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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919307/patterns-and-correlates-of-major-depression-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-0-5-million-men-and-women
#1
Y Chen, D Bennett, R Clarke, Y Guo, C Yu, Z Bian, L Ma, Y Huang, Q Sun, N Zhang, X Zheng, J Chen, R Peto, K S Kendler, L Li, Z Chen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide 350 million people suffer from major depression, with the majority of cases occurring in low- and middle-income countries. We examined the patterns, correlates and care-seeking behaviour of adults suffering from major depressive episode (MDE) in China. METHOD: A nationwide study recruited 512 891 adults aged 30-79 years from 10 provinces across China during 2004-2008. The 12-month prevalence of MDE was assessed by the Modified Composite International Diagnostic Interview-short form...
December 6, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888974/early-intervention-in-schizophrenia-a-literature-review
#2
REVIEW
Sunny Chieh Cheng, Karen G Schepp
Schizophrenia is a debilitating psychiatric disorder seen across the world. Recently, investigators have witnessed an upsurge in research on the potential benefits of early intervention during the prodromal stage: the sooner people start the treatment at their first psychotic episode, the better outcome on symptom relief and better functioning. This paper aims to critically review and synthesize empirical evidence published between 2005 and 2015 regarding the effectiveness of preemptive interventions on transition rate, symptom severity, depression, anxiety, and function level...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824775/evaluation-of-bipolar-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-referred-to-a-mood-service-diagnostic-pathways-and-manic-dimensions
#3
Ana P Ferreira-Maia, Alexandre C Boronat, Miguel A Boarati, Lee Fu-I, Yuan-Pang Wang
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have examined pediatric mental health services for early-onset bipolar disorder (BD). The goal of this study was to describe diagnostic pathways and manic dimensions in BD among referred children and adolescents. METHODS: Data were obtained from a review of the charts of 814 subjects, 2 to 17 years of age, with a complaint of mood disturbances who were referred between 2003 and 2012 to a university-based child and adolescent clinic that specializes in mood disorders...
November 2016: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810654/treatment-utilization-among-persons-with-opioid-use-disorder-in-the-united-states
#4
Li-Tzy Wu, He Zhu, Marvin S Swartz
BACKGROUND: The United States is experiencing an opioid overdose epidemic. Treatment use data from diverse racial/ethnic groups with opioid use disorder (OUD) are needed to inform treatment expansion efforts. METHODS: We examined demographic characteristics and behavioral health of persons aged ≥12 years that met criteria for past-year OUD (n=6,125) in the 2005-2013 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health (N=503,101). We determined the prevalence and correlates of past-year use of alcohol/drug use treatment and opioid-specific treatment to inform efforts for improving OUD treatment...
December 1, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805737/do-concepts-of-depression-predict-treatment-pathways-a-closer-look-at-explanatory-models-among-clinical-and-nonclinical-samples-in-uganda
#5
Laura Renee Johnson, Eu Gene Chin, Mayanja Kajumba, Erin Buchanan, Simon Kizito, Paul Bangirana
OBJECTIVE: Explanatory models (EMs) are a collection of beliefs about a disorder that can help us understand help-seeking and treatment pathways in diverse contexts. In 2 related studies, we explore EMs about depression held among both clinical and nonclinical samples in Uganda. To explore the potential of EMs to predict help seeking, we assessed the relationship between 2 main aspects of the EM: problem conceptualization and treatment. METHOD: In Study 1, we interviewed and assessed EMs of depression for 135 lay community members and 111 professional practitioners using a vignette...
November 2, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782795/childhood-trauma-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-patients-with-depressive-disorder-in-primary-care-in-chile
#6
Verónica Vitriol, Alfredo Cancino, Marcelo Leiva-Bianchi, Carlos Serrano, Soledad Ballesteros, Andrea Asenjo, Cristian Cáceres, Soledad Potthoff, Carolina Salgado, Francisca Orellana, Marcela Ormazábal
: Childhood trauma is associated with different psychiatric disorders during adulthood. These disorders are often presented in comorbidity with depression. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and childhood traumatic events in patients with depression in Chile. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four patients with major depression were assessed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview and a screening for childhood trauma...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781492/presenting-concerns-of-emerging-adults-seeking-treatment-at-an-early-intervention-outpatient-mood-and-anxiety-program
#7
Justin Arcaro, Carolyn Summerhurst, Evelyn Vingilis, Michael Wammes, Elizabeth Osuch
This study examined presenting concerns and characteristics of emerging adults (EAs) seeking treatment at an early intervention program for mood and anxiety disorders to better understand presenting concerns when treatment is needed. During an intake assessment conducted by a social worker or clinical psychologist, participants (N = 548; 62% female, 38% male) reported their top three current life concerns, which were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis. Participants completed a battery of questionnaires assessing demographic information, symptomatology, and daily functioning...
