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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164440/parent-and-teacher-concordance-of-child-outcomes-for-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Kelsey S Dickson, Jessica Suhrheinrich, Sarah R Rieth, Aubyn C Stahmer
Cross-informant ratings of are considered gold standard for child behavioral assessment. To date, little work has examined informant ratings of adaptive functioning for youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a large, diverse sample of youth with ASD, this study evaluated parent-teacher concordance of ratings of adaptive functioning and ASD-specific symptomatology across time. The impact of child clinical characteristics on concordance was also examined. Participants included 246 children, their caregivers and teachers...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163303/attentional-orientation-patterns-toward-emotional-faces-and-temperamental-correlates-of-preschool-oppositional-defiant-problems-the-moderating-role-of-callous-unemotional-traits-and-anxiety-symptoms
#2
Georgiana Susa Erdogan, Oana Benga, Crina Marină
The present study examined the independent contributions and the interaction effects of oppositional defiant problems (ODD), callous unemotional traits (CU) and anxiety symptoms on attentional orienting to emotional faces, in a community sample of preschoolers. Additionally, based on Rothbart's (2007) model of temperament, we analyzed whether fine-grained dimensions of reactivity (fear, anger, discomfort, sadness, activity level, approach, high intensity pleasure, impulsivity) and self-regulation (attentional shifting, attentional focusing, inhibitory control), as well as the higher order temperamental factors of negative affectivity, surgency and effortful control are associated with CU traits and ODD-related problems...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161949/learning-letters-with-the-whole-body-visuomotor-versus-visual-teaching-in-kindergarten
#3
Florence Bara, Nathalie Bonneton-Botté
What constitutes effective teaching of letter learning in early school years is still uncertain. We assessed the impact of a teacher-implemented visuomotor intervention program to teach 5-year-olds' cursive letter knowledge. We compared a program in which letters were explored with the arm and whole body, with a typical visual training program. Children were tested before and after the intervention with different measures of letter knowledge. We showed a greater improvement in letter recognition following the visuomotor intervention, compared with the visual intervention...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159857/methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
REVIEW
Nancy Sturman, Laura Deckx, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) and ASD (impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive, restricted or stereotypical behaviours) in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with ASD...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157232/implementation-of-an-interprofessional-team-based-learning-program-involving-seven-undergraduate-health-and-social-care-programs-from-two-universities-and-students-evaluation-of-their-readiness-for-interprofessional-learning
#5
Lap Ki Chan, Fraide Ganotice, Frances Kam Yuet Wong, Chak Sing Lau, Susan M Bridges, Celia Hoi Yan Chan, Namkiu Chan, Phoebe Wing Lam Chan, Hai Yong Chen, Julie Yun Chen, Jody Kwok Pui Chu, Charlene C Ho, Jacqueline Mei Chi Ho, Tai Pong Lam, Veronica Suk Fun Lam, Qingyun Li, Jian Gang Shen, Julian Alexander Tanner, Winnie Wan Yee Tso, Arkers Kwan Ching Wong, Gordon Tin Chun Wong, Janet Yuen Ha Wong, Nai Sum Wong, Alan Worsley, Lei King Yu, Tin Pui Yum
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional learning is gaining momentum in revolutionizing healthcare education. During the academic year 2015/16, seven undergraduate-entry health and social care programs from two universities in Hong Kong took part in an interprofessional education program. Based on considerations such as the large number of students involved and the need to incorporate adult learning principles, team-based learning was adopted as the pedagogy for the program, which was therefore called the interprofessional team-based learning program (IPTBL)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155228/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-policies-in-schools-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Nicole Nathan, Ben Elton, Mark Babic, Nicole McCarthy, Rachel Sutherland, Justin Presseau, Kirsty Seward, Rebecca Hodder, Debbie Booth, Sze Lin Yoong, Luke Wolfenden
Research consistently indicates that schools fail to implement mandatory physical activity policies. This review aimed to describe factors (barriers and facilitators) that may influence the implementation of school physical activity policies which specify the time or intensity that physical activity should be implemented and to map these factors to a theoretical framework. A systematic search was undertaken in six databases for quantitative or qualitative studies published between 1995-March 2016 that examined teachers', principals' or school administrators' reported barriers and/or facilitators to implementing mandated school physical activity policies...
