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suprascapular nerve

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094420/evaluation-of-the-optimal-plate-position-for-the-fixation-of-supraglenoid-tubercle-fractures-in-warmbloods
#1
Sina Frei, Hans Geyer, Seamus Hoey, Anton E Fuerst, Andrea S Bischofberger
OBJECTIVES: To determine scapular cortex thickness, distal scapular bone density and describe the exact suprascapular nerve course to evaluate the best plate position for the fixation of supraglenoid tubercle fractures in horses. METHODS: Twelve equine cadaveric shoulders were examined with computed tomography. Computed tomography morphometry and density measurements (Hounsfield units [HU]) of the scapula were recorded. Statistical comparisons were made between the cranial and caudal aspects of the scapula...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049593/quantitative-and-computed-tomography-anatomic-analysis-of-glenoid-fixation-for-superior-capsule-reconstruction-a-cadaveric-study
#2
Jason M Schon, J Christoph Katthagen, Cameron N Dupre, Justin J Mitchell, Travis Lee Turnbull, Christopher R Adams, Patrick J Denard, Peter J Millett
PURPOSE: To investigate glenoid fixation for superior capsule reconstruction (SCR) and evaluate anchor positions, intraosseous trajectories, and proximity to the suprascapular nerve (SSN) and glenoid fossa. The secondary purpose was to provide technical pearls and pitfalls for anchor insertion on the superior glenoid during SCR. METHODS: Three beath pins were arthroscopically inserted into 12 (n = 12) nonpaired human cadaveric shoulders through Neviaser, anterior, and posterior portals to simulate anchor placement on the superior glenoid during SCR...
December 31, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033192/variations-of-cords-of-brachial-plexus-and-branching-pattern-of-nerves-emanating-from-them
#3
Rajani Singh
Brachial plexus is complex network of nerves, formed by joining and splitting of ventral rami of spinal nerves C5, C6, C7, C8, and T1 forming trunks, divisions, and cords. The nerves emerging from trunks and cords innervate the upper limb and to some extent pectoral region. Scanty literature describes the variations in the formation of cords and nerves emanating from them. Moreover, the variations of cords of brachial plexus and nerves emanating from them have iatrogenic implications in the upper limb and pectoral region...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003075/editorial-commentary-arthroscopically-assisted-acromioclavicular-joint-reconstruction-not-seeing-does-not-mean-do-not-worry
#4
EDITORIAL
Andreas B Imhoff, Felix Dyrna
To minimize risks during arthroscopic-assisted reduction and internal fixation of acromioclavicular dislocation, drilling should only be performed with an anatomically reduced clavicle. This re-creates the important distances to the neurovascular structures because a posteriorly displaced clavicle reduces the distance to the suprascapular nerve. In addition, visualization is of high importance for the arthroscopic coracoid preparation, as are mini-open incisions, to create an accurate and well-placed tunnel for drilling...
January 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997490/optimizing-the-combined-suprascapular-and-axillary-nerve-ssax-block
#5
Darcy Price
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941477/diaphragm-sparing-nerve-blocks-for-shoulder-surgery
#6
De Q H Tran, Maria Francisca Elgueta, Julian Aliste, Roderick J Finlayson
Shoulder surgery can result in significant postoperative pain. Interscalene brachial plexus blocks (ISBs) constitute the current criterion standard for analgesia but may be contraindicated in patients with pulmonary pathology due to the inherent risk of phrenic nerve block and symptomatic hemidiaphragmatic paralysis. Although ultrasound-guided ISB with small volumes (5 mL), dilute local anesthetic (LA) concentrations, and LA injection 4 mm lateral to the brachial plexus have been shown to reduce the risk of phrenic nerve block, no single intervention can decrease its incidence below 20%...
January 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916737/suprascapular-block-associated-with-supraclavicular-block-an-alternative-to-isolated-interscalene-block-for-analgesia-in-shoulder-instability-surgery
#7
W Trabelsi, A Ben Gabsia, A Lebbi, W Sammoud, I Labbène, M Ferjani
BACKGROUND: Interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) is the gold standard for postoperative pain management in shoulder surgery. However, this technique has side effects and potentially serious complications. The aim of this study was to compare the combinations of ultrasound-guided suprascapular (SSB) associated with supraclavicular nerve block (SCB) and ultrasound-guided ISB for postoperative analgesia after shoulder instability surgery. METHODS: Sixty ASA physical status I-II patients scheduled to undergo shoulder instability surgery were included...