October 26, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757371/sunk-costs-psychological-symptomology-and-help-seeking
#8
David P Jarmolowicz, Warren K Bickel, Michael J Sofis, Laura E Hatz, E Terry Mueller
Individuals often allow prior investments of time, money or effort to influence their current behavior. A tendency to allow previous investments to impact further investment, referred to as the sunk-cost fallacy, may be related to adverse psychological health. Unfortunately, little is known about the relation between the sunk-cost fallacy and psychological symptoms or help seeking. The current study used a relatively novel approach (i.e., Amazon.com's Mechanical Turk crowdsourcing [AMT] service) to examine various aspects of psychological health in internet users (n = 1053) that did and did not commit the sunk-cost fallacy...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756281/a-pragmatic-randomized-control-trial-and-realist-evaluation-on-the-implementation-and-effectiveness-of-an-internet-application-to-support-self-management-among-individuals-seeking-specialized-mental-health-care-a-study-protocol
#9
Jennifer M Hensel, Jay Shaw, Lianne Jeffs, Noah M Ivers, Laura Desveaux, Ashley Cohen, Payal Agarwal, Walter P Wodchis, Joshua Tepper, Darren Larsen, Anita McGahan, Peter Cram, Geetha Mukerji, Muhammad Mamdani, Rebecca Yang, Ivy Wong, Nike Onabajo, Trevor Jamieson, R Sacha Bhatia
BACKGROUND: Mental illness is a substantial and rising contributor to the global burden of disease. Access to and utilization of mental health care, however, is limited by structural barriers such as specialist availability, time, out-of-pocket costs, and attitudinal barriers including stigma. Innovative solutions like virtual care are rapidly entering the health care domain. The advancement and adoption of virtual care for mental health, however, often occurs in the absence of rigorous evaluation and adequate planning for sustainability and spread...
October 18, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739935/perceived-treatment-needs-among-women-with-co-occurring-substance-use-disorders-and-ptsd
#10
Stella M Resko, Suzanne Brown, Natasha S Mendoza, Shantel Crosby, Antonio González-Prendes
OBJECTIVE: Perception of need is a key factor that influences decisions to seek help and complete treatment for substance use and mental health problems. In the current study, we examine patterns of perceived treatment needs among women with co-occurring substance use disorders and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and explore how these patterns are associated with demographics, psychosocial variables, and treatment-related factors. METHODS: Secondary data analysis of the Women and Trauma Study from the National Institute on Drug Abuse's Clinical Trial Network was conducted...
July 2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727411/depressive-disorder-in-patients-attending-the-outpatient-department-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-colombo
#11
D Anandakumar, S S Ratnatunga, M Dayabandara, Raveen Hanwella, Varuni A de Silva
INTRODUCTION: Lifetime prevalence of depression varies across countries and different populations. Depression is a common comorbidity of physical illness. Patients with depression are known to present with somatic symptoms. Depression is under-diagnosed in primary care settings. Objectives To estimate the prevalence of depression in patients attending the outpatient department (OPD) of a tertiary care hospital in the Western Province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in the OPD of the National Hospital of Sri Lanka (NHSL)...
2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703104/-ethical-legal-and-social-issues-elsi-in-gambling-disorder-and-its-treatment
#12
Nariakira Moriyama
Recently, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare estimated the prevalence rate of gambling disorder to be 4.8 percent of the population. This rate is outstandingly higher than other countries with prevalence rates between 0.25 and 2.0 percent. It is also estimated that no fewer than 5 million Japanese suffer from the disease. In the last two years, 100 new patients visited the author's clinic. On an average, they started gambling at the age of 19.7 years, and incurring debt at the age of 25.8 years. They first visited the clinic at an average age of 38...
October 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683967/adult-separation-anxiety-disorder-in-complicated-grief-an-exploratory-study-on-frequency-and-correlates
#13
Camilla Gesi, Claudia Carmassi, Katherine M Shear, Theresa Schwartz, Angela Ghesquiere, Julie Khaler, Liliana Dell'Osso
INTRODUCTION: Complicated grief (CG) has been the subject of increasing attention in the past decades but its relationship with separation anxiety disorder (SEPAD) is still controversial. The aim of the current study was to explore the prevalence and clinical significance of adult SEPAD in a sample of help-seeking individuals with CG. METHODS: 151 adults with CG, enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of (CG) treatment to that of interpersonal therapy, were assessed by means of the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS), the Adult Separation Anxiety Questionnaire (ASA-27), the Grief Related Avoidance Questionnaire (GRAQ), the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire (PDEQ), and the Impact of Events Scale (IES)...