November 16, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154033/measuring-preschool-learning-engagement-in-the-laboratory
#7
Simone E Halliday, Susan D Calkins, Esther M Leerkes
Learning engagement is a critical factor for academic achievement and successful school transitioning. However, current methods of assessing learning engagement in young children are limited to teacher report or classroom observation, which may limit the types of research questions one could assess about this construct. The current study investigated the validity of a novel assessment designed to measure behavioral learning engagement among young children in a standardized laboratory setting and examined how learning engagement in the laboratory relates to future classroom adjustment...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149903/improving-access-to-school-health-services-as-perceived-by-school-professionals
#8
Janine Bezem, Debbie Heinen, Ria Reis, Simone E Buitendijk, Mattijs E Numans, Paul L Kocken
BACKGROUND: The organisation of health assessments by preventive health services focusing on children's health and educational performance needs to be improved due to evolving health priorities such as mental health problems, reduced budgets and shortages of physicians and nurses. We studied the impact on the school professionals' perception of access to school health services (SHS) when a triage approach was used for population-based health assessments in primary schools. The triage approach involves pre-assessments by SHS assistants, with only those children in need of follow-up being assessed by a physician or nurse...
November 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148601/convergent-incremental-and-criterion-related-validity-of-multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescents-fears-of-negative-and-positive-evaluation
#9
Jeremy N Karp, Bridget A Makol, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Danielle E Deros, Justin W Weeks, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescents who experience social anxiety tend to hold fears about negative evaluations (e.g., taunting) and may also hold fears about positive evaluations (e.g., praise from a teacher). The Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation (BFNE) scale and Fear of Positive Evaluation Scale (FPES) are 2 widely used measures of adults' evaluative concerns. Yet we know little about their psychometric properties when assessing adolescents. In a mixed clinical/community sample of 96 adolescents (66.7% female; M = 14.50 years, SD = 0...
November 17, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145944/latent-national-subpopulations-of-early-education-classroom-disengagement-of-children-from-underresourced-families
#10
Paul A McDermott, Michael J Rovine, Marley W Watkins, Jessica L Chao, Clare W Irwin, Roland Reyes
This research examined the latent developmental patterns for early classroom disengagement among children from some of the most underresourced families in the nation. Based on standardized teacher observations from the Head Start Impact Study, a nationally representative sample of children (N=1377) was assessed for manifestations of reticent/withdrawn and low energy behavior over four years spanning prekindergarten through first grade. For each form of disengagement, latent growth mixture modeling revealed three distinct subpopulations of change patterns featuring a dominant class associated with generally good classroom adjustment, a medial class that varied close to the population average over time, and a more extreme class (about 10% of the population) whose adjustment was relatively marginal and sometimes reached problematic levels...
December 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143158/being-a-young-migrant-in-italy-the-effect-of-perceived-social-support-in-adolescence
#11
Paola Dalmasso, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Paola Berchialla, Franco Cavallo, Patrizia Lemma
Parental and peer support seems to be a favourable determining factor in the acculturation process among young immigrants. We aimed to assess the level of perceived support among first- and second-generation adolescent immigrants and compare it to that perceived by the adolescents from the host population. Using Italian HBSC survey data collected in 2013-2014, first- and second-generation immigrants aged 11, 13 and 15 years were classified according to their ethnic background as being from Western countries, Eastern European countries, or from non-Western/non-European countries...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136489/like-peas-and-carrots-combining-wellness-policy-implementation-with-classroom-education-for-obesity-prevention-in-the-childcare-setting
#12
Caree J Cotwright, Diane W Bales, Jung Sun Lee, Kathryn Parrott, Nathalie Celestin, Babatunde Olubajo
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated an intervention combining policy training and technical assistance for childcare teachers with a nutrition education curriculum to improve (1) the knowledge and self-efficacy of childcare teachers in implementing obesity prevention policies and practices, (2) the quantity and quality of nutrition and physical activity education, and (3) the childcare wellness environment. METHODS: Thirteen teachers and 8 administrators (2 of whom were also teachers) from 8 childcare programs in Clarke County, Georgia, participated in the Healthy Child Care Georgia intervention during June-October 2015...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136482/impact-of-an-elementary-school-based-intervention-on-physical-activity-time-and-aerobic-capacity-georgia-2013-2014
#13
Hayley A Braun, Christi M Kay, Patricia Cheung, Paul S Weiss, Julie A Gazmararian
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) determine the impact of a 1-year elementary school physical activity intervention on changes in teacher-reported school-based physical activity time and (2) assess the relationship between these changes and changes in student aerobic capacity. METHODS: HealthMPowers, a nonprofit organization, provided a multicomponent physical activity intervention to 3479 students in 39 schools in Georgia during 2013-2014. HealthMPowers administered a survey to faculty members before (August 2013) and after (May 2014) the intervention to measure student physical activity times...
