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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316211/-study-on-li-ting-an-s-contribution-to-military-medicine-during-1932-1943
#1
Y C Li
From 1920, Li Ting'an started to pay attention to military medicine. At the beginning of the Anti-Japanese War, Li Ting'an compiled books of military medicine, restored the health office, participated in the compilation of first aid measures, rehabilitation outlines, and methods of protection practice, and preparing the establishment of hospitals for wounded soldiers in order to support the Anti-Japanese War. At that time, he was appointed as the anti-epidemic commissioner of South China to organize and conduct the epidemic prevention works in the War...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302376/emerging-trends-in-antibiotic-resistance-implications-for-emergency-medicine
#2
Ali Pourmand, Maryann Mazer-Amirshahi, Gregory Jasani, Larissa May
BACKGROUND: Many bacteria are demonstrating increasing levels of resistance to commonly used antibiotics. While this has implications for the healthcare system as a whole, many patients infected with these resistant organisms will initially present to the emergency department (ED). The purpose of this review is to provide a summary of current trends in infections caused by the most clinically relevant resistant organisms encountered in emergency medicine. METHODS: Bacteria were selected based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Action Plan for Combating Antibiotic Resistant Bacteria, and PubMed database...
March 7, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292189/translating-agricultural-health-and-medicine-education-across-the-pacific-a-united-states-and-australian-comparison-study
#3
Susan A Brumby, Josie Ruldolphi, Diane Rohlman, Kelley J Donham
BACKGROUND: Populations in agricultural communities require<b> </b>health care that is interdisciplinary and cross-sectoral to address the high rate of workplace deaths, preventable injuries and illness. These rates are compounded by limited access to services and the distinctive personal values and culture of farming populations, which both health and rural practitioners must be aware of to reduce the gap between rural and urban population health outcomes. To address the unique health and medical characteristics of agricultural populations, education in agricultural medicine was established through the College of Medicine and the College of Public Health at the University of Iowa in the USA...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289853/information-mismatch-cancer-risk-counseling-with-diverse-underserved-patients
#4
Galen Joseph, Rena J Pasick, Dean Schillinger, Judith Luce, Claudia Guerra, Janice Ka Yan Cheng
As genetics and genomics become part of mainstream Medicine, these advances have the potential to reduce or exacerbate health disparities. Gaps in effective communication (where all parties share the same meaning) are widely recognized as a major contributor to health disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine GC-patient communication in real time, to assess its effectiveness from the patient perspective, and then to pilot intervention strategies to improve the communication. We observed 64 English-, 35 Spanish- and 25 Chinese-speaking (n = 124) public hospital patients and 10 GCs in 170 GC appointments, and interviewed 49 patients who were offered testing using the audio recordings to stimulate recall and probe specific aspects of the communication...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283121/health-care-expenditures-associated-with-pollution-exploratory-methods-and-findings
#5
Alexander S Preker, Olusoji O Adeyi, Marisa Gil Lapetra, Diane-Charlotte Simon, Eric Keuffel
BACKGROUND: The research done for this paper is part of the background analysis undertaken to support the work of the Global Commission on Pollution, Health and Development, an initiative of The Lancet, the Global Alliance on Health and Pollution, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. The paper expands on areas where the current literature has gaps in knowledge related to the health care cost of pollution. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to generate an initial estimate of total tangible health care expenditure attributable to man-made pollution affecting air, soil and water...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282717/path-to-personalized-medicine-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-reality-and-hope
#6
Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi, Mandana Hasanzad, Bagher Larijani
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is recognized as a public health problem and increasingly prevalent illness. Key elements of the guideline for diabetes care are based on evidence-based medicine approach and apply for population, not individuals. However, individualized care can improve diabetes management. Personalized medicine is otherwise called precision medicine tries to find better prediction, prevention, and intervention for T2DM individuals. Precision medicine in diabetes refers to the utility of genomics data of a patient with diabetes to provide the most effective diagnosis strategies and treatment plans...
March 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279261/cervical-cancer-prevention-in-upper-middle-income-countries
#7
Ana Cecilia Rodríguez, Jorge Salmerón
The manuscripts by Tota et al. and by Rossi et al., in this issue of Preventive Medicine provide ample evidence regarding the urgent need to switch to HPV based screening programs and how it will become even more imperative once HPV vaccinated girls reach the cervical cancer screening age. Worldwide primary prevention with vaccination is the final goal; but, in the coming 2 to 3 decades most of the prevention should be done through screening and treatment of precancerous lesions. Cervical cancer remains a major public health problem in upper-middle income countries (UMICs)...
