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Psychodynamic psychotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152200/population-based-cost-offset-analyses-for-disorder-specific-treatment-of-anorexia-nervosa-and-bulimia-nervosa-in-germany
#1
Katharina Bode, Nina Maria Götz von Olenhusen, Eva-Maria Wunsch, Sören Kliem, Christoph Kröger
Previous research has shown that anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN) are expensive illnesses to treat. To reduce their economic burden, adequate interventions need to be established. Our objective was to conduct cost-offset analyses for evidence-based treatment of eating disorders using outcome data from a psychotherapy trial involving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and focal psychodynamic therapy (FPT) for AN and a trial involving CBT for BN. Assuming a currently running, ideal healthcare system using a 12-month, prevalence-based approach and varying the willingness to participate in treatment, we investigated whether the potential financial benefits of AN- and BN-related treatment outweigh the therapy costs at the population level...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147408/-psychodynamic-traumatherapy-of-refugees-with-ptsd-and-somatisation
#2
Ljiljana Joksimovic, Johannes Kruse
The medical care of refugees and asylum seekers requires culturally sensitive and diverse structuring of the healthcare. In the psychotherapeutic and psychosomatic treatment of these patients the culture-specific and social aspects and also the high ratio of patients with post traumatic stress disorders and somatoform disorders have to be considered. The principles of stabilizing psychodynamic traumatherapie of refugees will be introduced, which efficacy was determined by controlled study. The specific adaptations of the trauma-orientated psychotherapy to the specific situation of refugees and asylum seekers will be described...
February 1, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135807/special-population-child-and-adolescent-psychotherapy
#3
George Halasz
OBJECTIVES: First, to outline the paradigm change of the past 20 years that has transformed the theory and practice of child and adolescent psychodynamic psychotherapy; second, to update aspects of the current Practice Parameters for Psychodynamic Psychotherapy with Children to align with the paradigm change driven by the principles of regulation theory, relational trauma and repair, and the critical need for clinicians' self-care in trauma informed psychotherapy. CONCLUSION: The emerging neuroscience-driven paradigm of psychotherapy poses challenges for the child and adolescent psychotherapist: to embrace the new conceptual reference points as organising principles leads to an urgent need to rethink traditional diagnostic formulations and time-honoured techniques for intervention...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128017/change-in-attachment-dimensions-in-women-with-binge-eating-disorder-following-group-psychodynamic-interpersonal-psychotherapy
#4
Hilary Maxwell, Giorgio A Tasca, Renee Grenon, Megan Faye, Kerri Ritchie, Hany Bissada, Louise Balfour
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of attachment dimensions, including coherence of mind and reflective functioning, in developing and maintaining binge-eating disorder (BED) and in determining group psychotherapy outcomes for women with BED. We hypothesize that higher pre-treatment attachment dimension scores will predict better treatment outcomes for women with BED and will increase at follow-up. METHOD: Women with BED attended 16 sessions of group therapy and completed the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) at pre-treatment...
January 27, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124459/a-proposed-model-of-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-linked-to-erik-erikson-s-eight-stages-of-psychosocial-development
#5
Zelda Gillian Knight
: Just as Freud used stages of psychosexual development to ground his model of psychoanalysis, it is possible to do the same with Erik Erikson's stages of development with regards to a model of psychodynamic psychotherapy. This paper proposes an eight-stage model of psychodynamic psychotherapy linked to Erik Erikson's eight stages of psychosocial development. Various suggestions are offered. One such suggestion is that as each of Erikson's developmental stages is triggered by a crisis, in therapy it is triggered by the client's search...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122424/psychodynamic-psychotherapy-for-functional-psychogenic-movement-disorders
#6
Vibhash D Sharma, Randi Jones, Stewart A Factor
OBJECTIVE: As the literature for the treatment of functional (psychogenic) movement disorders (FMD) is sparse, we assessed clinical outcomes in patients with FMD who underwent treatment with psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDP). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the data of patients with FMD who were referred for PDP from 2008-2014 at Emory University Medical Center was performed. RESULTS: Thirty patients were included, mean age at presentation was 50 years (SD 13...
