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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230407/explaining-discrepancies-in-assessment-protocols-trait-relevance-and-functional-equivalence
#1
Hedwig Teglasi, Jessica Ritzau, Catherine Sanders, Margaret J Kim, Arianna Scott
Inconsistencies among independent sources of information about psychological constructs are widely documented, but not adequately explained. Measurement error as the primary explanation, though historically popular, is no longer tenable. Yet, even as assessors acknowledge that various measures of the same construct are not necessarily interchangeable, there are no agreed upon frameworks to discern the unique contribution of each measure in multiinformant and multimethod assessment protocols. In this study, we focus on the relevance of the target trait in its measured contexts and on the functional equivalence of the trait across its measures (similar self-regulatory requirements for trait expression) as driving relations between scores...
February 23, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229495/adolescent-daytime-sleepiness-as-a-risk-factor-for-adult-crime
#2
Adrian Raine, Peter H Venables
BACKGROUND: While recent cross-sectional research has documented a relationship between sleep problems and antisocial behavior, the longitudinal nature of this relationship is unknown. This study tests both the hypothesis that adolescent daytime sleepiness is associated with later adult criminal offending, and also tests a biopsychosocial mediation model in which social adversity predisposes to sleepiness, which in turn predisposes to attentional impairment, and to adult crime. METHODS: Schoolboys aged 15 years rated themselves on self-report sleepiness...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225204/improving-student-documentation-using-a-feedback-tool
#3
Stephanie DeLeon, Brent Mothner, Amy Middleman
BACKGROUND: Medical students are often given non-standardised midpoint feedback and final evaluation on their history and physical examination documentation, despite this written communication being one of the most important aspects of patient care. This study aims to assess the effect of using a standardised feedback tool on overall student documentation performance. METHODS: A standardised written evaluation form, called the history and physical examination write-up assessment (HAPA) form, was previously developed and published in The Clinical Teacher in 2011...
February 22, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224880/child-depression-prevalence-and-comparison-between-self-reports-and-teacher-reports
#4
Joana Jaureguizar, Elena Bernaras, Maite Garaigordobil
Depression is one of the most worrying diseases nowadays. The study had three main purposes: 1) to identify the prevalence of depressive symptomatology in 7-10 year olds, exploring differences according to gender and age; 2) to analyze the consistency between self-reports and teacher reports; and 3) to explore the relationship between depression and academic performance. Regarding the methodology, the sample comprised 420 students aged between 7 and 10 years from the Basque Country (53.3% boys, 46.7% girls)...
February 22, 2017: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221063/what-five-decades-of-research-tells-us-about-the-effects-of-youth-psychological-therapy-a-multilevel-meta-analysis-and-implications-for-science-and-practice
#5
John R Weisz, Sofie Kuppens, Mei Yi Ng, Dikla Eckshtain, Ana M Ugueto, Rachel Vaughn-Coaxum, Amanda Jensen-Doss, Kristin M Hawley, Lauren S Krumholz Marchette, Brian C Chu, V Robin Weersing, Samantha R Fordwood
Across 5 decades, hundreds of randomized trials have tested psychological therapies for youth internalizing (anxiety, depression) and externalizing (misconduct, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder) disorders and problems. Since the last broad-based youth meta-analysis in 1995, the number of trials has almost tripled and data-analytic methods have been refined. We applied these methods to the expanded study pool (447 studies; 30,431 youths), synthesizing 50 years of findings and identifying implications for research and practice...
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218936/a-national-cera-study-of-the-use-of-laborists-in-family-medicine-residency-training
#6
Robert A Baldor, Christine Chang Pecci, Gerardo Moreno, Virginia Van Duyne, Stacy E Potts
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the impact of laborists (which we defined as "clinicians dedicated to providing L&D care services in the hospital environment for pregnant patients, regardless of who provided the prenatal care" for this survey) on family medicine residency training. We surveyed family medicine residency directors to assess characteristics about laborist services and their involvement in family medicine residency teaching. METHODS: Questions were included in the 2015 Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA) survey of family medicine residency directors...
February 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218159/awareness-of-legal-and-social-issues-related-to-reproductive-health-among-adolescent-girls-in-rural-varanasi
#7
Sangeeta Kansal, Sweta Singh, Alok Kumar
BACKGROUND: Data on awareness of adolescent's on the legal and social issues/acts related to reproductive health, especially in rural areas, are scarce. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present cross-sectional study is to assess the awareness level of legal and social issues related to reproductive health and its association with the various individual and family/household level characteristics. METHODS: 650 adolescent girls in the age group of 15-19 years were interviewed with the help of pretested and semistructured questionnaire and focus group discussions were also conducted for qualitative findings in Chiraigaon block of district Varanasi...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217970/anxiety-symptoms-as-a-moderator-of-the-reciprocal-links-between-forms-of-aggression-and-peer-victimization-in-middle-childhood
#8
John L Cooley, Andrew L Frazer, Paula J Fite, Shaquanna Brown, Moneika DiPierro
The current short-term longitudinal study evaluated whether anxiety symptoms moderated the bidirectional associations between forms (i.e., physical and relational) of aggression and peer victimization over a 1-year period during middle childhood. Participants were 228 predominantly Caucasian children (50.4% boys; M = 8.32 years, SD = .95 years) in the second through fourth grades and their homeroom teachers. Children completed a self-report measure of anxiety symptoms at Time 1. Peer victimization was assessed using self-reports at Time 1 and approximately 1 year later (Time 2), and teachers provided ratings of children's aggressive behavior at both time points...
