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depressive disorder and seeking help

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335036/individuals-with-currently-untreated-mental-illness-causal-beliefs-and-readiness-to-seek-help
#1
S Stolzenburg, S Freitag, S Evans-Lacko, S Speerforck, S Schmidt, G Schomerus
AIMS: Many people with mental illness do not seek professional help. Beliefs about the causes of their current health problem seem relevant for initiating treatment. Our aim was to find out to what extent the perceived causes of current untreated mental health problems determine whether a person considers herself/himself as having a mental illness, perceives need for professional help and plans to seek help in the near future. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we examined 207 untreated persons with a depressive syndrome, all fulfilling criteria for a current mental illness as confirmed with a structured diagnostic interview (Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview)...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306907/new-aspects-in-the-pathomechanism-of-diseases-of-civilization-particularly-psychosomatic-disorders-part-2-chronic-hypocapnia-and-hypercapnia-in-the-medical-practice
#2
Andras Sikter, Zoltan Rihmer, Roberto de Guevara
The authors seek to find new connections between recent results of biology and older theories. This paper aims to assemble the jigsaw puzzle. The theoretical background of the hypothesis was described in the previous issue of the journal (Sikter et al. 2017a). Human stress response often coexists with persistent hypocapnia or hypercapnia - developing via psychosomatic pathomechanism - which can lead to mental and psychosomatic illnesses. Chronic hypocapnia mainly generates hyperarousal disorders which may be reversible for an extended time, however, vicious cycles may start when hypoxia and/or severe somatic diseases are simultaneously present (commonly in the elderly), which conditions often end with death without medical help...
September 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295706/a-qualitative-study-on-older-primary-care-patients-perspectives-on-depression-and-its-treatments-potential-barriers-to-and-opportunities-for-managing-depression
#3
Anne Stark, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Janine Stein, Wolfgang Maier, Kathrin Heser, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Birgitt Wiese, Silke Mamone, Hans-Helmut König, Jens-Oliver Bock, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in old age and is associated with various negative health consequences for the affected individual. Studies suggest that patients' views on depression have an impact on help-seeking behaviour and treatment. It is thus important to investigate the patient's perspective in order to ascertain optimum management of depression in late life. However, studies on depression and its treatment exploring the perspectives of primary care patients 75 years or older, are rare...
January 3, 2018: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273669/recognition-of-mental-disorders-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-among-medical-students-in-singapore
#4
Louisa Picco, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Rathi Mahendran, Swapna Verma, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To assess recognition of five mental disorders (alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia) among a sample of medical students using a vignette-based approach. Socio-demographic predictors of correct recognition were also explored. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. PARTICIPANTS: Medical students studying in Singapore. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional online study among medical students (n=502) who were randomly assigned one of the five vignettes...
December 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216484/beliefs-about-the-causes-of-and-treatments-for-depression-and-bipolar-disorder-among-south-koreans
#5
Subin Park, Hyesue Jang, Adrian Furnham, Mina Jeon, Se Jin Park
Public beliefs about psychiatric disorders are important for understanding help-seeking behaviours. We investigated factors that affect South Koreans' beliefs about the causes and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. We recruited 654 participants aged 15-54 years using an online panel survey. Participants completed two questionnaires: 34 possible causes of and 33 possible treatments for depression and bipolar disorder. For both disorders, the questionnaires about causes revealed four factors: social-environmental, God/fate, heath/lifestyle, and biological; the questionnaires about treatments revealed five factors: self-help/stress management, physical treatment/health management, seeking mental health services, religious help, and resting...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210501/women-s-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#6
REVIEW
Holly Hadfield, Anja Wittkowski
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal disorder that can have adverse effects on maternal and infant health. The importance of offering effective and acceptable treatments is well recognized, particularly given the numerous barriers women in many settings face in accessing interventions for PPD. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize qualitative research exploring women's experiences of professional psychological and psychosocial support for PPD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in April 2017 by searching 5 electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202791/factors-associated-with-unwillingness-to-seek-professional-help-for-depression-a-web-based-survey
#7
Eisho Yoshikawa, Toshiatsu Taniguchi, Nanako Nakamura-Taira, Shin Ishiguro, Hiromichi Matsumura
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent disorder that has a substantial impact on not only individuals but also society as a whole. Despite many effective depression interventions, delay in initial treatment contact is problematic. The Internet is a possible tool for low-cost dissemination of appropriate information and awareness raising about depressive disorders among the general public. This study aimed to identify factors associated with unwillingness to seek professional help for depression in Internet users...
