keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Public health , preventive medicine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924678/gender-opportunities-in-psychosocial-oncology
#1
Matthew Loscalzo, Karen Clark
So much has happened since the original publication of this chapter. In some ways, the progress made in appreciating the full spectrum of sexual and gender expression has been uneven and in some nations, there has been serious regression and resulting repression. But overall, especially in the industrialized countries, there is much greater awareness of sex and gender and its importance in health and well being. In this updated chapter, we put sex and gender into a historical context that is relevant to psycho-oncology and that openly accepts that society overall, is highly conflicted when it comes to how women and men get the best out of each other, never mind how to best integrate lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) communities...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915116/a-review-of-tunisian-medicinal-plants-with-anticancer-activity
#2
Wissem Aidi Wannes, Moufida Saidani Tounsi, Brahim Marzouk
Cancer is a major public health problem in the world. The use of the medicinal plants in cancer prevention and management is frequent in Africa, especially in Tunisia, and it is transmitted from generation to generation within cultures. Many previous studies showed that a wide range of Tunisian medicinal plants exerted cytotoxic and anticancer activity. A comprehensive review was conducted to collect information from scientific journal articles, including indigenous knowledge researches, about Tunisian medicinal plants used for the prevention and management of cancer...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Complementary & Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906539/a-programme-to-increase-appropriate-usage-of-benzathine-penicillin-for-management-of-streptococcal-pharyngitis-and-rheumatic-heart-disease-in-zambia
#3
Aidan Long, Joyce Chipili Lungu, Elizabeth Machila, Sherri Schwaninger, Jonathan Spector, Brigitta Tadmor, Mark Fishman, Bongani M Mayosi, John Musuku
Rheumatic heart disease is highly prevalent and associated with substantial morbidity and mortality in many resource-poor areas of the world, including sub-Saharan Africa. Primary and secondary prophylaxis with penicillin has been shown to significantly improve outcomes and is recognised to be the standard of care, with intra-muscular benzathine penicillin G recommended as the preferred agent by many technical experts. However, ensuring compliance with therapy has proven to be challenging. As part of a public-private partnership initiative in Zambia, we conducted an educational and access-to-medicine programme aimed at increasing appropriate use of benzathine penicillin for the prevention and management of rheumatic heart disease, according to national guidelines...
July 2017: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905431/including-health-promotion-and-illness-prevention-in-medical-education-a-progress-report
#4
Richard Hays
CONTEXT: In 1988, the World Federation of Medical Education called for reform in medical education, publishing 12 recommendations. The sixth recommendation of this Edinburgh Declaration was to 'complement instruction about the management of patients with increased emphasis on promotion of health and prevention of disease'. Thirty years on, this paper reports an exploration of what has changed since then. METHODS: Several search strategies were used, including websites of medical standards organisations, and formal searches of PubMed and Google Scholar using key words such as 'medical education standards', 'health promotion', 'illness prevention', 'effectiveness' and 'assessment'...
September 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900362/knowledge-and-training-needs-on-built-environment-and-indoor-health-of-italian-public-health-residents-a-national-survey
#5
REVIEW
L Capasso, F Campanella, C Costantino, M Gaeta, S Capolongo, M Arpesella, D D'Alessandro
INTRODUCTION: The Working Group for Hygiene of Built Environment and the National Council of Residents of the Italian Society of Hygiene, Preventive Medicine and Public Health conducted a nation-wide survey to evaluate the knowledge and training needs on Built Environment and Indoor Health of Italian public health residents. RESULTS: The compliance was very high (52,4%), covering the totality of Italian postgraduate schools. The results underline a severe lack of theoretical formation and practical training, but also diffuse discrepancies across the country, and show a strong interest of residents on this topic...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900352/exploring-patient-safety-culture-in-preventive-medicine-settings-an-experience-from-northern-italy
#6
REVIEW
C Tereanu, G Sampietro, F Sarnataro, G Mazzoleni, B Pesenti, L C Sala, R Cecchetti, M Arvati, D Brioschi, M Viscardi, C Prati, G Sala, G G Barbaglio
INTRODUCTION: Patient safety and quality in healthcare are inseparable. Examining patient safety culture in staff members contributes to further develop quality in healthcare. In Italy there has been some experience in assessing patient safety culture in staff working in hospital. In this pilot study we explored patient safety culture in public health staff working in Italian Local Health Authorities. METHODS: We carried out a descriptive cross sectional study in four Italian territorial Prevention facilities in Northern Italy...
