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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210093/mucosa-associated-lymphoid-tissue-lymphoma-with-unusual-18-f-fdg-hypermetabolism-arising-at-the-colorectal-anastomosis
#1
Na-Sha Zhang, Fang Shi, Li Kong, Hui Zhu
Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma usually originates from the stomach and presents with low (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) avidity with average maximum standard uptake value of 3.6. Colorectal MALT lymphoma is a rare entity that contributes to 1.6% of all MALT lymphomas and < 0.2% of large intestinal malignancies. The case reported herein firstly revealed stage IIE MALT lymphoma with unexpected higher (18)F-FDG avidity of 18.9 arising at the colorectal anastomosis in a patient with a surgical history for sigmoid adenocarcinoma, which was strongly suspected as local recurrence before histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations...
January 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208934/enteric-duplication-cyst-leading-to-volvulus-an-unusual-cause-of-acute-intestinal-obstruction-a-case-report
#2
Raju Rangaswamy, Kuotho T Nyuwi, Chabungbam Gyan Singh, Ty Apila Sangtam, Lalhruaitluanga Varte
Enteric Duplication Cysts (EDC) is a rare congenital malformation, usually found in mesenteric side of Gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Generally patients present with non-specific symptoms depending on size and location of the cyst in GI tract. EDC presenting as small bowel volvulus is a rare clinical entity. Herein, we are reporting a 16-year-old adolescent girl who presented to Emergency Department (ED) with the features of acute bowel obstruction with septicemia. Patient underwent exploratory laparotomy which revealed dilated, twisted, gangrenous bowel due to a cystic lesion adjacent to the mesenteric side...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208925/jejunal-epiphany-diverticulae-enteroliths-and-strictures
#3
Priyank Pathak, Babar Rehmani, Navin Kumar
Multiple jejunal diverticulae represent a rare entity and are usually asymptomatic. This case report is about one such jejunal diverticulae along with multiple enteroliths and jejunal strictures. All these three different findings in a short segment of jejunum is a very rare finding with all three variants seen in a segment of jejunum. We herein present a case of a 45-year-old male, who presented with vague abdominal pain for one and half years associated with nausea and vomiting and altered bowel habits. Laparotomy revealed multiple large jejunal diverticulae compressing the bowel with multiple enteroliths and two strictures in a short segment of jejunum leading to intestinal obstruction...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205007/long-term-evaluation-of-biliary-reflux-after-experimental-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass-in-rats
#4
Matthieu Bruzzi, Henri Duboc, Caroline Gronnier, Dominique Rainteau, Anne Couvelard, Maude Le Gall, André Bado, Jean-Marc Chevallier
BACKGROUND: Controversy remains regarding biliary reflux after one-anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB). The aim of this "pilot" study was to analyze biliary reflux and its potential long-term consequences on esogastric mucosae in OAGB-operated rats. METHODS: Diet-induced obese rats were subjected to OAGB (n = 10) or sham (n = 4) surgery and followed up for 16 weeks. Evolution of weight and glucose tolerance was analyzed. Bile acid concentration measurement, histological and qRT-PCR analysis were performed in the esogastric segments...
February 15, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198178/side-to-side-duodeno-colic-anastomosis-provides-dramatic-weight-loss-a-potentially-strong-anti-diabetic-operation-for-type-2-diabetes
#5
Michel Gagner
BACKGROUND: Incomplete bypass of the intestines provide weight loss by hypoabsorption of nutrients and hormonal changes. The aim was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of a side- to-side duodeno-colic anastomosis (DCA) in the short term. METHODS: Seven <50 Kg swine's were allocated to a DCA, and compared to a sham group. Weights were recorded for 8 weeks and duodenoscopies performed at 8 and 28 days. Complete blood count and basic biochemistry profiles were taken at baseline, day #3 and #56...
