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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350555/outcomes-of-latarjet-procedure-compared-with-bankart-repair-for-recurrent-traumatic-anterior-shoulder-instability
#1
Kellie C Huxel Bliven, Gail P Parr
Reference/Citation:  An VV, Sivakumar BS, Phan K, Trantalis J. A systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical and patient-reported outcomes following two procedures for recurrent traumatic anterior instability of the shoulder: Latarjet procedure vs. Bankart repair. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2016;25(5):853-863. CLINICAL QUESTION:   Are clinical and patient-reported outcomes different between the Latarjet and Bankart repair stabilization procedures when performed for recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability? DATA SOURCES:   Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, Cochrane databases, American College of Physicians Journal Club, and Database of Abstracts of Review of Effectiveness were searched up to June 2015...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345485/journal-article-reporting-standards-for-qualitative-primary-qualitative-meta-analytic-and-mixed-methods-research-in-psychology-the-apa-publications-and-communications-board-task-force-report
#2
Heidi M Levitt, Michael Bamberg, John W Creswell, David M Frost, Ruthellen Josselson, Carola Suárez-Orozco
The American Psychological Association Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Standards for Qualitative Research (JARS-Qual Working Group) was charged with examining the state of journal article reporting standards as they applied to qualitative research and with generating recommendations for standards that would be appropriate for a wide range of methods within the discipline of psychology. These standards describe what should be included in a research report to enable and facilitate the review process...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345483/editorial-journal-article-reporting-standards
#3
Anne E Kazak
In this editorial, the author notes that this issue of American Psychologist features a pair of important articles related to newly updated standards for reporting research in psychology in scientific journals, covering both quantitative (Appelbaum et al., 2018) and qualitative (Levitt et al., 2018) research. The increasing breadth and complexity of research, and the importance of communicating it effectively, requires user-friendly resources that can be applied widely to scientific studies. These two articles are intended to serve that purpose, and to encourage thoroughness and accuracy in research reporting, for psychologists and other scientists in broader academic communities...
January 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344902/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-in-magnetic-resonance-environment-basic-aspects-and-review-of-exposure-assessment-approaches
#4
Valentina Hartwig, Stefania Romeo, Olga Zeni
The purpose of this review is to make a contribution to build a comprehensive knowledge of the main aspects related to the occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) environments. Information has been obtained from original research papers published in international peer-reviewed journals in the English language and from documents published by governmental bodies and authorities. An overview of the occupational exposure scenarios to static magnetic fields, motion-induced, time-varying magnetic fields, and gradient and radiofrequency fields is provided, together with a summary of the relevant regulation for limiting exposure...
January 18, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340749/in-pursuit-of-effective-volume-reduction-and-enhanced-aesthetics-for-treatment-of-gigantomastia-using-superior-dermoglandular-pedicle
#5
Betul Gozel Ulusal, Ince Alper
BACKGROUND: Gigantomastia is defined as extreme hypertrophy of the female breast. It is a disabling condition that presents unique challenges to plastic surgeons. Initial breast volume is an important factor affecting the success of the reduction. Usually, it is difficult to achieve small-sized breasts, and long-term results are often unsatisfactory, resulting in complications such as "bottoming-out" deformities. METHODS: This paper presents a case series involving 40 patients (mean age 44...
January 16, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328877/designing-difference-in-difference-studies-best-practices-for-public-health-policy-research
#6
Coady Wing, Kosali Simon, Ricardo A Bello-Gomez
The difference in difference (DID) design is a quasi-experimental research design that researchers often use to study causal relationships in public health settings where randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are infeasible or unethical. However, causal inference poses many challenges in DID designs. In this article, we review key features of DID designs with an emphasis on public health policy research. Contemporary researchers should take an active approach to the design of DID studies, seeking to construct comparison groups, sensitivity analyses, and robustness checks that help validate the method's assumptions...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328777/systematic-review-of-developmental-care-interventions-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-since-2006
#7
Sara Burke
Intervention studies designed to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes of premature infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) were evaluated in this systematic review to analyze research methods, to illuminate the effectiveness of interventions, and to make recommendations for future research. Google Scholar, the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Applied Health Literature, PubMed, and Cochrane databases were investigated to identify experimental and quasi-experimental interventional studies in peer-reviewed journals...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328115/digital-holography-and-3d-imaging-introduction-to-the-joint-feature-issue-in-applied-optics-and-journal-of-the-optical-society-of-america-a
#8
Hoonjong Kang, Byoungho Lee, Tomasz Kozacki, Pascal Picart, Guohai Situ
The OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and 3D Imaging (DH) was held 29 May to 1 June 2017 in Jeju Island, South Korea. Feature issues based on the DH meeting series have been released by Applied Optics (AO) since 2007. This year, AO and the Journal of the Optical Society of America A (JOSA A) jointly decided to have one such feature issue in each journal. This feature issue includes 33 papers in AO and 9 in JOSA A and covers a large range of topics, reflecting the rapidly expanding techniques and applications of digital holography and 3D imaging...
