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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776902/an-internet-based-radiology-course-in-medical-school-comparison-of-academic-performance-of-students-on-campus-versus-those-with-absenteeism-due-to-residency-interviews
#1
Andrew George Alexander, Deborah Deas, Paul Eric Lyons
BACKGROUND: Imaging and its optimal use are imperative to the practice of medicine, yet many students don't receive a formal education in radiology. Concurrently, students look for ways to take time away from medical school for residency interviewing. Web-based instruction provides an opportunity to combine these imperatives using online modalities. OBJECTIVE: A largely Web-based course in radiology during the 4th year of medical school was evaluated both for its acceptance to students who needed to be away from campus for interviews, and its effectiveness on a nationally administered standardized test...
May 18, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771814/using-technology-to-enhance-teaching-of-patient-centered-interviewing-for-early-medical-students
#2
Stacey Kaltman, Nicholas Talisman, Susan Pennestri, Eleri Syverson, Paige Arthur, Yianna Vovides
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for teaching communication skills to health professions students are needed. This article describes the design and evaluation of immersive and interactive video simulations for medical students to practice basic communication skills. METHODS: Three simulations were developed, focusing on patient-centered interviewing techniques such as using open-ended questions, reflections, and empathic responses while assessing a patient's history of present illness...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769171/an-internet-resource-for-self-assessment-of-mental-health-and-health-behavior-development-and-implementation-of-the-self-assessment-kiosk
#3
Robert G Maunder, Jonathan J Hunter
BACKGROUND: Standardized measurement of physical and mental health is useful for identification of health problems. Personalized feedback of the results can influence health behavior, and treatment outcomes can be improved by monitoring feedback over time. However, few resources are available that are free for users, provide feedback from validated measurement instruments, and measure a wide range of health domains. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop an internet self-assessment resource that fills the identified gap and collects data to generate and test hypotheses about health, to test its feasibility, and to describe the characteristics of its users...
May 16, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768072/an-integrated-developmental-four-year-medical-school-curriculum-in-palliative-care-a-longitudinal-content-evaluation-based-on-national-competency-standards
#4
Erin M Denney-Koelsch, Robert Horowitz, Timothy Quill, Constance D Baldwin
BACKGROUND: While palliative care (PC) competencies for medical school graduates have been defined, the lack of established curriculum models and assessment tools hampers curricular evaluation. OBJECTIVE: To describe the scope and content of the University of Rochester's longitudinal, integrated four-year PC curriculum after 17 years of implementation, review student evaluative responses, and compare the curriculum to national competency standards. DESIGN AND SETTING: Combining and reorganizing a published PC curriculum assessment tool and a list of medical school PC competencies, we created a novel nine-topic framework to assess the content coverage of our curriculum...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766033/use-of-key-performance-indicators-to-improve-milestone-assessment-in-semi-annual-clinical-competency-committee-meetings
#5
Fei Chen, Harendra Arora, Susan M Martinelli
Background: The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education's Next Accreditation System requires residency programs to semiannually submit composite milestone data on each resident's performance. This report describes and evaluates a new assessment review procedure piloted in our departmental Clinical Competency Committee (CCC) semi-annual meeting in June 2016. Methods: A modified Delphi technique was utilized to develop key performance indicators (KPI) linking milestone descriptors to clinical practice...
October 2017: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765259/shadowing-emergency-medicine-residents-by-medical-education-specialists-to-provide-feedback-on-non-medical-knowledge-based-acgme-sub-competencies
#6
Anna L Waterbrook, Karen C Spear Ellinwood, T Gail Pritchard, Karen Bertels, Ariel C Johnson, Alice Min, Lisa R Stoneking
Objective: Non-medical knowledge-based sub-competencies (multitasking, professionalism, accountability, patient-centered communication, and team management) are challenging for a supervising emergency medicine (EM) physician to evaluate in real-time on shift while also managing a busy emergency department (ED). This study examines residents' perceptions of having a medical education specialist shadow and evaluate their nonmedical knowledge skills. Methods: Medical education specialists shadowed postgraduate year 1 and postgraduate year 2 EM residents during an ED shift once per academic year...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757346/effectiveness-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-reduce-night-time-sedative-use-in-a-rehabilitation-unit-a-pre-post-intervention-study
#7
Juliana Delos Reyes, Anthony T Sharkey, Laura Morrison, Maria Costello, Cate Crowe, Robert Murphy, Shaun T O'Keeffe, Eamon C Mulkerrin
Background: night-time sedation prescribed during a hospital stay can result in long-term use of such medications in older people. We examined the effectiveness of a multifaceted intervention to reduce night time sedation in an inpatient rehabilitation unit. Methods: an initial retrospective survey of night-time sedative use was followed by prospective re-evaluation after a number of changes were made including education of staff and of patients regarding the potential hazards of sedative medications, measures to promote sleep hygiene and facilitate a 'quiet time' after 10 pm and development of a withdrawal protocol for patients on long-term night sedation...
