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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782061/improving-self-management-for-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-through-education-focusing-on-management-of-daily-life-patients-and-relatives-experience-of-the-swedish-national-parkinson-school
#1
Carina Hellqvist, Nil Dizdar, Peter Hagell, Carina Berterö, Märta Sund Levander
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: The two folded aim of this study was firstly to identify and describe experiences valuable for managing daily life after participation in the NPS self-management intervention. The second part was to explore the applicability of the Self- and family management framework by Grey and colleagues for persons with Parkinson's Disease and their relatives. BACKGROUND: The impact of PD is evident on the lives of both patients and relatives. The National Parkinson School (NPS) is a Swedish self-management program designed for patients and relatives, aiming at teaching strategies helpful for the ability of self-management, in order to promote life satisfaction...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781980/disclosure-coaching-an-ask-tell-ask-model-to-support-clinicians-in-disclosure-conversations
#2
Jo Shapiro, Lynne Robins, Pamela Galowitz, Thomas H Gallagher, Sigall Bell
Error disclosure is a high-stakes, emotionally charged interaction for patients and families as well as clinicians. A failed disclosure can result in emotional distress, reduced patient and family trust, litigation, and lost opportunities to learn from and prevent subsequent errors. However, many clinicians have little expertise in handling these challenging interactions and can inadvertently make a bad situation worse. Even those clinicians who have had formal disclosure training may have trouble remembering what they were taught when faced with the need to actually discuss an error with patients...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779999/peer-assisted-learning-model-enhances-clinical-clerk-s-procedural-skills
#3
Chia-Chang Huang, Hui-Chi Hsu, Ling-Yu Yang, Chen-Huan Chen, Ying-Ying Yang, Ching-Chih Chang, Chiao-Lin Chuang, Wei-Shin Lee, Fa-Yauh Lee, Shinn-Jang Hwang
BACKGROUND: Failure to transfer procedural skills learned in a laboratory to the bedside is commonly due to a lack of peer support/stimulation. A digital platform (Facebook) allows new clinical clerks to share experiences and tips that help augment their procedural skills in a peer-assisted learning/teaching method. This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of the innovation of using the digital platform to support the transfer of laboratory-trained procedural skills in the clinical units...
May 17, 2018: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777782/financial-analysis-of-pediatric-resident-physician-primary-care-longitudinal-outpatient-experience
#4
Carole H Stipelman, Brad Poss, Laura Anne Stetson, Luca Boi, Michael Rogers, Caleb Puzey, Sri Koduri, Robert Kaplan, Vivian S Lee, Edward B Clark
PURPOSE: To determine whether residency training represents a net positive or negative cost to academic medical centers, we analyzed the cost of a residency program and clinical productivity of residents and faculty in outpatient primary care practice with or without residents. METHOD: Patient volume and revenue data (Current Procedural Terminology codes) from an academic primary care general pediatric clinic were evaluated for faculty clinics (faculty only) and resident teaching clinics (Longitudinal Outpatient Experience [LOE]) with 1-4 residents/faculty...
May 16, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773306/factors-associated-with-timing-and-adverse-outcomes-in-patients-with-biliary-atresia-undergoing-kasai-hepatoportoenterostomy
#5
Michael Ross Townsend, Adeeb Jaber, Hanina Abi Nader, Shaker M Eid, Kathleen Schwarz
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with timing of hepatoportoenterostomy (HPE) and adverse perioperative outcomes in patients with biliary atresia in the US. STUDY DESIGN: We examined hospitalizations in infants aged <1 year using the National Inpatient Sample database for 2000-2011. We identified cases using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for biliary atresia and HPE. Multivariable logistic regression models were used to examine association between select factors and age at HPE, as well as adverse perioperative outcomes...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771814/using-technology-to-enhance-teaching-of-patient-centered-interviewing-for-early-medical-students
#6
Stacey Kaltman, Nicholas Talisman, Susan Pennestri, Eleri Syverson, Paige Arthur, Yianna Vovides
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for teaching communication skills to health professions students are needed. This article describes the design and evaluation of immersive and interactive video simulations for medical students to practice basic communication skills. METHODS: Three simulations were developed, focusing on patient-centered interviewing techniques such as using open-ended questions, reflections, and empathic responses while assessing a patient's history of present illness...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771691/the-relationship-between-the-learning-and-patient-safety-climates-of-clinical-departments-and-residents-patient-safety-behaviors
#7
Milou E W M Silkens, Onyebuchi A Arah, Cordula Wagner, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
PURPOSE: Improving residents' patient safety behavior should be a priority in graduate medical education to ensure the safety of current and future patients. Supportive learning and patient safety climates may foster this behavior. This study examined the extent to which residents' self-reported patient safety behavior can be explained by the learning climate and patient safety climate of their clinical departments. METHOD: The authors collected learning climate data from clinical departments in the Netherlands that used the web-based Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test between September 2015 and October 2016...
