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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318759/asthma-education-taught-by-physical-education-teachers-at-grade-schools-a-randomised-cluster-trial
#1
M Praena-Crespo, N Aquino-Llinares, J C Fernández-Truan, L Castro-Gómez, C Segovia-Ferrera
OBJECTIVE: Assess whether the Asthma, Sport and Health (ASAH) programme taught by teachers improves asthmatics' quality of life, asthma knowledge, and reduces school absenteeism. DESIGN: Randomised cluster trial parallel group. PARTICIPANTS: 2293 students (203 asthmatic) in the Intervention School group (IS) and 2214 in the Comparison School (CS) (224 asthmatic) belonging to primary school. INTERVENTION: Implementation of the educational programme "Asthma, Sport and Health" at grade schools, taught by physical education teachers...
March 15, 2017: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318284/why-classroom-climate-matters-for-children-high-in-anxious-solitude-a-study-of-differential-susceptibility
#2
Kathleen Hughes, Robert J Coplan
The goal of the current study was to examine the complex links among anxious solitude, classroom climate, engagement, achievement, and gender. In particular, drawing upon the differential susceptibility hypothesis (Belsky, 1997), we investigated if children high in anxious solitude were particularly sensitive and responsive to the classroom environment. Participants were N = 712 children in Grade 3, drawn from the National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development data set...
March 20, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304000/outcome-based-approach-to-medical-education-towards-academic-programmes-accreditation-a-review-article
#3
Abdelmarouf H Mohieldein
The rapid change worldwide, as a consequence of advances in science and technology, necessitates the graduation of well-qualified graduates who have the appropriate knowledge and skills to fulfill specific work requirements. Hence, redesigning academic models by focusing on educational outcomes became the target and priority for universities around the world. In this systematic review we collected and retrieved literature using a selection of electronic databases. The objectives of this report is to: 1) provide an overview of the evolution of outcome-based education (OBE), (2) illustrate the philosophy and principle of OBE, (3) list the OBE advantages and benefits, (4) describe the assessment strategies used in OBE, and (5) discuss the role of teachers and students as key elements...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303421/oxytocin-receptor-gene-variant-interacts-with-intervention-delivery-format-in-predicting-intervention-outcomes-for-youth-with-conduct-problems
#4
Andrea L Glenn, John E Lochman, Thomas Dishion, Nicole P Powell, Caroline Boxmeyer, Lixin Qu
Coping Power is an evidence-based preventive intervention program for youth with aggressive behavior problems that has traditionally been delivered in small group formats. Because of concerns about iatrogenic effects secondary to aggregation of high risk youth, the current study examined whether genetic risk may moderate intervention outcome when youth were randomly assigned to group versus individual formats of an intervention. The oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) has been associated with social behavior and may influence susceptibility to social reinforcement in general and deviant peer influence in particular...
March 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302151/analysis-of-psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-setq-tool-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#5
Ahmed Al Ansari, Kathryn Strachan, Sumaya Hashim, Sameer Otoom
BACKGROUND: Effective clinical teaching is crucially important for the future of patient care. Robust clinical training therefore is essential to produce physicians capable of delivering high quality health care. Tools used to evaluate medical faculty teaching qualities should be reliable and valid. This study investigates the psychometric properties of modification of the System for Evaluation of Teaching Qualities (SETQ) instrument in the clinical years of undergraduate medical education...
March 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301801/attention-to-emotion-through-a-go-no-go-task-in-children-with-oppositionality-and-callous-unemotional-traits
#6
Lourdes Ezpeleta, J Blas Navarro, Núria de la Osa, Eva Penelo, Esther Trepat, Virginia Martin, Josep M Domènech
BACKGROUND: There is debate about whether the difficulties that children with different degrees of oppositionality (ODD) and callous-unemotional traits (CU) have in processing emotions are global or specific. The aim of this study is to identify difficulties in recognizing emotion (happiness, anger, sadness and fear) through a go/no-go task in children with different levels of ODD and CU traits. METHOD: A total of 320 8-year-old children were assessed through questionnaires filled out by teachers about oppositional defiant symptoms and CU traits and were then distributed into four groups: LowCU-HighODD, HighCU-LowODD, HighCU-HighODD and a comparison group (LowCU-LowODD)...
March 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300452/sun-smart-practices-amongst-school-students-grades-5-7-and-9-in-alberta-canada
#7
Divya Jha, Shankar Jha, Sunita Ghosh, Michael Smylie, Muba Taher
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the current knowledge children possess on melanoma and sun-protective behaviour. METHODS: A one-page survey was administered to students in grades 5, 7, and 9. RESULTS: Three hundred ninety-two students from 11 schools in Edmonton were surveyed. Seventy-one percent of students knew that sun exposure can cause skin cancers. Sixty-nine percent were taught by their parents about sun protection, but only 44% of students received similar instructions from teachers...
