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Kelly A Lempicki, Christine S Holland
BACKGROUND: Challenges exist in developing interprofessional education (IPE) activities including coordinating schedules and obtaining appropriate space for teams to work. Virtual worlds have been explored as a means to overcome some of these challenges. We sought to develop a web-based interprofessional team interaction with a standardized patient (SP), as compared to a face-to-face SP interaction, focusing on the competency area of interprofessional communication. INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION ACTIVITY: Interprofessional teams of students were randomized to complete a web-based or face-to-face SP encounter...
March 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
Emmanuel Dahan, Camilo Chaves, Manon Bachy, Frank Fitoussi
Congenital muscle hypertrophy of the upper limb is a very rare condition with unknown aetiology. This descriptive observational and retrospective series included eight children followed by a multidisciplinary team from 2005 to 2017. The diagnosis was based on a cluster of clinical and radiological characteristics after elimination of differential diagnoses. Patients were categorized according to: anomalies of the wrist, anomalies of long fingers of intrinsic or extrinsic origin; and anomalies of the thumb with or without first web space contracture...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
Koichi Kobayashi, Katsuyasu Fukasawa, Naoko Masuyama
BACKGROUND: When performing partial toe-transfer flaps with a short vascular pedicle, as the flap becomes smaller, the likelihood of securing veins in the flap decreases. The purpose of this study was to clarify how frequently the partial toe-transfer flap with a short pedicle (free vascularized half-big toenail flap) contains veins and elucidate how frequently we can secure the veins with an artery via the first web space approach alone, using the Genial Viewer (a near-infrared light transmission imaging device)...
June 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery Asian-Pacific Volume
Klaus Wegleitner, Patrick Schuchter, Sonja Prieth
In accordance with the pluralisation of life plans in late modernity, the societal organisation of care at the end of life is diverse. Although the public discourse in western societies is dominated by questions about optimising specialised palliative care services, public health approaches, which take into account the social determinants and inequalities in end-of-life care, have gained in importance over the last decade. Conceptual aspects, dimensions of impact and benefit for the dying and their communities are well discussed in the public health end-of-life care research literature...
April 27, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
Zhe Ju, Shi-Yun Wang
As one of the most important and common protein post-translational modifications, citrullination plays a key role in regulating various biological processes and is associated with several human diseases. The accurate identification of citrullination sites is crucial for elucidating the underlying molecular mechanisms of citrullination and designing drugs for related human diseases. In this study, a novel bioinformatics tool named CKSAAP_CitrSite is developed for the prediction of citrullination sites. With the assistance of support vector machine algorithm, the highlight of CKSAAP_CitrSite is to adopt the composition of k-spaced amino acid pairs surrounding a query site as input...
April 22, 2018: Gene
M Gachabayov, C E Oberkofler, J J Tuech, D Hahnloser, R Bergamaschi
INTRODUCTION: It is still controversial whether the optimal operation for perforated diverticulitis with peritonitis is primary anastomosis (PRA) or nonrestorative resection (NRR). The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate mortality and morbidity rates following emergency resection for perforated diverticulitis with peritonitis and ostomy reversal, as well as ostomy non-reversal rates. METHODS: The Pubmed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, MEDLINE via Ovid, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases were systematically searched...
April 25, 2018: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Nozomi Ahiko, Yoshiyuki Baba, Michiko Tsuji, Reiko Horikawa, Keiji Moriyama
Turner syndrome (TS) is associated with an X chromosome abnormality in women and is characterized by infantilism, congenital webbed neck, and cubitus valgus. The aim of this study was to determine the maxillofacial morphology and oral characteristics of Japanese girls (mean age, 8.5 years) with TS and early mixed dentition. Lateral cephalograms obtained at the first visit were used to analyze maxillofacial morphology. Oral characteristics were identified using orthopantomograms, intraoral photographs, and study casts...
April 25, 2018: Congenital Anomalies
Junpeng Bao, Wenqing Wang, Tianshe Yang, Guan Wu
Many important applications continuously generate data, such as financial transaction administration, satellite monitoring, network flow monitoring, and web information processing. The data mining results are always evolving with the newly generated data. Obviously, for the clustering task, it is better to incrementally update the new clustering results based on the old data rather than to recluster all of the data from scratch. The incremental clustering approach is an essential way to solve the problem of clustering with growing Big Data...
2018: PloS One
Francesco Smeraglia, Massimo Mariconda, Giovanni Balato, Sigismondo Luca Di Donato, Giovanni Criscuolo, Nicola Maffulli
Introduction: Trapeziometacarpal arthritis is a common and disabling condition. There is no evidence in the literature of superiority of one surgical procedure over others. Several prosthetic implants have been introduced to preserve joint mobility. Sourced of data: We searched the on Medline (PubMed), Web of Science and Scopus databases using the combined keywords 'artelon', 'thumb', 'carpometacarpal', 'trapeziometacarpal' and 'rhizoarthrosis'; 11 studies were identified...
April 6, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
Chloé Vigliotti, Cédric Bicep, Eric Bapteste, Philippe Lopez, Eduardo Corel
Understanding how an animal organism and its gut microbes form an integrated biological organization, known as a holobiont, is becoming a central issue in biological studies. Such an organization inevitably involves a complex web of transmission processes that occur on different scales in time and space, across microbes and hosts. Network-based models are introduced in this chapter to tackle aspects of this complexity and to better take into account vertical and horizontal dimensions of transmission. Two types of network-based models are presented, sequence similarity networks and bipartite graphs...
