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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725956/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-pediatric-bipolar-disorder-clinical-correlates-and-impact-on-psychosocial-treatment-outcomes
#1
Heather A MacPherson, Sally M Weinstein, Amy E West
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) in childhood is not well documented, especially among youth with pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study evaluated prevalence and correlates of NSSI, and its impact on intervention response, in a randomized trial of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) versus Treatment As Usual (TAU), adjunctive to pharmacotherapy. This study included 72 children ages 7-13 (58% male) with PBD. NSSI and correlates were assessed at baseline; mood and psychiatric severity were measured longitudinally...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725260/help-seeking-and-suicidality-among-people-with-epilepsy-in-a-rural-low-income-country-setting-cross-sectional-survey
#2
Ruth Tsigebrhan, Charlotte Hanlon, Girmay Medhin, Abebaw Fekadu
BACKGROUNDS: Epilepsy is a serious neurological disorder associated with a high level of psychiatric comorbidity. Suicidality is a recognised complication of epilepsy. As part of developing an integrated service for people with epilepsy (PWE) and priority psychiatric disorders within primary care, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a rural district in Ethiopia to investigate patterns of help-seeking, suicidality and the association with duration of untreated epilepsy (DUE) among PWE...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724423/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-telephone-based-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-tide-telephone-intervention-for-depression
#3
Birgit Watzke, Elisa Haller, Maya Steinmann, Daniela Heddaeus, Martin Härter, Hans-Helmut König, Karl Wegscheider, Thomas Rosemann
BACKGROUND: Despite the availability of evidence-based treatments for depression, a large proportion of patients remains untreated or adequate treatment is initiated with delay. This situation is particularly critical in primary care, where not only most individuals first seek help for their mental health problems, but also depressive disorders - particularly mild to moderate levels of severity - are highly prevalent given the high comorbidity of chronic somatic conditions and depression...
July 19, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645891/health-app-use-among-individuals-with-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety-a-survey-study-with-thematic-coding
#4
Caryn Kseniya Rubanovich, David C Mohr, Stephen M Schueller
BACKGROUND: Researchers have largely turned to commercial app stores, randomized trials, and systematic reviews to make sense of the mHealth landscape. Few studies have approached understanding by collecting information from target end users. The end user perspective is critical as end user interest in and use of mHealth technologies will ultimately drive the efficacy of these tools. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to obtain information from end users of mHealth technologies to better understand the physical and mental health apps people use and for what purposes...
June 23, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587607/design-of-a-syndemic-based-intervention-to-facilitate-care-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-with-high-risk-behaviour-the-syn-bas-in-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Roel C A Achterbergh, Jannie J van der Helm, Wim van den Brink, Henry J C de Vries
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) constitute a risk group for sexual transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. Despite counselling interventions, risk behaviour remains high. Syndemic theory holds that psychosocial problems often co-occur, interact and mutually reinforce each other, thereby increasing high risk behaviours and co-occurring diseases. Therefore, if co-occurring psychosocial problems were assessed and treated simultaneously, this might decrease high risk behaviour and disease...
June 6, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586392/desire-for-a-child-and-eating-disorders-in-women-seeking-infertility-treatment
#6
Mélanie Bruneau, Agnès Colombel, Sophie Mirallié, Thomas Fréour, Jean-Benoit Hardouin, Paul Barrière, Marie Grall-Bronnec
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of EDs in women seeking treatment for infertility, and to better characterize their clinical profile. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty participants completed self-report measures that assessed EDs, desire for a child, body preoccupations, quality of life, anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Ten patients (17%) met criteria for a past or current ED. We showed a significant association between greater body dissatisfaction and a more ambivalent desire for a child...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570912/current-suicidal-ideation-in-treatment-seeking-individuals-in-the-united-kingdom-with-gambling-problems
#7
Silvia Ronzitti, Emiliano Soldini, Neil Smith, Marc N Potenza, Massimo Clerici, Henrietta Bowden-Jones
BACKGROUND: Studies show higher lifetime prevalence of suicidality in individuals with pathological gambling. However, less is known about the relationship between pathological gambling and current suicidal ideation. OBJECTIVES: We investigated socio-demographic, clinical and gambling-related variables associated with suicidality in treatment-seeking individuals. METHODS: Bivariate analyses and logistic regression models were generated on data from 903 individuals to identify measures associated with aspects of suicidality...