January 1, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328075/digital-holography-and-3d-imaging-introduction-to-the-joint-feature-issue-in-applied-optics-and-journal-of-the-optical-society-of-america-a
#9
Hoonjong Kang, Byoungho Lee, Tomasz Kozacki, Pascal Picart, Guohai Situ
The OSA Topical Meeting on Digital Holography and 3D Imaging (DH) was held 29 May to 1 June 2017 on Jeju Island, South Korea. Feature issues based on the DH meeting series have been released by Applied Optics (AO) since 2007. This year, AO and the Journal of the Optical Society of America A (JOSA A) jointly decided to have one such feature issue in each journal. This feature issue includes 33 papers in AO and 9 in JOSA A and covers a large range of topics, reflecting the rapidly expanding techniques and applications of digital holography and 3D imaging...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics, Image Science, and Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327349/status-of-the-trait-concept-in-contemporary-personality-psychology-are-the-old-questions-still-the-burning-questions
#10
Małgorzata Fajkowska, Shulamith Kreitler
This special issue of Journal of Personality addresses one of the cardinal concerns of personality psychology, namely, the status of traits in contemporary personality science. Trait theory is a major scientific model for personality explanation and research. Although there have been critiques of traits, typically formulated from the point of view of the social-cognitive perspective, the trait approach can be viewed as a continuously developing paradigm. However, personality psychology persists in tackling burning questions concerning the status of traits that need to be answered...
February 2018: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323668/professional-responsibilities-regarding-the-provision-publication-and-dissemination-of-patient-phenotypes-in-the-context-of-clinical-genetic-and-genomic-testing-points-to-consider-a-statement-of-the-american-college-of-medical-genetics-and-genomics-acmg
#11
Lynn W Bush, Anita E Beck, Leslie G Biesecker, James P Evans, Ada Hamosh, Ingrid A Holm, Christa L Martin, C Sue Richards, Heidi L Rehm
Disclaimer: This Points to Consider document is designed as an educational resource to provide best practices for medical genetic clinicians, laboratories, and journals regarding the provision, publication, and dissemination of patient phenotypes in the context of genomic testing, clinical genetic practice, and research. While the goal of the document is the improvement of patient care, the considerations and practices described should not be considered inclusive of all proper considerations and practices or exclusive of others that are reasonably directed to obtaining the same goal...
January 11, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322390/authentication-of-synthetic-environmental-contaminants-and-their-bio-transformation-products-in-toxicology-polychlorinated-biphenyls-as-an-example
#12
Xueshu Li, Erika B Holland, Wei Feng, Jing Zheng, Yao Dong, Isaac N Pessah, Michael W Duffel, Larry W Robertson, Hans-Joachim Lehmler
Toxicological studies use "specialty chemicals" and, thus, should assess and report both identity and degree of purity (homogeneity) of the chemicals (or toxicants) under investigation to ensure that other scientists can replicate experimental results. Although detailed reporting criteria for the synthesis and characterization of organic compounds have been established by organic chemistry journals, such criteria are inconsistently applied to the chemicals used in toxicological studies. Biologically active trace impurities may lead to incorrect conclusions about the chemical entity responsible for a biological response, which in turn may confound risk assessment...
