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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140560/negative-posttrauma-cognitions-mediate-the-association-between-morally-injurious-events-and-trauma-related-psychopathology-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#1
Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Denise S Zou, Blake S Schroedter, Niranjan S Karnik, Mark H Pollack, Alyson K Zalta
Exposure to potentially morally injurious events has been shown to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in military personnel. Few studies have examined factors that help to explain how potentially morally injurious events may contribute to the development of trauma-related psychopathology. Negative posttrauma cognitions are thought to play a role in the etiology of PTSD and depression following trauma; however, it is unclear whether more global beliefs about the self, others, and world play a role in the development of PTSD and depression due to morally injurious events...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098116/social-support-help-seeking-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-veterans-in-non-va-facilities-results-from-the-veterans-health-study
#2
Richard E Adams, Thomas G Urosevich, Stuart N Hoffman, H Lester Kirchner, Johanna C Hyacinthe, Charles R Figley, Joseph J Boscarino, Joseph A Boscarino
Using a stress process model, the authors examined social and psychological resources to better understand mental health outcomes among veterans. For this study, we surveyed 700 U.S. veterans who were outpatients in the Geisinger Health System. Independent variables included demographic factors, stressful and traumatic events, social support measures, and psychosocial factors. Using logistic regression, the authors examined 4 types of social connections: social support, help-seeking support, social capital, and other mental health support to predict mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, suicide ideation, alcohol misuse, mental health service use, and Veterans Affairs service use...
2017: Military Behavioral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096223/plasma-cortisol-and-oxytocin-levels-predict-help-seeking-intentions-for-depressive-symptoms
#3
Susan Thomas, Theresa Larkin
BACKGROUND: Depressed individuals often refuse or withdraw from help, a phenomenon termed help-negation, which is a risk factor for poor outcomes. Most previous research has investigated psychosocial factors including stigma as causes of low help-seeking intentions for depression, however these do not adequately explain the problem. We hypothesised that because help-negation worsens with symptom severity, it might be linked to important biological changes associated with depression itself...
October 30, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073802/long-term-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-temporomandibular-pain
#4
Kerstin Wahlund, Bo Larsson
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate long-term, self-perceived outcome in adulthood for individuals treated as adolescents for temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain in two previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 116 subjects (81% females) treated for frequent TMD pain in two separate RCTs 5-21 (M = 14.8, SD =4.9) years previously. Treatment consisted of occlusal appliance (OA) (n = 41, 35.3%) or relaxation training (RT) combined with information for the control (Co) group (n = 50, 43...
October 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068721/adjunctive-use-of-olanzapine-in-the-treatment-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-in-an-eating-disorders-program
#5
Timothy D Brewerton, Meredith D'Agostino
OBJECTIVE: There is little information about the pharmacological treatment of avoidant and restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), a challenging feeding disorder associated with marked impairment and developmental arrest. This brief clinical report seeks to fill this gap. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of nine patients with ARFID treated in an eating disorder (ED) program (residential, partial hospital, and intensive outpatient levels of care) with adjunctive olanzapine was undertaken...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051135/a-transmedia-storytelling-intervention-with-interactive-elements-to-benefit-latinas-mental-health-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy
#6
MarySue V Heilemann, Patricia D Soderlund, Priscilla Kehoe, Mary-Lynn Brecht
BACKGROUND: Latinos report higher rates of depression and anxiety than US whites but are less likely to receive care. Transmedia storytelling interventions accessible on the Internet via smartphones, tablets, and computers hold promise for reducing reluctance to explore or get help for symptoms because they are private, convenient, and can reach large numbers of people, including Latinas with mental health needs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a mental health transmedia intervention for Latinas with elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049292/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-vulnerability-marker-for-depressive-symptom-deterioration-in-men
#7
Jannika De Rubeis, Ricardo G Lugo, Michael Witthöft, Stefan Sütterlin, Markus R Pawelzik, Claus Vögele
Consistent across time and cultures, men and male adolescents older than 14 years of age appear underrepresented in mood disorders, and are far less likely than women to seek psychological help. The much higher rate of suicide amongst males suggests that depression in men might be underreported. One of the core human motives is to seek acceptance by others and avoid rejection. Rejection Sensitivity (RS) has been conceptualized as the cognitive-affective processing disposition to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and intensely respond to cues of rejection in the behavior of others...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036402/lack-of-diagnostic-pluripotentiality-in-patients-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis-specificity-of-comorbidity-persistence-and-search-for-pluripotential-subgroups
#8
Scott W Woods, Albert R Powers, Jerome H Taylor, Charlie A Davidson, Jason K Johannesen, Jean Addington, Diana O Perkins, Carrie E Bearden, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Thomas H McGlashan
More than 20 years after the clinical high risk syndrome for psychosis (CHR) was first articulated, it remains controversial whether the CHR syndrome predicts onset of psychosis with diagnostic specificity or predicts pluripotential diagnostic outcomes. Recently, analyses of observational studies, however, have suggested that the CHR syndrome is not pluripotential for emergent diagnostic outcomes. The present report conducted additional analyses in previously reported samples to determine (1) whether comorbid disorders were more likely to persist in CHR patients compared to a comparison group of patients who responded to CHR recruitment efforts but did not meet criteria, termed help-seeking comparison subjects (HSC); and (2) whether clinically defined pluripotential CHR subgroups could be identified...
