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Li Liu, Zijia Lin, Ling Shao, Fumin Shen, Guiguang Ding, Jungong Han
With the dramatic development of the Internet, how to exploit large-scale retrieval techniques for multimodal web data has become one of the most popular but challenging problems in computer vision and multimedia. Recently, hashing methods are used for fast nearest neighbor search in large-scale data spaces, by embedding high-dimensional feature descriptors into a similarity-preserving Hamming space with a low dimension. Inspired by this, in this paper, we introduce a novel supervised cross-modality hashing framework which can generate unified binary codes for instances represented in different modalities...
October 19, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
S MacBride-Stewart, Y Gong, J Antell
OBJECTIVES: Public health has recognized that nature is good for health but there are calls for a review of its gendered aspects. This review attempts to develop and explore a broad analytical theme - the differing interconnections between gender, health and nature. The paper summarizes the interconnections that have been subject to extensive academic enquiry between gender and health, health and space, and gender and space. METHODS: A combination of key terms including place; gender; health; outdoor space; green space; natural environment; national parks; femininity; masculinity; recreation; physical activity; sustainability; ecofeminism; feminism; environmental degradation; and environmental justice were used to search the electronic databases Sociological Abstracts, Web of Science and Scopus to identify relevant articles...
October 20, 2016: Public Health
Sujoy Roy, Brandon C Curry, Behrouz Madahian, Ramin Homayouni
BACKGROUND: The amount of scientific information about MicroRNAs (miRNAs) is growing exponentially, making it difficult for researchers to interpret experimental results. In this study, we present an automated text mining approach using Latent Semantic Indexing (LSI) for prioritization, clustering and functional annotation of miRNAs. RESULTS: For approximately 900 human miRNAs indexed in miRBase, text documents were created by concatenating titles and abstracts of MEDLINE citations which refer to the miRNAs...
October 6, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
H Chai, J Zhang, G Yang, Z Ma
DNA-binding proteins play a pivotal role in various biological activities. Identification of DNA-binding residues (DBRs) is of great importance for understanding the mechanism of gene regulations and chromatin remodeling. Most traditional computational methods usually construct their predictors on static non-redundant datasets. They excluded many homologous DNA-binding proteins so as to guarantee the generalization capability of their models. However, those ignored samples may potentially provide useful clues when studying protein-DNA interactions, which have not obtained enough attention...
October 12, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
S Srivastava, S B Lal, D C Mishra, U B Angadi, K K Chaturvedi, S N Rai, A Rai
BACKGROUND: Protein structure comparison play important role in in silico functional prediction of a new protein. It is also used for understanding the evolutionary relationships among proteins. A variety of methods have been proposed in literature for comparing protein structures but they have their own limitations in terms of accuracy and complexity with respect to computational time and space. There is a need to improve the computational complexity in comparison/alignment of proteins through incorporation of important biological and structural properties in the existing techniques...
2016: Algorithms for Molecular Biology: AMB
Daniel Moreira, Sandra Avila, Mauricio Perez, Daniel Moraes, Vanessa Testoni, Eduardo Valle, Siome Goldenstein, Anderson Rocha
As web technologies and social networks become part of the general public's life, the problem of automatically detecting pornography is into every parent's mind - nobody feels completely safe when their children go online. In this paper, we focus on video-pornography classification, a hard problem in which traditional methods often employ still-image techniques - labeling frames individually prior to a global decision. Frame-based approaches, however, ignore significant cogent information brought by motion...
September 21, 2016: Forensic Science International
Prudence Mutowo, A Patrícia Bento, Nathan Dedman, Anna Gaulton, Anne Hersey, Jane Lomax, John P Overington
BACKGROUND: The process of discovering new drugs is a lengthy, time-consuming and expensive process. Modern day drug discovery relies heavily on the rapid identification of novel 'targets', usually proteins that can be modulated by small molecule drugs to cure or minimise the effects of a disease. Of the 20,000 proteins currently reported as comprising the human proteome, just under a quarter of these can potentially be modulated by known small molecules Storing information in curated, actively maintained drug discovery databases can help researchers access current drug discovery information quickly...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Semantics
Basile Chaix, Yan Kestens, Dustin T Duncan, Ruben Brondeel, Julie Méline, Tarik El Aarbaoui, Bruno Pannier, Juan Merlo
Environmental health studies have examined associations between context and health with individuals as statistical units. However, investigators have been unable to investigate momentary exposures, and such studies are often vulnerable to confounding from, for example, individual-level preferences. We present a Global Positioning System (GPS)-based methodology for segmenting individuals' observation periods into visits to places and trips, enabling novel life-segment investigations and case-crossover analysis for improved inferences...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
(no author information available yet)
Space closure rated more attractive than space opening and prosthetic replacement.
September 23, 2016: British Dental Journal
Katherine T Nesbit, Robert D Roer
Observations of cuticular structures mineralized with silica within the Crustacea have been limited to the opal teeth of copepods, mandibles of amphipods, and recently the teeth of the gastric mill in the blue crab Callinectes sapidus. Copepod teeth are deposited during premolt, with sequential elaboration of organic materials followed by secretion of silica into the tooth mold. The timing of mineralization is in stark contrast to that of the general integument of crustaceans in which calcification is completely restricted to the postmolt period...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Morphology
Ezio Portis, Flavio Portis, Luisa Valente, Andrea Moglia, Lorenzo Barchi, Sergio Lanteri, Alberto Acquadro
The recently acquired genome sequence of globe artichoke (Cynara cardunculus var. scolymus) has been used to catalog the genome's content of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. More than 177,000 perfect SSRs were revealed, equivalent to an overall density across the genome of 244.5 SSRs/Mbp, but some 224,000 imperfect SSRs were also identified. About 21% of these SSRs were complex (two stretches of repeats separated by <100 nt). Some 73% of the SSRs were composed of dinucleotide motifs. The SSRs were categorized for the numbers of repeats present, their overall length and were allocated to their linkage group...