January 10, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317459/incidence-of-neonatal-necrotising-enterocolitis-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Cheryl Battersby, Tharsika Santhalingam, Kate Costeloe, Neena Modi
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of neonatal necrotising enterocolitis (NEC) rates in high-income countries published in peer-reviewed journals. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase and PubMed databases for observational studies published in peer-reviewed journals. We selected studies reporting national, regional or multicentre rates of NEC in 34 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries. Two investigators independently screened studies against predetermined criteria...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317099/-on-alcoholic-beverage-taxation-in-spain
#14
Toni Mora
OBJECTIVE: Review the price elasticity of alcoholic beverages to identify the characteristics we should take into account to make a tax policy proposal. METHOD: Systematic review of articles in EBSCOhost that include in their abstract and title the words alcohol and elasticity and alcohol and tax, over the last 20 years in academic journals in English. RESULTS: We found 11 references. Although price elasticity is quite similar across countries, it is heterogeneous with regard togender, age, consumption level and type of beverage...
January 6, 2018: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315547/introduction-the-transformative-powers-of-aesthetic-experiences-in-psychotherapy
#15
Jesse D Geller
This issue of the Journal of Clinical Psychology: In Session contains seven essays that give expression to three basic convictions. The first is that therapists who are consistently able to help their patients make constructive changes in their lives practice psychotherapy creatively, whether or not they conceive of therapy as an applied science or as an art form. The second is that cultivating an aesthetic perspective on the communicative exchanges that take place in therapy can enhance a therapist's capacity to serve creatively as an agent of change...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305176/content-and-accuracy-of-vaccine-information-on-pediatrician-blogs
#16
Mersine A Bryan, Hailey Gunningham, Megan A Moreno
BACKGROUND: Parents often use social media such as blogs to inform decisions about vaccinations, however little is known about pediatrician blogs addressing vaccines. The objective of this study was to assess content, citations, audience engagement and accuracy of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a content analysis of vaccine information on pediatrician blogs. A national sample of pediatrician blogs was identified using a search rubric of terms applied to multiple search engines...
January 2, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304085/a-new-test-of-multivariate-nonlinear-causality
#17
Zhidong Bai, Yongchang Hui, Dandan Jiang, Zhihui Lv, Wing-Keung Wong, Shurong Zheng
The multivariate nonlinear Granger causality developed by Bai et al. (2010) (Mathematics and Computers in simulation. 2010; 81: 5-17) plays an important role in detecting the dynamic interrelationships between two groups of variables. Following the idea of Hiemstra-Jones (HJ) test proposed by Hiemstra and Jones (1994) (Journal of Finance. 1994; 49(5): 1639-1664), they attempt to establish a central limit theorem (CLT) of their test statistic by applying the asymptotical property of multivariate U-statistic...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303866/pet-and-ictal-spect-can-be-helpful-for-localizing-epileptic-foci
#18
Tim J von Oertzen
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Functional neuroimaging with PET and SPECT is a commonly used tool in presurgical evaluation. The following article reviews the literature of PET and SPECT in presurgical assessment of epilepsies published in the last year. RECENT FINDINGS: FDG-PET adds concomitant information in temporal and extratemporal lobe epilepsy in adults and children. The pattern of hypometabolism in FDG-PET is a good additional predictor or seizure outcome in TLE with mesial temporal sclerosis or negative MRI...
January 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303624/optimization-of-risk-stratification-in-localized-prostate-cancer
#19
Alicia Katherine Morgans
The Oncology Grand Rounds series is designed to place original reports published in the Journal into clinical context. A case presentation is followed by a description of diagnostic and management challenges, a review of the relevant literature, and a summary of the authors' suggested management approaches. The goal of this series is to help readers better understand how to apply the results of key studies, including those published in Journal of Clinical Oncology, to patients seen in their own clinical practice...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302490/a-systematic-review-of-intraoperative-process-mapping-in-surgery
#20
REVIEW
Ru Dee Chung, David J Hunter-Smith, Robert T Spychal, Venkat V Ramakrishnan, Warren Matthew Rozen
Process mapping has been identified as a strategy to improve surgical efficiency but has been inconsistently applied in the literature and underutilised in surgical practice. In this journal, we recently described our utilisation of these approaches when applied to breast reconstruction. We showed that in surgery as complex as autologous breast reconstruction, process mapping can improve efficiency, and may improve surgical teaching, education and audit. The intraoperative period specifically is an area that can be applied not only to breast reconstruction, but to a much broader range of surgical procedures...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
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