January 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678546/strategies-and-impacts-of-patient-and-family-engagement-in-collaborative-mental-healthcare-protocol-for-a-systematic-and-realist-review
#14
Matthew Menear, Michel Gervais, Emmanuelle Careau, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Guylaine Cloutier, André Delorme, Maman Joyce Dogba, Michèle Dugas, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Michel Gilbert, Diane Harvey, Janie Houle, Nick Kates, Sara Knowles, Neasa Martin, Donald Nease, Pierre Pluye, Esther Samson, Hervé Tchala Vignon Zomahoun, France Légaré
INTRODUCTION: Collaborative mental healthcare (CMHC) has garnered worldwide interest as an effective, team-based approach to managing common mental disorders in primary care. However, questions remain about how CMHC works and why it works in some circumstances but not others. In this study, we will review the evidence on one understudied but potentially critical component of CMHC, namely the engagement of patients and families in care. Our aims are to describe the strategies used to engage people with depression or anxiety disorders and their families in CMHC and understand how these strategies work, for whom and in what circumstances...
2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672324/alexithymia-impulsiveness-and-psychopathology-in-nonsuicidal-self-injured-adolescents
#15
Michela Gatta, Francesco Dal Santo, Alessio Rago, Andrea Spoto, Pier Antonio Battistella
INTRODUCTION: Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a multifaceted phenomenon and a major health issue among adolescents. A better understanding of self-injury comorbidities is crucial to improve our ability to assess, treat, and prevent NSSI. PURPOSE: This study aimed at analyzing some of the psychobehavioral correlates of NSSI: psychological problems, alexithymia, impulsiveness, and sociorelational aspects. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a case-control study...
2016: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652218/the-impact-of-ejaculatory-dysfunction-upon-the-sufferer-and-his-partner
#16
REVIEW
Carmita Helena Najjar Abdo
Ejaculatory function cannot be evaluated outside the dyadic process and without taking into account the men's and women's cognition of the condition and how their subjective perception impacts on the evaluation of the relationship and sexual quality. Although the distress of the sufferer and his partner has been a motivating factor in leading men with ejaculatory dysfunction to seek medical help, few objective or prospective evaluations of the effects on the couple have been reported. Specialized literature has been dealing with ejaculatory disorders in a heterogeneous manner...
August 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636598/opportunities-for-clinical-applications-of-rest-activity-rhythms-in-detecting-and-preventing-mood-disorders
#17
Stephen F Smagula
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Rest-activity rhythm (RAR) measurements may aid in the detection of depression risk and serve as an important target for depression prevention. This review evaluates the strength of current evidence supporting these potential applications. RECENT FINDINGS: Depression is associated with lower activity levels, that is less regularly patterned, and potentially shifted earlier or later in the day. Specific RAR patterns (combinations of several RAR characteristics) in patients with clinical depression may be unique or partially shared across disorders...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627551/inter-personal-violence-and-abuse-in-adolescent-intimate-relationships-mental-health-impact-and-implications-for-practice
#18
Christine Barter, Nicky Stanley
This paper provides a narrative review of the knowledge on inter-personal violence and abuse (IPVA) in adolescents' intimate relationships. It draws on the authors' own research, published reviews, and a rapid review on IPVA victimization and mental health outcomes for adolescents. The research reviewed identified associations between adolescent IPVA and substance misuse, depressive symptoms and PTSD, eating disorders and suicidal thinking, and behaviour in young people. Generally, girls appeared more likely to report severe mental health outcomes than boys...
October 2016: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626513/specificity-and-sensitivity-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-for-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-entering-early-intervention-service
#19
Niklas Granö, Jorma Oksanen, Santeri Kallionpää, Mikko Roine
Previous studies have shown an association between hopelessness and suicidal behaviour in clinical populations. The aim of the study was to investigate sensitivity, specificity, and predictive validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) for suicidal ideation in adolescents who show early risk signs on the psychiatric disorder continuum. Three-hundred and two help-seeking adolescents (mean age = 15.5 years) who were entering an early intervention team at Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland, completed questionnaires of BHS and suicidal ideation, derived from Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II)...
September 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580161/moral-transgression-during-the-vietnam-war-a-path-analysis-of-the-psychological-impact-of-veterans-involvement-in-wartime-atrocities
#20
Paul A Dennis, Nora M Dennis, Elizabeth E Van Voorhees, Patrick S Calhoun, Michelle F Dennis, Jean C Beckham
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Involvement in wartime combat often conveys a number of deleterious outcomes, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, hostility aggression, and suicidal ideation. Less studied is the effect of engagement in wartime atrocities, including witnessing and perpetrating abusive violence. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study employed path analysis to examine the direct effects of involvement in wartime atrocities on hostility, aggression, depression, and suicidal ideation independent of combat exposure, as well as the indirect effects via guilt and PTSD symptom severity among 603 help-seeking male Vietnam War veterans...
August 31, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
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