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depressive disorder and seeking help

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771757/teaching-mental-health-first-aid-in-the-school-setting-a-novel-approach-to-improving-outcomes-for-common-adolescent-mental-disorders
#1
Laura M Hart, Georgina R Cox, Lucy Lees
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Common adolescent mental disorders, such as depression, often go untreated and severely impact health and educational outcomes. The purpose of this review is to describe what is currently known about school-based mental health interventions and to describe a new intervention, Mental Health First Aid training. RECENT FINDINGS: Universal and selective prevention and treatment programmes have been widely evaluated, though population-level dissemination remains elusive...
May 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762767/concerns-and-help-seeking-among-patients-using-opioids-for-management-of-chronic-noncancer-pain
#2
Briony Larance, Gabrielle Campbell, Teleri Moore, Suzanne Nielsen, Raimondo Bruno, Nicholas Lintzeris, Milton Cohen, Wayne Hall, Richard Mattick, Courtney O'Donnell, Louisa Degenhardt
Background: The safety and efficacy of long-term opioid treatment for chronic noncancer pain (CNCP) remains controversial. This study examined whether patients who report problematic opioid use sought help and/or perceived barriers to help-seeking. Methods: Data were collected from 1,086 people prescribed opioids for CNCP via a large prospective cohort called the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) study. Patients' characteristics and help-seeking were examined according to scores on the Prescribed Opioids Difficulties Scale (PODS)...
May 11, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760770/mental-health-literacy-knowledge-of-depression-among-undergraduate-students-in-hanoi-vietnam
#3
Quynh Chi Nguyen Thai, Thanh Huong Nguyen
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) refers to an individuals' knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders that aid their recognition, management, and prevention. This study aims to investigate the MHL of depression among public health and sociology undergraduate students in Hanoi, Vietnam. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out from May to September 2015. Data was collected using an anonymous, self-administered questionnaire distributed to 350 undergraduate students (213 public health majors; 137 sociology majors)...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760253/deprescribing-benzodiazepine-receptor-agonists-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guideline
#4
Kevin Pottie, Wade Thompson, Simon Davies, Jean Grenier, Cheryl A Sadowski, Vivian Welch, Anne Holbrook, Cynthia Boyd, Robert Swenson, Andy Ma, Barbara Farrell
OBJECTIVE: To develop an evidence-based guideline to help clinicians make decisions about when and how to safely taper and stop benzodiazepine receptor agonists (BZRAs); to focus on the highest level of evidence available and seek input from primary care professionals in the guideline development, review, and endorsement processes. METHODS: The overall team comprised 8 clinicians (1 family physician, 2 psychiatrists, 1 clinical psychologist, 1 clinical pharmacologist, 2 clinical pharmacists, and 1 geriatrician) and a methodologist; members disclosed conflicts of interest...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746695/finding-the-forgotten-motivating-military-veterans-to-register-with-a-primary-healthcare-practice
#5
Alan Finnegan, Robin Jackson, Robin Simpson
Introduction: In the UK, primary healthcare practices choose from a series of Read codes to detail certain characteristics onto a patient's medical documentation. One of these codes is for military veterans indicating a history relating to military service. However, veterans are poor at seeking help, with research indicating that this code is only applied in 7.9% of cases. Clinical staff have a clear role in motivating veterans to declare their ex-Forces status or register with a primary healthcare center...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740952/help-seeking-beliefs-for-mental-disorders-among-medical-and-nursing-students
#6
Louisa Picco, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Swapna Verma, Huiting Xie, Jia Wang, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
AIM: The current study aimed to investigate beliefs about help-seeking, treatment options and expected outcomes for people with alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach, among a sample of nursing and medical students. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online study among medical and nursing students (n = 1002) who were randomly assigned 1 of 5 vignettes. Questions were asked about whom could best help the person in the vignette, the likely helpfulness of a broad range of interventions, and the likely outcome for the person in the vignette with and without appropriate help...