February 14, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181449/in%C3%A2-vivo-and-in%C3%A2-vitro-assessment-of-the-biocompatibility-and-degradation-of-high-purity-mg-anastomotic-staples
#6
Su Qu, Jiazeng Xia, Jun Yan, Hongliu Wu, Hao Wang, Yi Yi, Xiaonong Zhang, Shaoxiang Zhang, ChangLi Zhao, Yigang Chen
Titanium (Ti) staples are not biodegradable, and anastomotic complications related to Ti staples are reported frequently. In the present study, the biocompatibility and degradation behavior of high-purity magnesium (HP Mg) staples with the small intestine were investigated. HP Mg staples did not affect the relative growth rate, cell cycle and apoptosis of primary rectal mucosal epithelial cells (IEC-6) in vitro. At one, two and three days after immersion in intestinal juice, the weight of the 30 rinsed HP Mg staples reduced by 7...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Biomaterials Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181137/portoenterostomy-as-a-salvage-procedure-for-major-biliary-complications-following-hepaticojejunostomy
#7
Amit Sharma, John S Hammond, Emmanouil Psaltis, W Keith Dunn, Dileep N Lobo
Major biliary complications that require surgical intervention after hepaticojejunostomy are rare and technically challenging. While the hepaticojejunostomy can be refashioned in most patients requiring surgical reexploration after anastomotic dehiscence, a selected few may require a portoenterostomy, which involves anastomosis of the jejunum to a decapsulated area of the liver to establish a conduit from the intrahepatic bile ducts to the intestine. Herein, we describe the technique where a portoenterostomy has been used to restore bilioenteric continuity in three patients where reconstruction with a hepaticojejunostomy was not feasible...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179015/a-self-locking-loop-as-an-alternative-to-purse-string-suture-in-colon-anastomosis-a-feasibility-study
#8
Odd V Höglund, Oskar Maxon, Anders Grönberg
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is common in humans where treatment involves surgical removal of the cancerous part of the intestines. In the anastomosis procedure a purse-string suture may be time consuming to perform. The aim was to replace the purse-string suture, to develop and test a self-locking loop for temporary sealing of the lumen in colon anastomosis. METHODS: A new device, a flexible band with a locking mechanism was constructed, the I-Tie(®). Small protrusions, designed for increased friction between device and tissue, were added to one side of the flexible band in order to enhance the grip at closure of the loop around tissue...
February 8, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173723/the-impact-of-complications-on-prolonged-length-of-hospital-stay-after-resection-in-colorectal-cancer-a-retrospective-study-of-taiwanese-patients
#9
Herng-Chia Chiu, Yi-Chieh Lin, Hui-Min Hsieh, Hsin-Pao Chen, Hui-Li Wang, Jaw-Yuan Wang
Objectives To assess the impact of minor, major and individual complications on prolonged length of hospital stay in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) after surgery using multivariate models. Methods This was a retrospective review of data from patients who underwent surgery for stage I-III CRC at two medical centres in southern Taiwan between 2005-2010. Information was derived from four databases. Multivariate logistic regression methods were used to assess the impact of complications on prolonged length of stay (PLOS) and prolonged postoperative length of stay (PPOLOS)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168985/predicting-time-to-full-enteral-nutrition-in-children-after-significant-bowel-resection
#10
Jessica Gonzalez-Hernandez, Purvi Prajapati, Gerald Ogola, Nandini Channabasappa, Barbara Drews, Hannah G Piper
PURPOSE: Parenteral nutrition (PN) contributes to considerable morbidity in children after significant bowel resection. This study evaluates the utility of clinical variables in predicting time to independence from PN. METHODS: After IRB approval, a retrospective review (1999-2012) of 71 children who were on PN for >6weeks after intestinal resection and successfully weaned was performed. Clinical characteristics were evaluated to determine the relationship to time to full enteral nutrition...
January 29, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166091/oral-polyphosphate-suppresses-bacterial-collagenase-production-and-prevents-anastomotic-leak-due-to-serratia-marcescens-and-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#11
Sanjiv K Hyoju, Robin E Klabbers, Melissa Aaron, Monika A Krezalek, Alexander Zaborin, Mara Wiegerinck, Neil H Hyman, Olga Zaborina, Harry Van Goor, John C Alverdy
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of polyphosphate on intestinal bacterial collagenase production and anastomotic leak in mice undergoing colon surgery. BACKGROUND: We have previously shown that anastomotic leak can be caused by intestinal pathogens that produce collagenase. Because bacteria harbor sensory systems to detect the extracellular concentration of phosphate which controls their virulence, we tested whether local phosphate administration in the form of polyphosphate could attenuate pathogen virulence and prevent leak without affecting bacterial growth...
February 3, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164037/intestinal-anastomosis-in-children-it-s-time-for-a-general-consensus
#12
Alessandro Boscarelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163271/intestinal-gastrointestinal-stromal-tumor-in-a-cat
#13
Akihisa Suwa, Tetsuya Shimoda
A 12-year-old, 3.6-kg, spayed female domestic shorthaired cat had a 2-month history of anorexia and weight loss. Abdominal ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed an exophytic mass originating from the jejunum with very poor central and poor peripheral contrast enhancement. On day 14, surgical resection of the jejunum and mass with 5-cm margins and an end-to-end anastomosis were performed. Histopathological examination revealed the mass was a transmural, invasive cancer showing exophytic growth and originating from the small intestinal muscle layer...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153961/novel-insight-into-the-role-of-microbiota-in-colorectal-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Radu Bachmann, Daniel Leonard, Nathalie Delzenne, Alex Kartheuser, Patrice D Cani
Recent literature undeniably supports the idea that the microbiota has a strong influence on the healing process of an intestinal anastomosis. Understanding the mechanisms by which the bacterial community of the gut influences intestinal healing could open the door for new preventive and therapeutic approaches. Among the different mechanisms, data have shown that the production of specific reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the activation of specific formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) regulate intestinal wound healing...