May 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549424/high-intensity-therapist-guided-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-alcohol-use-disorder-a-pilot-study
#8
Christopher Sundström, Martin Kraepelien, Niels Eék, Claudia Fahlke, Viktor Kaldo, Anne H Berman
BACKGROUND: A large proportion of individuals with alcohol problems do not seek psychological treatment, but access to such treatment could potentially be increased by delivering it over the Internet. Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is widely recognized as one of the psychological treatments for alcohol problems for which evidence is most robust. This study evaluated a new, therapist-guided internet-based CBT program (entitled ePlus) for individuals with alcohol use disorders. METHODS: Participants in the study (n = 13) were recruited through an alcohol self-help web site ( www...
May 26, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544024/contribution-of-perceived-cognitive-functioning-to-quality-of-life-in-service-members-and-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#9
Noah D Silverberg, Magdalena Wojtowicz, Eric Bui, Rebecca Wershba, Ross Zafonte, Lauren M Laifer, Naomi M Simon, Grant L Iverson
Perceived cognitive impairment is a core clinical feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and may be an important determinant of quality of life (QOL) in those who suffer from this disorder. Using a clinical data repository, we evaluated this hypothesis in a cross-sectional sample of U.S. military service members and veterans who served after September 11, 2001, and were seeking mental health treatment at a tertiary outpatient clinic. A consecutive series of 117 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PTSD completed a battery of questionnaires at intake, including the PTSD Checklist (Weathers, Litz, Herman, Huska, & Keane, 1993), a 4-item Cognitive Symptom subscale of the Neurobehavioral Symptom Inventory (Cicerone & Kalmar, 1995), the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale-21 (Lovibond & Lovibond, 1995), and the Quality of Life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire (Endicott, Nee, Harrison, & Blumenthal, 1993)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528527/health-literacy-and-associated-factors-among-hmong-american-immigrants-addressing-the-health-disparities
#10
Belle P Khuu, Hee Y Lee, Anne Q Zhou
Hmong Americans face a disproportionate health burden ranging from the high prevalence of diabetes to depressive disorders. Little research attention has been paid toward exploring contributing factors to this disparity. As such, the present study seeks to fill the gap in the literature by examining the health literacy levels in Hmong Americans and its associated factors. The present study employed Andersen's behavioral model of health service as the theoretical framework. A cross-sectional survey research design was used and information was gathered from 168 Hmong American immigrants...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501738/performance-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-interpersonal-support-evaluation-list-isel-in-older-adults-with-complicated-grief
#11
Angela Ghesquiere, Theresa Schwartz, Yuanjia Wang, Christine Mauro, Natalia Skritskaya, M Katherine Shear
BACKGROUND: Complicated Grief (CG) is a recently recognized bereavement-related mental health disorder. Social support is commonly measured with the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL), a 40-item, 4-factor, self-report measure. Though the ISEL has been well-studied, no identified research has examined its psychometric properties or performance in older adults with CG. METHODS: We examined the psychometric properties of the ISEL in adults age ≥60 who enrolled in a psychotherapy treatment study for CG in New York City...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498576/a-critique-of-the-ultra-high-risk-and-transition-paradigm
#12
Jim van Os, Sinan Guloksuz
The transdiagnostic expression of psychotic experiences in common mental disorder (anxiety/depression/substance use disorder) is associated with a poorer prognosis, and a small minority of people may indeed develop a clinical picture that meets criteria for schizophrenia. However, it appears neither useful nor valid to observe early states of multidimensional psychopathology in young people through the "schizo"-prism, and apply misleadingly simple, unnecessary and inefficient binary concepts of "risk" and "transition"...
