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Psychodynamic psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064469/change-in-self-esteem-predicts-depressive-symptoms-at-follow-up-after-intensive-multimodal-psychotherapy-for-major-depression
#1
Ulrike Dinger, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christoph Nikendei, Henning Schauenburg
: Reduced self-esteem is a core symptom of depression, but few studies have investigated within-treatment change of self-esteem as a predictor of long-term outcome in depression. This study investigated change in self-esteem during 8 weeks of multimodal, psychodynamically oriented psychotherapy for 40 depressed patients and tested whether it would predict outcome 6 months after termination. Data was drawn from a randomized clinical pilot trial on day-clinic versus inpatient psychotherapy for depression...
January 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055257/updating-the-evidence-and-recommendations-for-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-adults
#2
Joel M Town, Allan Abbass, Ellen Driessen, Patrick Luyten, Priyanthy Weerasekera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045286/perceived-criticism-predicts-outcome-of-psychotherapy-for-panic-disorder-replication-and-extension
#3
Dianne L Chambless, Kelly M Allred, Fang Fang Chen, Kevin S McCarthy, Barbara Milrod, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: We tested the relation of perceived criticism (PC) from a parent or spouse/romantic partner to outcome of psychotherapy for panic disorder (PD). METHOD: Participants were 130 patients with PD (79% with agoraphobia) who received 24 twice-weekly sessions of panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, or applied relaxation therapy. Patients were predominantly White (75%), female (64%), and non-Hispanic (85%). At baseline, Week 5 of treatment, termination, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up, patients rated PC from the relative with whom they lived...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035751/the-prediction-of-the-level-of-personality-organization-on-reduction-of-psychiatric-symptoms-and-improvement-of-work-ability-in-short-versus-long-term-psychotherapies-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#4
Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Matti Keinänen, Erkki Heinonen, Esa Virtala, Tommi Härkänen
OBJECTIVES: How level of personality organization (LPO) predicts psychiatric symptoms and work ability in short- versus long-term psychotherapies is poorly known. We investigated the importance of the LPO on the benefits of short-term versus long-term psychotherapies. DESIGN: A cohort study based on 326 outpatients with mood or anxiety disorder was allocated to long-term (LPP) and short-term (SPP) psychodynamic psychotherapy, and solution-focused therapy (SFT). METHODS: The LPO was assessed by interview at baseline and categorized into neuroses and higher level borderline...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943559/assessing-anaclitic-and-introjective-characteristics-using-the-swap-200-q-sort-concurrent-validity-with-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-circumplex-scales
#5
Racheli Miller, Mark Hilsenroth
: This investigation's goal was to assess the concurrent validity of the four scales of the Anaclitic and Introjective Depression Assessment (AIDA), a newly developed clinician-rated measure, and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (IIP-64). The AIDA is composed of Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure items and is comprised of two primitive and two more mature scales of introjective and anaclitic personality types. Specific predictions of relationships were made and are discussed further in this paper...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936899/mentalizing-techniques-used-by-psychodynamic-therapists-working-with-children-and-early-adolescents
#6
Pablo Muñoz Specht, Karin Ensink, Lina Normandin, Nick Midgley
The aim of this study was to identify, categorize, and develop a conceptual frame of mentalization-based interventions used by experienced child and adolescent psychodynamic therapists. Two experienced therapists selected 14 sessions that represented their work during the first year of treatment. Sessions were transcribed and segmented to identify interactional units for coding. QDA Miner software was used to facilitate data analysis. A systematic qualitative, inductive/deductive approach was followed starting from categories identified in the literature, but also including newly emerging categories and interventions...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923257/-principles-of-psychodynamic-group-psychotherapy
#7
Bernhard Strauß
This paper describes different historical developments of the application of psychodynamic treatments within groups and shows some factors reflecting significant influences on the outcome of group psychotherapy such as the structure of the group or group dynamics. It can be assumed that psychodynamic group therapies are characterized by a specific formal change theory as well as related therapeutic factors. Based upon a manual developed within a Norwegian study, general principles of psychodynamic group psychotherapy, differences between short- and long-term groups and specific interventions are introduced...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901214/predictors-of-response-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-depression
#8
Andre G Bastos, Luciano S Guimarães, Clarissa M Trentini
Objective: To identify neurocognitive and sociodemographic variables that could be associated with clinical response to three modalities of treatment for depression, as well as variables that predicted superior response to one treatment over the others. Method: The present study derives from a research project in which depressed patients (n=272) received one of three treatments - long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (n=90), fluoxetine therapy (n=91), or a combination thereof (n=91) - over a 24-month period...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898280/what-defense-mechanisms-do-therapists-interpret-in-session