May 11, 2018: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756098/objectively-structured-verbal-examination-to-assess-surgical-clerkship-education-an-evaluation-of-students-perception
#8
Şükrü Aydın Düzgün, Sezgin Zeren, Zülfü Bayhan
Objective: The objectivity and reliability of examining methods are controversial. We subjected fourth-year medical students to a specially designed verbal exam which we called objectively structured verbal examination. We aimed to evaluate feedback from students about objectively structured verbal examination as an assessment instrument for gauging their surgical knowledge. Material and Methods: Objectively structured verbal examination modules were developed according to the learning goals of the surgical clerkship...
2018: Turkish Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748142/asynchronous-unsupervised-video-enhanced-feedback-as-effective-as-direct-expert-feedback-in-the-long-term-retention-of-practical-clinical-skills-randomised-trial-comparing-2-feedback-methods-in-a-cohort-of-novice-medical-students
#9
James Rammell, Joanna Matthan, Matthew Gray, Lucy R Bookless, Craig I Nesbitt, Paul Rodham, John Moss, Gerard Stansby, Alexander W Phillips
OBJECTIVES: To determine the degree of practical clinical skills' retention over a 7-week period after receiving either video-enhanced direct expert feedback (DEF) or asynchronous unsupervised video-enhanced feedback (UVF). DESIGN: A prospective single-blinded randomized trial was conducted over a 7-week period with novice medical students. Following a generic introduction, PowerPoint presentation and live demonstration of intravenous cannulation was given by an expert, and candidates performed the same task in isolation while being recorded and were randomized to receive either DEF or UVF...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747564/reduse-reducing-antipsychotic-and-benzodiazepine-prescribing-in-residential-aged-care-facilities
#10
Juanita L Westbury, Peter Gee, Tristan Ling, Donnamay T Brown, Katherine H Franks, Ivan Bindoff, Aidan Bindoff, Gregory M Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a multi-strategic, interdisciplinary intervention on antipsychotic and benzodiazepine prescribing in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). Design, setting: Prospective, longitudinal intervention in Australian RACFs, April 2014 - March 2016. PARTICIPANTS: 150 RACFs (with 12 157 residents) comprised the main participant group; two further groups were consultant pharmacists (staff education) and community pharmacies (prescribing data)...
May 14, 2018: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737187/family-systems-training-for-medical-students
#11
Hiran Thabrew
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a workshop on family systems delivered to medical students could improve participants' understanding of families from a systemic point of view and help them recognise and address systemic issues that may be affecting their patients. METHOD: Fifth year (senior) medical students ( n = 36) from the University of Auckland participated in a 90-min workshop about family systems. Pre- and post-workshop, self-reported measures of knowledge and confidence were completed and qualitative feedback was also obtained from participants...
May 1, 2018: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733352/adaptation-of-a-hospital-electronic-referral-system-for-antimicrobial-stewardship-prospective-audit-and-feedback-rounds
#12
Matthew D M Rawlins, Edward Raby, Frank M Sanfilippo, Rae Douglass, Jonathan Chambers, Duncan McLellan, John R Dyer
Objective: To evaluate the impact of the adaptation of an existing electronic referral application for use in antimicrobial stewardship prospective audit and feedback rounds (antimicrobial rounds). Design: Retrospective, single-centre observational study between March 2015 and February 2016. Setting: A new quaternary referral centre. Study Participants: Adults referred for antimicrobial rounds outside of the intensive care and haematology units...
May 4, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732601/longitudinal-ultrasound-curriculum-incorporation-at-west-virginia-university-school-of-medicine-a-description-and-graduating-students-perceptions
#13
Joseph Minardi, Holly Ressetar, Theresa Foreman, Kristen Craig, Melinda Sharon, John Bassler, Stephen Davis, Anthony Machi, Scott Cottrell, Nicolas Denne, Norman Ferrari, Kenneth Landreth, Bruce Palmer, Gregory Schaefer, Robert Tallaksen, David Wilks, Dorian Williams
OBJECTIVES: Sonography is a clinical tool being incorporated in multiple medical specialties with evidence of improved patient care and cost. Some schools have begun implementing ultrasound curricula. We hope to build upon that foundation and provide another potential framework of incorporation. There are several barriers, including curricular space, equipment and physical space, adequate faculty, and performing assessment. METHODS: At West Virginia University, we began a longitudinal ultrasound curriculum in 2012 with incorporation of didactic and practical sessions into gross anatomy, our systems-based second-year curriculum, physical diagnosis course, and clinical rotations...
