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Ralstonia pickettii

Panu Pimviriyakul, Kittisak Thotsaporn, Jeerus Sucharitakul, Pimchai Chaiyen
The accumulation of chlorophenols (CPs) in the environment, due to their wide use as agrochemicals, has become a serious environmental problem. These organic halides can be degraded by aerobic microorganisms, where the initial steps of various biodegradation pathways include an oxidative dechlorinating process in which chloride is replaced by a hydroxyl substituent. Harnessing these dechlorinating processes could provide an opportunity for environmental remediation, but detailed catalytic mechanisms for these enzymes are not yet known...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yin-Yin Chen, Wan-Tsuei Huang, Chia-Ping Chen, Shu-Mei Sun, Fu-Mei Kuo, Yu-Jiun Chan, Shu-Chen Kuo, Fu-Der Wang
OBJECTIVE Ralstonia pickettii has caused contamination of pharmaceutical solutions in many countries, resulting in healthcare infections or outbreak events. We determined the source of the outbreak of R. pickettii bloodstream infection (BSI). METHODS This study was conducted in a 3,000-bed tertiary referral medical center in Taiwan with >8,500 admissions during May 2015. Patients had been treated in the injection room or chemotherapy room at outpatient departments, emergency department, or hospital wards...
January 24, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Darwin Tejera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Kevin McKernan, Jessica Spangler, Yvonne Helbert, Ryan C Lynch, Adrian Devitt-Lee, Lei Zhang, Wendell Orphe, Jason Warner, Theodore Foss, Christopher J Hudalla, Matthew Silva, Douglas R Smith
Background: The presence of bacteria and fungi in medicinal or recreational Cannabis poses a potential threat to consumers if those microbes include pathogenic or toxigenic species. This study evaluated two widely used culture-based platforms for total yeast and mold (TYM) testing marketed by 3M Corporation and Biomérieux, in comparison with a quantitative PCR (qPCR) approach marketed by Medicinal Genomics Corporation. Methods: A set of 15 medicinal Cannabis samples were analyzed using 3M and Biomérieux culture-based platforms and by qPCR to quantify microbial DNA...
2016: F1000Research
Ivone Vaz-Moreira, Javier Tamames, José Luis Martínez, Célia M Manaia
The genomes of two Ralstonia pickettii strains (H2Cu2 and H2Cu5), isolated from hospital effluent in a selective medium containing CuSO4, were sequenced. They presented MICs of >256 and 6 µg/ml for the aminoglycoside gentamicin, respectively. The 5.2-Mb draft genomes have 40 contigs for strain H2Cu2 and 113 for H2Cu5.
November 10, 2016: Genome Announcements
Darwin Tejera, Gino Limongi, Mauricio Bertullo, Mario Cancela
Ralstonia pickettii is a low-virulence gram-negative bacillus that may be associated with infections related to health care and may cause bacteremia. Ralstonia pickettii bacteremia is uncommon but is related to the contamination of medical products, mainly in immunodepressed patients. We present two cases of patients on chronic hemodialysis with Ralstonia pickettii bacteremia linked to contamination of the dialysis water. Similar cases have been published with links to intravenous fluid administration, medication ampules, and the use of extracorporeal oxygenation membranes, among other factors...
June 2016: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
Ying Huang, Ying Cao, Mengchen Zou, Xiangrong Luo, Ya Jiang, Yaoming Xue, Fang Gao
Objective. To compare the efficacy of swabbing versus tissue biopsy for microbiological diagnosis of diabetic foot infection. Methods. This was a prospective trial. Fifty-six patients with diabetic foot infection were divided into the following 3 groups according to the PEDIS grading system: grade 2 (n = 10), grade 3 (n = 29), and grade 4 (n = 17). Two specimens were collected from each wound for microbial culturing after debridement, including a superficial swab and a deep tissue punch biopsy specimen. Results...