May 9, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729499/examining-predictors-of-help-seeking-behaviours-in-patients-with-mood-and-anxiety-symptoms
#7
A Fine, K Nasiri, K Fotinos, L Anand, M Furtado, R S Armata, K Badali, J Mincer, M Mincer, I Epstein, C Cameron, A Guthrie, S Cook, B Laidlaw, T Sternat, M A Katzman
Relatively little is known about individual characteristics that factor into the decision to seek help for mood and anxiety symptoms. The current study was undertaken in order to examine factors that predict the likelihood of seeking help for mood and anxiety symptoms amongst a clinical population. Patients (N = 278) referred to a tertiary care clinic in Toronto, Canada were asked about their help-seeking behaviours (HSB) through initial intake assessments and self-administered questionnaires, including the Beck Anxiety Inventory, Anxiety Sensitivity Index, Intolerance of Uncertainty Scale, and Beck Depression Inventory-II...
April 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689505/childhood-adversities-as-predictors-of-improvement-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-global-functioning-in-solution-focused-and-short-and-long-term-psychodynamic-psychotherapy-during-a-5-year-follow-up
#8
Erkki Heinonen, Paul Knekt, Tommi Härkänen, Esa Virtala, Olavi Lindfors
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversities are frequent among adults who seek treatment for depression or anxiety. These disorders are commonly treated by psychotherapy. Yet it is not known if specific types or durations of psychotherapy are particularly suited for patients who have suffered various early adversities. METHODS: 221 depressed and anxious adult outpatients from community, student, occupational, and private healthcare services filled the Childhood Family Atmosphere Questionnaire...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679153/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-recognizing-personal-mental-illness-and-seeking-help-a-prospective-study-among-untreated-persons-with-mental-illness
#9
Georg Schomerus, Susanne Stolzenburg, Simone Freitag, Sven Speerforck, Deborah Janowitz, Sara Evans-Lacko, Holger Muehlan, Silke Schmidt
It is unclear to what extent failure to recognize symptoms as potential sign of a mental illness is impeding service use, and how stigmatizing attitudes interfere with this process. In a prospective study, we followed a community sample of 188 currently untreated persons with mental illness (predominantly depression) over 6 months. We examined how lack of knowledge, prejudice and discrimination impacted on self-identification as having a mental illness, perceived need, intention to seek help, and help-seeking, both with respect to primary care (visiting a general practitioner, GP) and specialist care (seeing a mental health professional, MHP)...
April 20, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#10
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620392/randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-culturally-adapted-program-for-latinas-with-binge-eating
#11
Fary M Cachelin, Virginia Gil-Rivas, Brooke Palmer, Alyssa Vela, Phoutdavone Phimphasone, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Hazel Tapp
Binge eating disorder (BED) is the most prevalent eating disorder among Latinas. Furthermore, Latinas report more frequent binge eating and higher levels of associated mental health symptoms as compared with non-Latino White women. Research demonstrates that Latinas' eating problems largely go undetected and untreated and that they face numerous barriers to seeking professional help. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)-based guided self-help (CBTgsh) for binge eating is a more affordable and disseminable intervention than traditional CBT treatment...
April 5, 2018: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578729/mental-health-disorders-and-mental-health-problems-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#12
Shauna Stahlman, Alexis A Oetting
Mental health disorders have historically accounted for significant morbidity, healthcare utilization, disability, and attrition from military service. From 2007 through 2016, a total of 853,060 active component service members were diagnosed with at least one mental health disorder and 115,378 were diagnosed with mental health problems related to family/support group problems, maltreatment, lifestyle problems, or substance abuse counseling. Annual incidence rates of at least one mental health disorder decreased by approximately 6...
March 2018: MSMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530479/how-do-mental-health-first-aid-%C3%A2-interventions-influence-patient-help-seeking-behaviours-a-dilemma-for-pharmacist-mental-health-first-aid-responders
#13
Azmeta Chowdhary, Victoria Zlotnikova, Cherie Lucas, John M Lonie
In any given year approximately 34% of the 130 million adults in the United States suffer from a mental health condition or disorder. Anxiety and depressive disorders are the most common followed by substance use disorder. Many people who suffer from a mental illness do not seek help. Studies have shown that the stigma of being perceived as having a mental illness prevents many adults from seeking help. Mental Health First Aid ™ (MHFA) is an educational program geared towards educating MHFA responders to assist those who may be experiencing a mental health condition or disorder...