March 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300343/medical-student-use-of-digital-learning-resources
#8
Karen Scott, Anne Morris, Ben Marais
BACKGROUND: University students expect to use technology as part of their studies, yet health professional teachers can struggle with the change in student learning habits fuelled by technology. Our research aimed to document the learning habits of contemporary medical students during a clinical rotation by exploring the use of locally and externally developed digital and print self-directed learning resources, and study groups. METHODS: We investigated the learning habits of final-stage medical students during their clinical paediatric rotation using mixed methods, involving learning analytics and a student questionnaire...
March 16, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297001/screening-bilingual-preschoolers-for-language-difficulties-utility-of-teacher-and-parent-reports
#9
Emmanuel Peng Kiat Pua, Mary Lay Choo Lee, Susan J Rickard Liow
Purpose: The utility of parent and teacher reports for screening 3 types of bilingual preschoolers (English-first language [L1]/Mandarin-second language[L2], Mandarin-L1/English-L2, or Malay-L1/English-L2) for language difficulty was investigated in Singapore with reference to measures of reliability, validity, sensitivity, and specificity in an English-medium kindergarten setting. Method: The index tests were teachers' ratings of the English language ability of 5-year-olds (N = 85) on the Bilingual Language Assessment Battery (BLAB): Preschool Teacher Report (Pua, Lee, & Rickard Liow, 2013) and parents' ratings of their child's home language ability (N = 78 English-L1, Mandarin-L1, or Malay-L1) on the BLAB: Preschool Parent Report (Pua, Lee, & Rickard Liow, 2013)...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296165/nice-to-watch-students-evaluate-online-lectures
#10
Nancy Sturman, Benjamin Mitchell, Amy Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Many clinical teachers who previously gave face-to-face lectures now record presentations for students to view asynchronously online. These teachers need to understand student expectations of online lectures (OLLs), and their place in the overall 'ecology' of student learning resources, in order to ensure that students watch, and learn from, their lectures. METHODS: We conducted focus groups with a convenience sample of medical students undertaking their general practice placements, exploring student uses, evaluations and expectations of OLLs...
March 14, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295236/pharmacology-and-therapeutics-education-in-eu-needs-harmonisation-and-modernisation-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-185-medical-schools-in-27-countries
#11
D J Brinkman, J Tichelaar, M Okorie, L Bissell, T Christiaens, R Likic, R Mačiulaitis, J Costa, E J Sanz, B I Tamba, S R Maxwell, M C Richir, M A van Agtmael
Effective teaching in pharmacology and clinical pharmacology and therapeutics (CPT) is necessary to make medical students competent prescribers. However, the current structure, delivery and assessment of CPT education in the European Union (EU) is unknown. We sent an online questionnaire to teachers with overall responsibility for CPT education in EU medical schools. Questions focused on undergraduate teaching and assessment of CPT, and students' preparedness for prescribing. 185 medical schools (64%) from 27 EU countries responded...
March 15, 2017: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292745/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-training-in-schools-following-8%C3%A2-years-of-mandating-legislation-in-denmark-a-nationwide-survey
#12
Carolina Malta Hansen, Line Zinckernagel, Annette Kjær Ersbøll, Tine Tjørnhøj-Thomsen, Mads Wissenberg, Freddy Knudsen Lippert, Peter Weeke, Gunnar Hilmar Gislason, Lars Køber, Christian Torp-Pedersen, Fredrik Folke
BACKGROUND: School cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training has become mandatory in many countries, but whether legislation has translated into implementation of CPR training is largely unknown. We assessed CPR training of students following 8 years of legislative mandates in Denmark. METHODS AND RESULTS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey of Danish school leadership (n=1240) and ninth-grade homeroom teachers (n=1381) was carried out for school year 2013-2014...
March 14, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291295/-association-between-parenting-styles-and-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#13
Esra Çöp, S Ebru Çengel Kültür, Gülser Şenses Dinç
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study characteristics of child and mother reported parenting styles of children with Attention Deficit Hyperacitivity Disorder (ADHD) and association of parenting styles of mothers with demographic and clinical variables like ADHD symptoms, sex, age, ADHD subtype, and comorbidity. METHOD: 58 children with ADHD and 30 healthy children were included in this study. All children were assessed by The Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School Aged Children- Present and Lifetime Version...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287827/intensive-care-unit-educators-a-multicenter-evaluation-of-behaviors-residents-value-in-attendings
#14
Lekshmi Santhosh, Snigdha Jain, Anna Brady, Michelle Sharp, W Graham Carlos
RATIONALE: It is important for attendings to know which behaviors influence learner perceptions. To date, two studies focusing on general medicine attendings have been published addressing internal medicine residents' perceptions of attendings; there are no data on intensive care unit (ICU) attendings. OBJECTIVES: We sought to expand the evidence regarding this topic through a multicenter study at four geographically diverse academic medical centers. Our study focused on identifying the teaching behaviors of ICU physicians that learners observe in attendings they value as effective educators...