February 20, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217827/bidirectional-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-functions-of-aggression-in-middle-childhood-further-evaluation-across-informants-and-academic-years
#9
John L Cooley, Paula J Fite, Casey A Pederson
The current 3-wave study examined bidirectional associations between peer victimization and functions of aggression across informants over a 1-year period in middle childhood, with attention to potential gender differences. Participants included 198 children (51% girls) in the third and fourth grades and their homeroom teachers. Peer victimization was assessed using both child- and teacher-reports, and teachers provided ratings of reactive and proactive aggression. Cross-classified multilevel cross-lagged models indicated that child-reports, but not teacher-reports, of peer victimization predicted higher levels of reactive aggression within and across academic years...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206831/exploring-the-link-between-mindset-and-psychological-well-being-among-veterinary-students
#10
Rachel E Whittington, Susan Rhind, Daphne Loads, Ian Handel
This study set out to improve our understanding of potential pedagogical factors that may influence the mental health of veterinary students. Previous research has demonstrated that the type of feedback given to children by parents and teachers can strongly influence young people's beliefs in their ability to modify their intelligence-their "mindset." There is also evidence that we can change the mindset of students relating to their intelligence by changing the methods by which we teach and assess. We used a paper-based questionnaire to assess mindset and psychological well-being in veterinary students (n=148)...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195957/ecological-assessment-of-everyday-executive-functioning-at-home-and-at-school-following-childhood-traumatic-brain-injury-using-the-brief-questionnaire
#11
Mathilde Chevignard, Bernadette Kerrouche, Agata Krasny-Pacini, Aude Mariller, Emmanuelle Pineau-Chardon, Pauline Notteghem, Julie Prodhomme, Didier Le Gall, Jean-Luc Roulin, Nathalie Fournet, Arnaud Roy
OBJECTIVES: To describe dysexecutive symptoms in children with traumatic brain injury (TBI) using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF); to compare parent- and teacher-ratings, to analyze the differential impairment in the BRIEF subscales, and factors influencing outcome. PARTICIPANTS: Children aged 5 to 18 years 11 months, referred to a rehabilitation department following TBI. OUTCOME MEASURES: Parent- and teacher reports of the BRIEF...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195420/individual-differences-in-prototypical-moral-and-conventional-judgments-and-children-s-proactive-and-reactive-aggression
#12
Marc Jambon, Judith G Smetana
This article examined links between 4- and 6-year-olds' (n = 101; Mage  = 5.12 years, SD = 0.67; 53% male) ability to distinguish moral and conventional transgressions along different criteria and teacher ratings of proactive and reactive aggression. Latent difference score modeling revealed that moral transgressions were judged more unacceptable and wrong independent of rules and authority than conventional violations, but significant variability in moral-conventional distinctions was also observed...
February 13, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194417/developing-intervention-strategies-to-optimise-body-composition-in-early-childhood-in-south-africa
#13
MULTICENTER STUDY
Catherine E Draper, Simone A Tomaz, Matthew Stone, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A Jones, Johann Louw, Rhian Twine, Kathleen Kahn, Shane A Norris
Purpose. The purpose of this research was to collect data to inform intervention strategies to optimise body composition in South African preschool children. Methods. Data were collected in urban and rural settings. Weight status, physical activity, and gross motor skill assessments were conducted with 341 3-6-year-old children, and 55 teachers and parents/caregivers participated in focus groups. Results. Overweight and obesity were a concern in low-income urban settings (14%), but levels of physical activity and gross motor skills were adequate across all settings...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193490/physical-activity-and-academic-achievement-across-the-curriculum-results-from-a-3-year-cluster-randomized-trial
#14
Joseph E Donnelly, Charles H Hillman, Jerry L Greene, David M Hansen, Cheryl A Gibson, Debra K Sullivan, John Poggio, Matthew S Mayo, Kate Lambourne, Amanda N Szabo-Reed, Stephen D Herrmann, Jeffery J Honas, Mark R Scudder, Jessica L Betts, Katherine Henley, Suzanne L Hunt, Richard A Washburn
We compared changes in academic achievement across 3years between children in elementary schools receiving the Academic Achievement and Physical Activity Across the Curriculum intervention (A+PAAC), in which classroom teachers were trained to deliver academic lessons using moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) compared to a non-intervention control. Elementary schools in eastern Kansas (n=17) were cluster randomized to A+PAAC (N=9, target ≥100min/week) or control (N=8). Academic achievement (math, reading, spelling) was assessed using the Wechsler Individual Achievement Test-Third Edition (WIAT-III) in a sample of children (A+PAAC=316, Control=268) in grades 2 and 3 at baseline (Fall 2011) and repeated each spring across 3years...