December 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913804/restoration-of-shoulder-abduction-in-brachial-plexus-avulsion-injuries-with-double-neurotization-from-the-spinal-accessory-nerve-a-report-of-13-cases
#8
K W S J Huan, J S W Tan, S H Tan, L C Teoh, F C Yong
: In upper (C5-C7) and total (C5-T1) root avulsion brachial plexus injury, a method of double neurotization from a single donor spinal accessory nerve to two target nerves (suprascapular nerve and axillary nerve) may be done, leaving donor nerves available for reconstruction procedures to restore other aspects of upper limb function. A mean range of shoulder abduction of 91° (SD 25°) was achieved through this procedure in our study of 13 cases, of which seven cases were C5-C7 root avulsion and six cases were C5-T1 root avulsion brachial plexus injuries...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904211/post-operative-pain-management-in-shoulder-surgery-suprascapular-and-axillary-nerve-block-by-arthroscope-assisted-catheter-placement
#9
H Çağdaş Basat, D Hakan Uçar, Mehmet Armangil, Berk Güçlü, Mehmet Demirtaş
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain management is the part of shoulder surgery to improve patient satisfaction, start rehabilitation process rapidly and decrease for hospital stay. Various treatment modalities have been used for pain management, but they have some limitations, side effects and risks. Throughout intraoperative and postoperative period, nerve blocks have been used more popularly than others because of efficacy. For the regional nerve block, local anesthetic should be infiltrated close to the nerve for maximum effect...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876086/suprascapular-neuropathy-in-the-setting-of-rotator-cuff-tears-study-protocol-for-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Nikolaos Platon Sachinis, Achilleas Boutsiadis, Sotirios Papagiannopoulos, Konstantinos Ditsios, Anastasios Christodoulou, Pericles Papadopoulos
BACKGROUND: It has been indicated that rotator cuff tears, especially large or massive ones, can cause suprascapular neuropathy. When such a diagnosis has been established, it is still unknown whether an arthroscopic release of the superior transverse scapular ligament during cuff repair can change the course of this neuropathy. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a single-center, double-blinded randomized controlled trial for which 42 patients with large or massive repairable rotator cuff tears and suprascapular neuropathy will be recruited and followed up at 6 and 12 months...
November 22, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864992/the-mri-bullseye-sign-an-indicator-of-peripheral-nerve-constriction-in-parsonage-turner-syndrome
#11
Darryl B Sneag, Eliana B Saltzman, David W Meister, Joseph H Feinberg, Steve K Lee, Scott W Wolfe
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance imaging's (MRI's) role in identifying hourglass constrictions (HGCs) of nerves in Parsonage-Turner syndrome (PTS) is largely unknown. METHODS: Six patients with PTS and with absent or minimal recovery underwent MRI. Surgical exploration was performed at identified pathologic sites. RESULTS: The time between symptom onset and surgery was 12.4 ± 6.9 months; the time between MRI and surgery was 1.3 ± 0...
November 16, 2016: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858673/multiple-versus-single-ultrasound-guided-suprascapular-nerve-block-in-treatment-of-frozen-shoulder-in-diabetic-patients
#12
Mohamed A Mortada, Nillie Ezzeldin, Samah F Abbas, Hanan A Ammar, Nahla A Salama
BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve block (SSNB) is used in the management of frozen shoulder. There are no evidences from the literature that can determine how many blocks and the interval between them. OBJECTIVE: To compare between single and multiple (nine) SSNB in the treatment of diabetic frozen shoulder. METHODS: Ninety six patients with Type 2 diabetic and a frozen shoulder divided into 2 equal groups. Patients in group1 were subjected to single SSNB...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830880/a-quantitative-study-of-the-arrangement-of-the-suprascapular-nerve-and-vessels-in-the-suprascapular-notch-region-new-findings-based-on-parametric-analysis
#13
H Jezierski, G Wysiadecki, M Sibiński, A Borowski, M Podgórski, M Topol, M Polguj
BACKGROUND: When closed by the superior transverse scapular ligament (STSL), the suprascapular notch (SSN) creates an osseo-fibrous tunnel which acts as a pathway for the suprascapular nerve (SN). Anatomical variations are common in this region, and these can increase the risk of neuropathy by restricting the space for nerve passage. The aim of this study is to identify any correlation between the area reduction coefficient parameters and the SN and vessel arrangements in the SSN region...
