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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501738/performance-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-interpersonal-support-evaluation-list-isel-in-older-adults-with-complicated-grief
#1
Angela Ghesquiere, Theresa Schwartz, Yuanjia Wang, Christine Mauro, Natalia Skritskaya, M Katherine Shear
BACKGROUND: Complicated Grief (CG) is a recently recognized bereavement-related mental health disorder. Social support is commonly measured with the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL), a 40-item, 4-factor, self-report measure. Though the ISEL has been well-studied, no identified research has examined its psychometric properties or performance in older adults with CG. METHODS: We examined the psychometric properties of the ISEL in adults age ≥60 who enrolled in a psychotherapy treatment study for CG in New York City...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498576/a-critique-of-the-ultra-high-risk-and-transition-paradigm
#2
Jim van Os, Sinan Guloksuz
The transdiagnostic expression of psychotic experiences in common mental disorder (anxiety/depression/substance use disorder) is associated with a poorer prognosis, and a small minority of people may indeed develop a clinical picture that meets criteria for schizophrenia. However, it appears neither useful nor valid to observe early states of multidimensional psychopathology in young people through the "schizo"-prism, and apply misleadingly simple, unnecessary and inefficient binary concepts of "risk" and "transition"...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488251/ethnic-identity-and-regional-differences-in-mental-health-in-a-national-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#3
Monnica T Williams, Gerardo Duque, Chad T Wetterneck, L Kevin Chapman, Ryan C T DeLapp
Prior research has found that a strong positive ethnic identity is a protective factor against anxiety and depression in African Americans. In this study, ethnic identity is examined in a geographically representative sample of African American young adults (n = 242), using the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) (Phinney in J Adolescent Res 7:156-76, 15). The two-factor structure of the measure (Roberts et al. in J Early Adolescence 19:301-22, 1) was analyzed using a structural equation model and displayed an acceptable fit only when multiple error terms were correlated...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435819/psychological-disorders-among-iranian-infertile-couples-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-art
#4
Mansoureh Karimzadeh, Nasser Salsabili, Firouzeh Akbari Asbagh, Robab Teymouri, Golamreza Pourmand, Tahereh Soleimanieh Naeini
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, infertility affects 10%-15% of couples and most of them seek medical help including Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments. Undergoing ART treatments create many physical and emotional burdens. This study examined the psychological consequences of infertility in Iranian infertile males and females as well as their spouses, unlike previous studies that examined mainly females with infertility. METHODS: Subjects in this descriptive analytical design were recruited from the IVF Department of Mirza Koochak Khan Hospital and the Rouyesh Infertility Treatment Center of Tehran, Iran between Aug 2014 and Sep 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431011/the-relationship-between-pain-characteristics-peer-difficulties-and-emotional-functioning-among-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-chronic-pain-a-test-of-mediational-models
#5
Sherilynn F Chan, Mark Connelly, Dustin P Wallace
To evaluate patterns of relationships between pain characteristics, peer difficulties, and emotional functioning in a sample of adolescents seeking treatment for chronic pain. Participants were 172 adolescents (age M  = 14.88 years; 76% female, 88% White) with heterogeneous chronic pain disorders who completed measures of pain characteristics, peer difficulties, and emotional functioning before their new patient appointment in a pain management clinic. Direct and indirect relationships between variables were tested using path analysis...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401660/depression-anxiety-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviour-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-the-role-of-experiential-avoidance
#6
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Nearly one-third of individuals in treatment for substance use disorders endorse at-risk levels of compulsive sexual behaviours (CSBs). Untreated sexual compulsivity may facilitate relapse for treatment-seeking men. Previous research and theory suggest that CSBs are maintained by efforts to escape or alter negative affect (e.g., depression and anxiety). However, this hypothesis has not been examined within a sample of men in treatment for substance use disorders. In an effort to better understand CSBs within a population of men with substance use disorders, the present study is the first to examine experiential avoidance as one potential mechanism underlying the relation between men's symptoms of depression and anxiety and their use of CSBs...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394020/-we-will-never-be-normal-the-experience-of-discovering-a-partner-has-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Laura F Lewis
Online forums and lay literature suggest that partners of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience depression, distress, and trauma in their everyday lives, exacerbated during the time surrounding diagnosis. In this content analysis, 29 participants were provided with an online open-ended statement asking them to describe in writing their experiences of discovering that their partners had ASD during their relationships. Six themes emerged, including: facing unique challenges within relationships; insisting partners seek diagnosis; initial shock and relief; losing hope for normalcy; making accommodations within relationships; and wishing for professional support...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393966/-comorbidity-in-people-with-depression-seeking-help-at-primary-health-care-centers-in-santiago-chile
#8
Pablo Martínez, Graciela Rojas, Rosemarie Fritsch, Vania Martínez, Paul A Vöhringer, Ariel Castro