February 10, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191983/mental-health-of-extremely-low-birth-weight-survivors-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Karen J Mathewson, Cheryl H T Chow, Kathleen G Dobson, Eliza I Pope, Louis A Schmidt, Ryan J Van Lieshout
Although individuals born at extremely low birth weight (ELBW; < 1,000 g) are the most vulnerable of all preterm survivors, their risk for mental health problems across the life span has not been systematically reviewed. The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to ascertain whether the risk for mental health problems is greater for ELBW survivors than their normal birth weight (NBW) peers in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. Forty-one studies assessing 2,712 ELBW children, adolescents, and adults and 11,127 NBW controls were reviewed...
February 13, 2017: Psychological Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188945/assessment-of-clinical-teachers-professionalism-in-iran-from-residents-and-fellowships-perspective
#16
Sima Garshasbi, Hamidollah Bahador, Nahid Fakhraei, Abolfazl Farbod, Maryam Mohammadi, Soleiman Ahmady, Seyed Hassan Emami Razavi
In the present study, professional conduct of clinical teachers in Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Iran was assessed by their residents (n=292) and fellowships (n=48) using a standard questioner called self-reported measurement equipment. This evaluation was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Professionalism was questioned in four domains including clinical teacher-patient, clinical teacher-student, inter-professional and clinical teacher-self relationships. Accordingly, mean scores of the teachers in cases of clinical teacher-patient; clinical teacher-student, inter-professional (teamwork) and clinical teacher-self relations were 61%, 62...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187923/the-impact-of-a-teaching-or-singing-career-on-the-female-vocal-quality-at-the-mean-age-of-67-years-a-pilot-study
#17
Evelien D'haeseleer, Sofie Claeys, Kim Bettens, Laura Leemans, Ann-Sophie Van Calster, Nina Van Damme, Zoë Thijs, Julie Daelman, Clara Leyns, Kristiane Van Lierde
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the objective and subjective vocal quality in women aged between 60 and 75 years. Secondly, the impact of a teaching or singing career on the vocal quality was investigated by comparing the vocal quality of retired women with different careers. STUDY DESIGN: This is a case-control study. METHODS: Seventy-three retired women between 60 and 75 years (mean age: 67 years, standard deviation: 4...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183071/effects-of-mind-sound-resonance-technique-yogic-relaxation-on-psychological-states-sleep-quality-and-cognitive-functions-in-female-teachers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Manas Rao, Kashinath G Metri, Nagaratna Raghuram, Nagendra R Hongasandra
Context • Several studies have revealed a high rate of physical and psychological problems from stress among schoolteachers. Yoga is one of the mind-body interventions known to alleviate stress and effects. The mind sound resonance technique (MSRT), a yoga-based, mindfulness relaxation is recognized as having a positive influence on physical and psychological health. Objectives • The study intended to examine the effects of an MSRT intervention for 1 mo on perceived stress, quality of sleep, cognitive function, state and trait anxiety, psychological distress, and fatigue among female teachers...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181775/precision-of-verbal-feedback-affects-accuracy-of-motor-skill-performance
#19
Mirosław Zalech, Zbigniew Bujak
BACKGROUND: The study sought to determine whether the precision of verbal feedback on knowledge of results affected the accuracy of motor skill performance with various parameters. METHODS: Eighty-eight male young healthy adults (21.55±1.13 years) participated in the study. They were randomly assigned to two groups (44 people each one). They had to perform standing long jump test. Three types of feedback and three distances that the participants jumped were used in the experiment...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181268/developing-an-instrument-to-measure-emotional-behaviour-abilities-of-meaningful-learning-through-the-delphi-technique
#20
Lucia Cadorin, Annamaria Bagnasco, Angela Tolotti, Nicola Pagnucci, Loredana Sasso
AIM: To identify items for a new instrument that measures emotional behaviour abilities of Meaningful Learning, according to Fink's Taxonomy. BACKGROUND: Meaningful Learning is an active process that promotes a wider and deeper understanding of concepts. It is the result of an interaction between new and prior knowledge and produces a long-term change of knowledge and skills. To measure Meaningful Learning capability, it is very important in the education of health professionals to identify problems or special learning needs...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
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