December 4, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202773/process-evaluation-of-the-systematic-medical-appraisal-referral-and-treatment-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#8
Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel, Pallab K Maulik
BACKGROUND: Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about mental health, stigma related to help seeking, are responsible for poor awareness and use of mental health services. We implemented a mental health services delivery model that leveraged technology and task sharing to facilitate identification and treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs) such as stress, depression, anxiety and suicide risk in rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183537/continuing-trauma-the-unmet-needs-of-trauma-patients-in-the-postacute-care-setting
#9
Samir M Fakhry, Pamela L Ferguson, Jama L Olsen, Jennifer J Haughney, Heidi S Resnick, Kenneth J Ruggiero
Trauma care has traditionally focused on prehospital and hospital settings, yet many injured patients report emotional distress in the postacute care setting, which is known to impair recovery. The objective of this study was to assess postdischarge emotional recovery and communication preferences. An observational cohort of 100 adult patients from our Level 1 Trauma Center was surveyed one to two months postdischarge. Among those employed preinjury, 44 per cent had not returned to work. Nearly half screened positive for emotional issues (posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and/or psychological distress); of these, only 35 per cent considered getting professional help and only 10 per cent received help...
November 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181088/improving-detection-of-mental-health-problems-in-community-settings-in-nepal-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-community-informant-detection-tool
#10
Prasansa Subba, Nagendra P Luitel, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: Despite increasing efforts to expand availability of mental health services throughout the world, there continues to be limited utilization of these services by persons with mental illness and their families. Community-based detection that facilitates identification and referral of people with mental health problems has been advocated as an effective strategy to increase help-seeking and service utilization. The Community Informant Detection Tool (CIDT) was developed for the community informants to identify people with depression, psychosis, alcohol use problems, epilepsy, and child behavioral problems in community settings...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174742/predictors-and-outcomes-of-somatization-in-bipolar-i-disorder-a-latent-class-mixture-modeling-approach
#11
Juliet Beni Edgcomb, Berit Kerner
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders are often associated with somatic symptoms. The role of somatic symptoms on disease progression in unipolar depression is substantially better characterized than that role in bipolar disorder. Moreover, the contribution of comorbid anxiety disorders and medical illness is not well understood. METHOD: We investigated 527 patients with bipolar I disorder clustered within 102 families using a latent class approach. Predictors were added stepwise into the model...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172055/offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-help-seeking-after-first-onset-of-a-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorder
#12
Petra J Havinga, Catharina A Hartman, Ellen Visser, Maaike H Nauta, Brenda W J H Penninx, Lynn Boschloo, Robert A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: Offspring of patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders are at high risk of developing a similar disorder themselves. Early recognition and treatment may have substantial effects on prognosis. The main aim of this study was to examine the time to initial help-seeking and its determinants in offspring after the first onset of a mood and/or anxiety disorder. METHODS: Data are presented of 215 offspring with a mood and/or anxiety disorder participating in a cohort study with 10 year follow-up...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164828/attenuated-psychosis-and-basic-self-disturbance-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-adolescents
#13
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140560/negative-posttrauma-cognitions-mediate-the-association-between-morally-injurious-events-and-trauma-related-psychopathology-in-treatment-seeking-veterans
#14
Philip Held, Brian J Klassen, Denise S Zou, Blake S Schroedter, Niranjan S Karnik, Mark H Pollack, Alyson K Zalta
Exposure to potentially morally injurious events has been shown to be associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression symptoms in military personnel. Few studies have examined factors that help to explain how potentially morally injurious events may contribute to the development of trauma-related psychopathology. Negative posttrauma cognitions are thought to play a role in the etiology of PTSD and depression following trauma; however, it is unclear whether more global beliefs about the self, others, and world play a role in the development of PTSD and depression due to morally injurious events...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098116/social-support-help-seeking-and-mental-health-outcomes-among-veterans-in-non-va-facilities-results-from-the-veterans-health-study
#15
Richard E Adams, Thomas G Urosevich, Stuart N Hoffman, H Lester Kirchner, Johanna C Hyacinthe, Charles R Figley, Joseph J Boscarino, Joseph A Boscarino
Using a stress process model, the authors examined social and psychological resources to better understand mental health outcomes among veterans. For this study, we surveyed 700 U.S. veterans who were outpatients in the Geisinger Health System. Independent variables included demographic factors, stressful and traumatic events, social support measures, and psychosocial factors. Using logistic regression, the authors examined 4 types of social connections: social support, help-seeking support, social capital, and other mental health support to predict mental health outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, suicide ideation, alcohol misuse, mental health service use, and Veterans Affairs service use...
