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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346700/competence-revisited-in-a-rural-context
#1
Randall L Longenecker, Andrea Wendling, Joyce Hollander-Rodriguez, John Bowling, David Schmitz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: General competencies developed in undergraduate and graduate medical education are sometimes promoted as applicable in any practice context. However, rural practice presents challenges and opportunities that may require unique training. The objectives of this national survey of both undergraduate and graduate medical educators and practicing physicians were to further develop a previously published list of competency domains for working in rural communities and to assess their relative importance in education and practice...
January 2018: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344462/introducing-mentoring-to-1st-year-medical-students-of-a-private-medical-college-in-north-india-a-pilot-study
#2
Sahiba Kukreja, Namrata Chhabra, Amandeep Kaur, Rohit Arora, Tejinder Singh
Background: The stress of complex medical course, emotional immaturity, and adaptations to new surroundings are the challenges faced by the new medical entrants. Therefore, mentorship program was introduced to support them for their academic and personal development. Aim and Objectives: The aim of this study is to introduce and to assess the perception of mentors and mentees on mentorship program. Materials and Methods: A mentorship program was designed for Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) First Professional students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344456/early-clinical-exposure-as-a-learning-tool-to-teach-neuroanatomy-for-first-year-mbbs-students
#3
Maitreyee Kar, Chinmaya Kar, Hironmoy Roy, Parmod Goyal
Context: Early clinical exposure (ECE) is one of the important tools to teach basic science to the MBBS students. It is one form of vertical integration between basic science and clinical subjects. This study is an effort at exploring the use of ECE as a motivational tool toward better learning in neuroanatomy for first year MBBS students. Aim: This study aims to make the students interested and motivated to study neuroanatomy by using ECE as learning tool in neuroanatomy and to make the students enable to retain the knowledge of neuroanatomy more efficiently and correlate the knowledge of neuroanatomy with neuromedicine...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344455/qualitative-assessment-of-learning-strategies-among-medical-students-using-focus-group-discussions-and-in-depth-interviews
#4
Anuradha Sujai Joshi, Jaishree Deepak Ganjiwale, Jagdish Varma, Praveen Singh, Jyoti Nath Modi, Tejinder Singh
Background: Globally, students with top academic performance and high intellectual capacity usually opt to study medicine. However, once students get enrolled, their academic performance varies widely. Such variations appear to be determined by various factors, one of them being types of learning strategies adopted by students. The learning strategies utilized by the students with better academic performance are likely to be more effective learning strategies. Aims and Objectives: The objective is to identify effective learning strategies used by medical students...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344452/the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-mini-clinical-evaluation-exercise-as-a-learning-tool-for-pediatric-postgraduate-students
#5
Sarika Gupta, Monika Sharma, Tejinder Singh
Background: The mini-clinical evaluation exercise (Mini-CEX) is a valid and reliable tool that facilitates the assessment of skills essential for a physician and provision of immediate feedback. Aims: This study aimed to assess the acceptability and feasibility of Mini-CEX as a learning tool for pediatric residents. Materials and Methods: Following the sensitization with the concept of Mini-CEX, the actual process of assessment of residents was done using the "standardized American Board of Internal Medicine Mini-CEX evaluation form...
December 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344043/assessment-of-the-midwifery-students-clinical-competency-before-internship-program-in-the-field-based-on-the-objective-structured-clinical-examination
#6
Narges Malakooti, Parvin Bahadoran, Soheyla Ehsanpoor
Background: One of the important goals of clinical education is to promote the level of students' clinical skills. About 50% of the midwifery education is focused on clinical education, which has a great importance in shaping the professional skills of the students. The aim of this study was to determine the ability of students in some practical skills, before internship program in the field, using objective structured clinical examination (OSCE). Materials and Methods: This research was a descriptive cross-sectional study with a single-stage, multivariate prospective design...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343961/receiver-operating-characteristic-curve-analysis-of-the-child-behavior-checklist-and-teacher-s-report-form-for-assessing-autism-spectrum-disorder-in-preschool-aged-children
#7
Tiago S Bara, Antonio C Farias, Erico Pg Felden, Mara L Cordeiro
Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social, behavioral, and communication impairments with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 68 school-aged children. There is a need for objective and easily applicable instruments for early identification of autistic children to enable initiation of early interventions during a very sensitive period of brain development and, consequently, optimize prognosis. Here, we tested the utility of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Caregiver-Teacher's Report Form (C-TRF) scales for assessing ASD in Brazil, where ASD screening research is emergent...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343283/the-classroom-communication-resource-ccr-intervention-to-change-peer-s-attitudes-towards-children-who-stutter-cws-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Rizwana Mallick, Harsha Kathard, Lehana Thabane, Mershen Pillay
BACKGROUND: Children who stutter (CWS) are at a high-risk of being teased and bullied in primary school because of negative peer attitudes and perceptions towards stuttering. There is little evidence to determine if classroom-based interventions are effective in changing peer attitudes towards stuttering. The primary objective is to determine the effect of the Classroom Communication Resource (CCR) intervention versus usual practice, measured using the Stuttering Resource Outcomes Measure (SROM) 6-months post-intervention among grade 7 students...