June 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899847/enhancing-seasonal-influenza-surveillance-topic-analysis-of-widely-used-medicinal-drugs-using-twitter-data
#7
Ireneus Kagashe, Zhijun Yan, Imran Suheryani
BACKGROUND: Uptake of medicinal drugs (preventive or treatment) is among the approaches used to control disease outbreaks, and therefore, it is of vital importance to be aware of the counts or frequencies of most commonly used drugs and trending topics about these drugs from consumers for successful implementation of control measures. Traditional survey methods would have accomplished this study, but they are too costly in terms of resources needed, and they are subject to social desirability bias for topics discovery...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893747/the-health-and-well-being-of-australia-s-future-medical-doctors-protocol-for-a-5-year-observational-cohort-study-of-medical-trainees
#8
Erin Cvejic, Gordon Parker, Samuel B Harvey, Zachery Steel, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Claire L Macnamara, Uté Vollmer-Conna
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training in the undergraduate medical course places multiple stressors on trainees, which have been held to lead to heightened distress, depression, suicide, substance misuse/abuse and poor mental health outcomes. To date, evidence for morbidity in trainees is largely derived from cross-sectional survey-based research. This limits the accuracy of estimates and the extent to which predispositional vulnerabilities (biological and/or psychological), contextual triggers and longer-term consequences can be validly identified...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892437/public-health-system-research-in-public-health-emergency-preparedness-in-the-united-states-2009-2015-actionable-knowledge-base
#9
REVIEW
Elena Savoia, Leesa Lin, Dottie Bernard, Noah Klein, Lyndon P James, Stefano Guicciardi
BACKGROUND: In 2008, the Institute of Medicine released a letter report identifying 4 research priority areas for public health emergency preparedness in public health system research: (1) enhancing the usefulness of training, (2) improving timely emergency communications, (3) creating and maintaining sustainable response systems, and (4) generating effectiveness criteria and metrics. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify and characterize public health system research in public health emergency preparedness produced in the United States from 2009 to 2015, (2) synthesize research findings and assess the level of confidence in these findings, and (3) describe the evolution of knowledge production in public health emergency preparedness system research...
September 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889247/guidelines-for-autopsy-investigation-of-sudden-cardiac-death-2017-update-from-the-association-for-european-cardiovascular-pathology
#10
Cristina Basso, Beatriz Aguilera, Jytte Banner, Stephan Cohle, Giulia d'Amati, Rosa Henriques de Gouveia, Cira di Gioia, Aurelie Fabre, Patrick J Gallagher, Ornella Leone, Joaquin Lucena, Lubov Mitrofanova, Pilar Molina, Sarah Parsons, Stefania Rizzo, Mary N Sheppard, Maria Paz Suárez Mier, S Kim Suvarna, Gaetano Thiene, Allard van der Wal, Aryan Vink, Katarzyna Michaud
Although sudden cardiac death (SCD) is one of the most important modes of death in Western countries, pathologists and public health physicians have not given this problem the attention it deserves. New methods of preventing potentially fatal arrhythmias have been developed and the accurate diagnosis of the causes of SCD is now of particular importance. Pathologists are responsible for determining the precise cause and mechanism of sudden death but there is still considerable variation in the way in which they approach this increasingly complex task...
September 9, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#11
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887343/population-health-and-medicine-policy-and-financial-drivers
#12
Jill E Lavigne, Jack Brown, Gary R Matzke
PURPOSE: The financial and policy levers of population health and potential opportunities for pharmacists are described. SUMMARY: Three long-standing problems drive the focus on population health: (1) the United States suffers far worse population health outcomes compared with those of other developed nations that spend significantly less on healthcare, (2) the U.S. healthcare system's focus on "sick care" fails to address upstream prevention and population health improvement, and (3) financial incentives for healthcare delivery are poorly aligned with improvements in population health outcomes...