February 27, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529413/correlation-between-levels-of-delusional-beliefs-and-perfusion-of-the-hippocampus-and-an-associated-network-in-a-non-help-seeking-population
#14
Rick P F Wolthusen, Garth Coombs, Emily A Boeke, Stefan Ehrlich, Stephanie N DeCross, Shahin Nasr, Daphne J Holt
BACKGROUND: Delusions are a defining and common symptom of psychotic disorders. Recent evidence suggests that subclinical and clinical delusions may represent distinct stages on a phenomenological and biological continuum. However, few studies have tested whether subclinical psychotic experiences are associated with neural changes that are similar to those observed in clinical psychosis. For example, it is unclear if overactivity of the hippocampus, a replicated finding of neuroimaging studies of schizophrenia, is also present in individuals with subclinical psychotic symptoms...
February 2018: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524908/going-direct-to-the-consumer-examining-treatment-preferences-for-veterans-with-insomnia-ptsd-and-depression
#15
Cassidy A Gutner, Eric R Pedersen, Sean P A Drummond
Inclusion of consumer preferences to disseminate evidence-based psychosocial treatment (EBPT) is crucial to effectively bridge the science-to-practice quality chasm. We examined this treatment gap for insomnia, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and comorbid symptoms in a sample of 622 young adult veterans through preference in symptom focus, treatment modality, and related gender differences among those screening positive for each problem. Data were collected from veteran drinkers recruited through targeted Facebook advertisements as part of a brief online alcohol intervention...
May 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518618/the-interplay-of-etiological-knowledge-and-mental-illness-stigma-on-healthcare-utilisation-in-the-community-a-structural-equation-model
#16
N Schnyder, C Michel, R Panczak, S Ochsenbein, B G Schimmelmann, F Schultze-Lutter
BACKGROUND: The stigma of mental illness, especially personal attitudes towards psychiatric patients and mental health help-seeking, is an important barrier in healthcare utilisation. These attitudes are not independent of each other and are also influenced by other factors, such as mental health literacy, especially the public's causal explanations for mental problems. We aimed to disentangle the interrelations between the different aspects of stigma and causal explanations with respect to their association with healthcare utilisation...
March 6, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487544/are-drinking-motives-universal-characteristics-of-motive-types-in-alcohol-dependent-men-from-two-diverse-populations
#17
Verena Ertl, Melissa Preuße, Frank Neuner
Background and Aims: Since alcohol use disorders are among the most prevalent and destructive mental disorders, it is critical to address factors contributing to their development and maintenance. Drinking motives are relevant driving factors for consumption. Identifying groups of drinkers with similar motivations may help to specialize intervention components and make treatment more effective and efficient. We aimed to identify and describe distinct motive types of drinkers in dependent males from two diverse cultures (Uganda and Germany) and to explore potential differences and similarities in addiction-related measures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467817/mental-health-literacy-what-do-nigerian-adolescents-know-about-depression
#18
Deborah O Aluh, Obinna C Anyachebelu, Chibueze Anosike, Ezinne L Anizoba
Background: Depression is a leading cause of disability and has been projected to become the 2nd most burdensome disease by the year 2020; depression has also been found to be the strongest single risk factor for attempted or completed suicides. Adolescent-onset mood disorders are frequently unrecognized or misdiagnosed and often go untreated. While there is a growing literature on the mental health literacy of adults, there has not been a parallel interest in the mental health literacy of young people in Nigeria...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407726/clinical-predictors-of-gaming-abstinence-in-help-seeking-adult-problematic-gamers
#20
Daniel L King, Cam Adair, John B Saunders, Paul H Delfabbro
Research into the effectiveness of interventions for problematic gaming has been limited by a lack of data concerning the clinical characteristics of voluntary treatment-seekers; the nature and history of their gaming problems; and, their reasons for seeking help. The study aimed to identify variables predictive of short-term commitment to gaming abstinence following initial voluntary contact with an online help service. A total of 186 adult gamers with gaming-related problems were recruited online. Participants completed the DSM-5 Internet gaming disorder (IGD) checklist, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales-21, Internet Gaming Cognition Scale, Gaming Craving Scale, and Gaming Quality of Life Scale...
March 2018: Psychiatry Research
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