May 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278143/confidentiality-issues-and-use-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-services-among-sexually-experienced-persons-aged-15-25-years-united-states-2013-2015
#8
Jami S Leichliter, Casey Copen, Patricia J Dittus
National-level data are limited regarding confidentiality-related issues and the use of sexually transmitted disease (STD) services for adolescents and young adults. Changes in the U.S. health care system have permitted dependent children to remain on a parent's health insurance plan until the child's 26th birthday and required coverage of certain preventive services, including some STD services, without cost sharing for most plans (1,2). Although these provisions likely facilitate access to the health care system, adolescents and young adults might not seek care or might delay seeking care for certain services because of concerns about confidentiality, including fears that their parents might find out (3,4)...
March 10, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260941/is-there-evidence-that-we-should-screen-the-general-population-for-lynch-syndrome-with-genetic-testing-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Anya E R Prince, R Jean Cadigan, Gail E Henderson, James P Evans, Michael Adams, Emmanuel Coker-Schwimmer, Dolly C Penn, Marcia Van Riper, Giselle Corbie-Smith, Daniel E Jonas
BACKGROUND: The emerging dual imperatives of personalized medicine and technologic advances make population screening for preventable conditions resulting from genetic alterations a realistic possibility. Lynch syndrome is a potential screening target due to its prevalence, penetrance, and the availability of well-established, preventive interventions. However, while population screening may lower incidence of preventable conditions, implementation without evidence may lead to unintentional harms...
2017: Pharmacogenomics and Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257612/health-care-in-high-school-athletics-in-west-virginia
#10
Kyle Schneider, Wesley Meeteer, Jill A Nolan, H David Campbell
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of implementation of emergency preparedness procedures and administrative procedures to provide appropriate medical coverage to high school athletics in the predominantly rural US state of West Virginia. Particular attention was given to determine the extent to which the schools provided the recommendations for best practice in the National Athletic Trainers Association consensus statement outlining appropriate medical coverage for high school athletics...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257475/awareness-and-attitudes-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-for-hiv-prevention-among-physicians-in-guatemala-implications-for-country-wide-implementation
#11
Ian Ross, Carlos Mejia, Johanna Melendez, Philip A Chan, Amy C Nunn, William Powderly, Katherine Goodenberger, Jingxia Liu, Kenneth H Mayer, Rupa R Patel
INTRODUCTION: HIV continues to be a major health concern with approximately 2.1 million new infections occurring worldwide in 2015. In Central America, Guatemala had the highest incident number of HIV infections (3,700) in 2015. Antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) was recently recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) as an efficacious intervention to prevent HIV transmission. PrEP implementation efforts are underway in Guatemala and success will require providers that are knowledgeable and willing to prescribe PrEP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249703/joint-document-of-the-spanish-society-of-infectious-diseases-and-clinical-microbiology-seimc-and-the-spanish-society-of-preventive-medicine-public-health-and-hygiene-sempsph-for-combating-antimicrobial-resistance
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244578/water-safety-in-healthcare-facilities-the-vieste-charter
#13
L Bonadonna, M Cannarozzi de Grazia, S Capolongo, B Casini, M L Cristina, G Daniele, D D'Alessandro, O De Giglio, A Di Benedetto, G Di Vittorio, E Ferretti, B Frascolla, G La Rosa, L La Sala, M G Lopuzzo, L Lucentini, M T Montagna, U Moscato, C Pasquarella, R Prencipe, M L Ricci, V Romano Spica, C Signorelli, E Veschetti
The Study Group on Hospital Hygiene of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health (GISIO-SItI) and the Local Health Authority of Foggia, Apulia, Italy, after the National Convention "Safe water in healthcare facilities" held in Vieste-Pugnochiuso on 27-28 May 2016, present the "Vieste Charter", drawn up in collaboration with experts from the National Institute of Health and the Ministry of Health. This paper considers the risk factors that may affect the water safety in healthcare facilities and reports the current regulatory frameworks governing the management of installations and the quality of the water...
March 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219279/the-medicalization-of-health-and-shared-responsibility
#14
Gianmarco Contino
Public, occupational and environmental health are relatively novel disciplines compared to the ancient history of medicine. Their development, together with a more insightful knowledge of the human pathophysiology (this more usual term is the one used in the article itself), have progressively expanded the field of investigation of medicine to environmental, behavioural and genetic factors that favour the development of certain medical conditions. As a result we have developed numerous additional strategies to monitor health and prevent disease, including interventions in anticipation of diseases themselves when patients are still healthy or in a grey area of increased risk...
