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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904815/predictors-help-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-coverage-for-depression-in-adults-in-sehore-district-india
#1
Rahul Shidhaye, Tanica Lyngdoh, Vaibhav Murhar, Sandesh Samudre, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: National Mental Health Survey found that in India, the point prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 2.7% and the treatment gap was 85.2%, whereas in Madhya Pradesh the point prevalence of MDD was 1.4% and the treatment gap was 80%. AIMS: To describe the baseline prevalence of depression among adults, association of various demographic and socioeconomic variables with depression and estimation of contact coverage for the same. METHOD: Population-based cross-sectional survey of 3220 adults in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868945/social-phobia-depression-and-eating-disorders-during-middle-adolescence-longitudinal-associations-and-treatment-seeking
#2
Klaus Ranta, Juha Väänänen, Sari Fröjd, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal associations between social phobia (SP), depression and eating disorders (EDs), and the impact of antecedent SP and depression on subsequent treatment seeking for EDs have rarely been explored in prospective adolescent population studies. AIM: We aimed to examine these associations in a large-scale follow-up study among middle adolescents. METHOD: We surveyed 3278 Finnish adolescents with a mean age of 15 years for these disorders...
September 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866720/medical-students-and-stigma-of-depression-part-2-self-stigma
#3
REVIEW
Julia Suwalska, Aleksandra Suwalska, Marta Szczygieł, Dorota Łojko
Up to 30% of medical students suffer from depression. They have better access to healthcare, but still receive appropriate treatment less frequently than people with depression in the general population. Most of them do not seek medical help as depression is perceived as a stigmatizing disorder, which leads to self-stigma and hampers early diagnosis and treatment. Thus, self-stigma means less effective therapy, unfavorable prognosis and relapses. According to the literature, self-stigma results in lowered self-esteem and is a major obstacle in the performance of social roles at work and in personal life...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#4
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#5
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#6
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#7
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795914/domestic-violence-and-mental-health-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-women-seeking-help-from-domestic-violence-support-services
#8
Giulia Ferrari, Roxane Agnew-Davies, Jayne Bailey, Louise Howard, Emma Howarth, Tim J Peters, Lynnmarie Sardinha, Gene Solomon Feder
Background Domestic violence and abuse (DVA) are associated with increased risk of mental illness, but we know little about the mental health of female DVA survivors seeking support from domestic violence services. Objective Our goal was to characterise the demography and mental health of women who access specialist DVA services in the United Kingdom and to investigate associations between severity of abuse and measures of mental health and health state utility, accounting for important confounders and moderators...
December 2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766092/facilitators-and-barriers-to-disclosure-of-postpartum-mood-disorder-symptoms-to-a-healthcare-provider
#9
Betty-Shannon Prevatt, Sarah L Desmarais
Objectives This study explored perceived barriers and facilitators to disclosure of postpartum mood disorder (PPMD) symptoms to healthcare professionals among a community-based sample. Methods A sample of predominantly white, middle class, partnered, adult women from an urban area in the southeast United States (n = 211) within 3 years postpartum participated in an online survey including the Perceived Barriers to Treatment Scale, the Maternity Social Support Scale, the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales-21, and items querying PPMD disclosure...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748306/low-emotion-oriented-coping-and-informal-help-seeking-behaviour-as-major-predictive-factors-for-improvement-in-major-depression-at-5-year-follow-up-in-the-adult-community
#10
S Rodgers, C L Vandeleur, M-P F Strippoli, E Castelao, A Tesic, J Glaus, A M Lasserre, M Müller, W Rössler, V Ajdacic-Gross, M Preisig
PURPOSE: Given the broad range of biopsychosocial difficulties resulting from major depressive disorder (MDD), reliable evidence for predictors of improved mental health is essential, particularly from unbiased prospective community samples. Consequently, a broad spectrum of potential clinical and non-clinical predictors of improved mental health, defined as an absence of current major depressive episode (MDE) at follow-up, were examined over a 5-year period in an adult community sample...
July 26, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747237/mental-health-care-utilisation-among-internally-displaced-persons-in-ukraine-results-from-a-nation-wide-survey
#11
B Roberts, N Makhashvili, J Javakhishvili, A Karachevskyy, N Kharchenko, M Shpiker, E Richardson
Aims There are an estimated 1.5 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Ukraine because of the armed conflict in the east of the country. The aim of this paper is to examine utilisation patterns of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) care among IDPs in Ukraine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. Data were collected from 2203 adult IDPs throughout Ukraine between March and May 2016. Data on mental health care utilisation were collected, along with outcomes including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety...