2016: International Journal of Endocrinology
A M Al-Sadi, H A Al-Zakwani, A Nasehi, S S Al-Mazroui, I H Al-Mahmooli
BACKGROUND: Potting media are commonly used by growers in different parts of the world for potted plants, raising seedlings and for improving soil characteristics. This study was conducted to characterize bacterial communities occurring in 13 commercial potting media products originating from seven countries. FINDINGS: Bacteria were isolated using serial dilution. Identification to the species level was based on phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA gene. The analysis showed the association of 13 bacterial species with the different potting media samples, namely Arthrobacter livingstonensis, Kocuria flava, Leifsonia lichenia, Bacillus vallismortis, Bacillus pumilus, Staphylococcus warneri, Burkholderia phenazinium, Burkholderia sp...
2016: SpringerPlus
Mohamed A Attia, Amal E Ali, Tamer M Essam, Magdy A Amin
Burkholderia cepaciahas recently received a considerable attention as one of the major risks in susceptible pharmaceutical products. This microorganism can easily propagate and cause vast and severe contamination, especially to the water supplies for pharmaceutical companies. Moreover, it proliferates within the products and can cause severe infections for humans. Therefore, fast and sensitive detection of these bacteria is of a great demand. The present study introduces improved application of a polymerase chain reaction assay with relatively high sensitivity and specificity for the direct detection ofB...
March 2016: PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology
Vanessa Lünsmann, Uwe Kappelmeyer, René Benndorf, Paula M Martinez-Lavanchy, Anja Taubert, Lorenz Adrian, Marcia Duarte, Dietmar H Pieper, Martin von Bergen, Jochen A Müller, Hermann J Heipieper, Nico Jehmlich
In constructed wetlands, organic pollutants are mainly degraded via microbial processes. Helophytes, plants that are commonly used in these systems, provide oxygen and root exudates to the rhizosphere, stimulating microbial degradation. While the treatment performance of constructed wetlands can be remarkable, a mechanistic understanding of microbial degradation processes in the rhizosphere is still limited. We investigated microbial toluene removal in a constructed wetland model system combining 16S rRNA gene sequencing, metaproteomics and (13) C-toluene in situ protein-based stable isotope probing (protein-SIP)...
April 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Rachel Thompson, Connie J Gebhart, Aníbal G Armién, Karen Olsen, Doug Marthaler, James M Rasmussen, Tiffany M Wolf, Arno Wünschmann
Fifteen Daurian pika (Ochotona dauurica) were introduced to a zoological collection in December 2011 as founders for a planned breeding colony. Despite breeding success, the colony shrunk over 37 mo to 11 animals. Mortality in 11 of 46 deceased animals, including wild-caught "founders" and captive-born offspring, was associated with a suppurative inflammation and abscess formation of the spleen, skin, peripheral and internal lymph nodes, liver, lungs, kidney, or a combination of organs. Gram-negative, non-fermenting, rod-shaped bacteria were isolated from the abscesses in all cases...
September 2015: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
C-M Chen, J-J Liu, C-W Chou, C-H Lai, L-T Wu
AIM: To investigate the biochemical and functional properties of an extracellular protease, RpA, in Ralstonia pickettii WP1 isolated from water supply systems. METHODS AND RESULTS: An extracellular protease was identified and characterized from R. pickettii WP1. A mutant strain WP1M2 was created from strain WP1 by mini-Tn5 transposition. The culture filtrates from WP1M2 had a lower cytotoxic effect than the parental WP1 on several mammalian cell lines. Cloning and sequence analysis revealed the Tn5 transposon inserted at a protease gene (rpA) which is 81% homologous to prtA and aprX genes of Pseudomonas fluorescens...
October 2015: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Himadri Choudhury, Animesh Jindal, Avinash Pathengay, Harry W Flynn
PURPOSE: To report an outbreak of endophthalmitis in three eyes of two patients following intravitreal methotrexate, caused by Ralstonia pickettii. DESIGN: Retrospective, noncomparative, consecutive case series. METHODS: Medical records and microbiology results of two patients who presented with acute endophthalmitis following intravitreal methotrexate injection in November 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: Following intravitreal injections, the patients experienced pain and decrease in vision in the affected eye within 24 hours of receiving intravitreal methotrexate injection...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
Cristina Becerra-Castro, Rita A Machado, Ivone Vaz-Moreira, Célia M Manaia
Some metals are nowadays considered environmental pollutants. Although some, like Cu and Zn, are essential for microorganisms, at high concentrations they can be toxic or exert selective pressures on bacteria. This study aimed to assess the potential of Cu or Zn as selectors of specific bacterial populations thriving in wastewater. Populations of Escherichia coli recovered on metal-free and metal-supplemented culture medium were compared based on antibiotic resistance phenotype and other traits. In addition, the bacterial groups enriched after successive transfers in metal-supplemented culture medium were identified...