September 15, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877208/surveillance-for-falsified-and-substandard-medicines-in-africa-and-asia-by-local-organizations-using-the-low-cost-gphf-minilab
#13
Albert Petersen, Nadja Held, Lutz Heide
BACKGROUND: Substandard and falsified medical products present a serious threat to public health, especially in low- and middle-income countries. Their identification using pharmacopeial analysis is expensive and requires sophisticated equipment and highly trained personnel. Simple, low-cost technologies are required in addition to full pharmacopeial analysis in order to accomplish widespread routine surveillance for poor-quality medicines in low- and middle-income countries. METHODS: Ten faith-based drug supply organizations in seven countries of Africa and Asia were each equipped with a Minilab of the Global Pharma Health Fund (GPHF, Frankfurt, Germany), suitable for the analysis of about 85 different essential medicines by thin-layer chromatography...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875877/how-front-line-healthcare-workers-respond-to-stock-outs-of-essential-medicines-in-the-eastern-cape-province-of-south-africa
#14
R Hodes, I Price, N Bungane, E Toska, L Cluver
Shortages of essential medicines are a daily occurrence in many of South Africa (SA)'s public health facilities. This study focuses on the responses of healthcare workers to stock-outs, investigating how actors at the 'front line' of public health delivery understand, experience and respond to shortages of essential medicines and equipment in their facilities. Findings are based on focus groups, observations and interviews with healthcare workers and patients at healthcare facilities in the Eastern Cape Province of SA, conducted as part of the Mzantsi Wakho study...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864709/early-interventions-for-the-prevention-of-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-survivors-of-critical-illness-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
Lindsey J Glaspey, Michael B Roberts, Anthony Mazzarelli, Stephen Trzeciak, Brian W Roberts
INTRODUCTION: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is being increasingly reported among survivors of critical illness and injury. Previous work has demonstrated that PTSD reduces patient quality of life and ability to return to work, as well as increases healthcare costs. As such, identifying interventions aimed at preventing the development of critical illness-related PTSD could have an important public health impact. The objective of this systematic review is to collate the world's literature on early interventions aimed at preventing PTSD among survivors of critical illness...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861725/proposal-for-the-creation-of-a-national-strategy-for-precision-medicine-in-cancer-a-position-statement-of-seom-seap-and-sefh
#16
P Garrido, A Aldaz, R Vera, M A Calleja, E de Álava, M Martín, X Matías-Guiu, J Palacios
Precision medicine is an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment, and lifestyle for each person. Precision medicine is transforming clinical and biomedical research, as well as health care itself from a conceptual, as well as a methodological viewpoint, providing extraordinary opportunities to improve public health and lower the costs of the healthcare system. However, the implementation of precision medicine poses ethical-legal, regulatory, organizational, and knowledge-related challenges...
August 31, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860891/advances-in-medical-education-and-practice-role-of-massive-open-online-courses
#17
REVIEW
Lynette R Goldberg, Leonard A Crocombe
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are increasingly available in the area of health and medicine. These MOOCs are offered through various commercial and noncommercial online platforms. When offered through reputable institutions, they can provide valuable access to reliable information without the constraints of time, geographical location, or level of education. Most current courses appear introductory in nature. In its drive for quality health care, the National Academy of Medicine has prioritized a focus on known chronic care conditions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856134/interprofessional-oral-health-education-improves-knowledge-confidence-and-practice-for-pediatric-healthcare-providers
#18
REVIEW
Devon Cooper, JungSoo Kim, Karen Duderstadt, Ray Stewart, Brent Lin, Abbey Alkon
Dental caries is the most prevalent chronic childhood disease in the United States. Dental caries affects the health of 60-90% of school-aged children worldwide. The prevalence of untreated early childhood dental caries is 19% for children 2-5 years of age in the U.S. Some factors that contribute to the progression of dental caries include socioeconomic status, access to dental care, and lack of anticipatory guidance. The prevalence of dental caries remains highest for children from specific ethnic or racial groups, especially those living in underserved areas where there may be limited access to a dentist...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836863/the-de-novo-synthesis-of-horsepox-virus-implications-for-biosecurity-and-recommendations-for-preventing-the-reemergence-of-smallpox
#19
Gregory D Koblentz
In March 2017, the American biotech company Tonix announced that a Canadian scientist had synthesized horsepox virus as part of a project to develop a safer vaccine against smallpox. The first de novo synthesis of an orthopoxvirus, a closely related group of viruses that includes horsepox and the variola virus that causes smallpox, crosses an important Rubicon in the field of biosecurity. The synthesis of horsepox virus takes the world one step closer to the reemergence of smallpox as a threat to global health security...
August 24, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811702/precision-medicine-in-need-of-guidance-and-surveillance
#20
EDITORIAL
Jian-Zhen Lin, Jun-Yu Long, An-Qiang Wang, Ying Zheng, Hai-Tao Zhao
Precision medicine, currently a hotspot in mainstream medicine, has been strongly promoted in recent years. With rapid technological development, such as next-generation sequencing, and fierce competition in molecular targeted drug exploitation, precision medicine represents an advance in science and technology; it also fulfills needs in public health care. The clinical translation and application of precision medicine - especially in the prevention and treatment of tumors - is far from satisfactory; however, the aims of precision medicine deserve approval...
July 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
keyword
keyword
36075
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"