BACKGROUND: International evidence has shown the complex interaction between depression and chronic physical diseases. Depression in scenarios involving multiple comorbidities has not received enough attention in Chile. AIM: To characterize the depressed people who consult at Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs), taking into account the presence of chronic physical or psychiatric comorbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of databases used in a clinical trial...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388278/the-interplay-of-history-of-depression-and-craving-in-terms-of-smoking-relapse-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#9
Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Daniel J Paulus, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Elisardo Becoña, Michael J Zvolensky
BACKGROUND: Although there is an interconnection between history of major depressive disorder (HMDD) and smoking, there has been relatively limited scientific attention oriented on the interplay between HMDD and smoking maintenance processes. AIM: The current study sought to address whether HMDD and post-cessation craving interact in the prediction of relapse among treatment-seeking smokers. Separate models were evaluated as a function of sex. METHODS: Participants (N = 319, Mage = 41...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372906/comorbid-diagnoses-for-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis
#10
Jean Addington, Danijela Piskulic, Lu Liu, Jonathan Lockwood, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Thomas H McGlashan, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Carrie E Bearden, Daniel H Mathalon, Scott W Woods
Several studies have demonstrated that youth at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis have a high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Less is known about the impact of comorbid diagnoses on later conversion to psychosis and the change over time. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and distribution of psychiatric diagnoses at baseline and over time in the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study (NAPLS 2) and the role of comorbid diagnoses in conversion to psychosis. The NAPLS 2 sample consisted of 744 CHR youth and 276 healthy controls...
March 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369611/attacking-heterogeneity-in-schizophrenia-by-deriving-clinical-subgroups-from-widely-available-symptom-data
#11
Dwight Dickinson, Danielle N Pratt, Evan J Giangrande, MeiLin Grunnagle, Jennifer Orel, Daniel R Weinberger, Joseph H Callicott, Karen F Berman
Previous research has identified (1) a "deficit" subtype of schizophrenia characterized by enduring negative symptoms and diminished emotionality and (2) a "distress" subtype associated with high emotionality-including anxiety, depression, and stress sensitivity. Individuals in deficit and distress categories differ sharply in development, clinical course and behavior, and show distinct biological markers, perhaps signaling different etiologies. We tested whether deficit and distress subtypes would emerge from a simple but novel data-driven subgrouping analysis, based on Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) negative and distress symptom dimensions, and whether subgrouping was informative regarding other facets of behavior and brain function...
March 20, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367774/the-singaporean-public-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness-results-from-a-multi-ethnic-population-based-study
#12
S Pang, M Subramaniam, S P Lee, Y W Lau, E Abdin, B Y Chua, L Picco, J A Vaingankar, S A Chong
AIMS: To identify the common causal beliefs of mental illness in a multi-ethnic Southeast Asian community and describe the sociodemographic associations to said beliefs. The factor structure to the causal beliefs scale is explored. The causal beliefs relating to five different mental illnesses (alcohol abuse, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), dementia and schizophrenia) and desire for social distance are also investigated. METHODS: Data from 3006 participants from a nationwide vignette-based study on mental health literacy were analysed using factor analysis and multiple logistic regression to address the aims...
April 3, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355928/measurement-properties-of-mental-health-literacy-tools-measuring-help-seeking-a-systematic-review
#13
Yifeng Wei, Patrick J McGrath, Jill Hayden, Stan Kutcher
BACKGROUND: Mental health literacy is important to improve help-seeking behaviors. However, the quality of mental health help-seeking tools remains unknown. AIMS: We conducted a systematic review to appraise the quality of such tools. METHODS: We searched databases for English publications addressing psychometrics of help-seeking tools. We included help-seeking tools addressing mental health in general and tools on four mental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and schizophrenia...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337154/the-reciprocal-relationship-between-suicidality-and-stigma
#14
REVIEW
Bernardo Carpiniello, Federica Pinna
INTRODUCTION: Although suicidality is frequently the cause of stigma, it is conversely true that stigma may be the cause of suicidality. The present paper focuses on the complex relationships that exist between suicidal behavior and stigmatizing attitudes. METHODS: A narrative review of the topic will be presented on the basis of the relevant literature collected from an electronic search of PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases, using stigma, public stigma, structural stigma, perceived stigma, self-stigma, suicide, attempted suicide, and suicidality as key words...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319785/the-long-and-complex-road-in-the-search-for-treatment-for-mental-disorders-an-analysis-of-the-process-in-five-groups-of-patients
#15
Gema Del Valle, Amparo Belloch, Carmen Carrió
Seeking treatment for mental-health problems is a complex process, with different underlying motives in each stage. However, the entire process and these motives have hardly been investigated. This study aims to analyze the different stages of the help-seeking process and their underlying motives in five groups of patients with different mental disorders. In all, 156 patients seeking treatment in outpatient mental health clinics were individually interviewed: 71 had Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), 21 had Agoraphobia (AGO), 18 had Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), 20 had Anorexia Nervosa (AN), and 22 had Cocaine Dependence (COC)...