2016: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823370/peripheral-neuropathy-of-a-forelimb-in-horses-27-cases-2000-2013
#14
Anne-Laure Emond, Lélia Bertoni, Maeva Seignour, Virginie Coudry, Jean-Marie Denoix
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, diagnostic procedures, management, and outcome of horses with peripheral neuropathy of a forelimb. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 27 horses. PROCEDURES Records from 2000 to 2013 were reviewed to identify horses with peripheral neuropathy of a forelimb. Horses were grouped as having predominant lesions of a suprascapular nerve, axillary nerve, or radial nerve (alone or in association with other brachial plexus nerves) on the basis of physical examination and diagnostic imaging findings...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816092/editorial-commentary-is-it-time-for-surgeons-to-take-back-the-block-do-it-yourself-suprascapular-nerve-blocks-for-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair
#15
EDITORIAL
Seth L Sherman
Surgeon administered intraoperative shoulder suprascapular nerve block appears to be a safe, effective, "low tech," and inexpensive alternative to a preoperative interscalene block performed by an anesthesia provider. Surgeons should thoughtfully weigh the pros and cons of this technique and consider "taking back the block."
November 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803226/suprascapular-neuropathy-in-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-with-severe-fatty-degeneration-in-the-infraspinatus-muscle
#16
B Y Kong, S H Kim, D H Kim, H Y Joung, Y H Jang, J H Oh
AIMS: Our aim was to describe the atypical pattern of increased fatty degeneration in the infraspinatus muscle compared with the supraspinatus in patients with a massive rotator cuff tear. We also wished to describe the nerve conduction and electromyography findings in these patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cohort of patients undergoing surgery for a massive rotator cuff tear was identified and their clinical records obtained. Their MRI images were reviewed to ascertain the degree of retraction of the torn infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles, and the degree of fatty degeneration in both muscles was recorded...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799834/a-comparison-of-functional-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-revision-arthroscopic-repair-of-massive-rotator-cuff-tears-with-and-without-arthroscopic-suprascapular-nerve-release
#17
Felix H Savoie, Mark Zunkiewicz, Larry D Field, William H Replogle, Michael J O'Brien
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare functional outcomes in patients undergoing revision repair of massive rotator cuff tears (retracted medial to the glenoid) with Goutallier Grade 4 atrophy and concomitant release of the suprascapular nerve to a similar group of patients with Grade 3 atrophy undergoing revision rotator cuff repair (RTCR) without nerve release. We hypothesized that patients undergoing nerve release would have more favorable functional outcomes as measured by the Modified University of California at Los Angeles shoulder rating scale (UCLA)...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788289/brachial-plexus-in-the-pampas-fox-lycalopex-gymnocercus-a-descriptive-and-comparative-analysis
#18
Paulo de Souza Junior, Natan da Cruz de Carvalho, Karine de Mattos, Marcelo Abidu Figueiredo, André Luiz Quagliatto Santos
Twenty thoracic limbs of ten Lycalopex gymnocercus were dissected to describe origin and distribution of the nerves forming brachial plexuses. The brachial plexus resulted from the connections between the ventral branches of the last three cervical nerves (C6, C7 and C8) and first thoracic nerve (T1). These branches connected the suprascapular, subscapular, axillary, musculocutaneous, radial, median and ulnar nerves to the intrinsic musculature and connected the brachiocephalic, thoracodorsal, lateral thoracic, long thoracic, cranial pectoral and caudal pectoral nerves to the extrinsic musculature...
October 27, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781982/rhomboid-nerve-transfer-to-the-suprascapular-nerve-for-shoulder-reanimation-in-brachial-plexus-palsy-a-clinical-report
#19
J-N Goubier, F Teboul
Recovery of shoulder function is a real challenge in cases of partial brachial plexus palsy. Currently, in C5-C6 root injuries, transfer of the long head of the triceps brachii branch is done to revive the deltoid muscle. Spinal accessory nerve transfer is typically used for reanimation of the suprascapular nerve. We propose an alternative technique in which the nerve of the rhomboid muscles is transferred to the suprascapular nerve. A 33-year-old male patient with a C5-C6 brachial plexus injury with shoulder and elbow flexion palsy underwent surgery 7 months after the injury...
October 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761228/hereditary-neuropathy-with-liability-to-pressure-palsies-a-single-center-experience-in-southern-brazil
#20
Paulo José Lorenzoni, Cláudia Suemi Kamoi Kay, Cristiane Cavalet, Raquel C Arndt, Lineu Cesar Werneck, Rosana Herminia Scola
The spectrum of clinical and electrophysiological features in hereditary neuropathy with liability to pressure palsies (HNPP) is broad. We analyze a series of Brazilian patients with HNPP. Correlations between clinical manifestations, laboratory features, electrophysiological analyze, histological and molecular findings were done. In five cases, more than one episode occurred before diagnosis. Median nerve in the carpal tunnel at the wrist, ulnar nerve in its groove at the elbow, fibular nerve in the head of the fibula at the knee, radial nerve in its groove of the humerus and suprascapular nerve in its notch at the supraspinous fossa were found as focal neuropathies...
September 30, 2016: Neurology International
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