2017: Military Behavioral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096223/plasma-cortisol-and-oxytocin-levels-predict-help-seeking-intentions-for-depressive-symptoms
#16
Susan Thomas, Theresa Larkin
BACKGROUND: Depressed individuals often refuse or withdraw from help, a phenomenon termed help-negation, which is a risk factor for poor outcomes. Most previous research has investigated psychosocial factors including stigma as causes of low help-seeking intentions for depression, however these do not adequately explain the problem. We hypothesised that because help-negation worsens with symptom severity, it might be linked to important biological changes associated with depression itself...
October 30, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073802/long-term-treatment-outcome-for-adolescents-with-temporomandibular-pain
#17
Kerstin Wahlund, Bo Larsson
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate long-term, self-perceived outcome in adulthood for individuals treated as adolescents for temporomandibular disorder (TMD) pain in two previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 116 subjects (81% females) treated for frequent TMD pain in two separate RCTs 5-21 (M = 14.8, SD =4.9) years previously. Treatment consisted of occlusal appliance (OA) (n = 41, 35.3%) or relaxation training (RT) combined with information for the control (Co) group (n = 50, 43...
October 26, 2017: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068721/adjunctive-use-of-olanzapine-in-the-treatment-of-avoidant-restrictive-food-intake-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-in-an-eating-disorders-program
#18
Timothy D Brewerton, Meredith D'Agostino
OBJECTIVE: There is little information about the pharmacological treatment of avoidant and restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), a challenging feeding disorder associated with marked impairment and developmental arrest. This brief clinical report seeks to fill this gap. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of nine patients with ARFID treated in an eating disorder (ED) program (residential, partial hospital, and intensive outpatient levels of care) with adjunctive olanzapine was undertaken...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051135/a-transmedia-storytelling-intervention-with-interactive-elements-to-benefit-latinas-mental-health-feasibility-acceptability-and-efficacy
#19
MarySue V Heilemann, Patricia D Soderlund, Priscilla Kehoe, Mary-Lynn Brecht
BACKGROUND: Latinos report higher rates of depression and anxiety than US whites but are less likely to receive care. Transmedia storytelling interventions accessible on the Internet via smartphones, tablets, and computers hold promise for reducing reluctance to explore or get help for symptoms because they are private, convenient, and can reach large numbers of people, including Latinas with mental health needs. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of a mental health transmedia intervention for Latinas with elevated symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both...
October 19, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049292/rejection-sensitivity-as-a-vulnerability-marker-for-depressive-symptom-deterioration-in-men
#20
Jannika De Rubeis, Ricardo G Lugo, Michael Witthöft, Stefan Sütterlin, Markus R Pawelzik, Claus Vögele
Consistent across time and cultures, men and male adolescents older than 14 years of age appear underrepresented in mood disorders, and are far less likely than women to seek psychological help. The much higher rate of suicide amongst males suggests that depression in men might be underreported. One of the core human motives is to seek acceptance by others and avoid rejection. Rejection Sensitivity (RS) has been conceptualized as the cognitive-affective processing disposition to anxiously expect, readily perceive, and intensely respond to cues of rejection in the behavior of others...
2017: PloS One
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