpour, Parviz Tajik
Background: Spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) are undifferentiated cells which are highly reproducible and expandable. Several studies have been conducted to reproduce these cells in culture. They used growth factors, hormones and different feeder cells to improve survival and proliferation of SSCs. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of follicular stimulating hormone (FSH) on gene expression of fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) and glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) in Sertoli cells...
December 2017: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
Paula Valenzuela-Leon, Ina Dobrinski
Phthalate esters are plasticizers that impart flexibility to polvinylchloride plastics. As they are not covalently bound, they can leach from a wide range of products, including food containers, medical devices, clothing, and toys, leading to widespread environmental exposure. Phthalate toxicity has been linked to male infertility by disrupting testosterone production and testis development. Phthalates also impair proliferation and viability of spermatogonial stem cells (SSC), the role of which is to support lifelong spermatogenesis...
July 2017: Environmental Epigenetics
Suyatno, Yuka Kitamura, Shuntaro Ikeda, Naojiro Minami, Masayasu Yamada, Hiroshi Imai
Undifferentiated spermatogonia eventually differentiate in the testis to produce haploid sperm. Within this cell population, there is a small number of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). SSCs are rare cells in the testis, and their cellular characteristics are poorly understood. Establishment of undifferentiated cell line would provide an indispensable tool for studying their biological nature and spermiogenesis/spermatogenesis in vitro. However, there have been few reports on the long-term culture of undifferentiated spermatogonia in species other than rodents...
January 17, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Jinglong Zhang, Hongxia Cao, Jing Xie, Chen Fan, Youlong Xie, Xin He, Mingzhi Liao, Shiqiang Zhang, Huayan Wang
Unipotent spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) can be efficiently reprogrammed into pluripotent stem cells only by manipulating the culture condition, without introducing exogenous reprogramming factors. This phenotype raises the hypothesis that the endogenous transcription factors (TFs) in SSCs may facilitate reprogramming to acquire pluripotency. In this study, we screened a pool of SSCs TFs (Bcl6b, Lhx1, Foxo1, Plzf, Id4, Taf4b, and Etv5), and found that oncogene Etv5 could dramatically increase the efficiency of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) generation when combined with Yamanaka factors...
February 14, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
Manju Sharma, Robert E Braun
In the murine testis self-renewal of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) requires Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) secreted from neighboring somatic cells. However, it not clear how GDNF promotes self-renewal in vivo or what downstream signaling pathways are required for SSC maintenance. We found that GDNF is normally expressed cyclically during spermatogenesis. Stage-specific ectopic expression of GDNF caused the accumulation of a GFRA1+ LIN28- A single population, which has enhanced SSC activity compared to wild-type, suggesting that GDNF normally limits self-renewal to specific stages...
February 13, 2018: Development
Atsuko Kurita-Suzuki, Yuki Kamo, Chiyoko Uchida, Kentaro Tanemura, Kenshiro Hara, Takafumi Uchida
A prolyl isomerase Pin1 deficient (Pin1-/-) male mice had severe testicular atrophy. We investigated the function of Pin1 in spermatogenesis by analyzing the Pin1-/- mice at reproductive age. Pin1-/- mice had lessαPLZF positive spermatogonia (undifferentiated spermatogonia) than wild type (WT). Nevertheless, the Pin1-/- testis contained approximately the same number of GFRα1 positive spermatogonia (SSCs in steady state) as the WT testis. Furthermore, degeneration of the spermatogenia appeared in seminiferous tubules of 10 months old Pin1-/- mouse testis, and abnormal shape GFRα1 positive spermatogonia were observed...
February 9, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Masoome Jabarpour, Parviz Tajik
Background: The complex process of spermatogenesis is regulated by various factors. Several studies have been conducted to proliferate cells involved in the spermatogenesis process, in culture by used growth factors, different hormones and feeder cells. This study was conducted to evaluate the role of Sertoli cells on gene expression of fibroblast growth factor (FGF2) and glial cell derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) after removal of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) from the culture medium...
2018: Stem Cell Investigation
Moshe Loebenstein, John Hutson, Ruili Li
BACKGROUND: In congenital undescended testis (UDT) in humans, thermal insult damages early germ cell development during mini-puberty (3-6months) causing increased risk of both cancer and infertility. In rodents however, UDT causes infertility but not cancer. In the TS rat with congenital UDT we hypothesized that early germ cell development would be normal as UDT only becomes manifest at 3-4weeks (and the germ cells only become sensitive to thermal injury) after minipuberty is complete at 1week...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Laura Heckmann, Tim Pock, Ina Tröndle, Nina Neuhaus
In zebrafish, action of the chemokine Cxcl12 is mediated through its G-protein coupled seven-transmembrane domain receptor Cxcr4 and the atypical receptor Cxcr7. Employing this animal model it was revealed that this Cxcl12 signalling system plays a crucial role for directed migration of primordial germ cells (PGC) during early testicular development. Importantly, subsequent studies indicated that this regulatory mechanism is evolutionarily conserved also in mice. What is more, the functional role of the CXCL12 system does not seem to be limited to early phases of testicular development...
