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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916196/self-reported-and-observed-feeding-practices-of-rhode-island-head-start-teachers-knowing-what-not-to-do
#1
Megan Fallon, Katherine Halloran, Kathleen Gorman, Dianne Ward, Geoffrey Greene, Alison Tovar
PURPOSE: Through their feeding practices, adult caregivers play an important role in shaping children's eating behaviors. However, the feeding practices of child care teachers have received little attention. The purpose of this study was to compare child care teachers' self-reported feeding practices and observed feeding practices during a preschool meal. METHODS: Rhode Island Head Start (HS) teachers (n = 85) were observed during breakfast and lunch where feeding practices were coded using a tool adapted from the Environmental Policy Assessment and Observation (EPAO) tool...
September 12, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915797/effectiveness-of-a-16-month-multi-component-and-environmental-school-based-intervention-for-recovery-of-poor-income-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-study-protocol-of-the-health-multipliers-program
#2
Pollyanna Fernandes Patriota, Andrea Rocha Filgueiras, Viviane Belucci Pires de Almeida, Guilherme Aparecido Costa Alexmovitz, Carlos Eduardo da Silva, Vivian Fortuna Feres de Carvalho, Natália Carvalho, Maria Paula de Albuquerque, Semiramis Martins Alvares Domene, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Gustavo Enrique Salazar Torres, Ana Paula Reis de Oliveira, Ricardo Sesso, Ana Lydia Sawaya
BACKGROUND: Excess of weight is a serious public health concern in almost all countries, afflicting people of different ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Studies have indicated the need for developing treatment strategies that intervene directly in the obesogenic environment. This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component and environmental school-based intervention, lasting 16 months, on the recovery of the nutritional status of low-income children and adolescents with overweight/ obesity...
September 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913834/which-children-and-young-people-are-excluded-from-school-findings-from-a-large-british-birth-cohort-study-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of-parents-and-children-alspac
#3
A Paget, C Parker, J Heron, S Logan, W Henley, A Emond, T Ford
BACKGROUND: Exclusion from school is increasingly recognized as pertinent to child health. National educational data reveal that boys, children who are looked-after, living in poverty, have special educational needs, or from certain ethnic minorities, are disproportionately excluded from school. As population-based data on the wider characteristics of excluded children are scarce, we aimed to describe predictors of school exclusion in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
September 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#4
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913663/effects-of-a-program-to-promote-high-quality-parenting-by-divorced-and-separated-fathers
#5
Irwin Sandler, Heather Gunn, Gina Mazza, Jenn-Yun Tein, Sharlene Wolchik, Cady Berkel, Sarah Jones, Michele Porter
This paper reports on the effects on parenting and on children's mental health problems and competencies from a randomized trial of a parenting program for divorced and separated fathers. The program, New Beginnings Program-Dads (NBP-Dads), includes ten group sessions (plus two phone sessions) which promote parenting skills to increase positive interactions with children, improve father-child communication, use of effective discipline strategies, and skills to protect children from exposure to interparental conflict...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910602/hair-cortisol-concentration-in-preschoolers-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms-roles-of-gender-and-family-adversity
#6
Ursula Pauli-Pott, Susan Schloß, Isabelle Ruhl, Nadine Skoluda, Urs M Nater, Katja Becker
OBJECTIVE: Previous studies on the association between hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis (HPAA) activity and ADHD yielded inconsistent findings, particularly in younger children. This might be due to the heterogeneity of the disorder, making moderator effects of variables probable, which circumscribe more homogenous subgroups. There have been indications of moderator effects on this association by gender of child and exposure to family adversity. Moreover, difficulties in capturing long-term basal HPAA activity in younger children might have contributed to the inconsistencies...
September 5, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910595/a-method-for-evaluating-physical-activity-programs-in-schools
#7
Cheryl Kelly, Dick Carpenter, Elizabeth Tucker, Carmen Luna, John Donovan, Timothy K Behrens
Providing opportunities for students to be physically active during the school day leads to increased academic performance, better focus, and fewer behavioral problems. As schools begin to incorporate more physical activity programming into the school day, evaluators need methods to measure how much physical activity students are being offered through this programming. Because classroom-based physical activity is often offered in 3-minute to 5-minute bouts at various times of the day, depending on the teachers' time to incorporate it, it is a challenge to evaluate this activity...