February 2, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152199/investigation-of-perioperative-and-anesthetic-variables-affecting-short-term-survival-of-horses-with-small-intestinal-strangulating-lesions
#15
Pablo Espinosa, Sarah S Le Jeune, Alessia Cenani, Philip H Kass, Robert J Brosnan
OBJECTIVE: To determine if preoperative and intraoperative physiologic variables, and surgical factors correlate with survival to anesthetic recovery or hospital discharge, repeat celiotomy, and postoperative nasogastric intubation (NGT) in horses undergoing exploratory celiotomy for small intestinal (SI) strangulating lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses that had surgical correction of SI strangulating lesions (n = 258)...
February 2, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147351/unmet-therapeutic-needs-focus-on-intestinal-fibrosis-surgical-approach-resection-strictureplasty-and-others
#16
REVIEW
Diane Mege, Yves Panis
BACKGROUND: In patients with ileo-colonic Crohn's disease (CD), the main consequence of the development of intestinal fibrosis is the occurrence of a localized symptomatic stenosis for which treatment is mandatory. Besides medical treatment, which is still considered to be ineffective against non-inflammatory fibrotic intestinal stenosis due to CD, there are 2 options for the treatment of such stenosis: endoscopic and surgical approaches. Key Messages: Endoscopic treatment includes balloon dilatation and stenting, and can be performed only on selected patients with very short stenosis...
2017: Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135411/use-of-cryopoor-plasma-for-albumin-replacement-and-continuous-antimicrobial-infusion-for-treatment-of-septic-peritonitis-in-a-dog
#17
Meaghan K Ropski, Julien Guillaumin, Andrea A Monnig, Katy Townsend, Mary A McLoughlin
OBJECTIVE: To report the successful management of a dog with septic peritonitis and septic shock secondary to enterectomy dehiscence using novel techniques for identification of intestinal dehiscence and for septic shock treatment. CASE SUMMARY: A 5-year-old castrated male Bernese Mountain Dog presented for lethargy 6 days following enterotomy for foreign body obstruction. Septic peritonitis was identified due to dehiscence of the enterotomy site, and resection and anastomosis were performed using a gastrointestinal anastomosis and thoracoabdominal stapling device...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133307/-a-case-of-familial-adenomatous-polyposis-with-a-desmoid-tumor-probably-communicating-to-the-intestinal-lumen-that-was-successfully-treated-with-non-surgical-therapy
#18
Tetsuya Ito, Noriyasu Chika, Azusa Yamamoto, Toshiro Ogura, Kunihiko Amano, Toru Ishiguro, Minoru Fukuchi, Youichi Kumagai, Keiichiro Ishibashi, Hidetaka Eguchi, Yasushi Okazaki, Erito Mochiki, Hideyuki Ishida
A 44-year-old man with familial adenomatous polyposis underwent laparoscopic-assistedtotal proctocolectomy with ilealpouch anal anastomosis(IPAA). Computed tomography conducted 21 months after IPAA demonstrated bilateral hydronephrosis andan intra-abdominal mass with a maximal diameter of 22 cm, leading to a diagnosis of stage IV desmoid disease, according to the classification by Church and associates. Six courses of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin plus dacarbazine were administered. Computed tomography after chemotherapy demonstrated marked shrinkage of the desmoidtumor with intraabdominal air andfluidcollection extending just below the skin of the ileostomy closure site...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133153/-a-case-of-gist-in-the-small-intestine-diagnosed-via-ct-after-repeated-melena-and-removed-by-laparoscopy-assisted-surgery
#19
Hiroyuki Notani, Daisuke Asano, Naoto Fujiwara, Toru Kawamura, Yasushi Sato, Akira Nakashima
A 63-year-old man visited an emergency outpatient unit with the chief complaints of melena and lightheadedness. At the time of the visit, blood tests showed Hb of 4.3 g/dL, suggesting severe anemia, and he exhibited repeated melena, even after hospitalization. Small intestinal bleeding was suspected during endoscopic examination of the lower gastrointestinal tract, and abdominalCT examination suggested a 3.5 cm tumor-like lesion in the jejunum. He was diagnosed as having bleeding of a tumor in the small intestine and consequently underwent laparoscopic surgery...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133146/-damage-control-surgery-for-perforation-of-colon-cancer
#20
Takeshi Ebihara, Motohiko Yamada, Katsushu Simizu, Koji Amano, Masahiro Kawada, Genta Sawada, Yusuke Tsunetoshi, Ken Nakata, Akihiro Usui, Masaki Tujie, Yutaka Kimura, Satoru Munakata, Yasuki Nakata, Junya Fujita
Perforation due to colon cancer maycause peritonitis and septic shock. In these cases, we maynot be able to rescue the patients in spite of emergencysurgical intervention; in these conditions, owing to limitations of operation time, it is difficult for us to assess the state or extent of the disease and to perform an ideal oncological surgerywith dissection of lymph nodes. To overcome these limitations, we introduce the concept of "damage control surgery" developed in the trauma region to treat perforations of colon cancer...
November 2016: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
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