January 2017: Journal of Movement Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102111/applying-relationship-anecdotes-paradigm-interviews-to-study-client-therapist-relationship-narratives-core-conflictual-relationship-theme-analyses
#7
Hadas Wiseman, Orya Tishby
OBJECTIVE: We describe client-therapist relational narratives collected in relationship anecdotes paradigm (RAP) interviews during psychotherapy and the application of the core conflictual relationship theme (CCRT) method. Changes in clients' and therapists' CCRT in relation to each other are examined and associations between their CCRTs and self-reported ruptures and repairs are explored. METHOD: Sixty-seven clients and 27 therapists underwent RAP interviews and completed self-report rupture and repair items at early, middle, and late psychodynamic psychotherapy...
January 19, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064469/change-in-self-esteem-predicts-depressive-symptoms-at-follow-up-after-intensive-multimodal-psychotherapy-for-major-depression
#8
Ulrike Dinger, Johannes C Ehrenthal, Christoph Nikendei, Henning Schauenburg
: Reduced self-esteem is a core symptom of depression, but few studies have investigated within-treatment change of self-esteem as a predictor of long-term outcome in depression. This study investigated change in self-esteem during 8 weeks of multimodal, psychodynamically oriented psychotherapy for 40 depressed patients and tested whether it would predict outcome 6 months after termination. Data was drawn from a randomized clinical pilot trial on day-clinic versus inpatient psychotherapy for depression...
January 8, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055257/updating-the-evidence-and-recommendations-for-short-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-adults
#9
Joel M Town, Allan Abbass, Ellen Driessen, Patrick Luyten, Priyanthy Weerasekera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045286/perceived-criticism-predicts-outcome-of-psychotherapy-for-panic-disorder-replication-and-extension
#10
Dianne L Chambless, Kelly M Allred, Fang Fang Chen, Kevin S McCarthy, Barbara Milrod, Jacques P Barber
OBJECTIVE: We tested the relation of perceived criticism (PC) from a parent or spouse/romantic partner to outcome of psychotherapy for panic disorder (PD). METHOD: Participants were 130 patients with PD (79% with agoraphobia) who received 24 twice-weekly sessions of panic-focused psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, or applied relaxation therapy. Patients were predominantly White (75%), female (64%), and non-Hispanic (85%). At baseline, Week 5 of treatment, termination, and at 6- and 12-month follow-up, patients rated PC from the relative with whom they lived...
January 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035751/the-prediction-of-the-level-of-personality-organization-on-reduction-of-psychiatric-symptoms-and-improvement-of-work-ability-in-short-versus-long-term-psychotherapies-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#11
Paul Knekt, Olavi Lindfors, Matti Keinänen, Erkki Heinonen, Esa Virtala, Tommi Härkänen
OBJECTIVES: How level of personality organization (LPO) predicts psychiatric symptoms and work ability in short- versus long-term psychotherapies is poorly known. We investigated the importance of the LPO on the benefits of short-term versus long-term psychotherapies. DESIGN: A cohort study based on 326 outpatients with mood or anxiety disorder was allocated to long-term (LPP) and short-term (SPP) psychodynamic psychotherapy, and solution-focused therapy (SFT). METHODS: The LPO was assessed by interview at baseline and categorized into neuroses and higher level borderline...
December 30, 2016: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943559/assessing-anaclitic-and-introjective-characteristics-using-the-swap-200-q-sort-concurrent-validity-with-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-circumplex-scales
#12
Racheli Miller, Mark Hilsenroth
: This investigation's goal was to assess the concurrent validity of the four scales of the Anaclitic and Introjective Depression Assessment (AIDA), a newly developed clinician-rated measure, and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (IIP-64). The AIDA is composed of Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure items and is comprised of two primitive and two more mature scales of introjective and anaclitic personality types. Specific predictions of relationships were made and are discussed further in this paper...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936899/mentalizing-techniques-used-by-psychodynamic-therapists-working-with-children-and-early-adolescents
#13
Pablo Muñoz Specht, Karin Ensink, Lina Normandin, Nick Midgley
The aim of this study was to identify, categorize, and develop a conceptual frame of mentalization-based interventions used by experienced child and adolescent psychodynamic therapists. Two experienced therapists selected 14 sessions that represented their work during the first year of treatment. Sessions were transcribed and segmented to identify interactional units for coding. QDA Miner software was used to facilitate data analysis. A systematic qualitative, inductive/deductive approach was followed starting from categories identified in the literature, but also including newly emerging categories and interventions...