April 2016: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217264/eight-essential-foods-in-iranian-traditional-medicine-and-their-role-in-health-promotion-and-well-being
#15
REVIEW
Mehrdad Zeinalian, Mehdi Eshaghi, Mahdi Hadian, Homayoun Naji, Sayed Mohammad Masoud Marandi, Sedigheh Asgary
Eight essential foods (EEF) described in Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) have a determinant role to balance human temperament insuring health and well-being. EEF included oral, imaginary, auditory, visual, olfactory, touch, sexual, and familiarity food. Oral foods should be halal, compatible with individual temper, consumed up twice a day, and compatible with different seasons and geographic conditions. Imaginary food consists of the individual thought content which is directly related to mental and physical fitness...
2017: International Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196487/anti-hsv-2-activity-of-terminalia-chebula-retz-extract-and-its-constituents-chebulagic-and-chebulinic-acids
#16
Ajay Kesharwani, Suja Kizhiyedath Polachira, Reshmi Nair, Aakanksha Agarwal, Nripendra Nath Mishra, Satish Kumar Gupta
BACKGROUND: Development of new and effective therapeutics for sexually transmitted herpes simplex virus-2 (HSV-2) infection is important from public health perspective. With an aim to identify natural products from medicinal plants, in the present study, the potential of Terminalia chebula Retz was investigated for its activity against HSV-2. METHODS: Fruits of Terminalia chebula Retz were used to prepare 50% ethanolic extract. In addition, chebulagic acid and chebulinic acid both purified from T...
February 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194725/otophylloside-b-protects-against-a%C3%AE-toxicity-in-caenorhabditis-elegans-models-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Jie Yang, Xiao-Bing Huang, Qin-Li Wan, Ai-Jun Ding, Zhong-Lin Yang, Ming-Hua Qiu, Hua-Ying Sun, Shu-Hua Qi, Huai-Rong Luo
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a major public health concern worldwide and the few drugs currently available only treat the symptoms. Hence, there is a strong need to find more effective anti-AD agents. Cynanchum otophyllum is a traditional Chinese medicine for treating epilepsy, and otophylloside B (Ot B), isolated from C. otophyllum, is the essential active component. Having previously identified anti-aging effects of Ot B, we evaluated Ot B for AD prevention in C. elegans models of AD and found that Ot B extended lifespan, increased heat stress-resistance, delayed body paralysis, and increased the chemotaxis response...
February 13, 2017: Natural Products and Bioprospecting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194329/understanding-breast-cancer-the-long-and-winding-road
#18
REVIEW
Kiven Erique Lukong
BACKGROUND: Despite a remarkable increase in the depth of our understanding and management of breast cancer in the past 50 years, the disease is still a major public health problem worldwide and poses significant challenges. The palpability of breast tumors has facilitated diagnosis and documentation since ancient times. The earliest descriptions of breast cancer date back to around 3500 BCE. For centuries to follow, theories by Hippocrates (460 BCE) and Galen (200 CE), attributing the cause of breast cancer to an "excess of black bile" and treatment options including the use of opium and castor oil, prevailed...
June 2017: BBA Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192033/seven-foundational-principles-of-population-health-policy
#19
Dru Bhattacharya, Jay Bhatt
In 2016, Keyes and Galea issued 9 foundational principles of population health science and invited further deliberations by specialists to advance the field. This article presents 7 foundational principles of population health policy whose intersection with health care, public health, preventive medicine, and now population health, presents unique challenges. These principles are in response to a number of overarching questions that have arisen in over a decade of the authors' collective practice in the public and private sectors, and having taught policy within programs of medicine, law, nursing, and public health at the graduate and executive levels...
February 13, 2017: Population Health Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191540/hepatitis-c-in-cameroon-what-is-the-progress-from-2001-to-2016
#20
Borris Rosnay Tietcheu Galani, Richard Njouom, Paul Fewou Moundipa
Chronic hepatitis C is a major public health problem in sub-Saharan countries and particularly in Cameroon where the prevalence rate is around 7.6% in the age group of 55-59 years. Recent investigations into this infection allowed defining a national seroprevalence, characterizing virological and biological profiles of infected patients and identifying medicinal plants of potential interest in hepatitis C therapy. However, in Cameroon, no existing report currently presents a good overview of hepatitis C research in relation to these parameters...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
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