September 28, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033054/temporary-stages-and-motivational-variables-two-complementary-perspectives-in-the-help-seeking-process-for-mental-disorders
#9
Gema Del Valle Del Valle, Carmen Carrió, Amparo Belloch
INTRODUCTION: Help-seeking for mental disorders is a complex process, which includes different temporary stages, and in which the motivational variables play an especially relevant role. However, there is a lack of instruments to evaluate in depth both the temporary and motivational variables involved in the help-seeking process. This study aims to analyse in detail these two sets of variables, using a specific instrument designed for the purpose, to gain a better understanding of the process of treatment seeking...
October 9, 2017: Revista de Psiquiatrí́a y Salud Mental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016388/the-relationship-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-chronic-pain-in-people-seeking-treatment-for-chronic-pain-the-mediating-role-of-psychological-flexibility
#10
Sophia Åkerblom, Sean Perrin, Marcelo Rivano Fischer, Lance M McCracken
OBJECTIVES: The symptoms of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and chronic pain are thought to interact to increase the severity and impact of both conditions, but the mechanisms by which they interact remain unclear. This study examines the relationship between PTSD and chronic pain and whether indices of psychological flexibility mediate the relationship between these two conditions. METHODS: Standardized self-report measures of PTSD, pain severity, pain interference, depression, and psychological flexibility (pain-related acceptance, committed action, cognitive fusion, and values-based action) were obtained from 315 people seeking treatment for chronic pain who also reported at least one traumatic experience...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990447/psychotic-like-experiences-in-help-seeking-adolescents-dimensional-exploration-and-association-with-different-forms-of-bullying-victimization-a-developmental-social-psychiatry-perspective
#11
Gennaro Catone, Roberta Marotta, Simone Pisano, Belinda Lennox, Marco Carotenuto, Antonella Gritti, Antonio Pascotto, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are common in the general population and increase the risk of psychotic disorders. Adolescents are a high-risk group of this condition. Stressful events, such as bullying, have a role in the onset of PLEs. This study has several aims: (1) to assess PLEs in adolescents seeking help from a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, (2) to assess the association of PLEs with specific bullying victimization and (3) to assess difference in PLEs and victimizations by sex and age...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983435/review-of-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapies-products-and-outcomes-for-people-with-mental-health-needs
#12
Joanna Hofman, Alexandra Pollitt, Miriam Broeks, Katherine Stewart, Christian van Stolk
Common mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, and other disorders, affect many people and incur increasing costs to individuals, employers, and government. Several challenges have been identified in the provision of public services for people with common mental health problems. A previous study by RAND Europe suggested that providing access to online mental health assessment and support and building on computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) interventions could help reach out to the general population and, in particular, those less likely to seek help elsewhere...