March 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287826/honing-in-on-the-social-difficulties-associated-with-sluggish-cognitive-tempo-in-children-withdrawal-peer-ignoring-and-low-engagement
#15
Stephen P Becker, Annie A Garner, Leanne Tamm, Tanya N Antonini, Jeffery N Epstein
Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms are associated with social difficulties in children, though findings are mixed and many studies have used global measures of social impairment. The present study tested the hypothesis that SCT would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by withdrawal and isolation, whereas attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms would be uniquely associated with aspects of social functioning characterized by inappropriate responding in social situations and active peer exclusion...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283044/fun-influence-and-competence-a-mixed-methods-study-of-prerequisites-for-high-school-students-participation-in-physical-education
#16
Eirik Abildsnes, Gudrun Rohde, Sveinung Berntsen, Tonje H Stea
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents do not reach the recommended levels of physical activity (PA), and students attending vocational studies are less committed to take part in physical education (PE) than other students. The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to examine differences in physical activity, diet, smoking habits, sleep and screen time among Norwegian vocational high school students who selected either a PE model focusing on PA skills, technique and improvement of physical performance ("Sports enjoyment") or more on health, play and having fun when participating in PE lessons ("Motion enjoyment"), and 2) to explore the students' experiences with PE programs...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278596/diagnostic-efficiency-of-the-child-and-adolescent-symptom-inventory-casi-4r-depression-subscale-for-identifying-youth-mood-disorders
#17
Stephanie Salcedo, Yen-Ling Chen, Eric A Youngstrom, Mary A Fristad, Kenneth D Gadow, Sarah M Horwitz, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary L Phillips, Boris Birmaher, Robert A Kowatch, Robert L Findling
This study examined the diagnostic and clinical utility of the Child and Adolescent Symptom Inventory-4 R (CASI-4 R) Depressive and Dysthymia subscale for detecting mood disorders in youth (ages 6-12; M = 9.37) visiting outpatient mental health clinics. Secondary analyses (N = 700) utilized baseline data from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms study. Semistructured interviews with youth participants and their parents/caregivers determined psychiatric diagnoses. Caregivers and teachers completed the CASI-4 R...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278595/father-and-youth-reported-family-affective-expression-differentially-predicts-youth-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#18
Jill A Rabinowitz, Ijeoma Osigwe, Ashley Byrne, Deborah A G Drabick, Maureen D Reynolds
Temperamental approach is associated with adolescent internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Negative family affective expression, or problematic communication about emotions, is also associated with youth's risk for symptoms. However, it is unclear whether negative family affective expression differentially predicts symptoms based on (a) youth's temperamental approach and (b) informants' perceptions of negative family affective expression. To address these issues, we explored whether mother-, father-, and youth-reported negative family affective expression moderated the relation between youth temperamental approach and symptoms...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274271/cross-sectional-study-of-social-behaviors-in-preschool-children-and-exposure-to-flame-retardants
#19
Shannon T Lipscomb, Megan M McClelland, Megan MacDonald, Andres Cardenas, Kim A Anderson, Molly L Kile
BACKGROUND: Children are exposed to flame retardants from the built environment. Brominated diphenyl ethers (BDE) and organophosphate-based flame retardants (OPFRs) are associated with poorer neurocognitive functioning in children. Less is known, however, about the association between these classes of compounds and children's emotional and social behaviors. The objective of this study was to determine if flame retardant exposure was associated with measurable differences in social behaviors among children ages 3-5 years...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273984/study-of-risk-factors-for-development-of-voice-disorders-and-its-impact-on-the-quality-of-life-of-school-teachers-in-mangalore-india
#20
Arati Alva, Megna Machado, Kiran Bhojwani, Suja Sreedharan
INTRODUCTION: School teachers are most prone to the development and detrimental effects of voice disorders as a consequence of their work. The risk factors for development of dysphonia in teachers are multifactorial. AIM: The primary aim of our study was to investigate the various risk factors that influence the onset and progression of voice disorders in school teachers in the Indian context. We wanted to assess the effect of voice problems on the physical, psychosocial and functional aspect of a teacher's life...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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