October 15, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
Joseph Orme, Tomas Rivera-Bonilla, Akil Loli, Negin N Blattman
Ralstonia pickettii is a rare pathogen and even more rare in healthy individuals. Here we report a case of R. pickettii bacteremia leading to aortic valve abscess and complete heart block. To our knowledge this is the first case report of Ralstonia species causing infective endocarditis with perivalvular abscess.
2015: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Chih-Yu Chen, Shao-Hsiung Yen, Ying-Chien Chung
An efficient treatment system that combines a photoreactor and packed bed bioreactor (PBR) was developed and evaluated for treating ethyl violet (EV)-containing wastewater. Initial experiments demonstrated that the optimal operating parameters for the photoreactor in treating EV-containing wastewater were 2h reaction time, pH of 7, and 2 min liquid retention time. Under these conditions, the photocatalytic reaction achieved a 61% EV removal efficiency and resulted in a significant BOD/COD increase in the solution...
December 2014: Chemosphere
H E Daligault, K W Davenport, T D Minogue, S M Broomall, D C Bruce, P S Chain, S R Coyne, H S Gibbons, J Jaissle, C-C Lo, L Meincke, A C Munk, C N Rosenzweig, S L Johnson
We present the genome assembly of Ralstonia pickettii K-288 (ATCC 27511), consisting of 27 contigs placed into a single scaffold. This 4.76-Mbp genome has 64.0% G+C content and 4,425 coding sequences. Because this is the type strain, inclusion of its data set among other Ralstonia genomes should provide a historical genomic perspective.
2014: Genome Announcements
Pieter Monsieurs, Kristel Mijnendonckx, Ann Provoost, Kasthuri Venkateswaran, C Mark Ott, Natalie Leys, Rob Van Houdt
Ralstonia pickettii SSH4 and CW2 were isolated from space equipment. Here, we report their draft genome sequences with the aim of gaining insight into their potential to adapt to these environments.
2014: Genome Announcements
Sara Vincenti, Gianluigi Quaranta, Concetta De Meo, Stefania Bruno, Maria Giovanna Ficarra, Serena Carovillano, Walter Ricciardi, Patrizia Laurenti
This study provides a detailed description of the distribution of non-fermentative gram-negative bacteria (NFGNB) collected in water sources (tap water and water used for haemodialysis and bronchoscope flushing) from different wards of a tertiary care hospital. The aim is to identify risk practices for patients or to alert clinicians to the possible contamination of environment and medical devices. The resistance profile of NFGNB environmental isolates has shown that more than half (55.56%) of the strains isolated were resistant to one or more antibiotics tested in different antimicrobial categories...
November 15, 2014: Science of the Total Environment
K Cansu Yanık-Yıldırım, Gönül Vardar-Schara
A novel toluene monooxygenase (TMO) six-gene cluster from Bradyrhizobium sp. BTAi1 having an overall 35, 36, and 38 % protein similarity with toluene o-xylene monooxygenase (ToMO) of Pseudomonas sp. OX1, toluene 4-monooxygenase (T4MO) of Pseudomonas mendocina KR1, and toluene-para-monooxygenase (TpMO) of Ralstonia pickettii PKO1, respectively, was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli TG1, and its potential activity was investigated for aromatic hydroxylation and trichloroethylene (TCE) degradation. The natural substrate toluene was hydroxylated to p-cresol, indicating that the new toluene monooxygenase (T4MO·BTAi1) acts as a para hydroxylating enzyme, similar to T4MO and TpMO...
November 2014: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
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