September 14, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904592/measuring-teacher-job-satisfaction-assessing-invariance-in-the-teacher-job-satisfaction-scale-tjss-across-six-countries
#8
Alessandro Pepe, Loredana Addimando, Guido Veronese
Work and organizational psychology has long been concerned with measuring job satisfaction in organizational contexts, and this has carried across to the field of education, leading to a research focus on the work-related satisfaction of teachers. Today, a myriad of organizations continue to assess employees' job satisfaction on a routine basis (Liu, Borg, & Spector, 2004). Unfortunately, a sort of balkanization of the field has resulted in the production of dozens of specific measurement tools, making it difficult to cross-compare samples and contexts...
August 2017: Europe's journal of psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902439/promoting-mastery-of-complex-biological-mechanisms
#9
William S Bradshaw, Kathryn J Groneman, Jennifer Nelson, John D Bell
This article describes efforts aimed at improving comprehension and retention of complex molecular mechanisms commonly studied in undergraduate biology and biochemistry courses. The focus is on the design of appropriate assessments, an active classroom emphasizing formative practice, and more effective out-of-class study habits. Assessments that require students to articulate their understanding through writing are the most effective. Frequent formative practice improves performance on problems that require intellectual transfer, the ability to apply conceptual principles in novel settings...
September 13, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901162/imagining-autism-feasibility-of-a-drama-based-intervention-on-the-social-communicative-and-imaginative-behaviour-of-children-with-autism
#10
Julie Beadle-Brown, David Wilkinson, Lisa Richardson, Nicola Shaughnessy, Melissa Trimingham, Jennifer Leigh, Beckie Whelton, Julian Himmerich
We report the feasibility of a novel, school-based intervention, coined 'Imagining Autism', in which children with autism engage with drama practitioners though participatory play and improvisation in a themed multi-sensory 'pod' resembling a portable, tent-like structure. A total of 22 children, aged 7-12 years, from three UK schools engaged in the 10-week programme. Measures of social interaction, communication and emotion recognition, along with parent and teacher ratings, were collected before and up to 12 months after the intervention...
September 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898337/-the-influence-of-pedagogic-and-discipline-training-on-the-teaching-quality-of-university-professors
#11
Diego Troncoso G, Cristhian Pérez V, Giulietta Vaccarezza G, César Aguilar A, Nadia Muñoz N
BACKGROUND: University teachers prioritize acquiring knowledge about their disciplines over pedagogic training. However, the latter is becoming increasingly important in the present teaching scenario. AIM: To relate pedagogic practices with pedagogic training of teachers from health care careers of public and private universities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Pedagogic practice and training activities participation questionnaires were answered by 296 teachers of undergraduate students from Chilean public and private universities...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898335/-the-impact-of-a-self-directed-teaching-approach-on-academic-performance-of-medical-students
#12
Carolina Williams, Lucía Santelices, Mario Ávila, Mauricio Soto, Alberto Dougnac
BACKGROUND: Students should be encouraged to become reflexive and develop autonomous, lifelong learning habits. Therefore, teachers should focus on learning strategies which stimulate autonomous learning. AIM: To assess the impact of a self-directed teaching methodology on the academic performance of medical students in cellular biology and biochemistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2013, 85 students received a traditional teaching methodology and during 2014, 85 students received a self-directed learning methodology...
May 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895183/self-concept-in-institutionalized-children-with-disturbed-attachment-the-mediating-role-of-exploratory-behaviours
#13
V S Vacaru, P S Sterkenburg, C Schuengel
BACKGROUND: Self-concept is seen as both an outcome of sociocognitive and emotional development, and a factor in social and mental health outcomes. Although the contribution of attachment experiences to self-concept has been limited to quality of primary attachment relationships, little is known of the effects of disturbed attachment on self-concept in institutionalized children. Thus, the current study examined associations between disturbed attachment behaviours in institutionalized children and self-concept, testing limited exploration as an explanatory factor...
September 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891117/the-sleeping-patterns-of-head-start-children-and-the-influence-on-developmental-outcomes
#14
M Schlieber, J Han
BACKGROUND: Sleep has a significant influence on children's development. The objective of this study was to investigate Head Start children's sleeping patterns and the impact on cognitive and behavioural outcomes. METHODS: Using the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (N = 2,868), information on sleeping patterns was assessed through parent interviews. Cognitive outcomes were assessed using direct assessments (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-IV, the Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test, and Subtests of the Woodcock-Johnson III) in addition to teacher report...