2016: Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923257/-principles-of-psychodynamic-group-psychotherapy
#14
Bernhard Strauß
This paper describes different historical developments of the application of psychodynamic treatments within groups and shows some factors reflecting significant influences on the outcome of group psychotherapy such as the structure of the group or group dynamics. It can be assumed that psychodynamic group therapies are characterized by a specific formal change theory as well as related therapeutic factors. Based upon a manual developed within a Norwegian study, general principles of psychodynamic group psychotherapy, differences between short- and long-term groups and specific interventions are introduced...
December 2016: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901214/predictors-of-response-in-the-treatment-of-moderate-depression
#15
Andre G Bastos, Luciano S Guimarães, Clarissa M Trentini
Objective: To identify neurocognitive and sociodemographic variables that could be associated with clinical response to three modalities of treatment for depression, as well as variables that predicted superior response to one treatment over the others. Method: The present study derives from a research project in which depressed patients (n=272) received one of three treatments - long-term psychodynamic psychotherapy (n=90), fluoxetine therapy (n=91), or a combination thereof (n=91) - over a 24-month period...
November 24, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898280/what-defense-mechanisms-do-therapists-interpret-in-session
#16
Maneet Bhatia, Jonathan Petraglia, Yves de Roten, Elisabeth Banon, Jean-Nicolas Despland, Martin Drapeau
One of the key technical guidelines outlined by psychodynamic theorists and clinicians is for therapists to interpret a patient's most prominent defenses (Greenson, 1967; Langs, 1973). However, a debate exists about what constitutes a patient's most prominent defense and which defenses therapists actually choose to interpret in-session. This study aimed to shed light on this debate by examining 35 psychotherapy sessions (18 high alliance and 17 low alliance dyads) of individuals in therapy at a university counselling center...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898277/editorial-therapeutic-factors-in-treatment-of-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#17
Richard C Friedman, Jennifer I Downey
In this issue of Psychodynamic Psychiatry, Michael Stone discusses therapeutic factors in the treatment of patients with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). He emphasizes the great diversity of borderline patients and points out that a number of manual-based therapies, each described by an acronym, generally achieve positive therapeutic results in the short term. Many borderline patients require years of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy and additional treatments, however. Stone observes that patients with this disorder invariably have other personality characteristics and disorders...
2016: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894036/efficacy-of-an-adjunctive-brief-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-to-usual-inpatient-treatment-of-depression-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Yves de Roten, Gilles Ambresin, Fabrice Herrera, Sylfa Fassassi, Nicolas Fournier, Martin Preisig, Jean-Nicolas Despland
BACKGROUND: For severe and chronic depression, inpatient treatment may be necessary. Current guidelines recommend combined psychological and pharmacological treatments for moderate to severe depression. Results for positive effects of combined treatment for depressed inpatients are still ambiguous. METHODS: This randomised controlled trial examined the efficacy of adding an intensive and brief psychodynamic psychotherapy (IBPP) to treatment-as-usual (TAU) for inpatients with DSM-IV major depressive episode...
February 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893529/the-role-of-theory-specific-techniques-and-therapeutic-alliance-in-promoting-positive-outcomes-integrative-psychotherapy-for-world-trade-center-responders
#19
Peter Tejas Haugen, Aditi Sinha Werth, Alyce Lauren Foster, Jesse Owen
World Trade Center responders demonstrate high symptom burden, underscoring the importance of refining treatment approaches for this cohort. One method is examining the impact of therapy techniques on outcomes, and the interactions between technique and alliance on outcomes. This study a) examined the interaction of early treatment techniques on integrative psychotherapy outcomes and b) explored whether associations differed at varying levels of alliance. Twenty-nine adult responders diagnosed with partial or full posttraumatic stress disorder received outpatient psychotherapy and completed weekly measures of alliance, technique, and symptom distress...
December 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893345/quo-vadis-the-future-of-psychoanalysis
#20
Mauricio Cortina
Although contemporary psychoanalysis is split into different schools and traditions, there is growing support for some of the main tenets of contemporary psychodynamic thinking from attachment theory, infant research, developmental psychopathology, new models of motivation, the neuroscience of emotions and emotional regulation, and the discovery of different implicit and explicit memory systems. These tenets, which psychodynamic clinicians of all stripes encounter in their daily work with clients, are the following: (1) that large footprints are left over from infancy and childhood which involved insensitive, intrusive, frightening, or shaming care; (2) the carryover of these relational experiences into adulthood are expressed as unconscious expectations and attributions we make of others (transference and countertransference; (3) defensive processes and emotional regulation and deregulatory patterns develop to cope with these unhealthy relations...
December 2016: Psychoanalytic Review
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