March 15, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266244/psychopathological-temperamental-and-characteristic-factors-in-adults-with-remaining-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-symptoms
#16
Kyoung Min Kim, Sojeong Nam, Soo Yeon Kim, Soo Min Lee, Jae-Won Choi, Taewoong Kang, Jun Won Kim
OBJECTIVES: To investigate differences in psychopathological, temperamental and characteristic factors between young adults with and without persistent Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms. METHODS: A total of 429 university students were divided into three groups: persistent adult ADHD (n = 53), only childhood ADHD (n = 56) and healthy controls (n = 320). The Korean Adult ADHD Scale, Korean Wender-Utah Rating Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Beck Anxiety Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, Korean Young Internet Addiction Scale, and Temperament Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R; based on Cloninger's seven factor model of temperament and character) were used to evaluate psychopathological factors...
March 7, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215661/post-deployment-screening-for-mental-disorders-and-tailored-advice-about-help-seeking-in-the-uk-military-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Roberto J Rona, Howard Burdett, Mizanur Khondoker, Melanie Chesnokov, Kevin Green, David Pernet, Norman Jones, Neil Greenberg, Simon Wessely, Nicola T Fear
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of post-deployment screening for mental disorders has not been assessed in a randomised controlled trial. We aimed to assess whether post-deployment screening for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, or alcohol misuse was effective. We defined screening as the presumptive identification of a previously unrecognised disorder using tests to distinguish those who probably had the disorder from those who probably did not so that those people with a probable disorder could be referred appropriately, and assessed effectiveness and consequences for help-seeking by the odds ratio at follow-up between those receiving tailored help-seeking advice and those who received general mental health advice...
April 8, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206803/mental-health-treatment-utilization-in-oif-oef-national-guard-and-reserve-troops-with-and-without-dsm-diagnoses
#18
Jennifer M Primack, Brian Borsari, Madeline B Benz, Madhavi K Reddy, M Tracie Shea
Military service members have an increased risk of developing mental health (MH) problems following deployment to Iraq or Afghanistan, yet only a small percentage seek mental health treatment. The aim of the present study was to explore patterns of MH service utilization within the first 12 months following return from combat deployment. Participants were 169 service members who had returned from war-zone deployment in either Iraq or Afghanistan and had assessments covering a 12-month period following their homecoming...
2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201957/chilean-men-exposed-to-the-major-earthquake-in-2010
#19
Oscar Labra, Danielle Maltais, Gilles Tremblay
The article presents the results of a study involving 18 men, 4 years after one of South America's most powerful natural disasters: An earthquake occurring off the coast of Chile in February 2010. Participants reported having developed new psychological health problems in the months following the catastrophe. The manifestations most frequently reported by participants were the presence of depressive and stress symptoms, as well as sleep disorders. The majority of participants registered scores of 33 and above on the Impact of Event Scale-Revised, indicating that they were suffering from posttraumatic stress...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192822/-tinnitus-clinical-symptoms-and-therapy
#20
Birgit Mazurek, Agnieszka J Szczepek, Petra Brüggemann
Tinnitus is a phantom sound that can be a symptom of various disorders such as hearing loss, cardiovascular diseases, neurological disorders, diabetes or tumors. Because of the inability to divert the auditory attention from tinnitus sound, patients suffer with insomnia, problems with concentration and other psychological conditions, in some extreme cases including major depression symptoms. The auditory character of tinnitus induces the patients to seek help predominantly at the otolaryngologist practice. The first aim of a physician is to establish the cause of tinnitus and to measure its audiological properties...
January 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
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