November 2017: Public Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136227/developmental-outcome-of-9-year-old-children-born-after-pgs-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#14
Derk Kuiper, Anne Bennema, Sacha la Bastide-van Gemert, Jorien Seggers, Pamela Schendelaar, Sebastiaan Mastenbroek, Annemieke Hoek, Maas Jan Heineman, Tessa J Roseboom, Joke H Kok, Mijna Hadders-Algra
STUDY QUESTION: Does Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS affect neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not find evidence of adverse consequences of Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS on neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring, although children born after IVF with or without PGS often had a non-optimal neurological condition. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Knowledge on long-term sequelae for development and health of children born following PGS is lacking...
November 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131729/yoga-communities-and-eating-disorders-creating-safe-space-for-positive-embodiment
#15
Catherine Cook-Cottone, Laura Lee Douglass
With adequate education and guidance, yoga communities, as part of the therapeutic landscape in the 21st century, can play a significant role promoting positive embodiment for those with, and at-risk for, eating disorders (EDs). To do this, yoga teachers need to know how to create a body-positive community and be able to recognize and respond to those at risk and struggling with EDs in their communities. In order to address yoga teaching methods associated with EDs and ED risk, broader conceptual approaches and specific practices associated with positive embodiment are offered...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130073/patterns-of-mortality-by-occupation-in-the-uk-1991-2011-a-comparative-analysis-of-linked-census-and-mortality-records
#16
Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Alastair H Leyland, Martin McKee, Kevin Ralston, David Stuckler
Background: Detailed assessments of mortality by occupation are scarce. We aimed to assess mortality by occupation in the UK, differences in rates between England and Wales and Scotland, and changes over time in Scotland. Methods: We analysed adults of working age (20-59 years) using linked census and death records. Main occupation was coded into more than 60 groups in the 2001 census, with mortality follow-up until Dec 31, 2011. Comparable occupation data were available for Scotland in 1991, allowing assessment of trends over time...
November 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128900/student-learning-outcomes-perceptions-and-beliefs-in-the-context-of-strengthening-research-integration-into-the-first-year-of-medical-school
#17
Mayke W C Vereijken, Roeland M van der Rijst, Jan H van Driel, Friedo W Dekker
Research integrated into undergraduate education is important in order for medical students to understand and value research for later clinical practice. Therefore, attempts are being made to strengthen the integration of research into teaching from the first year onwards. First-year students may interpret attempts made to strengthen research integration differently than intended by teachers. This might be explained by student beliefs about learning and research as well as student perceptions of the learning environment...
November 11, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121825/the-impact-of-staff-training-on-special-educational-needs-professionals-attitudes-toward-and-understanding-of-applied-behavior-analysis
#18
Sinéad Smyth, Benjamin E Reading, Claire McDowell
BACKGROUND: Research-based evidence points to the efficacy and value of applied behavior analysis (ABA) in meeting the needs of individuals with learning disabilities and autism. Nonetheless, public, government, and professional perception of ABA can be negative. The current study was designed to measure the impact of a short intervention on professionals' attitudes toward, and knowledge of, ABA. METHOD: Teachers and classroom assistants from two separate schools for children with severe learning difficulties completed a self-report survey on knowledge of and attitudes toward ABA...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121552/developing-digital-educational-materials-for-nursing-and-sustainability-the-results-of-an-observational-study
#19
Carmen Álvarez-Nieto, Janet Richardson, Gema Parra-Anguita, Manuel Linares-Abad, Norma Huss, M Luisa Grande-Gascón, Jane Grose, Maud Huynen, Isabel M López-Medina
BACKGROUND: There is limited European literature on nursing and sustainability; nursing students are poorly prepared on the connections between resources, climate change, sustainability, and health, so they must acquire knowledge and develop skills and competencies in this field. The use of digital technologies and teaching via E-learning has grown, and has been widely adopted as a learning method for nursing. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to test and evaluate digital educational materials on environmental sustainability and health, in the context of university nursing education in different European countries...
October 31, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121245/education-setting-based-health-promotion-in-new-zealand-evaluating-the-wellbeing-and-vitality-in-education-wave-programme
#20
Kristi Calder, Annabel Begg, Lee Thompson, Daniel Williams, Susan Bidwell, Neil Brosnahan
Wellbeing and vitality in education (WAVE) is an education setting based health promotion initiative in South Canterbury, New Zealand. A mixed method approach was used for assessing change over time. Over ninety percent of education settings (94%) were participating in WAVE (n = 95). A total of 73 education settings completed the questionnaire at both baseline and follow-up. Evaluation of the WAVE programme shows that a robust partnership between health and education sectors can provide the basis for high levels of participation and significant changes in practice across all levels of education and a whole province...
November 7, 2017: Health Promotion International
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