#9
Maneet Bhatia, Jonathan Petraglia, Yves de Roten, Elisabeth Banon, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Martin Drapeau
One of the key technical guidelines outlined by psychodynamic theorists and clinicians is for therapists to interpret a patient's most prominent defenses (Greenson, 1967; Langs, 1973). However, a debate exists about what constitutes a patient's most prominent defense and which defenses therapists actually choose to interpret in-session. This study aimed to shed light on this debate by examining 35 psychotherapy sessions (18 high alliance and 17 low alliance dyads) of individuals in therapy at a university counselling center...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898277/editorial-therapeutic-factors-in-treatment-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#10
Richard C Friedman, Jennifer I Downey
In this issue of Psychodynamic Psychiatry, Michael Stone discusses therapeutic factors in the treatment of patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). He emphasizes the great diversity of borderline patients and points out that a number of manual-based therapies, each described by an acronym, generally achieve positive therapeutic results in the short term. Many borderline patients require years of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and additional treatments, however. Stone observes that patients with this disorder invariably have other personality characteristics and disorders...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894036/efficacy-of-an-adjunctive-brief-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-to-usual-inpatient-treatment-of-depression-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Yves de Roten, Gilles Ambresin, Fabrice Herrera, Sylfa Fassassi, Nicolas Fournier, Martin Preisig, Jean-Nicolas Despland
BACKGROUND: For severe and chronic depression, inpatient treatment may be necessary. Current guidelines recommend combined psychological and pharmacological treatments for moderate to severe depression. Results for positive effects of combined treatment for depressed inpatients are still ambiguous. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial examined the efficacy of adding an intensive and brief psychodynamic psychotherapy (IBPP) to treatment-as-usual (TAU) for inpatients with DSM-IV major depressive episode...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893529/the-role-of-theory-specific-techniques-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-promoting-positive-outcomes-integrative-psychotherapy-for-world-trade-center-responders
#12
Peter Tejas Haugen, Aditi Sinha Werth, Alyce Lauren Foster, Jesse Owen
World Trade Center responders demonstrate high symptom burden, underscoring the importance of refining treatment approaches for this cohort. One method is examining the impact of therapy techniques on outcomes, and the interactions between technique and alliance on outcomes. This study a) examined the interaction of early treatment techniques on integrative psychotherapy outcomes and b) explored whether associations differed at varying levels of alliance. Twenty-nine adult responders diagnosed with partial or full posttraumatic stress disorder received outpatient psychotherapy and completed weekly measures of alliance, technique, and symptom distress...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893345/quo-vadis-the-future-of-psychoanalysis
#13
Mauricio Cortina
Although contemporary psychoanalysis is split into different schools and traditions, there is growing support for some of the main tenets of contemporary psychodynamic thinking from attachment theory, infant research, developmental psychopathology, new models of motivation, the neuroscience of emotions and emotional regulation, and the discovery of different implicit and explicit memory systems. These tenets, which psychodynamic clinicians of all stripes encounter in their daily work with clients, are the following: (1) that large footprints are left over from infancy and childhood which involved insensitive, intrusive, frightening, or shaming care; (2) the carryover of these relational experiences into adulthood are expressed as unconscious expectations and attributions we make of others (transference and countertransference; (3) defensive processes and emotional regulation and deregulatory patterns develop to cope with these unhealthy relations...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884003/alexithymia-as-a-moderator-of-treatment-outcomes-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-brief-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy-for-patients-with-multisomatoform-disorder
#14
Thomas Probst, Heribert Sattel, Peter Henningsen, Harald Gündel, Claas Lahmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870997/comparative-efficacy-of-psychological-therapies-for-improving-mental-health-and-daily-functioning-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Emily E Tanner-Smith, Alexandra C Russell, Steven D Hollon, Lynn S Walker
Previous meta-analyses have shown that psychotherapy improves gastrointestinal symptoms in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS); however, the impact on functioning in daily activities is unknown. Meta-analysis was used to estimate the effect of psychotherapy on mental health and daily functioning in adults with IBS. An extensive literature search located 28 eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) providing outcome data for mental health and 18 RCTs providing data for daily functioning. Compared to a mixed group of control conditions, psychotherapy produced significantly greater improvements to mental health (d-=0...