May 6, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730961/assisting-the-integration-of-social-media-in-problem-based-learning-sessions-in-the-faculty-of-medicine-at-king-abdulaziz-university
#14
Zuhier A Awan, Almuatazbellah A Awan, Lana Alshawwa, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: Issues related to traditional Problem-Based Learning (PBL) at King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Medicine (KAU-FOM), including lack of student interaction between sessions and outdated instructional materials have led to the examining the use of social media. This study examines factors affecting the implementation of social media into PBL sessions Methods: Mentored social media activities were incorporated between PBL sessions to third year medical students. Ground rules were set, and students were kept on track with learning objectives and authentic references...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729857/development-of-a-patient-centered-video-series-to-improve-education-before-kidney-transplantation
#15
Nicola Rosaasen, Rahul Mainra, Azaad Kukha-Bryson, Victoria Nhin, Paraag Trivedi, Ahmed Shoker, Jay Wilson, Raj Padmanabh, Holly Mansell
BACKGROUND: Inadequate patient knowledge about transplantation can result in low patient satisfaction and contribute to poor clinical outcomes. The purpose of this patient-oriented research project was to develop an educational intervention for patients awaiting kidney transplantation. METHODS: An educational intervention was developed by patients and health care providers, experts in medication adherence, video education, motivational psychology, and cultural education...
April 26, 2018: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725559/trapped-as-a-group-escape-as-a-team-applying-gamification-to-incorporate-team-building-skills-through-an-escape-room-experience
#16
Xiao Chi Zhang, Hyunjoo Lee, Carlos Rodriguez, Joshua Rudner, Teresa M Chan, Dimitrios Papanagnou
Teamwork, a skill critical for quality patient care, is recognized as a core competency by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME). To date, there is no consensus on how to effectively teach these skills in a forum that engages learners, immerses members in life-like activities, and builds both trust and rapport. Recreational 'Escape Rooms' have gained popularity in creating a life-like environment that rewards players for working together, solving puzzles, and completing successions of mind-bending tasks in order to effectively 'escape the room' in the time allotted...
March 2, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720003/integrating-an-interprofessional-education-initiative-evidence-from-king-abdulaziz-university
#17
Almuatazbellah A Awan, Zuhier A Awan, Lana Alshawwa, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park, Ahmed Altyar
PURPOSE: This paper examines current issues with interprofessional education (IPE) at King Abdulaziz University (KAU) and discusses initiatives for integrating IPE into the medical curricula at KAU. METHODS: We reviewed the current body of literature, studied reports from IPE conferences and workshops organized at KAU, and synthesized participants' feedback from the IPE programs, including an online survey. RESULTS: A total of 506 participants responded to the online survey...
May 2, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708088/nutrition-and-public-health-in-medical-education-in-the-uk-reflections-and-next-steps
#18
Jonathan Broad, Megan Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Doctors play an important role in the identification of nutritional disorders and as advocates for a healthy diet, and although the key tenets of good nutrition education for medical students have been discussed, reports on implementation are sparse. The present commentary responds to a gap in UK medical students' understanding of nutrition and public health and suggests ways to improve it. DESIGN: We review literature about nutrition education in medical schools and discuss a 6-week elective in public health nutrition for medical students...
April 30, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707253/rrapp-a-robust-randomization-app-for-clinical-and-translational-research
#19
Chengcheng Tu, Emma K T Benn
While junior clinical researchers at academic medical institutions across the US often desire to be actively engaged in randomized-clinical trials, they often lack adequate resources and research capacity to design and implement them. This insufficiency hinders their ability to generate a rigorous randomization scheme to minimize selection bias and yield comparable groups. Moreover, there are limited online user-friendly randomization tools. Thus, we developed a free robust randomization app (RRApp). RRApp incorporates 6 major randomization techniques: simple randomization, stratified randomization, block randomization, permuted block randomization, stratified block randomization, and stratified permuted block randomization...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704194/qualitative-assessment-of-clerkship-students-perspectives-of-the-topics-of-pain-and-addiction-in-their-preclinical-curriculum
#20
Inbar Raber, Alexander Ball, Jennifer Papac, Anuj Aggarwal, Rachel Sussman, Preetha Basaviah, Jordan Newmark, Anna Lembke
OBJECTIVE: A majority of physicians feel poorly trained in the treatment of chronic pain and addiction. As such, it is critical that medical students receive appropriate education in both pain management and addiction. The purpose of this study was to assess the pre-clinical curriculum in pain medicine and addiction from the perspective of students after they had completed their pre-clinical training and to assess what they perceived as the strengths and weaknesses of their training. METHODS: The authors conducted focused interviews among clinical medical students who had completed at least 6 months of clerkships...
April 27, 2018: Academic Psychiatry
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