May 15, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766322/microdaimon-study-microcirculatory-daily-monitoring-in-critically-ill-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Claudia Scorcella, Elisa Damiani, Roberta Domizi, Silvia Pierantozzi, Stefania Tondi, Andrea Carsetti, Silvia Ciucani, Valentina Monaldi, Mara Rogani, Benedetto Marini, Erica Adrario, Rocco Romano, Can Ince, E Christiaan Boerma, Abele Donati
BACKGROUND: Until now, the prognostic value of microcirculatory alterations in critically ill patients has been mainly evaluated in highly selected subgroups. Aim of this study is to monitor the microcirculation daily in mixed group of Intensive Care Unit (ICU)-patients and to establish the association between (the evolution of) microcirculatory alterations and outcome. METHODS: This is a prospective longitudinal observational single-centre study in adult patients admitted to a 12-bed ICU in an Italian teaching hospital...
May 15, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764631/introduction-to-surgical-and-perioperative-clinical-pharmacy-for-third-year-pharmacy-students-a-pilot-study-of-an-elective-course
#9
Eric G Johnson, Douglas R Oyler
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to implement and assess an elective course that exposes pharmacy students to clinical pharmacy in the surgical and perioperative setting. METHODS: A blended-design elective that included synchronous and asynchronous learning was developed and offered to third-year pharmacy students. Students' knowledge and perception regarding clinical topics in perioperative pharmacy was assessed using pre- and post-course assessments, online quizzes, a journal club, and course assignments...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764440/psychometric-properties-of-the-korean-version-of-the-medical-outcomes-study-hiv-health-survey-results-from-a-multicenter-survey-in-korea
#10
Eun-Jung Shim, Hyeju Ha, Sun Hee Lee, Nam Joong Kim, Eu Suk Kim, Ji Hwan Bang, Kyoung-Ho Song, Bo Kyung Sohn, Hye Youn Park, Kyung-Lak Son, Heesung Hwang, Kwang-Min Lee, Bong-Jin Hahm
BACKGROUND: Precise assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) with a reliable and valid measure is a prerequisite to the enhancement of HRQOL. This study examined the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey (K-MOS-HIV). METHODS: The reliability and validity of the K-MOS-HIV were examined in a multicenter survey involving 201 outpatients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) from four teaching hospitals throughout Korea...
May 15, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762793/a-qualitative-study-of-the-communication-process-for-medical-acupuncture-in-family-medicine
#11
Christy J W Ledford, Carla L Fisher, Paul Crawford
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: As evidence establishes the efficacy of medical acupuncture, more family physicians and family medicine residents may receive medical acupuncture training and need to know how to effectively communicate about the treatment option with patients. By identifying how physicians talk about acupuncture treatment with their patients, we aimed to develop a model for physician training that could enhance their ability to integrate and practice medical acupuncture in conventional clinical settings...
May 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761714/design-and-implementation-of-a-student-taught-course-on-research-in-regenerative-medicine
#12
Daniel Naveed Tavakol, Cara J Broshkevitch, William H Guilford, Shayn M Peirce
In the Undergraduate School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) at the University of Virginia (UVa), there are few opportunities for undergraduate students to teach, let alone develop, an introductory course for their major. As two undergraduate engineering students (D. N. Tavakol and C. J. Broshkevitch), we were among the first students to take advantage of a new initiative at UVa SEAS to offer student-led courses. As part of this new program, we designed a 1000-level, 1-credit, pass-fail course entitled Introduction to Research in Regenerative Medicine...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757817/brief-report-of-a-novel-advanced-practice-provider-led-course-for-ultrasound-novices
#13
Christan D Santos, Mariah Q Rose, Amanda D Tomlinson, Diane C McLaughlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Formal training for ultrasound use is essential for critical care providers. Despite a national increase in the utilization of advanced practice providers in critical care, ultrasound education is not routinely provided in their training programs. This study describes and evaluates a 1-day advanced care provider (APP)-led course designed to provide fellow APPs with the skills to obtain and evaluate basic ultrasound images. METHODS: A 15-question pretest was administered via anonymous use of a clicker response system...