April 2018: Microbiology Spectrum
Audun Brunes, Marianne B Hansen, Trond Heir
PURPOSE: To conduct a systematic review of post-traumatic stress reactions among individuals with visual impairment (VI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative studies were identified through searches in MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Cochrane Libraries. The literature search was limited to humans, of English and Scandinavian languages and publication year between 1980 and 2017. Study quality was assessed for all the included studies and extracted data were synthesized using narrative analysis...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Ezio Portis, Sergio Lanteri, Lorenzo Barchi, Flavio Portis, Luisa Valente, Laura Toppino, Giuseppe L Rotino, Alberto Acquadro
We have characterized the simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers of the eggplant ( Solanum melongena ) using a recent high quality sequence of its whole genome. We found nearly 133,000 perfect SSRs, a density of 125.5 SSRs/Mbp, and also about 178,400 imperfect SSRs. Of the perfect SSRs, 15.6% were complex, with two stretches of repeats separated by an intervening block of <100 nt. Di- and trinucleotide SSRs accounted, respectively, for 43 and 37% of the total. The SSRs were classified according to their number of repeats and overall length, and were assigned to their linkage group...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Mahfouz Shehata Ibrahim Ahmed, Emad Salah Ibrahim, Hazem Ibrahim Eltayeb
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic dorsal hand defects with exposed tendons and/or bones represent a challenge to reconstructive surgeons. Many options are suggested ranging from local, regional, distant up to free flaps. First dorsal metacarpal artery island flap was commonly prescribed for reconstructing the thumb or first web space defects. METHODS: During a 30 month's period, 23 patients, 15 males aged between 17 and 48 years and 8 females aged between 18 and 36 years presented by posttraumatic dorsal hand defects...
April 5, 2018: Asian Journal of Surgery
Marcial Velasco Garrido, Janika Mette, Stefanie Mache, Volker Harth, Alexandra M Preisser
OBJECTIVES: To assess the physical strains of employees in the German offshore wind industry, according to job type and phase of the wind farm (under construction or operation). DESIGN: Web-based cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Offshore wind farm companies operating within the German exclusive economic zone. PARTICIPANTS: Male workers with regular offshore commitments and at least 28 days spent offshore in the past year (n=268)...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
Jason S Sherfey, Austin E Soplata, Salva Ardid, Erik A Roberts, David A Stanley, Benjamin R Pittman-Polletta, Nancy J Kopell
DynaSim is an open-source MATLAB/GNU Octave toolbox for rapid prototyping of neural models and batch simulation management. It is designed to speed up and simplify the process of generating, sharing, and exploring network models of neurons with one or more compartments. Models can be specified by equations directly (similar to XPP or the Brian simulator) or by lists of predefined or custom model components. The higher-level specification supports arbitrarily complex population models and networks of interconnected populations...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroinformatics
Alberto Calderone, Gianni Cesareni
Summary: The visualization of molecular interactions annotated in web resources is useful to offer to users such information in a clear intuitive layout. These interactions are frequently represented as binary interactions that are laid out in free space where, different entities, cellular compartments and interaction types are hardly distinguishable. SPV (Signaling Pathway Visualizer) is a free open source JavaScript library which offers a series of pre-defined elements, compartments and interaction types meant to facilitate the representation of signaling pathways consisting of causal interactions without neglecting simple protein-protein interaction networks...
March 24, 2018: Bioinformatics
Hua-Hong Wu, Hui Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the karyotype, clinical manifestations and natural and therapeutic outcome of Turner syndrome (TS) in China. METHOD: A total of 124 TS patients with definite diagnosis were included. Karyotype, main clinical signs, sexual development and therapeutic outcome were analyzed. RESULTS: TS karyotype was classified in 4 types: monosomy (32.7%), mosaic (15.9%), variant (23.9%) and mosaic with variant (27.4%). All patients showed short stature, with mean adult height<145cm...
March 23, 2018: Annales D'endocrinologie
Nicholas A Pardikes, Will Lumpkin, Paul J Hurtado, Lee A Dyer
Most of earth's biodiversity is comprised of interactions among species, yet it is unclear what causes variation in interaction diversity across space and time. We define interaction diversity as the richness and relative abundance of interactions linking species together at scales from localized, measurable webs to entire ecosystems. Large-scale patterns suggest that two basic components of interaction diversity differ substantially and predictably between different ecosystems: overall taxonomic diversity and host specificity of consumers...
2018: PloS One
Susan R Kennedy, Todd E Dawson, Rosemary G Gillespie
The Hawaiian Islands offer a unique opportunity to test how changes in the properties of an isolated ecosystem are propagated through the organisms that occur within that ecosystem. The age-structured arrangement of volcanic-derived substrates follows a regular progression over space and, by inference, time. We test how well documented successional changes in soil chemistry and associated vegetation are reflected in organisms at higher trophic levels-specifically, predatory arthropods (spiders)-across a range of functional groups...
2018: PeerJ
Haley Manella, Shyam Sivasankar, Jeffrey J Perry, Sam Pfeil, Josh Senyak, Ross Shachter, Prasanthi Govindarajan
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) from a leaking aneurysm is a neurological emergency. SAH patients often present with headache-a common chief complaint among emergency department patients. If unrecognized, 70% of the patients with re-bleeds die and one third are left with neurological deficits. Therefore, it is critical to distinguish the signs and symptoms of SAH from benign causes of headache, perform the appropriate diagnostic tests and treat in a timely manner in order to reduce the disability and mortality associated with this condition...
January 21, 2018: Curēus
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