2016: PloS One
B Salazard, C Philandrianos, A Gaudeuille
Malformations and deformations of the forefoot are a frequent reason for consultation. The most frequent malformations viewed at birth are syndactylies (second web space), clinodactylies (quintus varus, halllux), polydactylies (hallux, fifth toe). The macrodactylies, hypoplasia, amniotic bands are rare. The management of these defects requires knowledge of surgery adult foot, plastic surgery and especially collaboration with physiotherapists, podiatrists and orthotists. The fast growth of the foot the first year and the development of walking at one year require to start early the treatment of deformations and to anticipate the evolution of malformations...
October 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Guiguang Ding, Yuchen Guo, Jile Zhou, Yue Gao
By transforming data into binary representation, i.e., Hashing, we can perform high-speed search with low storage cost, and thus Hashing has collected increasing research interest in the recent years. Recently, how to generate Hashcode for multimodal data (e.g., images with textual tags, documents with photos, etc) for large-scale cross-modality search (e.g., searching semantically related images in database for a document query) is an important research issue because of the fast growth of multimodal data in the Web...
September 8, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
Kevin D Lafferty, Thomas H Suchanek
"Food Web Complexity and Species Diversity" (Paine 1966) is the most-cited empirical article published in the American Naturalist. In short, Paine removed predatory sea stars (Pisaster ochraceus) from the rocky intertidal and watched the key prey species, mussels (Mytilus californianus), crowd out seven subordinate primary space-holding species. However, because these mussels are a foundational species, they provide three-dimensional habitat for over 300 associated species inhabiting the mussel beds; thus, removing sea stars significantly increases community-wide diversity...
October 2016: American Naturalist
Lokesh P Padhye
This annual review covers the literature published in 2015 on topics related to the occurrence and fate of emerging environmental pollutants in wastewater. Due to the vast amount of literature published on this topic, I have discussed only a fraction of the quality research publications, up to maximum 20 relevant articles per section, due to limitation of space. The abstract search was carried out using Web of Science, and the abstracts were selected based on their relevance. In few cases, full-text articles were referred to better understand new findings...
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
Mansher Singh, Hehuan Li, Kristo Nuutila, K C Collins, Jennifer Wall, Robert Riviello, Michael J Weaver, Matthew J Carty, Julian Pribaz, Simon G Talbot
Concurrent injuries to multiple extremities present unique challenges to the reconstructive surgeon. The primary goal in such scenarios is to optimize functional outcomes. The goal of this article is to present an overview of various techniques necessary to provide sufficient soft tissue and preserve amputation limb lengths and function. The concept of innovative techniques for maximizing limb savage and function is presented using an index patient with multiple extremity third- and fourth-degree burn injuries resulting in nonsalvageable lower extremities and severe left-hand wounds...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Eva Monson, Nicole Arsenault
INTRODUCTION: The positive effects of worldwide increases in enactment of legislative bans on smoking in public areas have been well documented. Relatively little is known about the effects of such bans on voluntary home smoking behavior. Meanwhile, private spaces, such as homes, have replaced public spaces as the primary milieu of secondhand smoke exposure. METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles was conducted using multiple databases including Cochrane Library, Cinahl, Embase, Global Health, Health Star, Joanna Briggs, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, PAIS International, PubMed, and Web of Science...
July 12, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Benjamin Raimbault, Jean-Philippe Cointet, Pierre-Benoît Joly
In this paper, we apply an original scientometric analyses to a corpus comprising synthetic biology (SynBio) publications in Thomson Reuters Web of Science to characterize the emergence of this new scientific field. Three results were drawn from this empirical investigation. First, despite the exponential growth of publications, the study of population level statistics (newcomers proportion, collaboration network structure) shows that SynBio has entered a stabilization process since 2010. Second, the mapping of textual and citational networks shows that SynBio is characterized by high heterogeneity and four different approaches: the central approach, where biobrick engineering is the most widespread; genome engineering; protocell creation; and metabolic engineering...
2016: PloS One
Timothy Onosahwo Iyendo
BACKGROUND: Sound in hospital space has traditionally been considered in negative terms as both intrusive and unwanted, and based mainly on sound levels. However, sound level is only one aspect of the soundscape. There is strong evidence that exploring the positive aspect of sound in a hospital context can evoke positive feelings in both patients and nurses. Music psychology studies have also shown that music intervention in health care can have a positive effect on patient's emotions and recuperating processes...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Md Golam Rabiul Alam, Sarder Fakhrul Abedin, Moshaddique Al Ameen, Choong Seon Hong
Ambient assisted living can facilitate optimum health and wellness by aiding physical, mental and social well-being. In this paper, patients' psychiatric symptoms are collected through lightweight biosensors and web-based psychiatric screening scales in a smart home environment and then analyzed through machine learning algorithms to provide ambient intelligence in a psychiatric emergency. The psychiatric states are modeled through a Hidden Markov Model (HMM), and the model parameters are estimated using a Viterbi path counting and scalable Stochastic Variational Inference (SVI)-based training algorithm...
2016: Sensors
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