February 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861459/effects-of-scheduled-waiting-for-psychotherapy-in-patients-with-major-depression
#16
Pasi Ahola, Mikko Joensuu, Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Pirjo Saarinen, Tommi Tolmunen, Minna Valkonen-Korhonen, Tuija Jääskeläinen, Esa Virtala, Jari Tiihonen, Johannes Lehtonen
The role of nonspecific factors in the outcome of psychotherapy is poorly understood. To study the effects of pretreatment expectancy of scheduled psychotherapy, we examined the effects of an agreed waiting time on the outcome of psychodynamic psychotherapy. Thirty-three treatment-naive outpatients with major depressive disorder were randomly selected to start psychotherapy either directly (DG; n = 17) or after waiting for 6 months (WG; n = 16). In WG, 18% to 60% of the total decline in symptoms took place during the waiting time...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819782/-dynamic-long-term-and-institutional-psychotherapy-to-treat-persistent-depressive-disorders
#17
Jorge Garibay
BACKGROUND: Major depression is a public health problem that threatens to become the second leading cause of disability in the world. In this study we show the results obtained once we applied a psychodynamic psychotherapeutic and long-term process in patients with major depressive disorder, attending a public health institution (PHI). METHODS: From a list of female volunteers, we randomly selected 30 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of major depression...
November 2016: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808005/how-do-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-process-psychotherapy-between-sessions-a-comparison-of-cognitive-behavioral-and-psychodynamic-interventions
#18
A Zeeck, A Hartmann, B Wild, M De Zwaan, S Herpertz, M Burgmer, J Von Wietersheim, G Resmark, H-C Friederich, S Tagay, A Dinkel, B Loewe, M Teufel, D Orlinsky, W Herzog, S Zipfel
OBJECTIVE: Patients' processing of psychotherapy between sessions ("inter-session process" (ISP)) has been repeatedly shown to be related to outcome. The aim of this study was to compare ISP characteristics of cognitive-behavioral vs. psychodynamic psychotherapy in the treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN) and their relation to outcome. METHODS: Data of 106 patients participating in a randomized-controlled trial who received either 40 sessions of enhanced cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT-E) or focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT) were analyzed...
November 3, 2016: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804007/general-overview-of-psychotherapeutic-practice-in-poland-results-from-a-nationwide-survey
#19
Hubert Suszek, Lidia Grzesiuk, Rafał Styła, Krzysztof Krawczyk
A total of 1196 persons conducting psychotherapy in Poland fully completed a nationwide online survey (or, alternatively, a paper and pencil enquiry) concerning their education, training, experience, and clinical work (professional environment, patients treated). The results are described in detail and compared with findings of similar studies from other countries. Among the primary findings were: (1) psychotherapy in Poland is conducted mostly by women (80 %); (2) almost all participants have an MA degree (91 %), including 75...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801544/short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-with-mentalization-based-techniques-in-major-depressive-disorder-patients-relationship-among-alexithymia-reflective-functioning-and-outcome-variables-a-pilot-study
#20
Cinzia Bressi, Silvia Fronza, Eleonora Minacapelli, Emanuela Paola Nocito, Elisabetta Dipasquale, Lorenzo Magri, Francesca Lionetti, Lavinia Barone
OBJECTIVES: In depressed patients, recent advances have highlighted impairment in mentalizing: identifying and interpreting one's own or other's mental states. Short-Term Psychodynamic Psychotherapy (STPP) has proven to be effective in reducing symptoms and improving relational/functional abilities in these subjects. Therefore, the first aim of our study was to evaluate effectiveness of STPP with Mentalization-Based Techniques (STMBP) on their clinical outcomes and the second, to investigate Reflective Functioning and alexithymia concerning treatment outcomes in depressed subjects...
November 1, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
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