July 27, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#12
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725260/help-seeking-and-suicidality-among-people-with-epilepsy-in-a-rural-low-income-country-setting-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Ruth Tsigebrhan, Charlotte Hanlon, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUNDS: Epilepsy is a serious neurological disorder associated with a high level of psychiatric comorbidity. Suicidality is a recognised complication of epilepsy. As part of developing an integrated service for people with epilepsy (PWE) and priority psychiatric disorders within primary care, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural district in Ethiopia to investigate patterns of help-seeking, suicidality and the association with duration of untreated epilepsy (DUE) among PWE...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724423/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-telephone-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-tide-telephone-intervention-for-depression
#14
Birgit Watzke, Elisa Haller, Maya Steinmann, Daniela Heddaeus, Martin Härter, Hans-Helmut König, Karl Wegscheider, Thomas Rosemann
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of evidence-based treatments for depression, a large proportion of patients remains untreated or adequate treatment is initiated with delay. This situation is particularly critical in primary care, where not only most individuals first seek help for their mental health problems, but also depressive disorders - particularly mild to moderate levels of severity - are highly prevalent given the high comorbidity of chronic somatic conditions and depression...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#15
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587607/design-of-a-syndemic-based-intervention-to-facilitate-care-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-high-risk-behaviour-the-syn-bas-in-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Roel C A Achterbergh, Jannie J van der Helm, Wim van den Brink, Henry J C de Vries
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) constitute a risk group for sexual transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Despite counselling interventions, risk behaviour remains high. Syndemic theory holds that psychosocial problems often co-occur, interact and mutually reinforce each other, thereby increasing high risk behaviours and co-occurring diseases. Therefore, if co-occurring psychosocial problems were assessed and treated simultaneously, this might decrease high risk behaviour and disease...
June 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586392/desire-for-a-child-and-eating-disorders-in-women-seeking-infertility-treatment
#17
Mélanie Bruneau, Agnès Colombel, Sophie Mirallié, Thomas Fréour, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Paul Barrière, Marie Grall-Bronnec
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EDs in women seeking treatment for infertility, and to better characterize their clinical profile. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty participants completed self-report measures that assessed EDs, desire for a child, body preoccupations, quality of life, anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Ten patients (17%) met criteria for a past or current ED. We showed a significant association between greater body dissatisfaction and a more ambivalent desire for a child...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570912/current-suicidal-ideation-in-treatment-seeking-individuals-in-the-united-kingdom-with-gambling-problems
#18
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Marc N Potenza, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
BACKGROUND: Studies show higher lifetime prevalence of suicidality in individuals with pathological gambling. However, less is known about the relationship between pathological gambling and current suicidal ideation. OBJECTIVES: We investigated socio-demographic, clinical and gambling-related variables associated with suicidality in treatment-seeking individuals. METHODS: Bivariate analyses and logistic regression models were generated on data from 903 individuals to identify measures associated with aspects of suicidality...
May 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549424/high-intensity-therapist-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-pilot-study
#19
Christopher Sundström, Martin Kraepelien, Niels Eék, Claudia Fahlke, Viktor Kaldo, Anne H Berman
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of individuals with alcohol problems do not seek psychological treatment, but access to such treatment could potentially be increased by delivering it over the Internet. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is widely recognized as one of the psychological treatments for alcohol problems for which evidence is most robust. This study evaluated a new, therapist-guided internet-based CBT program (entitled ePlus) for individuals with alcohol use disorders. METHODS: Participants in the study (n = 13) were recruited through an alcohol self-help web site ( www...
May 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544024/contribution-of-perceived-cognitive-functioning-to-quality-of-life-in-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Noah D Silverberg, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Eric Bui, Rebecca Wershba, Ross Zafonte, Lauren M Laifer, Naomi M Simon, Grant L Iverson
Perceived cognitive impairment is a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may be an important determinant of quality of life (QOL) in those who suffer from this disorder. Using a clinical data repository, we evaluated this hypothesis in a cross-sectional sample of U.S. military service members and veterans who served after September 11, 2001, and were seeking mental health treatment at a tertiary outpatient clinic. A consecutive series of 117 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PTSD completed a battery of questionnaires at intake, including the PTSD Checklist (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), a 4-item Cognitive Symptom subscale of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (Cicerone & Kalmar, 1995), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Endicott, Nee, Harrison, & Blumenthal, 1993)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
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