January 2017: Rand Health Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953761/a-review-of-the-efficacy-and-role-of-the-card-sort-exercise-in-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder
#13
Paul Jie Wen Tern, Ali Abdaal, Jake Tobin, Katherine Macfarland, Molly Hunt, Mark Agius
The current card sort exercise described by Agius et al. in 2006 provides a tool for patients and their families to characterise the temporal pattern of occurrence of both stereotyped and idiosyncratic prodromal symptoms that serve as early warning signs predicting a relapse. This 'individual relapse signature' is highly specific for bipolar relapse, and aids identification of a relapse such that patients can be channeled into appropriate early intervention pathways. This review examines the role of the card sort exercise in the treatment of bipolar disorder, and evaluates the evidence for its efficacy...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904815/predictors-help-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-coverage-for-depression-in-adults-in-sehore-district-india
#14
Rahul Shidhaye, Tanica Lyngdoh, Vaibhav Murhar, Sandesh Samudre, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: National Mental Health Survey found that in India, the point prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 2.7% and the treatment gap was 85.2%, whereas in Madhya Pradesh the point prevalence of MDD was 1.4% and the treatment gap was 80%. AIMS: To describe the baseline prevalence of depression among adults, association of various demographic and socioeconomic variables with depression and estimation of contact coverage for the same. METHOD: Population-based cross-sectional survey of 3220 adults in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868945/social-phobia-depression-and-eating-disorders-during-middle-adolescence-longitudinal-associations-and-treatment-seeking
#15
Klaus Ranta, Juha Väänänen, Sari Fröjd, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal associations between social phobia (SP), depression and eating disorders (EDs), and the impact of antecedent SP and depression on subsequent treatment seeking for EDs have rarely been explored in prospective adolescent population studies. AIM: We aimed to examine these associations in a large-scale follow-up study among middle adolescents. METHOD: We surveyed 3278 Finnish adolescents with a mean age of 15 years for these disorders...
September 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866720/medical-students-and-stigma-of-depression-part-2-self-stigma
#16
REVIEW
Julia Suwalska, Aleksandra Suwalska, Marta Szczygieł, Dorota Łojko
Up to 30% of medical students suffer from depression. They have better access to healthcare, but still receive appropriate treatment less frequently than people with depression in the general population. Most of them do not seek medical help as depression is perceived as a stigmatizing disorder, which leads to self-stigma and hampers early diagnosis and treatment. Thus, self-stigma means less effective therapy, unfavorable prognosis and relapses. According to the literature, self-stigma results in lowered self-esteem and is a major obstacle in the performance of social roles at work and in personal life...
June 18, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855961/the-mental-health-and-help-seeking-behaviour-of-resettled-afghan-refugees-in-australia
#17
Shameran Slewa-Younan, Anisa Yaser, Maria Gabriela Uribe Guajardo, Haider Mannan, Caroline A Smith, Jonathan M Mond
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma, in particular, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, are highly prevalent among resettled refugees. However, little is known regarding the mental health status and associated help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia. METHODS: A sample of 150 resettled Afghan refugees (74 males; mean age 32.8 years, SD = 12.2) living in Adelaide, South Australia were recruited. Self-reported measures of PTSD, depression, exposure to traumatic events, functional impairment, self-recognition of PTSD symptomatology and help-seeking behaviours were completed...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#18
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814972/mental-health-literacy-in-adolescents-ability-to-recognise-problems-helpful-interventions-and-outcomes
#19
Udena Ruwindu Attygalle, Hemamali Perera, Bernard Deepal Wanniarachchi Jayamanne
BACKGROUND: Although mental health literacy has been widely studied in adults, there are still relatively few studies on adolescent populations. In Sri Lanka, adolescents account for about one fifth of the population. Current evidence shows that most mental health problems diagnosed in adulthood begin in adolescence. There is also growing evidence that the trajectories of these disorders can be altered through early recognition and intervention. Although, help-seeking for mental health problems is known to be poor in adolescents, mental health literacy improves help-seeking...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814325/australian-adolescents-beliefs-and-help-seeking-intentions-towards-peers-experiencing-symptoms-of-depression-and-alcohol-misuse
#20
D I Lubman, A Cheetham, A F Jorm, B J Berridge, C Wilson, F Blee, L Mckay-Brown, N Allen, J Proimos
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for mental health problems, preferring to rely on their friends for support. It is therefore important to ensure that adolescents can identify signs of psychological distress in their peers, talk to them about these, and help them access appropriate services when necessary. The current study examined adolescents' ability to recognise symptoms of depression and alcohol misuse, perceived barriers to help-seeking, and their intentions to encourage a peer to seek help from a range of informal and formal help sources...
August 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
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