February 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754583/validity-evidence-for-the-hamburg-multiple-mini-interview
#14
Mirjana Knorr, Anja Schwibbe, Maren Ehrhardt, Janina Lackamp, Stefan Zimmermann, Wolfgang Hampe
BACKGROUND: Multiple mini-interviews (MMI) become increasingly popular for the selection of medical students. In this work, we examine the validity evidence for the Hamburg MMI. METHODS: We conducted three follow-up studies for the 2014 cohort of applicants to medical school over the course of two years. We calculated Spearman's rank correlation (ρ) between MMI results and (1) emotional intelligence measured by the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue-SF) and the Situational Test of Emotion Management (STEM), (2) supervisors' and practice team members' evaluations of psychosocial competencies and suitability for the medical profession after a one-week 1:1 teaching in a general practice (GP) and (3) objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) scores...
May 14, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753731/animal-models-of-cholangiocarcinoma-what-they-teach-us-about-the-human-disease
#15
REVIEW
Massimiliano Cadamuro, Simone Brivio, Tommaso Stecca, Eleanna Kaffe, Valeria Mariotti, Chiara Milani, Romina Fiorotto, Carlo Spirli, Mario Strazzabosco, Luca Fabris
Despite recent advances, pathogenesis of cholangiocarcinoma, a highly lethal cancer, remains enigmatic. Furthermore, treatment options are still limited and often disappointing. For this reason, in the last few years there has been a mounting interest towards the generation of experimental models able to reproduce the main features associated with this aggressive behavior. Toxic and infestation-induced, genetically engineered and cell implantation rodent models have been generated, contributing to a deeper understanding of the complex cell biology of the tumor, sustained by multiple cell interactions and driven by a huge variety of molecular perturbations...
May 9, 2018: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751341/balancing-the-seen-and-unseen-nurse-educator-as-role-model-for-critical-thinking
#16
Christy Raymond, Joanne Profetto-McGrath, Florence Myrick, William B Strean
Critical thinking is an important indicator of student learning and is an essential outcome of baccalaureate nursing education. The role of nurse educators in the development of students' critical thinking has been overlooked despite the importance of their actions to facilitate critical thinking in nursing education. We used a constructivist grounded theory approach within a larger mixed methods triangulation study to explore how nurse educators revealed their critical thinking in practice. From the grounded theory approach, a model emerged from our research, outlining the important aspects of nurse educators' critical thinking and how it is revealed in the clinical setting...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744031/exploring-the-measurement-properties-of-the-osteopathy-clinical-teaching-questionnaire-using-rasch-analysis
#17
Brett Vaughan
Background: Clinical teaching evaluations are common in health profession education programs to ensure students are receiving a quality clinical education experience. Questionnaires students use to evaluate their clinical teachers have been developed in professions such as medicine and nursing. The development of a questionnaire that is specifically for the osteopathy on-campus, student-led clinic environment is warranted. Previous work developed the 30-item Osteopathy Clinical Teaching Questionnaire...
2018: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739407/work-shadowing-in-dental-teaching-practices-evaluation-results-of-a-collaborative-study-between-university-and-general-dental-practices
#18
Stefan J Heitkamp, Stefan Rüttermann, Susanne Gerhardt-Szép
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the acceptance and assessment of work shadowing carried out by students and dentists in dental practices. Furthermore, the extent to which students perceive an improvement in their specialised, communication and social competencies, was to be examined. METHODS: 61 dental students in their clinical semesters at a German university participated in work shadowing placements at 27 different general dental practices...
May 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720884/the-perceived-impact-of-the-group-practice-model-on-enhancing-interpersonal-skills-of-predoctoral-dental-students
#19
Margaret R Errante, Gurjinder S Gill, Tobias E Rodriguez
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess if a clinical group practice model has an impact on enhancing the interpersonal skills of predoctoral dental students, what factors may influence the development of these skills, and what, if any, are innovative and technological solutions that can potentially influence interpersonal skills in predoctoral dental students. Methods: This study surveyed the faculty responsible for teaching the dental students in a recently developed group practice model...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720006/interest-and-perceived-barriers-toward-careers-in-academic-medicine-among-medical-students-at-alfaisal-university-college-of-medicine-a-saudi-arabian-perspective
#20
Ahmed Abu-Zaid, Basmah Altinawi, Abdulaziz M Eshaq, Lynn Alkhatib, Judie Hoilat, Sana Kadan, Mai Alshammari, Aya Farfour, Akef Obeidat, Khaled Alkattan
AIMS: [1] Identify the percentage of undergraduate students who are interested in academic medicine (AM) careers, [2] Explore the relationship between students' characteristics, previous experiences and interest in AM careers and [3] Determine students' perceived barriers toward AM careers at Alfaisal University - College of Medicine. METHODS: An online, anonymous, random, self-rating survey was administered during spring 2013-2014 to second-year and third-year students (n = 302)...
May 2, 2018: Medical Teacher
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