June 2017: World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488251/ethnic-identity-and-regional-differences-in-mental-health-in-a-national-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#13
Monnica T Williams, Gerardo Duque, Chad T Wetterneck, L Kevin Chapman, Ryan C T DeLapp
Prior research has found that a strong positive ethnic identity is a protective factor against anxiety and depression in African Americans. In this study, ethnic identity is examined in a geographically representative sample of African American young adults (n = 242), using the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) (Phinney in J Adolescent Res 7:156-76, 15). The two-factor structure of the measure (Roberts et al. in J Early Adolescence 19:301-22, 1) was analyzed using a structural equation model and displayed an acceptable fit only when multiple error terms were correlated...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435819/psychological-disorders-among-iranian-infertile-couples-undergoing-assisted-reproductive-technology-art
#14
Mansoureh Karimzadeh, Nasser Salsabili, Firouzeh Akbari Asbagh, Robab Teymouri, Golamreza Pourmand, Tahereh Soleimanieh Naeini
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, infertility affects 10%-15% of couples and most of them seek medical help including Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatments. Undergoing ART treatments create many physical and emotional burdens. This study examined the psychological consequences of infertility in Iranian infertile males and females as well as their spouses, unlike previous studies that examined mainly females with infertility. METHODS: Subjects in this descriptive analytical design were recruited from the IVF Department of Mirza Koochak Khan Hospital and the Rouyesh Infertility Treatment Center of Tehran, Iran between Aug 2014 and Sep 2015...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431011/the-relationship-between-pain-characteristics-peer-difficulties-and-emotional-functioning-among-adolescents-seeking-treatment-for-chronic-pain-a-test-of-mediational-models
#15
Sherilynn F Chan, Mark Connelly, Dustin P Wallace
To evaluate patterns of relationships between pain characteristics, peer difficulties, and emotional functioning in a sample of adolescents seeking treatment for chronic pain. Participants were 172 adolescents (age M  = 14.88 years; 76% female, 88% White) with heterogeneous chronic pain disorders who completed measures of pain characteristics, peer difficulties, and emotional functioning before their new patient appointment in a pain management clinic. Direct and indirect relationships between variables were tested using path analysis...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401660/depression-anxiety-and-compulsive-sexual-behaviour-among-men-in-residential-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-the-role-of-experiential-avoidance
#16
Meagan J Brem, Ryan C Shorey, Scott Anderson, Gregory L Stuart
Nearly one-third of individuals in treatment for substance use disorders endorse at-risk levels of compulsive sexual behaviours (CSBs). Untreated sexual compulsivity may facilitate relapse for treatment-seeking men. Previous research and theory suggest that CSBs are maintained by efforts to escape or alter negative affect (e.g., depression and anxiety). However, this hypothesis has not been examined within a sample of men in treatment for substance use disorders. In an effort to better understand CSBs within a population of men with substance use disorders, the present study is the first to examine experiential avoidance as one potential mechanism underlying the relation between men's symptoms of depression and anxiety and their use of CSBs...
April 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394020/-we-will-never-be-normal-the-experience-of-discovering-a-partner-has-autism-spectrum-disorder
#17
Laura F Lewis
Online forums and lay literature suggest that partners of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience depression, distress, and trauma in their everyday lives, exacerbated during the time surrounding diagnosis. In this content analysis, 29 participants were provided with an online open-ended statement asking them to describe in writing their experiences of discovering that their partners had ASD during their relationships. Six themes emerged, including: facing unique challenges within relationships; insisting partners seek diagnosis; initial shock and relief; losing hope for normalcy; making accommodations within relationships; and wishing for professional support...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393966/-comorbidity-in-people-with-depression-seeking-help-at-primary-health-care-centers-in-santiago-chile
#18
Pablo Martínez, Graciela Rojas, Rosemarie Fritsch, Vania Martínez, Paul A Vöhringer, Ariel Castro
BACKGROUND: International evidence has shown the complex interaction between depression and chronic physical diseases. Depression in scenarios involving multiple comorbidities has not received enough attention in Chile. AIM: To characterize the depressed people who consult at Primary Health Care Centers (PHCCs), taking into account the presence of chronic physical or psychiatric comorbidity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of databases used in a clinical trial...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388278/the-interplay-of-history-of-depression-and-craving-in-terms-of-smoking-relapse-among-treatment-seeking-smokers
#19
Rubén Rodríguez-Cano, Daniel J Paulus, Ana López-Durán, Carmela Martínez-Vispo, Elena Fernández Del Río, Elisardo Becoña, Michael J Zvolensky
Although there is an interconnection between history of major depressive disorder and smoking, there has been relatively limited scientific attention oriented on the interplay between history of major depressive disorder and smoking maintenance processes. The current study sought to address whether history of major depressive disorder and post-cessation craving interact in the prediction of relapse among treatment-seeking smokers. Separate models were evaluated as a function of sex. Participants (n = 319, Mage = 41...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Addictive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372906/comorbid-diagnoses-for-youth-at-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis
#20
Jean Addington, Danijela Piskulic, Lu Liu, Jonathan Lockwood, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Thomas H McGlashan, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Carrie E Bearden, Daniel H Mathalon, Scott W Woods
Several studies have demonstrated that youth at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis have a high prevalence of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Less is known about the impact of comorbid diagnoses on later conversion to psychosis and the change over time. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and distribution of psychiatric diagnoses at baseline and over time in the North American Prodrome Longitudinal Study (NAPLS 2) and the role of comorbid diagnoses in conversion to psychosis. The NAPLS 2 sample consisted of 744 CHR youth and 276 healthy controls...
March 31, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
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