February 2, 2018: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Xuedong Wei, Kai Li, Guangbo Zhang, Yuhua Huang, Jinxing Lv, Miao Li, Lun Zhao, Caibin Fan, Jinxian Pu, Jianquan Hou, Hexing Yuan
Objective: We found seminal B7-H3 was associated with human sperm concentration. However, the mechanism is unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression of B7-H3 in mouse testis and determine the effects of B7-H3 on the proliferation of mouse spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) and the underlying mechanisms. Methods: B7-H3 expression in the testis of mice at different ages (3 weeks, 8 weeks, 4 months and 9 months) was detected by western blot and immunohistochemistry...
January 5, 2018: Oncotarget
Hyun-Jung Park, Won-Young Lee, Chankyu Park, Kwon-Ho Hong, Jin-Hoi Kim, Hyuk Song
Whereas stage-specific markers for spermatogonial cells have been well investigated in mouse, the specific markers of germ cells in the testis of domestic animals have not been well defined. Phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK), an enzyme that converts 1,3-bisphosphoglycerate and adenosine diphosphate to 3-phosphoglycerate and adenosine triphosphate, has two isozymes: PGK1 and PGK2. In mouse, PGK1 exists only during the early stages of spermatogenesis, and PGK2 is then expressed during the pachytene spermatocyte stage...
February 1, 2018: Theriogenology
Tessa Lord, Melissa J Oatley, Jon M Oatley
Spermatogenesis requires retinoic acid (RA) induction of the undifferentiated to differentiating transition in transit amplifying (TA) progenitor spermatogonia, whereas continuity of the spermatogenic lineage relies on the RA response being suppressed in spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs). Here, we discovered that, in mouse testes, both spermatogonial populations possess intrinsic RA-response machinery and exhibit hallmarks of the differentiating transition following direct exposure to RA, including loss of SSC regenerative capacity...
February 13, 2018: Stem Cell Reports
Hualin Yi, Sa Xiao, Yan Zhang
Spermatogenesis in vitro has been demonstrated using spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in monolayer culture or testis tissue fragments in agarose-constructed three-dimensional (3-D) conditions. However, the low efficiency of gamete maturation and the lack of a novel induction platform have limited the progress of its use in further research and clinical applications. Here, we provide modified stage-specific induction approaches for spermatogenesis in in vitro culture with cells possessing a totipotent status...
February 2, 2018: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Lin Tang, Alla Bondareva, Raquel González, Jose Rafael Rodriguez-Sosa, Daniel F Carlson, Dennis Webster, Scott Fahrenkrug, Ina Dobrinski
Spermatogonia represent a diploid germ cell population that includes spermatogonial stem cells. In this report, we describe new methods for isolation of highly enriched porcine spermatogonia based on light scatter properties, and for targeted mutagenesis in porcine spermatogonia using nucleofection and TALENs. We optimized a nucleofection protocol to deliver TALENs specifically targeting the DMD locus in porcine spermatogonia. We also validated specific sorting of porcine spermatogonia based on light scatter properties...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Qixin Guo, Lu Xu, Yulin Bi, Lingling Qiu, Yin Chen, Lingling Kong, Rui Pan, Guobin Chang
Spermatogenesis is a complex process. Some studies have shown that Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) play an important role in spermatogenesis. To verify the evaluate between piRNAs and PIWI proteins in chicken and its possible role in spermatogenesis and reproductive stem cell proliferation and differentiation, we performed immunoprecipitation and deep sequencing analyses and determined the expression profiles of small RNAs in primordial germ cells (PGCs), spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs), spermatogonia (Sa) cells and spermatozoa...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
Ellie Smart, Federica Lopes, Siobhan Rice, Boglarka Nagy, Richard A Anderson, Rod T Mitchell, Norah Spears
Long term survival rates for childhood cancers is steadily increasing, however cancer survivors can experience fertility problems as a consequence of chemotherapy treatment. This is particularly problematic for young boys, for whom no fertility preservation treatment is yet established. Here, we have determined the effects on prepubertal mouse testis of three commonly used chemotherapy drugs; cyclophosphamide (using its active metabolite phosphoramide mustard), cisplatin and doxorubicin, exposing testicular fragments to a clinically relevant range of concentrations in vitro...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Awang Hazmi Awang-Junaidi, Ali Honaramooz
Background: Gonocytes give rise to spermatogonial stem cells, and thereby play an essential role in establishing spermatogenesis. Optimized culture conditions for gonocytes provide an opportunity for their study and in vitro manipulation for potential application in reproductive technologies. Using six experiments in a step-wise design, we examined the effects of several culture conditions on the maintenance, proliferation, and colony formation of porcine gonocytes. Testis cells from neonatal piglets were cultured for 7 d in DMEM supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum...
2018: Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology
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