September 11, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890933/an-online-telepractice-model-for-the-prevention-of-voice-disorders-in-vocally-healthy-student-teachers-evaluated-by-a-smartphone-application
#15
Elizabeth U Grillo
This article describes the Global Voice Prevention Model (GVPM) facilitated with student teachers at West Chester University and the VoiceEvalU8 smartphone application (app) used to assess the effectiveness of the GVPM. Twenty-one participants completed 1 of 3 conditions (i.e., in-person GVPM, telepractice GVPM, and control). The in-person and telepractice conditions ran for 4 weeks during fall 2016, with 1 week dedicated to vocal education and vocal hygiene and 3 weeks spent in vocal training. The control condition ran for 1 week and included only vocal education and vocal hygiene...
June 2017: Perspectives of the ASHA special interest groups
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886397/directly-alcohol-attributable-mortality-by-industry-and-occupation-in-a-spanish-census-cohort-of-economically-active-population
#16
José Pulido, Fernando Vallejo, Ignacio Alonso-López, Enrique Regidor, Fernando Villar, Luis de la Fuente, Antonia Domingo-Salvany, Gregorio Barrio
AIMS: To assess disparities in directly alcohol-attributable (DAA) mortality by industry/occupation in Spain during 2002-2011 and the contribution of different socio-demographic factors, including socioeconomic position, to explain such disparity. METHODS: Nationwide cohort study covering 16 million economically active people living in Spain in 2001. Deaths at age 25-64 were analyzed. Subjects were classified by employment status, industry and occupation at baseline...
August 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883985/local-stakeholders-perceptions-of-community-sensitization-for-school-based-deworming-programme-in-kenya
#17
D W Njomo, J Masaku, F Mwende, G Odhiambo, R Musuva, E Matey, I G Thuita, J H Kihara
BACKGROUND: In Kenya, the National School-Based Deworming Programme (NSBDP) for soil-transmitted helminthes and schistosomiasis in prioritized areas has been going on since the year 2012. By the year 2013 over 6 million School Age Children (SAC) had been treated. A community sensitization supplement containing key messages and answers to frequently asked questions was developed as a guiding tool. Awareness creation methods used include county sensitization meetings, stakeholder forums, town criers and posters...
2017: Tropical Diseases, Travel Medicine and Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883212/verification-of-learning-effects-by-team-based-learning
#18
Shin-Ichi Ono, Yoshihisa Ito, Kumiko Ishige, Norio Inokuchi, Yasuhiro Kosuge, Satoru Asami, Megumi Izumisawa, Hiroko Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Takashi Suzuki, Yukinaga Kishikawa, Harumi Hata, Eiji Kose, Kei-Ichi Tabata
  It has been recommended that active learning methods, such as team-based learning (TBL) and problem-based learning (PBL), be introduced into university classes by the Central Council for Education. As such, for the past 3 years, we have implemented TBL in a medical therapeutics course for 4-year students. Based upon our experience, TBL is characterized as follows: TBL needs fewer teachers than PBL to conduct a TBL module. TBL enables both students and teachers to recognize and confirm the learning results from preparation and reviewing...
September 5, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876473/sydney-playground-project-a-cluster-randomized-trial-to-increase-physical-activity-play-and-social-skills
#19
Anita Bundy, Lina Engelen, Shirley Wyver, Paul Tranter, Jo Ragen, Adrian Bauman, Louise Baur, Wendy Schiller, Judy M Simpson, Anita N Niehues, Gabrielle Perry, Glenda Jessup, Geraldine Naughton
BACKGROUND: We assessed the effectiveness of a simple intervention for increasing children's physical activity, play, perceived competence/social acceptance, and social skills. METHODS: A cluster-randomized controlled trial was conducted, in which schools were the clusters. Twelve Sydney (Australia) primary schools were randomly allocated to intervention or control conditions, with 226 children (5-7 years old) selected randomly to participate. Data were collected at baseline and after 13 weeks...
October 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875713/the-impact-of-fathers-military-deployment-on-child-adjustment-the-support-needs-of-primary-school-children-and-their-families-separated-during-active-military-service-a-pilot-study
#20
Sharon Pexton, Jacqui Farrants, William Yule
BACKGROUND: Although direct exposure to war-related trauma negatively impacts children's psychological well-being, little is known about this impact within the context of parental military deployment to a combat zone and 'indirect' experience of the effects of armed conflict. This study investigates the impact of father's military deployment to Afghanistan on child well-being in primary schoolchildren and compares measures of adjustment with a matched group of children with fathers deployed on military training (non-combat) deployment...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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