January 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341810/beyond-formative-assessments-to-enrich-student-learning
#9
Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Patangi K Rangachari
Formative assessments can enhance and enrich student learning. Typically, these have been used to provide feedback against end-of-course standards and prepare students for summative assessments of performance or measurement of competence. Here, we present the case for using assessments for learning to encompass a wider range of important outcomes. We discuss 1) the rationale for using assessment for learning; 2) guiding theories of expertise that inform assessment for learning; 3) theoretical and empirical evidence; 4) approaches to rigor and validation; and 5) approaches to implementation at multiple levels of the curriculum...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341463/synthetic-phonics-and-decodable-instructional-reading-texts-how-far-do-these-support-poor-readers
#10
Ruth Maria Price-Mohr, Colin Bernard Price
This paper presents data from a quasi-experimental trial with paired randomisation that emerged during the development of a reading scheme for children in England. This trial was conducted with a group of 12 children, aged 5-6, and considered to be falling behind their peers in reading ability and a matched control group. There were two intervention conditions (A: using mixed teaching methods and a high percentage of non-phonically decodable vocabulary; P: using mixed teaching methods and low percentage of non-decodable vocabulary); allocation to these was randomised...
January 17, 2018: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338962/knowledge-on-asthma-food-allergies-and-anaphylaxis-assessment-of-elementary-school-teachers-parents-caregivers-of-asthmatic-children-and-university-students-in-uruguaiana-in-the-state-of-rio-grande-do-sul-brazil
#11
M Urrutia-Pereira, L P Mocellin, R B de Oliveira, L Simon, L Lessa, D Solé
INTRODUCTION: Allergic diseases have become an increasingly common reality in the last years, extending beyond the family context. OBJECTIVE: Assessing the level of knowledge on asthma, food allergies and anaphylaxis of asthmatic children's parents/caregivers (PC), elementary school teachers (EST) and university students (US) in Uruguaiana, RS, Brazil. METHOD: 577 individuals (PC - N=111; EST - N=177; US - N=299) took part in the study, answering the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire (validated for Portuguese) and another questionnaire on Food Allergy (FA) and anaphylaxis...
January 12, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334013/understanding-teacher-change-a-national-survey-of-u-s-physical-educators
#12
Ben D Kern, Kim C Graber
Physical education is critical to addressing childhood obesity, yet many school-based programs do not meet established quality standards and teachers are called upon to change. Little is known about how change is initiated and its associated internal and external factors. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate physical education teacher change that was self-initiated and externally initiated and to examine dispositions toward the change process relative to initiation. METHOD: A random national sample of physical educators representing each SHAPE America - Society of Health and Physical Educators regional district participated in a survey measuring past programming changes, primary initiators of change, and teachers' dispositions toward change...
January 15, 2018: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333643/race-sex-and-discrimination-in-school-settings-a-multilevel-analysis-of-associations-with-delinquency
#13
Brittany D Chambers, Jennifer Toller Erausquin
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a critical phase of development and experimentation with delinquent behaviors. There is a growing body of literature exploring individual and structural impacts of discrimination on health outcomes and delinquent behaviors. However, there is limited research assessing how school diversity and discrimination impact students' delinquent behaviors. In response, the purpose of this study was to assess if individual- and school-level indicators of discrimination and diversity were associated with student delinquent behaviors among African American and White students...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332759/neck-pain-in-iranian-school-teachers-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#14
Fatemeh Ehsani, Mohammad Ali Mohseni-Bandpei, César Fernández-De-Las-Peñas, Khodabakhsh Javanshir
Neck pain (NP) is a common occupational health problem associated with a number of professions. Many studies indicate that NP is common among teachers, yet no published study was found to address the prevalence and risk factors of NP in Iranian school teachers. The purpose of the current study was to assess the prevalence and risk factors for NP among school teachers in Iran. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 586 randomly selected primary and high schools teachers from 22 schools in Tehran, Iran. Point, last month, last 6 months, annual, and lifetime prevalence rates of NP were 24%, 29%, 33%, 37%, and 43%, respectively...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331960/pregnancy-loss-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-in-mexican-women
#15
Sandra A Hartasanchez, Mario Flores-Torres, Adriana Monge, Elsa Yunes, Beatriz Rodriguez, Carlos Cantu-Brito, Daniela Colaci, Hector Lamadrid-Figueroa, Ruy Lopez-Ridaura, Martin Lajous
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease in women often develops without conventional risk factors. Prenatal loss is a common pregnancy outcome that may result in physiological changes can increase the potential future risk of cardiovascular disease. Insufficient information exists regarding the impact of pregnancy loss on early markers of cardiovascular disease risk. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis of 1767 disease-free women from the MTC (Mexican Teachers' Cohort) who had been pregnant was used to evaluate the relationship between pregnancy loss and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
January 13, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325661/facebook-the-use-of-social-media-to-engage-parents-in-a-preschool-obesity-prevention-curriculum
#16
Taren M Swindle, Wendy L Ward, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the use of Facebook to deliver health-related education materials to augment a preschool classroom-based obesity prevention curriculum. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, mixed methods (descriptive and interviews). SETTING: Head Start classrooms administered by 2 large agencies (1 rural and 1 urban). PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of parents in 13 classrooms (cohort 1, 3 classrooms; cohort 2, 10 classrooms)...
January 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324397/serum-levels-of-cortisol-dehydroepiandrosterone-and-oxytocin-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-combined-presentation-with-and-without-comorbid-conduct-disorder
#17
Ümit Işık, Ayhan Bilgiç, Aysun Toker, Ibrahim Kılınç
The present study aimed to investigate serum cortisol, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), and oxytocin levels of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) combined presentation and those diagnosed with ADHD combined presentation and coexisting conduct disorder. A total of 74 drug-naive children with ADHD combined presentation alone, 32 children with ADHD combined presentation + conduct disorder, and 42 healthy controls were included. The severities of ADHD and conduct disorder symptoms were assessed via parent- and teacher-rated questionnaires...
January 2, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322822/assessment-of-aided-language-comprehension-and-use-in-children-and-adolescents-with-severe-speech-and-motor-impairments
#18
Beata Batorowicz, Kristine Stadskleiv, Gregor Renner, Annika Dahlgren Sandberg, Stephen von Tetzchner
There is limited knowledge about aided language comprehension and use in children who use aided communication and who are considered to have a relatively good comprehension of spoken language. This study's purpose was to assess their aided language skills. The participants were 96 children and adolescents who used communication aids (aided group) and 73 children and adolescents with natural speech (reference group), aged 5 to 15 years. All of the participants who used aided communication were regarded by their teachers or professionals as having age-appropriate language comprehension...
January 11, 2018: Augmentative and Alternative Communication: AAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321709/the-probable-prevalence-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-of-specific-learning-disorder-in-primary-school-children-in-edirne
#19
Işık Görker, Leyla Bozatli, Ümran Korkmazlar, Meltem Yücel Karadağ, Cansın Ceylan, Ceren Söğüt, Hasan Cem Aykutlu, Büşra Subay, Nesrin Turan
Introduction: The aim of this study was to research the probable prevalence of Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) in primary school children in Edirne City and the relationships with their sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: The sample of our study was composed of 2,174 children who were educated in primary schools in second, third, and fourth grades in the academic year 2013-2014 in Edirne City. The teachers and parents of these children were given Specific Learning Difficulties Symptom Scale, Learning Disabilities Symptoms Checklist (teacher and parent forms), and sociodemographic data forms to fill in...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319358/cognitive-mechanisms-underlying-the-associations-between-inattention-and-reading-abilities
#20
Vickie Plourde, Michel Boivin, Mara Brendgen, Frank Vitaro, Philippe Robaey, Richard E Tremblay, Ginette Dionne
This study aims to test cognitive skills underlying the association between inattention and reading in early primary school. Teachers rated inattention symptoms when children (N = 523-962) were 6-7 years old. Children were assessed at age 7-8 on phonological awareness, rapid automatized naming (RAN), rapid auditory and bimodal processing, vocabulary, and reading (decoding and comprehension). Phonological awareness, RAN of numbers, and vocabulary mediated the association between inattention and both decoding and comprehension...
January 10, 2018: Developmental Neuropsychology
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